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978-0-262-515634
FALL 2010 • The MIT Press
Fall 2010
The MIT Press
NOTE
Information in this file is accurate at paper catalog
publication time and is subject to change without notice.

For the most up-to-date information available on our titles,


please consult the individual book pages on our website, which
may be found at http://mitpress.mit.edu; journal information
may be found at http://www.mitpressjournals.org.

Book entries in this document are linked to their corresponding


website pages by their International Standard Book Numbers
(ISBNs). Journal links are identified at the bottom of each entry.
CONTENTS
anthropology 48
architecture 22-25, 58
art 11, 13, 16-21, 40-41, 56, 57, 63-64
bioethics 61, 86
business 8-9, 52, 65
cognitive science 52, 67-68, 70, 74-76
computer engineering 90-91
computer music 64, 78-79
computer science 70, 79, 91
cultural studies 13-14, 28, 44-45, 49, 57
current affairs 5, 26, 31-32, 36, 48, 50, 72
design 2-4, 12 $21.95T/£16.95 $21.95T/£16.95 $29.95T/£22.95 cloth
978-0-262-01382-6 pape 978-0-262-01415-1 978-0-262-01364-2
economics 35, 53, 59-61, 92-97
environment 27-28, 29-30, 53, 54, 98-100
fiction 42, 47
game studies 62, 81
history of computing 37, 71
information science 50, 66, 81
Internet studies 36, 72
linguistics 68-69, 87-89
media 3, 55, 81
neuroscience 58, 69, 70, 82-86
new media 5, 11, 62-64, 78, 80
philosophy 14, 43-44, 49, 51, 56, 68, 76, 78, 83
philosophy of mind 74-76
philosophy of science 77, 86
politics, political science 30, 32, 48, 54, 72, 97-98, 98-99-100
psychology 60, 74
public policy 27 $27.95T/£20.95 cloth $24.95T/£.0 paper $24.95T/£18.95 cloth
science 6-7, 33-34, 38, 51, 53 978-0-262-01370-3 978-0-262-51392-0 978-0-262-19593-5
science, technology, and society 66, 73
vision 70, 83-84
technology, history of technology 10, 31, 53, 55, 65-66, 72-73, 80

The Digital MIT Press 101


MIT Press Journals 102-104
Front, inside front, and back cover illustrations
by Branko Lukic from NONOBJECT.
Sales information 105-107

Distributed by the MIT Press


Afterall Books 40-41
Semiotext(e) 42-47
Zone Books 48-51

$24.95T/£18.95 cloth
978-0-262-01435-9

$29.95T/£22.95 paper $29.95T/£22.95 cloth


978-0-262-51439-2 978-0-262-01364-2
nature/literature

AAAAW TO ZZZZZD: THE WORDS OF BIRDS


North America, Britain, and Northern Europe
John Bevis
The distinctive and amazing
with photographs by the author
songs and calls of birds: a
Birds sing and call, sometimes in complex and beautiful arrangements of notes, meditation and a lexicon.
sometimes in one-line repetitions that resemble a ringtone more than a sym-
phony. Listening, we are stirred, transported, and even envious of birds’ ability to September
produce what Shelley called “profuse strains of unpremeditated art.” And for 4 1/4 x 7, 160 pp.
hundreds of years, we have tried to write down what we hear when birds sing. 24 illus.

Poets have put birdsong in verse (Thomas Nashe: “Cuckoo, jug-jug, pu-we, to- $12.95T/£9.95 cloth
978-0-262-01429-8
witta-woo”) and ornithologists have transcribed bird sounds more methodically.
Drawing on this history of bird writing, in Aaaaw to Zzzzzd John Bevis offers a
lexicon of the words of birds. For tourists in Birdland, there could be no more
charming phrasebook.
Consulting it, we find seven distinct variations of “hoo” attributed to
seven different species of owls, from a simple hoo to the more ambitious
hoo hoo hoo-hoo, ho hoo hoo-hoo; the understated cheet of the tree swallow;
the resonant kreeaaaaaaaaaaar of the Swainson’s hawk; the modest
peep peep peep of the meadow pipit. We learn that some people hear the
Baltimore oriole saying “here, here, come right here, dear” and the yel-
lowhammer saying “a little bit of bread and no cheese.”
Bevis, a poet, frames his lexicons — one for North America and one
for Britain and northern Europe — with an evocative appreciation of
birds, birdsong, and human attempts to capture the words of birds in
music and poetry. He also offers an engaging account of other methods of
documenting birdsong — field recording, graphic notation, and mechan-
ical devices including duck calls and the serinette, an instrument used to
teach song tunes to songbirds.
The singing of birds is nature at its most sublime, and words are our
medium for expressing this sublimity. Aaaaw to Zzzzzd belongs in the
bird lover’s backpack and on the word lover’s bedside table, an unexpected
and sui generis pleasure.
John Bevis is a writer, poet, and book artist living in London.

aaaaw Black sk
immer
aaayayaum Cas
pian tern
aach Gull-billed
tern
aan aan aan aan
aan aan Mangr
ah-ah-ah-ah C ove cuckoo
ommon mergans
rest er
C ir l bunting rd w a rbler, Firec — from the Lex
icon for North A
zirlrl Dartfo merica
bunting,
zit Cirl
ecreeper
zree Tre h
reenfinc
zwee G ldeneye icon for
t G o o m the Lex
zze e-a — fr Europe
an d N orthern
ritain
Great B

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mitpress.mit.edu Fall 2010 1


design

NONOBJECT
Branko Lukic with text by Barry M. Katz
foreword by Bill Moggridge
What happens when designers
think beyond the object to The “objective” world is one of facts, data, and actuality. The world of the
create positive, unexpected “nonobject” is about perception, experience, and possibility. In this highly original
design experiences. and visually extravagant book, Branko Lukic (an award-winning designer) and
Barry Katz (an authority on the history and philosophy of design) imagine what
October would happen if design started not from the object but from the space between
8 x 10, 240 pp. people and the objects they use. The “nonobject,” they explain, is the designer’s
82 illus., color throughout
personal experiment to explore our relation to the observable world.
$29.95T/£22.95 cloth So they show us an umbrella that puts us in a harmonious relationship with
978-0-262-01484-7
nature by sending falling rain rushing through the handle from an upturned top
that resembles a flower; a spoon with a myriad of tiny bowls that allow us to
savor our soup; a “superpractical” cell phone with keypad, speaker, and micro-
phone on every surface. They imagine the ideal material, “Thinium,” incredibly
thin and incredibly strong, environmentally and aesthetically beneficial. They
show us clocks and watches that free us from time told by artificial demarcation
and consider the possibility of a digital camera that captures the part of the
scene we didn’t see.
In NONOBJECT, product design meets philosophy, poetry, and the theater
of the imagination. The nonobject fills us with surprise and delight.
Branko Lukic is Founder of Nonobject, a multidisciplinary design
consultancy in Palo Alto, California, and creator of the philoso-
phy of the nonobject. As lead industrial designer at frog design
and IDEO, he led projects for such clients as Nike, Samsung,
Pepsi, Starbucks, and Ford. He has won numerous design awards.
Barry M. Katz, Professor of Humanities and Design at California
College of the Arts and Consulting Professor of Design at
Stanford University, has written extensively on the history
and philosophy of design. He is the author of Technology and
Culture: A Historical Romance and other books.

Illustration by Branko Lukic


from NONOBJECT.

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2 Fall 2010 mitpress.mit.edu


design/media

DESIGNING MEDIA
Bill Moggridge
Mainstream media, often known simply as MSM, have not yet disappeared in a Connections and clashes between
digital takeover of the media landscape. But the long-dominant MSM — televi- new and old media, as told by
sion, radio, newspapers, magazines, and books — have had to respond to emer- interviewees ranging from the
gent digital media. Newspapers have interactive Web sites; television broadcasts founder of Twitter to the publisher
of the New York Times.
over the Internet; books are published in both electronic and print editions. In
Designing Media, design guru Bill Moggridge examines connections and conflicts
between old and new media, describing how MSM have changed and how new October
8 x 9, 570 pp.
patterns of media consumption are emerging. The book features interviews with 300 color illus.
thirty-seven significant figures in both traditional and new forms of mass com- includes DVD
munication; interviewees range from the publisher of the New York Times to the $39.95T/£29.95 cloth
founder of Twitter. 978-0-262-01485-4
We learn about innovations in media that rely on contributions from a crowd
INTERVIEWS WITH
(or a community), as told by Wikipedia’s Jimmy Wales and Craigslist’s Craig Chris Anderson, Rich Archuleta,
Newmark; how the band OK Go built a following using YouTube; how real- Blixa Bargeld, Colin Callender,
time connections between dispatchers and couriers inspired Twitter; how a Fred Deakin, Martin Eberhard,
David Fanning, Jane Friedman,
BusinessWeek blog became a quarterly printed supplement to the magazine; and Mark Gerzon, Ira Glass, Nat Hunter,
how e-readers have evolved from Rocket eBook to QUE. Ira Glass compares Chad Hurley, Joel Hyatt, Alex Juhasz,
the intimacy of radio to that of the Internet; the producer of PBS’s Frontline Jorge Just, Alex MacLean,
Bob Mason, Roger McNamee,
supports the program’s investigative journalism by putting documentation of its Jeremy Merle, Craig Newmark,
findings online; and the developers of Google’s Trendalyzer software describe its Bruce Nussbaum, Alice Rawsthorn,
beginnings as animations that accompanied lectures about social and economic Anna Rosling Rönnlund, Hans Rosling,
Ola Rosling, Paul Saffo,
development in rural Africa. At the end of each chapter, Moggridge comments Jesse Scanlon, DJ Spooky,
on the implications for designing media. Designing Media is illustrated with Neil Stevenson, Arthur Sulzberger Jr.,
hundreds of images, with color throughout. Shinichi Takemura, James Truman,
Jimmy Wales, Tim Westergren,
A DVD accompanying the book includes excerpts from all of the interviews, Ev Williams, Erin Zhu,
and the material can be browsed at www.designing-media.com. Mark Zuckerberg

Bill Moggridge, Director of the Cooper-


Hewitt National Design Museum in New
York City, is a founder of IDEO, the famous Also available
innovation and design firm. He has a DESIGNING INTERACTIONS
global reputation as an award-winning Bill Moggridge
designer, having pioneered interaction 2006, 978-0-262-13474-3
design and integrated human factors $42.95T/£31.95 cloth
disciplines into design practice. includes DVD

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mitpress.mit.edu Fall 2010 3


design

LIVING WITH COMPLEXITY


Donald A. Norman
Why we don’t really want
If only today’s technology were simpler! It’s the universal lament, but it’s wrong.
simplicity, and how we can We don’t want simplicity. Simple tools are not up to the task. The world is
learn to live with complexity. complex; our tools need to match that complexity.
Simplicity turns out to be more complex than we thought. In this provoca-
October tive and informative book, Don Norman writes that the complexity of our tech-
5 3/8 x 8, 280 pp. nology must mirror the complexity and richness of our lives. It’s not complexity
66 illus.
that’s the problem, it’s bad design. Bad design complicates things unnecessarily
$24.95T/£18.95 cloth and confuses us. Good design can tame complexity.
978-0-262-01486-1
Norman gives us a crash course in the virtues of complexity. But even such
simple things as salt and pepper shakers, doors, and light switches become
Also available complicated when we have to deal with many of them, each somewhat different.
THE INVISIBLE COMPUTER Managing complexity, says Norman, is a partnership. Designers have to produce
Why Good Products Can Fail, things that tame complexity. But we too have to do our part: we have to take
the Personal Computer Is So
the time to learn the structure and practice the skills. This is how we mastered
Complex, and Information
Appliances Are the Solution reading and writing, driving a car, and playing sports, and this is how we can
Donald A. Norman master our complex tools.
1999, 978-0-262-64041-1
Complexity is good. Simplicity is misleading. The good life is complex, rich,
$24.95S/£18.95 paper
and rewarding — but only if it is understandable, sensible, and meaningful.
Business Week has named Don Norman as one of the world’s
most influential designers. He has been both a professor
and an executive: he was Vice President of Advanced
Technology at Apple; his company, the Nielsen Norman
Group, helps companies produce human-centered products
and services; he has been on the faculty at Harvard, the
University of California, San Diego, Northwestern University,
and KAIST, in South Korea. He is the author of many books,
including The Design of Everyday Things, The Invisible
Computer (MIT Press, 1998), Emotional Design, and The
Design of Future Things.

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4 Fall 2010 mitpress.mit.edu


new media/current affairs

NEWSGAMES
Journalism at Play
Ian Bogost, Simon Ferrari, and Bobby Schweizer
How videogames offer a
Journalism has embraced digital media in its struggle to survive. But most online new way to do journalism.
journalism just translates existing practices to the Web: stories are written and
edited as they are for print; video and audio features are produced as they would October
be for television and radio. The authors of Newsgames propose a new way of 6 x 9, 208 pp.
doing good journalism: videogames. 45 illus.
Videogames are native to computers rather than a digitized form of prior $24.95T/£18.95 cloth
media. Games simulate how things work by constructing interactive models; 978-0-262-01487-8
journalism as game involves more than just revisiting old forms of news produc-
tion. The book describes newsgames that can persuade, inform, and titillate;
Also available
make information interactive; recreate a historical event; put news content into a UNIT OPERATIONS
puzzle; teach journalism; and build a community. Wired magazine’s game An Approach to
Cutthroat Capitalism, for example, explains the economics of Somali piracy by Videogame Criticism
Ian Bogost
putting the player in command of a pirate ship, offering choices for hostage 2008, 978-0-262-52487-2
negotiation strategies. And Powerful Robot’s game September 12th offers a $19.00S/£14.95 paper
model for a short, quickly produced, and widely distributed editorial newsgame. PERSUASIVE GAMES
Videogames do not offer a panacea for the ills of contemporary news organi- The Expressive Power
zations. But if the industry embraces them as a viable method of doing journal- of Videogames
Ian Bogost
ism — not just an occasional treat for online readers — newsgames can make a 2010, 978-0-262-51488-0
valuable contribution. $19.00S/£14.95 paper
Ian Bogost is Associate Professor in the School of Literature, Communication,
and Culture at the Georgia Institute of Technology and a Founding Partner
at Persuasive Games LLC. He is the author of Unit Operations: An Approach
to Videogame Criticism (2006) and Persuasive Games: The Expressive
Power of Videogames (2007) and the coauthor (with Nick Montfort)
of Racing the Beam: The Atari Video Computer System (2009), all
published by the MIT Press. Simon Ferrari is a graduate student at
the Georgia Institute of Technology. Bobby Schweizer is a PhD student
at the Georgia Institute of Technology.

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mitpress.mit.edu Fall 2010 5


science

HOW TO CATCH A ROBOT RAT


When Biology Inspires Innovation
Agnès Guillot and Jean-Arcady Meyer
How biology has inspired
translated by Susan Emanuel
technology — from a watch
with an alarm modeled on Humans have modeled their technology on nature for centuries. The inventor of
a cricket’s noisemaking to paper was inspired by a wasp’s nest; Brunelleschi demonstrated the principles of
a robot that can dance.
his famous dome with an egg; a Swiss company produced a wristwatch with an
alarm modeled on the sound-producing capabilities of a cricket. Today, in the era
September of the “new bionics,” engineers aim to reproduce the speed and maneuverability
6 x 9, 232 pp.
103 illus. of the red tuna in a submarine; cochlear implants send sound signals to the audi-
tory nerve of a hearing-impaired person; and robots replicate a baby’s cognitive
$29.95T/£22.95 cloth
978-0-262-01452-6 development. How to Catch a Robot Rat examines past, present, and future
attempts to apply the methods and systems found in nature to the design of
objects and devices.
The authors look at “natural technology transfers”: how the
study of nature inspired technological breakthroughs — includ-
ing the cricket-inspired watch; Velcro, which duplicates the
prickly burrs of a burdock flower; and self-sharpening blades
that are modeled on rats’ self-sharpening teeth. They examine
autonomous robots that imitate animals and their behaviors —
for example, the development of an unmanned microdrone that
could fly like an albatross. And they describe hybrids of natural
and artificial systems: neuroprostheses translating the thought
of quadriplegics; and a nanorobot controlled by muscle cells.
Some of the ideas described have outstripped technology’s
capacity to realize them; nature has had more than three billion
years to perfect its designs, humankind not quite so long.
Agnès Guillot is Assistant Professor in Psychophysiology at the
University of Paris X. Jean-Arcady Meyer is Emeritus Research Director
at CNRS (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique). Both are
researchers at the Institute of Intelligent Systems and Robotics,
University Pierre and Marie Curie, Paris.

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6 Fall 2010 mitpress.mit.edu


science/medicine

GENETIC TWISTS OF FATE


Stanley Fields and Mark Johnston
News stories report almost daily that scientists have linked a certain gene to a How tiny variations in our personal
disease like Alzheimer’s or macular degeneration, or to a condition like depres- DNA can determine how we look,
sion or autism, or to a trait like aggressiveness or anxiety. Accompanying this how we behave, how we get
remarkable progress in unraveling the genetic basis of disease and behavior are sick, and how we get well.

new technologies that are rapidly reducing the cost of reading someone’s personal
DNA (all six billion letters of it). Within the next ten years, hospitals may pres- September
ent parents with their newborn’s complete DNA code along with her footprints 6 x 9, 240 pp.
45 illus.
and APGAR score. In Genetic Twists of Fate, distinguished geneticists Stanley
$24.95T/£18.95 cloth
Fields and Mark Johnston help us make sense of the genetic revolution that is
978-0-262-01470-0
upon us.
Fields and Johnston tell real life stories that hinge on the inheritance of one
tiny change rather than another in an individual’s DNA: a mother wrongly
accused of poisoning her young son when the true killer was a genetic disorder;
the mountain-climbing brothers with a one-in-two chance of succumbing to
Huntington’s disease; the screen siren who could no longer remember her lines
because of Alzheimer’s disease; and the president who was treated with rat
poison to prevent another heart attack. In an engaging and
accessible style, Fields and Johnston explain what our personal
DNA code is, how a few differences in its long list of our DNA
letters make each of us unique, and how that code influences
our appearance, our behavior, and our risk for such common
diseases as diabetes or cancer.
Stanley Fields is Professor of Genome Sciences and Medicine at the
University of Washington and a Howard Hughes Medical Institute
Investigator. Mark Johnston is Professor and Chair of the Department
of Biochemistry and Molecular Genetics at the University of Colorado
School of Medicine and Editor-in-Chief of the journal Genetics.

mitpress.mit.edu Fall 2010 7


business/innovation

THE INNOVATOR’S WAY


Esssential Practices for Successful Innovation
Peter J. Denning and Robert P. Dunham
Two experts show that innovation
foreword by John Seely Brown
is a skill that can be learned and
describe eight essential practices Innovation is the ruling buzzword in business today. Technology companies
for achieving success. invest billions in developing new gadgets; business leaders see innovation as
the key to a competitive edge; policymakers craft regulations to foster a climate
September of innovation. And yet businesses report a success rate of only four percent
6 x 9, 416 pp. for innovation initiatives. Can we significantly increase our odds of succeeding
25 illus.
at innovation? In The Innovator’s Way, innovation experts Peter Denning and
$29.95T/£22.95 cloth
Robert Dunham reply with an emphatic yes. Innovation, they write, is not simply
978-0-262-01454-0
an invention, a policy, or a process to be managed. Innovation is a personal skill
that can be learned, developed through practice, and extended into organizations.
Denning and Dunham define innovation as the art of getting people to
adopt change. They draw a distinction between invention and innovation: many
inventions never become innovations, and many innovations do not involve an
invention. They identify and describe eight personal practices that all successful
innovators perform: sensing, envisioning, offering, adopting, sustaining, execut-
ing, leading, and embodying. Together, these practices can boost a fledgling
innovator to success. Weakness in any of these practices, they show, blocks
innovation.
Denning and Dunham describe innovation at scales ranging from the
private (a family organization of chores and allowances) to the planetary
(the invention and adoption of the World Wide Web). They
provide a detailed account of the eight practices and how to
accomplish them; and they chart the path to innovation mas-
tery, from individual practices to teams and social networks.
Peter J. Denning is Distinguished Professor, Chair of the Computer
Science Department, and Director of the Cebrowski Institute for
Information Innovation and Superiority at the Naval Postgraduate
School in Monterey, California. He is the author of The Invisible Future,
Talking Back to the Machine, Beyond Calculation, and other books.
Robert P. Dunham founded the Institute for Generative Leadership
and the consulting company Enterprise Performance.

8 Fall 2010 mitpress.mit.edu


business/management

OPERATIONS RULES
Delivering Customer Value through Flexible Operations
David Simchi-Levi
An expert offers a set of rules
In recent years, management gurus have urged businesses to adopt such strategies that will help managers achieve
as just-in-time, lean manufacturing, offshoring, and frequent deliveries to retail dramatic improvements in
outlets. But today, these much-touted strategies may be risky. Global financial operations performance.

turmoil, rising labor costs in developing countries, and huge volatility in the price
of oil and other commodities can disrupt a company’s entire supply chain and September
threaten its ability to compete. In Operations Rules, David Simchi-Levi identifies 6 x 9, 208 pp.
50 illus.
the crucial element in a company’s success: the link between the value it provides
$29.95T/£22.95 cloth
its customers and its operations strategies. And he offers a set of scientifically and 978-0-262-01474-8
empirically based rules that management can follow to achieve a quantum leap
in operations performance.
Flexibility, says Simchi-Levi, is the single most important
capability that allows firms to innovate in their operations and
supply chain strategies. A small investment in flexibility can
achieve almost all the benefits of full flexibility. And successful
companies do not all pursue the same strategies. Amazon and
Wal-Mart, for example, are direct competitors but each focuses
on a different market channel and provides a unique customer
value proposition — Amazon, large selection and reliable ful-
fillment; Wal-Mart, low prices — that directly aligns with its
operations strategy.
Simchi-Levi’s rules — regarding such issues as channels,
price, product characteristics, value-added service, procurement
strategy, and information technology — transform operations
and supply chain management from an undertaking based on
gut feeling and anecdotes to a science.
David Simchi-Levi is Professor of Engineering Systems at MIT, editor-in-
chief of the journal Operations Research, and coauthor of Designing and
Managing the Supply Chain and The Logic of Logistics. He is the founder
of LogicTools (now a division of IBM’s ILOG), which provides software
solutions and professional services for supply chain planning.

Rule 2.1: The operations strategy that a company deploys must be centered on
the value proposition the firm provides to its customers.
Rule 2.2: Functional and innovative products typically require
different supply chain strategies.
Rule 5.3: Invest Now or Pay Later: Firms need to invest in flexibility or they
will pay the price later.
Rule 6.1: Enabling, supporting and enforcing a business strategy are the objec-
tives of IT investment
Rule 7.1: A small investment in flexibility can make a significant impact on
total supply chain cost.
Rule 9.1: Modular product architecture is important when flexibility is required.
Rule 10.2: Recent changes in the economy — escalating oil prices, higher
labor costs in developing countries, and decline in consumer demand — will
force a new trend of more regional activities.
— from Operations Rules

mitpress.mit.edu Fall 2010 9


technology/communication

TEXTURE
Human Expression in the Age of Communications Overload
Richard H. R. Harper
Why we complain about
communication overload Our workdays are so filled with emails, instant messaging, and RSS feeds that
even as we seek new we complain that there’s not enough time to get our actual work done. At home,
ways to communicate. we are besieged by telephone calls on landlines and cell phones, the beeps that
signal text messages, and work emails on our BlackBerrys. It’s too much, we cry
November (or type) as we update our Facebook pages, compose a blog post, or check to see
5 3/8 x 8, 384 pp. what Shaquille O’Neal has to say on Twitter. In Texture, Richard Harper asks
1 illus.
why we seek out new ways of communicating even as we complain about
$29.95T/£22.95 cloth
978-0-262-08374-4
communication overload.
Harper explores the interplay between technological innovation and socially
creative ways of exploiting technology, between our delight in using new forms
Also available of communication and our vexation at the burdens this places on us, and con-
THE MYTH OF THE nects these to what it means to be human — alive, connected, expressive —
PAPERLESS OFFICE today. He describes the mistaken assumptions of developers that “more” is
Abigail J. Sellen and
Richard H. R. Harper always better — that videophones, for example, are better than handhelds —
2003, 978-0-262-69283-0 and argues that users prefer simpler technologies that allow them to create
$21.00T/£15.95 paper social bonds. Communication is not just the exchange of information. There
is a texture to our communicative practices, manifest in the different means we
choose to communicate (quick or slow, permanent or ephemeral). The goal,
Harper says, should not be to make communication more efficient, but to
supplement and enrich the expressive vocabulary of human experience.
Richard H. R. Harper, currently Principal Researcher in Socio-Digital
Systems at Microsoft Research, has explored user-focused technical
innovation in academic, corporate, and small company settings. He is
the coauthor (with Abigail J. Sellen) of The Myth of the Paperless Office
(MIT Press, 2001).

10 Fall 2010 mitpress.mit.edu


new media/art

ENFOLDMENT AND INFINITY


An Islamic Genealogy of New Media Art
Laura U. Marks
Tracing the connections — both
In both classical Islamic art and contemporary new media art, one point can visual and philosophical — between
unfold to reveal an entire universe. A fourteenth-century dome decorated with new media art and classical
geometric complexity and a new media work that shapes a dome from pro- Islamic art.

grammed beams of light: both can inspire feelings of immersion and transcen-
dence. In Enfoldment and Infinity, Laura Marks traces the strong similarities, September
visual and philosophical, between these two kinds of art. Her argument is more 7 x 9, 392 pp.
31 color illus.,
than metaphorical; she shows that the “Islamic” quality of modern and new 140 black & white illus.
media art is a latent, deeply enfolded, historical inheritance from Islamic art and $37.95T/£28.95 cloth
thought. 978-0-262-01421-2
Marks proposes an aesthetics of unfolding and enfolding in which image, A Leonardo Book
information, and the infinite interact: image is an interface to information, and
information (such as computer code or the words of the Qur’an) is an interface
to the infinite. After demonstrating historically how Islamic aesthetics traveled
into Western art, Marks draws explicit parallels between works of classical
Islamic art and new media art, describing texts that burst into image, lines
that multiply to form fractal spaces, “nonorganic life” in carpets and algorithms,
and other shared concepts and images. Islamic philosophy, she suggests, can
offer fruitful ways of understanding contemporary art.
Laura U. Marks is Dena Wosk University Professor in Art and Culture
Studies in the School for the Contemporary Arts at Simon Fraser
University. She is the author of The Skin of the Film: Intercultural
Cinema, Embodiment, and the Senses and Touch: Sensuous Theory and
Multisensory Media.

mitpress.mit.edu Fall 2010 11


fashion/design

FASHIONEAST
The Spectre that Haunted Socialism
Djurdja Bartlett
A richly illustrated study of
fashion under socialism, from The idea of fashion under socialism conjures up images of babushka headscarves
state-sponsored prototypes and black market blue jeans. And yet, as Djurdja Bartlett shows in this ground-
to unofficial imitations of breaking book, the socialist East had an intimate relationship with fashion.
Paris fashion.
Official antagonism — which cast fashion as frivolous and anti-revolutionary —
eventually gave way to grudging acceptance and creeping consumerism.
October Bartlett outlines three phases in socialist fashion, and illustrates them with
7 3/4 x 11 1/2, 300 pp.
70 color illus. abundant images from magazines of the period: postrevolutionary utopian dress,
96 black & white illus. official state-sanctioned socialist fashion, and samizdat-style everyday fashion.
$34.95T/£25.95 cloth Utopian dress, ranging from the geometric abstraction of the constructivists
978-0-262-02650-5 under Bolshevism in the Soviet Union to the no-frills desexualized uniform of
a factory worker in Czechoslovakia, reflected the revolutionary urge for a clean
break with the past. The highly centralized socialist fashion system, part of
Stalinist industrialization, offered official prototypes of high fashion that were
never available in stores — mythical images of smart and luxurious dresses
that symbolized the economic progress that socialist regimes
dreamed of. Everyday fashion, starting in the 1950s, was an
unofficial, do-it-yourself enterprise: Western fashions obtained
through semiclandestine channels or sewn at home. The state
tolerated the demand for Western fashion, promising the
burgeoning middle class consumer goods in exchange for
political loyalty.
Fashion, Bartlett suggests, with all its ephemerality and
dynamism, was in perpetual conflict with the socialist regimes’
fear of change and need for control. It was, to echo the famous
first sentence from the Communist Manifesto, the spectre that
haunted socialism until the end.
Djurdja Bartlett is a Research Fellow at London College of Fashion,
University of the Arts London.

Author Appearances • National Print Attention • National Broadcast Campaign •


National Advertising: New York Review of Books, Bookforum, Art in America, Artforum, ArtNews

12 Fall 2010 mitpress.mit.edu


art/women’s studies/cultural studies

PUSH COMES TO SHOVE


New Images of Aggressive Women
Maud Lavin
The new celebration of women’s
In the past, more often than not, aggressive women have been rebuked, told to aggression in contemporary culture,
keep a lid on, turn the other cheek, get over it. Repression more than aggression from Kill Bill and Prime Suspect to
was seen as woman’s domain. But recently there’s been a noticeable cultural shift. the artists group Toxic Titties.

With growing frequency, women’s aggression is now celebrated in contemporary


culture — in movies and TV, online ventures, and art. In Push Comes to Shove, September
Maud Lavin examines these new images of aggressive women and how they 5 3/8 x 8, 312 pp.
19 illus.
affect women’s lives.
$27.95T/£20.95 cloth
Aggression, says Lavin, is necessary, large, messy, psychological, and physical. 978-0-262-12309-9
Aggression need not entail causing harm to another; we can think of it as the
use of force to create change — fruitful, destructive, or both. And over the
past twenty years, contemporary culture has shown women seizing this power. Also available
Lavin chooses provocative examples to explore the complexity of aggression: the CLEAN NEW WORLD
surfer girls in Blue Crush; Helen Mirren as Jane Tennison in Prime Suspect; the Culture, Politics, and
Graphic Design
homicidal women in Kill Bill and artist Marlene McCarty’s mural-sized Murder Maud Lavin
Girls; the erotica of Zane and the art of Kara Walker; the group dynamics of 2002, 978-0-262-62170-0
artists (including the artists group Toxic Titties) and activists; and YouTube $20.00T/£14.95 paper

videos of a woman boxer training and fighting.


Women need aggression and need to use it consciously, Lavin writes. With
Push Comes to Shove, she explores the crucial questions of how to manifest
aggression, how to represent it, and how to keep open a cultural space for it.
Maud Lavin is Professor of Visual and Critical Studies and Art History,
Theory, and Criticism at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago. She
is the author of Cut with the Kitchen Knife: The Weimar Photomontages
of Hannah Höch and Clean New World: Culture, Politics, and Graphic
Design (MIT Press, 2001).

“In investigating the nuances of feminine aggression and its various


forms of expression both historically and in contemporary culture,
Maud Lavin also documents how we can understand it as a deeply
productive and often necessary drive. Better yet, with her characteristic
energy and invention, she imagines it as a force at once creative,
comedic, erotic — which is to say, one that is not restricting, but
rather, both enriching and exhilarating.
— Akiko Busch, author of Nine Ways to Cross a River

Author Appearances • National Print Attention • National Broadcast Campaign


National Advertising: New York Review of Books, Bookforum, Art in America, Artforum, ArtNews • Web site feature

mitpress.mit.edu Fall 2010 13


cultural studies/philosophy

LAUGHTER
Notes on a Passion
Anca Parvulescu
Uncovering an archive of laughter,
from the forbidden giggle to the Most of our theories of laughter are not concerned with laughter. Rather, their
explosive guffaw. focus is the laughable object, whether conceived of as the comic, the humorous,
jokes, the grotesque, the ridiculous, or the ludicrous. In Laughter, Anca Parvulescu
September proposes a return to the materiality of the burst of laughter itself. She sets out to
6 x 9, 232 pp. uncover an archive of laughter, inviting us to follow its rhythms and listen to
30 illus.
its tones.
$21.95T/£16.95 paper Historically, laughter — especially the passionate burst of laughter — has
978-0-262-51474-3
often been a faux pas. Manuals for conduct, abetted by philosophical treatises
Short Circuits series, edited and literary and visual texts, warned against it, offering special injunctions to
by Slavoj Žižek, Mladen Dolar,
and Alenka Zupančič ladies to avoid jollity that was too boisterous. Returning laughter to the history
of the passions, Parvulescu anchors it at the point where the history of the
grimacing face meets the history of noise. In the civilizing process that leads
Also available in the Short Circuits series
to laughter’s “falling into disrepute,” as Nietzsche famously put it, we can see
A VOICE AND NOTHING MORE
Mladen Dolar the formless, contorted face in laughter being slowly corrected into a calm,
2006, 978-0-262-54187-9 social smile.
$20.95T/£15.95 paper
How did the twentieth century laugh? Parvulescu points to a gallery of
THE ODD ONE IN twentieth-century laughers and friends of laughter, arguing that it is through
On Comedy
Alenka Zupančič
Georges Bataille that the century laughed its most distinct laugh. In Bataille’s
2008, 978-0-262-74031-9 wake, laughter becomes the passion at the heart of poststructuralism. Looking
$21.95T/£16.95 paper back at the century from this vantage point, Parvulescu revisits four of its most
challenging projects: modernism, the philosophical avant-gardes,
feminism, and cinema. The result is an overview of the twentieth
century as seen through the laughs that burst at some of its
most convoluted junctures.
Anca Parvulescu is Assistant Professor in the English Department
and the Interdisciplinary Project in the Humanities at Washington
University in St. Louis.

