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Ber Name Ch 17— Thermochemistry Test Matching the following terms with the ee a calorimeter As enthalpy 2 calorie BE B SI unit of energy amount of heat needed to increase the temperature of I g sie specific heat “er heat capacity Ac joule i § quantity of heat needed to raise the temperature of 1 g of water by 1°C ‘a. substance by 1°C 4, —€ ~~ amount of heat needed to increase the temperature of an object by 1°C 5. _b heat content of a system at constant pressure 6. _c& an insulated device used to measure the absorption or release of heat in chemical or physical processes 7. The process lee the surroundings is a(n) a. exothermic process Ax polythermic process @ endothermic process AK ectothermic process 8. What does the thermochemical equation NOT include? AT reactants Ae: products c. enthalpy change @ chemical potential energy 9. What kind of energy is stored in gasoline? @® chemical potential energy b. kinetic energy c. physical energy d. solar energy 10, How many joules are in 122 calories? (1 cal =4.18.J) a 51S @ 5103 ce. 2925 a. 2925, 909.967 11, What would likely happen if you were to touch the flask in which an eaction were occurring? the flask would probably feel cooler than before the reaction started @ the flask would probably feel warmer than before the reaction started c. the flask would feel the same as before the reaction started d. none of the above 12. The amount of heat needed to melt one mole oK@ sob at a constant temperature is called: aa heat of solidification @® molar heat of fusion ¢. molar heat of vaporization d. molar heat of condensation 13. The law of conservation of energy states that: a, energy is always released @ energy is neither created nor destroyed c. energy is always converted to heat d. energy is the same for all reactions g =m Gat 14; Calculate the amount of heat needed to increase the temperature of 199 g of water from 52.5 °C to 87.5 °C. Report your answer in kJ. Ciro = 4.18 J/g °C 2199o40 . HEI __ Lee. ceo ea ge !99o . eS (35) = BGIZ7T 15. Given the equation 3 O2 (g) > 2 Os (g) AH = +519.4 kJ, calculate AH for the following reaction: 8 O3(g) > 12 O2(g) C mdOx 203-7 80, dH= ~SIO4K 16. What kind of reaction (endothermic or exothermic) is occurring in this graph? 4 Energy i exohenne C tH erceleds ane le areege tun = lector, cress, ee relenSedl) \ Progress of Reaction y arrest releesed / 17. Calculate the amount of heat (in kJ) required to decompose 2.71 mol C2Hs (g)- 2. CaHle (g) +7 O2 (g) —> 4 CO2 (g) #6 H20 () 3120 kel EAmelCeH@|BI2OKS = [4eRz 6 KO md Cork 4230. (Sin 18. Caleulate the amount of heat needed to convert 23 ¢ of ive at -34 °C to water a€46 °O. Hint: Make sure you caleulate each part—eating the ies, melting the ie, heating the water, eed Cin0 (8) = 2.1 gC Ciro (1) = 4.18 Wg °C Als of H2O= 6.01 kJ/mol a) @= BighOe SID. wc - LeaRekKS ic Ly C2gtal | mol 40a; >) 4 OR > 2 Estee J = | BB mel HOc. L@Smol H, ROc|6.01M = 76828 KO lLmol Poe qh. 4182 ace = 4.4 B24) ge : 19. Caleulate the enthalpy change for the reaction(3} (9) + Ha (@) > CoHl(g) AH =? Given: CHa (g)+2.5 02 (g)-> 2 CO2(g) + #20 (1) “€ (5) #02 (g) > CO2(¢) “He (g) + 5 02(g) > H20 (1) RCO G? +HOCO ~> Cate @ +2, SOx Coe nts, SOx om HeGl tS (y HOC) -1299.5 kd YH 2 129950 Aye= WES AHO = ~BRS8KS PCORG) HsOCE HRC +2SEEHy G) > CoHcgy +250, + RECEt Mee OC es) +HaG)> Cot, Cg) 120.5 DiS O 5 AH? = 026.4#KD sis s ener eae a 8 C261.0) At? AH? @ - DH,°CO Fla. es : ei GAS 20. Calculate the standard heat of reaction, AH®, for the following reaction: Ce1206 (s) + 6 O2 (g) —> 6 CO2 (g) + 6 H20 () ( Knowns: Cie ceeeeyea ime) \Grisl Ox) (OH ee AHP CO: (g) = -393.5 kJ/mol Imol Os AH? H20 (I) = -285.8 kd/mol | molCgit a QPS KS, RFS Imo! G4, Qcs _ LN g? Cretttr) = - (27ST 6 mel COxG)-3BS AI “s ee = A361 KT [mo] COx¢g> Ap Goredvets) = 4CPS. 8 6 mol “ciel BES 1D -1F4. 9K : mol HOKE Aes (4075.8) ~ C1975 1) aii DS Au 2 2800-85] ES ee Label the graph below with the symbols. eo|/ S ] Meo| 2 Go s Kae oO / s A ti iqui ( - Aes Mata Solidt Time (min)