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Suppliers of primary and

secondary

batteries

Suppliers of primary and secondary batteries

3

Belgium

Chloride Belgium NV, Groenstraat 31, Mortsel 2510 Primary batteries, zinc-alkaline manganese dioxide; secondary batteries, nickel-cadmium, lead-acid. Varta SA, Rue Uyttenhove 49-51, B-1090 Brussels Primary batteries, zinc-alkaline manganese dioxide, mercury-zinc, carbon-zinc, Leclanchr, magnesium types, lithium types, silver oxide-zinc, zinc chloride Leclanchr, zinc-air.

Canada

Chloride Industries Battery Ltd, 7480 Bath Road, Mississauga, L4T 1L2 Ontario Primary batteries, zinc-alkaline manganese dioxide; secondary batteries, nickel-cadmium. Pure Energy Battery Co. Secondary zinc-manganese dioxide. Varta Batteries Ltd, 4 Lansing Square, Suite 237, Willowdale, Ontario, M2J 1T1 Primary batteries, zinc-alkaline manganese dioxide, mercury-zinc, carbon-zinc Leclanchr, magnesium types, lithium types, silver oxide-zinc, zinc chloride Leclanchr, zinc-air.

Denmark

Chloride Scandinavia AS, Literbuen 9-11, 2740 Skovlunde Primary batteries, zinc-alkaline manganese dioxide; secondary batteries, nickel-cadmium, lead-acid.

France

Chloride France SA, 18 Place de la Seine, Zone Industrielle de la Silic, 94563 Rungis, BP Silic 194 Primary batteries, zinc-alkaline manganese dioxide; secondary batteries, nickel-cadmium, lead-acid. Duracell France Technical Division, 5 Rue Chantecoq, F-92801 Puteaux Primary batteries, mercury-zinc, silver-zinc, lith- ium solid electrolyte types. La Pile Leclanch6, Department Piles de SAFT, 156 Avenue de Metz, Romainville 93239 Primary batteries, zinc-alkaline manganese di- oxide, carbon-zinc Leclanch6, lithium types (lithium-lead bismuthate, lithium-silver chromate). SAFT Socirt6 des Accumulateurs, Fixes et de Trac- tion, 156 Avenue de Metz, 93230 Romainville Secondary batteries, nickel-hydrogen, cuprous chloride, nickel-cadmium, lithium-manganese di- oxide; thermal cells, nickel-metal hydride sec- ondary, sodium-nickel chloride secondary. See also SAFT (UK)and SAFT (US). (Chloride Alkad is now part of SAFT).

Germany

Akkumulatorenfabrik Sonnenschein GmbH, 64-70 Budingen Secondary batteries, sealed lead-acid, lithium- sulphur dioxide, lithium-thionyl chloride. Chloride Batteries GmbH, Otto Hahn Strasse 1, 6084 Gerscheim Secondary batteries, nickel-cadmium. Diamon Werke GmbH, Sellerstrasse 14, 1000 Berlin 65; also 5000 Koln 50, Ossendorf; Kohlstrasse 37, Cologne 36; Postlach 3 000 420 and Selterstrasse 14, 1000 Berlin 65 Primary batteries, zinc-alkaline manganese dioxide; secondary batteries, nickel-cadmium. Duracell Deutschland Technical Division, D-5020 Frechen, Hermann-Seger-Strasse 13 Primary batteries, mercury-zinc, silver-zinc, lith- ium solid electrolyte types. Friemann Wolf Silberkraft, Leichtakkumulatoren, 41 Duisburg 1, Meidericher Strasse 6-8, Post- schliesstfach 100703 Primary batteries, silver-zinc and silver chlor- ide-magnesium seawater batteries; secondary bat- teries, nickel-cadmium, silver-zinc, silver- cadmium, lithium-sulphur dioxide, lithium-thionyl chloride. Gottfried Hagen AG, Rolshoverstrasse 95/101, Post- fach 91 01-10-D5 Secondary batteries, nickel-cadmium. Nife Jungner GmbH, Nicholstrasse 2-6, 1000 Berlin 46; also Blucherstrasse 33-35, 2000 Hamburg; Benrotherstrasse 7, 4000 Dusseldorf 13; Ostwalt- strasse 48, 6000 Frankfurt; Nockherstrasse 50, 8100 Munich 90 Secondary batteries, nickel-cadmium, alkaline. Varta Batterie AG, Leineufer 51, Postfach 210 540, 3000 Hanover 21; also Postfach 63, 7090 Ellwargen, Jagst Primary batteries, zinc-alkaline manganese dioxide, mercury-zinc, carbon-zinc LeclancM, magnesium types, silver oxide-zinc, zinc chloride Leclanchr, zinc-air; secondary batteries, alkaline, nickel-iron, nickel-cadmium, silver-zinc, sealed lead-acid, zinc-air, nickel-metal hydride secondary, lithium- manganese dioxide, lithium-silver chromate, lit- hium-lead bismuthate. FRIWO, Nickel-cadmium.