14 Fall 2010 mitpress.mit.edu


psychoanalysis/Latin American studies

FREUD’S MEXICO
Into the Wilds of Psychoanalysis
Rubén Gallo
Freud's Mexican disciples, Mexican
Freud’s Mexico is a completely unexpected contribution to Freud studies. Here, books, Mexican antiquities,
Rubén Gallo reveals Freud’s previously undisclosed connections to a culture and and Mexican dreams.
a psychoanalytic tradition not often associated with him. Freud found a receptive
audience among Mexican intellectuals, read Mexican books, collected Mexican September
antiquities, and dreamed Mexican dreams; his writings bear the traces of a 7 x 10, 408 pp.
18 color illus.,
longstanding fascination with the country.
41 black & white illus.
In the Mexico of the 1920s and 1930s, Freud made an impact not only
$32.95T/£24.95 cloth
among psychiatrists but also in literary, artistic, and political circles. Gallo writes 978-0-262-01442-7
about a “motley crew” of Freud’s readers who devised some of the most original,
elaborate, and influential applications of psychoanalytic theory anywhere in the
world: the poet Salvador Novo, a gay dandy who used Freud to vindicate marginal Also available
sexual identities; the conservative philosopher Samuel Ramos, who diagnosed MEXICAN MODERNITY
The Avant-Garde and the
the collective neuroses afflicting his country; the cosmopolitan poet Octavio Paz,
Technological Revolution
who launched a psychoanalytic inquiry into the origins of Mexican history; and Rubén Gallo
Gregorio Lemercier, a Benedictine monk who put his entire monastery into 2010, 978-0-262-51496-5
$17.95T/£13.95 paper
psychoanalysis.
After describing Mexico’s Freud, Gallo offers an imaginative reconstruction
of Freud’s Mexico. Although Freud himself never visited Mexico, he owned a
treatise on criminal law by a Mexican judge who put defen-
dants — including Trotsky’s assassin — on the psychoanalyst’s
couch; he acquired Mexican pieces as part of his celebrated col-
lection of antiquities; and he recorded dreams of a Mexico that
was fraught with danger. Freud’s Mexico features a varied cast of
characters that includes Maximilian von Hapsburg, Leon
Trotsky and his assassin Ramón Mercader, Frida Kahlo, Diego
Rivera — and even David Rockefeller. Gallo offers bold and
vivid rereadings of both Freudian texts and Mexican cultural
history.
Rubén Gallo is Director of the Program in Latin American Studies and
Professor in the Department of Spanish and Portuguese Languages and
Cultures at Princeton University. He is the author of Mexican Modernity:
The Avant-Garde and the Technological Revolution (MIT Press, 2005).

mitpress.mit.edu Fall 2010 15


art/photography

MIXED USE, MANHATTAN


Photography and Related Practices, 1970s to the Present
edited by Douglas Crimp and Lynne Cooke
How New York artists have made
use of the city’s run-down lofts, When the real estate bust of the 1970s hit New York City, artists found their
neglected piers, vacant lots, and own mixed uses for the city’s run-down lofts, abandoned piers, vacant lots, and
deserted streets. deserted streets, and photographers and filmmakers documented their work.
Gordon Matta-Clark turned a sanitation pier into the celebrated work Day’s
September End, and Betsy Sussler filmed its making; Harry Shunk made a photographic
9 x 10 1/2, 300 pp. series from Willoughby Sharp’s Projects: Pier 18 (which included work by Vito
70 color illus.,
130 black & white illus. Acconci, Mel Bochner, Dan Graham, Gordon Matta-Clark, and William
$49.95T/£36.95 cloth
Wegman, among others); Cindy Sherman staged some of her Untitled Film Stills
978-0-262-01482-3 on the same city streets. Mixed Use, Manhattan documents and illustrates the
most significant of these projects as well as more recent works by artists who
ESSAYS BY continue to engage with the city’s public, underground, and improvised spaces.
Johanna Burton, Lynne Cooke,
Douglas Crimp, Lytle Shaw, Juan A. The book (which accompanies a major exhibition) focuses on several impor-
Suárez tant photographic series: Peter Hujar’s 1976 nighttime photographs of
EXHIBITION Manhattan’s West Side; Alvin Baltrop’s Hudson River pier photographs from
Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina 1975–1985, most of which have never before been shown or published; David
Sofia, Madrid
June 8–September 29, 2010
Wojnarowicz’s Rimbaud in New York (1978–1979), the first of Wojnarowicz’s
works to be published; and several of Zoe Leonard’s photographic projects from
Distributed by the MIT Press for the
Reina Sofia Museum the late 1990s on. The book includes 70 color and 130 black-and-white images;
a special section on visual documentation of performances and related activities,
arranged by artist Louise Lawler; Glenn Ligon’s text
piece, Housing in New York: A Brief History, 1960-
2007 (2007); “Losing the Form in Darkness,” an
autobiographical story by David Wojnarowicz; and
essays by prominent art historians.
Douglas Crimp is Fanny Knapp Allen Professor of Art History
at the University of Rochester. He is the author of On the
Museum’s Ruins (1993) and Melancholia and Moralism:
Essays on AIDS and Queer Politics (2002), both published by
the MIT Press. Lynne Cooke is Chief Curator and Deputy
Director at the Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía
in Madrid and Curator at Large for Dia Art Foundation.

Alvin Baltrop, from “Pier Photographs,”


1975–86, black-and-white photographs.
©The Alvin Baltrop Trust.
Moyra Davey, Newsstand No. 3, 1994.
C-print. Courtesy Murray Guy, New York.

16 Fall 2010 mitpress.mit.edu


art

NEW REALISMS: 1957–1962


Object Strategies Between Readymade and Spectacle
edited by Julia Robinson
Works by a pre-Pop, post-abstract
As the 1950s became the 1960s, a new generation of artists around the globe expressionist generation of artists
rejected direct painterly expression and returned decisively to the object. Moving who rejected painterly expression
away from abstract expressionism and toward the sensibility that would become and embraced the object.

Pop, these artists — among them Raymond Hains, Martial Raysse, Yves Klein,
Daniel Spoerri, Jean Tinguely, and Robert Rauschenberg — effectively estab- September
lished a new set of artistic paradigms that would influence the decade ahead. 8 1/4 x 11, 300 pp.
250 color illus.
New Realisms: 1957–1962 maps this international field of artistic practice, show- 50 black & white illus.
casing more than 200 works by artists of the period. The title echoes the name of $44.95T/£33.95 paper
the French movement of the 1960s “Nouveau Réalisme.” Indeed, the work of the 978-0-262-51522-1
Nouveaux Réalistes group anchors the book (and the exhibition it accompanies),
but at the same time, New Realisms represents a wider range of related instincts, ESSAYS BY
Julia Robinson,
diversely expressed. The emphasis is on a constellation of activities in play before Hannah Feldman, Agnes Berecz,
the new critical terms and categories of Pop Art were set in stone. The book Emmelyn Butterfield-Rosen,
views the emerging artistic scene from the other end of the telescope, as it were: Benjamin H. D. Buchloh

from a European perspective rather than from that of American Pop Art. New EXHIBITION
Museo Nacional Centro de
Realisms is emphatically hybrid, encompassing the initiatives of the French group Arte Reina Sofía, Madrid
as well as trajectories in New York that stretched from painting to June 16th–October 4th, 2010
“Environment” to Happening. Distributed by the MIT Press
Artists include Arman, George Brecht, Cesar, for the Reina Sofia Museum
Christo, Gérard Deschamps, Jim Dine, François
Dufrêne, Oyvind Fahlstrom, Raymond Hains,
Allan Kaprow, Yves Klein, Yayoi Kusama, Roy
Lichtenstein, Piero Manzoni, Claes Oldenburg,
Giuseppe Pinot Gallizio, Robert Rauschenberg,
Martial Raysse, Mimmo Rotella, Niki de Saint
Phalle, Daniel Spoerri, Jean Tinguely, Robert
Watts, and Robert Whitman.
Julia Robinson is Assistant Professor in the Department
of Art History at New York University. Her writing has
appeared in such journals as Performance Research, Art
Journal, October, and Grey Room.

Top left: Raymond Hains, Untitled, 1959.


Torn posters on wood (palissade), 150 x 66 cm.
Private Collection, courtesy Galerie Lara Vincy, Paris.
Top right: Martial Raysse, Bird of Paradise,
1960. Plastic and metal, 170 x 60 x 30 cm.
Musée d’art contemporain, Marseille.
Photo: Ville de Marseill V. Ecochard.
Left: Christo, Wrapped Cans, 1958-59.
Tin cans, rope and lacquered fabric.
Collection Daniel Varenne.

mitpress.mit.edu Fall 2010 17


art

HISTORY BECOMES FORM


Moscow Conceptualism
Boris Groys
An insider’s account of the art and
artists of the most interesting In the 1970s and 1980s, a group of “unofficial” artists in Moscow — artists not
Russian artistic phenomenon since recognized by the state, not covered by state-controlled media, and cut off from
the Russian Avant-Garde. wider audiences — created artworks that gave artistic form to a certain historical
moment: the experience of Soviet socialism. The Moscow conceptualists not only
September reflected and analyzed by artistic means a spectacle of Soviet life but also pre-
7 x 9, 208 pp. served its memory for a future that turned out to be different from the officially
92 illus.
predicted one. They captured both the shabby austerity of everyday Soviet life
$27.95T/£20.95 cloth
978-0-262-01423-6
and the utopian energy of Soviet culture. In History Becomes Form, Boris Groys
offers a contemporary’s account of what he calls the most interesting Russian
artistic phenomenon since the Russian avant-garde.
Also available In 1976, Groys moved from Leningrad to Moscow; there he joined the artis-
ILYA KABAKOV tic underground and became close to Russian artists Ilya Kabakov, Erik Bulatov,
The Man Who Flew into Space Dmitri Prigov, Andrei Monastyrski, Lev Rubinstein, and Ivan Chuikov. He first
from His Apartment
Boris Groys wrote about them in 1979 for a A-Ya, a Russian-language magazine published
2006, 978-1-846380-04-4 in Paris, calling them “Moscow Romantic conceptualists.” History Becomes Form
$16.00T/£9.95 paper collects Groys’s essays on Moscow Conceptualism, most of them written after
Distributed for Afterall Books
his emigration to the West in 1981. The individual artists of the group became
ART POWER
known in the West after perestroika, but until now the artistic movement as a
Boris Groys
2008, 978-0-262-07292-2 whole has received little attention. Groys’s account sheds light not only on the
$24.95T/£18.95 cloth Moscow Conceptualists and their work but also on the dilemmas of Soviet
artists during the Cold War.
Boris Groys is Professor of Russian and Slavic Studies at New York
University. He is the author of many books, including Ilya Kabakov:
The Man Who Flew into Space from His Apartment (2006) and Art
Power (2008), both published by the MIT Press.

18 Fall 2010 mitpress.mit.edu


art

THE GREAT MIGRATOR


Robert Rauschenberg and the Global Rise of American Art
Hiroko Ikegami
Robert Rauschenberg on
In 1964, Robert Rauschenberg, already a frequent transatlantic traveler, became tour in 1964, and the early
even more peripatetic, joining the Merce Cunningham Dance Company as cos- globalization of the art world.
tume and set designer for its first world tour. Rauschenberg and the company
visited thirty cities in fourteen countries throughout Europe and Asia. During September
the tour, he not only devised sets and costumes but also enacted his own per- 7 1/2 x 9, 288 pp.
87 color illus.
formances and created works of art, often using local materials and collaborating
with local art communities. In The Great Migrator, Hiroko Ikegami examines $29.95T/£22.95 cloth
978-0-262-01425-0
Rauschenberg’s activities abroad and charts the increasing international domi-
nance of American art during that period.
Unlike other writers, who have viewed the export of American art during the Recipient of a Wyeth Foundation
1950s and 1960s as another form of Cold War propagandizing (and famous for American Art Publication Grant
American artists as cultural imperialists), Ikegami sees the global rise of for 2009
American art as a cross-cultural phenomenon in which each art community
Rauschenberg visited was searching in different ways for cultural and artistic
identity in the midst of Americanization. Rauschenberg’s travels and collabora-
tions established a new kind of transnational network for the postwar art world
— prefiguring the globalization of art before the era of globalization.
Ikegami focuses on Rauschenberg’s stops in four cities: Paris, Venice
(where he became the first American to win the Grand Prize at the Venice
Biennale), Stockholm, and Tokyo. In each city, she tells us,
Rauschenberg’s work encountered both enthusiasm and
resistance (which was often a reaction against American
power). Ikegami’s account offers a fresh, nonbinary
perspective on the global and the local.
Hiroko Ikegami, an art historian who specializes in American
art and the postwar globalization of the art world, is Assistant
Professor in the Graduate School of Human Sciences at Osaka
University. In Fall 2010 she will become Associate Professor in
the Graduate School of Intercultural Studies at Kobe University.

mitpress.mit.edu Fall 2010 19


art

THE ABSENCE OF WORK


Marcel Broodthaers, 1964-1976
Rachel Haidu
A provocative investigation of
Marcel Broodthaers’s work as In 1964, at age forty, Marcel Broodthaers (1924-1976) proclaimed that his years
a reflection on the uses and of writing poetry — of being “good for nothing,” in his words — were over, and
abuses of language. a brief but dazzling artistic career began. Considered a founding father of institu-
tional critique, Broodthaers created hundreds of objects, books, films, photo-
October graphs and exhibitions, including a “fictive” museum of modern art that evolved
7 x 9, 392 pp. from an installation in his own home to a massive exhibition of over three hun-
46 illus.
dred works representing eagles. In The Absence of Work, Rachel Haidu argues that
$34.95T/£25.95 cloth
978-0-262-01450-2
all of Broodthaers’s art is defined by its relationship to language. His perception
of his poetry’s “failure to communicate” led him to explore in his art the noncom-
An October Book
municative, nontransparent uses of language. By showing us the ways in which
language is instrumentalized across society — used for its efficiency despite the
complexities it introduces into communication — Broodthaers shows us how we
imagine language to work and points us to its hidden operations.
Haidu’s characterization of Broodthaers’s contribution to
institutional critique represents a major departure from the
usual approach to this movement. Considering the wider
political implications of his work, including its reflections on
national identity and democracy, she explores how they derive
from historical references and examines his work’s relationships
to the works of other contemporary artists. With The Absence of
Work, one of the first monographs on Broodthaers in English,
Haidu demystifies a crucial and enigmatic figure in postwar
and contemporary art.
Rachel Haidu is Associate Professor in the Department of Art and Art
History and the Graduate Program in Visual and Cultural Studies at the
University of Rochester.

20 Fall 2010 mitpress.mit.edu


art

FAILURE
edited by Lisa Le Feuvre
Amid the global uncertainties of our times, failure has become a central subject Investigations of failure as a key
of investigation in recent art. Celebrating failed promises and myths of the avant- concern — as theme, strategy,
garde, or setting out to realize seemingly impossible tasks, artists have actively and world view — of recent art.
claimed the space of failure to propose a resistant view of the world. Here success
is deemed overrated, doubt embraced, experimentation encouraged, and risk October
considered a viable strategy. The abstract possibilities opened up by failure are 5 3/8 x 8 1/4, 240 pp.
further reinforced by the problems of physically realizing artworks — wrestling $24.95T paper
with ideas, representation, and object-making. By amplifying both theoretical 978-0-262-51477-4
and practical failure, artists have sought new, unexpected ways of opening up Documents of Contemporary Art series
endgame situations, ranging from the ideological shadow of the white cube to Copublished with Whitechapel
unfulfilled promises of political emancipation. Between the two subjective poles Gallery, London
of success and failure lies a space of potentially productive operations where Not for sale in the
paradox rules and dogma is refused. This collection of writings, statements, United Kingdom or Europe
mediations, fictions, polemics, and discussions identifies failure as a core
concern in cultural production. Failure
Also available in the
identifies moments of thought that Documents of Contemporary
have eschewed consensus, choosing to Art series
address questions rather than answers. THE SUBLIME
edited by Simon Morley
Lisa Le Feuvre is Curator of Contemporary 2010, 978-0-262-51391-3
Art at the National Maritime Museum, $24.95T paper
London, and Associate Lecturer in Creative
Curating at Goldsmiths College, London. CHANCE
edited by Margaret Iversen
2010, 978-0-262-51392-0
$24.95T paper

ARTISTS SURVEYED INCLUDE


Bas Jan Ader, Francis Alÿs, John Baldessari, Chris Burden, Phil Collins, Martin Creed,
David Critchley, Fischli & Weiss, Ceal Floyer, Isa Genzken, Dominique Gonzalez-Foerster,
Félix González-Torres, Wade Guyton, International Necronautical Society, Ray Johnson,
Mike Kelley, Martin Kippenberger, Michael Krebber, Bruce Nauman, Simon Patterson,
Janette Parris, Yvonne Rainer, Robert Rauschenberg, Dieter Roth, Allen Ruppersberg,
Roman Signer, Annika Ström, Paul Thek, William Wegman

WRITERS INCLUDE
Giorgio Agamben, Samuel Beckett, Daniel Birnbaum, Bazon Brock, Johanna Burton,
Emma Cocker, Gilles Deleuze, Russell Ferguson, Ann Goldstein, Jörg Heiser,
Jennifer Higgie, Richard Hylton, Jean-Yves Jouannais, Lisa Lee, Stuart Morgan,
Hans-Joachim Müller, Karl Popper, Edgar Schmitz, Coosje van Bruggen

mitpress.mit.edu Fall 2010 21


architecture

DOWN DETOUR ROAD


An Architect in Search of Practice
Eric J. Cesal
A young architect’s search for
new architectural values in I paused at the stoop and thought this could be the basis of a good book. The story of a
a time of economic crisis.
young man who went deep into the bowels of the academy in order to understand
architecture and found it had been on his doorstep all along. This had an air of hokey-
September ness about it, but it had been a tough couple of days and I was feeling sentimental
5 3/8 x 8, 224 pp.
10 illus.
about the warm confines of the studio which had unceremoniously discharged me upon
the world.
$21.95T/£16.95 paper
978-0-262-01461-8 — from Down Detour Road

What does it say about the value of architecture that as the world faces economic
and ecological crises, unprecedented numbers of architects are out of work? This
is the question that confronted architect Eric Cesal as he finished graduate school
at the onset of the worst financial meltdown in a generation. Down Detour Road
is his journey: one that begins off-course, and ends in a hopeful new vision of
architecture.
Like many architects of his generation, Cesal confronts a cold reality.
Architects may assure each other of their own importance, but society has come
to view architecture as a luxury it can do without. For Cesal, this recognition
becomes an occasion to rethink architecture and its value from the very core.
He argues that the times demand a new architecture, an empowered architecture
that is useful and relevant. New architectural values emerge as our cultural values
shift: from high risks to safe bets, from strong portfolios to
strong communities, and from clean lines to clean energy.
This is not a book about how to run a firm or a profession;
it doesn’t predict the future of architectural form or aesthetics.
It is a personal story — and in many ways a generational one:
a story that follows its author on a winding detour across the
country, around the profession, and into a new architectural
reality.
Eric J. Cesal holds master’s degrees in business administration,
construction management, and architecture from Washington University
in St. Louis. He is now living in Port-au-Prince, managing and coordinating
Architecture for Humanity’s design and reconstruction initiatives
in Haiti.

22 Fall 2010 mitpress.mit.edu


architecture

ARCHITECTURE AT THE EDGE OF EVERYTHING ELSE


edited by Esther Choi and Marrikka Trotter
Combining formal argument with informal conversations and design proposals, An examination of architecture
Architecture at the Edge of Everything Else offers creative ideas for “thinking and as it comes in contact with
acting architecture differently.” What makes the book unique (apart from its other disciplines in the
lively graphic format) is the freshness of its voices — young architects and contemporary world.

emerging practitioners who for the most part have not published before.
Interwoven with their proposals are conversations among these new voices and October
more established authors and practitioners, including Sanford Kwinter, Sylvia 6 3/4 x 9 1/3, 224 pp.
10 color illus., 50 black & white illus.
Lavin, K. Michael Hays, Philippe Rahm, Liam Gillick, Teddy Cruz, and
$27.95T/£20.95 cloth
Michael Meredith. Architecture at the Edge of Everything Else investigates the
978-0-262-01479-3
inner contradictions tangling and obscuring architectural discourse. It locates
Work Books series
architecture in a cultural, social, political, and situational landscape — the space it
actually occupies in the contemporary world. Examining architecture as it comes Copublished with Work Books
into contact with other disciplines — including art, art history, cultural studies,
CONTRIBUTORS
curating, landscape architecture, neuroaesthetics, pedagogy, philosophy, political Brett Albert, Matthew Allen,
science, and urbanism — the book considers architecture’s precarious position at Esther Choi, Teddy Cruz,
Suzanne Ernst, Liam Gillick,
the edge: at the edge of its own dilemmas and at the edge of “everything else.”
K. Michael Hays, Sanford Kwinter,
In different ways, all the contributors suggest how to understand the innova- Sylvia Lavin, Michael Meredith,
tive possibilities and pitfalls of spatial practices — teasing, analyzing, and cele- Yu Morishita, Trevor Patt,
Philippe Rahm, Joe Ringenberg,
brating architecture’s disciplinary ambiguity — with proposals that range from a
Jonathan Tate, Marrikka Trotter,
“lo-res” architecture to one controlled by the curatorial impulse, from customiz- Douglas Wu
able “skins” on residential buildings to the collection of residual space for new
uses. Their investigations encompass how to interpret, how to intervene, and
how to imagine. Breaking out of institutional molds and reaching across genera-
tional divides, Architecture at the Edge of Everything Else marks the beginning of
a new conversation about architecture and its expanded landscape.
Esther Choi, a multidisciplinary artist and writer, is Assistant Professor
in the Departments of Criticism and Curatorial Practices, Photography,
and the Interdisciplinary Masters in Art, Media, and Design Program at
the Ontario College of Art and Design. Marrikka Trotter is the founder
of the art and design initiative The Department of Micro-Urbanism.
She teaches advanced studio at the Boston Architectural College,
and her writing has appeared in Harvard Design Magazine.

mitpress.mit.edu Fall 2010 23


architecture

EVENT-CITIES 4
Concept-Form
Bernard Tschumi
Tschumi introduces the
“concept-form”: a concept Event-Cities 4 is the latest in the Event-Cities series from Bernard Tschumi,
generating a form, or a form documenting recent built and theoretical projects in the context of his evolving
generating a concept views on architecture, urbanism, and design. Event-Cities 4 follows directly from
the work of Event-Cities 3, which examined the interaction of architectural
September content, concept, and context. This volume takes the interaction a step further,
6 1/2 x 9, 640 pp. looking at a series of projects for which program or context are insufficient as a
200 color illus.,
350 black & white illus. generative conceptual strategy, hence requiring a different approach. Tschumi has
$35.00T/£25.95 paper
said, “Over the past years, there is one word I have almost never used, except in
978-0-262-51241-1 order to attack it: ‘form.’ ” In Event-Cities 4, Tschumi introduces the “concept-
form”: a concept generating a form, or a form generating a concept, so that one
reinforces the other. The concept may be programmatic, technological, or social.
Also available The form may be singular or multiple, regular or irregular. Concept-forms act as
EVENT-CITIES 2 organizing devices or common denominators for the multiple dimensions of pro-
Bernard Tschumi
2001, 978-0-262-70074-0 grams and their evolution over time, and drive the projects featured in this book.
$45.00S/£33.95 paper Highlights include master plans for a pair of media-based work spaces and
EVENT-CITIES 3 cultural campuses in Singapore and Abu Dhabi; a major master plan for a finan-
Concept vs. Context vs. Content cial center with 40,000 projected inhabitants in the Dominican Republic; the
Bernard Tschumi
innovative Blue Residential Tower in New York City; a group of museums and
2005, 978-0-262-70110-5
$40.00T/£29.95 paper cultural buildings in France, Abu Dhabi, Dubai, and South Korea; a pedestrian
INDEX ARCHITECTURE
bridge in France; and a “multi-programmatic” furniture piece, the TypoLounger.
A Columbia Architecture Book The book contains more than twenty of the Tschumi firm’s recent projects,
edited by Bernard Tschumi and showcasing the most current and forward-looking designs of one of the world’s
Matthew Berman
2003, 978-0-262-70095-5
leading architectural practices.
$38.00T/£28.95 paper Bernard Tschumi is Principal of Bernard
Tschumi Architects, New York and Paris. He
was dean of the Columbia Graduate School
of Architecture from 1988 to 2003.

24 Fall 2010 mitpress.mit.edu


architecture

PERSPECTA 43
Taboo
The Yale Architectural Journal
Exploring the ill-defined realm
edited by John Capen Brough, Seher Erdogan and Parsa Khalili of the architectural taboo, from
We are beset by unspoken rules. As a result, we learn to find consensus in nots the hidden spaces of American
life to artistic practices in
and to seek refuge in don’ts. A taboo is a restriction invented and agreed upon by
postrevolutionary Iran.
a social group that maintains stability (disciplinary order) but also induces trans-
gressions (the possibility of an avant-garde). Taboos structure our thinking and
frame our discussions. In architecture, taboos create an operative way of thinking September
9 x 12, 196 pp.
about and making architecture through unspoken agreement. This issue of 146 color illus.
Perspecta — the oldest and most distinguished student-edited architectural jour-
$25.00T/£19.95 paper
nal in America — tackles architectural unutterables. In articles and projects, his- 978-0-262-51479-8
torians, theorists, and practitioners investigate contemporary and historical
instances of taboo, aiming to uncover its function in the pedagogy and praxis of
architecture. Also available
The contributors, asked simply “What is Taboo?”, respond with a range of RE-READING PERSPECTA
The First Fifty Years of the Yale
examples. These include an examination of the relatively unknown work of Architectural Journal
the Italian architect Rinaldo Semino; photographs documenting the unseen, edited by Robert A. M. Stern, Peggy
peripheral spaces of American life; a series of marginalia illustrating certain Deamer and Alan Plattus
2005, 978-0-262-19506-5
typographic don’ts in all their absurdity; a study of memorials erected to Maoist $75.00T/£55.95 cloth
insurgents killed by police and paramilitary forces in India; and a critique, by
PERSPECTA 42
redaction and reconstruction, of Rem Koolhaas’s essay “Typical Plan.” The Real
The Yale Architectureal
John Capen Brough is an architect practic-
Journal
ing in New York City. Seher Erdogan is an
architect practicing in New Haven. Parsa edited by Matthew Roman
Khalili is an architect practicing in New and Tal Schori
York City. All three are graduates of the 2010, 978-0-262-51393-7
Yale School of Architecture. $25.00T/£18.95 paper

CONTRIBUTORS
Pier Vittorio Aureli, Glen Cummings, Thomas de Monchaux, Arindam Dutta, Edward Eigen,
Mario Gooden, Alicia Imperiale, Pamela Karimi, Keith Krumwiede, Erika Naginski,
NaJa & DeOstos, Jorge Otero-Pailos, Neri Oxman, Michelangelo Sabatino,
Taryn Simon, Marcel Vellinga, Loïc Wacquant

INTERVIEWS
Sunil Bald, Thomas Beeby, Peggy Deamer, Peter Eisenman, Greg Lynn, and Robert A. M. Stern

mitpress.mit.edu Fall 2010 25


current affairs/public policy

IMMIGRANTS AND THE RIGHT TO STAY


Joseph H. Carens
A proposal that immigrants
The Obama administration promises to take on comprehensive immigration
in the United States should reform in 2010, setting policymakers to work on legislation that might give the
be offered a path to approximately eleven million undocumented immigrants currently living in the
legalized status. United States a path to legalization of status. Commentators have been quick to
observe that any such proposal will face intense opposition.
September Few issues have so divided the country in recent years as immigration.
4 1/2 x 7, 128 pp. Immigrants and the Right to Stay brings the debate into the realm of public
$14.95T/£11.95 cloth reason. Political theorist Joseph Carens argues that although states have a right
978-0-262-01483-0
to control their borders, the right to deport those who violate immigration laws is
A Boston Review Book not absolute. With time, immigrants develop a moral claim to stay. Emphasizing
the moral importance of social membership, and drawing on principles widely
RESPONSES FROM
T. Alexander Aleinikoff recognized in liberal democracies, Carens calls for a rolling amnesty that gives
Linda Bosniak unauthorized migrants a path to regularize their status once they have been set-
Jean Bethke Elshtain tled for a significant period of time.
Douglas S. Massey
Mae Ngai After Carens makes his case, six experts from across the political spectrum
Carol M. Swain respond. Some protest that he goes too far; others say he does not go far enough
in protecting the rights of migrants. Several raise competing moral claims and
others help us understand how the immigration problem became so large. Carens
Also available in the Boston Review series
agrees that no moral claim is absolute, and that, on any complex public issue,
RACE, INCARCERATION,
AND AMERICAN VALUES principled debate involves weighing competing concerns. But for him the
Glen Loury balance falls clearly on the side of amnesty.
2008, 978-0-262-12311-2
$14.95T/£11.95 cloth Joseph H. Carens is Professor of
Political Science at the University of
THE MEN IN MY LIFE Toronto. His book Culture, Citizenship,
Vivian Gornick and Community: A Contextual Exploration
2008, 978-0-262-07303-5 of Justice as Evenhandedness won the
$14.95T/£11.95 cloth 2002 C. B. Macpherson Award from the
Canadian Political Science Association.
INVENTING AMERICAN
HISTORY
e
om
William Hogeland
2009, 978-0-262-01288-1
c
$14.95T/£11.95 cloth
r to
e
cov
AFRICA'S TURN?
Edward Miguel
al
Fin
2009, 978-0-262-01289-8
$14.95T/£11.95 cloth

26 Fall 2010 mitpress.mit.edu


environment/public policy

PREPARING FOR CLIMATE CHANGE


Michael D. Mastrandrea and Stephen H. Schneider
Global momentum is building to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. So far, so Why we should prepare for climate
good. The less happy news is that Earth’s temperatures will continue to rise for change now by taking anticipatory
decades. And evidence shows that climbing temperatures are already having seri- action in vulnerable regions.
ous consequences for vulnerable people and regions through droughts, extreme
weather, and melting glaciers. In this book, climate experts Michael Mastrandrea October
and Stephen Schneider argue that we need to start adapting to climate change, 4 1/2 x 7, 96 pp.
now. They write that these efforts should focus primarily on identifying the $14.95T/£11.95 cloth
places and people most at risk and taking anticipatory action — from developing 978-0-262-01488-5
drought-resistant crops to building sea walls. The authors roundly reject the idea A Boston Review Book
that reactive, unplanned adaptation will solve our problems — that species will
migrate northward as climates warm, and farmers will shift to new crops and
more hospitable locations. And they are highly critical of “geoengineering” Also available in the Boston Review series
WHY WE COOPERATE
schemes that are designed to cool the planet by such methods as injecting iron Michael Tomasello
into oceans or exploding volcanoes. 2009, 978-0-262-01359-8
Mastrandrea and Schneider insist that smart adaptation will require a series $14.95T/£11.95 cloth
of local and regional projects, many of them in the countries least able to pay for AFTER AMERICA‘S MIDLIFE CRISIS
them and least responsible for the problem itself. Ensuring that we address the Michael Gecan
2009, 978-0-262-01360-4
needs of these countries, while we work globally to reduce emissions over the $14.95T/£11.95 cloth
long term, is our best chance to avert global disaster and to reduce the terrible,
RULE OF LAW,
unfair burdens that are likely to accompany global warming. MISRULE OF MEN
Michael D. Mastrandrea is Research Elaine Scarry
Associate at the Woods Institute for 2010, 978-0-262-01427-4
the Environment at Stanford University. $14.95T/£11.95 cloth
He contributed to the Intergovernmental TAKING ECONOMICS
Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Fourth
SERIOUSLY
Assessment Report in 2007. Stephen H.
Dean Baker
Schneider, Melvin and Joan Lane Professor
for Interdisciplinary Environmental Studies 2010, 978-0-262-01418-2
and Professor of Biology at Stanford $14.95T/£11.95 cloth
University, was Coordinating Lead Author
of the IPCC’s working group on Impacts,
Adaptation and Vulnerability, from 1997
to 2001, and, with his IPCC colleagues,
was awarded a joint Nobel Prize in 2007.
He is the author or editor of many books,
including Science as a Contact Sport: Inside
the Battle to Save Earth’s Climate and
Scientists Debate Gaia: The Next Century
(MIT Press, 2004).

mitpress.mit.edu Fall 2010 27


environment/cultural studies/art

AIR
edited by John Knechtel
Writers, artists, and scholars
The thin layer of atmosphere that clings to the surface of our planet is a fragile
consider the fragility of air, and corrupted brew. Air is in constant, restless migration around the globe, con-
the ultimate commons. necting us in the most intimate fashion. From the dust storms that sweep into
Beijing from faraway deserts to the smog from Chinese factories that shrouds
October Los Angeles, our air, the ultimate commons, is tragically defenseless. Breathing
4 3/4 x 6 1/4, 320 pp. air is an involuntary physical function, but keeping the air breathable requires acts
200 color illus.
of political imagination and will. Air considers the condition of this basic compo-
$15.95T/£11.95 cloth nent of life on earth from a range of perspectives. It reveals the thick materiality
978-0-262-01466-3
of air, air as stinky, clotted, corrupted matter — in a word, dirty. We see the stuff
Alphabet City 15 of air in the form of molecules from disintegrating artworks, or as the material
for building forms; as the bearer of scents and germs and as the substrate for
communications both digital and pneumatic. Here, an asthmatic strains to inhale
Also available in the Alphabet City series
SUBTITLES
the air that bears the cause of her distress; a philosopher muses on the intelligi-
On the Foreigness of Film bility of air; an artist dreams of being the accountant of dust; and city construc-
edited by Atom Egoyan tion sheds are replaced by a floating “urbanCLOUD.” Air leads us to perceive air,
and Ian Balfour
2004, 978-0-262-05078-4
and the imperative to protect it, anew.
$35.00T/£25.95 cloth John Knechtel is Director of Alphabet
Alphabet City 9 City Media in Toronto.
SUSPECT
edited by John Knechtel
2005, 978-0-262-11290-1
$15.95T/£11.95 cloth
Alphabet City 10
TRASH
edited by John Knechtel
2006, 978-0-262-11301-4
$15.95T/£11.95 cloth
Alphabet City 11
FOOD
edited by John Knechtel
2007, 978-0-262-11309-0
$15.95T/£11.95 cloth
Alphabet City 12
FUEL
edited by John Knechtel
2008, 978-0-262-11325-0
$15.95T/£11.95 cloth
Alphabet City 13
WATER
edited by John Knechtel
2009, 978-0-262-01329-1
$15.95T/£11.95 cloth
Alphabet City 14
Copublished with Alphabet City Media

Each volume of Alphabet City’s pocketbook anthology


series gathers the work of a diverse group of writers and
artists to investigate a single topic from many angles.

28 Fall 2010 mitpress.mit.edu


food/environment

FOOD JUSTICE
Robert Gottlieb and Anupama Joshi
In today’s food system, farm workers face difficult and hazardous conditions, The story of how the emerging
low-income neighborhoods lack supermarkets but abound in fast-food restau- food justice movement is seeking
rants and liquor stores, food products emphasize convenience rather than whole- to transform the American food
someness, and the international reach of American fast-food franchises has been system from seed to table.

a major contributor to an epidemic of “globesity.” To combat these inequities and


excesses, a movement for food justice has emerged in recent years seeking to October
transform the food system from seed to table. In Food Justice, Robert Gottlieb 6 x 9, 304 pp.
19 illus.
and Anupama Joshi tell the story of this emerging movement.
$27.95T/£20.95 cloth
A food justice framework ensures that the benefits and risks of how food is
978-0-262-07291-5
grown and processed, transported, distributed, and consumed are shared equi-
Food, Health, and the
tably. Gottlieb and Joshi recount the history of food injustices and describe cur- Environment series
rent efforts to change the system, including community gardens and farmer
training in Holyoke, Massachusetts, youth empowerment through the
Rethinkers in New Orleans, farm-to-school programs across the country, and Also available
the Los Angeles school system’s elimination of sugary soft drinks from its cafe- ENVIRONMENTALISM UNBOUND
Exploring New Pathways
terias. And they tell how food activism has succeeded at the highest level: advo-
for Change
cates waged a grassroots campaign that convinced the Obama White House to Robert Gottlieb
plant a vegetable garden. The first comprehensive inquiry into this emerging 2002, 978-0-262-57166-1
$24.00T/£17.95 paper
movement, Food Justice addresses the increasing disconnect between food and
culture that has resulted from our highly industrialized food system. REINVENTING LOS ANGELES
Nature and Community
Robert Gottlieb is Professor of Urban & Environmental Policy at Occidental College in Los in the Global City
Angeles. He is the author of Environmentalism Unbound: Exploring New Pathways for Robert Gottlieb
Change (2001), and Reinventing Los Angeles: Nature and Community in the Global City 2007, 978-0-262-57243-9
(2007), both published by the MIT Press, and other books. Anupama Joshi is Codirector of $26.95T/£19.95 paper
the National Farm to School Network and is based at the Urban & Environmental Policy
Institute at Occidental College.

