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Industrial Revolution Study Guide

Inventions
Thomas SaverySteam engine
Locomotive improved transportation in the U.S.

Thomas Newcomen- improved Savery's design of the steam engine


Eli WhitneyCotton gin/ Interchangeable parts
Increased slavery in the south

Thomas Edison- lightbulb


Alexander Graham Bell- Telephone
Impacts of the Industrial Revolution on industrialized countries
Rise of inequality- negative impact
Improved transportation
Urbanization
Environmental pollution- negative impact
Increased education
Growth of the middle class
The rise of labor unions
Definition- a group of workers who gather together to support each other
To increase wages and improve working conditions:

Strikes

Picketing

Boycotts

Laws to improve the lives of workers, including women and children ( paid
less)

Parliament restricted the amount of hours children could work

Where not liked by factory owners


Working conditions

Dirty

Un-safe

Little light

Causes
Abundant coal and iron ore in England

Started in England then spread westward and on to U.S

Development of factories- child labor


Boom in textile industry
Cottage Industry fell