Israel

Tadiron Israel Electronics Industries Ltd, Derech Hashalon, Tel Aviv 6100 Primary batteries, carbon-zinc Leclanchr, mag- nesium types, lithium types, silver oxide-zinc; secondary batteries, nickel-cadmium, silver-zinc, silver-cadmium, sealed lead-acid.

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Suppliers of primary and secondary batteries

Italy

Duracell Italia Technical Division, Via Arrivabene 14, 20158 Milan Primary batteries, mercury-zinc, silver-zinc, lith- ium solid electrolyte types. FAR, Fabbriche Accumulatori Riunite, Stabilimento Tudor, Via Martiri della Liberta 20, Milan 20066 Secondary batteries, nickel-cadmium. Nife Italia SpA, Viale Cembrano 11, Casella Postale 1283, 16148 Genoa Alkaline, nickel-cadmium. Varta SpA, Via Tertulliano 70, 20137 Milan Primary batteries, zinc-alkaline manganese dioxide, mercury-zinc, carbon-zinc Leclanch6, mag- nesium types, lithium types, silver oxide-zinc, zinc chloride Leclanch6, zinc-air; secondary batteries, alkaline, nickel-iron, nickel-cadmium, silver-zinc, silver-cadmium.

Japan

Electrochemical Industries, lithium-sulphur dioxide. Fuji Electrochemical Co. Ltd, lithium-manganese dioxide. Hitachi Maxell Ltd, lithium-manganese dioxide, lithium-sulphur dioxide. Japan Storage Battery Co, lead-acid, Nickel- cadmium. Matsushita Co., lithium-carbon monofluoride, lithium-manganese dioxide, nickel-metal hydride secondary. Maxell Co., Nickel-cadmium. Panasonic, mercury-zinc, zinc-air, lithium-carbon monofluoride, nickel-cadmium, nickel-metal hydride secondary. Sanyo Battery Co., lithium-copper oxide, lithium- manganese dioxide, nickel-metal hydride sec- ondary. Seiko Co., nickel-cadmium. Shinkobe Electric Machine Co. Ltd, PO Box 218, Mitsui Building, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 160 Secondary batteries, nickel-cadmium. Sony Energytec Inc., nickel-cadmium, nickel- cadmium. Toshiba Batteries Co., nickel-cadmium, lithium- manganese dioxide, nickel-metal hydride sec- ondary. Toyatakasago Dry Battery Co. Ltd., lithium- manganese dioxide. Varta Batterie AG, Room 810, 8F Shuwa Kioichu, TBR Bldg, No. 7, 5-chome, Kohi-machi, Chiyoda- ku, Tokyo 102 Primary batteries, zinc-alkaline manganese dioxide, mercury-zinc, carbon-zinc Leclanch6, magnesium types, lithium types, silver oxide-zinc, zinc chloride Leclanch6, zinc-air.

Yuasa Battery Co. Ltd, 6-6 Josai-cho, Takatsukishi, Osaka-fu 569; also International Division, 12-112 Chome, Higashi-Shinbashi Minako-ku, Tokyo 105 Primary batteries, carbon-zinc Leclanch6, sil- ver oxide-zinc; secondary batteries, nickel-iron, nickel-cadmium, silver-zinc, silver-cadmium, sealed lead-acid, Sodium-sulphur, lithium- manganese dioxide.