“Gottlieb and Joshi name names and pull no punches. Their point
of view, that the dominant agroindustrial food industry is inherently
unjust to farm workers, consumers, and the communities that suffer
from the external costs of food production comes through loud
and clear.”
— Nevin Cohen, Eugene Lang College,
New School for Liberal Arts

mitpress.mit.edu Fall 2010 29


environment/politics

SACRIFICE ZONES
The Front Lines of Toxic Chemical Exposure in the United States
Steve Lerner
The stories of residents of
foreword by Phil Brown
low-income communities across
the country who took action when
“I just got mad. I couldn’t breathe in my own house.”
pollution from heavy industry
contaminated their towns. — Ruth Reed, a resident of Ocala, Florida,
who lives next door to a Royal Oak Charcoal factory
September
6 x 9, 368 pp.
Across the United States, thousands of people, most of them in low-income or
minority communities, live next to heavily polluting industrial sites. Many of
$29.95T/£22.95 cloth
978-0-262-01440-3 them, like Ruth Reed, reach a point at which they say “Enough is enough.” After
living for years with poisoned air and water, contaminated soil, and pollution-
related health problems, they start to take action — organizing, speaking up,
Also available documenting the effects of pollution on their neighborhoods.
ECO-PIONEERS In Sacrifice Zones, Steve Lerner tells the stories of twelve communities, from
Practical Visionaries Solving
Today’s Environmental Problems
Brooklyn to Pensacola, that rose up to fight the industries and military bases
Steve Lerner causing disproportionately high levels of chemical pollution. He calls these low-
1998, 978-0-262-62124-3 income neighborhoods “sacrifice zones” — repurposing a Cold War term coined
$30.00S/£22.95 paper
by U.S. government officials to designate areas contaminated with radioactive
DIAMOND pollutants during the manufacture of nuclear weapons. And he argues that resi-
A Struggle for Environmental
Justice in Louisiana’s dents of a new generation of sacrifice zones, tainted with chemical pollutants,
Chemical Corridor need additional regulatory protections.
Steve Lerner Studies show that poor and minority neighborhoods are more polluted than
2006, 978-0-262-62204-2
$16.95T/£12.95 paper wealthier areas located farther away from heavy industry. Sacrifice Zones goes
beyond these disheartening statistics and gives us the voices of the residents
themselves. We hear from people like Margaret L. Williams,
who organized her neighbors to demand relocation away from
two Superfund hazardous waste sites; Hilton Kelley, who came
back to his hometown to find intensified emissions from the
Exxon Mobil refinery next to the housing project in which he
grew up; and Laura Ward, who found technicians drilling a
hole in her backyard to test groundwater for pollution from the
nearby Lockheed Martin weapons plant. Sacrifice Zones offers
compelling portraits of accidental activists who have become
grassroots leaders in the struggle for environmental justice
and details the successful tactics they have used on the fence
line with heavy industry.
Steve Lerner is Research Director of Commonweal, a health and
environment research institute. He is the author of Eco-Pioneers:
Practical Visionaries Solving Today’s Environmental Problems (1998)
and Diamond: A Struggle for Environmental Justice in Louisiana’s
Chemical Corridor (2005), both published by the MIT Press.

“Easy to read, compelling, and hard to put down. The stories are
important, have not been told, and need to be recounted in a public
way. This book will give motivation to some, solace to others, and
consternation to organizations that are exposed.”
— Peter L. DeFur, Virginia Commonwealth University

30 Fall 2010 mitpress.mit.edu


technology/current affairs

PRIME MOVERS OF GLOBALIZATION


The History and Impact of Diesel Engines and Gas Turbines
Vaclav Smil
The story of how diesel engines
The many books on globalization published over the past few years range from and gas turbines, used to power
claims that the world is flat to an unlikely rehabilitation of Genghis Khan as a cargo ships and jet airplanes,
pioneer of global commerce. Missing from these accounts is a consideration of made today’s globally integrated
economy possible.
the technologies behind the creation of the globalized economy. What makes it
possible for us to move billions of tons of raw materials and manufactured goods
from continent to continent? Why are we able to fly almost anywhere on the September
7 x 9, 264 pp.
planet within twenty-four hours? In Prime Movers of Globalization, Vaclav Smil 88 illus.
offers a history of two key technical developments that have driven globalization:
$29.95T/£22.95 cloth
the high-compression non-sparking internal combustion engines invented by 978-0-262-01443-4
Rudolf Diesel in the 1890s and the gas turbines designed by Frank Whittle and
Hans-Joachim Pabst von Ohain in the 1930s. The massive diesel engines that
power cargo ships and the gas turbines that propel jet engines, Smil argues, are Also available
more important to the global economy than any corporate structure or interna- ENERGY AT THE CROSSROADS
Global Perspectives
tional trade agreement. and Uncertainties
Smil compares the efficiency and scale of these two technologies to prime Vaclav Smil
movers of the past, including the sail and the steam engine. The lengthy processes 2005, 978-0-262-69324-0
$19.95T/£14.95 paper
of development, commercialization, and diffusion that the diesel engine and
the gas turbine went through, he argues, provide perfect examples of gradual ENERGY IN NATURE AND SOCIETY
General Energetics of
technical advances that receive little attention but have resulted in epochal shifts Complex Systems
in global affairs and the global economy. Vaclav Smil
2007, 978-0-262-69356-1
Vaclav Smil is Distinguished Professor at the University of Manitoba and the author of $34.00S/£25.95 paper
many books, including Energy at the Crossroads: Global Perspectives and Uncertainties
(2005), Energy in Nature and Society: General Energetics of Complex Systems (2007), GLOBAL CATASTROPHES
Global Catastrophes and Trends: The Next Fifty Years (2008), and Why America Is Not a New AND TRENDS
Rome (2010), all published by the MIT Press. He was awarded the 2007 Olivia Schieffelin The Next Fifty Years
Nordberg Award for excellence in writing and editing in the population sciences. Vaclav Smil
2008, 978-0-262-19586-7
$29.95T/£22.95 cloth
WHY AMERICA IS NOT
A NEW ROME
Vaclav Smil
2010, 978-0-262-19593-5
$24.95T/£18.95 cloth

mitpress.mit.edu Fall 2010 31


current affairs/politics

LAWS, OUTLAWS, AND TERRORISTS


Lessons from the War on Terrorism
Gabriella Blum and Philip B. Heymann
Guidance for maintaining
national security without In an age of global terrorism, can the pursuit of security be reconciled with liberal
abandoning the rule of law democratic values and legal principles? During its “global war on terrorism,” the
and our democratic values. Bush administration argued that the United States was in a new kind of conflict,
one in which peacetime domestic law was irrelevant and international law inap-
September plicable. From 2001 to 2009, the United States thus waged war on terrorism in
6 x 9, 232 pp. a “no-law zone.”
$21.95T/£16.95 cloth Gabriella Blum and Philip Heymann reject the argument that traditional
978-0-262-01475-5
American values embodied in domestic and international law can be ignored in
Belfer Center Studies in any sustainable effort to keep the United States safe from terrorism. In Laws,
International Security
Outlaws, and Terrorists, they demonstrate that the costs are great and the bene-
fits slight from separating security and the rule of law.
Blum and Heymann argue that the harsh measures employed by the Bush
administration were authorized too broadly, resulted in too much harm, and
often proved to be counterproductive for security. Blum and Heymann recog-
nize that a severe terrorist attack might justify changing the balance between
law and security, but they call for reasoned judgment instead of a wholesale
abandonment of American values. They also argue that being open to negotia-
tions and seeking to win the moral support of the communities from which the
terrorists emerge are noncoercive strategies that must be included in any future
efforts to reduce terrorism.
Gabriella Blum is Assistant Professor of Law at Harvard Law School and
author of Islands of Agreement: Managing Enduring Armed Rivalries and
former Legal Advisor for the Israel Defense Forces. Philip B. Heymann
is James Barr Ames Professor of Law at Harvard Law School and a former
Deputy Attorney General of the United States. He is author of Terrorism,
Freedom, and Security (2003) and Preserving Liberty in an Age of Terror
(2005), both published by the MIT Press.

32 Fall 2010 mitpress.mit.edu


late addition
nature

ATLAS OF RARE BIRDS


Dominic Couzens
This book offers a guide to some of the rarest birds in existence, with maps that Captivating stories of the
show where to find them. Focusing on fifty captivating stories of the very rare, very rare — birds not seen
it describes remarkable discoveries of species not seen for centuries and brought for centuries, birds brought back
back from the brink of extinction, successes like the Seychelles Magpie-Robin from the brink of extinction —
illustrated with color
and the California Condor. The book is organized around key groups of species, photographs and maps.
with each species the subject of its own mini-chapter; we learn about the five
most amazing tales of island endemics, the five most bizarre cases of a bird’s
October
becoming threatened, and other astonishing tales of bird life. 10 1/2 x 8 1/2, 240 pp.
Atlas of Rare Birds is an accessible, readable, and visually appealing take on 200 color photographs
the serious subject of threatened birds and possible extinctions — a timely topic 61 color maps
because of increasing concerns about climate change and habitat destruction. $29.95T cloth
The atlas format — featuring 200 color photographs and 61 color maps — 978-0-262-01517-2
shows the global nature of the problem and brings together the many strands For sale in North America only
of the concerted bird conservation effort taking place on every continent.
Atlas of Rare Birds is published in association with BirdLife International,
the world’s largest global alliance of bird conservation organizations.
Dominic Couzens is a full-time ornithologist based in Ferndown, Dorset,
England. He is the author of Top 100 Birding Sites of the World and
Bird Migration.

mitpress.mit.edu Fall 2010


late addition
nature

BOTANIC GARDENS
Modern-Day Arks
Sara Oldfield
A lavishly illustrated look at
botanic gardens and the work All life depends on plants, but we often take them for granted in our everyday
that goes on behind the scenes lives. It is easy to ignore the fact that we are facing a crisis: scientists estimate
to save our botanical heritage. that one third of all flowering plant species are threatened with extinction.
This lavishly illustrated volume considers the essential conservation role of
September botanic gardens, telling the story of how a global network is working to save
10 1/2 x 8 1/2, 240 pp. our botanical heritage. Chapters feature gardens from countries around the
200 color photographs
world, including the United Kingdom, the United States, Australia, Germany,
$29.95T cloth
Turkey, Uganda, South Africa, Mexico, Brazil, and China.
978-0-262-01516-5
Comments and photographs from the gardeners involved give the book a
For sale in North America only
personal touch, revealing the human side of the important work that goes on
behind the scenes of these spectacular gardens. Author Sara Oldfield shows
us how botanic gardens are truly “modern-day arks,” safeguarding species and
saving resources on which we may someday depend.
Sara Oldfield, based in Kew, London, is Secretary General of Botanic
Gardens Conservation International. She is the author of Rainforest
(2003) and Deserts: The Living Drylands (2004), both published by
the MIT Press.

Fall 2010 mitpress.mit.edu


biography/science

HELMHOLTZ
From Enlightenment to Neuroscience
Michel Meulders
The first biography in English
translated by Laurence Garey
of a nineteenth-century German
Although Hermann von Helmholtz was one of most remarkable figures of nine- scientist whose experimental
teenth-century science, he is little known outside his native Germany. Helmholtz approach influences
today’s neuroscience.
(1821–1894) made significant contributions to the study of vision and perception
and was also influential in the painting, music, and literature of the time; one
of his major works analyzed tone in music. This book, the first in English to October
6 x 9, 264 pp.
describe Helmholtz’s life and work in detail, describes his scientific studies, 32 illus.
analyzes them in the context of the science and philosophy of the period — in
$27.95T/£20.95 cloth
particular the German Naturphilosophie — and gauges his influence on today’s 978-0-262-01448-9
neuroscience.
Helmholtz, trained by Johannes Müller, one of the best physiologists of
his time, used a resolutely materialistic and empirical scientific method in his
research. This puts him in the tradition of Kant and the English empirical
philosophers and directly opposed to the idealists and naturalists who inter-
preted nature based on metaphysical presuppositions. Helmholtz’s research on
color vision put him at odds with Goethe’s more romantic theorizing on the
subject; but at the end of his life, Helmholtz honored Goethe’s contributions,
acknowledging that artistic intuition could reveal truths about the human mind
that are inaccessible to science.
Helmholtz’s work, eclipsed at the beginning of the twentieth
century by new ideas in neurophysiology, has recently been
rediscovered by psychologists. They recognize in Helmholtz’s
methods — which were based on his belief in the intercon-
nectedness of physiology and psychology — the origins of
neuroscience.
Michel Meulders is Emeritus Professor of Neuroscience and Honorary
Prorector of the Catholic University of Louvain, where he also was
Dean of the Medical School from 1974 to 1979. Laurence Garey, a
neuroscientist and anatomist, is the translator of Michel Jouvet’s
The Paradox of Sleep (2001) and The Castle of Dreams (2008),
both published by the MIT Press.

mitpress.mit.edu Fall 2010 33


biography/science

LENIN’S LAUREATE
Zhores Alferov’s Life in Communist Science
Paul R. Josephson
The life and work of a leading
In 2000, Russian scientist Zhores Alferov shared the Nobel Prize for Physics for
Soviet physicist and an exploration
of the strengths and weaknesses his discovery of the heterojunction, a semiconductor device the practical applica-
of Soviet science from Stalin tions of which include LEDs, rapid transistors, and the microchip. The Prize
through Gorbachev. was the culmination of a career in Soviet science that spanned the eras of Stalin,
Khrushchev, and Gorbachev — and continues today in the postcommunist
October Russia of Putin and Medvedev. In Lenin’s Laureate, historian Paul Josephson
6 x 9, 296 pp. tells the story of Alferov’s life and work and examines the bureaucratic, economic,
23 illus.
and ideological obstacles to doing state-sponsored scientific research in the
$29.95T/£22.95 cloth Soviet Union.
978-0-262-01458-8
Lenin and the Bolsheviks built strong institutions for scientific research,
Transformations: Studies in the
rectifying years of neglect under the Czars. Later generations of scientists,
History of Science and Technology
including Alferov and his colleagues, reaped the benefits, achieving important
breakthroughs: the first nuclear reactor for civilian energy, an early fusion device,
and, of course, the Sputnik satellite. Josephson’s account of Alferov’s career
reveals the strengths and weaknesses of Soviet science — a schizophrenic
environment of cutting-edge research and political interference. Alferov, born
into a family of Communist loyalists, joined the party in 1967. He supported
Gorbachev’s reforms in the 1980s, but later became frustrated by the recession-
plagued postcommunist state’s failure to fund scientific research adequately.
An elected member of the Russian parliament since 1995, he uses his prestige
as a Nobel laureate to protect Russian science from further cutbacks.
Drawing on extensive archival research and the
author’s own discussions with Alferov, Lenin’s
Laureate offers a unique account of Soviet science,
presented against the backdrop of the USSR’s turbu-
lent history from the revolution through perestroika.
Paul R. Josephson, Professor of History at Colby College, is
the author of Would Trotsky Wear a Bluetooth?, Motorized
Obsession, and other books.

34 Fall 2010 mitpress.mit.edu


economics/Russian history

NO PRECEDENT, NO PLAN
Inside Russia’s 1998 Default
Martin Gilman
The definitive insider’s, account
In 1998, President Boris Yeltsin’s government defaulted on Russia’s debts and the of Russia’s painful transition to
country experienced a financial meltdown that brought its people to the brink of a market economy, as told
disaster. In No Precedent, No Plan, Martin Gilman offers an insider’s view of by the IMF’s senior man in
Moscow at the time.
Russia’s financial crisis. As the senior representative of the International
Monetary Fund in Moscow beginning in 1996, Gilman was in the eye of the
storm. Now, he tells the dramatic story of Russia’s economic evolution following October
6 x 9, 416 pp.
the collapse of the Soviet Union and analyzes the 1998 crisis and its aftermath. 7 illus.
Gilman argues that the default and collapse, although avoidable, actually spurred
$29.95T/£22.95 cloth
Russia to integrate its economy with the rest of the world’s and served as a har- 978-0-262-01465-6
binger of the recent global economic crisis. Gilman details the IMF’s involve-
ment and defends it against criticism by economist Joseph Stiglitz and others.
In the 1990s, the collapse of the Soviet Union left Russia in chaos, with
a barely functioning government and no consensus on the path toward a
democratic and economic transformation. The smooth transition to a market
economy that had been accomplished in other countries in
Eastern Europe was impossible. Gilman describes the ordeal
of the 1998 crisis and argues that the IMF helped Russia avoid
an even greater catastrophe. He recounts Russia’s emergence
from the IMF’s tutelage and explains how the shell-shocked
Russian public turned to Vladimir Putin in search of stability
after the trauma of 1998.
No Precedent, No Plan offers a definitive account — the first
from an insider’s perspective — of Russia’s painful transition to
a market economy.
Martin Gilman, with the International Monetary Fund from 1981 to
2005, was the IMF’s senior representative in Moscow during Russia’s
period of default and rebuilding. Currently Professor of Economics
at Russia’s Higher School of Economics, he lives in Moscow with his
wife, the distinguished Russian journalist Tatiana Malkina, and their
two children.

mitpress.mit.edu Fall 2010 35


Internet studies/current affairs

GOOD FAITH COLLABORATION


The Culture of Wikipedia
Joseph Michael Reagle Jr.
How Wikipedia collaboration
foreword by Lawrence Lessig
addresses the challenges
of openness, consensus, Wikipedia the encyclopedia is built by a community — a community of
and leadership. Wikipedians who are expected to “assume good faith” when interacting with
one another. In Good Faith Collaboration, Joseph Reagle examines this unique
September collaborative culture.
6 x 9, 256 pp. Wikipedia, says Reagle, is not the first effort to create a freely shared, univer-
$27.95T/£20.95 cloth sal encyclopedia; its early twentieth-century ancestors include Paul Otlet’s
978-0-262-01447-2
Universal Repository and H. G. Wells’s proposal for a World Brain. Both these
History and Foundations of projects, like Wikipedia, were fuelled by new technology — which at the time
Information Science series
included index cards and microfilm. What distinguishes Wikipedia from these
and other more recent ventures is Wikipedia’s good faith collaborative culture,
as seen not only in the writing and editing of articles but also in their discussion
pages and edit histories. Keeping an open perspective on both knowledge claims
and other contributors, Reagle argues, creates an extraordinary collaborative
potential.
Wikipedia is famously an encyclopedia “anyone can edit,” and Reagle exam-
ines Wikipedia’s openness and several challenges to it: technical features that
limit vandalism to articles; private actions to mitigate potential legal problems;
and Wikipedia’s own internal bureaucratization. He explores Wikipedia’s
process of consensus (reviewing a dispute over naming articles
on television shows) and examines the way leadership and
authority work in an open content community.
Wikipedia’s style of collaborative production has been
imitated, analyzed, and satirized. Despite the social unease
over its implications for individual autonomy, institutional
authority, and the character (and quality) of cultural products,
Wikipedia’s good faith collaborative culture has brought us
closer than ever to a realization of the century-old pursuit of
a universal encyclopedia.
Joseph Michael Reagle Jr. is an Adjunct Professor in the Department of
Media, Culture, and Communication at New York University. In Fall 2010,
he will be a Fellow at the Berkman Center for Internet and Society at
Harvard Law School.

36 Fall 2010 mitpress.mit.edu


history of computing

MAKERS OF THE MICROCHIP


A Documentary History of Fairchild Semiconductor
Christophe Lécuyer and David C. Brock
The first years of the company
foreword by Jay Last
that developed the microchip and
In the first three and a half years of its existence, Fairchild Semiconductor devel- created the model for a successful
oped, produced, and marketed the device that would become the fundamental Silicon Valley start-up.

building block of the digital world: the microchip. Founded in 1957 by eight
former employees of the Schockley Semiconductor Laboratory, Fairchild created September
the model for a successful Silicon Valley start-up: intense activity with a common 7 1/2 x 10, 368 pp.
117 illus.
goal, close collaboration, and a quick path to the market (Fairchild’s first device
$24.95T/£18.95 cloth
hit the market just ten months after the company’s founding). Fairchild
978-0-262-01424-3
Semiconductor was one of the first companies financed by venture capital,
and its success inspired the establishment of venture capital firms in the
San Francisco Bay area. These firms would finance the explosive growth of Also available
Silicon Valley over the next several decades. MAKING SILICON VALLEY
This history of the early years of Fairchild Semiconductor examines the Innovation and the Growth
of High Tech, 1930-1970
technological, business, and social dynamics behind its innovative products. The Christophe Lécuyer
centerpiece of the book is a collection of documents, reproduced in facsimile, 2007, 978-0-262-62211-0
including the company’s first prospectus; ideas, sketches, and plans for the $23.00S/£17.95 paper

company’s products; and a notebook kept by cofounder Jay Last that records
problems, schedules, and tasks discussed at weekly meetings. A historical
overview, interpretive essays, and an introduction to semiconductor technology
in the period accompany these primary documents.
Christophe Lécuyer is Principal Economic Analyst in the Office of the
President of the University of California and the author of Making
Silicon Valley: Innovation and the Growth of High Tech, 1930-1970
(MIT Press, 2005). David C. Brock is Senior Research Fellow at the
Chemical Heritage Foundation’s Center for Contemporary History and
the editor of Understanding Moore’s Law: Four Decades of Innovation.

mitpress.mit.edu Fall 2010 37


science/design

ATLAS OF SCIENCE
Visualizing What We Know
Katy Börner
Science maps that can help
us understand and navigate Cartographic maps have guided our explorations for centuries, allowing us to
the deluge of results generated navigate the world. Science maps have the potential to guide our search for
by today’s science and technology. knowledge in the same way, allowing us to visualize scientific results. Science
maps help us navigate, understand, and communicate the dynamic and changing
October structure of science and technology — help us make sense of the avalanche of
13 x 11, 288 pp. data generated by scientific research today. Atlas of Science, featuring more than
500 color illus.
thirty full-page science maps, fifty data charts, a timeline of science-mapping
$29.95T/£22.95 cloth
978-0-262-01445-8
milestones, and 500 color images, serves as a sumptuous visual index to the evo-
lution of modern science and as an introduction to “the science of science” —
EXHIBITION charting the trajectory from scientific concept to published results.
Ongoing Atlas of Science, based on the popular exhibit, “Places & Spaces: Mapping
National Science Foundation,
Washington, D.C. Science,” describes and displays successful mapping techniques. The heart of the
book is a visual feast: Claudius Ptolemy’s Cosmographia World Map from
The Institute for Research
Information and Quality Assurance, 1482; a guide to a PhD thesis that resembles a subway map; “the structure of
Bonn, Germany science” as revealed in a map of citation relationships in papers published in
Storm Hall, San Diego State College 2002; a visual periodic table; a history flow visualization of the Wikipedia article
on abortion; a globe showing the worldwide distribution of patents; a forecast of
earthquake risk; hands-on science maps for kids; and many more. Each entry
includes the story behind the map and biographies of its makers.
Not even the most brilliant minds can keep up with today’s deluge of scien-
tific results. Science maps show us the landscape of what we know.
Katy Börner is Victor H. Yngve Professor of Information
Science in the School of Library and Information Science at
Indiana University. She is curator of the “Places & Spaces:
Mapping Science” exhibit that inspired Atlas of Science.

“Science is a voyage of discovery and Katy Börner has


provided its first atlas. This excellent book offers a com-
pendium of all that is best in explaining visual maps of
our scientific knowledge.”
— Michael Batty, University College London, author
of Cities and Complexity: Understanding Cities with
Cellular Automata, Agent-Based Models, and Fractals

38 Fall 2010 mitpress.mit.edu


higher education

BECOMING MIT
Moments of Decision
edited by David Kaiser
The evolution of MIT, as
How did MIT become MIT? The Massachusetts Institute of Technology marks seen in a series of crucial
the 150th anniversary of its founding in 2011. Over the years, MIT has lived by decisions over the years.
its motto, “Mens et Manus” (“Mind and Hand”), dedicating itself to the pursuit
of knowledge and its application to real-world problems. MIT has produced September
leading scholars in fields ranging from aeronautics to economics, invented entire 7 x 9, 224 pp.
40 illus.
academic disciplines, and transformed ideas into market-ready devices. This book
examines a series of turning points, crucial decisions that helped define MIT. $24.95T/£18.95 cloth
978-0-262-11323-6
Many of these issues have relevance today: the moral implications of defense
contracts, the optimal balance between government funding and private invest- CONTRIBUTORS
ment, and the right combination of basic science, engineering, and humanistic Lotte Bailyn
Deborah Douglas
scholarship in the curriculum.
John Durant
Chapters describe the educational vision and fund-raising acumen of founder Susan Hockfield
William Barton Rogers (MIT was among the earliest recipients of land grant Nancy Hopkins
David Kaiser
funding); MIT’s relationship with Harvard — its rival, doppelgänger, and, for a
Christophe Lécuyer
brief moment, degree-conferring partner; the battle between pure science and Stuart W. Leslie
industrial sponsorship in the early twentieth century; MIT’s rapid expansion Bruce Sinclair
Merritt Roe Smith
during World War II because of defense work and military training courses; the
conflict between Cold War gadgetry and the humanities; protests over defense
contracts at the height of the Vietnam War; the uproar in the local community Also available
over the perceived riskiness of recombinant DNA research; and the measures MIND AND HAND
taken to reverse years of institutionalized discrimination against women scien- The Birth of MIT
Julius A. Stratton and
tists. Loretta H. Mannix
David Kaiser is Associate Professor in the Program in Science, Technology, and Society and 2005, 978-0-262-19524-9
a Lecturer in the Department of Physics at MIT. He is the author of Drawing Theories $60.00S/£44.95 cloth
Apart: The Dispersion of the Feynman Diagrams in Postwar Physics, and editor of Pedagogy
and the Practices of Science: Historical and Contemporary Perspectives.

mitpress.mit.edu Fall 2010 39


AFTERALL BOOKS
art

GENERAL IDEA
Imagevirus
Gregg Bordowitz
An art project that spread
AIDS consciousness like a virus, In the mid-1980s, the Canadian art group General Idea (AA Bronson, Felix
examined by an artist-activist. Partz, and Jorge Zontal) created a symbol using the acronym AIDS, arranging
the letters in a manner that resembled Robert Indiana’s famous LOVE logo. This
September launched Imagevirus, a project of paintings, sculptures, videos, posters, and exhi-
6 x 8 1/2, 112 pp. bitions that investigated the term AIDS as both word and image, using the
32 color illus.
mechanism of viral transmission. The Imagevirus spread like a virus, producing
$16.00T/£9.95 paper an image epidemic in urban spaces from Manhattan to Sydney. It was displayed
978-1-84638-065-5
as, among other things, a Spectacolor sign in Times Square, a sculpture on a
$35.00S/£19.95 cloth street in Hamburg, and a poster in the New York subway system. In this detailed
978-1-84638-064-8
study of the Imagevirus project, artist and writer Gregg Bordowitz analyzes the
One Work series work from the perspective of his own involvement with activist art initiatives in
Distributed for Afterall Books New York during the 1980s and 1990s.
Bordowitz explores the virus as idea, as tactic, and as identity. General Idea
felt compelled to make Imagevirus at a time when AIDS was emerging as a
Also available in the One Work series
global epidemic affecting gay men disproportionately; when homophobia
ANDY WARHOL
Blow Job seemed to drive U.S. AIDS policy; and when the exigencies of AIDS activism
Peter Gidal created a demand for agit-prop and direct action. General Idea adapted their
2008, 978-1-84638-041-9 methods to the new situation, using the threat of viral infection and a poetic
$16.00T/£9.95 paper
understanding of language as their model for artistic production and ideological
CHRIS MARKER struggle.
La Jetée
Janet Harbord Gregg Bordowitz is an artist, writer, and Professor of Film, Video, and New Media at the
2009, 978-1-84638-048-8 School of the Art Institute, Chicago. He is the author of The AIDS Crisis Is Ridiculous and
$16.00T/£9.95 paper Other Writings, 1986–2003 (MIT Press, 2004). Bordowitz, who has been living with AIDS
for two decades, was a member of the groundbreaking AIDS activist group ACT UP.
HANNE DARBOVEN
Cultural History 1880-1983
Dan Adler
2009, 978-1-84638-050-1
$16.00T/£9.95 paper

40 Fall 2010 mitpress.mit.edu


AFTERALL BOOKS
art/video

DARA BIRNBAUM
Technology/Transformation: Wonder Woman
T. J. Demos
A critical examination of
Opening with a prolonged salvo of fiery explosions accompanied by the warning Dara Birnbaum’s action-packed
cry of a siren, Dara Birnbaum’s video Technology/Transformation: Wonder Woman and riveting video of Wonder
(1978–79) is a concise, action-packed, and visually riveting video. During its Woman’s transformations.

seven-minute span we see, again and again, the transformation of the drab secre-
tary Diana Prince into the super-heroic Wonder Woman. By isolating and September
repeating the moment of transformation — spinning figure, arms outstretched 6 x 8 1/2, 112 pp.
32 color illus.
— Birnbaum unmasks the technology at the heart of the metamorphosis. In this
$16.00T/£9.95 paper
illustrated examination of Birnbaum’s video, T. J. Demos situates it in its histori- 978-1-84638-067-9
cal context — among other developments in postmodernist appropriation, media
$35.00S/£19.95 cloth
analysis, and feminist politics — and explores the artist’s pioneering attempts to 978-1-84638-066-2
open up the transformative abilities of video as a medium.
One Work series
Demos examines Birnbaum’s influence on such artists as Douglas Gordon,
Pierre Huyghe, Philippe Parreno, and Candice Breitz, and the turn toward Distributed for Afterall Books

“postproduction procedures” — the mobilization of existing imagery for


innovative uses. He also reveals a fascinating historical shift in the reception Also available in the One Work series
of Birnbaum’s work: a move from an emphasis on her deconstruction of mass MICHAEL SNOW
Wavelength
culture ideology to an appreciation of her creative use of consumer imagery. Elizabeth Legge
T. J. Demos is a Lecturer in the Department of History of Art, University College London, 2009, 978-1-84638-056-3
and the author of The Exiles of Marcel Duchamp (MIT Press, 2007). His essays have $16.00T/£9.95 paper
appeared in such journals as Artforum, Grey Room, October, and Texte zur Kunst.
SARAH LUCAS
Au Naturel
Amna Malik
2009, 978-1-84638-054-9
$16.00T/£9.95 paper
MARCEL DUCHAMP
Étant donnés
Julian Jason Haladyn
2010, 978-1-84638-059-4
$16.00T/£9.95 paper
RICHARD LONG
A Line Made by Walking
Dieter Roelstraete
2010, 978-1-84638-058-7
$16.00T/£9.95 paper

mitpress.mit.edu Fall 2010 41


fiction/drama/poetry

LAST SEEN ENTERING THE BILTMORE


Plays, Short Fiction, Poems 1975–2008
Gary Indiana
Previously unpublished plays
and writings by one of today’s Before publishing his celebrated first novel, Horse Crazy, in 1987, Gary Indiana
foremost satirical authors. wrote and directed twelve plays for an informal company whose performers
included the painter Bill Rice, composer Evan Lurie, the poet George-Therese
October Dickenson, writer and film actress Cookie Mueller, Warhol superstar and painter
6 x 9, 248 pp. Viva, writer Victoria Pedersen, singer/actress Sharon Niesp, photographer Allen
30 illus.
Frame, the legendary Taylor Mead, novelist Larry Mitchell, and others.
$17.95T/£13.95 paper Performed at the Mudd Club, Club 57, The Performing Garage, and Bill Rice’s
978-1-58435-090-3
E. 3rd Street studio, Indiana’s plays offered a kind of community theater for New
Native Agents series York’s underground.
Distributed for Semiotext(e) This volume presents highlights of that repertoire, including Alligator Girls
Go to College, The Roman Polanski Story, and Indiana’s script for Michel Auder’s
videofilm A Coupla White Faggots Sitting Around Talking, accompanied by
Also available from Semiotext(e)
archival performance photographs and selections from Indiana’s contemporane-
DAVID WOJNAROWICZ
A definitive History of Five or ous journals and poems. These hilarious, incisive writings and scripts evoke a
Six Years on the Lower East Side vivid and accurate portrait of writers and artists in the lower Manhattan of the
Interviews by Sylvère Lotringer 1980s — arguably America’s last avant-garde — and anticipates Indiana’s
Edited by Giancarlo Ambrosino
2006, 978-1-58435-035-4 impressive subsequent literary career.
$29.95T/£22.95 cloth Hailed by The Guardian as “one of the most important chroniclers of the modern psyche,”
BAD REPUTATION Gary Indiana is the author of a darkly satirical trilogy set in Southern California during
Performances, Essays, Interviews the late 1990s: Resentment, Depraved Indifference and Three Month Fever: The Andrew
Cunanan Story. His 2008 novel Shanghai Gesture was praised by Bookforum as “structured
Penny Arcade
delirium . . . an aesthete’s hallucinatory folktale.” He is also the author of two collections
2009, 978-1-58435-069-9
of essays, Utopia’s Debris and Let It Bleed. Indiana teaches philosophy and literature at
$19.95T/£14.95 cloth the New School in New York City.

42 Fall 2010 mitpress.mit.edu


philosophy

NEITHER SUN NOR DEATH


Peter Sloterdijk with Hans-Jürgen Heinrichs
translated by Steve Corcoran
A series of dialogues with the
We shouldn’t forget that ancient philosophy used to be a mental workout in most exciting and controversial
German philosopher writing today.
which logical forms were used like machines in a gym. . . . Philosophy today is a
super-workout for communicative energies capable of finding points of contact
throughout the entire world. November
6 x 9, 384 pp.
— from Neither Sun nor Death
$17.95T/£13.95 paper
Peter Sloterdijk first became known in this country for his late 1980s Critique of 978-1-58435-091-0

Cynical Reason, which confronted headlong the “enlightened false consciousness” Foreign Agents series
of Habermasian critical theory. Two decades later, after spending seven years in Distributed for Semiotext(e)
India studying Eastern philosophy, he is now attracting renewed interest for
his writings on politics and globalization and for his magnum opus Spheres, a
three-volume archaeology of the human attempt to dwell within spaces, from Also available from Semiotext(e)
TERROR FROM THE AIR
womb to globe: Bubbles, 1998; Globes, 1999; Foam, 2004, all forthcoming from
Peter Sloterdijk
Semiotext(e). 2009, 978-1-58435-072-9
In Neither Sun nor Death, Sloterdijk answers questions posed by German $14.95T/£11.95 paper
writer Hans-Jürgen Heinrichs, commenting on such issues as technological
mutation, development media, communication technologies, and his own
intellectual itinerary.
Iconoclastic and provocative, alternatively sparkling and
bombastic, a child of ’68 and a libertarian, Sloterdijk is the most
exciting and controversial German philosopher to appear on
the world scene since Nietzsche and Heidegger. Like Nietzsche,
Sloterdijk remains convinced that contemporary philosophers
have to think dangerously and let themselves be “kidnapped”
by contemporary “hypercomplexities”; they must forsake our
present humanist and nationalist world for a wider horizon at
once ecological and global.
Neither Sun nor Death is the best introduction available
to Sloterdijk’s philosophical theory of globalization. It reveals
a philosophe extraordinaire, encyclopedic and provocative, as
much at ease with current French Theory (Gilles Deleuze,
Paul Virilio, Gabriel Tarde) as with Heidegger and Indian
mystic Osho Rajneesh.
Peter Sloterdijk (b. 1947) is one of the best known and widely read
German intellectuals writing today. He became president of the State
Academy of Design at the Center for Art and Media in Karlsruhe in
2001, and has been cohost of a discussion program, Der Philosophische
Quartett (Philosophical Quartet), on German television since 2002.
Hans-Jürgen Heinrichs is an anthropologist, writer, and publisher;
he lives in Germany and Spain.

mitpress.mit.edu Fall 2010 43


philosophy/cultural studies

THE AGONY OF POWER


Jean Baudrillard
translated by Ames Hodges
Baudrillard’s unsettling coda: introduction by Sylvère Lotringer
previously unpublished texts
written just before the visionary History that repeats itself turns to farce. But a farce that repeats itself ends up making
theorist’s death in 2007.
a history.
— from The Agony of Power
October
4 1/2 x 7, 88 pp.
In these previously unpublished manuscripts written just before his death in
$12.95T/£9.95 paper 2007, Jean Baudrillard takes a last crack at the bewildering situation currently
978-1-58435-092-7
facing us as we exit the system of “domination” (based on alienation, revolt,
Intervention Series revolution) and enter a world of generalized “hegemony” in which everyone
Distributed for Semiotext(e) becomes both hostage and accomplice of the global market. But in the free-form
market of political and sexual liberation, as the possibility of revolution (and our
understanding of it) dissipates, Baudrillard sees the hegemonic process as only
Also available from Semiotext(e)
beginning. Once expelled, negativity returns from within ourselves as an antago-
RADICAL ALTERITY
Jean Baudrillard and Marc Guillaume nistic force — most vividly in the phenomenon of terrorism, but also as irony,
2008, 978-1-58435-049-1 mockery, and the symbolic liquidation of all human values. This is the dimension
$14.95T/£11.95 paper of hegemony marked by an unbridled circulation — of capital, goods, informa-
FATAL STRATEGIES tion, or manufactured history — that is bringing the very concept of exchange
Jean Baudrillard to an end and pushing capital beyond its limits: to the point at which it destroys
2008, 978-1-58435-061-3
$14.95T/£11.95 paper the conditions of its own existence. In the system of hegemony, the alienated, the
oppressed, and the colonized find themselves on the side of the system that holds
them hostage. In this paradoxical moment in which history has turned to farce,
domination itself may appear to have been a lesser evil.
This book gathers together two essays — “The Agony of
Power” and “From Domination to Hegemony” — and a related
interview with Baudrillard from 2005, “The Roots of Evil.”
Semiotext(e) launched Baudrillard into English back in the
early 1980s; now, as our media and information infested
“ultra-reality” finally catches up with his theory, Semiotext(e)
offers The Agony of Power, Baudrillard’s unsettling coda.
Jean Baudrillard (1929–2007) was a philosopher, sociologist, cultural
critic, and theorist of postmodernity who challenged all existing theories
of contemporary society with humor and precision. An outsider in the
French intellectual establishment, he was internationally renowned as
a twenty-first century visionary, reporter, and provocateur.

