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Black Amun (now at the Luxor Museum) 35. When a message is sent in heaven

Black Amun (now at the Luxor Museum)

35. When a message is sent in heaven it is heard in Anu, and is repeated in Hetkaptah to the Beautiful Face. It is done into writing in the letters of Djehuti, and dispatched to the city of Amun with their things. The matters are answered in Newt (Thebes).

Egyptian Yoga Volume II

From The Hymns of Amun

Sema Institute/C.M. Book Publishing P. O .Box 570459 Miami, Florida, 33257 (305) 378-6253 Fax: (305) 378-6253

© 1997-2005 By Reginald Muata Ashby

All rights reserved. No part of this book may be used or reproduced in any manner whatsoever without written permission (address above) except in the case of brief quotations embodied in critical articles and reviews. All inquiries may be addressed to the address above.

The author is available for group lectures and individual counseling. For further information contact the publisher.

Ashby, Muata EGYPTIAN YOGA VOLUME II: Mysteries of Amun and The Supreme Wisdom of Enlightenment ISBN: 1-884564-39-9

Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data

1 Yoga Philosophy2 Ancient Egyptian Philosophy, 3 Eastern Philosophy 4 Esotericism 5 Meditation, 6 Self-Help.

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The Mysteries of Amun And The Supreme Wisdom of Enlightenment

?

Sema Institute of Yoga

Sema (?) is an Ancient Egyptian word and symbol meaning union. The Sema Institute is dedicated to the propagation of the universal teachings of spiritual evolution, which relate to the union of humanity and the union of all things within the universe. It is a non- denominational organization, which recognizes the unifying principles in all spiritual and religious systems of evolution throughout the world. Our primary goals are to provide the wisdom of ancient spiritual teachings in books, courses and other forms of communication. Secondly, to provide expert instruction and training in the various yogic disciplines including Ancient Egyptian Philosophy, Christian Gnosticism, Indian Philosophy and modern science. Thirdly, to promote world peace and Universal Love.

A primary focus of our tradition is to identify and acknowledge the yogic principles within all religions and to relate them to each other in order to promote their deeper understanding. Also our goal is to show the essential unity of purpose and the unity of all- living beings and nature within the whole of existence.

The Institute is open to all who believe in the principles of peace, non-violence and spiritual emancipation regardless of sex, race, or creed.

spiritual emancipation regardless of sex, race, or creed. DEDICATION TO Dja Swamiji And AMUN, the Hidden

DEDICATION

TO

Dja

Swamiji

And

AMUN, the Hidden Self in All

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Egyptian Yoga Volume II

TABLE OF CONTENTS

TABLE OF CONTENTS

4

FOREWORD

6

DR. MUATA ABHAYA ASHBY JANUARY 26, 1998

6

PREFACE

7

Where is the land of Ancient Egypt?

9

THE FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES OF ANCIENT EGYPTIAN RELIGION

14

Summary of Ancient Egyptian Religion

15

“The practice of the Shedy disciplines leads to knowing oneself and the Divine. This is called being True of Speech”

15

The Neterian Great Truths

16

The Spiritual Culture and the Purpose of Life: Shetaut Neter

17

SHETAUT NETER

17

WHO IS NETER IN KAMITAN RELIGION?

18

Sacred Scriptures of Shetaut Neter

18

NETER AND THE NETERU

19

THE NETERU

20

The Neteru and Their Temples

21

The Neteru and Their Interrelationships

22

Listening to the Teachings

23

The Anunian Tradition

24

The Theban Tradition

26

The Goddess Tradition

27

The Aton Tradition

29

Akhnaton, Nefertiti and Daughters

29

THE GENERAL PRINCIPLES OF SHETAUT NETER

30

The Forces of Entropy

31

The Great Awakening of Neterian Religion

32

INTRODUCTION TO EGYPTIAN YOGA

33

The Term “Egyptian Yoga” and The Philosophy Behind It

37

Summary of The Great Truths and the Shedy Paths to their Realization

43

CHAPTER I: WHO IS AMUN?

45

INTRODUCTION

46

THE MYSTICAL CREATION MYTH

50

The Deeper Aspect of Amun

52

The Symbols of Amun

55

The Relationship between Nubia and Egypt

61

The Nubian Gods and Goddesses in the Kamitic Paut

62

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The Mysteries of Amun And The Supreme Wisdom of Enlightenment

The Main Ancient Egyptian Gods and Goddesses

66

CHAPTER II: HESSU AMUN- “THE HYMNS OF AMUN”

68

THE HYMNS OF AMUN

69

CHAPTER III: SHEDI HESSU AMUN

73

“Om” and “Amun” in Ancient Egypt

88

Ritual of the Divine Embrace

112

What is Consciousness?

115

The Cause of Disease

117

TIPS FOR FORMAL MEDITATION PRACTICE

172

THE TRINITY OF HINDUISM

189

The Teaching of Non-Duality in Ancient Egypt and India

192

THE TRINITY OF CHRISTIANITY

196

CHAPTER IIII: PUTTING IT ALL TOGETHER

201

THE MIND AND ITS ORIGIN

202

The Elements of Human Consciousness and The Personality

204

The Levels of Mind

205

Mind of an Enlightened Person

211

THE WAKING PERSONALITY - PTAH

213

THE DREAM PERSONALITY - RA

214

THE DEEP UNCONSCIOUS - AMUN

216

THE VOYAGE OF RA AND THE JOURNEY OF THE SOUL

219

Reincarnation and Enlightenment

223

The Elements of the Human Personality

223

INDEX

235

MUSIC BASED ON THE PRT M HRU AND OTHER KEMETIC TEXTS

250

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Egyptian Yoga Volume II

Foreword

It is my great pleasure to bring forth this new volume. It has been referred to, by those who have read it in its previous rendering as the “Hymns of Amun,” as one of the most important books on the mystical philosophy of Ancient Egypt. I believe that it is so important that I have added two new sections to it, which expand on the mysticism of the parts of the spirit and how they relate to the Trinity of Creation. Further, the mystical understanding of the mind which was presented in the book Egyptian Yoga: The Philosophy of Enlightenment is herein expanded and brought to its height.

This book is written in the form of a journey of discovery. The section which deals with the Hymns of Amun, in particular, is a wonderful text which when understood in its deep mystical significance, can lead a person to spiritual enlightenment. In reality, the entire book is designed to explain these extraordinary teachings.

The success of Egyptian Yoga: The Philosophy of Enlightenment has brought a renewed vision of Ancient Egyptian Mystical Philosophy to the world. This volume acts as a consummation of fulfillment of the philosophy that was introduced in that volume.

I wish to thank all those who made the creation of this volume possible. In particular, I would like to thank my spiritual partner, Karen “Dja” Ashby for her support and love as well as her work as editor of this volume. Also I would like to thank my Spiritual Preceptor, Swami Jyotirmayananda, whose teachings on Yoga, which I have studied for many years, have allowed me to understand all that I had previously learned as a student of Egyptology.

Dr. Muata Abhaya Ashby January 26, 1998

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The Mysteries of Amun And The Supreme Wisdom of Enlightenment

Preface

Who Were the Ancient Egyptians

The Ancient Egyptian religion (Shetaut Neter), language and symbols provide the first “historical” record of Mystical Philosophy and Religious literature. Egyptian Mysticism is what has been commonly referred to by Egyptologists as Egyptian “Religion” or “Mythology,” but to think of it as just another set of stories or allegories about a long lost civilization is to completely miss the greatest secret of human existence. Mystical spirituality, in all of its forms and disciplines of spiritual development, was practiced in Ancient Egypt (Kemet) earlier than anywhere else in history. This unique perspective from the highest philosophical system which developed in Africa over seven thousand years ago provides a new way to look at life, religion, the discipline of psychology and the way to spiritual development leading to spiritual Enlightenment. Ancient Egyptian mythology, when understood as a system of Smai Tawi, that is, a system which promotes the union of the individual soul with the Universal Soul or Supreme Consciousness, gives every individual insight into their own divine nature, and also a deeper insight into all religions, mystical and Yoga systems.

In Chapter 4 1 and Chapter 17 2 of an Ancient Egyptian mystical text, the Prt m Hru, The Ancient Egyptian Book of Enlightenment, more commonly known as the Book of the Dead, the term “Smai Tawi” is used. It means “Union of the two lands of Egypt.” The two lands refers to the two main districts of the country (North and South) and, in a mystical sense they refer to the gods Heru and Set, who are elsewhere referred to as the spiritual Higher Self and lower self of a human being, respectively. Thus, the term Smai Tawi is compatible with the Indian Sanskrit term “Yoga,” which also means union of the Higher Self and lower self as well as other terms (Enlightenment, Kingdom of Heaven, Liberation, etc.) used by other systems of mystical spirituality.

Diodorus Siculus (Greek Historian) writes in the time of Augustus (first century B.C.):

“Now the Ethiopians, as historians relate, were the first of all men and the proofs of this statement, they say, are manifest. For that they did not come into their land as immigrants from abroad, but were the natives of it and so justly bear the name of autochthones (sprung from the soil itself), is, they maintain, conceded by practically all men ”

1 Commonly referred to as Chapter 17

2 Commonly referred to as Chapter 176

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Egyptian Yoga Volume II

“They also say that the Egyptians are colonists sent out by the

Ethiopians, Asar having been the leader of the colony. For, speaking generally, what is now Egypt, they maintain, was not land, but sea, when in the beginning the universe was being formed; afterwards, however, as the Nile during the times of its inundation carried down the mud from

Ethiopia, land was gradually built up from the deposit

of the customs of the Egyptians are, they hold, Ethiopian, the colonists still preserving their ancient manners. For instance, the belief that their kings are Gods, the very special attention which they pay to their burials, and many other matters of a similar nature, are Ethiopian practices, while the shapes of their statues and the forms of their letters are Ethiopian; for of the two kinds of writing which the Egyptians have, that which is known as popular (demotic) is learned by everyone, while that which is called sacred (hieratic), is understood only by the priests of the Egyptians, who learnt it from their Fathers as one of the things which are not divulged, but among the Ethiopians, everyone uses these forms of letters. Furthermore, the orders of the priests, they maintain, have much the same position among both peoples; for all are clean who are engaged in the service of the gods, keeping themselves shaven, like the Ethiopian priests, and having the same dress and form of staff, which is shaped like a plough and is carried by their kings who wear high felt hats which end in a knob in the top and are circled by the serpents which they call asps; and this symbol appears to carry the thought that it will be the lot who shall dare to attack the king to encounter death-carrying stings. Many other things are told by them concerning their own antiquity and the colony which they sent out that became the Egyptians, but about this there is no special need of our writing

anything.”

And the larger parts

The Ancient Egyptian texts state:

“Our people originated at the base of the mountain of the Moon, at the origin of the Nile river.”

Figure 3: The World

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The Mysteries of Amun And The Supreme Wisdom of Enlightenment

The Mysteries of Amun And The Supreme Wisdom of Enlightenment Figure 1: A map of North
The Mysteries of Amun And The Supreme Wisdom of Enlightenment Figure 1: A map of North

Figure 1: A map of North East Africa showing the location of the land of Ta-Meri or Kamit, also known as Ancient Egypt.

In describing the Ancient Egyptians of his time Herodotus (Greek historian c. 484-425 BC), said: "The Egyptians and Nubians have thick lips, broad noses, wooly hair and burnt skin

the Indian tribes I have mentioned, their skins are all of the same color, much like the "

Ethiopians

historian (c. 100 B.C.) said the following, "And upon his return to Greece, they gathered around and asked, "tell us about this great land of the Blacks called Ethiopia." And Herodotus said, "There are two great Ethiopian nations, one in Sind (India) and the other in Egypt." Thus, the Ancient Egyptian peoples were of African origin and they had close ties in ancient times with the peoples of India.

Diodorus, the Greek

And

their country is a long way from Persia towards the south

Where is the land of Ancient Egypt?

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Egyptian Yoga Volume II

Egyptian Yoga Volume II The Ancient Egyptians lived for thousands of years in the northeastern corner

The Ancient Egyptians lived for thousands of years in the northeastern corner of the African continent in the area known as the Nile Valley. The Nile river was a source of dependable enrichment for the land and allowed them to prosper for a very long time. Their prosperity was so great that they created art, culture, religion, philosophy and a civilization which has not been duplicated since. The Ancient Kamitans (Egyptians) based their government and business concerns on spiritual values and therefore, enjoyed an orderly society which included equality between the sexes, and a legal system based on universal spiritual laws. The Prt m Hru is a tribute to their history, culture and legacy. As historical insights unfold, it becomes clearer that modern culture has derived its basis from Ancient Egypt, though the credit is not often given, nor the integrity of the practices maintained. This is another important reason to study Ancient Egyptian Philosophy, to discover the principles which allowed their civilization to prosper over a period of thousands of years in order to bring our systems of government, religion and social structures to a harmony with ourselves, humanity and with nature.

Christianity was partly an outgrowth of Judaism, which was itself an outgrowth of Ancient Egyptian culture and religion. So who were the Ancient Egyptians? From the time that the early Greek philosophers set foot on African soil to study the teachings of mystical spirituality in Egypt (900-300 B.C.E.), Western society and culture was forever changed. Ancient Egypt had such a profound effect on Western civilization as well as on the native population of Ancient India (Dravidians) that it is important to understand the history and culture of Ancient Egypt, and the nature of its spiritual tradition in more detail.

The history of Egypt begins in the far reaches of history. It includes The Dynastic Period, The Hellenistic Period, Roman and Byzantine Rule (30 B.C.E.-638 A.C.E.), the Caliphate and the Mamalukes (642-1517 A.C.E.), Ottoman Domination (1082-1882 A.C.E.), British colonialism (1882-1952 A.C.E.), as well as modern, Arab-Islamic Egypt (1952- present).

Ancient Egypt or Kamit had a civilization that flourished in Northeast Africa along the Nile River from before 5,500 B.C.E. until 30 B.C.E. In 30 B.C.E., Octavian, who was later known as the Roman Emperor, Augustus, put the last Egyptian King, Ptolemy XIV, a

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The Mysteries of Amun And The Supreme Wisdom of Enlightenment

Greek ruler, to death. After this Egypt was formally annexed to Rome. Egyptologists normally divide Ancient Egyptian history into the following approximate periods: The Early Dynastic Period (3,200-2,575 B.C.E.); The Old Kingdom or Old Empire (2,575-2,134 B.C.E.); The First Intermediate Period (2,134-2,040 B.C.E.); The Middle Kingdom or Middle Empire (2,040-1,640 B.C.E.); The Second Intermediate Period (1,640-1,532 B.C.E.); The New Kingdom or New Empire (1,532-1,070 B.C.E.); The third Intermediate Period (1,070-712 B.C.E.); The Late Period (712-332 B.C.E.).