Kenya

Chloride Exide Kenya Ltd, PO Box 14242, Nairobi Primary batteries, zinc-alkaline manganese dioxide; secondary batteries, nickel-cadmium.

Korea

Tadiran Ltd Lithium-sulphur dioxide. Young Poong Corporation Zinc-manganese dioxide.

Mexico

Varta SA, Apartado Postal 7355, Mexico IDF, Mexico

9DF

Primary batteries, zinc-alkaline manganese dioxide, mercury-zinc, carbon-zinc Leclanche, magnesium types, lithium types, silver oxide-zinc chloride Leclanche, zinc-air.

The Netherlands

Accumulatorefabriek Varta NV, Molensingel 19, Venlo Primary batteries, zinc-alkaline manganese dioxide, mercury-zinc, carbon-zinc Leclanch6, magnesium types, lithium types, silver oxide-zinc, zinc chloride Leclanch6, zinc-air; secondary batteries, alkaline, nickel-iron, nickel-cadmium, silver-zinc, sealed lead-acid. Bataafsche Accufabriek BV, Bovendijk 317, Post-bus 10 125, Rotterdam 3004 Primary batteries, zinc-alkaline manganese dioxide, mercury-zinc, carbon-zinc Leclanch6, magnesium types, lithium types, silver oxide-zinc, zinc chloride Leclanch6, zinc-air. Chloride Batterijen BV, Postbus 117, Produktie-straat, Vlaardigen Primary batteries, zinc-alkaline manganese dioxide; secondary batteries, nickel-cadmium, lead-acid. Philips USFA BV Lithium-sulphur dioxide.

New Zealand

Chloride Batteries New Zealand Ltd, PO Box No. 36- 026, Morewa Primary batteries, zinc-alkaline manganese dioxide; secondary batteries, nickel-cadmium.

Suppliers of primary and secondary batteries

5

Norway

Norsk Chloride MS,

Ostre Aker vei 203, Oslo 9,

Norway Primary batteries, zinc-alkaline manganese; sec- ondary batteries, lead-acid, nickel-cadmium.

Portugal

Accumuladores Autosil SARL, Avenida 24 de Julho 26-B, Lisbon Secondary batteries, alkaline.

South Africa

Raylite Battery Pty Ltd, Cor Apex and Detroit Streets, Apex Ind. Sites, PO Box 166, Benoni 1500, Transvaal Secondary batteries, nickel-iron, nickel-cadmium.

Spain

Nife Espana SA, Hermosilla IIF, Madrid 9 Secondary batteries, nickel-cadmium.

Sweden

Nordiska Akkumulatorfabriker, NOACK AB, Kom- mendorsgatan 16, Box 5317, S-10246 Stockholm Primary batteries, zinc-alkaline manganese dioxide, mercury-zinc, carbon-zinc Leclanchr, magnesium types, lithium types, silver oxide-zinc, zinc chloride Leclanchr, zinc-air. Nife Jungner AB, 5572 01 Oskarshamm Secondary batteries, alkaline. Chloride Branza A13, Lautvornsgaten 8, Box 260, 651 07, Karlstad Primary batteries, zinc-alkaline manganese dioxide; secondary batteries, lead-acid, nickel-cadmium.

Switzerland

Renata SA, Switzerland lithium-manganese dioxide, nickel-cadmium; Leclanche SA, 48 Avenue de Grandson, Yverdon, Switzerland Thermal cells.

United Kingdom

Chloride Batteries, Box 5, Clifton Junction, Swinton, Manchester M27 2LR Secondary batteries, alkaline, nickel-cadmium, lead-acid. Crompton Parkinson Ltd Lead-acid, mercury-zinc, lithium-sulphur dioxide, mercury-indium bismith.