44 Fall 2010 mitpress.mit.edu


cultural studies

THE MACHINIC UNCONSCIOUS


Essays in Schizoanalysis
Félix Guattari
An early work that lays the
translated by Taylor Adkins
foundation for establishing
a “polemical” dimension
We certainly have the unconscious that we deserve, an unconscious for specialists,
to psychoanalysis.
ready-made for an institutionalized discourse. I would rather see it as something that
wraps itself around us in everyday objects, something that is involved with day-to-day
September
problems, with the world outside. It would be the possible itself, open to the socius, to
6 x 9, 328 pp.
the cosmos . . .
$17.95T/£13.95 paper
— from The Machinic Unconscious 978-1-58435-088-0
Foreign Agents series
In his seminal solo-authored work The Machinic Unconscious (originally published
in French in 1979), Félix Guattari lays the groundwork for a general pragmatics Distributed for Semiotext(e)
capable of resisting the semiotic enslavement of subjectivity. Concluding that
psychoanalytic theory had become part and parcel of a repressive, capitalist Also available from Semiotext(e)
social order, Guattari here outlines a schizoanalytic theory to undo its capitalist THE ANTI-OEDIPUS PAPERS
structure and set the discipline back on its feet. Combining theoretical research Félix Guattari
2006, 978-1-58435-031-6
from fields as diverse as cybernetics, semiotics, ethnology, and ethology, Guattari $17.95T/£13.95 paper
reintroduces into psychoanalysis a “polemical” dimension, at once transhuman,
CHAOSOPHY
transsexual, and transcosmic, that brings out the social and political — the Texts and Interviews 1972–1977
“machinic” — potential of the unconscious. Félix Guattari
To illustrate his theory, Guattari turns to literature and analyzes the various 2008, 978-1-58435-060-6
$17.95T/£13.95 paper
modes of subjectivization and semiotization at work in Proust’s In Search of Lost
SOFT SUBVERSIONS
Time, examining the novel as if he were undertaking a scientific exploration in Texts and Interviews 1977–1985
the style of Freud or Newton. Casting Proust’s figures as abstract (“hyper-deter- Félix Guattari
ritorialized”) mental objects, Guattari maps the separation between literature 2009, 978-1-58435-073-6
$17.95T/£13.95 paper
and science, elaborating along the way
such major Deleuze-Guattarian con-
cepts as “faciality” and “refrain,” which
would be unpacked in their subse-
quent A Thousand Plateaus: Capitalism
and Schizophrenia.
Never before available in English,
The Machinic Unconscious has for too
long been the missing chapter from
Deleuze and Guattari’s Anti-Oedipus
project: the most important political
extension of May 1968 and one of the
most important philosophical contri-
butions of the twentieth century.
Félix Guattari (1930-1992), post-’68
French psychoanalyst and philosopher,
is the author of Anti-Oedipus (with
Gilles Deleuze), and a number of books
published by Semiotext(e), including
The Anti-Oedipus Papers (2006) and
Chaosophy (new edition, 2008).

mitpress.mit.edu Fall 2010 45


anthropology

NEW EDITION
ARCHEOLOGY OF VIOLENCE
Pierre Clastres
Clastres’s final, posthumous book
introduction by Eduardo Viveiros de Castro
on the affirmative role of violence
in “primitive societies.” translated by Jeanine Herman
The war machine is the motor of the social machine; the primitive social being relies
September entirely on war, primitive society cannot survive without war. The more war there is,
6 x 9, 240 pp.
the less unification there is, and the best enemy of the State is war. Primitive society is
$15.95T/£11.95 paper society against the State in that it is society-for-war.
978-1-58435-093-4
— from The Archeology of Violence
Foreign Agents series
Distributed for Semiotext(e) Anthropologist and ethnographer Pierre Clastres was a major influence on Gilles
Deleuze and Félix Guattari’s Anti-Oedipus, and his writings formed an essential
chapter in the discipline of political anthropology. The posthumous publication
Also available from Zone Books in French of Archeology of Violence in 1980 gathered together Clastres’s final
SOCIETY AGAINST THE STATE
groundbreaking essays and the opening chapters of the book he had begun
Essays in Political Anthropology
Pierre Clastres before his death in 1977 at the age of 43. Elaborating upon the conclusions of
translated by Robert Hurley such earlier works as Society Against the State, in these essays Clastres critiques his
and Abe Stein
former mentor, Claude Lévi-Strauss, and devastatingly rejects the orthodoxy of
1989, 978-0-942299-01-4
$19.95T/£14.95 paper Marxist anthropology and other Western interpretive models of “primitive soci-
CHRONICLE OF THE
eties.” Discarding the traditional anthropological understanding of war among
GUAYAKI INDIANS South American Indians as arising from a scarcity of resources, Clastres instead
Pierre Clastres identifies violence among these peoples as a deliberate means to territorial seg-
translated by Paul Auster
2000, 978-0-942299-78-6
mentation and the avoidance of a State formation. In their refusal to separate
$19.95T/£14.95 paper the political from the social, and in their careful control of their tribal chiefs —
Not for sale in the U.K. and who are rendered weak so as to remain dependent on the communities they
British Commomwealth
except Canada
represent — the “savages” Clastres
presents prove to be shrewd political
minds who resist in advance any
attempt at “globalization.”
The essays in this, Clastres’s final
book, cover subjects ranging from
ethnocide and shamanism to “primitive”
power and economy, and are as vibrant
and engaging as they were thirty years
ago. This new edition — which includes
an introduction by Eduardo Viverios de
Castro — holds even more relevance for
readers in today’s era of malaise and
globalization.
Pierre Clastres (1934–1977) was a French
anthropologist and ethnologist who, in
the wake of the events of May ‘68, helped
overturn anthropological orthodoxy in the
1970s. His books include Society Against
the State (1974) and Chronicle of the Guayaki
Indians (1972). Eduardo Viveiros de Castro
is a Brazilian anthropologist and a professor
at the National Museum of the Federal
University of Rio de Janeiro.

46 Fall 2010 mitpress.mit.edu


fiction

DIARY OF AN INNOCENT
Tony Duvert
translated with an introduction by Bruce Benderson
Now in English, Duvert’s shocking
I’d find it amusing if, in a few centuries, the only thing that our descendents condescend novel about a sexual adventurer
among a tribe of adolescent boys
to retain of our artistic production, the only thing in which they’ll see worlds to admire,
in Northern Africa.
to penetrate, the only thing that they’ll show off as precious in immense museums after
having flushed down the toilet all our acknowledged masterpieces, the only thing that
will give them nostalgia and love for us will be our porn. September
6 x 9, 256 pp.
— from Diary of an Innocent
$17.95T/£13.95 paper
978-1-58435-077-4
Exiled from the prestigious French literary circles that had adored him in the
1970s, novelist Tony Duvert’s life ended in anonymity. In 2008, nineteen years Native Agents series

after his last book was published, Duvert’s lifeless body was discovered in the Distributed for Semiotext(e)
small village of Thoré-la-Rochette, where he had been living a life of total
seclusion.
Also available from Semiotext(e)
Now for the first time, Duvert’s most highly crafted novel is available in
GOOD SEX ILLUSTRATED
English. Poetic, brutally frank, and outright shocking, Diary of an Innocent Tony Duvert
recounts the risky experiences of a sexual adventurer among a tribe of adolescent translated by Bruce Benderson
boys in an imaginary setting that suggests North Africa. More reverie than nar- 2007, 978-1-58435-043-9
$14.95T/£11.95 paper
rative, Duvert’s Diary presents a cascading series of portraits of the narrator’s
PACIFIC AGONY
adolescent sexual partners and their culture, and ends with a fanciful yet
Bruce Benderson
rigorous construction of a reverse world in which marginal sexualities have 2009, 978-1-58435-082-8
become the norm. $14.95T/£11.95 paper
Written with gusto and infused with a luminous bitterness,
this novel is more unsettling to readers today than it was to its
first audience when published in French in 1976. In his openly
declared war on society, Duvert presents a worldview that
offers no easy moral code and no false narrative solution of
redemption. And yet no reader will remain untouched by the
book’s dazzling language, stinging wit, devotion to matters of
the heart, and terse condemnation of today’s society.
Tony Duvert (1945–2008) is the author of fourteen books of fiction and
nonfiction. His fifth novel, Paysage de fantaisie (Strange Landscape),
won the prestigious Prix Médicis in 1973. Other books translated
into English include the novel When Jonathan Died, and the scathing
critique of sex and society Good Sex Illustrated (Semiotext(e), 2007).
Novelist, translator, and essayist Bruce Benderson is the author of
a memoir, The Romanian: Story of an Obsession, winner of France’s
prestigious Prix de Flore in French translation, and Pacific Agony
(Semiotext(e), 2009).

“ Diary of an Innocent by Tony Duvert is a truly scandalous work,


but first and foremost a work of great depth and freedom. . . . A book
that reinvents the seduction of literature.”
— Abdellah Taïa, author of Salvation Army

mitpress.mit.edu Fall 2010 47


ZONE BOOKS

politics/current affairs

WALLED STATES, WANING SOVEREIGNTY


Wendy Brown
Why do nation-states wall
Why do walls marking national boundaries proliferate amid widespread procla-
themselves off despite mations of global connectedness and despite anticipation of a world without
widespread proclamations borders? Why are barricades built of concrete, steel, and barbed wire when
of global connectedness? threats to the nation today are so often miniaturized, vaporous, clandestine,
dispersed, or networked?
October In Walled States, Waning Sovereignty, Wendy Brown considers the recent spate
6 x 9, 168 pp. of wall building in contrast to the erosion of nation-state sovereignty. Drawing
7 illus.
on classical and contemporary political theories of state sovereignty in order
$25.95T/£19.95 cloth
to understand how state power and national identity persist amid its decline,
978-1-935408-08-6
Brown considers both the need of the state for legitimacy and the popular
Distributed for Zone Books
desires that incite the contemporary building of walls. The new walls — divid-
ing Texas from Mexico, Israel from Palestine, South Africa from Zimbabwe —
consecrate the broken boundaries they would seem to contest and signify the
ungovernability of a range of forces unleashed by globalization. Yet these same
walls often amount to little more than theatrical props, frequently breached, and
blur the distinction between law and lawlessness that they are intended to repre-
sent. But if today’s walls fail to resolve the conflicts between globalization and
national identity, they nonetheless project a stark image of sovereign power.
Walls, Brown argues, address human desires for containment and protection
in a world increasingly without these provisions. Walls respond to the wish
for horizons even as horizons are vanquished.
Wendy Brown is Emanuel Heller Professor of Political Science at the
University of California, Berkeley. She is the author of Regulating
Aversion: Tolerance in the Age of Identity and Empire and other books.

48 Fall 2010 mitpress.mit.edu


ZONE BOOKS

philosophy/cultural studies

REASON AND RESONANCE


A History of Modern Aurality
Veit Erlmann
How the ear came to play
Hearing has traditionally been regarded as the second sense — as somehow a central role in modern
less rational and less modern than the first sense, sight. Reason and Resonance culture and rationality.
explodes this myth by reconstructing the process through which the ear came
to play a central role in modern culture and rationality. October
For the past four hundred years, hearing has been understood as involving 6 x 9, 416 pp.
23 illus.
the sympathetic resonance between the vibrating air and various parts of the
inner ear. But the emergence of resonance as the centerpiece of modern aurality $32.95T/£24.95 cloth
978-1-935408-04-8
also coincides with the triumph of a new type of epistemology in which the
absence of resonance is the very condition of thought. Our mind’s relationship Distributed for Zone Books
to the world is said to rest on distance or, as the very synonym for reason sug-
gests, reflection.
Reason and Resonance traces the genealogy of this “intimate animosity”
between reason and resonance through a series of interrelated case studies
involving a varied cast of otologists, philosophers, physiologists, pamphleteers,
and music theorists. Among them are the seventeenth-century architect-zoolo-
gist Claude Perrault, who refuted Cartesianism in a book on sound and hearing;
the Sturm und Drang poet Wilhelm Heinse and his friend the anatomist
Samuel Sömmerring, who believed the ventricular fluid to
be the interface between the soul and the auditory nerve; the
renowned physiologist Johannes Müller, who invented the con-
cept of “sense energies”; and Müller’s most important student,
Hermann von Helmholtz, author of the magisterial Sensations
of Tone. Erlman also discusses key twentieth-century thinkers of
aurality, including Ernst Mach; the communications engineer
and proponent of the first nonresonant wave theory of hearing,
Georg von Békésy; political activist and philosopher Günther
Anders; and Martin Heidegger.
Veit Erlmann holds the Endowed Chair of Music History at the University
of Texas at Austin’s Butler School of Music.

mitpress.mit.edu Fall 2010 49


ZONE BOOKS

current affairs/information science

ACCESS TO KNOWLEDGE IN THE AGE


OF INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY
edited by Gaëlle Krikorian and Amy Kapczynski
A movement emerges to challenge
the tightening of intellectual At the end of the twentieth century, intellectual property rights collided with
property law around the world. everyday life. Expansive copyright laws and digital rights management technolo-
gies sought to shut down new forms of copying and remixing made possible by
November the Internet. International laws expanding patent rights threatened the lives of
6 x 9, 640 pp. millions of people around the world living with HIV/AIDS by limiting their
61 illus.
access to cheap generic medicines. For decades, governments have tightened the
$24.95T/£18.95 paper grip of intellectual property law at the bidding of information industries; but
978-1-890951-96-2
recently, groups have emerged around the world to challenge this wave of enclo-
Distributed for Zone Books sure with a new counter-politics of “access to knowledge” or “A2K.” They include
CONTRIBUTORS software programmers who took to the streets to defeat software patents in
Ahmed Abdelatif, Philippe Aigrain, Europe, AIDS activists who forced multinational pharmaceutical companies to
Jeffrey Atteberry, Yochai Benkler, permit copies of their medicines to be sold in poor countries, subsistence farmers
Yann Moulier Boutaing, Carlos Correa,
Laura DeNardis, Sarah Deutsch,
defending their rights to food security or access to agricultural biotechnology,
Peter Drahos, Hala Essalmawi, and college students who created a new “free culture” movement to defend the
Rick Falkvinge, Sean Flynn, digital commons. Access to Knowledge in the Age of Intellectual Property maps this
Vera Franz, Spring Gombe,
Anil Gupta, Ellen ’t Hoen,
emerging field of activism as a series of historical moments, strategies, and con-
Charles Igwe, Eddan Katz, cepts. It gathers some of the most important thinkers and advocates in the field
Kannikar Kijtiwatchakul, to make the stakes and strategies at play in this new domain visible and the terms
Gaëlle Krikorian, Lawrence Liang,
Jiraporn Limpananont, James Love,
of intellectual property law intelligible in their political implications around the
Leena Menghaney, Viviana Munoz, world. A Creative Commons edition of this work will be freely available online.
Sisule F. Musungu, HeeSeob Nam,
Chan Park, Eloan Pinheiro dos Santos, Gaëlle Krikorian is a doctoral student at the École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales
Achal Prabhala, Onno Purbo, in Paris and a member of the consultative board AC27 at the national research agency
on HIV/AIDS and Hepatitis (ANRS). Amy Kapczynski is Assistant Professor of Law at the
Manon Ress, Caroline Rossini,
University of California, Berkeley, Law School. She cofounded Universities Allied for
Susan Sell, Sangeeta Shashikant,
Essential Medicines in 2002.
Roberto Verzola, Jo Walsh

50 Fall 2010 mitpress.mit.edu


ZONE BOOKS/NOW IN PAPER
history of science/philosophy

OBJECTIVITY
Lorraine Daston and Peter Galison
Objectivity has a history, and it is full of surprises. In Objectivity, Lorraine Daston The emergence of objectivity in
and Peter Galison chart the emergence of objectivity in the mid-nineteenth- the mid-nineteenth-century
century sciences — and show how the concept differs from its alternatives, sciences, as revealed through
truth-to-nature and trained judgment. It is a story of lofty epistemic ideals fused images in scientific atlases.

with workaday practices in the making of scientific images.


Galison and Daston use images from scientific atlases — the compendia that October
teach practitioners what is worth looking at and how to look at it — to uncover 6 x 9, 504 pp.
32 color illus., 108 black & white illus.
a hidden history of scientific objectivity and its rivals. Whether an atlas maker
$28.95T/£21.95 paper
idealizes an image to capture the essentials in the name of truth-to-nature, or
978-1-890951-79-5
refuses to erase even the most incidental detail in the name of objectivity, or
highlights patterns in the name of trained judgment, it is a decision enforced by cloth 2007
an ethos as well as by an epistemology. 978-1-890951-78-8
As Daston and Galison argue, atlases shape the subjects as well as the objects Distributed for Zone Books
of science. To pursue objectivity — or truth-to-nature or trained judgment — is
to cultivate a distinctive scientific self and to see not as a separate individual but
as a member of a particular scientific community. Embedded in the atlas image, Also available from Zone Books
therefore, are the traces of consequential choices about knowledge, persona, and WONDERS AND THE ORDER OF
NATURE, 1150-1750
collective sight. Objectivity is a book addressed to anyone interested in the elu- Lorraine Daston
sive and crucial notion of objectivity — and in what it means to peer into the 2001, 978-0-942299-91-5
world scientifically. $29.95T/£22.95 paper

Lorraine Daston is Director at the Max Planck Institute for the History
of Science in Berlin, Germany. She is the coauthor of Wonders and the
Order of Nature, 1150-1750 (1998) and the editor of Things That Talk:
Object Lessons from Art and Science (2004), both Zone Books. Peter
Galison is Pellegrino University Professor of the History of Science and
of Physics at Harvard University. He is the author of Einstein’s Clocks,
Poincaré’s Maps: Empires of Time, among other books, and coeditor
(with Emily Thompson) of The Architecture of Science (MIT Press, 1999).

“The authors’ argument here is complicated but fascinating (and,


because the argument is about images, the book is beautiful).”
— Science
“Objectivity by Lorraine Daston and Peter Galison is not just a
fine book, it is that rare thing, a great book. It is almost shockingly
original, genuinely profound, and amazingly learned without ever
being pedantic. It should force everyone interested in science and its
history or in objectivity and its history to think more deeply about
what they think they already know.”
— Hilary Putnam, author of Ethics without Ontology

mitpress.mit.edu Fall 2010 51


NOW IN PAPER
economics/parenting cognitive science/business

PARENTONOMICS HONEST SIGNALS


An Economist Dad How They Shape Our World
Looks at Parenting Alex (Sandy) Pentland
Joshua Gans
How can you know when someone is bluffing? Paying
Like any new parent, Joshua attention? Genuinely interested? The answer, writes
Gans felt joy mixed with anxiety Sandy Pentland in Honest Signals, is that subtle patterns
upon the birth of his first child. in how we interact with other people reveal our attitudes
Who was this blanket-swaddled toward them. These unconscious social signals are not
small person and what did she just a back channel or a complement to our conscious
want? Unlike most parents, how- language; they form a separate communication network.
ever, Gans is an economist, and he began to apply the Biologically based “honest signal-
tools of his trade to raising his children. He saw his ing,” evolved from ancient primate
new life as one big economic management problem — signaling mechanisms, offers
and if economics helped him think about parenting, an unmatched window into
parenting illuminated certain economic principles. our intentions, goals, and values.
Parentonomics is the entertaining, enlightening, and If we understand this ancient
often hilarious fruit of his “research.” channel of communication,
Gans gives us the parentonomic view of delivery Pentland claims, we can accu-
(if the mother shares her pain by yelling at the father, rately predict the outcomes
doesn’t it really create more aggregate pain?), sleep (the of situations ranging from job
screams of a baby are like an offer: “I’ll stop screaming interviews to first dates.
if you give me attention”), food (a question of market- Pentland, an MIT professor, has used a specially
ing), travel (“the best thing you can say about traveling designed digital sensor worn like an ID badge — a
with children is that they are worse than baggage”), “sociometer” — to monitor and analyze the back-and-
punishment (and threat credibility), birthday party forth patterns of signaling among groups of people.
time management, and more. He and his researchers found that this second channel
Joshua Gans is the father of three and Chair of Management of communication, revolving not around words but
at the Melbourne Business School, University of Melbourne. around social relations, profoundly influences major
He is the author of several economics textbooks and the
2007 recipient of Australia’s Young Economist award. decisions in our lives — even though we are largely
unaware of it. Pentland shows how by “reading” our
“Dr. Spock meets Freakonomics. Parenting will never be social networks we can become more successful at
the same.” pitching an idea, getting a job, or closing a deal —
— Barry Nalebuff, Milton Steinbach Professor at better managers, workers, and communicators.
Yale School of Management, coauthor of Co-Opetition
Professor Alex (Sandy) Pentland, is a leading figure at the MIT
Media Lab and is a pioneer in the fields of organizational
“What happens when Mr. Spock meets Dr. Spock? The engineering, mobile information systems, and computational
answer is Parentonomics, an autobiographical account of social science.
how an economist used his professional training in game
theory to bring up his three children.” “A slender hardback book is sitting innocuously in a pool of
— Tim Hartford, Financial Times sunlight on my desk. . . . You might not expect it to carry
the seeds of social revolution — but I strongly suspect that
October — 5 3/8 x 8, 256 pp. it does.”
$11.95T/£8.95 paper — John Gilbey, “The Book of the Week,”
978-0-262-51497-2 Times Higher Education Supplement

cloth 2009 October — 5 3/8 x 8, 208 pp.


978-0-262-01278-2
$11.95T/£8.95 paper
Not for sale in Australia 978-0-262-51512-2

cloth 2008
978-0-262-16256-2

52 Fall 2010 mitpress.mit.edu


NOW IN PAPER
technology/mobile communication science/environment

NEW TECH, NEW TIES CO2 RISING


How Mobile Communication The World’s Greatest
Is Reshaping Social Cohesion Environmental Challenge
Rich Ling Tyler Volk
The message of this book is simple: the mobile phone The most colossal environmental
strengthens social bonds among family and friends. disturbance in human history is
With a traditional land-line telephone, we place calls to under way. Ever-rising levels of
a location and ask hopefully if someone is “there”; with the potent greenhouse gas carbon
a mobile phone, we have instant and perpetual access dioxide (CO2) are altering the
to friends and family regardless of where they are. cycles of matter and life and
But when we are engaged in interfering with the Earth’s natural cooling process.
these intimate conversations with Melting Arctic ice and mountain glaciers are just the
absent friends, what happens to first relatively mild symptoms of what will result from
our relationship with the people this disruption of the planetary energy balance. In CO2
who are actually in the same Rising, scientist Tyler Volk explains the process at the
room with us? heart of global warming and climate change: the global
In New Tech, New Ties, carbon cycle. Vividly and concisely, Volk describes what
Rich Ling examines how the happens when CO2 is released by the combustion of
mobile telephone affects both fossil fuels (coal, oil, and natural gas), letting loose
kinds of interactions — those carbon atoms once trapped deep underground into
mediated by mobile communica- the interwoven web of air, water, and soil.
tion and those that are face to face. Ling finds that Knowledge about the global carbon cycle and the
through the use of various social rituals the mobile huge disturbances that human activity produces in it
telephone strengthens social ties within the circle of will equip us to consider the hard questions that Volk
friends and family — sometimes at the expense of raises in the second half of CO2 Rising about future
interaction with those who are physically present. levels of CO2, future energy sources, and global equity
Rich Ling holds the position of sociologist at the Norwegian in per capita emissions. Answering these questions
telecommunications company Telenor and is Professor at the will indeed be our greatest environmental challenge.
IT University of Copenhagen. He is the author of The Mobile
Connection: The Cell Phone’s Impact on Society. Tyler Volk is Science Director of Environmental Studies and
Associate Professor of Biology at New York University. He is
2009 winner, Erving Goffman Award for Outstanding Scholarship the author of Gaia’s Body: Toward a Physiology of the Earth
in the Ecology of Social Interaction, given by the Media Ecology (MIT Press, 2003), Metapatterns: Across Space, Time, and
Association Mind, and other books.

“Anyone who wants to know how our use of mobile phones “If there is one book on climate change that President
is changing our social lives should read this book.” Barack Obama should read, it might well be Tyler Volk’s
— Howard Rheingold, author of Tools for Thought, CO2 Rising.”
The Virtual Community, and Smart Mob — Euan Nisbet, Nature Reports Climate Change

“Rich Ling examines the social effects of the mobile telephone


and ends up finding more to praise than to blame.” October — 5 3/8 x 8, 240 pp. — 39 illus.
— Christine Rosen, The Wall Street Journal $11.95T/£8.95 paper
978-0-262-51521-4
October — 6 x 9, 240 pp. — 1 illus.
$13.95T/£10.95 paper cloth 2008
978-0-262-51504-7 978-0-262-22083-5

cloth 2008
978-0-262-12297-9

mitpress.mit.edu Fall 2010 53


NOW IN PAPER
environment/political science urban design/landscape architecture/environment

THE SHADOWS OF DESIGN FOR ECOLOGICAL


CONSUMPTION DEMOCRACY
Consequences for the Randolph T. Hester
Global Environment
Over the last fifty years, the process of community
Peter Dauvergne building has been lost in the process of city building.
The Shadows of Consumption City and suburban design divides us from others in
gives a hard-hitting diagnosis: our communities, destroys natural habitats, and fails
many of the earth’s ecosystems to provide a joyful context for our lives. In Design for
and billions of its people are at Ecological Democracy, Randolph Hester proposes a rem-
risk from the consequences of edy for our urban anomie. He outlines new principles
rising consumption. Products ranging from cars to for urban design that will allow
hamburgers offer conveniences and pleasures; but, as us to forge connections with our
Peter Dauvergne makes clear, global political and eco- fellow citizens and our natural
nomic processes displace the real costs of consumer environment. He demonstrates
goods into distant ecosystems, communities, and time- these principles with abundantly
lines, tipping into crisis people and places without the illustrated examples — drawn
power to resist. from forty years of design and
Dauvergne’s innovative analysis allows us to see planning practice — showing
why so many efforts to manage the global environment how we can design cities that are ecologically resilient,
are failing even as environmentalism is slowly strength- that enhance community, and that give us pleasure.
ening. He proposes a guiding principle of “balanced
Randolph T. Hester is Professor and former Department
consumption” for both consumers and corporations. Chair in the Department of Landscape Architecture and
More crucial than our individual efforts to reuse and Environmental Planning at the University of California,
Berkeley, and Principal in the firm Community Development
recycle will be reforms in the global political economy by Design. He is the author of Neighborhood Space, Planning
to reduce the inequalities of consumption and correct Neighborhood Space with People, and Community Design Primer.
the imbalance between growing economies and
Winner, 2007 Davidoff Award, presented by the Association of
environmental sustainability. Collegiate Schools of Planning
Peter Dauvergne is Professor of Political Science and Canada Winner, 2006 PROSE Award in Architecture and Urban Planning,
Research Chair in Global Environmental Politics at the University presented by the Association of American Publishing/Professional
of British Columbia. He is the author of the award-winning Scholarly Publishing
Shadows in the Forest: Japan and the Politics of Timber in
Southeast Asia (MIT Press, 1997), and the coauthor (with
Jennifer Clapp) of Paths to a Green World: The Political “Randy Hester’s profusely illustrated book is the fruitful
Economy of the Global Environment (MIT Press, 2005). outcome of his life’s work in community design. Design for
Co-winner, 2009 Gerald L. Young Book Award in Human Ecology,
Ecological Democracy shows us how to adapt human
given by the Society for Human Ecology settlements so that people can get back in touch with the
sources of natural creation.”
“Engaging, convincing, and nuanced, Peter Dauvergne’s — Bill Thompson, Editor,
book masterfully excavates and politicizes the shadows of Landscape Architecture Magazine
consumption that modern life casts, from the consumption
of beef to the use of cars and fridges.” “This wise, passionate, and inspiring book, full of success
— Peter Newell, Professor of Development Studies, stories, is required reading for all who would build commu-
University of East Anglia nities that are more beautiful, sustainable, and just.”
— Anne Whiston Spirn, Professor of Landscape
October — 6 x 9, 336 pp. Architecture and Planning, MIT, and author of
$12.95T/£9.95 paper The Language of Landscape and The Granite Garden
978-0-262-51492-7
October — 8 x 9, 528 pp. — 170 color illus., 413 black & white illus.
cloth 2008 $21.95T/£16.95 paper
978-0-262-04246-8 978-0-262-51500-9

cloth 2006
978-0-262-08351-5
54 Fall 2010 mitpress.mit.edu
NOW IN PAPER
higher education/technology technology/media

OPENING UP FROM BETAMAX TO BLOCKBUSTER


EDUCATION Video Stores and the Invention
The Collective Advancement of Movies on Video
of Education through Open Joshua M. Greenberg
Technology, Open Content, The first video cassette recorders were promoted in the
and Open Knowledge
1970s as an extension of broadcast television technol-
edited by Toru Iiyoshi and
ogy — a time-shifting device, a way to tape TV shows.
M. S. Vijay Kumar
foreword by John Seely Brown Early advertising for Sony’s Betamax told potential
purchasers “You don’t have to miss Kojak because you’re
Given the abundance of open watching Columbo.” But within a few years, the VCR
education initiatives that aim to make educational assets had been transformed from a
freely available online, the time seems ripe to explore the machine that recorded television
potential of open education to transform the economics into an extension of the movie
and ecology of education. Despite the diversity of tools theater into the home.
and resources already available — from well-packaged In From Betamax to Blockbuster,
course materials to simple games for students, self-learn- Joshua Greenberg explains how
ers, faculty, and educational institutions — we have yet the combination of neighborhood
to take full advantage of shared knowledge about how video stores and the VCR created
these are being used, what local innovations are emerg- a world in which movies became
ing, and how to learn from and build on the experiences tangible consumer goods.
of others. In essays by leaders in open education, Opening Greenberg charts a trajectory
Up Education argues that we must develop not only the from early “videophile” communities to the rise of the
technical capability but also the intellectual capacity for video store — complete with theater marquee lights,
transforming tacit pedagogical knowledge into com- movie posters, popcorn, and clerks who offered expert
monly usable and visible knowledge: by providing advice on which movies to rent. The result was more
incentives for faculty to use (and contribute to) open than a new industry; by placing movies on cassette in
education goods, and by looking beyond institutional the hands (and control) of consumers, video rental and
boundaries to connect a variety of settings and open sale led to a renegotiation of the boundary between
source entrepreneurs. medium and message, and ultimately a new relationship
Through the support of the Carnegie Foundation between audiences and movies.
for the Advancement of Teaching, an electronic version
Joshua M. Greenberg is Director of Digital Strategy and
of this book is openly available under a Creative Scholarship at the New York Public Library.
Commons license at the MIT Press Web site,
http://mitpress.mit.edu. “Greenberg effectively recreates the excitement that was in
Toru Iiyoshi is Senior Scholar and Director of the Knowledge
the air at the dawn of the video age.”
Media Lab at the Carnegie Foundation. M. S. Vijay Kumar is — David Siegfried, Booklist
Senior Associate Dean and Director of the Office of Educational
Innovation and Technology at MIT. “Josh Greenberg has given us a new way of viewing what
we thought was a familiar story. . . . The VCR permanently
“This book is probably the most comprehensive collection of altered the American mediascape and Greenberg shows us
writings to date on the open education movement.” why and how.”
— C. Judson King, Director, Center for Studies in — Siva Vaidhyanathan, author of
Higher Education, University of California, Berkeley Copyrights and Copywrongs
October — 6 x 9, 504 pp. — 14 illus.
October — 6 x 9, 232 pp. — 22 illus.
$12.95T/£9.95 paper
$13.95T/£10.95 paper
978-0-262-51501-6
978-0-262-51499-6

cloth 2008
cloth 2008
978-0-262-03371-8
978-0-262-07290-8
Inside Technology series

mitpress.mit.edu Fall 2010 55


NOW IN PAPER
film/philosophy art

CINEMATIC THE ARTWORK CAUGHT BY THE TAIL


MYTHMAKING Francis Picabia and Dada in Paris
Philosophy in Film George Baker
Irving Singer The artist Francis Picabia — notorious dandy, bon
Film is the supreme medium vivant, painter, poet, filmmaker, and polemicist — has
for mythmaking. The gods and emerged as the Dadaist with postmodern appeal, and
heroes of mythology are both one of the most enigmatic forces behind the enigma
larger than life and deeply that was Dada. In this first book in English to focus
human; they teach us about the on Picabia’s work in Paris during the Dada years, art
world, and they tell us a good historian and critic George Baker reimagines Dada
story. Similarly, our experience of film is both distant through Picabia’s eyes.
and intimate. In Cinematic Mythmaking, Irving Singer The book tells the story of
explores the hidden and overt use of myth in various a set of newly transformed
films and, in general, the philosophical elements of a artistic practices, claiming them
film’s meaning. Mythological themes, Singer writes, for art history — and naming
perform a crucial role in cinematic art and even philos- them — for the first time: Dada
ophy itself. Drawing, Dada Painting, Dada
Singer incisively disentangles the strands of differ- Photography, Dada Abstraction,
ent myths in the films he discusses. He finds, for Dada Cinema, Dada Montage.
example, that Eliza Doolittle in the filmed versions Along the way, Baker describes a series of nearly for-
of Shaw’s Pygmalion is not just a statue brought to gotten objects and events, from the almost lunatic
life but instead a heroic woman who must survive her range of the Paris Dada “manifestations” to Picabia’s
own dark night of the soul. The aesthetic and probing polemical writings; from a lost work by Picabia in the
inventiveness in film, Singer shows us, restores and form of a hole (called, suggestively, The Young Girl) to
revives for audiences in the twenty-first century myths his “painting” Cacodylic Eye, covered in autographs by
of creation, of the questing hero, and of ideals — both luminaries ranging from Ezra Pound to Fatty Arbuckle.
secular and religious — that have had enormous signif- Art history has never looked like this before. But
icance throughout the human search for love and then again, Dada has never looked like art history.
meaning in life. George Baker is Assistant Professor of Art History at the
University of California, Los Angeles, and an editor at October
Irving Singer is Professor of Philosophy at MIT. He is the
magazine and October Books. He is the editor of James Coleman
author of the trilogies The Nature of Love and Meaning in Life
(MIT Press, 2002) and a frequent contributor to Artforum.
as well as Reality Transformed: Film as Meaning and Technique
(2000); Three Philosophical Filmmakers: Hitchcock, Welles,
Renoir (2004); Ingmar Bergman, Cinematic Philosopher “Original and often illuminating.”
(2007), all published by the MIT Press. — Barry Schwabsky, The Nation
“Singer has a great teacher’s gift for making fresh, unex- “George Baker’s gripping study of Francis Picabia offers a
pected links among some of the best-known works of cine- model of Dada that goes well beyond the usual pieties
matic art. A joy to read.” regarding its anti-art stance. Baker attends to Picabia’s
— Edward Baron Turk, author of Child of Paradise: productive innovation in the Paris Dada moment, showing
Marcel Carné and the Golden Age of French Cinema that it was through form that Picabia remade modernism
from the medium up.”
October — 6 x 9, 256 pp. — David Joselit, Yale University
$12.95T/£9.95 paper
978-0-262-51515-3 October — 7 x 9, 496 pp. — 122 illus.
$19.95T/£14.95 paper
cloth 2008 978-0-262-51486-6
978-0-262-19589-8
The Irving Singer Library cloth 2007
978-0-262-02618-5
An October Book

