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Pershing able First Els cut up by Troy Darr Pmhing Cable Sraff Writer The firsr

Pershing

able

First Els cut up

by Troy Darr Pmhing Cable Sraff Writer

The firsr nine Pershing JI ere.:tor launchers (Els) were destroyed at the Equipment Maintenance Centt·r H•usen in Frankfurt on October 18 and 19. The ELs, which were moved out of Camp Redleg on September 1, belonged 10 Bravo Battery, 4th Bat- talion, 9th Field Anillery, which was inactivated on September 30. The Els were destroyed in accordance with the procedures outlined in the Intermediate-Range Nu- dear Forces Treacy, and procedures were witnessed by 10 Soviet inspectors. First, the erector launcher mechanism, which is the pan of the EL that lifts the missile, was sepamed from the launcher chassis, according to a command G-4 Pershing Missile Maintenance Staff office (MSO) repres:entative.

The work crew then dismantled and destroyed the running gear. Three cuts were made in the running gear, one in front and two in the rear. The plates were then removed from the jacks so the jacks could not be remounted. The jacks are responsible for leve- ling the launching platform, which makes it possible 10 fire a missile. The t,vo erector booms were then cut in two loca- tions ,hat were not assembly joints. The booms were cut in to pieces of approximately equal siies. "The erection booms, even if repaired, would never have the strength to lifr rhe weight of a missile

again," said Maj. Gerard Han, 56th Field Artillery Command public affairs officer. The right boom actuator was also cut into two

the hydr:oulic

fluid that provides the pressure to erect the missiles.

Next, the missile launch suppon equipment, in- cluding external instrumentation compartments, were removed from the chassis.

The last area 10 be worked on was the frame. A cut was made the width of the frame, one-third of the way back from the front end. "Even if the frame was welded back together it would never withstand the stress it received while moving," stated Hart. After destruction, the Els will be sold for scrap metal with the guarantee that they will be further de- stroyed by the purchasing company. • All the steps taken will make the launcher im- possible to put back together. The actions 1aken 10 insure the destruction of the ELs were agreed upon by both panics of the INF treaty," Hart said. The 10 cuts each launcher received were done in under 15 minutes with a plasma-cutting torch.

pieces. The boom actuator contains

Plasma cutting combines the technologies of gas and arc welding. Electricity is used to concentrate the plasma flow to a very narrow stream and forces it thru a small orifice at high speed. The nine erector launchers destroyed this month were only the first of many that will be destroyed during the next three ye:ars.

of many that will be destroyed during the next three ye:ars. u.L """r- Polntlll9 to• Penihlng

u.L """r-

Polntlll9 to• Penihlng II Erector Launcher, SSgt. Ricardo Roop, Missile Maintenance NCO, Charlie Battery, 2nd Battalion, 9th Field Artillery, shows the preH on Media Day where the cuts will be made In accordance with the

Intermediate Range Nuci

,

Forcea Tre1ty.

\\)1.27, No.2

the Intermediate Range Nuci , Forcea Tre1ty. \\)1.27, No.2 Update F. Y. I. Promo points Some

Update F. Y. I.

Promo points

Some 56th Field Artillery Command soldiers will soon lose promotion paints previously earned for the Primary Leadership Development Course and related leadership courses because of a new Noncommissioned Officer Education System po- licy that will require E-4s to be graduates of PLDC to be eligible for promotion to sergeant.

Although the new policy will not take effect un- til Oct. 1, 1989, soldiers will be affected by it in early 1989, according to officials in the office of the Deputy Chief of Staff for Personnel. Beginnin~ with the February promotion point recomputauon for E-4s, and the May l 989 pro- motion point rccomputation for E-5s, points will no longer be awarded for the Primary Leadership Course, the Primary Leadership Development Course, the Primary Noncommissioned Officer's Course or other NCO Academy courses except

the

(ARNEWS)

Basic

Noncommissioned

Officers

Cou rse.