Duracell UK Technical Division, Duracell House, Gatwick Road, Crawley RH 10 2PA Primary batteries, mercury- zinc, silver- zinc, lithium solid electrolyte types, nickel-cadmium, lithium-sulphur dioxide, lithium-manganese diox- ide, zinc-air. See also Duracell (US) Ever Ready Holdings Ltd (Berec), Ever Ready House, 1255 High Road, Whetstone, London N20 0EJ; also Ever Ready House, Wishart Street, Glasgow El; Ever Ready House, Dewhurst Street, Manchester 8; Ever Ready House, Coneygree Industrial Estate, Burntree, Tipton, Staffs.; Ever Ready House, Nar- roways Road, Bristol 2; Ever Ready House, Sta- tion Approach, North Coulsdon, Surrey; Ever Ready Co. (Holdings) Ltd, Central Laboratories, St Ann's Road, London N 15 3TJ Primary batteries, zinc-alkaline manganese dioxide, mercury-zinc, carbon-zinc Leclanchr, zinc-air, nickel-cadmium, lithium-manganese dioxide Gamela Batteries Ltd, Chequers Lane, Dagenham, Essex RM9 6PX Primary batteries, zinc-alkaline manganese dioxide. General Electric Company (Chloride Gates) fully sealed lead-acid. Gould UK zinc-air. Hawker Siddeley Electric Export Ltd, PO Box 72, Crompton House, Aldwych, London WC2B 4JH; also Crompton-Parkinson Vidor Works, River Drive, South Shields, Tyne and Wear NE33 2TR; 32 Duke Street, London SW1 Primary batteries, zinc-alkaline manganese dioxide, carbon-zinc Leclanchr. Radenite Batteries Ltd, 21 Bayton Road, Exhall, Coventry CV7 9EL, UK Secondary batteries, lead-acid. McMurdo Instrument Co. Ltd, Rodney Road, Portsmouth PO4 8SS Primary batteries, silver oxide- zinc seawater batteries, copper-type seawater batteries. Mallory Batteries Ltd, Gatwick Road, Crawley RH10

2PA

Primary batteries, zinc-alkaline manganese dioxide, mercury-zinc, carbon-zinc Leclanch6, magnesium types, lithium types, silver oxide-zinc; secondary batteries, alkaline, nickel-iron, mercury-cadmium. Mine Safety Appliances Co. Ltd, Blairtummock Road, Queenlie Industrial Estate, Glasgow G33 4BT. Primary batteries, thermal batteries, lithium-iodine. Power Conversion Ltd lithium-sulphur dioxide. Ray-o-Vac International Corporation, Westminster House, 97 St Mary Street, Cardiff Primary batteries, carbon-zinc. Sogea (SAFT) Batteries Ltd, Castle Works, Station Road, Hampton, Middlesex Primary batteries, zinc-alkaline manganese dioxide, carbon-zinc Leclanchr, lithium types (lithium-lead bismuthate, lithium-silver chromate): secondary

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Suppliersof primary and secondary batteries

batteries, nickel-hydrogen, lead-acid thermal cells. See also SAFT (US) and SAFT (France). Varta Battery Co. see Varta USA. Varta Batteries Ltd, Varta House, Hanger Lane, Ealing, London W5 1EH; also Hermitage Street, Crewkerne, Somerset TA18 8EY Primary batteries, zinc-alkaline manganese dioxide, mercury-zinc, carbon-zinc Leclanch6, magnesium types, lithium types, silver oxide-zinc, zinc chloride Leclanch6, zinc-air; secondary batteries, sealed lead-acid, sealed nickel-cadmium.