In the Late Period the following groups controlled Egypt. The Nubian Dynasty (712-657 B.C.E.); The Persian Dynasty (525-404 B.C.E.); The Native Revolt and re-establishment of Egyptian rule by Egyptians (404-343 B.C.E.); The Second Persian Period (343-332 B.C.E.); The Ptolemaic or Greek Period (332 B.C.E.- c. 30 B.C.E.); Roman Period (c.30 B.C.E.-395 A.C.E.); The Byzantine Period (395-640 A.C.E) and The Arab Conquest Period (640 A.C.E.-present). The individual dynasties are numbered, generally in Roman numerals, from I through XXX.

The period after the New Kingdom saw greatness in culture and architecture under the rulership of Ramses II. However, after his rule, Egypt saw a decline from which it would never recover. This is the period of the downfall of Ancient Egyptian culture in which the Libyans ruled after The Tanite (XXI) Dynasty. This was followed by the Nubian conquerors who founded the XXII dynasty and tried to restore Egypt to her past glory. However, having been weakened by the social and political turmoil of wars, Ancient Egypt fell to the Persians once more. The Persians conquered the country until the Greeks, under Alexander, conquered them. The Romans followed the Greeks, and finally the Arabs conquered the land of Egypt in 640 A.C.E to the present.

However, the history which has been classified above is only the history of the “Dynastic Period.” It reflects the view of traditional Egyptologists who have refused to accept the evidence of a Predynastic period in Ancient Egyptian history contained in Ancient Egyptian documents such as the Palermo Stone, Royal Tablets at Abydos, Royal Papyrus of Turin, the Dynastic List of Manetho. The eye-witness accounts of Greek historians Herodotus (c. 484-425 B.C.E.) and Diodorus (Greek historian died about 20 B.C.E.) corroborate the status and makeup of Kemetic culture in the late dynastic period which support the earlier accounts. These sources speak clearly of a Pre-dynastic society which stretches far into antiquity. The Dynastic Period is what most people think of whenever Ancient Egypt is mentioned. This period is when the pharaohs (kings) ruled. The latter part of the Dynastic Period is when the Biblical story of Moses, Joseph, Abraham, etc., occurs (c. 2100? -1,000? B.C.E). Therefore, those with a Christian background generally only have an idea about Ancient Egypt as it is related in the Bible. Although this biblical notion is very limited in scope, the significant impact of Ancient Egypt on Hebrew and Christian culture is evident even from the biblical scriptures. Actually, Egypt existed much earlier than most traditional Egyptologists are prepared to admit. The new archeological evidence related to the great Sphinx monument on the Giza Plateau and the ancient writings by Manetho, one of the last High Priests of Ancient Egypt, show that Ancient Egyptian history begins earlier than 10,000 B.C.E. and may date back to as early as 30,000-50,000 B.C.E.

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Egyptian Yoga Volume II

It is known that the Pharaonic (royal) calendar based on the Sothic system (star Sirius) was in use by 4,240 B.C.E. This certainly required extensive astronomical skills and time for observation. Therefore, the history of Kamit (Egypt) must be reckoned to be extremely ancient. Thus, in order to grasp the antiquity of Ancient Egyptian culture, religion and philosophy, we will briefly review the history presented by the Ancient Egyptian Priest Manetho and some Greek Historians.

The calendar based on the Great Year was also used by the Ancient Egyptians. The Great year is based on the movement of the earth through the constellations known as the precession of the Equinoxes and confirmed by the History given by the Ancient Egyptian Priest Manetho in the year 241 B.C.E. Each Great Year has 25,860 to 25,920 years and 12 arcs or constellations, and each passage through a constellation takes 2,155 – 2,160 years. These are the “Great Months.” The current cycle or year began around the year 10,858 B.C.E. At around the year 36,766 B.C.E., according to Manetho, the Creator, Ra, ruled the earth in person from his throne in the Ancient Egyptian city of Anu. By this reckoning our current year (2,000 A.C.E.) is actually the year 38,766 based on the Great Year System of Ancient Egyptian history.

Figure 2: The land of Ancient Egypt

Egypt is located in the north-eastern corner of the African Continent. The cities wherein the theology of the Trinity of Amun-Ra-Ptah was developed were: A- Anu (Heliopolis), B-Hetkaptah (Memphis), and C-Waset (Thebes).

Ancient Kemetic Terms and Ancient Greek Terms

In keeping with the spirit of the culture of Kemetic Spirituality, in this volume we will use the Kemetic names for the divinities through which we will bring forth the philosophy of the Prt M Hru. Therefore, the Greek name Osiris will be converted back to the Kemetic (Ancient Egyptian) Asar (Ausar), the Greek Isis to Aset (Auset), the Greek Nephthys to Nebthet, Anubis to Anpu or Apuat, Hathor to Hetheru, Thoth or Hermes to Djehuti, etc. Further, the term Ancient

to Nebthet, Anubis to Anpu or Apuat, Hathor to Hetheru, Thoth or Hermes to Djehuti, etc.

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The Mysteries of Amun And The Supreme Wisdom of Enlightenment

Egypt will be used interchangeably with “Kemit” (“Kamit,” “Kemet”), or “Ta-Meri,” as these are the terms used by the Ancient Egyptians to refer to their land and culture.

Table 1: Kemetic Names of the main Gods and Goddesses of Ancient Egypt and the Greek translation in common use.

Kemetic (Ancient Egyptian) Names

Greek Names

Asar (Ausar) Aset (Auset) Nebthet Anpu or Apuat Hetheru Heru Djehuti Maat Amun Ra Ptah Nut Geb Net Khonsu Set Bast Uadjit

Osiris or Hades Isis or Demeter Nephthys Anubis Hathor (Aphrodite) Heru (Horus) or Apo Thoth or Hermes Astraea or Themis Zeus Helios Hephastos Rhea Kronos Athena Heracles Ares or Typhon Artemis Leto

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Egyptian Yoga Volume II

The Fundamental Principles of Ancient Egyptian Religion

NETERIANISM (The Oldest Known Religion in History)

The term “Neterianism” is derived from the name “Shetaut Neter.” Shetaut Neter means the “Hidden Divinity.” It is the ancient philosophy and mythic spiritual culture that gave rise to the Ancient Egyptian civilization. Those who follow the spiritual path of Shetaut Neter are therefore referred to as “Neterians.” The fundamental principles common to all denominations of Ancient Egyptian Religion may be summed up in four “Great Truths” that are common to all the traditions of Ancient Egyptian Religion.

may be summed up in four “Great Truths” that are common to all the traditions of

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The Mysteries of Amun And The Supreme Wisdom of Enlightenment

Summary of Ancient Egyptian Religion

Wisdom of Enlightenment Summary of Ancient Egyptian Religion I PaPaPaPa NeterNeterNeterNeter uauauaua uauauaua

I

of Enlightenment Summary of Ancient Egyptian Religion I PaPaPaPa NeterNeterNeterNeter uauauaua uauauaua
of Enlightenment Summary of Ancient Egyptian Religion I PaPaPaPa NeterNeterNeterNeter uauauaua uauauaua

PaPaPaPa NeterNeterNeterNeter uauauaua uauauaua NeberdjerNeberdjerNeberdjerNeberdjer mmmm NeteruNeteruNeteruNeteru

“The Neter, the Supreme Being, is One and alone and as Neberdjer, manifesting everywhere and in all things in the form of Gods and Goddesses.”

and in all things in the form of Gods and Goddesses.” II anananan ---- Maat Maat
and in all things in the form of Gods and Goddesses.” II anananan ---- Maat Maat

II

and in all things in the form of Gods and Goddesses.” II anananan ---- Maat Maat

anananan----MaatMaatMaatMaat swyswyswyswy SauiSaSaSauiuiui SetSetSetSet ssss----KhemnKhemnKhemnKhemn “Lack“Lack“Lack“Lack ofofofof righteousnessrighteousnessrighteousnessrighteousness bringsbringsbringsbrings fettersfettersfettersfetters totototo thethethethe personalitypersonalitypersonalitypersonality andandandand thesethesethesethese fettersfettersfettersfetters causecausecausecause ignoranceignoranceignoranceignorance ofofofof thethethethe Divine.”Divine.”Divine.”Divine.”

thethethethe Divine.”Divine.”Divine.”Divine.” III ssss ---- UashuUashuUashuUashu ssss ----

III

thethethethe Divine.”Divine.”Divine.”Divine.” III ssss ---- UashuUashuUashuUashu ssss ---- NafuNafuNafuNafu

ssss----UashuUashuUashuUashu ssss----NafuNafuNafuNafu nnnn saiusaiusaiusaiu SetSetSetSet “Devotion“Devotion“Devotion“Devotion totototo thethethethe DivineDivineDivineDivine leadsleadsleadsleads totototo freedomfreedomfreedomfreedom fromfromfromfrom thethethethe fettersfettersfettersfetters ofofofof Set.”Set.”Set.”Set.”

ofofofof Set.”Set.”Set.”Set.” IIII ariariariari ShedyShedyShedyShedy RekhRekhRekhRekh

IIII

ofofofof Set.”Set.”Set.”Set.” IIII ariariariari ShedyShedyShedyShedy RekhRekhRekhRekh abababab

ariariariari ShedyShedyShedyShedy RekhRekhRekhRekh abababab mmmm MaakheruMaakheruMaakheruMaakheru

“The“The“The“The practicepracticepracticepractice ofofofof thethethethe ShedyShedyShedyShedy disciplinesdisciplinesdisciplinesdisciplines leadsleadsleadsleads totototo knowingknowingknowingknowing oneselfoneselfoneselfoneself andandandand thethethethe Divine.Divine.Divine.Divine. ThisThisThisThis isisisis calledcalledcalledcalled beingbeingbeingbeing TrueTrueTrueTrue ofofofof Speech”Speech”Speech”Speech”

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Egyptian Yoga Volume II

The Neterian Great Truths

1. “Pa Neter ua ua Neberdjer m Neteru” -“The Neter, the Supreme Being, is One and alone and as Neberdjer, manifesting everywhere and in all things in the form of Gods and Goddesses.”

Neberdjer means “all-encompassing divinity,” the all-inclusive, all-embracing Spirit which pervades all and who is the ultimate essence of all. This first truth unifies all the expressions of Kamitan religion.

2. “an-Maat swy Saui Set s-Khemn” - “Lack of righteousness brings fetters to the personality and these fetters lead to ignorance of the Divine.”

When a human being acts in ways that contradict the natural order of nature, negative qualities of the mind will develop within that person’s personality. These are the afflictions of Set. Set is the neteru of egoism and selfishness. The afflictions of Set include: anger, hatred, greed, lust, jealousy, envy, gluttony, dishonesty, hypocrisy, etc. So to be free from the fetters of set one must be free from the afflictions of Set.

3. “s-Uashu s-Nafu n saiu Set” from the fetters of Set.”

-“Devotion to the Divine leads to freedom

To be liberated (Nafu - freedom - to breath ) from the afflictions of Set, one must be devoted to the Divine. Being devoted to the Divine means living by Maat. Maat is a way of life that is purifying to the heart and beneficial for society as it promotes virtue and order. Living by Maat means practicing Shedy (spiritual practices and disciplines).

Uashu means devotion and the classic pose of adoring the Divine is called “Dua,” standing or sitting with upraised hands facing outwards towards the image of the divinity.

4. “ari Shedy Rekh ab m Maakheru” - “The practice of the Shedy disciplines leads to knowing oneself and the Divine. This is called being True of Speech.”

Doing Shedy means to study profoundly, to penetrate the mysteries (Shetaut) and discover the nature of the Divine. There have been several practices designed by the sages of Ancient Kamit to facilitate the process of self-knowledge. These are the religious (Shetaut) traditions and the Sema (Smai) Tawi (yogic) disciplines related to them that augment the spiritual practices.

All the traditions relate the teachings of the sages by means of myths related to particular gods or goddesses. It is understood that all of these neteru are related, like brothers and sisters, having all emanated from the same source, the same Supremely Divine parent, who is neither male nor female, but encompasses the totality of the two.

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The Mysteries of Amun And The Supreme Wisdom of Enlightenment

The Spiritual Culture and the Purpose of Life: Shetaut Neter

"Men and women are to become God-like through a life of virtue and the cultivation of the spirit through scientific knowledge, practice and bodily discipline."

-Ancient Egyptian Proverb

The highest forms of Joy, Peace and Contentment are obtained when the meaning of life is discovered. When the human being is in harmony with life, then it is possible to reflect and meditate upon the human condition and realize the limitations of worldly pursuits. When there is peace and harmony in life, a human being can practice any of the varied disciplines designated as Shetaut Neter to promote {his/her} evolution towards the ultimate goal of life, which Spiritual Enlightenment. Spiritual Enlightenment is the awakening of a human being to the awareness of the Transcendental essence which binds the universe and which is eternal and immutable. In this discovery is also the sobering and ecstatic realization that the human being is one with that Transcendental essence. With this realization comes great joy, peace and power to experience the fullness of life and to realize the purpose of life during the time on earth. The lotus is a symbol of Shetaut Neter, meaning the turning towards the light of truth, peace and transcendental harmony.

Shetaut Neter

We have established that the Ancient Egyptians were African peoples who lived in the north-eastern quadrant of the continent of Africa. They were descendants of the Nubians, who had themselves originated from farther south into the heart of Africa at the Great Lakes region, the sources of the Nile River. They created a vast civilization and culture earlier than any other society in known history and organized a nation that was based on the concepts of balance and order as well as spiritual enlightenment. These ancient African people called their land Kamit, and soon after developing a well-ordered society, they began to realize that the world is full of wonders, but also that life is fleeting, and that there must be something more to human existence. They developed spiritual systems that were designed to allow human beings to understand the nature of this secret being who is the essence of all Creation. They called this spiritual system “Shtaut Ntr (Shetaut Neter).”

this spiritual system “Shtaut Ntr (Shetaut Neter).” ShetautShetautShetautShetaut means secret.

ShetautShetautShetautShetaut means secret.

“Shtaut Ntr (Shetaut Neter).” ShetautShetautShetautShetaut means secret. NeterNeterNeterNeter means Divinity. 17

NeterNeterNeterNeter means Divinity.

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Egyptian Yoga Volume II

Who is Neter in Kamitan Religion?

Egyptian Yoga Volume II Who is Neter in Kamitan Religion? “ NtrNtrNtrNtr The symbol of Neter

NtrNtrNtrNtr

The symbol of Neter was described by an Ancient Kamitan priest as:

“That which is placed in the coffin”

Kamitan priest as: “That which is placed in the coffin” The term Ntr , or Ntjr
Kamitan priest as: “That which is placed in the coffin” The term Ntr , or Ntjr

The term Ntr , or Ntjr , comes from the Ancient Egyptian hieroglyphic language which did not record its vowels. However, the term survives in the Coptic language as “Nutar.” The same Coptic meaning (divine force or sustaining power) applies in the present as it did in ancient times. It is a symbol composed of a wooden staff that was wrapped with strips of fabric, like a mummy. The strips alternate in color with yellow, green and blue. The mummy in Kamitan spirituality is understood to be the dead but resurrected Divinity. So the Nutar (Ntr) is actually every human being who does not really die, but goes to live on in a different form. Further, the resurrected spirit of every human being is that same Divinity. Phonetically, the term Nutar is related to other terms having the same meaning, such as the latin “Natura,” the Spanish Naturalesa, the English “Nature” and “Nutriment”, etc. In a real sense, as we will see, Natur means power manifesting as Neteru and the Neteru are the objects of creation, i.e. “nature.”