Policy clarlfled

The Inspector General of the 56th Field Artil- lery Command writes, "There is a perception held and practiced by a majority of Army personnel that needs to be corrected. The next time you are outdoors during the evening retreat ceremony' observe the rosition taken by individuals during the playing o retreat which preceeds the playing of 'To The Colors". The majority of individuals not in formation are standing at parade rest - including senior officers and NCOs. If you'll check Appendix A, AR 600-25, you'll find that when not in formation, the proper position is attention, and of course, you re- ma.in at attention during the playing of 'To The Colors' and render the salute. This may seem minor, but it actually reflects a lack of knowledge and education. Surely as a pro- fessional you want to do things the right way.·

Bank changes

The Department of D efense and its community banks arc putting an end to free delivery of can- celed checks, st.aning early next year. February bank statements will be the last to in- clude cancelled checks, and staning in March, a 1 fee will be assessed for each old clicck a customer asks the bank to photocopy. A new DOD program called "check safekeep- ing" will be implemented first in Germany and later will go to other parts of the globe where US military personnel serve. To make check safekeeping work, customer checks will be microfilmed ,n duplicate and stored in locations in Frankfun and the United States. Originals will be kept for 90 days and all micro- filmed copies will be kept a minimum of seven years.

4

Per,hing Cabla

November 1988

Pershing celebrates 25 ye

Per,hing Cabla November 1988 Pershing celebrates 25 ye U.1.-- Re-placlng the old reliable Redstone System, the

U.1.--

Re-placlng the old reliable Redstone System, the Per&hlng I, Introduced to Europe In 1964, Increased range and rellabltlty.

by Gerard J. Hart Public Affairs Officer

Pershing has been pan of the Army in,·entory for over 25 years and in Europe in one of its models since 1964. The evolution of the Pershing missile system and the 56th Field Artillery Command arc so significantly inter· t,vined that discussion of one without the other is llmost impossible. The original Pershing missile was concci,·cd in 1957 by the Advanced Bal- listic Missile Agency. That agency's in- tent was to replace the aging "Old Re- liable" Redstone missile. The ABMA wanted a design which was smaller than the Redstone but with a greater r.tnge and increased reliability.

1958: In the Beginning

In March 1958, the Army Missile Command awarded the Orlando Divi- sion of Martin Marietta a contract for the development of a mobile missile system. The specifications for the new Pershing system called for a 400 mile range, twice that of the Redstone, but

also required the system 10 be one-sixth the weight and one-half the heigh!. The Pershing design moved quickly from the drawing board to the test range. The first launch of a Pershing missile occurred at C ape Canaveral,

Flo rida

months after the award of the Marrin Marietta contract. The firs, tactical equipment was de- livered to the Army in October, 1962. A, this time the Pershing missile sys- tem's mobility was dependent upon the M -474 tracked vehicle, built upon the chassis of an M-113 armored personnel carrier. The first Pershing battalion wa~ the 2nd Battalion, 44th Field Artillerv, commanded by Lt. Col. Patrick W. p;. wen. Their training in the system had started nine months earlier, but the ac- tual battalion activation took place in March, 1963.

on February 25, 1960 - 22

After off-post training, the 2-H FA became the 1st Battalion, 41st Field Ar- tillery, trained and equipped at Fort Sill.

1963: Arrival In Germany

FA

moved to Wingate N . M. for its first ac- tual Pershing firing. On its return 10 Ft. Sill, the battalion was redesignated 4th Battalion, 41st Field Artillery and as- signed to 7th Army in Germany. Its ad- vance parry left for Germany on March 11 , 1964, from CharleSto n Air Force Base, SC, while the main pany left New York harbo r aboard the USS Buckner, arriving at Bremerhaven on April 11 ,

1964. The main body soon linked up

By

Oct ober,

1963,

the

1-41

Lee Barracks in Mainz. In 1968, the l-81 FA moved 10 Neu-Ulm, still home today, to the Ist Battalion 9th Field Ar- tillery.

to

Europe with the Pershing system was the 3rd Battalion, 84th Field Artillery. Like many other units, the 84th FA had a long history of activations and inacti- vations, but iu most recent incarnation as a Pershing battalion occurred on July 4, 1964. 3-84 FA personnel went through several months of equipping .tnd training at Ft. Sill in preparation for its deployment to Europe. The unit's advance elements depaned for Europe in April, 1965. The main body followed and arrived in May. The 3-84 FA was

The

third

battalion

10

deploy

I . to the field army. Because of the in- creased requirements of this mission, the Army beg.tn an upgrade of Pershing 1. At the same time, the Army autho- rized an increase in the number of launchers in each battalion from four to

36.

