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# Spm 2005 Paper 3

SPM 2006

## SPM 2006 Paper 3 Q2

YEAR 2005
1 (a) 29,34,40
(b) (i) State two different observations made from Table 1.
1 The temperature of water after burning white bread is 34 C.
2 The temperature of water after burning peanut is 50C
(ii) State two inferences from the observations in (b)(i).
1 White bread burnt and releases low heat energy.
2 Peanut burnt and releases high heat energy
(c) Complete Table 2 based on the experiment that was carried out.
Variables
Particulars to be implemented
Manipulated variable
Responding variable
Temperature changes/energy value of food
sample
Controlled variable
Mass of food sample.
Air movement and temperature surrounding
the experiment

## How to alter the manipulated variable

Use different food sample i.e white bread and
peanut
How to determine the responding variable
Measure and record the increase in
temperature of water by using a thermometer.
Calculate the energy value using the given
formula
How to maintain the controlled variable
Use the same mass of each sample food
Ensure air movement and temperature
surrounding the experiment is the same.

## (d) State the hypothesis for this experiment.

The rise in temperature for peanut is higher than whitebread./
The energy value for the peanut is higher than the whitebread.
(e) (i)
Food sample
Increase in water temperature (C)
Energy value (Jg -1)
5
84.0
Peanut
11
184.8
(ii) Based on the table in (e)(i), state the relationship between the food class and the energy
value of each food sample.
White bread contains carbohydrate. Peanut contains a lot of fat. Hence, peanut has higher energy value than
whitebr
(f) Based on the result of the experiment, what can you deduce about the energy value?
The energy value is the total quantity of heat energy produced when 5g of whitebread is completely burnt in
order to increase the temperature of 20ml of water up to 5C./
The energy value is the total quantity of heat energy produced when 5g of peanut is
completely burnt in order to increase the temperature of 20ml of water up to 11C.
(g) This experiment was repeated using a cashew nut.
Predict the observation and the energy value that will be obtained.
The increment of temperature and energy value of cashew nut is equal to the increment of the peanut. (for the
equal amount of mass)
(h) The picture shows various types of food samples:
Food samples with equivalent energy value as
peanut
Rice
Margarine
Boiled potato
Palm oil
Corn
Cashew nut

2
Problem statement : What is the concentration of sucrose solution that can maintain the mass of plant tissue
i.e potato?
Objective

: To determine the concentration of sucrose solution that can maintain the mass of plant
tissue i.e potato ?

Variables:
( a ) Manipulated : Concentration of sucrose soluton
( b ) Responding : Change in mass of potato cylinder
( c ) Fixed
: Volume of sucrose solution, same immersing time and surrounding
temperature, type of potato
Hypothesis
: The higher the concentration of sucrose solution, the lesser the mass of potato cylinder
Apparatus
: Cork borer, 50ml beaker, measuring cylinder, filter paper, weighing
electronic scales, ruler, knife, stop watch.
Material
: Potato, 0.5%, 5.0%,10.0%,15.0%, 20% and 25.0% of sucrose solution
Technique

To weigh the changes in mass of each potato cylinder by using weighing electronic
scale before and after immersing in different sucrose solution.

Method/procedure
1 A piece of medium size potato is chosen and strips of potato are made with the cork-borer. Twelve strips
of cylinder of 5cm were obtained.
2 Every potato cylinder is dried with filter paper, then weighed to obtain the initial mass.
3 Six beakers are prepared and labelled A, B, C, D, E and F . Every beaker is filled with 20cm3 of 0.5%,
5.0%,10.0%, 15.0%, 20.0% and 25.0% of sucrose solution respectively.
4 Two potato cylinders are placed into each beaker
5 After being immersed for one hour, every potato cylinder is removed, dried with filter paper, then weighed
and measured to obtain the final reading.
6 The results are recorded in a table
7 Plot the graph of concentration of sucrose solution against the mass of the cylinder.
Presentation of data
Concentration of
sucrose solution/%

Beaker

Initial

0.5
5.0
10.0
15.0
20.0
25.0

## Difference mass of cylinder

(g)

Final

A
B
C
D
E
F

Conclusion
Based on the plotted graph, the line which intersects the horizontal-axis (mass-axis) indicates that there is no
change in the mass of the potato cylinders
This proves that the cell sap of potato cylinder is isotonic to the concentration of the sucrose solution at that
particular point.
Planning Experiment :
7-9 ticks = 3 m
4 -6 ticks = 2 m
1-3 ticks = 1 m