Sacred Scriptures of Shetaut Neter

The following scriptures represent the foundational scriptures of Kamitan culture. They may be divided into three categories: Mythic Scriptures, Mystical Philosophy and Ritual Scriptures, and Wisdom Scriptures (Didactic Literature).

MYTHIC SCRIPTURES Literature

Mystical (Ritual)

Wisdom Texts

Philosophy

Literature

 

Literature

SHETAUT ASAR-ASET-HERU

Coffin Texts

Wisdom Texts (C. 3,000 B.C.E. –

PTOLEMAIC PERIOD)

Precepts of Ptahotep Instructions of Any Instructions of

The Myth of Asar, Aset and Heru (Asarian Resurrection Theology) - Predynastic

(C. 2040 B.C.E.-1786 B.C.E.)

SHETAUT ATUM-RA

Papyrus Texts

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The Mysteries of Amun And The Supreme Wisdom of Enlightenment

Anunian Theology Predynastic

 

Amenemope

(C. 1580 B.C.E.- Roman Period) 3 Books of Coming Forth By Day

Etc.

Shetaut Net/Aset/Hetheru Saitian Theology – Goddess Spirituality Predynastic

Maat Declarations Literature (All Periods)

Example of famous papyri:

SHETAUT PTAH

Blind Harpers Songs

Memphite Theology Predynastic

Papyrus of Any Papyrus of Hunefer Papyrus of Kenna Greenfield Papyrus, Etc.

Shetaut Amun Theban Theology Predynastic

Neter and the Neteru

Amun Theban Theology Predynastic Neter and the Neteru The Neteru (Gods and Goddesses) proceed from the

The Neteru (Gods and Goddesses) proceed from the Neter (Supreme Being)

As stated earlier, the concept of Neter and Neteru binds and ties all of the varied forms of Kamitan spirituality into one vision of the gods and goddesses all emerging from the same Supreme Being. Therefore, ultimately, Kamitan spirituality is not polytheistic, nor is it monotheistic, for it holds that the Supreme Being is more than a God or Goddess. The Supreme Being is an all-encompassing Absolute Divinity.

3 After 1570 B.C.E they would evolve into a more unified text, the Egyptian Book of the Dead.

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Egyptian Yoga Volume II

The Neteru

Egyptian Yoga Volume II The Neteru “ NeteruNeteruNeteruNeteru ” The term “Neteru” means “gods and goddesses.”

NeteruNeteruNeteruNeteru

The term “Neteru” means “gods and goddesses.” This means that from the ultimate and transcendental Supreme Being, “Neter,” come the Neteru. There are countless Neteru. So from the one come the many. These Neteru are cosmic forces that pervade the universe. They are the means by which Neter sustains Creation and manifests through it. So Neterianism is a monotheistic polytheism. The one Supreme Being expresses as many gods and goddesses. At the end of time, after their work of sustaining Creation is finished, these gods and goddesses are again absorbed back into the Supreme Being.

All of the spiritual systems of Ancient Egypt (Kamit) have one essential aspect that is common to all; they all hold that there is a Supreme Being (Neter) who manifests in a multiplicity of ways through nature, the Neteru. Like sunrays, the Neteru emanate from the Divine; they are its manifestations. So by studying the Neteru we learn about and are led to discover their source, the Neter, and with this discovery we are enlightened. The Neteru may be depicted anthropomorphically or zoomorphically in accordance with the teaching about Neter that is being conveyed through them.

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The Mysteries of Amun And The Supreme Wisdom of Enlightenment

The Neteru and Their Temples

Diagram 1: The Ancient Egyptian Temple Network

Their Temples Diagram 1: The Ancient Egyptian Temple Network The sages of Kamit instituted a system

The sages of Kamit instituted a system by which the teachings of spirituality were espoused through a Temple organization. The major divinities were assigned to a particular city. That divinity or group of divinities became the “patron” divinity or divinities of that city. Also, the Priests and Priestesses of that Temple were in charge of seeing to the welfare of the people in that district as well as maintaining the traditions and disciplines of the traditions based on the particular divinity being worshipped. So the original concept of “Neter” became elaborated through the “theologies” of the various traditions. A dynamic expression of the teachings emerged, which though maintaining the integrity of the teachings, expressed nuances of variation in perspective on the teachings to suit the needs of varying kinds of personalities of the people of different locales. In the diagram above, the primary or main divinities are denoted by the Neter symbol

primary or main divinities are denoted by the Neter symbol ( ). The house structure represents

( ). The house structure represents the Temple for that particular divinity. The interconnections with the other Temples are based on original scriptural statements espoused by the Temples that linked the divinities of their Temple with the other divinities. So this means that the divinities should be viewed not as separate entities operating independently, but rather as family members who are in the same “business” together, i.e. the enlightenment of society, albeit through variations in form of worship, name, form (expression of the Divinity), etc. Ultimately, all the divinities are referred to as Neteru and they are all said to be emanations from the ultimate and Supreme Being. Thus, the teaching from any of the Temples leads to an understanding of the others, and these all lead back to the source, the highest Divinity. Thus, the teaching within any of the Temple systems would lead to the attainment of spiritual enlightenment, the Great Awakening.

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Egyptian Yoga Volume II

The Neteru and Their Interrelationships Diagram : The Primary Kamitan Neteru and their Interrelationships

: The Primary Kamitan Neteru and their Interrelationships The same Supreme Being, Neter, is the winged

The same Supreme Being, Neter, is the winged all-encompassing transcendental Divinity, the Spirit who, in the early history, is called “Heru.” The physical universe in which the Heru lives is called “Hetheru” or the “house of Heru.” This divinity (Heru) is also the Nun or primeval substratum from which all matter is composed. The various divinities and the material universe are composed

22

The Mysteries of Amun And The Supreme Wisdom of Enlightenment

from this primeval substratum. Neter is actually androgynous and Heru, the Spirit, is related as a male aspect of that androgyny. However, Heru in the androgynous aspect, gives rise to the solar principle and this is seen in both the male and female divinities.

The image above provides an idea of the relationships between the divinities of the three main Neterian spiritual systems (traditions): Anunian Theology, Wasetian (Theban) Theology and Het-Ka- Ptah (Memphite) Theology. The traditions are composed of companies or groups of gods and goddesses. Their actions, teachings and interactions with each other and with human beings provide insight into their nature as well as that of human existence and Creation itself. The lines indicate direct scriptural relationships and the labels also indicate that some divinities from one system are the same in others, with only a name change. Again, this is attested to by the scriptures themselves in direct statements, like those found in the Prt m Hru text Chapter 4 (17).

4

Listening to the Teachings

Prt m Hru text Chapter 4 (17). 4 Listening to the Teachings “ MestchertMestchertMestchertMestchert ” “Listening,

MestchertMestchertMestchertMestchert

“Listening, to fill the ears, listen attentively-“

What should the ears be filled with?

The sages of Shetaut Neter enjoined that a Shemsu Neter (follower of Neter, an initiate or aspirant) should listen to the WISDOM of the Neterian Traditions. These are the myth related to the gods and goddesses containing the basic understanding of who they are, what they represent, how they relate human beings and to the Supreme Being. The myths allow us to be connected to the Divine.

An aspirant may choose any one of the 5 main Neterian Traditions.

Shetaut Anu

Shetaut Menefer – Teachings of the Ptah Tradition

Shetaut Waset

Shetaut Netrit

Shetaut Asar

Shetaut Aton

– Teachings of the Ra Tradition

– Teachings of the Amun Tradition

– Teachings of the Goddess Tradition

– Teachings of the Asarian Tradition

– Teachings of the Aton Tradition

4 See the book The Egyptian Book of the Dead by Muata Ashby

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Egyptian Yoga Volume II

The Anunian Tradition

Egyptian Yoga Volume II The Anunian Tradition Shetaut Anu The Mystery Teachings of the Anunian Tradition

Shetaut Anu

The Mystery Teachings of the Anunian

Tradition are related to the Divinity Ra and his company of Gods and Goddesses.( See the

This

Book

Anunian

Theology

by

Muata

Ashby)

Temple and its related Temples espouse the teachings of Creation, human origins and the path to spiritual enlightenment by

means of the Supreme Being in the form of the god Ra. It tells of how Ra emerged from a primeval ocean and how human beings were created from his tears. The gods and goddesses, who are his children, go to form the elements of nature and the cosmic forces that maintain nature.

of nature and the cosmic forces that maintain nature. Below: The Heliopolitan The city of Anu

Below: The

Heliopolitan

The city of Anu (Amun-Ra)

Cosmogony.

The Neters of Creation - The Company of the Gods and Goddesses. Neter Neteru

Nebertcher - Amun (unseen, hidden, ever present, Supreme Being, beyond duality and description)

Amen (Ra) Amenit (Rat) Hathor Shu Tefnut Djehuti MAAT Geb Nut Horus Set Osiris Isis
Amen (Ra)
Amenit (Rat)
Hathor
Shu
Tefnut
Djehuti
MAAT
Geb
Nut
Horus
Set
Osiris
Isis
Nephthys
Anubis
MAAT Geb Nut Horus Set Osiris Isis Nephthys Anubis Top: Ra. From left to right, starting

Top: Ra. From left to right, starting at the bottom level- The Gods and Goddesses of Anunian Theology: Shu, Tefnut, Nut, Geb, Aset, Asar, Set, Nebthet and Heru-Ur

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The Mysteries of Amun And The Supreme Wisdom of Enlightenment

The Memphite Tradition

The Supreme Wisdom of Enlightenment The Memphite Tradition Shetaut Menefer The Mystery Teachings of the Menefer
The Supreme Wisdom of Enlightenment The Memphite Tradition Shetaut Menefer The Mystery Teachings of the Menefer

Shetaut Menefer

The Mystery Teachings of the Menefer (Memphite) Tradition are related to the Neterus known as Ptah, Sekhmit, Nefertem. The myths and philosophy of these divinities constitutes Memphite Theology. 5 This temple and its related temples espoused the teachings of Creation, human origins and the path to spiritual enlightenment by means of the Supreme Being in the form of the god Ptah and his family, who compose the Memphite Trinity. It tells of how Ptah emerged from a primeval ocean and how he created the universe by his will and the power of thought (mind). The gods and goddesses who are his thoughts, go to form the elements of nature and the cosmic forces that maintain nature. His spouse, Sekhmit has a powerful temple system of her own that is related to the Memphite teaching. The same is true for his son Nefertem.

Below: The

Memphite

Cosmogony.

The city of Hetkaptah (Ptah)

The Neters of Creation - The Company of the Gods and Goddesses. Neter Neteru

Nebertcher - Amun (unseen, hidden, ever present, Supreme Being, beyond duality and description)

Ptah - Sekhmet Nun Nunet (primeval waters (heaven-creation unformed matter) formed matter)
Ptah - Sekhmet
Nun
Nunet
(primeval waters
(heaven-creation
unformed matter)
formed matter)

Huh

Huhet

(boundlessness)

(bound)

Kuk

Kuket

(darkness)

(light)

Amen

Amenet

( hidden)

(manifest)

(light) Amen Amenet ( hidden) (manifest) Ptah, Sekhmit and Nefertem 5 See the Book Memphite

Ptah, Sekhmit and Nefertem

5 See the Book Memphite Theology by Muata Ashby

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Egyptian Yoga Volume II

The Theban Tradition

Egyptian Yoga Volume II The Theban Tradition Shetaut Amun The Mystery Teachings of the Wasetian Tradition

Shetaut Amun

The Mystery Teachings of the Wasetian Tradition are related to the Neterus known as Amun, Mut Khonsu. This temple and its related temples espoused the teachings of Creation, human origins and the path to spiritual enlightenment by means of the Supreme Being in the form of the god Amun or Amun-Ra. It tells of how Amun and his family, the Trinity of Amun, Mut and Khonsu, manage the Universe along with his Company of Gods and Goddesses. This Temple became very important in the early part of the New Kingdom Era.

very important in the early part of the New Kingdom Era. Below: The Trinity of Amun

Below: The Trinity of Amun and the Company of Gods and Goddesses of Amun

of Amun and the Company of Gods and Goddesses of Amun See the Book Egyptian Yoga

See the Book Egyptian Yoga Vol. 2 for more on Amun, Mut and Khonsu by Muata Ashby

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The Mysteries of Amun And The Supreme Wisdom of Enlightenment

The Goddess Tradition

Shetaut Netrit

Wisdom of Enlightenment The Goddess Tradition Shetaut Netrit “Arat” The hieroglyphic sign Arat means “Goddess.”

“Arat”

The hieroglyphic sign Arat means “Goddess.” General, throughout ancient Kamit, the Mystery Teachings of the Goddess Tradition are related to the Divinity in the form of the Goddess. The Goddess was an integral part of all the Neterian traditions but special temples also developed around the worship of certain particular Goddesses who were also regarded as Supreme Beings in their own right. Thus as in other African religions, the goddess as well as the female gender were respected and elevated as the male divinities. The Goddess was also the author of Creation, giving birth to it as a great Cow. The following are the most important forms of the goddess. 6

following are the most important forms of the goddess. 6 Aset, Net, Sekhmit, Mut, Hetheru Mehurt
following are the most important forms of the goddess. 6 Aset, Net, Sekhmit, Mut, Hetheru Mehurt

Aset, Net, Sekhmit, Mut, Hetheru

forms of the goddess. 6 Aset, Net, Sekhmit, Mut, Hetheru Mehurt (“The Mighty Full One”) 6

Mehurt (“The Mighty Full One”)

6 See the Books, The Goddess Path, Mysteries of Isis, Glorious Light Meditation, Memphite Theology and Resurrecting Osiris by Muata Ashby

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Egyptian Yoga Volume II

The Asarian Tradition

Egyptian Yoga Volume II The Asarian Tradition Shetaut Asar This temple and its related temples espoused

Shetaut Asar

This temple and its related temples espoused the teachings of Creation, human origins and the path to spiritual enlightenment by means of the Supreme Being in the form of the god Asar. It tells of how Asar and his family, the Trinity of Asar, Aset and Heru, manage the Universe and lead human beings to spiritual enlightenment and the resurrection of the soul. This Temple and its teaching were very important from the Pre-Dynastic era down to the Christian period. The Mystery Teachings of the Asarian Tradition are related to the Neterus known as: Asar, Aset, Heru (Osiris, Isis and Heru (Horus))

as: Asar, Aset, Heru (Osiris, Isis and Heru (Horus) ) The tradition of Asar, Aset and

The tradition of Asar, Aset and Heru was practiced generally throughout the land of ancient Kamit. The centers of this tradition were the city of Abdu containing the Great Temple of Asar, the city of Pilak containing the Great Temple of Aset 7 and Edfu containing the Ggreat Temple of Heru.