In order 10 increase the system's abil-

ity to move, shoot, and communicate os pan of the QRA mission, the Army awarded a contract in January, 1966, to Martin Marietta Aerospace to explore development of new ground support equipment system for Pershing. This new ground support equipment became the upgrade from Persh,ng I 10 Per- shing 1-A with the production contract being awarded to Manin Marietta in November, 1967. The most noticeable change was the

introduction of wheeled veh icles to re-

place the M-474 tracked vehicle family. The wh eeled e rector la u ncher w >< faster in the missile erection procedure and more reliable than its tracked pre-

decessor.

1969: First Pl-As

The first shipment of Pershing I-A equipment arrived in Bremerhaven on August 13, 1969. In ceremonies con- ducted on Spetember 2&, the 1-41 FA commander, Lt. Col. Thom as E. de

Artillery

Shazo,

Group commander, Col. James E. Con- way, received the keys for the nev.· eq uipment. Persh in g I - A. h ad a rrived in

Schwabi~,·h Gmiin,!. October I. 1969, marked the effective implementation date of Pershing I- A capability for 3-84 FA in Neckarsulm.

and

the

56th

F ield

.,~/ - , ~~-- ~~ · ~
.,~/
-
, ~~--
~~
·
~

u.a.,-.,"'°'°

TIie moat notlclable change to the Pershing sy1tem wu the replacement of tracked launcher• with IHter, more reliable wheeled erector launchers. The Pershing IA, however, still required the 1upport of a large "land train".

with its advance pany at Hardt Kaseme in Schwiib isch Gmiind, where the l--41 FA (the final unit designation after sev-

eral

Kasernc

with the 56th Field Anillery Group. The next Pershing battalion to arrive in Germany was the \st Battalion, 81st Field Artillery. The 1-81 FA had a long history, which included assignments with the old Honest John and Corporal missile systems. On April 15, 1963, 1-81 FA was reactivated at Ft. Sill and

became part of the Pershing missile highest level of combat readiness and be quaners Battery.

portion of each

assigned 10 the 56th Field Artillery Group and took up its quaners at Ar· tillery Kaseme in Neckarsulm.

1965: Quick Reaction Alert

In 1965 Pershing units assumed an additional role in support of the nuclear

The unit began the neccessary upgrade in personnel and equipment to increase the battalion's combat capability. On September \ 8, [ 970, the 5oth

which did not

Field Artillery Group,

have a historical relationship with the new brigade, became the 56th Field Ar-

tillery Brigade. The new 56th FA Bri-

changes)

shared

Hardt

deterrence missfon of NATO. The gade demonstrated the importance of three units were given the mission of the Pershing system and gave it a com-

Quick Reaction Alert which required a

unit to maintain

the

mand and control capa bility with the creation of the Headquarters and Head-

prepared to fulfill its wartime mission in

in October, 1963 and was first garri- the minimum amount of time. This

QRA mission was in addition to its ba- sic mission of providing nuclear support

team. The 1-81 FA deployed to Europe

soncd at M cCully Barracks in Wackern- heim, while its Service Battery went to

The new brigade commanded the

FA. and 3-84 FA Per-

shing fi ring battalions. The 2nd Batta-

1-41 FA, 1-81

Pef$/ling Cable

November 1988

5

ars of peace, presence

lion, 4th lnfantr)' which h2d been re•c· tivated on Julr 21, 1969, and had a unit lineage dating back to the War of 1812,

"' as part of ,he S6th FA Brigade and

pro,·odcd the infantry dcfcnsi"c support

required. A Headquarters and

Headquarters Battery pro"ided a com- mand and control umbrella as " 'ell as additional communication and logistic support.