United States

ACR Electronics Inc., 3901 North 29th Avenue, Hollywood 33020, Florida Primary batteries, magnesium types, copper types. Activair Corp Zinc-air. Atlantic Battery Corporation Inc., 80-86 Elm Street, PO Box No. 172, Watertown 02172, Massachusetts Secondary batteries, nickel-cadmium. Atlas Corporation lithium-thionyl Chloride. Battery Engineering Company lithium-sulphur dioxide Battery Service Co., 6500 N 91st Plaza, Omaha 68122, Nebraska Secondary batteries, nickel-cadmium. Bright Star Industries, 600 Getty Avenue, Clifton 07015, New Jersey Primary batteries, carbon-zinc Leclanch6; sec- ondary batteries, nickel-iron. Burgess Inc., Freepost 61032, Illinois Primary batteries, zinc-alkaline manganese dioxide, mercury-zinc, carbon-zinc Leclanch6. Catalyst Research Corporation, 1421 Clark View Road, Baltimore 21209, Maryland Primary batteries, lithium-iodine, silver oxide- zinc, thermal batteries. Chloride Inc., 7 Mallard Lane, North Haven 06473, Connecticut Primary batteries, zinc-alkaline manganese dioxide. Chloride of Silver Drycell Battery Co., 500-504 North Paca Street, Baltimore 21201, Maryland Primary batteries, silver oxide-zinc. Chloride Systems, PO Box 484, 118 Quinnipiac Avenue, North Haven 06473, Connecticut Secondary batteries, nickel-cadmium. CITE Power Systems Lithium-thionyl chloride. Development Associates, 110 Whitcomb Avenue, Madison Heights, Michigan 48071 Secondary batteries, zinc-chlorine. Dual Life, Inc., Simm Lane, PO Box 468, Newtown 06470, Connecticut Secondary batteries, nickel-cadmium. Duracell International, Inc., Lithium Systems Division, 175 Clearbrook Road, Elmsford 10523, New York

Primary batteries, mercury-zinc, silver-zinc, lithium solid electrolyte types; secondary nickel- metal hydride. See also Duracell (UK). Eagle Picher, Inc., 580 Walnut Street, Cincinnati 45202, Ohio; also Eagle Picher Electronics Division, PO Boc 47'C' and Porter Street, Joplin 64801, Missouri. Primary batteries, magnesium perchlorate-man- ganese dioxide remote or manually activated types, remotely activated silver-zinc, silver-seawater batteries, copper-seawater types; silver-cadmium, nickel-zinc, zinc-air types.

Also

Product Manager

Nickel-hydrogen

R. Repplinger

Nickel-metal hydride Nickel-iron Silver-hydrogen Silver-metal hydride Silver-iron Sodium-nickel chloride Sodium-sulphur Sodium-nickel-cadmium

R. Farmer

Water-activated types Silver-zinc

D. Spencer

Reserve lithium-thionyl chloride Thermal types Lithium-carbon monofluoride

R. Higgins

Maintenance-free and sealed lead-acid Rechargeable secondary lithium systems (incl. lithium-iron disulphide and lithium-molybdenum disulphide) Primary lithium-thionyl chloride (also lithium-iron disulphide, lithium-copper oxide, lithium-sulphur dioxide, lithium-vanadium pentoxide, lithium-manganese dioxide, lithium-lead bismuthate, lithium-silver chromate)

M. Jost

Edison Batteries, Inc. zinc-air. Eveready Batteries Nickel-cadmium, mercury- zinc, lithium- sulphur dioxide, lithium-thionylchloride, lithium-iron di- sulphide, zinc-air. Ford Motor Co., PO Box 600, Wixo, Michigan 48096 Secondary batteries, lead-acid. Gates Aerospace Industries, Gainsville Nickel-hydrogen. General Electric Corporation, PO Box 992, Gainesville 32601, Florida Secondary batteries, nickel-cadmium, sealed lead- acid, sodium-sulphur. Gould, Inc., Portable Battery Division, 931 Vandalia Street, St Paul 55114, Minnesota Secondary batteries, Nickel-cadmium, zinc-air.