7 See the Book Resurrecting Osiris by Muata Ashby

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The Mysteries of Amun And The Supreme Wisdom of Enlightenment

The Aton Tradition

And The Supreme Wisdom of Enlightenment The Aton Tradition Shetaut Aton This temple and its related

Shetaut Aton

This temple and its related temples espoused the teachings of Creation, human origins and the path to spiritual enlightenment by means of the Supreme Being in the form of the god Aton. It tells of how Aton with its dynamic life force created and sustains Creation. By recognizing Aton as the very substratum of all existence, human beings engage in devotional exercises and rituals and the study of the Hymns containing the wisdom teachings of Aton explaining that Aton manages the Universe and leads human beings to spiritual enlightenment and eternal life for the soul. This Temple and its teaching were very important in the middle New Kingdom Period. The Mystery Teachings of the Aton Tradition are related to the Neter Aton and its main exponent was the Sage King Akhnaton, who is depicted below with his family adoring the sundisk, symbol of the Aton.

with his family adoring the sundisk, symbol of the Aton. Akhnaton, Nefertiti and Daughters For more

Akhnaton, Nefertiti and Daughters

For more on Atonism and the Aton Theology see the Essence of Atonism Lecture Series by Sebai Muata Ashby 2001

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Egyptian Yoga Volume II

The General Principles of Shetaut Neter

(Teachings Presented in the Kamitan scriptures)

1.

The Purpose of Life is to Attain the Great Awakening-Enlightenment-Know thyself.

2.

SHETAUT NETER enjoins the Shedy (spiritual investigation) as the highest endeavor of life.

3.

SHETAUT NETER enjoins that it is the responsibility of every human being to promote order and truth.

4.

SHETAUT NETER enjoins the performance of Selfless Service to family, community and humanity.

5.

SHETAUT NETER enjoins the Protection of nature.

6.

SHETAUT NETER enjoins the Protection of the weak and oppressed.

7.

SHETAUT NETER enjoins the Caring for hungry.

8.

SHETAUT NETER enjoins the Caring for homeless.

9.

SHETAUT NETER enjoins the equality for all people.

10.

SHETAUT NETER enjoins the equality between men and women.

11.

SHETAUT NETER enjoins the justice for all.

12.

SHETAUT NETER enjoins the sharing of resources.

13.

SHETAUT NETER enjoins the protection and proper raising of children.

14.

SHETAUT NETER enjoins the movement towards balance and peace.

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The Mysteries of Amun And The Supreme Wisdom of Enlightenment

The Forces of Entropy

In Neterian religion, there is no concept of “evil” as is conceptualized in Western Culture. Rather, it is understood that the forces of entropy are constantly working in nature to bring that which has been constructed by human hands to their original natural state. The serpent Apep (Apophis), who daily tries to stop Ra’s boat of creation, is the symbol of entropy. This concept of entropy has been referred to as “chaos” by Western Egyptologists.

been referred to as “chaos” by Western Egyptologists. ApepApepApepApep Above: Set protecting the boat of Ra

ApepApepApepApep

Above: Set protecting the boat of Ra from the forces of entropy (symbolized by the serpent Apep).

As expressed previously, in Neterian religion there is also no concept of a “devil” or “demon” as is conceived in the Judeo-Christian or Islamic traditions. Rather, it is understood that manifestations of detrimental situations and adversities arise as a result of unrighteous actions. These unrighteous actions are due to the “Setian” qualities in a human being. Set is the Neteru of egoism and the negative qualities which arise from egoism. Egoism is the idea of individuality based on identification with the body and mind only as being who one is. One has no deeper awareness of their deeper spiritual essence, and thus no understanding of their connectedness to all other objects (includes persons) in creation and the Divine Self. When the ego is under the control of the higher nature, it fights the forces of entropy (as above). However, when beset with ignorance, it leads to the degraded states of human existence. The vices (egoism, selfishness, extraverted ness, wonton sexuality (lust), jealousy, envy, greed, gluttony) are a result.

Set

extraverted ness, wonton sexuality (lust), jealousy, envy, greed, gluttony) are a result. Set Set and the
extraverted ness, wonton sexuality (lust), jealousy, envy, greed, gluttony) are a result. Set Set and the

Set and the Set animal

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Egyptian Yoga Volume II

The Great Awakening of Neterian Religion

Yoga Volume II The Great Awakening of Neterian Religion “ Nehast ” Nehast means to “wake

Nehast

Nehast means to “wake up,” to Awaken to the higher existence. In the Prt m Hru Text it is said:

Nuk pa Neter aah Neter Uah asha ren 8

“I am that same God, the Supreme One, who has myriad of mysterious names.”

The goal of all the Neterian disciplines is to discover the meaning of “Who am I?,” to unravel the mysteries of life and to fathom the depths of eternity and infinity. This is the task of all human beings and it is to be accomplished in this very lifetime.

This can be done by learning the ways of the Neteru, emulating them and finally becoming like them, Akhus, (enlightened beings), walking the earth as giants and accomplishing great deeds such as the creation of the universe!

{{{{

Udjat

The Eye of Heru is a quintessential symbol of awakening to Divine Consciousness, representing the concept of Nehast.

8 (Prt M Hru 9:4)

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The Mysteries of Amun And The Supreme Wisdom of Enlightenment

Introduction to Egyptian Yoga

Sema Tawi or “Egyptian Yoga” is an aspect of Shetaut Neter “Egyptian Mysteries.” Most students of yoga are familiar with the yogic traditions of India consider that the Indian texts such as the Bhagavad Gita, Mahabharata, Patanjali Yoga Sutras, etc. are the primary and original source of Yogic philosophy and teaching. However, upon examination, the teachings currently espoused in all of the major forms of Indian Yoga can be found in Ancient Egyptian scriptures, inscribed in papyrus and on temple walls as well as steles, statues, obelisks and other sources.

What is Yoga?

Yoga is the practice of mental, physical and spiritual disciplines which lead to self- control and self-discovery by purifying the mind, body and spirit, so as to discover the deeper spiritual essence which lies within every human being and object in the universe. In essence, the goal of Yoga practice is to unite or yoke one’s individual consciousness with Universal or Cosmic consciousness. Therefore, Ancient Egyptian religious practice, especially in terms of the rituals and other practices of the Ancient Egyptian Temple system known as Shetaut Neter (the way of the hidden Supreme Being), also known in Ancient times as Smai Tawi “Egyptian Yoga,” should as well be considered as universal streams of self-knowledge philosophy which influenced and inspired the great religions and philosophers to this day. In this sense, religion, in its purest form, is also a Yoga system, as it seeks to reunite the soul with its true and original source, God. In broad terms, any spiritual movement or discipline that brings one closer to self-knowledge is a “Yogic” movement. The main recognized forms of Yoga disciplines are:

Yoga of Wisdom,

Yoga of Devotional Love,

Yoga of Meditation,

o Physical Postures Yoga

Yoga of Selfless Action,

Tantric Yoga

o Serpent Power Yoga

The diagram below shows the relationship between the Yoga disciplines and the path

of mystical religion (religion practiced in its three complete steps: 1 st receiving the myth

{knowledge}, 2

and 3

myth}).

rd

nd

practicing the rituals of the myth {following the teachings of the myth}

entering into a mystical experience {becoming one with the central figure of the

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Egyptian Yoga Volume II

Egyptian Yoga Volume II The disciplines of Yoga fall under five major categories. These are: Yoga

The disciplines of Yoga fall under five major categories. These are: Yoga of Wisdom, Yoga of Devotional Love, Yoga of Meditation, Tantric Yoga and Yoga of Selfless Action. When these disciplines are practiced in a harmonized manner this practice is called “Integral Yoga.” Within these categories there are subsidiary forms which are part of the main disciplines. The emphasis in the Kamitan Asarian (Osirian) Myth is on the Yoga of Wisdom, Yoga of Devotional Love and Yoga of Selfless Action. The important point to remember is that all aspects of Yoga can and should be used in an integral fashion to effect an efficient and harmonized spiritual movement in the practitioner. Therefore, while there may be an area of special emphasis, other elements are bound to become part of the Yoga program as needed. For example, while a Yogin (practitioner of Yoga, aspirant, initiate) may place emphasis on the Yoga of Wisdom, they may also practice Devotional Yoga and Meditation Yoga along with the wisdom studies. So the practice of any discipline that leads to oneness with Supreme Consciousness can be called Yoga. If you study, rationalize and reflect upon the teachings, you are practicing Yoga of Wisdom. If you meditate upon the teachings and your Higher Self, you are practicing Yoga of Meditation.

Thus, whether or not you refer to it as such, if you practice rituals which identify you with your spiritual nature, you are practicing Yoga of Ritual Identification (which is part of the Yoga of Wisdom {Kamitan-Rekh, Indian-Jnana} and the Yoga of Devotional Love {Kamitan-Ushet, Indian-Bhakti} of the Divine). If you develop your physical nature and psychic energy centers, you are practicing Serpent Power (Kamitan-Uraeus or Indian- Kundalini ) Yoga (which is part of Tantric Yoga). If you practice living according to the teachings of ethical behavior and selflessness, you are practicing Yoga of Action (Kamitan-Maat, Indian-Karma) in daily life. If you practice turning your attention towards the Divine by developing love for the Divine, then it is called Devotional Yoga or Yoga of Divine Love. The practitioner of Yoga is called a Yogin (male practitioner) or Yogini (female practitioner), or the term “Yogi” may be used to refer to either a female or male practitioner in general terms. One who has attained the culmination of Yoga (union with the Divine) is also called a Yogi. In this manner, Yoga has been developed into many disciplines which may be used in an integral fashion to achieve the same goal:

Enlightenment. Therefore, the aspirant is to learn about all of the paths of Yoga and

34

The Mysteries of Amun And The Supreme Wisdom of Enlightenment

choose those elements which best suit {his/her} personality or practice them all in an integral, balanced way.

Enlightenment is the term used to describe the highest level of spiritual awakening. It means attaining such a level of spiritual awareness that one discovers the underlying unity of the entire universe as well as the fact that the source of all creation is the same source from which the innermost Self within every human heart arises.

What is Egyptian Yoga?

The Term “Egyptian Yoga” and The Philosophy Behind It

As previously discussed, Yoga in all of its forms were practiced in Egypt apparently earlier than anywhere else in our history. This point of view is supported by the fact that there is documented scriptural and iconographical evidence of the disciplines of virtuous living, dietary purification, study of the wisdom teachings and their practice in daily life, psychophysical and psycho-spiritual exercises and meditation being practiced in Ancient Egypt, long before the evidence of its existence is detected in India (including the Indus Valley Civilization) or any other early civilization (Sumer, Greece, China, etc.).

The teachings of Yoga are at the heart of Prt m Hru. As explained earlier, the word “Yoga” is a Sanskrit term meaning to unite the individual with the Cosmic. The term has been used in certain parts of this book for ease of communication since the word “Yoga” has received wide popularity especially in western countries in recent years. The Ancient Egyptian equivalent term to the Sanskrit word yoga is: “Smai.” Smai means union, and the following determinative terms give it a spiritual significance, at once equating it with the term “Yoga” as it is used in India. When used in conjunction with the Ancient Egyptian symbol which means land, “Ta,” the term “union of the two lands” arises.

In Chapter 4 and Chapter 17 of the Prt m Hru, a term “Smai Tawi” is used. It means “Union of the two lands of Egypt,” ergo “Egyptian Yoga.” The two lands refer to the two main districts of the country (North and South). In ancient times, Egypt was divided into two sections or land areas. These were known as Lower and Upper Egypt. In Ancient Egyptian mystical philosophy, the land of Upper Egypt relates to the divinity Heru (Heru), who represents the Higher Self, and the land of Lower Egypt relates to Set, the divinity of the lower self. So Smai Taui means “the union of the two lands” or the “Union of the lower self with the Higher Self. The lower self relates to that which is negative and uncontrolled in the human mind including worldliness, egoism, ignorance, etc. (Set), while the Higher Self relates to that which is above temptations and is good in the human heart as well as in touch with transcendental consciousness (Heru). Thus, we also have the Ancient Egyptian term Smai Heru-Set, or the union of Heru and Set. So Smai Taui or Smai Heru-Set are the Ancient Egyptian words which are to be translated as “Egyptian Yoga.”

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Egyptian Yoga Volume II

Above: the main symbol of Egyptian Yoga: Sma. The Ancient Egyptian language and symbols provide the first "historical" record of Yoga Philosophy and Religious literature. The hieroglyph Sma, ?"Sema,” represented by the union of two lungs and the trachea, symbolizes that the union of the duality, that is, the Higher Self and lower self, leads to Non-duality, the One, singular consciousness.

The Ancient Egyptians called the disciplines of Yoga in Ancient Egypt by the term “Smai Tawi.” So what does Smai Tawi mean?

by the term “ Smai Tawi.” So what does Smai Tawi mean? Smai Tawi (From Chapter

Smai Tawi (From Chapter 4 of the Prt m Hru)

The Ancient Egyptian Symbols of Yoga

(†)

the Prt m Hru ) The Ancient Egyptian Symbols of Yoga (†) (±) A, B, C,
the Prt m Hru ) The Ancient Egyptian Symbols of Yoga (†) (±) A, B, C,
the Prt m Hru ) The Ancient Egyptian Symbols of Yoga (†) (±) A, B, C,

(±)

Prt m Hru ) The Ancient Egyptian Symbols of Yoga (†) (±) A, B, C, D

A,

B,

C,

D

The theme of the arrangement of the symbols above is based on the idea that in mythological and philosophic forms, Egyptian mythology and philosophy merge with world mythology, philosophy and religion. The hieroglyphic symbols at the very top (†) mean: "Know Thyself," "Self knowledge is the basis of all true knowledge" and (±) abbreviated forms of Smai taui, signifies “Egyptian Yoga.” The next four below represent the four words in Egyptian Philosophy, which mean "YOGA." They are:

(A) "Nefer"(B) "Sema" (C) "Ankh" and (D) "Hetep.”

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The Mysteries of Amun And The Supreme Wisdom of Enlightenment

The Term “Egyptian Yoga” and The Philosophy Behind It

As previously discussed, Yoga in all of its forms were practiced in Egypt apparently earlier than anywhere else in our history. This point of view is supported by the fact that there is documented scriptural and iconographical evidence of the disciplines of virtuous living, dietary purification, study of the wisdom teachings and their practice in daily life, psychophysical and psycho-spiritual exercises and meditation being practiced in Ancient Egypt, long before the evidence of its existence is detected in India (including the Indus Valley Civilization) or any other early civilization (Sumer, Greece, China, etc.).

The teachings of Yoga are at the heart of Prt m Hru. As explained earlier, the word “Yoga” is a Sanskrit term meaning to unite the individual with the Cosmic. The term has been used in certain parts of this book for ease of communication since the word “Yoga” has received wide popularity especially in western countries in recent years. The Ancient Egyptian equivalent term to the Sanskrit word yoga is: “Smai.” Smai means union, and the following determinative terms give it a spiritual significance, at once equating it with the term “Yoga” as it is used in India. When used in conjunction with the Ancient Egyptian symbol which means land, “Ta,” the term “union of the two lands” arises.