56 Fall 2010 mitpress.mit.edu


NOW IN PAPER
art/African-American studies art history/cultural studies

HOW TO SEE A MEXICAN MODERNITY


WORK OF ART IN The Avant-Garde and the
TOTAL DARKNESS Technological Revolution
Darby English Rubén Gallo
Work by black artists today is In Mexican Modernity, Rubén Gallo tells the story of
almost uniformly understood in a second Mexican Revolution, a battle fought on the
terms of its “blackness,” with front of cultural representation. The new revolutionaries
audiences often expecting or were not rebels or outlaws but artists and writers; their
requiring it to “represent” the weapons were cameras, typewriters, radios, and other
race. In How to See a Work of Art technological artifacts, and their goal was not to topple
in Total Darkness, Darby English shows how severely a dictator but to dethrone nine-
such expectations limit the scope of our knowledge teenth-century aesthetics.
about this work and how different it looks when Gallo traces the ways artists
approached on its own terms. Refusing to grant racial and writers, armed with these
blackness — his metaphorical “total darkness” — artifacts, revolutionized represen-
primacy over his subjects’ other concerns and contexts, tation by breaking with the
he brings to light problems and possibilities that arise traditional modes of production
when questions of artistic priority and freedom come that had dominated Mexican cultural practices: Tina
into contact, or even conflict, with those of cultural Modotti rose against the conventions of “artistic” pho-
obligation. English examines the integrative and inter- tography by promoting a radically modern photographic
disciplinary strategies of five contemporary artists — aesthetics; typewriting authors rejected the literary
Kara Walker, Fred Wilson, Isaac Julien, Glenn Ligon, precepts of modernismo to celebrate the stridencies of
and William Pope.L — stressing the ways in which mechanical writing; and young architects abandoned
this work at once reflects and alters our view of its older building materials for the symbolic strength
informing context: the advent of postmodernity in of reinforced concrete.
late twentieth-century American art and culture. Rubén Gallo is Director of the Program in Latin American
Studies and Professor in the Department of Spanish and
Darby English is Assistant Professor of Art History at the Portuguese Languages and Cultures at Princeton University.
University of Chicago. He is coeditor of Kara Walker: Narratives He is the author of Freud’s Mexico (MIT Press, 2010).
of a Negress (MIT Press, 2003).
Awarded the Katherine Singer Kovacs Prize by the
“One of the smartest, subtlest, and most compassionate Modern Language Association, 2005
books coming out of the academy to deal with the fraught
“Gallo’s ambitious and integrative approach to cultural
issues pertaining to identity politics.”
history results in a great many powerful insights. His eye
— Miwon Kwon, Department of Art History,
for telling moments in design, expression, and (not least)
University of California, Los Angeles
self-invention, give this book unusual depth.”
“A compelling and polemically daring reassessment of black- — Amy E. Slaton, The Americas
ness as an artistic genre and set of visual expressions.”
October — 9 x 8, 248 pp. — 10 color illus., 81 black & white illus.
— Derek Conrad Murray, Art Journal
$17.95T/£13.95 paper
“A timely and relevant book, opening a debate that is long 978-0-262-51496-5
overdue.”
— Sonya Dyer, Art Review cloth 2005
978-0-262-07264-9
October — 6 x 9, 376 pp. — 22 color illus., 31 black & white illus.
$16.95T/£12.95 paper
978-0-262-51493-4

cloth 2007
978-0-262-05083-8

mitpress.mit.edu Fall 2010 57


NOW IN PAPER
architecture/urban studies neuroscience/Eastern philosophy

BRANDSCAPES ZEN-BRAIN REFLECTIONS


Architecture in the Reviewing Recent Developments in Meditation
Experience Economy and States of Consciousness
Anna Klingmann James H. Austin, M.D.
In the twenty-first century, we This sequel to the widely read Zen and the Brain con-
must learn to look at cities not as tinues James Austin’s explorations into the key inter-
skylines but as brandscapes and relationships between Zen Buddhism and brain
at buildings not as objects but as research. In Zen-Brain Reflections, Austin, a clinical
advertisements and destinations. neurologist, researcher, and Zen practitioner, examines
In the experience economy, experience itself has become the evolving psychological
the product: we’re no longer consuming objects but processes and brain changes asso-
sensations, even lifestyles. In the new environment ciated with the path of long-
of brandscapes, buildings are not about where we range meditative training. Austin
work and live but who we imagine ourselves to be. draws not only on the
In Brandscapes, Anna Klingmann looks critically at latest neuroscience research
the controversial practice of branding by examining and new neuroimaging studies
its benefits and considering the damage it may do. but also on Zen literature and
How can architects use branding as a means to dif- his personal experience with
ferentiate places from the inside out — and not, as cur- alternate states of consciousness.
rent development practices seem to dictate, from the Austin envisions novel links between migraines
outside in? When architecture brings together ecology, and metaphors, moonlight and mysticism. The Zen
economics, and social well-being to help people and perspective on the self and consciousness is an ancient
places regain self-sufficiency, writes Klingmann, it can one. Readers will discover how relevant Zen is to the
be a catalyst for cultural and economic transformation. neurosciences, and how each field can illuminate
Anna Klingmann, an architect and critic, is the founder and the other.
principal of KL!NGMANN, an agency for architecture and James H. Austin is Clinical Professor of Neurology, University
brand building in New York. Her work has been published of Missouri Health Science Center, and Emeritus Professor
in AD Magazine, Daidalos, Architectural Record, Architecture of Neurology, University of Colorado Health Science Center.
d’Aujourd’hui, and other periodicals. He is the author of Zen and the Brain (1999), Selfless Insight
(2009), and Chase, Chance, and Creativity (2003), all
“ Brandscapes is the first architecture book that takes the published by the MIT Press.
Experience Economy as its premise to show architects —
and by extension designers, engineers, and indeed all expe- “With virtuosity Austin melds the discourses of neuroscience
rience stagers — how to create places that are authentic, and Zen meditation to tell a story that could not belong to
meaningful, and engaging.” either alone.”
— B. Joseph Pine II and James H. Gilmore, — D. V. Feldman, Choice
coauthors, The Experience Economy and “It is simply the best description of Zen experiences I have
Authenticity: What Consumers Really Want ever come across. . . With these two books, Austin has become
“ Brandscapes bravely argues for a public architecture to my roshi.”
re-create delight, challenging designers to bring together the — Taede A. Smedes, ESSSAT News
wow factor of consumer culture and people’s desire to belong.” October — 7 x 9, 616 pp. — 11 illus.
— Sharon Zukin, author of The Cultures of Cities
$22.00T/£16.95 paper
978-0-262-51485-9
October — 7 x 9, 378 pp. — 111 illus.
$19.95T/£14.95 paper cloth 2006
978-0-262-51503-0 978-0-262-01223-2

cloth 2007
978-0-262-11303-8

58 Fall 2010 mitpress.mit.edu


NOW IN PAPER
economics economics

REVISITING KEYNES MINIMUM WAGES


Economic Possibilities for David Neumark and William L. Wascher
our Grandchildren
Over the years, the minimum wage has been popular
edited by Lorenzo Pecchi and with the public, controversial in the political arena, and
Gustavo Piga
the subject of vigorous debate among economists over
In 1931 distinguished economist its costs and benefits. In this book, David Neumark and
John Maynard Keynes published a William Wascher offer a comprehensive overview of
short essay, “Economic Possibilities the evidence on the economic effects of minimum
for Our Grandchildren,” in his wages. Synthesizing nearly two decades of their own
collection Essays in Persuasion. research and reviewing other research that touches on
In the essay, he expressed optimism for the economic the same questions, Neumark and Wascher discuss the
future despite the doldrums of the post-World War I effects of minimum wages on
years and the onset of the Great Depression. Keynes employment and hours, the
imagined that by 2030 the standard of living would be acquisition of skills, the wage and
dramatically higher; people, liberated from want (and income distributions, longer-term
without the desire to consume for the sake of consump- labor market outcomes, prices,
tion), would work no more than fifteen hours a week, and the aggregate economy.
devoting the rest of their time to leisure and culture. Arguing that the usual focus on
In Revisiting Keynes, leading contemporary economists employment effects is too limit-
(including four Nobel laureates) consider what Keynes ing, they present a broader,
got right in his essay — the rise in the standard of empirically based inquiry that
living, for example — and what he got wrong — such will better inform policymakers
as a shortened work week and consumer satiation. about the costs and benefits of the minimum wage.
In so doing, they raise challenging questions about Based on their comprehensive reading of the evi-
the world economy and contemporary lifestyles in the dence, Neumark and Wascher argue that minimum
twenty-first century. Keynes’s short essay — usually wages do not achieve the main goals set forth by their
seen as a minor divertissement compared to his other supporters. The authors argue that policymakers
more influential works — becomes the catalyst for a should instead look for other tools to raise the wages of
lively debate among some of today’s top economists low-skill workers and to provide poor families with an
about economic growth, inequality, wealth, work, acceptable standard of living.
leisure, culture, and consumerism.
David Neumark is Professor of Economics at the University of
Lorenzo Pecchi is Managing Director at UniCredit Markets and California, Irvine. William L. Wascher is Associate Director in
Investment Banking Division and Adjunct Professor at the the Division of Research and Statistics at the Federal Reserve
University of Rome Tor Vergata. Gustavo Piga is Professor of Board.
Economics at the University of Rome Tor Vergata.
Choice, Outstanding Academic Title, 2009
“In this book, Keynes’s essay (which says as much about “This is a superb book, notable for both breadth and depth of
his outsider-insider position in the Bloomsbury Group as coverage, on one of the most fundamental topics in economics.”
anything else) serves as the ink blot in a Rorschach test for — J. P. Jacobsen, Choice
leading contemporary economists. Their interpretations of
it reveal some of their underlying attitudes to economy and “The most comprehensive and thorough review, analysis,
society, just as he revealed his when he wrote it.” and discussion of the minimum wage that one is likely to
— John Toye, Economic History Review come across.”
— Walter E. William, Regulation
September — 6 x 9, 232 pp. — 7 illus.
September — 6 x 9, 392 pp. — 50 illus.
$15.00S/£11.95 paper
978-0-262-51511-5 $20.00S/£14.95 paper
978-0-262-51508-5
cloth 2008
978-0-262-16249-4 cloth 2008
978-0-262-14102-4

mitpress.mit.edu Fall 2010 59


NOW IN PAPER
economics/race studies economics/psychology

RACE AND HAPPINESS


ENTREPRENEURIAL A Revolution in Economics
SUCCESS Bruno S. Frey
Black-, Asian-, and Revolutionary developments in economics are rare.
White-Owned Businesses The conservative bias of the field and its enshrined
in the United States knowledge make it difficult to introduce new ideas not
Robert W. Fairlie and in line with received theory. Happiness research, how-
Alicia M. Robb
ever, has the potential to change economics substan-
Thirteen million people in the tially. Its findings can be considered revolutionary in
United States — roughly one in three respects: the measurement of experienced utility
ten workers — own a business. And yet rates of busi- using psychologists’ tools for
ness ownership among African Americans are much measuring subjective well-being;
lower and have been so during the last 100 years. In new insights into how human
addition, and perhaps more important, businesses beings value goods and services
owned by African Americans tend to have lower sales, and social conditions that include
fewer employees and smaller payrolls, lower profits, and consideration of such non-mate-
higher closure rates. In contrast, Asian American-owned rial values as autonomy and social
businesses tend to be more successful. In Race and relations; and policy consequences
Entrepreneurial Success, minority entrepreneurship of these new insights that suggest
authorities Robert Fairlie and Alicia Robb examine different ways for government to
racial disparities in business performance. Drawing affect individual well-being. In
on the rarely used, restricted-access Characteristics of Happiness, Bruno Frey, emphasizing empirical evidence
Business Owners (CBO) data set compiled by the U.S. rather than theoretical conjectures, substantiates these
Census Bureau, Fairlie and Robb examine in particular three revolutionary claims for happiness research.
why Asian-owned firms perform well in comparison Frey examines democracy and federalism, self-
to white-owned businesses and why black-owned firms employment and volunteer work, marriage, terrorism,
typically do not. and watching television from the new perspective of
Robert W. Fairlie is Professor of Economics at the University happiness research. Frey describes how government can
of California, Santa Cruz, and an adjunct researcher at the provide the conditions under which people can achieve
RAND Corporation. Alicia M. Robb is a Research Associate in
Economics at the University of California, Santa Cruz, and a well-being, arguing that effective political institutions
senior economist with Beacon Economics. and decentralized decision making play crucial roles.
Choice, Outstanding Academic Title, 2009 Bruno S. Frey is Professor of Economics at the University
of Zurich, Visiting Professor at the Swiss Federal Institute
“This volume is required reading for anyone who wants to of Technology, and Research Director of CREMA (Center for
understand racial differences in the propensity to start and Research in Economics, Management, and the Arts). He is
coeditor of Economics and Psychology: A Promising New
grow new businesses.” Cross-Disciplinary Field (MIT Press, 2007).
— Harvey Rosen, Department of Economics,
Princeton University “Long a pioneer in the application of psychology to econom-
ics, Bruno Frey provides a masterful synthesis of happiness
“The work extends beyond the entrepreneurship literature
research, and demonstrates both its policy value and grow-
and has the potential to inform studies in sociology and eco-
ing challenge to economic orthodoxy.”
nomics and within business schools.”
— Richard A. Easterlin, Department of Economics,
— Linda Renzulli, Administrative Science Quarterly
University of Southern California
September — 6 x 9, 256 pp. — 17 illus.
September — 6 x 9, 256 pp.
$18.00S/£13.95 paper
978-0-262-51494-1 $19.00S/£14.95 paper
978-0-262-51495-8

cloth 2008
978-0-262-06281-7 cloth 2008
978-0-262-06277-0
Munich Lectures series
60 Fall 2010 mitpress.mit.edu
NOW IN PAPER
economics/health policy/law bioethics/health policy

MEDICAL CONFLICTS OF CONSCIENCE


MALPRACTICE IN HEALTH CARE
Frank A. Sloan and An Institutional Compromise
Lindsey M. Chepke Holly Fernandez Lynch
Most experts would agree that Physicians in the United States who refuse to perform a
the current medical malpractice variety of legally permissible medical services because of
system in the United States does their own moral objections are often protected by “con-
not work effectively either to science clauses.” These laws, on the books in nearly every
compensate victims fairly or state since the legalization of abortion by Roe v. Wade,
prevent injuries caused by medical shield physicians and other health professionals from
errors. Policy responses to a series of medical malpractice such potential consequences of
crises have not resulted in effective reform and have not refusal as liability and dismissal.
altered the fundamental incentives of the stakeholders. While some praise conscience
In Medical Malpractice, economist Frank Sloan and clauses as protecting important
lawyer Lindsey Chepke examine the U.S. medical freedoms, opponents, concerned
malpractice process from legal, medical, economic, and with patient access to care, argue
insurance perspectives, analyze past efforts at reform, that professional refusals should
and offer realistic, achievable policy recommendations. be tolerated only when they are
They review the considerable empirical evidence in a based on valid medical grounds.
balanced fashion and assess objectively what works in In Conflicts of Conscience in Health
the current system and what does not. Care, Holly Fernandez Lynch argues that doctor-patient
Medical Malpractice is the most comprehensive treat- matching on the basis of personal moral values would
ment of malpractice available, integrating findings from eliminate, or at least minimize, many conflicts of con-
several different areas of research and describing them science. Licensing boards would be responsible for bal-
accessibly in nontechnical language. It will be an essential ancing the interests of doctors and patients by ensuring a
reference for anyone interested in medical malpractice. sufficient number of willing physicians such that no
Frank A. Sloan is J. Alexander McMahon Professor of Health physician’s refusal leaves a patient entirely without access
Policy and Management and Professor of Economics at Duke to desired medical services. This proposed solution,
University. He is the coauthor of The Price of Smoking (MIT
Press, 2004) and author or editor of many other books on Lynch argues, protects both a patient’s access to care and
health economics. Lindsey Chepke, an attorney, is a Research a physician’s ability to refuse.
Associate at the Center for Health Policy at Duke University.
Holly Fernandez Lynch is a bioethicist for the Henry M. Jackson
Honorable Mention, 2008 PROSE Award, presented by the Foundation for the Advancement of Military Medicine, working
Association of American Publishing/Professional Scholarly under a contract with the Human Subjects Protection Branch
Publishing at the Division of AIDS, within the National Institutes of
Health, in Bethesda, Maryland.
“It is a scholarly masterpiece and is easily the definitive Choice, Outstanding Academic Title, 2009
work on its subject.”
“[Lynch’s] pragmatic approach is also innovative and
— Maxwell J. Mehlman,
refreshing in a policy arena that is often fraught with an
New England Journal of Medicine
overabundance of criticism with little substance on reform.”
“Will be of interest not only to medical and legal policymakers — Dhrubajyoti Bhattacharya,
but to physicians interested in this oftentimes most personal The Journal of Legal Medicine
of topics.”
September — 6 x 9, 368 pp.
— Alan G. Williams,
Journal of the American Medical Association $17.00S/£12.95 paper
978-0-262-51505-4
September — 6 x 9, 472 pp. — 6 illus.
cloth 2008
$21.00S/£15.95 paper 978-0-262-12305-1
978-0-262-51516-0
Basic Bioethics series
cloth 2008
978-0-262-19572-0
mitpress.mit.edu Fall 2010 61
NOW IN PAPER
new media/game studies new media/communications

PERSUASIVE GAMES DIGITAL MEDIA AND DEMOCRACY


The Expressive Power Tactics in Hard Times
of Videogames edited by Megan Boler
Ian Bogost
In an age of proliferating media and news sources, who
Videogames are both an expres- has the power to define reality? When the dominant
sive medium and a persuasive media declared the existence of WMDs in Iraq, did
medium; they represent how real that make it a fact? Today, the “social Web” (sometimes
and imagined systems work, and known as Web 2.0, groupware, or the participatory
they invite players to interact Web) — epitomized by blogs, viral videos, and
with those systems and form judgments about them. In YouTube — creates new path-
this innovative analysis, Ian Bogost examines the way ways for truths to emerge and
videogames mount arguments and influence players. makes possible new tactics for
Drawing on the 2,500-year history of rhetoric, the media activism. In Digital Media
study of persuasive expression, Bogost analyzes and Democracy, leading scholars
rhetoric’s unique function in software in general and in media and communication
videogames in particular. Bogost argues that studies, media activists, journal-
videogames, thanks to their basic representational mode ists, and artists explore the con-
of procedurality (rule-based representations and interac- tradiction at the heart of the
tions), open a new domain for persuasion; they realize a relationship between truth and power today: the fact
new form of rhetoric. that the radical democratization of knowledge and mul-
Bogost calls this new form procedural rhetoric, a tiplication of sources and voices made possible by digi-
type of rhetoric tied to the core affordances of comput- tal media coexists with the blatant falsification of
ers. He argues that videogames have a unique persua- information by political and corporate powers.
sive power: not only can videogames support existing The book maps a new digital media landscape that
social and cultural positions, but they can also disrupt features citizen journalism, The Daily Show, blogging,
and change those positions. He looks at three areas in and alternative media. It includes not only essays by
which videogame persuasion has already taken form noted media scholars but also interviews with such
and shows considerable potential: politics, advertising, journalists and media activists as Amy Goodman
and education. of Democracy Now!, Media Matters host Robert
Ian Bogost is Associate Professor in the School of Literature, McChesney, and Hassan Ibrahim of Al Jazeera.
Communication, and Culture at the Georgia Institute of
Technology and a Founding Partner at Persuasive Games LLC. Megan Boler is Professor and Associate Chair of the Department
He is the author of Unit Operations: An Approach to Videogame of Theory and Policy Studies at the Ontario Institute of Studies
Criticism (2006) and coauthor of Newsgames: Journalism at in Education at the University of Toronto.
Play (2010), both published by the MIT Press.
“ Digital Media and Democracy shows how voices of
“Bogost’s book provides a new lens — procedural rhetoric dissent can come from many different quarters as people
— to use in the analysis of games and an excellent survey of utilize the resources they have available in new and
the history of games of this ilk.” innovative ways.”
— Steve Jacobs, American Journal of Play — David Stuart, Online Information Review
“An important addition to the debate over what games are, September — 7 x 9, 480 pp. — 51 illus.
do, and can be.”
$22.00S/£16.95 paper
— Ernest W. Adams, 978-0-262-51489-7
game design consultant and educator
cloth 2008
September — 7 x 9, 464 pp. — 50 illus. 978-0-262-02642-0
$19.00S/£14.95 paper
978-0-262-51488-0

cloth 2007
978-0-262-02614-7

62 Fall 2010 mitpress.mit.edu


NOW IN PAPER
new media/biology/art new media

TACTICAL MEDIAARTHISTORIES
BIOPOLITICS edited by Oliver Grau
Art, Activism, and Digital art has become a major contemporary art form,
Technoscience but it has yet to achieve acceptance from mainstream
edited by Beatriz da Costa cultural institutions; it is rarely collected, and seldom
and Kavita Philip
included in the study of art history or other academic
foreword by Joseph Dumit
disciplines. In MediaArtHistories, leading scholars seek
Popular culture in this “biological to change this. They take a wider view of media art,
century” seems to feed on placing it against the backdrop of art history. Their
proliferating representations of the fears, anxieties, and essays demonstrate that today’s
hopes around the life sciences, at a time when such basic media art cannot be understood
concepts as scientific truth, race and gender identity, through technological details
and the human itself are destabilized in the public eye. alone; it cannot be understood
Tactical Biopolitics suggests that the political challenges without its history, and it must
at the intersection of life, science, and art are best be understood in proximity to
addressed through a combination of artistic interven- other disciplines — film, cultural
tion, critical theorizing, and reflective practices. and media studies, computer
Contributing authors practice and theorize biology science, philosophy, and sciences
(Richard Lewontin, Richard Levins, Fatimah Jackson, dealing with images.
Jonathan King), bioart (Paul Vanouse, SymbioticA, Contributors trace the evolution of digital art, from
Claire Pentecost), tactical media (Critical Art Ensemble, thirteenth-century Islamic mechanical devices and
subRosa), anthropology (Paul Rabinow, Gabriella eighteenth-century phantasmagoria, magic lanterns,
Coleman), critical theory (Eugene Thacker), sociology and other multimedia illusions, to Marcel Duchamp’s
(Troy Duster), science studies (Donna Haraway), inventions and 1960s kinetic and op art. They reex-
health activism (Mark Harrington), feminist science amine and redefine key media art theory terms —
fiction (Gwyneth Jones), and more. machine, media, exhibition — and consider the blurred
Beatriz da Costa does interventionist art using computing lines between art products and consumer products
and biotechnologies, and Kavita Philip studies colonialism, and between art images and science images. Finally,
neoliberalism, and technoscience using history and critical
theory. Both are Associate Professors at the University of MediaArtHistories offers an approach for an interdisci-
California, Irvine. plinary, expanded image science, which demands the
“trained eye” of art history.
“ Tactical Biopolitics is a snapshot of the state-of-the-art at
one of the farthest frontiers of interdisciplinary exploration.” Oliver Grau is Professor for Image Science and Dean of the
Department for Cultural Studies, Donau-Universität Krems.
— Cheryl A. Kerfeld, PLoS Biology
“Scholars who concentrate on the nonscientific aspects of “A rich selection of important texts by some of the most
bioscience and biotechnology are often identified with noteworthy figures in media art history, and together they
ethical and legal scholarship focused on a narrow range will do much to shape the content of this new discipline.”
of issues. It is therefore refreshing to find in Tactical — Charlie Gere, The Art Book
Biopolitics a diverse collection of essays that extend the September — 7 x 9, 488 pp. — 92 illus. in color and black & white
horizon of inquiry into the meanings and impacts of
$22.00S/£16.95 paper
bioscience and biotechnology.” 978-0-262-51498-9
— David Castle, The Quarterly Review of Biology
cloth 2007
September — 7 x 9, 536 pp. — 52 illus. 978-0-262-07279-3
$20.00S/£14.95 paper A Leonardo Book
978-0-262-51491-0

cloth 2008
978-0-262-04249-9
A Leonardo Book

mitpress.mit.edu Fall 2010 63


NOW IN PAPER
new media/cinema/art computer music

VIDEO MUSIC AND PROBABILITY


The Reflexive Medium David Temperley
Yvonne Spielmann In Music and Probability, David Temperley explores
Video is an electronic medium, issues in music perception and cognition from a proba-
dependent on the transfer of bilistic perspective. The application of probabilistic ideas
electronic signals. Video signals to music has been pursued only sporadically over the
are in constant movement, past four decades, but the time is ripe, Temperley argues,
circulating between camera and for a reconsideration of how probabilities shape music
monitor. This process of simulta- perception and even music itself. Recent advances in the
neous production and reproduction makes video the application of probability theory
most reflexive of media, distinct from both photography to other domains of cognitive
and film (in which the image or a sequence of images is modeling, coupled with new
central). Because it is processual and not bound to evidence and theoretical insights
recording and the appearance of a “frame,” video shares about the working of the musical
properties with the computer. In this book, Yvonne mind, have laid the groundwork
Spielmann argues that video is not merely an interme- for more fruitful investigations.
diate stage between analog and digital but a medium in Temperley proposes computa-
its own right. Video has metamorphosed from technol- tional models for two basic cogni-
ogy to medium, with a set of aesthetic languages that tive processes, the perception of key and the perception
are specific to it, and current critical debates on new of meter, using techniques of Bayesian probabilistic
media still need to recognize this. Spielmann considers modeling. Drawing on his own research and surveying
video as “transformation imagery,” acknowledging the recent work by others, Temperley explores a range
centrality in video of the transitions between images — of further issues in music and probability, including
and the fact that these transitions are explicitly reflected transcription, phrase perception, pattern perception,
in new processes. harmony, improvisation, and musical styles.
Yvonne Spielmann is Research Professor and Chair of New Media
Temperley’s Bayesian approach not only allows
in the School of Media, Language, and Music at the University him to model the perception of meter and tonality
of the West of Scotland. She lives in Glasgow and Berlin. but also sheds light on such perceptual processes as
Winner, 2009 Lewis Mumford Award for Outstanding Scholarship error detection, expectation, and pitch identification.
in the Ecology of Technics, presented by the Media Ecology Bayesian techniques also provide insights into such
Foundation (MEA)
subtle and advanced issues as musical ambiguity,
“Available for the first time in translation, Yvonne tension, and “grammaticality,” and lead to interesting
Spielmann’s Video: The Reflexive Medium provides us and novel predictions about compositional practice
with a keen parsing of the specificities of video as a medium.“ and differences between musical styles.
— Anne Friedberg, author of David Temperley is Associate Professor of Music Theory at
the Eastman School of Music, University of Rochester, and
The Virtual Window: From Alberti to Microsoft the author of The Cognition of Basic Musical Structures
(MIT Press, 2001).
September — 7 x 9, 384 pp. — 136 illus.
$22.00S/£16.95 paper “As he did in The Cognition of Basic Musical Structures,
978-0-262-51517-7 Temperley here challenges the frontiers of the definition of
music theory and cognition.”
cloth 2008 — J. Rubin, Choice
978-0-262-19566-9
A Leonardo Book September — 7 x 9, 256 pp. — 76 illus.
$20.00S/£14.95 paper
978-0-262-51519-1

cloth 2007
978-0-262-20166-7

64 Fall 2010 mitpress.mit.edu


NOW IN PAPER
history of technology/business political science/law

THE INTERNET AND THE PRIVACY ADVOCATES


AMERICAN BUSINESS Resisting the Spread of Surveillance
edited by William Aspray and Colin J. Bennett
Paul E. Ceruzzi Today, personal information is captured, processed,
When we think of the Internet, and disseminated in a bewildering variety of ways,
we generally think of Google, and through increasingly sophisticated, miniaturized,
Facebook, Wikipedia, Amazon, and distributed technologies: identity cards, biometrics,
and other sites for buying prod- video surveillance, the use of cookies and spyware by
ucts, searching for information, downloading entertain- Web sites, data mining and profiling, and many others.
ment, chatting with friends, or posting photographs. In In The Privacy Advocates, Colin
the academic literature about the Internet, however, Bennett analyzes the people and
these uses are rarely covered. The Internet and American groups around the world who
Business fills this gap, picking up where most scholarly have risen to challenge the most
histories of the Internet leave off — with the commer- intrusive surveillance practices by
cialization of the Internet established and its effect on both government and corpora-
traditional business a fact of life. The chapters in this tions. Bennett describes a network
book, describing challenges successfully met by some of self-identified privacy advocates
companies and failures to adapt by others, are a first who have emerged from civil soci-
attempt to understand a dynamic and exciting period ety — without official sanction
of American business history. and with few resources, but surprisingly influential.
William Aspray is Rudy Professor of Informatics at Indiana Drawing on extensive interviews with key inform-
University in Bloomington. He is the coeditor of Women and ants in the movement, Bennett examines how they
Information Technology: Research on Underrepresentation
(MIT Press, 2006) and Health Informatics: A Patient-Centered
frame the issue and how they organize, who they are,
Approach to Diabetes (MIT Press, 2010). Paul E. Ceruzzi is and what strategies they use. He presents a series of
Curator of the National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian case studies that illustrate how effective their efforts
Institution, Washington, D.C. He is the author of A History
of Modern Computing (second edition, MIT Press, 2003) and have been, examining conflicts over key-escrow
Internet Alley: High Technology in Tysons Corner, 1945-2005 encryption, online advertising through third-party
(MIT Press, 2008)
cookies that track users across different Web sites,
Choice, Outstanding Academic Title, 2008 and online authentication mechanisms such as the
“This excellent scholarly effort successfully places e-commerce short-lived Microsoft Passport.
in a useful historical context.” Colin Bennett is Professor in the Department of Political
— R. C. Singleton, Choice Science at the University of Victoria, British Columbia. He is
the coauthor (with Charles Raab) of The Governance of Privacy:
“An indispensable book for researchers and policymakers Policy Instruments in Global Perspective (updated paperback
edition, MIT Press, 2006).
interested in the topic. . . . I hope that it will inspire accounts
of the Internet and business in other parts of the world.” “ The Privacy Advocates will become one of the essential
— Gerard Goggin, Prometheus books for understanding privacy issues in this decade.”
— Privacy Journal
September — 7 x 9, 608 pp. — 8 illus.
$27.00S/£19.95 paper
“A major contribution to the literature of information privacy
978-0-262-51481-1 and social movements.”
— Paul M. Schwartz, School of Law,
cloth 2008 University of California, Berkeley
978-0-262-01240-9
History of Computing series September — 6 x 9, 288 pp. — 11 illus.
$14.00S/£10.95 paper
978-0-262-51487-3

cloth 2008
978-0-262-02638-3

mitpress.mit.edu Fall 2010 65


NOW IN PAPER
information science/technology/publishing science, technology, and society

SCHOLARSHIP IN INSATIABLE CURIOSITY


THE DIGITAL AGE Innovation in a Fragile Future
Information, Infrastructure, Helga Nowotny
and the Internet translated by Mitch Cohen
Christine L. Borgman Curiosity is the main driving force behind scientific
Scholars in all fields now have activity. Scientific curiosity, insatiable in its explorations,
access to an unprecedented does not know what it will find, or where it will lead.
wealth of online information, Innovation, argues influential European science studies
tools, and services. Although scholar Helga Nowotny, tames the passion of science,
much attention has been paid to harnessing it to produce “deliverables.” Science brings
the new technologies making this possible, from digi- uncertainties; innovation success-
tized books to sensor networks, it is the underlying fully copes with them. Society
social and policy changes that will have the most lasting calls for both the passion for
effect on the scholarly enterprise. In Scholarship in the knowledge and its taming.
Digital Age, Christine Borgman explores the technical, This ambivalence, Nowotny
social, legal, and economic aspects of the kind of infra- contends, is an inevitable result
structure that we should be building for scholarly of modernity.
research in the twenty-first century. In Insatiable Curiosity,
No framework for the impending “data deluge” Nowotny explores the strands
exists comparable to that for publishing. Borgman of the often unexpected inter-
challenges the many stakeholders in the scholarly twining of science and technol-
infrastructure to look beyond their own domains to ogy and society. Our dilemma is how to balance the
address the interaction of technical, legal, economic, immense but unpredictable potential of science and
social, political, and disciplinary concerns. technology with our acknowledgment that not every-
Christine L. Borgman is Professor and Presidential Chair thing that can be done should be done. We can escape
in Information Studies at the University of California, Los the old polarities of utopias and dystopias, writes
Angeles. She is the author of From Gutenberg to the Global Nowotny, by accepting our ambivalence — as a legacy
Information Infrastructure: Access to Information in the
Networked World (MIT Press, 2000). of modernism and a positive cultural resource.

Winner, 2008 Best Information Science Book Award, presented by Helga Nowotny, one of the leading European voices in Science
Studies, is President of the European Research Council and
the American Society for Information Science and Technology
Chair, Scientific Advisory Board, University of Vienna.
(ASIST)
“A voice of distinctive elegance, clarity, and sophistication. . . .
“Science policy-makers would do well to refer to this book in
A little book full of big ideas, Insatiable Curiosity is
framing their aspirations for a scholarly infrastructure.”
something to think with and through.”
— Richard Akerman, Nature
— Edward J. Hackett, Science
“Comprehensive, comprehensible and authoritative.”
“Acknowledging the disorienting forces of change, Nowotny
— David Bawden, Journal of Documentation
nevertheless presents an eloquent, erudite argument for
September — 6 x 9, 360 pp.— 4 illus. embracing the future in all its ambiguity.”
$20.00S/£14.95 paper — Sheila Jasanoff, Pforzheimer Professor of Science
978-0-262-51490-3 and Technology Studies, Harvard Kennedy School

cloth 2007 September — 5 3/8 x 8, 200 pp.