1978: Twin Track Agreement

the u nils

In 1978, the North Atlantic Truty

Organi, ation .ukcd the United Sme• to

deploy

Europe 10 counter the deplorment of intermediate ungc. mobile SS-20 nu• clear missiles bv the So"iet Union. Once again, the Pershing system ,vould be upgr~dcd wi th • long term effect o n the S6th field Artillery Brig•dc.

The Pershing II missiles arri,•ed in the Brigade uca eul,v in the morning of No\'cmber 27, 1983. A ground con\'O)' had mowd the missiles from Ramstein AFB to ~lutlangen Mi ssil e Storage Area. Then Lt. Col. Douglas J. Mid- dleton initiated the training and readi- ness program that would successfully

iransition the 1- ~I FA battalion into the first operational Pershing II battalion. The training was intense.

By December 15, the first o pemion•l Pershing II firing bmcry, A Bmery, 1-41 FA, commanded by M•j. Nolan Warson. " 'a< certified as combat ready.

intermediate range missiles in

The older Pershing IA missiles were retrograded as the new Pershings en· tered service. All three batulions of the brigade had achieved operational status by December 1985.

1986: A New Command

On January 17, 1986, the 56th FA Brigade became the S6th Field Artillery Command (Pershing). During the activ- ation ceremony, Brig. Gen. Raymond Haddock, officially mired the brigade colors of the 56th FA Brigade and un- furled the current 56th FA Command colors. The transition from brigode to command was more than a name change in that it recognizcd the increased capa· bilities of the Pershing II system and implemented an organizational muc- ture 10 capitalize on these capabilities. The command structure authorized a signal battalion, the 38th Signal Batta· lion, 10 meet the communication requi- rements of the new command. The old SSth Maintenance Battalion became the 55th Support Battalion to rcnecr the ad- ditional logistic responsibilities pro- vided by the unit. An a,·iation com- pany, the 193rd A,•iation Company, was also added to the command Struc-

ture.

On the same date the artillery batta- lions became affiliated with the 9th Field Artillery Regiment as part of the overall Army Regimental Affiliation Program. The battalion colors for the

1-41 FA

and 3-84 FA Battalion were retired.

Bmalion, 1-8 1 FA Battalion,

1987: INF Treaty

Recognition of the role of the Per- shing Command soldiers and unit acti- vities during the fielding of Pershing II took flace on July I , I 987. During a specia ceremony, the 56th Field Artil- lery Command recei,•cd the Superior Unit Award for outstandingly meritor· ious service during peacetime of a diffi- cult and challenging mission.

The Command's efforts in fielding of the Pershing II system resulted in a stronger NATO alliance and demon- strated the resolve of the United States and its allies in support of their mutual defense. With the signing of the Intermediate Nuclear Forces Agreement on De- cember 8, 1987, subsequent ratification and implcmcntati9n, the S6th FA Com- mand began the compliance actions re· quired by the treaty. The Command had accomplished its mission of maintaining its peacetime combat readiness and supported the o,•erall objectives of the 1978 Twin Tnck Agreement. With the objectives accomplished, the Command concinuu to maintain its readiness until removed from mission

status wh ile retrograding its

and hosting Soviet On-Site Inspection

Teams.

missiles

its and hosting Soviet On-Site Inspection Teams. missiles u.a. AlfflY Pttot o Per shl119 II missiles

u.a. AlfflY Pttoto

Pershl119 II missiles and crews have helped defend Europe s ince 1983. The combat readiness of both the soldiers end ml11llea played an Important role In brlngl119 about the Intermediate Ra nge Nuclear Forces Treaty.

about the Intermediate Ra nge Nuclear Forces Treaty. U, I, A.rmy Photo In 1978, the North

U, I, A.rmy Photo

In 1978, the North Atlantic Treaty Or91nlzatlon asked the United States to deploy Intermediate range mlsalln In Europe to counter the deployment of mobile SS-20 Nuclear Missiles by the Soviet Union.