In Chapter 4 and Chapter 17 of the Prt m Hru, a term “Smai Tawi” is used. It means “Union of the two lands of Egypt,” ergo “Egyptian Yoga.” The two lands refer to the two main districts of the country (North and South). In ancient times, Egypt was divided into two sections or land areas. These were known as Lower and Upper Egypt. In Ancient Egyptian mystical philosophy, the land of Upper Egypt relates to the divinity Heru (Heru), who represents the Higher Self, and the land of Lower Egypt relates to Set, the divinity of the lower self. So Smai Taui means “the union of the two lands” or the “Union of the lower self with the Higher Self. The lower self relates to that which is negative and uncontrolled in the human mind including worldliness, egoism, ignorance, etc. (Set), while the Higher Self relates to that which is above temptations and is good in the human heart as well as in touch with transcendental consciousness (Heru). Thus, we also have the Ancient Egyptian term Smai Heru-Set, or the union of Heru and Set. So Smai Taui or Smai Heru-Set are the Ancient Egyptian words which are to be translated as “Egyptian Yoga.”

Above: the main symbol of Egyptian Yoga: Sma. The Ancient Egyptian language and symbols provide the first "historical" record of Yoga Philosophy and Religious literature. The hieroglyph Sma, ?"Sema,” represented by the union of two lungs and the trachea, symbolizes that the union of the duality, that is, the Higher Self and lower self, leads to Non-duality, the One, singular consciousness.

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Egyptian Yoga Volume II

Egyptian Yoga Volume II Above left: Smai Heru-Set, Heru and Set join forces to tie up

Above left: Smai Heru-Set, Heru and Set join forces to tie up the symbol of Union (Sema –see (B) above). The Sema symbol refers to the Union of Upper Egypt (Lotus) and Lower Egypt (Papyrus) under one ruler, but also at a more subtle level, it refers to the union of one's Higher Self and lower self (Heru and Set), as well as the control of one's breath (Life Force) through the union (control) of the lungs (breathing organs). The character of Heru and Set are an integral part of the Pert Em Heru.

The central and most popular character within Ancient Egyptian Religion of Asar is Heru, who is an incarnation of his father, Asar. Asar is killed by his brother Set who, out of greed and demoniac (Setian) tendency, craved to be the ruler of Egypt. With the help of Djehuti, the God of wisdom, Aset, the great mother and Hetheru, his consort, Heru prevailed in the battle against Set for the rulership of Kemit (Egypt). Heru's struggle symbolizes the struggle of every human being to regain rulership of the Higher Self and to subdue the lower self.

The most ancient writings in our historical period are from the Ancient Egyptians. These writings are referred to as hieroglyphics. The original name given to these writings by the Ancient Egyptians is Metu Neter, meaning "the writing of God" or Neter Metu or "Divine Speech." These writings were inscribed in temples, coffins and papyruses and contained the teachings in reference to the spiritual nature of the human being and the ways to promote spiritual emancipation, awakening or resurrection. The Ancient Egyptian proverbs presented in this text are translations from the original hieroglyphic scriptures. An example of hieroglyphic text was presented above in the form of the text of Smai Taui or “Egyptian Yoga.”

Egyptian Philosophy may be summed up in the following proverbs, which clearly state that the soul is heavenly or divine and that the human being must awaken to the true reality, which is the Spirit, Self.

"Self knowledge is the basis of true knowledge."

"Soul to heaven, body to earth."

38

The Mysteries of Amun And The Supreme Wisdom of Enlightenment

"Man is to become God-like through a life of virtue and the cultivation of the spirit through scientific knowledge, practice and bodily discipline."

"Salvation is accomplished through the efforts of the individual. There is no mediator between man and {his/her} salvation."

"Salvation is the freeing of the soul from its bodily fetters, becoming a God through knowledge and wisdom, controlling the forces of the cosmos instead of being a slave to them, subduing the lower nature and through awakening the Higher Self, ending the cycle of rebirth and dwelling with the Neters who direct and control the Great Plan."

Egyptian Yoga is a revolutionary new way to understand and practice Ancient Egyptian Mysticism, the Ancient Egyptian mystical religion (Shetaut Neter). Egyptian Yoga is what has been commonly referred to by Egyptologists as Egyptian "Religion" or "Mythology," but to think of it as just another set of stories or allegories about a long lost civilization is to completely miss the greatest secret of human existence. What is Yoga? The literal meaning of the word YOGA is to "YOKE" or to "LINK" back. The implication is to link back individual consciousness to its original source, the original essence:

Universal Consciousness. In a broad sense Yoga is any process which helps one to achieve liberation or freedom from the bondage to human pain and spiritual ignorance. So whenever you engage in any activity with the goal of promoting the discovery of your true Self, be it studying the wisdom teachings, exercise, fasting, meditation, breath control, rituals, chanting, prayer, etc., you are practicing yoga. If the goal is to help you to discover your essential nature as one with God or the Supreme Being or Consciousness, then it is Yoga. Yoga, in all of its forms as the disciplines of spiritual development, as practiced in Ancient Egypt earlier than anywhere else in history. The ancient scriptures describe how Asar, the first mythical king of Ancient Egypt, traveled throughout Asia and Europe establishing civilization and the practice of religion. This partially explains why the teachings of mystical spirituality known as Yoga and Vedanta in India are so similar to the teachings of Shetaut Neter (Ancient Egyptian religion - Egyptian Yoga. This unique perspective from the highest philosophical system which developed in Africa over seven thousand years ago provides a new way to look at life, religion, psychology and the way to spiritual development leading to spiritual Enlightenment. So Egyptian Yoga is not merely a philosophy but a discipline for promoting spiritual evolution in a human being, allowing him or her to discover the ultimate truth, supreme peace and utmost joy which lies within the human heart. These are the true worthwhile goals of life. Anything else is settling for less. It would be like a personality who owns vast riches thinking that he is poor and homeless. Every human being has the potential to discover the greatest treasure of all existence if they apply themselves to the study and practice of the teachings of Yoga with the proper guidance. Sema (?) is the Ancient Egyptian word and symbol meaning union or Yoga. This is the vision of Egyptian Yoga.

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Egyptian Yoga Volume II

The Study of Yoga

When we look out upon the world, we are often baffled by the multiplicity, which constitutes the human experience. What do we really know about this experience? Many scientific disciplines have developed over the last two hundred years for the purpose of discovering the mysteries of nature, but this search has only engendered new questions about the nature of existence. Yoga is a discipline or way of life designed to promote the physical, mental and spiritual development of the human being. It leads a person to discover the answers to the most important questions of life such as, Who am I? Why am I here? Where am I going?

As explained earlier, the literal meaning of the word Yoga is to “Yoke” or to “Link” back, the implication being to link the individual consciousness back to the original source, the original essence, that which transcends all mental and intellectual attempts at comprehension, but which is the essential nature of everything in Creation, termed “Universal Consciousness. While in the strict sense, Yoga may be seen as a separate discipline from religion, yoga and religion have been linked at many points throughout history and continue to be linked even today. In a manner of speaking, Yoga as a discipline may be seen as a non-sectarian transpersonal science or practice to promote spiritual development and harmony of mind and body thorough mental and physical disciplines including meditation, psycho-physical exercises, and performing action with the correct attitude.

The teachings which were practiced in the Ancient Egyptian temples were the same ones later intellectually defined into a literary form by the Indian Sages of Vedanta and Yoga. This was discussed in our book Egyptian Yoga: The Philosophy of Enlightenment. The Indian Mysteries of Yoga and Vedanta may therefore be understood as representing an unfolding exposition of the Egyptian Mysteries.

The question is how to accomplish these seemingly impossible tasks? How to transform yourself and realize the deepest mysteries of existence? How to discover “Who am I?” This is the mission of Yoga Philosophy and the purpose of yogic practices. Yoga does not seek to convert or impose religious beliefs on any one. Ancient Egypt was the source of civilization and the source of religion and Yoga. Therefore, all systems of mystical spirituality can coexist harmoniously within these teachings when they are correctly understood.

The goal of yoga is to promote integration of the mind-body-spirit complex in order to produce optimal health of the human being. This is accomplished through mental and physical exercises which promote the free flow of spiritual energy by reducing mental complexes caused by ignorance. There are two roads which human beings can follow, one of wisdom and the other of ignorance. The path of the masses is generally the path of ignorance which leads them into negative situations, thoughts and deeds. These in turn lead to ill health and sorrow in life. The other road is based on wisdom and it leads to health, true happiness and enlightenment.

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The Mysteries of Amun And The Supreme Wisdom of Enlightenment

The central and most popular character within ancient Egyptian Religion of Asar is Heru who is an incarnation of his father, Asar. Asar is killed by his brother Set who, out of greed and demoniac (Setian) tendency, craves to be the ruler of Egypt. With the help of Djehuti, the God of wisdom, Aset, the great mother and Hetheru, his consort, Heru prevails in the battle against Set for the rulership of Egypt. Heru' struggle symbolizes the struggle of every human being to regain rulership of the Higher Self and to subdue the lower self. With this understanding, the land of Egypt is equivalent to the Kingdom/Queendom concept of Christianity.

The most ancient writings in our historical period are from the ancient Egyptians. These writings are referred to as hieroglyphics. Also, the most ancient civilization known was the ancient Egyptian civilization. The proof of this lies in the ancient Sphinx which is over 12,000 years old. The original name given to these writings by the ancient Egyptians is Metu Neter, meaning "the writing of God" or Neter Metu or "Divine Speech." These writings were inscribed in temples, coffins and papyruses and contained the teachings in reference to the spiritual nature of the human being and the ways to promote spiritual emancipation, awakening or resurrection. The —Ancient Egyptian Proverbs presented in this text are translations from the original hieroglyphic scriptures. An example of hieroglyphic text is presented on the front cover.

Egyptian Philosophy may be summed up in the following proverbs which clearly state that the soul is heavenly or divine and that the human being must awaken to the true reality which is the spirit Self. "Self knowledge is the basis of true knowledge."

"Soul to heaven, body to earth."

"Man is to become God-like through a life of virtue and the cultivation of the spirit through scientific knowledge, practice and bodily discipline."

"Salvation is accomplished through the efforts of the individual. There is no mediator between man and his / her salvation."

"Salvation is the freeing of the soul from its bodily fetters, becoming a God through knowledge and wisdom, controlling the forces of the cosmos instead of being a slave to them, subduing the lower nature and through awakening the Higher Self, ending the cycle of rebirth and dwelling with the Neters who direct and control the Great Plan."

dwelling with the Neters who direct and control the Great Plan." Smai Tawi (From Chapter 4

Smai Tawi (From Chapter 4 of the Prt m Hru)

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Egyptian Yoga Volume II

The Great Truths of Neterianism are realized by means of Four Spiritual Disciplines in Three Steps

The four disciples are: Rekh Shedy (Wisdom), Ari Shedy (Righteous Action and Selfless Service), Uashu (Ushet) Shedy (Devotion) and Uaa Shedy (Meditation)

The Three Steps are: Listening, Ritual, and Meditation

SEDJM REKH SHEDY

L

I

S

T

E

N

R

I

T

U

A

L

M

E

D

I

T

A

T

E

EDJM R EKH S HEDY L I S T E N R I T U A

Sedjm REKH Shedy - Listening to the WISDOM of the Neterian Traditions

Shetaut Asar

Shetaut Anu

Shetaut Menefer

Shetaut Waset

Shetaut Netrit

Shetaut Aton

– Teachings of the Asarian Tradition

– Teachings of the Ra Tradition

– Teachings of the Ptah Tradition

– Teachings of the Amun Tradition

– Teachings of the Goddess Tradition

– Teachings of the Aton Tradition

ARI SHEDY

Ari Maat Shedy – Righteous Actions – Purifies the GROSS impurities of the Heart

Maat Shedy

Maat Aakhu

Maat Aru

– True Study of the Ways of hidden nature of Neter

– True Deeds that lead to glory

– True Ritual

UASHU (USHET) SHEDY

Ushet Shedy – Devotion to the Divine – Purifies the EMOTIONAL impurities of the Heart

Sema Paut

Shmai

– Divine Music

– Meditation in motion

– Divine Offerings – Selfless-Service – virtue -

Neter Arit

UAA SHEDY

Uaa m Neter Shedy - nPP"b¢

Meditation Experience the Transcendental

Supreme Self. The five forms of Neterian Meditation discipline include.

Ari Sma Maat, -

Nuk Pu-Ushet, -

Nuk Ra Akhu, -

Rekh – Khemn, -Meditation on the Wisdom Teaching

Arat Sekhem,

-

Meditation on the Subtle Life Force

Meditation on the Righteous action

Meditation on the I am

Meditation on the Glorious Light

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The Mysteries of Amun And The Supreme Wisdom of Enlightenment

Summary of The Great Truths and the Shedy Paths to their Realization

GreatGreatGreatGreat

TruthsTruthsTruthsTruths

I

God is One and in all things manifesting through the Neteru

I I Unrighteousness brings fetters and these cause ignorance of truth

(#1)

I I I Devotion to God allows the personality to free itself from the fetters

I I I I The Shedy disciplines are the greatest form of worship of the Divine

·

are the greatest form of worship of the Divine · Shedy Disciplines I Listen to the

Shedy

Disciplines

I

Listen to the Wisdom Teachings (Become Wise) Learn the mysteries as taught by an authentic teacher which allows this profound statement to be understood.form of worship of the Divine · Shedy Disciplines I I I Acting (Living) by Truth

which allows this profound statement to be understood. I I Acting (Living) by Truth Apply the

I I Acting (Living) by Truth Apply the Philosophy of right action to become virtuous and purify the heartI I

I I I Devotion to the Divine Worship, ritual and divine love allows the personality purified by truth to eradicate the subtle ignorance that binds it to mortal existence.

I I I I Meditation Allows the whole person to go beyond the world of time and space and Meditation Allows the whole person to go beyond the world of time and space and the
gross and subtle ignorance of mortal human existence to discover that which transcends time and space.I I I I Meditation Allows the whole person to go beyond the world of time

existence to discover that which transcends time and space. Great Awakening Occurs when all of the
existence to discover that which transcends time and space. Great Awakening Occurs when all of the
existence to discover that which transcends time and space. Great Awakening Occurs when all of the
existence to discover that which transcends time and space. Great Awakening Occurs when all of the
existence to discover that which transcends time and space. Great Awakening Occurs when all of the
existence to discover that which transcends time and space. Great Awakening Occurs when all of the

Great Awakening Occurs when all of the Great Truths have been realized by perfection of the Shedy disciplines to realize their true nature and actually experience oneness with the transcendental Supreme Being.

See the book Initiation Into Egyptian Yoga

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Egyptian Yoga Volume II

N

Ë»

BK

%·

Het Amun (Temple of Amun) 9

9 Great temple of Amun in Waset (Thebes/Luxor, Egypt-Africa)

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The Mysteries of Amun And The Supreme Wisdom of Enlightenment

CHAPTER I: Who is AMUN?