978-0-262-02619-2 $15.00S/£11.95 paper
978-0-262-51510-8

cloth 2008
978-0-262-14103-1
Inside Technology series

66 Fall 2010 mitpress.mit.edu


NOW IN PAPER
cognitive science cognitive science/education

CREATING SCIENTIFIC APPLYING COGNITIVE SCIENCE


CONCEPTS TO EDUCATION
Nancy J. Nersessian Thinking and Learning in Scientific
and Other Complex Domains
How do novel scientific concepts
arise? In Creating Scientific
Frederick Reif
Concepts, Nancy Nersessian Many students find it difficult to master the kinds of
seeks to answer this central but knowledge and thinking required by college or high
virtually unasked question in the school courses in mathematics, science, or other com-
problem of conceptual change. plex domains. Thus they often emerge with significant
She argues that the popular image misconceptions, fragmented
of novel concepts and profound insight bursting forth knowledge, and inadequate prob-
in a blinding flash of inspiration is mistaken. Instead, lem-solving skills. Most instruc-
novel concepts are shown to arise out of the interplay tors or textbook authors approach
of three factors: an attempt to solve specific problems; their teaching efforts with a good
the use of conceptual, analytical, and material resources knowledge of their field of
provided by the cognitive-social-cultural context of expertise but little awareness of
the problem; and dynamic processes of reasoning that the underlying thought processes
extend ordinary cognition. and kinds of knowledge required
Nersessian’s investigations of historical scientific for learning in scientific domains.
practices show conceptual change as deriving from the In this book, Frederick Reif presents an accessible
use of analogies, imagistic representations, and thought coherent introduction to some of the cognitive issues
experiments, integrated with experimental investigations important for thinking and learning in scientific or
and mathematical analyses. She presents a view of other complex domains (such as mathematics, physics,
constructed models as hybrid objects, serving as inter- chemistry, engineering, or expository writing).
mediaries between targets and analogical sources in Reif examines with some care the kinds of knowl-
bootstrapping processes. She argues that these complex edge and thought processes needed for good perform-
cognitive operations and structures are not mere aids to ance; discusses the difficulties faced by students trying
discovery, but that together they constitute a powerful to deal with unfamiliar scientific domains; describes
form of reasoning — model-based reasoning — that some explicit teaching methods that can help students
generates novelty. learn the requisite knowledge and thinking skills; and
indicates how such methods can be implemented by
Nancy J. Nersessian is Regents’ Professor of Cognitive Science
in the School of Interactive Computing at Georgia Institute instructors or textbook authors.
of Technology. She is the author of Faraday to Einstein:
Constructing Meaning in Scientific Theories, and numerous Frederick Reif is Emeritus Professor of Physics and Education
articles on the creative reasoning practices of scientists and at Carnegie Mellon University and the University of California,
on science learning. Berkeley.

“The book is a tour de force by a great cognitive scientist “A veritable gold mine for all those who teach physics or
of science.” mathematics at high-school or college level. . . . A broad
— George Lakoff, Richard and Rhoda Goldman range of academics will find Applying Cognitive Science
Distinguished Professor of Cognitive Science and to Education intellectually stimulating.”
Linguistics, University of California, Berkeley — Elspeth Stern, Science

September — 6 x 9, 272 pp. — 55 illus. September — 6 x 9, 496 pp. — 82 illus.

$13.95S/£10.95 paper $20.00S/£14.95 paper


978-0-262-51507-8 978-0-262-51514-6

cloth 2008 cloth


978-0-262-14105-5 978-0-262-18263-8

A Bradford Book A Bradford Book

mitpress.mit.edu Fall 2010 67


NOW IN PAPER
philosophy/cognitive science cognitive science/linguistics

REDISCOVERING ORIGINS OF HUMAN


EMPATHY COMMUNICATION
Agency, Folk Psychology, Michael Tomasello
and the Human Sciences
Human communication is grounded in fundamentally
Karsten R. Stueber cooperative, even shared, intentions. In this original
In this timely and wide-ranging and provocative account of the evolutionary origins of
study, Karsten Stueber argues human communication, Michael Tomasello connects
that empathy is epistemically the fundamentally cooperative structure of human
central to our folk-psychological communication (initially discovered by Paul Grice)
understanding of other agents — to the especially cooperative structure of human
that it is something we cannot do without in order to (as opposed to other primate)
gain understanding of other minds. Setting his argument social interaction.
in the context of contemporary philosophy of mind Drawing on empirical
and the interdisciplinary debate about the nature of our research into gestural and vocal
mindreading abilities, Stueber counters objections raised communication by great apes
by some in the philosophy of social science and argues and human infants (much of it
that it is time to rehabilitate the empathy thesis. conducted by his own research
Stueber addresses the plausible philosophical mis- team), Tomasello argues that
givings about empathy that have been responsible for humans’ cooperative communi-
its failure to gain widespread philosophical acceptance. cation emerged first in the natu-
Crucial in this context is his defense of the assump- ral gestures of pointing and
tion, very much contested in contemporary philosophy pantomiming. Conventional communication, first ges-
of mind, that the notion of rational agency is at the tural and then vocal, evolved only after humans already
core of folk psychology. Empathy theorists, Stueber possessed these natural gestures and their shared inten-
writes, should be prepared to admit that, although tionality infrastructure along with skills of cultural
empathy can be regarded as the central default mode learning for creating and passing along jointly under-
for understanding other agents, there are certain limi- stood communicative conventions. Challenging the
tations in its ability to make sense of other agents; and Chomskian view that linguistic knowledge is innate,
there are supplemental theoretical strategies available Tomasello proposes instead that the most fundamental
to overcome these limitations. aspects of uniquely human communication are biologi-
Karsten R. Stueber is Associate Professor of Philosophy at the cal adaptations for cooperative social interaction in
College of the Holy Cross. general and that the purely linguistic dimensions of
human communication are cultural conventions and
“Karsten R. Stueber’s Rediscovering Empathy is a
constructions created by and passed along within par-
sustained and powerfully argued critique. . . . Important
ticular cultural groups.
and well-argued.”
— Philosophical Investigations Michael Tomasello is Codirector of the Max Planck Institute
for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig. He is the author of
“An ambitious new account of the simulation theory of folk The Cultural Origins of Human Cognition and Why We Cooperate
(MIT Press, 2009).
psychology. . . . A forceful, novel, and engaging defense.”
— Mind Winner of the 2009 Eleanor Maccoby Book Award in Developmental
Psychology, presented by the American Psychological Association
September — 6 x 9, 288 pp. September — 5 3/8 x 8, 408 pp.
$19.00S/£14.95 paper $18.00S/£13.95 paper
978-0-262-51518-4 978-0-262-51520-7

cloth 2006 cloth 2008


978-0-262-19550-8 978-0-262-20177-3
A Bradford Book Jean Nicod Lectures

68 Fall 2010 mitpress.mit.edu


NOW IN PAPER
linguistics/cognitive neuroscience neuroscience

THE BOUNDARIES DYSLEXIA, LEARNING,


OF BABEL AND THE BRAIN
The Brain and the Enigma Roderick I. Nicolson and Angela J. Fawcett
of Impossible Languages
Dyslexia research has made dramatic progress since the
Andrea Moro mid-1980s. Once discounted as a “middle-class myth,”
foreword by Noam Chomsky
dyslexia is now the subject of a complex — and confus-
In The Boundaries of Babel, ing — body of theoretical and empirical research. In
Andrea Moro tells the story of an Dyslexia, Learning, and the Brain, leading dyslexia
encounter between two cultures: researchers Rod Nicolson and Angela Fawcett provide a
contemporary theoretical linguis- uniquely broad and coherent analysis of dyslexia theory.
tics and the cognitive neurosciences. The study of lan- Unlike most dyslexia research,
guage within a biological context has been ongoing for which addresses the question
more than fifty years. The development of neuroimag- “what is the cause of the reading
ing technology offers new opportunities to enrich the disability called dyslexia?” the
“biolinguistic perspective” and extend it beyond an authors have addressed the deeper
abstract framework for inquiry. As a leading theoretical question of “what is the cause of
linguist in the generative tradition and also a cognitive the learning disability that mani-
scientist schooled in the new imaging technology, fests as reading problems?” This
Moro is uniquely equipped to explore this. perspective allows them to place
Moro searches for neurobiological correlates of dyslexia research within the much
“the boundaries of Babel” — the constraints on the broader disciplines of cognitive
apparent chaotic variation in human languages — by psychology and cognitive neuroscience and has led to
using an original experimental design based on artifi- a rich framework, including two established leading
cial languages. He offers a critical overview of some theories, the automatization deficit account (1990) and
of the fundamental results from linguistics over the last the cerebellar deficit hypothesis (2001).
fifty years, then uses these essential aspects of language The authors’ answer to the fundamental question
to examine two neuroimaging experiments in which “what is dyslexia?” offers a challenge and motivation
he took part — making it clear that techniques and for research throughout the learning disabilities, laying
machines do not provide interesting data without the foundations for future progress.
a sound theoretical framework.
Roderick I. Nicolson is Professor of Psychology and Dean of
Andrea Moro is Professor of General Linguistics at the the Faculty of Pure Science at the University of Sheffield.
Vita-Salute San Raffaele University in Milan. Angela J. Fawcett was Reader in Dyslexia at the University of
Sheffield and is now Professor of Child Research and Director
of the Centre for Child Research at Swansea University.
“A lucid introduction to these exciting areas, superbly
informed and imaginatively presented, with intriguing “Nicholson and Fawcett have, over the years, challenged
implications well beyond biolinguistics. . . . A rare and engaged the dyslexia community. Their voice in this
achievement.” text should be heard clearly by any student of the field —
— from the foreword by Noam Chomsky young or old.”
September — 6 x 9, 280 pp. — 18 illus.
— Jeffrey W. Gilger, Associate Dean for Discovery
and Faculty Development, Purdue University,
$19.00S/£14.95 paper
978-0-262-51506-1
and Chair, Research Subcommittee,
the International Dyslexia Association
cloth 2008
978-0-262-13498-6 September — 6 x 9, 304 pp. — 50 illus.

Current Studies in Linguistics 49 $20.00S/£14.95 paper


978-0-262-51509-2

cloth 2008
978-0-262-14099-7

mitpress.mit.edu Fall 2010 69


NOW IN PAPER
vision/cognitive science/neuroscience computer science/artificial intelligence

3D SHAPE THE ALLURE OF MACHINIC LIFE


Its Unique Place in Cybernetics, Artificial Life, and the New AI
Visual Perception John Johnston
Zygmunt Pizlo
In The Allure of Machinic Life, John Johnston examines
The uniqueness of shape as a new forms of nascent life that emerge through technical
perceptual property lies in the interactions within human-constructed environments —
fact that it is both complex and “machinic life” — in the sciences of cybernetics, artificial
structured. Shapes are perceived life, and artificial intelligence. With the development
veridically — perceived as they of such research initiatives as the evolution of digital
really are in the physical world, organisms, computer immune systems, artificial proto-
regardless of the orientation from which they are viewed. cells, evolutionary robotics, and
The constancy of the shape percept is the sine qua non swarm systems, Johnston argues,
of shape perception; you are not actually studying shape machinic life has achieved a
if constancy cannot be achieved with the stimulus you complexity and autonomy worthy
are using. Shape is the only perceptual attribute of an of study in its own right.
object that allows unambiguous identification. In this Drawing on the publications
first book devoted exclusively to the perception of shape of scientists as well as a range of
by humans and machines, Zygmunt Pizlo describes work in contemporary philoso-
how we perceive shapes and how to design machines phy and cultural theory, but
that can see shapes as we do. always with the primary focus
Pizlo argues that once shape is understood to be on the “objects at hand” — the
unique among visual attributes and the perceptual machines, programs, and processes that constitute
mechanisms underlying shape are seen to be different machinic life — Johnston shows how they come about,
from other perceptual mechanisms, the research on how they operate, and how they are already changing.
shape becomes coherent and experimental findings This understanding is a necessary first step, he further
no longer seem to contradict each other. He offers argues, that must precede speculation about the mean-
a new theoretical treatment that explains how a ing and cultural implications of these new forms of life.
three-dimensional shape percept is produced from
John Johnston is Professor of English and Comparative
a two-dimensional retinal image, assuming only that Literature at Emory University in Atlanta. He is the author
the image has been organized into two-dimensional of Carnival of Repetition and Information Multiplicity.
shapes.
“Johnston has done a magnificent job of surveying and
Zygmunt Pizlo is Professor of Psychological Sciences and digesting the vast literature and producing an extraordi-
Electrical and Computer Engineering (by courtesy) at
Purdue University. narily clear account of this topic.”
— C. Tappert, Choice
Choice, Outstanding Academic Title, 2008
“John Johnston is to be applauded for his engaging and
eminently readable assessment of the new, interdisciplinary
“This very accessible book is a must-read for those interested
sciences aimed at designing and building complex, life-like,
in issues of object perception. . . . An important work.”
intelligent machines.”
— R. Duncan Luce, Distinguished Research
— Mark Bedau, Professor of Philosophy
Professor of Cognitive Science,
and Humanities, Reed College,
University of California, Irvine
and editor-in-chief, Artificial Life
September — 6 x 9, 296 pp. — 73 illus.
September — 6 x 9, 480 pp. — 51 illus.
$20.00S/£14.95 paper
978-0-262-51513-9 $20.00S/£14.95 paper
978-0-262-51502-3
cloth 2008
978-0-262-16251-7 cloth 2008
978-0-262-10126-4

70 Fall 2010 mitpress.mit.edu


PROFESSIONAL
history of computing/business history

THE COMPUTER BOYS TAKE OVER


Computers, Programmers, and the Politics of Technical Expertise
Nathan L. Ensmenger
The contentious history of
Like all great social and technological developments, the “computer revolution” the computer programmers
of the twentieth century didn’t just happen. People — not impersonal processes who developed the software
— made it happen. In The Computer Boys Take Over, Nathan Ensmenger that made the computer
revolution possible.
describes the emergence of the technical specialists — computer programmers,
systems analysts, and data processing managers — who helped transform the
electronic digital computer from a scientific curiosity into the most powerful and
September
ubiquitous technology of the modern era. They did so not as inventors from the 6 x 9, 336 pp.
traditional mold, but as the developers of the “software” (broadly defined to include 16 illus.
programs, procedures, and practices) that integrated the novel technology of elec- $30.00S/£22.95 cloth
tronic computing into existing social, political, and technological networks. As 978-0-262-05093-7
mediators between the technical system (the computer) and its social environ- History of Computing series
ment (existing structures and practices), these specialists became a focus for
opposition to the use of new information technologies. To many of their contem-
poraries, it seemed the “computer boys” were taking over, not just in the corpo- Also available
rate setting, but also in government, politics, and society in general. GRACE HOPPER AND
THE INVENTION OF THE
Ensmenger follows the rise of the computer boys as they struggled to INFORMATION AGE
establish a role for themselves within traditional organizational, professional, Kurt W. Beyer
and academic hierarchies. He describes the tensions that emerged between the 2009, 978-0-262-01310-9
$27.95T/£20.95 cloth
craft-centered practices of vocational programmers, the increasingly theoretical
agenda of academic computer science, and the desire of corporate
managers to control and routinize the process of software
development. In doing so, he provides a human perspective on
what is too often treated as a purely technological phenomenon.
Nathan L. Ensmenger is Assistant Professor of the History and Sociology
of Science at the University of Pennsylvania.

71
PROFESSIONAL
political science/Internet studies current affairs/technology

NETWORKS AND STATES AMERICA IDENTIFIED


The Global Politics of Internet Governance Biometric Technology and Society
Milton L. Mueller Lisa S. Nelson
When the prevailing system of governing divides the The use of biometric technology for identification has
planet into mutually exclusive territorial monopolies of gone from Orwellian fantasy to everyday reality. This
force, what institutions can govern the Internet, with technology, which verifies or recognizes a person’s iden-
its transnational scope, boundless scale, and distributed tity based on physiological, anatomical, or behavioral
How institutions for control? Given filtering-cen- An examination of the patterns (including finger-
Internet governance sorship by states and concerns public’s perceptions of prints, retina, handwriting, and
are emerging from over national cyber-security, biometric identification keystrokes) has been deployed
the tension between technology in the context
it is often assumed that the for such purposes as combat-
the territorially bound of privacy, security, and
nation-state and Internet will inevitably be sub- civil liberties. ing welfare fraud, screening
a transnational ordinated to the traditional airplane passengers, and iden-
network society. system of nation-states. In tifying terrorists. The accompanying controversy has
Networks and States, Milton Mueller counters this, pitted those who praise the technology’s accuracy and
showing how Internet governance poses novel and fas- efficiency against advocates for privacy and civil liber-
cinating governance issues that give rise to a global pol- ties. In America Identified, Lisa Nelson investigates the
itics and new transnational institutions. Drawing on complex public responses to biometric technology. She
theories of networked governance, Mueller provides a uses societal perceptions of this particular identification
broad overview of Internet governance from the forma- technology to explore the values, beliefs, and ideologies
tion of ICANN to the clash at the World Summit on that influence public acceptance of technology.
the Information Society (WSIS), the formation of the Drawing on her own extensive research with focus
Internet Governance Forum, the global assault on peer- groups and a national survey, Nelson finds that consid-
to-peer file sharing and the rise of national-level erations of privacy, anonymity, trust and confidence
Internet control and security concerns. in institutions, and the legitimacy of paternalistic
Internet governance has become a source of conflict government interventions are extremely important
in international relations. Networks and States explores to users and potential users of the technology. She
the important role that emerging transnational institu- examines the long history of government systems of
tions could play in fostering global governance of identification and the controversies they have inspired;
communication-information policy. the effect of the information technology revolution and
Milton L. Mueller is Professor at Syracuse University’s School the events of September 11, 2001; the normative value
of Information Studies and XS4All Professor at Delft University of privacy (as opposed to its merely legal definition);
of Technology, the Netherlands. He is the author of Ruling the place of surveillance technologies in a civil society;
the Root: Internet Governance and the Taming of Cyberspace
(MIT Press, 2002) and other books. trust in government and distrust in the expanded role
of government; and the balance between the need for
October — 6 x 9, 280 pp. — 7 illus. government to act to prevent harm and the possible
$32.00S/£25.95 cloth threat to liberty in government’s actions.
978-0-262-01459-5
Lisa S. Nelson teaches in the Graduate School of Public and
Information Revolution and Global Politics series International Affairs at the University of Pittsburgh.

December — 6 x 9, 200 pp. — 26 illus.


$32.00S/£23.95 cloth
978-0-262-01477-9

72 Fall 2010 mitpress.mit.edu


PROFESSIONAL
science, technology, and society history of technology

TRADING ZONES AND RECONCEPTUALIZING THE


INTERACTIONAL EXPERTISE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION
Creating New Kinds of Collaboration edited by Jeff Horn, Leonard N. Rosenband, and
edited by Michael E. Gorman Merritt Roe Smith
Cross-disciplinary collaboration increasingly character- This collection of essays offers new perspectives on
izes today’s science and engineering research. The the Industrial Revolution as a global phenomenon.
problems and opportunities facing society do not come The fifteen contributors go beyond the longstanding
A proposal for a new neatly sorted by discipline. Closely linked essays
view of industrialization as
framework for fostering Difficulties arise when examine distinctive a linear process marked by
collaborations across researchers from disciplines as national patterns of discrete stages. Instead, they
disciplines, addressing industrialization. examine a lengthy and creative
both theory and practical
different as engineering and
applications. the humanities work together period in the history of industrialization, 1750 to 1914,
and find that they speak largely reassessing the nature of and explanations for England’s
different languages. This book explores a new frame- industrial primacy, and comparing significant industrial
work for fostering collaborations among existing disci- developments in countries ranging from China to Brazil.
plines and expertise communities. The framework Each chapter explores a distinctive national production
unites two ideas to emerge from recent work in STS: ecology, a complex blend of natural resources, demo-
trading zones, in which scientific subcultures, each with graphic pressures, cultural impulses, technological
its own language, develop the equivalents of pidgin and assets, and commercial practices. At the same time,
creole; and interactional expertise, in which experts the chapters also reveal the portability of skilled
learn to use the language of another research commu- workers and the permeability of political borders.
nity in ways that are indistinguishable from expert By exploring unique national patterns of industrial-
practitioners of that community. A trading zone can ization as well as reciprocal exchanges and furtive
gradually become a new area of expertise, facilitated borrowing among these states, the book refreshes
by interactional expertise and involving negotiations the discussion of early industrial transformations and
over boundary objects (objects represented in different raises issues still relevant in today’s era of globalization.
ways by different participants). Jeff Horn is Associate Professor of History at Manhattan
The volume describes applications of the framework College and the author of three books, including The Path
Not Taken: French Industrialization in the Age of Revolution,
to service science, business strategy, environmental 1750-1839 (MIT Press, 2006). Leonard N. Rosenband is
management, education, and practical ethics. One Professor of History at Utah State University and the author
detailed case study focuses on attempts to create trad- of Papermaking in Eighteenth-Century France: Management,
Labor, and Revolution at the Montgolfier Mill, 1761-1805.
ing zones that would help prevent marine bycatch; Merritt Roe Smith is Cutten Professor of the History of
another investigates trading zones formed to market Technology at MIT and the author or editor of six books, most
recently Inventing America: A History of the United States.
the female condom to women in Africa; another
describes how humanists embedded in a nanotechnol- October — 6 x 9, 336 pp.
ogy laboratory gained interactional expertise, resulting
$40.00S/£29.95 paper
in improved research results for both humanists and 978-0-262-51562-7
nanoscientists.
Dibner Institute Studies in the History of Science and
Michael E. Gorman is Professor in the Department of Science, Technology
Technology, and Society at the University of Virginia. He is
the author of Simulating Science and Transforming Nature.

November — 6 x 9, 352 pp. — 23 illus.


$30.00S/£22.95 paper
978-0-262-51483-5
$60.00S/£44.95 cloth
978-0-262-01472-4
Inside Technology series

mitpress.mit.edu Fall 2010 73


PROFESSIONAL
information technology/health philosophy of mind/cognitive science/psychology

HEALTH INFORMATICS OUR OWN MINDS


A Patient-Centered Approach to Diabetes Sociocultural Grounds for Self-Consciousness
edited by Barbara M. Hayes and William Aspray Radu J. Bogdan
The healthcare industry has been slow to join the In Our Own Minds, Radu Bogdan takes a developmen-
information technology revolution; handwritten records tal perspective on consciousness — its functional design
are still the primary means of organizing patient care. in particular — and proposes that children’s functional
Concerns about patient privacy, the difficulty of devel- capacity for consciousness is assembled during develop-
Experts in technology oping appropriate computing An argument that in ment out of a variety of onto-
and medicine use tools and information technol- response to sociocultural genetic adaptations that
diabetes to illustrate ogy, high costs, and the resist- pressures, human minds respond mostly to sociocultural
how the tools of develop self-conscious-
ance of some physicians and challenges specific to distinct
information technology ness by activating a
can improve patient care. nurses have hampered the complex machinery stages of childhood. Young
use of technology in health of self-regulation. human minds develop self-
care. In 2009, the U.S. government committed billions consciousness — in the broad
of dollars to health care technology. Many questions sense of being conscious of the self ’s mental and
remain, however, about how to deploy these resources. behavioral relatedness to the world — because they
In Health Informatics, experts in technology, joined face extraordinary and escalating sociocultural pressures
by clinicians, use diabetes — a costly, complex, and that cannot be handled without setting in motion a
widespread disease that involves nearly every facet of complex executive machinery of self-regulation under
the health care system — to examine the challenges of the guidance of an increasingly sophisticated intuitive
using the tools of information technology to improve psychology.
patient care. Bogdan argues that the sociocultural tasks and
Unlike other books on medical informatics that practices that children must assimilate and engage in
discuss such topics as computerized order entry and competently demand the development of an intuitive
digital medical records, Health Informatics focuses psychology (also known as theory of mind or mind
on the patient, charting the information problems reading); the intuitive psychology assembles a suite of
patients encounter in different stages of the disease. executive abilities (intending, controlling, monitoring,
We need both technologists and providers at the and so on) that install self-consciousness and drive its
drawing board in order to design and deploy effective development. Understanding minds, first the minds
digital tools for health care. This book examines and of others and then our own, drives the development
exemplifies this necessary collaboration. of self-consciousness, world-bound or extrovert at the
Barbara M. Hayes is Associate Dean for Administration beginning and later mind-bound or introvert. This
and Planning at Indiana University School of Informatics asymmetric development of the intuitive psychology
at Indiana University–Purdue University Indianapolis. drives a commensurate asymmetric development of
William Aspray is Bill and Lewis Suit Professor of Information
Technologies in the School of Information at the University of self-consciousness.
Texas at Austin. He is the coeditor of Women and Information
Technology: Research on Underrepresentation (2006) and The Radu J. Bogdan is Professor of Philosophy and Cognitive
Internet and American Business (2008), both published by Science and Director of the Cognitive Studies Program at
the MIT Press. Tulane University and Visiting Professor of Philosophy and
Psychology at Bilkent University, Ankara, Turkey. He is the
author of Interpreting Minds (MIT Press, 1997) and other
October — 7 x 9, 384 pp. — 45 illus. books.
$40.00S/£29.95 cloth
978-0-262-01432-8 October — 6 x 9, 216 pp.
$32.00S/£23.95 cloth
978-0-262-02637-6
A Bradford Book

74 Fall 2010 mitpress.mit.edu


PROFESSIONAL
philosophy of mind/cognitive science

THE NEW SCIENCE OF THE MIND


From Extended Mind to Embodied Phenomenology
Mark Rowlands
An investigation into the
There is a new way of thinking about the mind that does not locate mental conceptual foundations of a
processes exclusively “in the head.” Some think that this expanded conception new way of thinking about the
of the mind will be the basis of a new science of the mind. In this book, leading mind that does not locate all
cognition “in the head.”
philosopher Mark Rowlands investigates the conceptual foundations of this
new science.
Traditional attempts to study the mind are based on the idea that mental
October
processes — perceiving, remembering, thinking, reasoning — exist in brains; 6 x 9, 248 pp.
they are often described as “software” realized by the “hardware” of the brain.
$35.00S/£25.95 cloth
The new way of thinking about the mind has emerged from the confluence of 978-0-262-01455-7
various disciplines in cognitive science ranging from perceptual and developmen-
A Bradford Book
tal psychology to robotics. It emphasizes the ways in which mental processes
are embodied (partly made up of extra-neural bodily structures and processes),
embedded (designed to function in tandem with the environment), enacted
(constituted in part by action), and extended (located in the environment).
The new way of thinking about the mind, Rowlands writes,
is actually an old way of thinking that has taken on new form.
Rowlands describes a conception of mind that had its clearest
expression in phenomenology — in the work of Husserl,
Heidegger, Sartre, and Merleau-Ponty. He builds on these
views, clarifies and renders consistent the ideas of embodied,
embedded, enacted, and extended mind, and develops a unified
philosophical treatment of the novel conception of the mind
that underlies the new science of the mind.
Mark Rowlands is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Miami.
He is the author of The Body in Mind: Understanding Cognitive Processes,
Body Language: Representation in Action (MIT Press, 2006),
The Philosopher and the Wolf, and other books.

mitpress.mit.edu Fall 2010 75


PROFESSIONAL
philosophy of mind/cognitive science philosophy

ENACTION CAUSING HUMAN ACTIONS


Toward a New Paradigm for Cognitive Science New Perspectives on the
edited by John Stewart, Olivier Gapenne, and Causal Theory of Action
Ezequiel A. Di Paolo edited by Jesús H. Aguilar and
Andrei A. Buckareff
This book presents the framework for a new, compre-
hensive approach to cognitive science. The proposed The causal theory of action (CTA) is widely recognized
paradigm, enaction, offers an alternative to cognitive in the literature of the philosophy of action as the “stan-
science’s classical, first-genera- dard story” of human action
A comprehensive Leading figures
presentation of an tion Computational Theory working in the and agency — the nearest
approach that proposes a of Mind (CTM). Enaction, philosophy of action approximation in the field to
new account of cognition first articulated by Varela, debate foundational a theoretical orthodoxy. This
at levels from the issues relating to the
Thompson, and Rosch in The volume brings together leading
cellular to the social. causal theory of action.
Embodied Mind (MIT Press, figures working in action the-
1991), breaks from CTM’s formalisms of information ory today to discuss issues
processing and symbolic representations to view cogni- relating to the CTA and its applications, which range
tion as grounded in the sensorimotor dynamics of the from experimental philosophy to moral psychology.
interactions between a living organism and its environ- Some of the contributors defend the theory while
ment. A living organism enacts the world it lives in; its others criticize it; some draw from historical sources
embodied action in the world constitutes its perception while others focus on recent developments; some rely
and thereby grounds its cognition. Enaction offers a on the tools of analytic philosophy while others cite
range of perspectives on this exciting new approach to the latest empirical research on human action. All
embodied cognitive science. agree, however, on the centrality of the CTA in the
Some chapters offer manifestos for the enaction philosophy of action.
paradigm; others address specific areas of research, The contributors first consider metaphysical issues,
including artificial intelligence, developmental psychol- then reasons-explanations of action, and, finally, new
ogy, neuroscience, language, phenomenology, and cul- directions for thinking about the CTA. They discuss
ture and cognition. Three themes emerge as testimony such topics as the tenability of some alternatives to
to the originality and specificity of enaction as a para- the CTA; basic causal deviance; the etiology of action;
digm: the relation between first-person lived experi- teleologism and anticausalism; and the compatibility
ence and third-person natural science; the ambition to of the CTA with theories of embodied cognition. Two
provide an encompassing framework applicable at lev- contributors engage in an exchange of views on inten-
els from the cell to society; and the difficulties of tional omissions that stretches over four essays, directly
reflexivity. Taken together, the chapters offer nothing responding to each other in their follow-up essays.
less than the framework for a far-reaching renewal of As the action-oriented perspective becomes more
cognitive science. influential in philosophy of mind and philosophy of
cognitive science, this volume offers a long-needed
John Stewart is a Scientific Consultant and Olivier Gapenne
is Assistant Professor at the University of Technology of debate over foundational issues.
Compiègne, France. Ezequiel A. Di Paolo is Ikerbasque Research
Professor at the University of the Basque Country, Spain. Jesús H. Aguilar is Associate Professor of Philosophy at
Rochester Institute of Technology. Andrei A. Buckareff is
Assistant Professor of Philosophy at Marist College.
January — 6 x 9, 472 pp. — 31 illus.
$40.00S/£29.95 cloth October — 6 x 9, 336 pp. — 2 illus.
978-0-262-01460-1
$35.00S/£25.95 paper
A Bradford Book 978-0-262-51476-7
$70.00S/£51.95 cloth
978-0-262-01456-4
A Bradford Book

76 Fall 2010 mitpress.mit.edu


PROFESSIONAL
philosophy of science philosophy

BACK IN PRINT ACTION, ETHICS, AND


DISCOVERING COMPLEXITY RESPONSIBILITY
Decomposition and Localization as edited by Joseph Keim Campbell,
Strategies in Scientific Research Michael O’Rourke, and Harry S. Silverstein
William Bechtel and Robert C. Richardson
Most philosophical explorations of responsibility dis-
In Discovering Complexity, William Bechtel and Robert cuss the topic solely in terms of metaphysics and the
Richardson examine two heuristics that guided the “free will” problem. By contrast, these essays by leading
development of mechanistic philosophers view responsibil-
An analysis of two Leading philosophers
heuristic strategies models in the life sciences: explore responsibility ity from a variety of perspec-
for the development decomposition and localiza- from a variety of tives — metaphysics, ethics,
of mechanistic models, tion. Drawing on historical perspectives, including action theory, and the philoso-
illustrated with metaphysics, action
cases from disciplines including phy of law. After a broad,
historical examples theory, and philosophy
from the life sciences. cell biology, cognitive neuro- of law. framing introduction by the
science, and genetics, they volume’s editors, the contribu-
identify a number of “choice points” that life scientists tors consider such subjects as responsibility as it relates
confront in developing mechanistic explanations and to the “free will” problem; the relation between respon-
show how different choices result in divergent explana- sibility and knowledge or ignorance; the relation
tory models. Describing decomposition as the attempt between causal and moral responsibility; the difference,
to differentiate functional and structural components if any, between responsibility for actions and responsi-
of a system and localization as the assignment of bility for omissions; the metaphysical requirements for
responsibility for specific functions to specific struc- making sense of “collective” responsibility; and the
tures, Bechtel and Richardson examine the usefulness relation between moral and legal responsibility.
of these heuristics as well as their fallibility — the Taken together, the essays in Action, Ethics, and
sometimes false assumption underlying them that Responsibility offer a breadth of perspectives that is
nature is significantly decomposable and hierarchically unmatched by other treatments of the topic.
organized.
When Discovering Complexity was originally pub- CONTRIBUTORS Joseph Keim Campbell, David Chan,
Randolph Clarke, E. J. Coffman, John Martin Fischer, Helen Frowe,
lished in 1993, few philosophers of science perceived Todd Jones, Frances Kamm, Antti Kauppinen, Alfred R. Mele,
the centrality of seeking mechanisms to explain phe- Michael O’Rourke, Paul Russell, Robert F. Schopp, George Sher,
nomena in biology, relying instead on the model of Harry S. Silverstein, Saul Smilansky, Donald Smith, Charles T. Wolfe

nomological explanation advanced by the logical


Joseph Keim Campbell is Associate Professor in the
positivists (a model Bechtel and Richardson found to Department of Philosophy at Washington State University.
be utterly inapplicable to the examples from the life Michael O’Rourke is Professor in the Department of Philosophy
at the University of Idaho. Harry S. Silverstein is Professor
sciences in their study). Since then, mechanism and Emeritus in the Department of Philosophy at Washington
mechanistic explanation have become widely discussed. State University. Campbell, O’Rourke, and Silverstein are coed-
itors of three previous volumes in the Topics in Contemporary
In a substantive new introduction to this MIT Press Philosophy series, Causation and Explanation (2007),
edition of their book, Bechtel and Richardson examine Knowledge and Skepticism (2010), and Time and Identity
both philosophical and scientific developments in (2010), all published by the MIT Press.
research on mechanistic models since 1993.
October — 6 x 9, 304 pp. — 1 illus.
William Bechtel is Professor of Philosophy at the University of
California, San Diego. He is the author of Mental Mechanisms: $32.00/£24.95 paper
Philosophical Perspectives on Cognitive Neuroscience and other 978-0-262-51484-2
books. Robert C. Richardson is Charles Phelps Taft Professor of
$64.00S/£47.95 cloth
Philosophy and a University Distinguished Research Professor
978-0-262-01473-1
at the University of Cincinnati. He is the author of Evolutionary
Psychology as Maladapted Psychology (MIT Press, 2007). Both Topics in Contemporary Philosophy
are Fellows of the American Association for the Advancement
of Science. A Bradford Book

September — 6 x 9, 344 pp. — 33 illus.