Suppliers of primary and secondary batteries

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Hawaiian Pacific Battery Corporation, 250N Clark Avenue, Pomona 91767, California also Hawai- ian Pacific Battery Corporation, 1803 Kahai Street, Honolulu 96819, Hawaii Primary batteries, zinc-alkaline manganese dioxide, mercury-zinc Leclanch6, magnesium types; sec- ondary batteries, nickel-cadmium. Honeywell, Inc., Power Resources Centre, 104 Rock Road, Horsham 19044, Pennsylvania Primary batteries, lithium-sulphur dioxide, lithium thionyl chloride, lithium-vanadium pentoxide. Hughes Aerospace Corp., EC Sefundo, USA Nickel-hydrogen. Mallory Battery Corporation, South Broadway and Sunnyside Lane, Tarrytown 10591, New York Primary batteries, zinc-alkaline manganese dioxide, carbon-zinc Leclanchr, magnesium types, lithium types, silver oxide-zinc. Marathon Battery Co., PO Box 8233, Waco, Texas Secondary batteries, nickel-cadmium McGraw Edison Corporation, Edison Battery Division, PO Box 28, Bloomfield 07003, New Jersey Primary batteries, zinc-air; secondary batteries, nickel-iron, nickel-cadmium, zinc-air. Medronics Ltd Lithium-iodine. Molecular Energy Corporation, 132T Floral Avenue, Murray Hill 07074, New Jersey Secondary batteries, silver-zinc, silver-cadmium. Moli Engineering Ltd, Lithium-molybdenum disulphide secondary. Nife, Inc., PO Box 100, George Washington Highway, Lincoln 02865, Rhode Island Secondary batteries, alkaline, nickel-cadmium. Ovonic Battery Co., 280 Midland Avenue, Saddle- brook, New Jersey Lithium-sulphur dioxide, thermal cells. Rayovac Corporation Nickel-cadmium, lithium-manganese dioxide, mercury-zinc, zinc-air. SAFT Corporation of America, 50 Rockefeller Plaza, New York 10020, New York; also, 107 Beaver Court, Lockeysville, Maryland Primary batteries, zinc- alkaline, zinc- alkaline manganese dioxide, carbon-zinc Leclanchr, lithium types (lithium-lead bismuthate, lithium-silver chromate); secondary batteries, nickel-cadmium, lithium-copper oxyphosphate, lithium-thionyl chloride, zinc-air, thermal-cells, water-activated batteries. See also SAFT (UK) and SAFT (France). Shigoto Industries, Inc., 350 Fifth Avenue, New York 10000, New York Primary batteries, zinc-alkaline manganese dioxide, mercury-zinc, carbon-zinc, Lrclanche, magnesium types, copper types; secondary batteries, nickel- cadmium, silver-zinc.

Sonatone Corporation Batery Division, Saw Mill River Road, Elmsford 10524, New York Secondary batteries, nickel-cadmium. Southern California Edison Lead-acid (load levelling). Union Carbide Corporation Consumer Products, 270 Park Avenue, New York 10017, New York Secondary batteries, nickel-cadmium, silver-oxide, sodium-nickel chloride secondary. Union Carbide, Inc., 270 Park Avenue, New York 10017, New York Primary batteries, zinc-alkaline manganese dioxide, mercury-zinc, carbon-zinc Leclanchr, silver oxide-zinc, zinc chloride Leclanchr; secondary bat- teries, alkaline, nickel-cadmium, nickel metal- hydride secondary. Varta Batteries, Inc., 85 Executive Boulevard, Cross Westchester Executive Park, Elmsford 10523, New York Primary batteries, zinc-alkaline manganese dioxide, mercury-zinc, carbon-zinc Leclanchr, magnesium types, zinc chloride Leclanchr; secondary batteries, alkaline, nickel-iron, nickel-cadmium, silver-zinc, sealed lead-acid. Ventrne Technology Lithium-iron disulphide W. R. Grace & Co., 7379 Route 32, Columbia, Mary- land 21044 Battery separator manufacturers. Wilson Greatback Lithium iodine. Wisco Division ESB, Inc., 1222 18th Street, Racine 53493, Wisconsin Secondary batteries, silver-zinc, lead chloride, cuprous chloride. Yardney Electric Corporation, 82 Mechanic Street, Pawcatuck 02891, Connecticut. Primary batteries, magnesium types, lithium types; secondary batteries, silver-zinc, silver-cadmium, lithium-thionyl chloride, lithium-sulphur dioxide, nickel-zinc. Yardney Electric Corporation, Power Sources Divi- sion, 3850 Olive Street, Denver 80207, Colorado Secondary batteries, nickel-hydrogen, silver-zinc, silver-cadmium, nickel-zinc.