Ë»

BK

%·

Éi\fK

45

Egyptian Yoga Volume II

Introduction

The wisdom of Ancient Egypt has long fascinated the world due to the massive structures and the plentiful inscriptions telling of a vast culture which was capable of unimaginable feats of engineering while at the same time being spiritually rooted. The spiritual roots of Ancient Egypt were the backbone of the society in every aspect. The strength that came from spiritual awareness was the force that engendered the creation of the most spiritually advanced society in our history.

In Part 1 of this volume we will present an Introduction to the Hymns of Amun. This work will provide a basic understanding of what is referred to as Theban Theology. It will also provide an introduction to the mystical philosophy of Ancient Egypt through the philosophy as it was practiced in the Ancient Egyptian City of Waset or Newt, also known as Thebes by the Western countries. Before entering into the introduction to the Hymns of Amun, we must first understand some basic principles of Ancient Egyptian Religion and Mythology. Then we will need to have a basic understanding of the period of time in which the Ancient Egyptians lived and who they were as a people.

Waset is the city of Ancient Egypt that was named Thebes by the Greeks, who knew it also, as Diospolis (“heavenly city”). Thebes is the city identified in the Old Testament as No (“city”), No-Amon (“city of Amon”), Anu (city of Ra) and Hetkaptah (city of Ptah). In Ancient Egypt, Waset was synonymous with the Beautiful West or the mythical city where the Supreme Being in the form of Amun, Ra, Ptah or Asar abides. Thus the West was the highest goal of every human being because it was the place where unity with God is possible and where supreme peace and bliss can be experienced for all eternity. In much the same way as the sun is born in the east, rises and sets in the west, every human being is seen as a traveler. He or she comes into the world of human experience and one day dies with the hopes of reaching the west, where God, in the form of the sundisk (Ra), also ends up each day to complete the cycle of time. So where is this coveted western land? Is it simply a myth or is it actually possible to find this peace and bliss even in our own times? This question is the objective of our study.

our own times? This question is the objective of our study. Late Period depiction of Neberdjer

Late Period depiction of Neberdjer 10 “The All-encompassing God.”

The All-God unites the attributes of

all

Egyptian

deities,

Khepri,

10 Also pronounced as Nebertcher.

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The Mysteries of Amun And The Supreme Wisdom of Enlightenment

Amun, Amsu, Ra, two plumes symbolizing Aset and Nebethet (Aset and Nephthys) and a male phallus, etc., with male emphasis.

"Neberdjer: Everything is Amun-Ra-Ptah, three in one." -Ancient Egyptian Proverb

Ancient Egyptian Mythology centered around the Creation of the universe out of a Primeval Ocean. 11 This ocean was formless and homogenous. From this original essence, the Supreme Being arose in the form of an all-encompassing Supreme Being known as Neberdjer (All-encompassing existence) or Pa Neter (The Supreme Being). Neberdjer is an androgynous, formless being. However, Neberdjer received many symbolic names and forms throughout the vast Ancient Egyptian history. Neberdjer, also known as Pa Neter or “The God,” distinguishing the Supreme Divinity from the neteru, the Gods and Goddesses , which symbolizes cosmic powers through which the Supreme Being manifests. Many forms were associated with the Supreme Divinity. These included both male and female forms. Thus, the Ancient Egyptian gods, Asar and Amun, who were male, were also known as Neberdjer. The Ancient Egyptian cow goddess, Mehurt, was also known as Neberdjer, the source of creation. In order to engender Creation, Neberdjer transformed into a Trinity, Amun-Ra-Ptah. This signifies that from a self-existent, singular and formless mass (Nu, the Primeval Ocean) the phenomenal universe consisting of objects with forms that have been given names, arises. For our study, we will use the words Supreme Divinity, Supreme Being, Pa Neter, Neberdjer, God, Divine Self, and The Self, interchangeably, to refer to the same Supreme Spirit.

Self, interchangeably, to refer to the same Supreme Spirit. Above: Late Period depiction of Neberdjer. The

Above: Late Period depiction of Neberdjer. The All-God- Neberdjer encompassing all the aspects of other divinities and in control of nature as symbolized by the seven animals encircled by the serpent and the ones being held with the left hand.

The teaching of Neberdjer: Amun-Ra-Ptah is a profound study of mystical philosophy which encompasses the nature of Creation, Divinity and the origins and destiny of human life. It involves a study of the very makeup of the human heart (consciousness) and the way towards realizing the greatest goal of human existence. Thus, to believe that Ancient Egyptian Mythology and Mystical Religion is merely a fictitious yarn about some mythical characters is to entirely miss a most important teaching about the purpose of human life

11 Also referred to as the Primeval Waters.

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Egyptian Yoga Volume II

and the supreme goal of human existence, Spiritual Enlightenment, the discovery of the nature of God.

Ancient Egyptian Religion developed over a period of tens of thousands of years. 12 Each segment of the four-fold system of mystical philosophy (Neberdjer, Amun, Ra, Ptah) in Ancient Egyptian Theban Religion as it is known today, originates in the Ancient Egyptian city of Anu, known to the Ancient Greeks as Heliopolis or the city of the sun. The presiding symbol of the Supreme Divinity was known there as Ra.

In the creation story involving the Ausarian Mysteries 13 , Asar assumes the role of Khepera and Tem:

"Neb-er-tcher saith, I am the creator of what hath come into being, and I myself came into being under the form of the god Khepera, and I came into being in primeval time. I had union with my hand, and I embraced my shadow in a love embrace; I poured seed into my own mouth, and I sent forth from myself issue in the form of the gods Shu and Tefnut." "I came into being in the form of Khepera, and I was the creator of what came into being, I formed myself out of the primeval matter, and I formed myself in the primeval matter. My name is Ausares (Asar).

I was alone, for the Gods and Goddesses were not yet born, and I had emitted from myself neither Shu nor Tefnut. I brought into my own mouth, hekau, and I forthwith came into being under the form of things which were created under the form of Khepera."

Neberdjer

߉K

(All-encompassing divinity-eternity-the absolute)

Amun

Ë»BK%·

(Hidden essence of creation-witnessing consciousness)

Ra

$K

(Mind and senses-Life force of creation)

12 See the book The Cycles of Time, by Dr. Muata Ashby.

13 See the books The Ausarian Resurrection: The Ancient Egyptian Bible and The Mystical Teachings of The Ausarian Resurrection: Initiation Into The Third Level of Shetaut Asar.

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The Mysteries of Amun And The Supreme Wisdom of Enlightenment

Ptah

è

?

/

(Heaven and earth-the physical universe)

These passages all point to the fact that while the name of the Supreme Being has changed under the different priesthoods, these are merely different expressions of the same principles and teachings which even use the same wording, therefore, there is no discontinuity or confusion within the theology. More importantly, the last passage reminds us that all of the names and forms are merely outward expressions of the Supreme Being,

Neb-er-tcher, in its physical manifestation. Neberdjer who signifies the all-encompassing

The Trinity as

being is the source of the Trinity. Neberdjer includes all male and female aspects of the

manifestation

Trinity and is therefore to be understood as the androgynous and primordial being from

which arose all names and forms, all Gods and Goddesses , all creation.

of Neberdjer.

The other important point in this passage is that Asar states that he brought himself, and thereby creation, into being by the just uttering his own name. The idea of the primeval utterance which emerges out of the hidden regions of existence and into the realm of time and space is taken up here by the priests of Asar.

Sekhmet-Bast-Ra The All - Goddess

She is the union of the vulture (Mut), lioness (Sekhmet), human female with wings, two plumes (Aset and Nebthet) and a male phallus.

An important, but less known form of the Ancient Egyptian Goddess is known as Sekhmet-Bast-Ra. Sekhmet-Bast-Ra is a composite depiction of the Goddess encompassing all of the attributes of the goddesses as well as the attributes of the gods. This is a recognition that all things in Creation are not absolutely female or male. All of Creation is a combination of male and female elements. Therefore, since Creation is androgynous, so too Divinity and the human soul are also androgynous. This understanding is reflected in the following instruction from Aset to Heru (Horus) from the Ausarian Resurrection. “Sex is a thing of bodies, not of souls”

instruction from Aset to Heru (Horus) from the Ausarian Resurrection. “Sex is a thing of bodies,

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Egyptian Yoga Volume II

The Mystical Creation Myth

Set — Nebthet

Ra-Tem

Hathor

Djehuti

Maat Shu Tefnut Geb Nut

Asar Aset Heru (Horus)

Asar Nebthet Anubis

The diagram above shows that the Psedjet (Ennead), the creative principles that are embodied in the primordial neteru (Gods and Goddesses) of creation, emanated from the Supreme Being. Ra or Ra-Tem arose out of the Nu, the Primeval Ocean, the hidden essence, and began sailing the “Boat of Millions of Years” which included the Company of Gods and Goddesses . On his boat emerged the neteru, the Gods and Goddesses who symbolize the cosmic principles of Creation. The neteru of the Ennead are Ra-Atum, Shu, Tefnut, Geb, Nut, Asar, Aset, Set, and Nebthet. Hathor, Djehuti ( dehuti) and Maat represent attributes of the Supreme Being as the very stuff or substratum which makes up creation. Shu, Tefnut, Geb, Nut, Asar, Aset, Set, and Nebthet represent the principles upon which creation manifests. Anubis is not part of the Ennead. He represents the feature of intellectual discrimination in the Ausarian myth. “Sailing” signifies the beginning of motion in creation. Motion implies that events occur in the realm of time and space, thus, the phenomenal universe comes into existence as a mass of moving essence we call the elements. Prior to this motion, there was the primeval state of being without any form and without existence in time or space.

without any form and without existence in time or space. Above: The Creation: Ra emerges from

Above: The Creation: Ra emerges from the Nu (primeval waters) along with the Company of Gods and Goddesses .

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The Mysteries of Amun And The Supreme Wisdom of Enlightenment

God rises out of the primeval waters and His continuous motion through the cosmos sustains the universe. This same barque is constantly attacked by the evil forces headed by the serpent Apep. Apep represents the fetters of the soul. It is the task of the initiate to eradicate the obstructions (Apep) from the path of spiritual progress. Sublimating the Setian forces, the lower self, represented by Set, can do this.

forces, the lower self, represented by Set, can do this. Above: The Great Trinity of Ancient
forces, the lower self, represented by Set, can do this. Above: The Great Trinity of Ancient
forces, the lower self, represented by Set, can do this. Above: The Great Trinity of Ancient
forces, the lower self, represented by Set, can do this. Above: The Great Trinity of Ancient
forces, the lower self, represented by Set, can do this. Above: The Great Trinity of Ancient

Above: The Great Trinity of Ancient Egypt including both male and female principles. A-Amun and Amenit or Amunet (Mut), B- Ra and Rai, C- Ptah and Sekhmet.

The Mysteries of Anu are considered to be the oldest exposition of the teachings of Creation and they formed a foundation for the unfoldment of the teachings of mystical spirituality which followed in the mysteries of the city of Hetkaptah through the Divinity in the name Ptah, and the Mysteries of Newt (Waset or Thebes), through the Divinity in the name Amun. With each succeeding exposition, the teaching becomes more and more refined until it reaches its quintessence in the Hymns of Amun. Thus, while each of the divinities in the Ancient Egyptian Trinity (Amun-Ra-Ptah) are related, in their own tutelary way they assume the form of the High Divinity or Supreme Being with name and form. However, as we have seen, they are only representations or symbols (representation with name and form) of the transcendental androgynous Divinity which is without name or form who is referred to as Neberdjer. This understanding holds vast implications for the comprehension of Ancient Egyptian Religion and its message in reference to the human soul because the human soul is related to Neberdjer just as the Trinity is related to Neberdjer. How is this possible? This is the teaching of the Hymns of Amun.

This work represents an introduction to the sacred scriptures from one segment of the Ancient Egyptian Trinity. It is provided for those who would like to begin their studies of Theban Theology and to practice the teachings contained therein. These sacred scriptures encompassed in the Hymns-Hessu are to be used for praying, chanting, memorizing and repeating, and should be studied ardently. When they are propitiated-Amma, in this manner, they bestow spiritual wisdom-Såa, mental calm and spiritual upliftment.

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Egyptian Yoga Volume II

The Deeper Aspect of Amun

The concept behind the teaching of Amun is the central theme of not only Ancient Egyptian Religion and mystical philosophy, but also of every world religion and of modern physics as well. The idea of Amun has been mythologized by Sages in such a fashion that the continuous study of the teachings and myths reveal increasingly more profound layers of the mystery of life. The outer layers are shed through understanding of the philosophical ideas and teachings. When understanding reaches an intuitive level through the study and practice of the teachings, the core wherein lies the discovery of the true essence of mystical religious philosophies is revealed.

The name Amun appears in the remotest times of Egyptian history and came to

prominence in the ancient city of Waset (Thebes), Egypt. The mysteries of Amun represent

a quintessence of Egyptian philosophy concerning the nature of the un-manifest aspect of

all existence and the understanding of human consciousness. This teaching speaks of God as an un-manifest, nameless, formless Being of Light which is the source of all that is manifest. The formless Being of Light also became known as the Nu, the Watery Abyss and as Amun, the Witnessing Self. In the Ancient Egyptian Shabaka Inscription, this teaching was espoused with Ptah assuming the role of the manifestation of the un-manifest Self.

In Egypt, the concept of God, the ultimate and absolute reality-Un maat behind all physical manifestations, was called Amn or Amun 14 or Neberdjer or Pa Neter. In Hindu mythology, it is Brahman, to the Taoists, it is The Tao, in Judaism it is referred to as Yahweh, in Islam it is Allah, in Christianity it is God the Father and The Kingdom of Heaven, and to modern physics it is Energy. In Indian mystical philosophy the inner Self is referred to as Antar Amin. The similarity in the terms used to denote The Self in Ancient Egypt and India

is evident.

Since the most ancient times of Egyptian civilization, a nameless, formless, gender-less "Supreme God," was also referred to as "Neter Neteru" (God of gods), and as "The Hidden One," until later times when myths were constructed for the understanding of the common people which made use of symbols or forms. Thus, representations of God began to appear, first in zoomorphic forms (using animals to convey a symbolic image), and then in anthropomorphic (human) forms. "Pa Neter" or "The God" was thought of as a Father- Mother Creator God and must not be confused with the "neteru" or "gods and goddesses," which represented the cosmic forces of the Universe which emanate from Pa Neter.

Prior to creating, the Creator is viewed as both female and male until creation is created, at which time creation becomes the female principle (Creation) and the mover- vivifier (God), becomes the male principle (Spirit) . This is the beginning of duality coming

14 Other spellings include Amun, Amen, Amon, Amonu, Amunu.

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The Mysteries of Amun And The Supreme Wisdom of Enlightenment

out of non-duality. From an advanced point of view however, God is neither male nor female, but God is the source from which the Gods and Goddesses (neteru), men and women and all creation comes. Therefore, the concept of "Pa Neter" encompasses a concept that goes beyond ordinary human - mental understanding of God. For the "common folk," "Pa Neter" was referred to as Amon - Ra - Ptah, the Holy Trinity, or as Asar, Aset, Heru (Horus), Hathor, etc., and was represented by various symbols such as the Sundisk or a single flag, as well as other symbols. These symbols contain deep mystical significance and hold formulas which convey mystical teachings about ourselves and the nature of existence.