$27.00S/£19.95 paper
978-0-262-51473-6
mitpress.mit.edu Fall 2010 77
PROFESSIONAL
new media/technology computer music

VOICE DESIGNING SOUND


Vocal Aesthetics in Digital Arts and Media Andy Farnell
edited by Norie Neumark, Ross Gibson, and Designing Sound teaches students and professional
Theo Van Leeuwen sound designers to understand and create sound effects
Voice has returned to both theoretical and artistic agen- starting from nothing. Its thesis is that any sound can
das. In the digital era, techniques and technologies of be generated from first principles, guided by analysis
voice have provoked insistent questioning of the dis- and synthesis. The text takes a practitioner’s perspective,
Perspectives on the voice
tinction between the human A practitioner’s guide to exploring the basic principles
and technology, from voice and the voice of the the basic principles of of making ordinary, everyday
discussions of voice machine, between genuine and creating sound effects sounds using an easily accessed
mail and podcasts to synthetic affect, between the using easily accessed
free software. Readers use the
reflections on dance free software.
and sound poetry.
uniqueness of an individual Pure Data (Pd) language to
voice and the social and construct sound objects, which are more flexible and
cultural forces that shape it. This volume offers useful than recordings. Sound is considered as a
interdisciplinary perspectives on these topics from process, rather than as data — an approach sometimes
history, philosophy, cultural theory, film, dance, known as “procedural audio.” Procedural sound is a liv-
poetry, media arts, and computer games. ing sound effect that can run as computer code and be
Chapters cover such technologies as voice mail, changed in real time according to unpredictable events.
podcasting, and digital approximations of the human Applications include video games, film, animation, and
voice. A number of authors explore the performance, media in which sound is part of an interactive process.
performativity, and authenticity; while others examine The book takes a practical, systematic approach
more immaterial concerns — the voice’s often-invoked to the subject, teaching by example and providing
magical powers, the ghostliness of disembodied voices, background information that offers a firm theoretical
and posthuman vocalization. The chapters evoke an context for its pragmatic stance. After mastering the
often paradoxical reassertion of the human in the use techniques presented in Designing Sound, students
of voice in mainstream media including recorded will be able to build their own sound objects for use
music, films, and computer games. in interactive applications and other projects.
CONTRIBUTORS Mark Amerika, Isabelle Arvers, Andy Farnell has a degree in Computer Science and Electronic
Giselle Beiguelman, Philip Brophy, Ross Gibson, Brandon LaBelle, Engineering from University College London and now special-
Thomas Levin, Helen Macallan, Virginia Madsen, Meredith Morse, izes in digital audio signal processing. He has worked as a
Norie Neumark, Andrew Plain, John Potts, Theresa M. Senft, sound effects programmer for BBC radio and television and as
Nermin Saybasili, Amanda Stewart, Axel Stockburger, a programmer on server-side applications for product search
and data storage.
Michael Taussig, Martin Thomas, Theo Van Leeuwen, Mark Wood

Norie Neumark is Associate Professor of Media Arts and October — 7 x 9, 690 pp. — 532 illus.
Production at University of Technology, Sydney, and a sound $50.00S/£37.95 cloth
and media artist. She is the coeditor (with Annemarie 978-0-262-01441-0
Chandler) of At a Distance: Precursors to Art and Activism
on the Internet (MIT Press, 2005). Ross Gibson is Professor
of Contemporary Art, Sydney College of the Arts, University
of Sydney. Theo Van Leeuwen is Professor of Media and
Communication at University of Technology, Sydney.

August — 6 x 9, 440 pp. — 20 illus.


$40.00S/£29.95 cloth
978-0-262-01390-1
A Leonardo Book

78 Fall 2010 mitpress.mit.edu


PROFESSIONAL
computer music computer science/color science

THE AUDIO PROGRAMMING BOOK COLOR FOR THE SCIENCES


edited by Richard Boulanger and Victor Lazzarini Jan Koenderink
foreword by Max Mathews Color for the Sciences is the first book on colorimetry to
This comprehensive handbook of mathematical and offer an account that emphasizes conceptual and formal
programming techniques for audio signal processing issues rather than applications. Jan Koenderink’s intro-
will be an essential reference for all computer musicians, ductory text treats colorimetry — literally, “color meas-
computer scientists, engineers, and anyone interested in urement” — as a science, freeing the topic from the
An encyclopedic
audio. Designed to be used by A comprehensive usual fixation on conventional
handbook on audio readers with varying levels of introduction to praxis and how to get the
programming for students programming expertise, it not colorimetry from a “right” result. Readers of Color
and professionals, with conceptual perspective.
many cross-platform only provides the foundations for the Sciences will learn to
open source examples for music and audio develop- rethink concepts from the roots in order to reach a
and a DVD covering
advanced topics. ment but also tackles issues broader, conceptual understanding.
that sometimes remain myste- After a brief account of the history of the discipline
rious even to experienced software designers. Exercises (beginning with Isaac Newton) and a chapter titled
and copious examples (all cross-platform and based on “Colorimetry for Dummies,” the heart of the book
free or open source software) make the book ideal for covers the main topics in colorimetry, including the
classroom use. space of beams, achromatic beams, edge colors, opti-
Fifteen chapters and eight appendixes cover such mum colors, color atlases, and spectra. Other chapters
topics as programming basics for C and C++ (with cover more specialized topics, including implementa-
music-oriented examples), audio programming basics tions, metrics pioneered by Schrödinger and Helmholtz,
and more advanced topics, spectral audio program- and extended color space.
ming; programming Csound opcodes, and algorithmic Color for the Sciences can be used as a reference for
synthesis and music programming. Appendixes cover professionals or in a formal introductory course on
topics in compiling, audio and MIDI, computing, and colorimetry. It will be especially useful both for those
math. An accompanying DVD provides an additional working with color in a scientific or engineering con-
40 chapters, covering musical and audio programs with text who find the standard texts lacking and for profes-
micro-controllers, alternate MIDI controllers, video sionals and students in image engineering, computer
controllers, developing Apple Audio Unit plug-ins graphics, and computer science.
from Csound opcodes, and audio programming for Jan Koenderink was Professor of Physics at Utrecht University
the iPhone. for many years. He is currently a Research Fellow at Delft
University of Technology and Visiting Professor at MIT and
Richard Boulanger is Professor of Electronic Production and École National Supérieure Paris. He is the author of Solid
Design at the Berklee College of Music and editor of The Shape (MIT Press, 1990).
Csound Book: Perspectives in Software Synthesis, Sound Design,
Signal Processing, and Programming (MIT Press, 2000). Victor
Lazzarini is Senior Lecturer in the Music Department and September — 8 x 9, 760 pp. — 916 color illus.
Director of the Music Technology Laboratory at the National
$70.00S/£51.95 cloth
University of Ireland, Maynooth.
978-0-262-01428-1

November — 8 x 9, 984 pp. — 96 illus.


$60.00S/£44.95 cloth
978-0-262-01446-5

mitpress.mit.edu Fall 2010 79


PROFESSIONAL
new media/philosophy technology/education

WIRELESSNESS INSTRUCTION AND TECHNOLOGY


Radical Empiricism in Network Cultures Designs for Everyday Learning
Adrian Mackenzie Brad Mehlenbacher
How has wirelessness — being connected to objects The perpetual connectivity made possible by twenty-
and infrastructures without knowing exactly how or first-century technology has profoundly affected
where — become a key form of contemporary experi- instruction and learning. Emerging technologies that
ence? Stretching across routers, smart phones, netbooks, upend traditional notions of communication and com-
An account of the cities, towers, Guangzhou A rigorous multidiscipli- munity also influence the
sensations associated workshops, service agreements, nary analysis of the ways we design and evaluate
with being entangled toys, and states, wireless tech- influence of emerging instruction and how we
with wireless technolo- technologies on instruc-
nologies have brought with understand learning and
gies that draws on the tion and learning that
philosophical techniques them sensations of change, lays the groundwork for learning environments. In
of William James’s proximity, movement, and future inquiry. Instruction and Technology,
radical empiricism. divergence. In Wirelessness, Brad Mehlenbacher offers
Adrian Mackenzie draws on a detailed, multidisciplinary analysis of the dynamic
philosophical techniques from a century ago to make relationship between technology and learning.
sense of this most contemporary postnetwork condi- Mehlenbacher describes how today’s ubiquitous
tion. The radical empiricism associated with the prag- technology conflates our once separated learning
matist philosopher William James, Mackenzie argues, worlds — work, leisure, and higher educational spaces.
offers fresh ways for matching the disordered flow of He reviews the ongoing cross-disciplinary conversation
wireless networks, meshes, patches, and connections about learning with technology and distance education
with felt sensations. and examines a dozen models of instruction and
For Mackenzie, entanglements with things, gadgets, learning with technology drawn from peer-reviewed
infrastructures, and services — tendencies, fleeting research. Taking an integrative perspective toward
nuances, and peripheral shades of often barely regis- design, Mehlenbacher offers a framework for everyday
tered feeling that cannot be easily codified, symbolized, instructional situations, describing five interdependent
or quantified — mark the experience of wirelessness, dimensions: learner background and knowledge, learner
and this links directly to James’s expanded conception tasks and activities, social dynamics, instructor activities,
of experience. “Wirelessness” designates a tendency to and learning environment and artifacts.
make network connections in different times and The technologies that distribute today’s classroom
places using these devices and services. Equally, it across time and space call for a new discussion about
embodies a sensibility attuned to the proliferation of what we value in the traditional classroom. With
devices and services that carry information through Instruction and Technology Mehlenbacher lays the
radio signals. Above all, it means heightened aware- groundwork for the long-term multidisciplinary
ness of ongoing change and movement associated with investigation that will be required as researchers and
networks, infrastructures, location, and information. practitioners shape and extend the boundaries of this
The experience of wirelessness spans several strands emerging field.
of media-technological change, and Mackenzie moves Brad Mehlenbacher is Associate Professor of Distance Learning
from wireless cities through signals, devices, networks, in the Leadership, Policy, Adult and Higher Education
maps, and products, to the global belief in the expan- Department, Primary Faculty Member with Human Factors
and Ergonomics in the Psychology Department, Affiliated
sion of wireless worlds. Faculty Member with Communication, Rhetoric, and Digital
Media in the English and Communication Departments, and
Adrian Mackenzie is Reader and Codirector at the Centre for Affiliated Faculty Member with the Digital Games Research
Science Studies at Lancaster University, U.K. Center in the Computer Science Department at North Carolina
State University.
November — 6 x 9, 256 pp. — 18 illus.
$32.00S/£23.95 cloth September — 7 x 9, 504 pp. — 26 illus.
978-0-262-01464-9 $35.00S/£25.95 cloth
978-0-262-01394-9

80 Fall 2010 mitpress.mit.edu


PROFESSIONAL
game studies information science/political science/social science

KOREA’S ONLINE GAMING EMPIRE PEER PARTICIPATION AND SOFTWARE


Dal Yong Jin What Mozilla Has to Teach Government
In South Korea, online gaming is a cultural phenome- David R. Booth
non. Games are broadcast on television, professional To maintain and improve the Firefox browser, the
gamers are celebrities, and youth culture is often identi- Mozilla Foundation depends not only on its team of
fied with online gaming. Uniquely in the online games professional programmers and managers but also on a
market, Korea not only dominates the local market network of volunteer technologists and enthusiasts who
The rapid growth of but has also made its mark An examination contribute their expertise. In
the Korean online game globally. In Korea’s Online of Mozilla’s unique this MacArthur Foundation
industry, viewed in Gaming Empire, Dal Yong Jin approach to software Report, David Booth examines
social, cultural, and development.
examines the rapid growth of the Mozilla Foundation’s
economic contexts.
this industry from a political success at organizing large-scale participation in the
economy perspective, discussing it in social, cultural, development of its software and considers whether
and economic terms. Mozilla’s approach can be transferred to government
Korea has the largest percentage of broadband and civil society.
subscribers of any country in the world, and Koreans David R. Booth is Creative Writing Professor in the MFA in
spend increasing amounts of time and money on Writing Program at the University of San Francisco.
Internet-based games. Online gaming has become a
mode of socializing — a channel for human relation- July — 5 3/8 x 8, 112 pp.
ships. The Korean online game industry has been a $14.00S/£10.95 paper
pioneer in software development and eSports (elec- 978-0-262-51461-3
tronic sports and leagues). Jin discusses the policies of
media
the Korean government that encouraged the develop-
ment of online gaming both as a cutting-edge business KIDS AND CREDIBILITY
and as a cultural touchstone; the impact of economic An Empirical Examination of Youth, Digital
globalization; the relationship between online games Media Use, and Information Credibility
and Korean society; and the future of the industry. He Andrew J. Flanagin and Miriam J. Metzger
examines the rise of Korean online games in the global with Ethan Hartsell, Alex Markov, Ryan Medders,
marketplace, the emergence of eSport as a youth cul- Rebekah Pure, and Elisia Sim
ture phenomenon, the working conditions of profes- How well do children navigate the ocean of information
sional gamers, the role of game fans as consumers, how that is available online? The enormous variety of Web-
Korea’s local online game industry has become global, based resources represents both opportunities and
and whether these emerging firms have challenged the Findings from a challenges for Internet-savvy
West’s dominance in global markets. survey of youthful kids, offering extraordinary
Dal Yong Jin is Associate Professor at KAIST (Korea Advanced
Internet users. potential for learning and social
Institute of Science and Technology). connection but little guidance on assessing the reliabil-
ity of online information. This report summarizes the
November — 6 x 9, 208 pp. — 1 illus. first large-scale survey to examine children’s online
$30.00S/£22.95 cloth information-seeking strategies and their beliefs about
978-0-262-01476-2 the credibility of that information.
Andrew Flanagin is Professor and Miriam J. Metzger is
Associate Professor in the Department of Communication at
the University of California, Santa Barbara.

August — 5 3/8 x 8, 154 pp. — 45 illus.


$14.00S/£10.95 paper
978-0-262-51475-0

The John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation Reports


on Digital Media and Learning

mitpress.mit.edu Fall 2010 81


PROFESSIONAL
neuroscience

NETWORKS OF THE BRAIN


Olaf Sporns
An integrative overview
Over the last decade, the study of complex networks has expanded across diverse
of network approaches to scientific fields. Increasingly, science is concerned with the structure, behavior,
neuroscience explores the and evolution of complex systems ranging from cells to ecosystems. Modern net-
origins of brain complexity. work approaches are beginning to reveal fundamental principles of brain archi-
tecture and function, and in Networks of the Brain, Olaf Sporns describes how the
November integrative nature of brain function can be illuminated from a complex network
7 x 9, 375 pp. perspective. Highlighting the many emerging points of contact between neuro-
15 color illus., 100 black & white illus.
science and network science, the book serves to introduce network theory to neu-
$40.00S/£29.95 cloth
roscientists and neuroscience to those working on theoretical network models.
978-0-262-01469-4
Brain networks span the microscale of individual cells and synapses and the
macroscale of cognitive systems and embodied cognition. Sporns emphasizes
how networks connect levels of organization in the brain and how they link
structure to function. In order to keep the book accessible and focused on the
relevance to neuroscience of network approaches, he offers an informal and
nonmathematical treatment of the subject. After describing the basic concepts
of network theory and the fundamentals of brain connectivity, Sporns discusses
how network approaches can reveal principles of brain architecture. He describes
new links between network anatomy and function and investigates how networks
shape complex brain dynamics and enable adaptive neural computation. The
book documents the rapid pace of discovery and innovation while tracing the
historical roots of the field.
The study of brain connectivity has already opened new
avenues of study in neuroscience. Networks of the Brain offers a
synthesis of the sciences of complex networks and the brain
that will be an essential foundation for future research.
Olaf Sporns is Professor and Associate Chair in the Department of
Psychological and Brain Sciences, Adjunct Professor in the School of
Informatics and Computing, a member of the programs in Neuroscience
and Cognitive Science, and Head of the Computational Cognitive
Neuroscience Laboratory at Indiana University Bloomington.

82 Fall 2010 mitpress.mit.edu


PROFESSIONAL
neuroscience/philosophy neuroscience/vision

THE SELF-ORGANIZING SOCIAL MIND DYNAMIC FACES


John Bolender Insights from Experiments and Computation
foreword by Alan Page Fiske edited by Cristóbal Curio, Heinrich H. Bülthoff,
In The Self-Organizing Social Mind, John Bolender and Martin A. Giese
proposes a new explanation for the forms of social
foreword by Tomaso Poggio
relations. He argues that the core of social-relational The recognition of faces is a fundamental visual func-
cognition exhibits beauty — in the physicist’s sense of tion with importance for social interaction and commu-
the word, associated with sym- nication. Scientific interest in
A proposal that the State-of-the-art research
basic mental models metry. Bolender describes a on the perception facial recognition has increased
used to structure social fundamental set of patterns in of dynamic faces, a dramatically over the last
interaction result from topic of importance
interpersonal cognition, which to brain, cognitive, and decade. Researchers in such
self-organization in
account for the resulting struc- computational sciences. fields as psychology, neuro-
brain activity.
tures of social life in terms of physiology, and functional
their symmetries and the breaking of those symmetries. imaging have published more than 10,000 studies on
He further describes the symmetries of the four funda- face processing. Almost all of these studies focus on the
mental social relations as ordered in a nested series akin processing of static pictures of faces, however, with little
to what one finds in the formation of a snowflake or attention paid to the recognition of dynamic faces, faces
spiral galaxy. Symmetry breaking organizes the neural as they change over time — a topic in neuroscience that
activity generating the cognitive models that structure is also relevant for a variety of technical applications,
our social relationships. including robotics, animation, and human-computer
Bolender’s primary claim is that there exists a social interfaces. This volume offers a state-of-the-art, inter-
pattern generator analogous to the central pattern disciplinary overview of recent work on dynamic faces
generators associated with locomotion in many animal from both biological and computational perspectives.
species. Spontaneous symmetry breaking structures the The book offers neuroscientists and biologists an
activity of the social pattern generator just as it does in essential reference for designing new experiments, and
central pattern generators. provides computer scientists with knowledge that will
Bolender’s hypothesis that relational cognition help them improve technical systems for the recogni-
results from self-organization is entirely novel, distinct tion, processing, synthesizing, and animating of
from other theories that describe sociality in terms of dynamic faces.
evolution or environment. It presents a picture of Cristóbal Curio is a Senior Research Scientist specializing
social-relational cognition as resembling something in biologically motivated Machine Vision and Human
Perception and Heinrich H. Bülthoff is Professor and Director
inorganic. In doing so it reveals deep connections of the Perception, Cognition, and Action Department at the
among cognition, biology, and the inorganic world. Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics in Tübingen.
Martin A. Giese is Professor for Computational Sensorimotorics
John Bolender is Assistant Professor in the Department of at the Department of Cognitive Neurology, Hertie Institute for
Philosophy at Middle East Technical University, Ankara, Turkey, Clinical Brain Sciences and Center for Integrative Neuroscience,
and Visiting Fellow in Philosophy at Princeton University. at the University Clinic Tübingen.

September — 6 x 9, 208 pp. — 16 illus. October — 7 x 9, 288 pp. — 56 illus.


$32.00S/£23.95 cloth $40.00S/£29.95 cloth
978-0-262-01444-1 978-0-262-01453-3
A Bradford Book

mitpress.mit.edu Fall 2010 83


PROFESSIONAL
neuroscience/cognitive science neuroscience/humanities

BACK IN PRINT THE MEMORY PROCESS


VISION Neuroscientific and Humanistic Perspectives
A Computational Investigation into the Human edited by Suzanne Nalbantian, Paul M. Matthews,
Representation and Processing of Visual and James L. McClelland
Information
The Memory Process offers a groundbreaking, interdisci-
David Marr
plinary approach to the understanding of human mem-
with a new foreword by Shimon Ullman and
a new afterword by Tomaso Poggio ory, with contributions from both neuroscientists and
Available again, an The convergence
humanists. The first book to
David Marr’s posthumously link the neuroscientific study
influential book that of neuroscience,
offers a framework for published Vision (1982) influ- philosophy, art, music, of memory to the investigation
understanding visual enced a generation of brain and literature offers
perception and considers of memory in the humanities,
and cognitive scientists, inspir- valuable new insights
fundamental questions
into the study of memory.
it connects the latest findings
about the brain and ing many to enter the field. In in memory research with
its functions.
Vision, Marr describes a gen- insights from philosophy, literature, theater, art, music,
eral framework for understanding visual perception and and film.
touches on broader questions about how the brain and Chapters from the scientific perspective discuss
its functions can be studied and understood. both fundamental concepts and ongoing debates from
Researchers from a range of brain and cognitive sci- genetic and epigenetic approaches, functional neu-
ences have long valued Marr’s creativity, intellectual roimaging, connectionist modeling, dream analysis,
power, and ability to integrate insights and data from and neurocognitive studies. The humanist analyses
neuroscience, psychology, and computation. This MIT offer insights about memory from outside the labora-
Press edition makes Marr’s influential work available to tory — from novels, drama, visual art, and film. The
a new generation of students and scientists. chapters from the philosophical perspective serve as
In Marr’s framework, the process of vision constructs the bridge between science and the arts. The volume’s
a set of representations, starting from a description of sweeping introduction offers an integrative merging of
the input image and culminating with a description of neuroscientific and humanistic findings.
three-dimensional objects in the surrounding environ-
Suzanne Nalbantian is Professor of Comparative Literature
ment. A central theme, and one that has had far- at Long Island University and the author of Memory in
reaching influence in both neuroscience and cognitive Literature: From Rousseau to Neuroscience, Aesthetic
science, is the notion of different levels of analysis — Autobiography, and other books. Paul M. Matthews is Vice
President at GlaxoSmithKline in London, Professor of Clinical
in Marr’s framework, the computational level, the algo- Neurosciences at Imperial College, London, and the coauthor
rithmic level, and the hardware implementation level. of The Bard on the Brain: Understanding the Mind through
the Art of Shakespeare. James L. McClelland is Professor
Now, thirty years later, the main problems that of Psychology and Director of the Center for Mind, Brain,
occupied Marr remain fundamental open problems in and Computation at Stanford University. He is the coauthor
the study of perception. Vision provides inspiration for of Parallel Distributed Processing (1986) and Semantic
Cognition (2004), both published by the MIT Press.
the continuing efforts to integrate knowledge from
cognition and computation to understand vision and November — 6 x 9, 424 pp. — 4 color plates, 36 black & white illus.
the brain.
$35.00S/£25.95 cloth
David Courtnay Marr (1945–1980), one of the originators 978-0-262-01457-1
of the field of computational neuroscience, was Professor
of Psychology at MIT. Shimon Ullman is Samy and Ruth Cohn
Professor of Computer Science at the Weizmann Institute of
Science, Rehovot, Israel. Tomaso Poggio is Eugene McDermott
Professor in the Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences
at MIT. Both Ullman and Poggio worked with David Marr.

July — 7 x 9, 432 pp. — 150 illus.


$30.00S/£22.95 paper
978-0-262-51462-0

84 Fall 2010 mitpress.mit.edu


PROFESSIONAL
neuroscience neuroscience

AUDITORY NEUROSCIENCE DYNAMIC COORDINATION


Making Sense of Sound IN THE BRAIN
Jan Schnupp, Israel Nelken, and Andrew King From Neurons to Mind
Every time we listen — to speech, to music, to foot- edited by Christoph von der Malsburg,
steps approaching or retreating — our auditory percep- William A. Phillips, and Wolf Singer
tion is the result of a long chain of diverse and intricate A fundamental shift is occurring in neuroscience and
processes that unfold within the source of the sound related disciplines. In the past, researchers focused on
An integrated overview of itself, in the air, in our ears, An examination of functional specialization of
hearing and the interplay and, most of all, in our brains. how widely distributed the brain, discovering complex
of physical, biological, and specialized activities processing strategies based on
Hearing is an “everyday mira- of the brain are flexibly
and psychological
cle” that, despite its staggering and effectively convergence and divergence
processes underlying it.
complexity, seems effortless. coordinated. in slowly adapting anatomical
This book offers an integrated account of hearing in architectures. Yet for the brain to cope with ever-chang-
terms of the neural processes that take place in different ing and unpredictable circumstances, it needs strategies
parts of the auditory system. with richer interactive short-term dynamics. Recent
Because hearing results from the interplay of so research has revealed ways in which the brain effectively
many physical, biological, and psychological processes, coordinates widely distributed and specialized activities
the book pulls together the different aspects of hearing to meet the needs of the moment. This book explores
— including acoustics, the mathematics of signal pro- these findings, examining the functions, mechanisms,
cessing, the physiology of the ear and central auditory and manifestations of distributed dynamical coordina-
pathways, psychoacoustics, speech, and music — into a tion in the brain and mind across different species and
coherent whole. Additional resources for readers, stu- levels of organization.
dents, and instructors, including sound samples, color The book identifies three basic functions of
images, animations, self-test questions, and links, are dynamic coordination: contextual disambiguation,
available on the book’s Web site. dynamic grouping, and dynamic routing. It considers
Jan Schnupp is University Lecturer and Codirector of the
the role of dynamic coordination in temporally struc-
Auditory Neuroscience Research Group in the Department tured activity and explores these issues at different
of Physiology, Anatomy, and Genetics at Oxford University levels, from synaptic and local circuit mechanisms
and a Fellow of St. Peter’s College. Israel Nelken is
Associate Professor and Head of the Laboratory of Auditory to macroscopic system dynamics, emphasizing
Neurophysiology in the Department of Neurobiology in the their importance for cognition, behavior, and
Andrew Silberman Institute of Life Sciences at Hebrew
University of Jerusalem. Andrew King is Professor of psychopathology.
Neurophysiology, Wellcome Trust Principal Research Fellow, Christoph von der Malsburg is Professor and Senior Fellow at
and Codirector of the Auditory Neuroscience Research Group the Frankfurt Institute for Advanced Studies (FIAS). William
in the Department of Physiology, Anatomy, and Genetics A. Phillips is Emeritus Professor of Neuropsychology at the
at Oxford University and a Fellow of Merton College. University of Stirling and Adjunct Fellow of FIAS. Wolf Singer
is Director at the Max Planck Institute for Brain Research in
December — 7 x 9, 336 pp. — 117 illus. Frankfurt and Founding Director of both FIAS and the Ernst
Strüngmann Institute for Brain Research.
$40.00S/£29.95 cloth
978-0-262-11318-2
August — 6 x 9, 436 pp. — 22 color illus.
$40.00S/£29.95 cloth
978-0-262-01471-7
Strüngmann Forum Reports

mitpress.mit.edu Fall 2010 85


PROFESSIONAL
neuroscience/bioethics bioethics/philosophy of science

NEUROETHICS HUMANITY’S END


An Introduction with Readings Why We Should Reject Radical Enhancement
edited by Martha J. Farah Nicholas Agar
Neuroscience increasingly allows us to explain, predict, Proposals to make us smarter than the greatest geniuses
and even control aspects of human behavior. The ethi- or to add thousands of years to our life spans seem fit
cal issues that arise from these developments extend only for the spam folder or trash can. And yet this is
beyond the boundaries of conventional bioethics into what contemporary advocates of radical enhancement
Explores the ethical, philosophy of mind, psychol- An argument that offer in all seriousness. They
legal, and societal ogy, theology, public policy, achieving millennial life present a variety of technolo-
issues arising from and the law. This broader set of spans or monumental gies and therapies that will
brain imaging, intellects will destroy
concerns is the subject matter expand our capacities far
psychopharmacology, values that give meaning
and other new of neuroethics. In this book, to human lives. beyond what is currently
developments in leading neuroscientist Martha possible for human beings. In
neuroscience. Farah introduces the reader to Humanity’s End, Nicholas Agar argues against radical
the key issues of neuroethics, placing them in scientific enhancement, describing its destructive consequences.
and cultural context and presenting a carefully chosen Agar examines the proposals of four prominent
set of essays, articles, and excerpts from longer works radical enhancers: Ray Kurzweil, who argues that tech-
that explore specific problems in neuroethics from the nology will enable our escape from human biology;
perspectives of a diverse set of authors. Included are Aubrey de Grey, who calls for anti-aging therapies that
writings by such leading scientists, philosophers, and will achieve “longevity escape velocity”; Nick Bostrom,
legal scholars as Carl Elliot, Joshua Greene, Steven who defends the morality and rationality of enhance-
Hyman, Peter Kramer, and Elizabeth Phelps. Topics ment; and James Hughes, who envisions a harmonious
include the ethical dilemmas of cognitive enhancement; democracy of the enhanced and the unenhanced. Agar
issues of personality, memory and identity; the ability of argues that the outcomes of radical enhancement could
brain imaging to both persuade and reveal; the legal be darker than the rosy futures described by these
implications of neuroscience; and the many ways in thinkers. The most dramatic means of enhancing our
which neuroscience challenges our conception of what cognitive powers could in fact kill us; the radical exten-
it means to be a person. sion of our life span could eliminate experiences of
Martha J. Farah is Walter H. Annenberg Professor of Natural great value from our lives; and a situation in which
Sciences in the Department of Psychology at the University of some humans are radically enhanced and others are
Pennsylvania, where she directs the Center for Neuroscience not could lead to tyranny of posthumans over humans.
and Society. She is the author of Visual Agnosia (second
edition, 2004) and the coeditor (with Todd E. Feinberg) Nicholas Agar is Reader in Philosophy at Victoria University of
of Patient-Based Approaches to Cognitive Neuroscience Wellington, New Zealand.
(second edition, 2005), both published by the MIT Press.

October — 6 x 9, 224 pp.


August — 6 x 9, 400 pp. — 1 illus.
$32.00S/£23.95 cloth
$35.00S/£25.95 paper 978-0-262-01462-5
978-0-262-51460-6
Life and Mind series: Philosophical Issues in Biology and
$70.00S/£51.95 cloth Psychology
978-0-262-06269-5
A Bradford Book
Basic Bioethics series

86 Fall 2010 mitpress.mit.edu


PROFESSIONAL
linguistics

LINGUISTICS
An Introduction to Language and Communication
Sixth Edition
Adrian Akmajian, Richard A. Demers, Ann K. Farmer, and A new edition of a popular
introductory linguistics text,
Robert M. Harnish
thoroughly updated and revised,
This popular introductory linguistics text is unique for its integration of themes. with new material and
Rather than treat morphology, phonetics, phonology, syntax, and semantics as new examples.

completely separate fields, the book shows how they interact. It provides a sound
introduction to linguistic methodology while encouraging students to consider Available
why people are intrinsically interested in language — the ultimate puzzle of the 7 x 9, 648 pp.
88 illus.
human mind.
$45.00X/£34.95 paper
The text first addresses structural and interpretive parts of language, then
978-0-262-51370-8
takes a cognitive perspective and covers such topics as pragmatics, psychology
$75.00X/£55.95 cloth
of language, language acquisition, and language and the brain. For this sixth 978-0-262-01375-8
edition, all chapters have been revised.
The organization of the book gives instructors flexibility in designing their
courses. Chapters have numerous subsections with core material
presented first and additional material following as special top-
ics. The accompanying workbook supplements the text with
exercises drawn from a variety of languages. The goal is to teach
basic conceptual foundations of linguistics and the methods of
argumentation, justification, and hypothesis
testing within the field. By presenting the most fundamental
linguistics concepts in detail, the text allows students to get a
feeling for how real work in different areas of linguistics is done.
The late Adrian Akmajian was Professor of Linguistics at the University
of Arizona. Richard A. Demers is Professor Emeritus of the Department
of Linguistics at the University of Arizona. Ann K. Farmer is an
Information Engineer at Google. Robert M. Harnish is Professor
Emeritus of Philosophy and Linguistics at the University of Arizona.

