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# Arq.

formfour

LQO, 29/04/08
1

59963355

## 1 - FRMULAS DE SNTESE PARA SINAIS s(t) REAIS,

PERIDICOS, DE PERODO T0:
a) Forma exponencial complexa:
s (t ) =

j k 0 t

ck e

k =

, 0=

2
T0

s(t ) = A0 +

cos( k 0 t + k )

k =1

s(t ) = a0 +

k =1

## 2 - FRMULAS DE ANLISE PARA SINAIS REAIS:

ck =

1
T0

jk

2
T0

j k0t

T0

s (t ) e

k = 0,1, 2,L

j k0t

ak =

2
T0

s(t ) cos( k 0 t ) d t

bk =

2
T0

s(t ) sen(k 0 t ) dt

T0

T0

dt

c k = c k*

A k .e

s (t ) e

dt

k = 0,1, 2,L

, k = 0,1, 2,L

Arq. formfour

LQO, 29/04/08
2

## 3 - RELAES ENTRE COEFICIENTES DE FOURIER

PARA SINAIS REAIS:

A0 =c 0
A k = 2. c k

, k = 1, 2,L

k = arg c k

c 0 = A0
ck =

1
Ak e
2

j k

, k = 1, 2,L

## c) Forma complexa forma retangular:

a 0 = c0
a k = c k + c k

,
k = 1, 2, L

b k = j . ( ck c k )

c0 = a0
ck =

1
(ak j bk )
2
k = 1, 2, 3,L

c k =

1
( a k + j bk )
2

Arq. formfour

LQO, 29/04/08
3

a 0 = A0
a k = Ak cos k
b k = Ak sen k

k =1, 2,L

## f) Forma retangular forma polar:

A 0 = a0
A k = a k2 + b k2

k = arctan

bk

ak

k =1, 2,L

4 - ALGUNS ESPECTROS:
- Seqncia impulsiva peridica:
s(t)

-T0

A
T0

A (t k T 0 )

s (t ) =

k =

A
2T0

A
s (t ) =
1+ 2 cos(k 0 t )
T0
k =1

ck = A/T0

s(t)
A

( 1)k +1
s(t ) =
cos (2k 1) 0 t
k
t
= 1 2k 1
4A

T0

ck = 2 A.

sen(k / 2)
k

, k = 1, 2, 3, ...

Arq. formfour

LQO, 29/04/08
4

- Onda retangular:
s(t)

T0

ck = A

A
s( t ) =
T0

T0

sen( k

T0

8A

1
k
sen
. sen( k 0 t )
2
2 k =1, 3, 5, ... k 2

- Dente de serra:
s(t)
A

-T0

T0

sen( k / T0 )
1
+
2
.
cos(
k

t
)

k / T
0

k =1
0

-A

s (t ) =

T0

k / T0

## - Onda triangular sem componente contnuo:

s(t)
A
0

Arq. formfour

LQO, 29/04/08
5

s (t ) =

A A

k =1

1
sen(k 0 t )
k

- Retificao meia-onda:
s(t)
A

5
s6( t )
0
-T0

0
t

T0
2

2 A 1
( 1)k 1
+
+
s (t ) =
cos(

t
)
cos(
2
k

t
)

0
0
2
2 4
k = 1 4k 1

s)(t)
A

5
s7( t )
0
2

T0 /2
1

0
0
t

T0 /2
1

t
2

4 A 1 ( 1)k 1
s (t ) =
+
.
cos(
2
k

t
)

0
2
2 k
= 1 4k 1