Each divine aspect and symbol for the Divine carries with it certain specific pieces of information which, when put together through intuitive understanding, reveal the wholeness of creation and of human consciousness. Thus, through each major High God and his Consort, different levels of mystical wisdom are revealed. In three of the major cosmological systems of Ancient Egypt, mystical wisdom is revealed through the symbolic representation of the deities and through their relationships. The relationships of the deities constitute the different “Companies” (Paut Neteru) of gods who are in the following of the High (Supreme) God (Neter Neteru). Further, the Companies reveal that the Supreme Being exists in the un-manifest form and manifests as a Trinity (Amun-Ra-Ptah), and also as the different principles which are represented by the various Gods and Goddesses (Neteru). In this manner, the ancient texts themselves proclaim that Amun is One and Alone, Ptah is One and Alone, and Ra is One and Alone. All deities are One because they represent the One Supreme Being, so there is no conflict because there are no differences between them; they are only symbols of certain characteristic principles of the same Divine Self, so their differences are of appearance only. Thus, the concept of the High God must be interpreted in a much broader sense than in the stricter dogmatic religious philosophies. The High God is androgynous, therefore, male or female deities may serve the role of High God as is needed for the particular doctrine and wisdom teaching. Thus, Amun, Ra, Ptah, Asar, Heru (Horus), Khepera, Aset, Hathor, Mut, Nut, etc., are all representatives or representations of the Supreme Deity which is beyond name and form, though manifesting with name and form.

By looking at the various deities with an insight into the principles they represent and their relationships to the absolute Supreme Being (Pa Neter), the correct understanding emerges with respect to the androgynous nature and origin of the soul. In ancient texts, Aset informs Heru (Horus) that sex is a thing of bodies and not of souls and elsewhere, we are instructed that the body belongs to the earth and the soul to heaven. Therefore, you are to understand that the task of the mysteries of Yoga involve a shifting of your conscious identification from the body to the soul essence. With this understanding, the concept of Pa Neter includes the female element. So when Aset says she is All that is and All that shall ever be and Hathor is described as One and Alone, you can understand these statements as all being true.

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Furthermore, all deities of other religions (Jesus, Krishna, Buddha, etc.) are One as well, in that they are symbols and representations of the One ultimate reality behind all names and forms. So whatever deity is chosen for worship, there is no conflict because the true object of worship is the transcendental reality behind the form of the deity. In this manner, religion progresses from the ritualistic level where the external form of the Divine is worshipped to the mythical level, wherein the particular deity is worshipped as a representation of the Divine. Finally, religious movement progresses to the metaphysical or mystical level where the deities are intentionally understood to be representations of the divine essence underlying all things, which is the innermost reality of yourself. With this understanding, the essence of God within the innermost recesses of your heart is revealed.

Below: The ram of Amun and the Uraeus Goddess.

is revealed. Below: The ram of Amun and the Uraeus Goddess. In the same manner that

In the same manner that Hindu deities such as Shiva and Krishna are pictures with their consorts Parvati and Radha, respectively, who represent their shakti (manifesting energy or power), Amun is pictured with his female Sekhem or power in her name as Arat (the Uraeus).

So any deity may be chosen according to the level of understanding and meskhenet (karmic) inclination of the individual. There are varied forms of religions and yoga disciplines in existence because there are varied human personalities. Further, since all things in creation are in reality manifestations of God, everything in creation is divine and is therefore worthy of deification and reverence. The goal of each and every discipline of yoga is the attainment of the beatific state of Enlightenment wherein all Creation is understood as being Divine.

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The Mysteries of Amun And The Supreme Wisdom of Enlightenment

The Symbols of Amun

æÉi\fK%

Making images of God and the Gods and Goddesses in human likeness can be either helpful or dangerous for the follower. The mind is a wonderful tool for accomplishing seemingly impossible tasks. When it is captivated by something it holds onto it tenaciously and every effort is made to achieve the desired goal. However, it easily indulges in emotion and imagination-Iab, developing attachment to that which it understands, and fear and hatred towards that which it does not.

The danger in religious symbolism arises when the mind becomes fixed on the image or symbol rather than the essence of the symbolic meaning of the symbol or deity being worshipped. Instead of worshipping those qualities and developing them in one's self, the worshipper might believe that those qualities belong to the statue, spiritual entity, painting or "some special person who lived long ago.’ They do not realize that symbols such as Heru (Horus), Christ, and Buddha represent qualities which lie deep within every individual human being and not somewhere "out there" but "right in here," inside the heart. In ancient times, the wise sages chose images which were so far from the norm that the attachment-oriented human mind would not get "hung up" on the “picture,” and thereby concentrate on the meaning. For example: The hawk, the symbol of Heru (Horus), the God of light, signifies the qualities of heaven, accurate vision and speed. When looking at the hawk, T, you should be immediately drawn to those qualities of accurate vision or discrimination between what is real and what is not real, tenacity, speed and freedom, expansion, righteousness, justice, truth, etc.

Symbols have a great psychological significance because, without them, there would be no possibility for the mind to exist, function and interact with creation. A deeper examination of symbols reveals that they are more than just representations of images or ideas. The human mind understands things by first making a mental picture of it and then associating that mental concept with other ideas and thoughts. When you think of a chair, a three dimensional mental image appears in the mind as to what a chair looks like. You do not think of the letters that make up the word C-H-A-I-R. Therefore, symbols are far superior to literary and verbal forms of communication, to efficiently and quickly convey an idea or thought. In literary or verbal forms of communication ideas are expressed through lengthy discussions and explanations. With the hieroglyphic system or other forms of visual-symbolic communication, extremely complex ideas and concepts are conveyed at the speed of the mind’s perception through the senses. After reading this book, you will find that having learned about the symbols, just a glance at them will convey the ideas, thoughts and feelings associated with them.

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Egyptian Yoga Volume II

Egyptian Yoga Volume II Above Left: The Supreme Divinity, Amun, depicted with a zoomorphic form using
Egyptian Yoga Volume II Above Left: The Supreme Divinity, Amun, depicted with a zoomorphic form using

Above Left: The Supreme Divinity, Amun, depicted with a zoomorphic form using the head of a ram and the body of a human being.

Above Right: Amun-Ra: The combination aspect of Amun and Ra in the form of a hawk-headed human.

When you understand that you are not the body, but spirit, it becomes obvious that all your mental notions are only elaborate symbols. In fact, all the objects in creation are really symbols or ideas, not absolute realities, just as the objects in a dream-Resu are only representations based on your unconscious mind and not absolute realities. Therefore, symbols are a vital key to understanding the workings of the mind and the nature of existence. Thoughts themselves are symbols. In Egyptian mythology and philosophy, as well as in other mythological and philosophical systems, it is often necessary to learn about a symbol's meaning(s) by its relation to other symbols.

One of the sacred symbols of Amun is the Khnem (Knum) ram. Amun is associated with the ram because of its virility and pugnacity or power and will to fight. In reference to virility, this metaphorical reference is more of a tantric symbolism than a sexual one. One of God’s most important attributes is the ability to engender or cause the existence of an infinite universe. This infinitude is symbolized by the sexual power of the ram. Khnemu is the aspect of Amun as the Creator Of Men. He sits at the potter’s wheel, fashioning the form of all things in creation. Khnemu also means to join, to build or to unite. Amun is the breath of life and also the breath that is breathed.

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The Mysteries of Amun And The Supreme Wisdom of Enlightenment

Above: Amsu-Min

Amun And The Supreme Wisdom of Enlightenment Above: Amsu-Min Another symbol of Amun is a pregnant

Another symbol of Amun is a pregnant woman, representing the essence or generating Life Force that causes life to exist and be engendered. In much the same way, Amun is associated with Amsu— Min or Menu, the ithyphallic (erect penis) form of Heru (Horus) symbolizing the source of the sexual energy which causes arousal and the generation of life in the realm of time and space (phenomenal universe), and the sublimation of that energy. 15 This same sexual energy, when sublimated, is the power that Heru (Horus) uses in the form represented by Amsu-Min to overthrow the fetters of Set (see the book The Ausarian Resurrection). In the same manner, Amunet, as the consort of Amun, is an androgynous fertility goddess associated with Min and the goddesses Neith-Amunet, Ahat-Amunet and Aset-Amunet. In association with the vulture as Mut, she represents nature, the feminine power which assimilates, recycles and regenerates dead matter and brings it back to life again. Therefore, Mut is the Great Mother, nature itself, which is the field in which material things come to life and to which they return at the time of death, She is the consort of the Spirit (The Self).

of death, She is the consort of the Spirit (The Self) . Above: Khnemu or Khnum,

Above: Khnemu or Khnum, a form of Amun as the “fashioner of men,” is seen here creating a human being. Knum in the act of creating a child and it’s Ka. He fashions the body in accordance with the fortune and destiny that has been allotted to it by Djehuti. This outlines the span of life of each human being according to his or her karmic past and the persons evolutionary needs. 16

15 see Egyptian Tantra Yoga: The Art of Sex Sublimation and Universal Consciousness.

16 See verses 15, 16, 40 and 43 of the Hymns of Amun.

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Egyptian Yoga Volume II Above left and right: The anthropomorphic form of Amun with double plumes,

Above left and right: The anthropomorphic form of Amun with double plumes, moon-bulls tail, “ankh amulet” and “Was scepter.”

moon-bulls tail, “ankh amulet” and “Was scepter.” A b o v e : The forms of

Above: The forms of Khonsu, The Traveler, offspring of Amun and Mut (Amunet).

In short, Amun is the origin and essence of all things and is the innermost reality of all human beings. Amun is the same Life Force essence which manifests through the sun (Ra), therefore, Amun is known as Amun-Ra. Since Amun and his consort Amunet (Mut) are in reality one being who manifests as a duality, encompassing all the pairs of opposites, Amun is also known as Ka-Mut-F or the Bull Of His Mother, signifying that the hidden soul

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The Mysteries of Amun And The Supreme Wisdom of Enlightenment

within all things has the power to exist and generate life from within itself. Therefore, all life is an expression of the self-existent being, beyond time and space though manifesting as time and space, and all objects in creation. Amun is shown in the Books of the Duat 17 holding a serpent-shaped scepter. This serpent was called Kam-at-f ³¯$, “He who hath finished His moment.” This serpent, representing creative power, enshrines the soul of Amun. As Amun is neither alive or dead, the serpent surrounding his soul represents creation and the soul is the source and power which sustains creation.

˻BK

Amun

¯u

Mut

¿_¯¥ Ka-Mut-F

Ancient Egyptian writing did not record the vowels in words. This accounts for the wide variety of word spellings and different uses for the same symbols. Further, the symbols may carry a phonetic value, a symbolic value and or a determinative value.

Ancient Egyptian scripture sometimes holds a phonetic value which relates to its spoken characteristics such as pronunciation. The symbolic value relates to its mystical meaning which transcends the ordinary idea of the picture. For example, the eye has the ordinary symbolic value as an organ of vision, however, when used in conjunction with Asar (Asar), it means the “all-seeing,” “witnessing” power of God. The determinative value serves to direct us towards the specific object or idea being spoken about. Determinatives may relate to a single group, an entire class or to gender. Also, symbols may convey a secret value when used in certain unusual ways.

may convey a secret value when used in certain unusual ways. 1 7 Duat is the

17 Duat is the Ancient Egyptian name for the Astral Plane or Netherworld. It also is written as Duat or Duat.

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Above: The ram of Amun in the four-headed aspect symbolizing the all-encompassing nature of the Divine. The Supreme Being encompasses all directions, everything within the directions of East, West, North and South. Also, this motif recalls to mind the four-fold nature of existence, Neberdjer: Amun-Ra-Ptah (Absolute:

Causal-Astral-Physical Planes). It must be clearly understood that the Absolute (God) has no planes of existence or aspects. These terms are used as concepts to assist the mind in grasping the necessary teachings which will allow the mind to transcend its ignorance and thereby expand in understanding and inner discovery. The Self is the ever pure, non-dual essence. The many names and descriptions are used only for instruction.

On the whole, Egyptian hieroglyphic writing was produced for those who had an idea about the philosophy and the context of the teachings. In other words, they were meant for those who had previously been initiated into the mystery teachings. Therefore, the elementary levels of instruction and the esoteric meanings of those symbols were not recorded, but were transmitted orally from generation to generation and meant for those who could decipher the meanings by deductive and intuitional reasoning. Once the principles of mythology are known, the inner meanings of a particular mystical philosophy can be reconstructed by piecing together the references of different symbols in relation to each other and then placing them within a context of a whole teaching. This way of “reading” a mythological system is a key to understanding all mythology. It is a universal principle which reveals the hidden teachings of the mystical meanings of world mythologies.

The symbols of the name of Amun are derived from Ë»BK%· = hidden god, hidden wisdom. In Ancient Egyptian language, the phonetic value of the word Amun is Ëwith the “a” being as the "o" in bottle or “i” as in bite, »= me or mu, B= n as in Nu, the primeval waters of creation. Symbolic meanings include Ë= flowering reed, B= water »= established. The determinative value is: K= God, %= hidden or un-manifest. Therefore, we have: Å-M-U-N (a-mun), the God who is the flowering Life Force which is hidden and established in the waters of consciousness. The similarity to the Hindu name of God, A-U-M (Om), should be noted. In the Leyden Papyrus, a late Ancient Egyptian Magical Papyrus, the word Om appears as one of the names of Amun-Ra. In Column IX entitled Divination by Chons (Khonsu), lines 5 and 6 read as follows:

(5) “Great” is thy name, “Heir” is thy name, “Excellent” is thy name, “Hidden” is thy name. “Mighty one of the gods” is thy name," “He whose name is hidden from all the gods” is thy name, “Om," (6) “Mighty Am” is thy name, “All the gods” is thy name, “Lotus-lion-ram” is thy name,

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The Mysteries of Amun And The Supreme Wisdom of Enlightenment as Left: Mut as the vulture

as

Mysteries of Amun And The Supreme Wisdom of Enlightenment as Left: Mut as the vulture goddess

Left: Mut as the vulture goddess and consort of Amun.

The Relationship between Nubia and Egypt

The situation between Ancient Egypt and Nubia may be likened to that of England and the United states. Far from a racial issue it so happened that the child, Egypt, grew to such stature and glory that surpassed the parent and due to certain cultural differences that developed between the countries there was a vying over control of trade just as two siblings quarrel over clothing or jewelry. The true state of affairs between the two countries became evident when Egypt was besieged and occupied by foreign conquerors. The Nubians lent their support as allies if not family members coming to the rescue of kin in trouble to restore Egypt to her former glory.