Yugoslavia

Jugometal, Deligradska 28/IX, Belgrade 11001 Secondary batteries, nickel-cadmium.

Zambia

Chloride Zambia, PO Box 1892, Kitwe Primary batteries, zinc-alkaline manganese dioxide; secondary batteries, nickel-cadmium.

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Suppliers of primary and secondary batteries

Suppliers of experimental and prototype development batteries

1. Zinc-chlorine secondary batteries (under develop- ment) Energy Development Associates US

2. Aluminium-air secondary batteries (under devel- opment) Eltech Corporation US Alupower Chloride Ltd US Alcan Aluminium Ltd US

3. Nickel-hydrogen secondary batteries (still under development, limited use in satellites) Eagle Picher, Inc., Joplin Missouri, US Huges Aerospace Corp., E1 Sefundo, US Gates Aerospace Industries, Gainsville, US Whittaker Yardney, Pawcatuck US Airforce Hughes, US

4. Silver-hydrogen secondary batteries Eagle Picher, Inc., Joplin, Missouri, US

5. Lithium V60~3 solid state battery Harwell Laboratories, UK

6. Iron-air secondary batteries Matsushita Battery Engineering Co., Japan (avail- able?) Swedish National Development Co., Sweden (available?) Siemens, Germany (under development) Westinghouse Corporation, US (under develop- ment)

7. Zinc-air secondary battery (under development) CGE, France (under development) AER Energy Resources, US (under development) Electric Fuel Ltd, Israel (under development)

8. Zinc-nickel oxide secondary batteries. Yuasa, Japan (under development) CGE, France (prototype) AER Energy Resources, US (prototype) Electric Fuel Ltd, Israel (prototype)

9. y-alumina-lithium iodide primary solid state bat- teries

P. R. Mallory US (now Duracell, US)

10. Lithium-titanium disulphide secondary solid state

battery

Eveready Battery Co., US (semi-commercial)

P. R. Mallory, US (now Duracell, US-dis-

continued)

11. Lithium-titanium disulphide secondary solid state battery with LiI/LisP4Do.25Si13.75 vitre- ous electrolyte Eveready Battery Co., US (semi-commercial)

12. Nickel-Zinc Prototype electric vehicles Yuasa Battery Co. Ltd,

Josai-cho, Takatsukishi, Osaka-fy 569, Tokyo AER Energy Resources, US Electric Fuel Ltd, Israel

13. Aluminium-air Electric vehicle development Eltech Corporation, US

14. Sodium-sulphur Electric vehicle development Eagle Picher, Inc., Joplin, Missouri, US Westinghouse Corporation, US General Electric Corporation, PO Box 992, Gainsville, US Ford Motor Co. PO Box 6000, Wixon, Michigan, US Chloride Silent Power, Clifton Junction, Swinton, Manchester, UK

15. Lithium- aluminium- iron sulphide secondary type batteries Westinghouse Corporation, Oceanic Division, Chardon, Ohio, US Rockwell International Ltd. Eagle Picher, Inc., Joplin, Missouri, US Gould Inc. (Westinghouse Oceanic Division, Chardon, Ohio, US) SAFT, Cockeysville, Mary- land, US

Batteries under development for electric vehicle propulsion

16. Zinc-bromine Exxon Research and Development Company, US Gould, Inc., US Johnson Controls Ltd, Inc., US Meidinsha Electric Company, Japan SEA GmbH, Austria

17. Lithium (LiV2Os) solid state batteries Harwell Laboratories, UK

18. Nickel-metal hydride Ovonic Battery Co. Panasonic, Japan Union Carbide, US SAFT, France

19. Zinc- air CGE, France A.E.R Energy Resources, US Electric Fuel Ltd, Israel

20. Iron-air Matsushita Battery Engineering Co., Japan Swedish National Development Co., Sweden Siemens, Germany Westinghouse Corporation, US

21. Sodium-nickel chloride Eagle picher US