The Kingdom of Kerma or Karmah grew in power and ambition and became the economic competitor with Egypt. When Egypt

experienced a period of social upheaval beginning around 1700 B.C.E., when the Hyksos (Asiatics most likely from present-day Syria) conquered lower, or northern, Egypt armies of upper, or southern, Egypt withdrew from lower Nubia and Karmah took over this region. However, soldiers from Karmah fought on both sides in the warfare between the Egyptians

and the
and
the

Hyksos,

pointing to

the

fluidity of the

situation in Nubia

and

ambivalence of the Nubians in this period. The Egyptians began a national war of liberation by around 1570 B.C.E. They waged war first against Karmah because during the war conflict, pharaoh Kamose intercepted a message from the Hyksos ruler to the new king of Karmah which invited Karmah to join forces with Hyksos to conquer Egypt share the spoils between them (Karmah and Hyksos). Egypt moved to reconquered lower Nubia to prevent such an alliance and then the Egyptians drove the Hyksos from Egypt. The ambivalence of the Kingdom of Karmah proved costly for them since Egypt then waged a series of attacks against Karmah until around 1450 B.C.E., when Egypt destroyed the kingdom and its capital. Egypt then occupied Nubia for approximately 500 years, and the Nubians (or Kushites) absorbed Egyptian culture. 18 This period also marked the beginning of the New Kingdom era in Ancient Egyptian history, a period marked by a flowering in Egyptian culture. In the New Kingdom and Late Periods of Ancient Egyptian history the Nubians adopted the architecture and also the worship of Amun particularly in his Ram form. The Nubians also adopted the art of building pyramids but most of these were for use as tombs, somewhat like the pyramid tombs of the kinds of the Ancient Egyptian Old Kingdom Period. This building boom was especially marked during the Meroitic Period of Nubian history. Thus, there is a larger total number of pyramids in Nubia than in Egypt itself.

Above: The God Amun in the form of the Ram headed man.

18 "Kush, Early Kingdom of," Microsoft® Encarta® Africana. ©&(p) 1999 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.

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Above: Pyramid temple Nubian Meroitic (last Nubian capital 4 th century B.C.E. to 3 rd century A.C.E.).

The Nubian Gods and Goddesses in the Kamitic Paut 19

While the divinity Amun was popular in Nubia, this popularity was exemplified in the later periods of Nubian history which began with the New Kingdom Period in Kamit. The Nubian preference was the ram-headed man while the preference in Kamit was either the ram in a completely zoomorphic (animal) form or the divinity as a man with the body and head of a man (anthropomorphic). 20

19 Company of Ancient Egyptian Neteru (Gods and Goddesses) – similar in some ways to the term “Pantheon” meaning All the gods of a people. –American Heritage dictionary 20 See the book African Origins of Civilization, Religion and Yoga Spirituality by Muata Ashby

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The Mysteries of Amun And The Supreme Wisdom of Enlightenment

Above: Pyramid tomb of Nubian King and Egyptian Pharaoh Taharka- Late Period 25 Dynasty –8 th century B.C.E.

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Nubian Meroitic Period Temple complete with pylons. Below: Typical Egyptian New Kingdom Period Temple.

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Above- Nubian Meroitic Period Temple complete with pylons. Below- Typical Egyptian New Kingdom Period Temple.

21

21 Architecture - Medinet Habu temple -New Kingdom – Waset Egypt

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The Main Ancient Egyptian Gods and Goddesses

Yoga Volume II The Main Ancient Egyptian Gods and Goddesses Forms of Amun-Ra –Creator The Main
Yoga Volume II The Main Ancient Egyptian Gods and Goddesses Forms of Amun-Ra –Creator The Main
Yoga Volume II The Main Ancient Egyptian Gods and Goddesses Forms of Amun-Ra –Creator The Main
Yoga Volume II The Main Ancient Egyptian Gods and Goddesses Forms of Amun-Ra –Creator The Main

Forms of Amun-Ra –Creator

The Main Ancient Egyptian Gods and Goddesses

Ra Creator

Ptah – Creator

Atum – Demiurge

C r e a t o r Ptah – Creator Atum – Demiurge Shu – Air
C r e a t o r Ptah – Creator Atum – Demiurge Shu – Air

Shu – Air –Ether

Tefnut-Water

Geb – Earth

Nut – heavens

Djehuti – Intellect – Writing, words

Nut – heavens Djehuti – Intellect – Writing, words Asar – Soul Aset – Wisdom Heru
Nut – heavens Djehuti – Intellect – Writing, words Asar – Soul Aset – Wisdom Heru
Nut – heavens Djehuti – Intellect – Writing, words Asar – Soul Aset – Wisdom Heru

Asar –

Soul

Aset –

Wisdom

Heru –

Kingship, Spiritual

Victory

Apuat –

Discernment

Asar – King of the Dead

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The Mysteries of Amun And The Supreme Wisdom of Enlightenment

The Main Ancient Egyptian Gods and Goddesses Cont.

The Main Ancient Egyptian Gods and Goddesses Cont. Sekhmet – Power of the sun Hethor –

Sekhmet – Power of the sun

Gods and Goddesses Cont. Sekhmet – Power of the sun Hethor – Power of God Mut

Hethor – Power of God

Cont. Sekhmet – Power of the sun Hethor – Power of God Mut – Great Net

Mut – Great

– Power of the sun Hethor – Power of God Mut – Great Net – Decisive

Net – Decisive action, protection

of God Mut – Great Net – Decisive action, protection Min – Generation, Sex Sublimation Nebethet

Min – Generation, Sex Sublimation

action, protection Min – Generation, Sex Sublimation Nebethet - Mortality Bes – Childbirth, merriment, war Hapi

Nebethet -

Mortality

Min – Generation, Sex Sublimation Nebethet - Mortality Bes – Childbirth, merriment, war Hapi – Nile

Bes – Childbirth, merriment, war

Hapi – Nile – water

Bes – Childbirth, merriment, war Hapi – Nile – water Sebek – Crocodile God Power of

Sebek – Crocodile God Power of Nature

– Nile – water Sebek – Crocodile God Power of Nature Saaa – Intelligence Set –

Saaa – Intelligence

– Crocodile God Power of Nature Saaa – Intelligence Set – Chaos Arat – Serpent Power
– Crocodile God Power of Nature Saaa – Intelligence Set – Chaos Arat – Serpent Power

Set – Chaos

Arat – Serpent Power

of Nature Saaa – Intelligence Set – Chaos Arat – Serpent Power Selket – Power of

Selket – Power of Nature

The Forms of Maat
The Forms
of Maat

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CHAPTER II: Hessu Amun- “THE HYMNS OF AMUN”

The following utterances are translations from Ancient Egyptian Hymns of Amun. A hymn is usually defined as: “A song of praise or thanksgiving, especially to God.” The hymns were written upon papyruses, steles, reliefs and other inscriptions. Each verse is to be considered as Hekau or Words of Power, a mantram which when correctly understood and recited or chanted-Hesi, imparts wisdom which has a transformative effect on the human mind. This process of transformation leads the reciter towards divine awareness and communion with the Higher Self.

the reciter towards divine awareness and communion with the Higher Self. Ë » B K% ·

Ë»BK%·

Hessu Amun

(The Hymns of Amun)

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The Hymns of Amun

(i) O Åmen, O Åmen, who art in heaven, turn thy face upon the dead body of the child, and make your child sound and strong in the Netherworld.

(ii) O Åmen, O Åmen, O God, O God, O Åmen, I adore thy name, grant thou to me that I may understand Thee; Grant thou that I may have peace in the Duat, and that I may possess all my members therein

(iii) Hail, Åmen, let me make supplication unto Thee, for I know thy name, and thy transformations are in my mouth, and thy skin is before my eyes.

(iiii) Come, I pray Thee, and place Thou heir and Thine image, myself, in the everlasting

underworld

and let me not be imprisoned therein; for I worship thy name

let my whole body become like that of a neter, let me escape from the evil chamber

1. He is self-created and as He fashioned Himself none knows His forms.

2. He became in primeval time, no other being existed, there was no other god before Him, there was no other god with Him to declare His form, all the gods came into being after Him.

3. He had no mother by whom His name was made; He had no father who begat Him, saying, "It is even myself." He shaped His own egg. He mingled His seed with His body to make His egg to come into being within Himself.

4. His unity is Absolute. Amun is One One.

5. He is the creating wind which was over the waters of NUNU.

6. He is the Breath of Life, the spirit which permeates and vivifies all things.

7. He took the form of TANEN in order to give birth to the PAUTTI gods.

the form of TANEN in order to give birth to the PAUTTI gods. Visible image of

Visible image of god – bes

(see glossary)

8. He hides His name from His children in this His name of Amun.

9. He makes Himself to be hidden.

10. The One, Amun, who hides Himself from men, who shrouds Himself from the gods; His color and appearance is not known.

11. The gods cannot pray to Him because His name is unknown to them.

12. His name is victory.

13. He, the One Watcher, who neither slumbers nor sleeps.

14. Amun drives away evils and scatters diseases.

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15. He is the physician who heals the eye without medicaments; He opens the eyes; He drives away inflammation.

16. He delivers whom He pleases, even from the Duat (underworld).

17. He saves a man or woman from what is His lot at the dictates of their heart.

18. To Him belong both eyes and ears, on every path of them whom He loves.

19. He hears the petitions of they that appeal to Him.

20. To them that call Amun, He comes instantly.

21. He lengthens life; He cuts it short.

22. To them whom He loves. He gives more than hath been decreed for them.

23. When Amun casts a spell on the water, and His name is on the waters, if this name of His be uttered, the crocodile loses power, the winds are driven back, the hurricane is repulsed.

24. At the remembrance of Amun the wrath of the angry man dies down; He speaks the gentle word at the moment of strife.

25. He is a pleasant breeze to Him that appeal to Him.

26. He delivers the helpless one.

27. He is the wise God whose plans are beneficent.

28. He is more helpful than millions to the man who hath set Him in His heart.

29. One warrior (who fights) under His name is better than hundreds of thousands.

30. Indeed He is the beneficent strong one.

31. He is perfect and seizes His moment; He is irresistible.

32. All the gods are three, Amun, Ra and Ptah, and there are none other like unto them.

33. He whose name is hidden is Amun, Ra belongeth to Him as His face, and the body is Ptah.

34. Their cities are established on earth forever, Thebes, Anu, Hetkaptah.

35. When a message is sent in heaven it is heard in Anu, and is repeated in Hetkaptah to the Beautiful Face. It is done into writing in the letters of Djehuti, and dispatched to the city of Amun with their things. The matters are answered in Thebes.

36. His heart is understanding, His lips are Taste, His Kau are all the things that are in His mouth.

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37. He enters, the two caverns are beneath His feet. The Nile appears from the hollow beneath His sandals. His soul is Shu, His heart is Tefnut. He is Heru (Horus) of the two horizons in the upper heaven.

38. His right eye is day. His left eye is night. He is the leader of faces on every path. His body is Nu. The dweller in it is the Nile, producing everything that is, nourishing all that is.

39. He breaths breath into all nostrils.

40. The luck and destiny of every man and woman are with Him.

41. His wife is the Earth; He united with her.

42. His seed is the wheat plant, His effluxes are the grain.

43. Thou art Temu, who did create beings endowed with reason; Thou make the color of the skin of one race to be different from that of another, but, however many may be the varieties of mankind, it is Thou that make them all to live.

44. Thou art the lord of intelligence, and knowledge is that which proceed from Thy mouth.

45 Thou make every work to proceed; Thou work in the sky and Thou make to come into being the beauties of the daylight; the gods rejoice in Thy beauties, and their hearts live when they see Thee.

46. Thy beauties take possession of and carry away all hearts, and love for Thee make all arms to relax, Thy beautiful form make the hands to tremble, and all hearts melt at the sight of Thee.

47.

Amen

Thou

Being above who make the earth according to Thine own designs.

48. at

and all things are come

into being; the traverser of eternity, the old man who make himself young (again) through

myriad's of pairs of eyes and numberless pairs of ears

whose utterance the gods come into being, and food is created,

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Egyptian Yoga Volume II

Egyptian Yoga Volume II Above: Amun as the Zoomorphic 2 2 Ram. 2 2 Symbolism which

Above: Amun as the Zoomorphic 22 Ram.

22 Symbolism which uses animal images to depict spiritual or mystical principles.

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The Mysteries of Amun And The Supreme Wisdom of Enlightenment

CHAPTER III: Shedi Hessu Amun

Wisdom of Enlightenment CHAPTER III: Shedi Hessu Amun Ë » B K % · “The Mystical

Ë»

BK

%·

“The Mystical Teachings and Implications of The Hymns of Amun”

Shedy is the study of the Hessu or hymn verses. The following is a commentary highlighting the most important mystical teachings presented in the Hymns. The individual hekau utterances will be discussed in detail. Each commentary is preceded by the symbol of Amun: f.

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Egyptian Yoga Volume II

A Commentary On The Hymns of Amun

(i)- O Åmen, O Åmen, who art in heaven, turn Thy face upon the dead body of the child, and make your child sound and strong in the Netherworld.

f

The opening line of any spiritual scripture is important because it gives a sense or tone of what is to follow. Those who are familiar with the Christian Bible will recognize that this line is similar to the Lords Prayer: “Our Father who art in Heaven, Hallowed be thy "

name

God, Amen, and invokes the Supreme Divinity to turn his attention toward the supplicant. There also is an immediate kinship established here between the one being prayed to and the one praying. There can be no closer human relationship than a relationship between a parent and a child, since along with the emotional attachment there is a biological bond. Thus the parent-child relationship is used as a metaphor to signify that you, as the one praying, are in reality closely related to God. But how can this be? How can it be possible for you to be related to God? Aren't you made of flesh, blood and other elements? Isn’t

Immediately the first hekau of the Hymns of Amun indicates the divine name of

God a spirit? Why should you seek help from a spirit to give you strength in the Netherworld and what is the nature of this Netherworld?

the Netherworld and what is the nature of this Netherworld? The relationship between you and the

The relationship between you and the Supreme Divinity is at the heart of all spiritual texts from Ancient Egypt, but it is perhaps most expressly outlined in the Hymns of Amun. Your body is essentially dead.

It is in reality not any more alive than a stone or a piece of metal. It is the Spirit, the innermost reality of your soul, which enlivens it. Once the soul departs from the body, the body becomes “lifeless” and dissolves into the earth. The elements which comprise the body disintegrate and once again assume the form which they had before they became part of your body. From a higher perspective, you are dead in consciousness if you believe that you are the body and that when the body dies you will die. Therefore, it is said that those who have not realized their divine nature are spiritually dead. So where is life? What is it within you that can be said to be alive?

Innermost Heart, Heru (Horus) - Abtelab Heru. (see glossary)

The answers to these questions lie in the last word of the last line in the opening verse:

Netherworld. The Ancient Egyptian concept of creation includes three realms. These are the Earth 06 TA, Heaven è¯ Pet, and Duat -SK, the Netherworld. Duat (duat) is pronounced with the dsounding as a “D” in much the same way as the “Tao” of Taoism is pronounced “Dao.” The Duat is the abode of the gods, goddesses, spirits and souls. It is the realm where those who are evil or unrighteous-N maat, are punished, but it is also where the righteous live in happiness. It is the “other world,” the spirit realm. The Duat is also known as Amenta since it is the realm of Amen (Amun). The Duat is where

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