“The sixth edition of Linguistics: An Introduction to Language


and Communication is a wonderful introductory textbook
for linguistics. The book is flexible enough to be used in both
introductory and more advanced survey courses by including
more advanced special topic sections and lengthy reference lists
for the interested student.”
— Susannah Levi, Department of Communicative Sciences
and Disorders, New York University A LINGUISTICS WORKBOOK
Companion to Linguistics, Sixth Edition
NEW MATERIAL IN THE SIXTH EDITION Ann K. Farmer and Richard A. Demers
• Updated examples
A Linguistics Workbook is a supplement
• New special topics section
to Linguistics: An Introduction, Sixth Edition
• New discussions of the minimalist
program, semantic minimalism, human that can also be used with other introductory
genetic relationships and historical and intermediate linguistics texts.
relationships among languages, Gricean
theories, experimental pragmatics, and July — 8 1/2 x 11, 306 pp. — 14 illus.
language acquisition $30.00X/£22.95 paper
978-0-262-51482-8

mitpress.mit.edu Fall 2010 87


PROFESSIONAL
linguistics linguistics

ARGUMENTS AS RELATIONS THE SYNTAX OF ADJECTIVES


John Bowers A Comparative Study
In Arguments as Relations, John Bowers proposes a Guglielmo Cinque
radically new approach to argument structure that has In The Syntax of Adjectives, Guglielmo Cinque offers
the potential to unify data from a wide range of differ- cross-linguistic evidence that adjectives have two sources.
ent language types in terms of a simple and universal Arguing against the standard view, and reconsidering
syntactic structure. In many ways, Bowers’s theory is the his own earlier analysis, Cinque proposes that adjectives
A radically new approach natural extension of three lead- A new analysis of enter the nominal phase either
to argument structure in ing ideas in the literature: the adjectives, supported by as “adverbial” modifiers to
the minimalist program. minimalist approach to Case comparative evidence. the noun or as predicates of
theory (particularly Chomsky’s reduced relative clauses. Some
idea that Case is assigned under the Agree function of his evidence comes from a systematic comparison
relation); the idea of introducing arguments in specifiers between Romance and Germanic languages. These two
of functional categories rather than in projections of language families differ with respect to the canonical
lexical categories; and the neo-Davidsonian approach to position taken by adjectives, which is prenominal in
argument structure represented in the work of Parsons Germanic and both pre- and postnominal in Romance.
and others. Bowers pulls together these strands in the Cinque shows that a simple N(oun)-raising analysis
literature and shapes them into a unified theory. encounters a number of problems, the primary one of
These ideas, together with certain basic assumptions which is its inability to express a fundamental general-
— notably the idea that the initial order of merge of ization governing the interpretation of pre- and post-
the three basic argument categories of Agent, Theme, nominal adjectives in the two language families. Cinque
and Affectee is just the opposite of what has been argues that N-raising as such should be abandoned in
almost universally assumed in the literature — lead favor of XP-raising — a conclusion also supported by
Bowers to a fundamental rethinking of argument evidence from other language families.
structure. He proposes that every argument is merged After developing this framework for analyzing the
as the specifier of a particular type of light verb cate- syntax of adjectives, Cinque applies it to the syntax of
gory and that these functional argument categories English and Italian adjectives. An appendix offers a
merge in bottom-to-top fashion in accordance with brief discussion of other languages that appear to dis-
a fixed Universal Order of Merge (UOM). In the hier- tinguish overtly between the two sources of adjectives.
archical structures that result from these operations, Guglielmo Cinque is Professor of Linguistics at the University
Affectee arguments will be highest, Theme arguments of Venice, where he is Director of the PhD Program in
next highest, and Agent arguments lowest — exactly Linguistics. He is the author of Types of Ā Dependencies
(MIT Press, 1990) and other books.
the opposite of the usual assumption.
John Bowers is Professor of Linguistics and Chair of the July — 6 x 9, 216 pp.
Linguistics Department at Cornell University.
$35.00S/£25.95 paper
978-0-262-51426-2
August — 6 x 9, 264 pp.
$70.00S/£51.95 cloth
$25.00S/£18.95 paper 978-0-262-01416-8
978-0-262-51433-0
Linguistic Inquiry Monographs 57
$50.00S/£37.95 cloth
978-0-262-01431-1
Linguistic Inquiry Monographs 58

88 Fall 2010 mitpress.mit.edu


PROFESSIONAL
linguistics linguistics

LOCALISM VERSUS GLOBALISM AGREEMENT AND HEAD MOVEMENT


IN MORPHOLOGY AND PHONOLOGY Clitics, Incorporation, and Defective Goals
David Embick Ian Roberts
In Localism versus Globalism in Morphology and In Agreement and Head Movement, Ian Roberts explores
Phonology, David Embick offers the first detailed the consequences of Chomsky’s conjecture that head-
examination of morphology and phonology from a movement is not part of the narrow syntax, the compu-
phase-cyclic point of view (that is, one that takes into tational system that relates the lexicon to the interfaces.
An argument that account recent developments An argument that, Unlike other treatments of the
patterns of allomorphy in Distributed Morphology contrary to Chomsky, subject that discard the con-
reveal that morphology and the Minimalist program) head-movement is part cept entirely, Roberts’s mono-
and phonology behave of the narrow syntax.
and the only recent detailed graph retains the core intuition
in a way that provides
evidence for a Localist treatment of allomorphy, a behind head-movement and examines to what extent it
theory of grammar. phenomenon that is central can be reformulated and rethought. Roberts argues that
to understanding how the the current conception of syntax must accommodate a
grammar of human language works. In addition to species of head-movement, although this operation dif-
making new theoretical proposals about morphology fers somewhat in technical detail and in empirical cov-
and phonology in terms of a cyclic theory, Embick erage from earlier understandings of it. He proposes
addresses a schism in the field between phonological that head-movement is part of the narrow syntax and
theories such as Optimality Theory and other (mostly that it applies where the goal of an Agree relation is
syntactic) theories such as those associated with the defective, in a sense that he defines.
Minimalist program. He presents sustained empirical Roberts argues that the theoretical status of head-
arguments that the Localist view of grammar associ- movement is very similar — in fact identical in various
ated with the Minimalist program (and Distributed ways — to that of XP-movement. Thus head-move-
Morphology in particular) is correct, and that the ment, like XP-movement, should be regarded as part
Globalism espoused by many forms of Optimality of narrow syntax exactly to the extent that XP-move-
Theory is incorrect. In the “derivational versus non- ment should be. If one aspect of minimalist theorizing
derivational” debate in linguistic theory, Embick’s argu- is to eliminate unnecessary distinctions, then Roberts’s
ments come down squarely on the derivational side. argument can be seen as eliminating the distinction
Determining how to make empirical comparisons between “heads” and “phrases” in relation to internal
between such large positions, and the different frame- merge (and therefore reducing the distinctions cur-
works that embody them, is at the heart of the book. rently made between internal and external merge).
Embick argues that patterns of allomorphy implicate Ian Roberts is Professor of Linguistics at Cambridge
general questions about locality and specific questions University.
about the manner in which (morpho)syntax relates to
(morpho)phonology. Allomorphy thus provides a cru- September — 6 x 9, 304 pp.
cial test case for comparing Localist and Globalist $30.00S/£22.95 paper
approaches to grammar. 978-0-262-51432-3
$60.00S/£44.95 cloth
David Embick is Associate Professor in the Department of
978-0-262-01430-4
Linguistics at the University of Pennsylvania.
Linguistic Inquiry Monographs 59
September — 6 x 9, 232 pp.
$35.00S/£25.95 paper
978-0-262-51430-9
$70.00S/£51.95 cloth
978-0-262-01422-9
Linguistic Inquiry Monographs 60

mitpress.mit.edu Fall 2010 89


PROFESSIONAL
robotics computer engineering

ROBOTICS SOCIAL MODELING FOR


Science and Systems V REQUIREMENTS ENGINEERING
edited by Jeff Trinkle, Yoky Matsuoka, and edited by Eric Yu, Paolo Giorgini, Neil Maiden,
Jose A. Castellanos and John Mylopoulos
Robotics: Science and Systems V spans a wide spectrum of Much of the difficulty in creating information technol-
robotics, bringing together researchers working on the ogy systems that truly meet people’s needs lies in the
foundations of robotics, robotics applications, and the problem of pinning down system requirements. This
State-of-the-art robotics
analysis of robotics systems. A novel perspective
book offers a new approach to
research on a range This volume presents the pro- on requirements the requirements challenge,
of topics. ceedings of the fifth annual engineering, founded based on modeling and analyz-
Robotics: Science and Systems on social concepts and ing the relationships among
strategic analysis of
conference, held in July 2009 at the University of relationships among stakeholders. Although the
Washington in Seattle. The papers presented cover a social actors. importance of the system-
range of topics, including manipulation, locomotion, environment relationship has
machine learning, localization, visual SLAM, haptics, long been recognized in the requirements engineering
and biologically inspired design. field, most requirements modeling techniques express
Jeff Trinkle is Professor of Computer Science at Rensselaer the relationship in mechanistic and behavioral terms.
Polytechnic Institute. Yoky Matsuoka is Torode Family This book describes a modeling approach (called the i*
Endowed Career Development Professor in Computer Science
and Engineering at the University of Washington in Seattle.
framework) that conceives of software-based informa-
Jose Castellanos is Associate Professor in the Department of tion systems as being situated in environments in which
Computer Science and Systems Engineering at the University social actors relate to each other in terms of goals to be
of Zaragoza, Spain.
achieved, tasks to be performed, and resources to be
October — 8 1/2 x 11, 500 pp. — 297 illus. furnished.
The book includes Eric Yu’s original proposal for
$75.00S/£55.95 paper
978-0-262-51463-7 the i* framework as well as research that applies,
adapts, extends, or evaluates the social modeling con-
cepts and approach.
Also available
Eric Yu is Associate Professor in the Faculty of Information
ROBOTICS at the University of Toronto. Paolo Giorgini is Assistant
Science and Systems I Professor in the Department of Information Engineering
edited by Sebastian Thrun, Gaurav S. Sukhatme, and Computer Science at the University of Trento, Italy.
and Stefan Schaal Neil Maiden is Professor of Systems Engineering and Head
2005, 978-0-262-70114-3 of the Centre for Human-Computer Interaction Design at
$75.00S/£55.95 paper City University, London. John Mylopoulos is Distinguished
Professor in the Department of Information Engineering
ROBOTICS and Computer Science at the University of Trento. He is
Science and Systems II the coeditor of Metamodeling for Method Engineering
edited by Gaurav S. Sukhatme, Stefan Schaal, (MIT Press, 2009).
Wolfram Burgard, and Dieter Fox
2007, 978-0-262-69348-6
January — 8 x 9, 760 pp. — 241 illus.
$75.00S/£55.95 paper
$65.00S/£48.95 cloth
ROBOTICS
978-0-262-24055-0
Science and Systems III
edited by Wolfram Burgard, Oliver Brock, Cooperative Information Systems series
and Cyrill Stachniss
2008, 978-0-262-52484-1
$80.00S/£59.95 paper
ROBOTICS
Science and Systems IV
edited by Oliver Brock, Jeff Trinkle,
and Fabio Ramos
2009, 978-0-262-51309-8
$75.00S/£55.95 paper

90 Fall 2010 mitpress.mit.edu


PROFESSIONAL
computer science computer engineering

INFORMATION RETRIEVAL CIRCUIT DESIGN AND


Implementing and Evaluating Search Engines SIMULATION WITH VHDL
Stefan Büttcher, Charles L. A. Clarke, and Second Edition
Gordon V. Cormack Volnei A. Pedroni
Information retrieval is the foundation for modern This text offers a comprehensive treatment of VHDL
search engines. This text offers an introduction to the and its applications to the design and simulation of
core topics underlying modern search technologies, real, industry-standard circuits. It focuses on the use of
An introduction to
including algorithms, data A presentation of circuit VHDL rather than solely on
information retrieval, structures, indexing, retrieval, synthesis and circuit the language, showing why and
the foundation for and evaluation. The emphasis simulation using VHDL how certain types of circuits
modern search engines, is on implementation and (including VHDL 2008),
are inferred from the language
that emphasizes with an emphasis on
implementation and
experimentation; each chapter design examples and constructs and how any of the
experimentation. includes exercises and sugges- laboratory exercises. four simulation categories can
tions for student projects. be implemented. It makes a
Wumpus — a multiuser open-source information- rigorous distinction between VHDL for synthesis and
retrieval system developed by one of the authors and VHDL for simulation. The VHDL codes in all design
available online — provides model implementations examples are complete, and circuit diagrams, physical
and a basis for student work. The modular structure of synthesis in FPGAs, simulation results, and explanatory
the book allows instructors to use it in a variety of grad- comments are included with the designs. The text
uate-level courses, including courses taught from a reviews fundamental concepts of digital electronics and
database systems perspective, traditional information design and includes a series of appendixes that offer
retrieval courses with a focus on IR theory, and courses tutorials on important design tools including ISE,
covering the basics of Web retrieval. Quartus II, and ModelSim, as well as descriptions of
After an introduction to the basics of information programmable logic devices in which the designs are
retrieval, the text covers three major topic areas — implemented, the DE2 development board, standard
indexing, retrieval, and evaluation — in self-contained VHDL packages, and other features. All four VHDL
parts. The final part of the book draws on and extends editions (1987, 1993, 2002, and 2008) are covered.
the general material in the earlier parts, treating such This expanded second edition is the first textbook
specific applications as parallel search engines, Web on VHDL to include a detailed analysis of circuit
search, and XML retrieval. End-of-chapter references simulation with VHDL testbenches in all four cate-
point to further reading; exercises range from pencil gories (nonautomated, fully automated, functional,
and paper problems to substantial programming proj- and timing simulations), accompanied by complete
ects. In addition to its classroom use, Information practical examples.
Retrieval will be a valuable reference for professionals Volnei A. Pedroni received his PhD in Electrical Engineering
in computer science, computer engineering, and soft- from the California Institute of Technology. He is Professor
ware engineering. of Electronics Engineering at Brazil’s Federal University of
Technology.
Stefan Büttcher is a Site Reliability Engineer at Google.
Charles L. A. Clarke and Gordon V. Cormack are Professors October — 7 x 9, 680 pp. — 305 illus.
of Computer Science at the University of Waterloo’s
David R. Cheriton School of Computer Science. $50.00S/£37.95 cloth
978-0-262-01433-5
September — 8 x 9, 632 pp. — 127 illus.
$55.00S/£40.95 cloth
978-0-262-02651-2

mitpress.mit.edu Fall 2010 91


PROFESSIONAL
economics/business

THE COMINGLED CODE


Open Source and Economic Development
The interaction of open source
Josh Lerner and Mark Schankerman
and proprietary software and Discussions of the economic impact of open source software often generate more
the implications for economic
heat than light. Advocates passionately assert the benefits of open source while
development.
critics decry its effects. Missing from the debate is rigorous economic analysis
and systematic economic evidence of the impact of open source on consumers,
October
firms, and economic development in general. This book fills that gap. In The
6 x 9, 264 pp.
17 illus. Comingled Code, Josh Lerner and Mark Schankerman, drawing on a new, large-
$35.00S/£25.95 cloth
scale database, show that open source and proprietary software interact in some-
978-0-262-01463-2 times unexpected ways, and discuss the policy implications of these findings.
The new data (from a range of countries in varying stages of development)
documents the mixing of open source and proprietary software: firms sell pro-
prietary software while contributing to open source, and users extensively mix
and match the two. Lerner and Schankerman examine the ways in which soft-
ware differs from other technologies in promoting economic development,
what motivates individuals and firms to contribute to open source projects, how
developers and users view the trade-offs between the two kinds of software, and
how government policies can ensure that open source competes effectively with
proprietary software and contributes to economic development.
Josh Lerner is Jacob H. Schiff Professor of Investment Banking at
Harvard Business School, with a joint appointment in the Finance and
Entrepreneurial Units. He is the author of The Boulevard of Broken
Dreams: Why Public Efforts to Boost Entrepreneurship and Venture
Capital Have Failed and What to Do About It. Mark Schankerman
is Professor of Economics and Research Associate at the Centre for
Economic Performance at the London School of Economics and Research
Fellow at the Centre for Economic Policy Research in London.

92 Fall 2010 mitpress.mit.edu


PROFESSIONAL
economics economics

PRODUCT VARIETY AND THE GAINS MACROECONOMIC ESSENTIALS


FROM INTERNATIONAL TRADE Understanding Economics in the News
Robert C. Feenstra Third Edition
Peter E. Kennedy
The application of the monopolistic competition model
to international trade by Elhanan Helpman, Paul This introductory text offers an alternative to the ency-
Krugman, and Kelvin Lancaster was one of the great clopedic, technically oriented approach taken by tradi-
achievements of international trade theory in the 1970s tional textbooks on macroeconomic principles. Concise
An examination of the and 1980s. Monopolistic com- A concise and non-
and nontechnical but rigorous,
methods to measure petition models have required technical but challenging its goal is not to teach students
the product variety of new empirical methods to introductory text that to shift curves on diagrams
imports and the gains emphasizes fundamental but to help them understand
from trade due to
implement their theoretical concepts and real-world
product variety. insights, however, and in this applications.
fundamental macroeconomic
book Robert Feenstra describes concepts and their real-world
methods that have been developed to measure the applications. It accomplishes this by providing a clear
product variety of imports and the gains from trade exposition of introductory macroeconomic theory along
that are due to product variety. with more than 700 one- or two-sentence “news clips”
Feenstra first considers the consumer benefits from of economics media coverage that serve as illustrations
having access to new import varieties of differentiated of the concepts discussed. Although the writing is
products, and examines a recent method to estimate accessible, end-of-chapter questions are challenging,
the elasticity of substitution (the extent of differentia- requiring a thorough understanding of related macro-
tion across products) and to use that information to economic concepts, problem-solving skills, and an abil-
construct the gains from import variety. He then ity to make connections to the real world. Students will
examines claims of producer benefit from export vari- learn practical macroeconomics and will be able to
ety, arguing that the self-selection of the more produc- interpret and evaluate media commentary on macroeco-
tive firms (as the low-productivity firms exit the nomics.
market) can be interpreted as a gain from product vari- This third edition has been revised and updated
ety. He makes use of a measurement of product variety throughout. New material covers the subprime mort-
known as the extensive margin of exports and imports. gage crisis and other subjects; new “curiosities” (boxed
Finally, he considers an alternative approach to quanti- expositions of important topics) have been added, as
fying the gains due to product variety by comparing have “news clips” about recent events; and the most
real GDP calculated with and without the extensive challenging end-of-chapter questions are now sepa-
margin of trade. rated from the less challenging. Many chapters include
a set of numerical exercises (quite different from those
Robert C. Feenstra is Professor of Economics and C. Bryan
Cameron Distinguished Chair in International Economics at the found in traditional texts); a sample exam question
University of California, Davis. He directs the International appears at the end of each section within a chapter;
Trade and Investment Program at the NBER and is the author
of Advanced International Trade: Theory and Evidence and and a test bank of multiple-choice questions (with
Offshoring in the Global Economy: Microeconomic Structure answers) is available online. Technical material appears
and Macroeconomic Implications (MIT Press, 2010). in appendixes following each chapter. Other appen-
dixes offer answers to the sample exam questions and
September — 6 x 9, 144 pp. — 20 illus.
the even-numbered end-of-chapter exercises.
$30.00S/£22.95 cloth
978-0-262-06280-0 Peter Kennedy is Professor Emeritus of Economics at Simon
Fraser University.
Zeuthen Lectures series
September — 8 x 9, 472 pp. — 50 illus.
$40.00S/£29.95 paper
978-0-262-51480-4
$70.00S/£51.95 cloth
978-0-262-01467-0

mitpress.mit.edu Fall 2010 93


PROFESSIONAL
economics economics

THE MINIMUM WAGE AND JAPAN’S BUBBLE, DEFLATION,


LABOR MARKET OUTCOMES AND LONG-TERM STAGNATION
Christopher J. Flinn edited by Anil K Kashyap, Koichi Hamada, and
David E. Weinstein
In The Minimum Wage and Labor Market Outcomes,
foreword by Kazumasa Iwata
Christopher Flinn argues that in assessing the effects of
the minimum wage (in the United States and else- Japan’s economic bubble burst in the early 1990s, and
where), a behavioral framework is invaluable for guid- the country entered its famous “lost decade” — a period
The introduction of a ing empirical work and the New perspectives on
of stagnation and economic
search and bargaining interpretation of results. Flinn Japan’s “lost decade” disruption that persisted until
model to assess the viewed in the context of 2003. The current declines in
welfare effects of
develops a job search and wage
recent financial turmoil. global equity and real estate
minimum wage changes bargaining model that is capa-
and to determine an ble of generating labor market markets have eerie parallels to
“optimal” minimum
wage. outcomes consistent with Japan’s economic woes of the 1990s. If we are to avoid
observed wage and unemploy- repeating Japan’s experience on a global scale, we must
ment duration distributions, and also can account for understand what happened, why it happened, and the
observed changes in employment rates and wages after effectiveness (or ineffectiveness) of Japan’s policy
a minimum wage change. Flinn uses previous studies choices. In this volume, prominent economists — Japan
from the minimum wage literature to demonstrate how specialists and others — bring state-of-the-art models
his model can be used to rationalize and synthesize the and analytic tools to bear on these questions.
diverse results found in widely varying institutional con- The essays generate new facts and new findings
texts. He also shows how observed wage distributions about Japan’s lost decade. The contributors offer
from before and after a minimum wage change can be forceful arguments showing that Japan’s experience,
used to determine if the change was welfare-improving. and the unconventional — sometimes unsuccessful —
More ambitiously, and perhaps controversially, Flinn measures adopted by Japan’s government and central
proposes the construction and formal estimation of the bank, offer valuable lessons for our post-boom world.
model using commonly available data; model estimates
CONTRIBUTORS Kenn Ariga, Robert Barsky, Diego Comin,
then enable the researcher to determine directly the wel- Robert Dekle, Kyoji Fukao, Koichi Hamada, Takeo Hoshi,
fare effects of observed minimum wage changes. This Ryo Kambayashi, Anil K Kashyap, Takao Kato, Satoshi Koibuchi,
Philip R. Lane, John Muellbauer, Keiko Murata, Maurice Obstfeld,
model can be used to conduct counterfactual policy
Ryosuke Okazawa, Joe Peek, Ulrike Schaede, David E. Weinstein
experiments — even to determine “optimal” minimum
wages under a variety of welfare metrics. Anil K Kashyap is Edward Eagle Brown Professor of Economics
The development of the model and the econometric and Finance and Richard N. Rossett Faculty Fellow at the
University of Chicago Booth School of Business. He is the
theory underlying its estimation are carefully presented coauthor of Corporate Financing and Governance in Japan:
so as to enable readers unfamiliar with the economet- The Road to the Future (MIT Press, 2001). Koichi Hamada
is Tuntex Professor of Economics at Yale University and the
rics of point process models and dynamic optimization author of The Political Economy of International Monetary
in continuous time to follow the arguments. Interdependence (MIT Press, 1985). David E. Weinstein is
Carl S. Shoup Professor of the Japanese Economy at Columbia
Christopher J. Flinn is Professor of Economics at New York University and the coeditor of Reviving Japan’s Economy:
University and Senior Research Fellow at Collegio Carlo Alberto Problems and Prescriptions (MIT Press, 2005).
in Moncalieri, Italy.

January — 6 x 9, 464 pp. — 133 illus.


January — 6 x 9, 344 pp. — 15 illus.
$40.00S/£29.95 cloth
$40.00S/£29.95 cloth 978-0-262-01489-2
978-0-262-01323-9

94 Fall 2010 mitpress.mit.edu


PROFESSIONAL
economics economics

POPULATION GAMES AND THE THEORY OF MONEY AND


EVOLUTIONARY DYNAMICS FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS
William H. Sandholm Volume 3
This text offers a systematic, rigorous, and unified pres- Martin Shubik
entation of evolutionary game theory, covering the core This is the third and last volume of Martin Shubik’s
developments of the theory from its inception in biol- exposition of his vision of “mathematical institutional
ogy in the 1970s through recent advances. Evolutionary economics” — a term he coined in 1959 to describe
A systematic, rigorous, game theory, which studies the The third and last the theoretical underpinnings
comprehensive, and behavior of large populations volume of a work needed for the construction of
unified overview of of strategically interacting aimed at providing an economic dynamics. The
evolutionary game the theoretical
theory.
agents, is used by economists underpinnings for an
goal is to develop a process-
to make predictions in settings economic dynamics. oriented theory of money and
where traditional assumptions about agents’ rationality financial institutions that rec-
and knowledge may not be justified. Recently, computer onciles micro- and macroeconomics, using strategic
scientists, transportation scientists, engineers, and con- market games and other game-theoretic methods.
trol theorists have also turned to evolutionary game There is as yet no general dynamic counterpart to the
theory, seeking tools for modeling dynamics in multia- elegant and mathematically well-developed static theory
gent systems. Population Games and Evolutionary of general equilibrium. Shubik’s paradigm serves as an
Dynamics provides a point of entry into the field for intermediate step between general equilibrium and full
researchers and students in all of these disciplines. dynamics. General equilibrium provides valuable insights
The text first considers population games, which on relationships in a closed friction-free economic
provide a simple, powerful model for studying strategic structure. Shubik aims to open up this limited structure
interactions among large numbers of anonymous to the rich environment of sociopolitical economy
agents. It then studies the dynamics of behavior in without dispensing with conceptual continuity.
these games. Ten substantial appendixes present the This volume considers the specific roles of financial
mathematical tools needed to work in evolutionary institutions and government, aiming to provide the
game theory, offering a practical introduction to the link between the abstract study of invariant economic
methods of dynamic modeling. Accompanying the text and financial functions and the ever-changing institu-
are more than 200 color illustrations of the mathemat- tions that provide these functions. The concept of
ics and theoretical results; many were created using the minimal financial institution is stressed as a means to
Dynamo software suite, which is freely available on the connect function with form in a parsimonious manner.
author’s Web site. Readers are encouraged to use Martin Shubik is Seymour Knox Professor of Mathematical
Dynamo to run quick numerical experiments and to Institutional Economics (Emeritus) at Yale University’s
create publishable figures for their own research. Cowles Foundation and School of Management. He is the
author of hundreds of scholarly articles and many books,
William H. Sandholm is Professor of Economics at the including Game Theory in the Social Sciences, volumes 1
University of Wisconsin–Madison. and 2 (MIT Press, 1982 and 1984) and the previous two
volumes of The Theory of Money and Financial Institutions
(MIT Press, 1999).
January — 7 x 9, 560 pp. — 188 color ilus.
$65.00S/£48.95 cloth January — 6 x 9, 672 pp. — 22 illus.
978-0-262-19587-4
$55.00S/£40.95 cloth
Economic Learning and Social Evolution series 978-0-262-01320-8

mitpress.mit.edu Fall 2010 95


PROFESSIONAL
economics economics

THE INDIRECT SIDE OF DIMENSIONS OF COMPETITIVENESS


DIRECT INVESTMENT edited by Paul De Grauwe
Multinational Company Finance and Taxation Competitiveness among nations is often approached
Jack M. Mintz and Alfons J. Weichenrieder as if it were a sports competition: some countries win
The recent increase in cross-border flows of foreign medals, others lose out. This view of countries fighting
direct investment has sharpened the research focus on it out in the economic arena is especially popular in
multinational taxation. In this book, taxation experts business circles and among politicians. Economists,
An examination of Jack Mintz and Alfons Leading economists however, take a very different
indirect finance Weichenrieder examine how analyze the multiple approach to international eco-
structures used multinational corporations use factors that drive nomic relations, arguing that
by multinational competitiveness
indirect financing structures — international trade leads not
corporations to among nations in
reduce their worldwide organizing themselves into world markets. to winners and losers but to
tax payments. groups with several tiers of win-win situations in which
ownership — to reduce world- all countries profit. In this volume, leading economists
wide taxes. They spell out in detail how different tax take on the sometimes-derided concept of competitive-
policies affect corporations’ choice of financing struc- ness, demonstrating the value of systematic analysis
tures, discussing the issues in both theoretical and in an area too often dominated by special interest
empirical terms. groups who use (and abuse) the concept to advance
Drawing on a unique data set (MiDi) on German hidden agendas.
multinationals provided by the Deutsche Bundesbank The chapters range from broad theoretical views to
in Frankfurt, Mintz and Weichenrieder confirm the case studies, examining the multiple factors that drive
prevalence of indirect financing structures for both competitiveness. Contributors consider the conceptual
outbound and inbound German investment. They find framework underlying the World Economic Forum’s
evidence of “treaty shopping” to avoid withholding approach to competitiveness; differences in per capita
taxes (using a third country with more favorable tax GDP between the United States and the European
rates as a conduit through which to route investments) Union; an integrated approach to measuring competi-
and of “debt shifting.” tiveness and comparative advantage; divergent trends
Mintz and Weichenrieder argue that increasing our in price and cost competitiveness in the euro area;
knowledge of the tax reasons behind conduit invest- methodological issues in constructing competitiveness
ment will lead to a better understanding of how tax indicators; taxation and international competitiveness;
policy can affect macroeconomic flows of capital in the and a case study of Mexico’s competitiveness in world
global economy. They review the trade-offs that gov- markets in comparison to China’s.
ernments face and discuss policy options, considering Paul De Grauwe is Professor of Economics at the Catholic
not only possible changes to corporate income tax pol- University of Leuven, the author of Economics of Monetary
Union, and editor of two previous books in the CESifo Seminar
icy but also the potential influence of international series published by the MIT Press, Exchange Rate Economics:
cooperation on countries’ domestic tax policy. Where Do We Stand? (2005) and (with Jacques Mélitz)
Prospects for Monetary Union after the Euro (2005).
Jack M. Mintz is Palmer Chair in Public Policy at the University
of Calgary’s School of Public Policy. He is the author of Most
Favoured Nation: Building a Framework for Smart Economic September — 6 x 9, 304 pp. — 46 illus.
Policy. Alfons J. Weichenrieder is Professor of Economics and $35.00S/£25.95 cloth
Public Finance at the University of Frankfurt and Research
978-0-262-01396-3
Professor at Ifo Institute Munich.
CESifo Seminar series
September — 6 x 9, 192 pp. — 35 illus.
$35.00S/£25.95 cloth
978-0-262-01449-6
CESifo Book series

96 Fall 2010 mitpress.mit.edu


PROFESSIONAL
economics economics/political science

REFORMING RULES INSTITUTIONAL MICROECONOMICS


AND REGULATIONS OF DEVELOPMENT
Laws, Institutions, and Implementation edited by Timothy Besley and Rajshri Jayaraman
edited by Vivek Ghosal The narrative of development economics is now infused
In recent years governments have paid increasing with discussions of institutions. Economists debate
attention to weighing the socioeconomic benefits of whether institutions — or other factors altogether
regulations against their costs. Rules and regulations (geography, culture, or religion) — are central to devel-
Experts examine governing economic activity Leading scholars opment. In this volume, lead-
how regulatory are typically formulated with examine political, ing scholars in development
and institutional a view to their benefits. Their legal, social, and market economics view institutions
environments affect the institutions through a
functioning of markets
effects on the costs and ineffi- microeconomic lens.
from a microeconomic per-
and propose reforms. ciencies, in particular the spective, offering both theoret-
possible chilling effects on ical overviews and empirical analyses spanning three
competition and innovation, have received limited continents.
attention. In this collection, experts from Europe, After substantial introductory chapters by Pranab
the United States, and Asia examine a range of issues Bardhan and Marcel Fafchamps, two scholars who
related to the effect of rules and regulations on compe- have published important work on this topic, each of
tition, and explore the role of key institutions that affect the remaining chapters examines a particular set of
market outcomes. Their contributions argue for using institutions in a unique setting. These chapters treat
quantitative methods to guide policy and reform rules the effects of Angola’s violent conflict on that country’s
and regulation, and many of the essays offer method- development; institutional accountability in Uganda;
ologies for assessment and recommendations for the effect of Indonesia’s ethnic diversity on the distri-
policy alternatives. bution of public goods; the impact of trade liberaliza-
Topics covered include the effectiveness of R&D tion on India’s investment climate; extended family
tax incentives in OECD countries; the adverse effect networks in Mexico; and a microeconomic perspective
of EU climate policy on competitiveness; telecommu- on land rights in Ethiopia.
nication regulation in the developing countries of The chapters demonstrate the remarkable hetero-
India, China, and Sri Lanka; the role of banks in fos- geneity of institutions — policy change is mediated
tering small and medium enterprises in Argentina and through local market institutions, government institu-
Chile; the evolution of the U.S. Federal Home Loan tions, and families — as well as the empirical and
Bank (FHLB) System; and developing quantitative methodological ingenuity of current research into this
screening tools to assess which sectors in the economy crucial topic.
might benefit most from regulatory reforms. Timothy Besley is Kuwait Professor of Economics and
Political Science and Director of STICERD (Suntory and Toyota
Vivek Ghosal is Professor of Economics at Georgia Institute of
International Centres for Economics and Related Disciplines)
Technology and coeditor of The Political Economy of Antitrust.
at the London School of Economics. He is the author of
Principled Agents? The Political Economy of Good Government.
December — 6 x 9, 312 pp. — 41 illus. Rajshri Jayaraman is Assistant Professor at the European
School of Management and Technology, Berlin.
$35.00S/£25.95 cloth
978-0-262-01468-7
September — 6 x 9, 256 pp. — 14 illus.
CESifo Seminar series
$35.00S/£25.95 cloth
978-0-262-01406-9
CESifo Seminar series

mitpress.mit.edu Fall 2010 97


PROFESSIONAL
international security/political science environment/political science

CONTENDING WITH TERRORISM INSTITUTIONAL DYNAMICS


Roots, Strategies, and Responses Emergent Patterns in International
edited by Michael E. Brown, Owen R. Coté Jr., Environmental Governance
Sean M. Lynn-Jones, and Steven E. Miller Oran R. Young
Since the attacks of September 11, 2001, scholars and International environmental regimes — institutional
policy analysts in national security have turned their arrangements that govern human-environmental
attention to terrorism, considering not only how to pre- interactions — are dynamic, changing continuously
Experts explore the
vent future attacks but also the An analysis of patterns
over time. Some regimes go
sources of contemporary roots of the problem. This of change in interna- from strength to strength,
terrorism, what terrorists book offers some of the latest tional environmental becoming more effective over
want, and how the research in terrorism studies. regimes, with five case the years, while others seem
United States and studies illustrating the
other countries
The contributors examine the patterns identified.
stymied from the beginning.
should respond. sources of contemporary ter- Some regimes start strong,
rorism, discussing the impact then decline; others are inef-
of globalization, the influence of religious beliefs, and fective at first but become successful with the passage of
the increasing dissatisfaction felt by the world’s power- time. In Institutional Dynamics, Oran Young offers the
less. They consider the strategies and motivations of first detailed analysis of these developmental trajecto-
terrorists, offering contending perspectives on whether ries. Understanding the emergent patterns in environ-
or not terrorists can be said to achieve their goals; mental governance and how they affect regime
explore different responses to the threat of terrorism, effectiveness, he argues, is an important part of solving
discussing such topics as how the United States can environmental problems.
work more effectively with its allies; and contemplate Young proposes a framework for analyzing patterns
the future of al-Qaida, asking if its networked structure of institutional change based on the alignment of
is an asset or a liability. internal, endogenous factors — which include flexibil-
Michael E. Brown is Dean of the Elliott School of International ity, monitoring procedures, and funding mechanisms
Affairs at the George Washington University. Owen R. Coté Jr. — with such external, exogenous factors as the attrib-
is Associate Director of the Security Studies Program at MIT utes of environmental problems, the political and
and Coeditor of International Security. Sean M. Lynn-Jones
is Research Associate at the Belfer Center for Science and economic contexts, and technological innovations.
International Affairs at Harvard University’s Kennedy School He offers five case studies of environmental regimes,
of Government and Coeditor of International Security.
Steven E. Miller is Editor-in-Chief of International Security governing environmental problems ranging from cli-
and Director of the International Security Program at the mate change to the protection of the Northern Fur
Belfer Center.
Seal, each of which exemplifies one of the emergent
“It is hard to be stimulating and instructive on a subject patterns he has identified: progressive development,
that has held as much attention as has terrorism for a punctuated equilibrium, arrested development,
decade and more. But the essays in this volume combine diversion, and collapse.
those characteristics for the benefit of students and experts Oran R. Young is Professor and Codirector of the Program on
alike. The reader will come away with valuable new Governance for Sustainable Development at the Bren School
of Environmental Science and Management, University of
insights and perspectives.” California, Santa Barbara, and Chair of the Scientific Committee
— Philip B. Heymann, James Barr Ames Professor of the International Human Dimensions Programme on Global
Environmental Change.
of Law, Harvard Law School, author of
Terrorism, Freedom, and Security September — 6 x 9, 232 pp. — 3 illus.

July — 6 x 9, 464 pp. $24.00/£17.95 paper


978-0-262-51440-8
$28.00S/£20.95 paper
978-0-262-51464-4 $48.00/£35.95 cloth
978-0-262-01438-0
International Security Readers
Earth System Governance series

98 Fall 2010 mitpress.mit.edu


PROFESSIONAL
environment/political science

THE ENVIRONMENTAL POLITICS OF SACRIFICE


edited by Michael Maniates and John M. Meyer
The idea of sacrifice is the unspoken issue of environmental politics. Politicians, An argument that the idea of
the media, and many environmentalists assume that well-off populations won’t sacrifice, with all its political
make sacrifices now for future environmental benefits and won’t change their baggage, opens new paths to
patterns and perceptions of consumption to make ecological room for the environmental sustainability.

world’s three billion or so poor eager to improve their standard of living. The
Environmental Politics of Sacrifice challenges these assumptions, arguing that
they limit our policy options, weaken our ability to imagine bold action for August
6 x 9, 344 pp.
change, and blind us to the ways sacrifice already figures in everyday life.
$25.00S/£18.95 paper
The concept of sacrifice has been curiously unexamined in both activist and
978-0-262-51436-1
academic conversations about environmental politics, and this book is the first
$50.00S/£37.95 cloth
to confront it directly. 978-0-262-01436-6
The chapters bring a variety of disciplinary perspectives to the topic.
Contributors offer alternatives to the conventional wisdom on sacrifice; identify
connections between sacrifice and human fulfillment in everyday life, finding CONTRIBUTORS
such concrete examples as parents’ sacrifices in raising children, religious prac- Peter Cannavò
Shane Gunster
tice, artists’ pursuit of their art, and soldiers and policemen who risk their lives Cheryl Hall
to do their jobs; and examine particular policies and practices that shape our Karen Litfin
understanding of environmental problems, including the carbon tax, incentives Michael Maniates
John M. Meyer
for cyclists, and the perils of green consumption. The Environmental Politics of Simon Nicholson
Sacrifice puts “sacrifice” firmly into the conversation about effective environmen- Anna Peterson
tal politics and policies, insisting that activists and scholars do more than change Thomas Princen
Sudhir Chella Rajan
the subject when the idea is introduced. Paul Wapner
Michael Maniates is Professor of Political Science and Environmental Justin Williams
Science at Allegheny College. He is the coeditor, with Thomas Princen
and Ken Conca, of Confronting Consumption (MIT Press, 2002).
John M. Meyer is Professor and Chair in the Department of Politics
at Humboldt State University. He is the author of Political Nature:
Environmentalism and the Interpretation of Western Thought
(MIT Press, 2001).

“This is an excellent, thoughtful, and original book. I came to the


material skeptically and came away from it convinced that this is
indeed an important area to explore, and that much more can be
made of the idea of sacrifice than would generally be assumed.”
— Andrew Dobson, Keele University

mitpress.mit.edu Fall 2010 99


PROFESSIONAL
environment/political science environment/political science

GLOBAL COMMONS, KNOWLEDGE AND


DOMESTIC DECISIONS ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY
The Comparative Politics of Climate Change Re-Imagining the Boundaries
edited by Kathryn Harrison and of Science and Politics
Lisa McIntosh Sundstrom William Ascher, Toddi Steelman, and Robert Healy
Climate change represents a “tragedy of the commons” During the George W. Bush administration, politics
on a global scale, requiring the cooperation of nations and ideology routinely trumped scientific knowledge in
Comparative case studies that do not necessarily put the An analysis of the making environmental policy.
and analyses of the Earth’s well-being above their challenges involved in Data were falsified, reports
influence of domestic own national interests. And incorporating science were edited selectively, and
politics on countries’ and other kinds of
yet international efforts to knowledge into making scientists were censored. The
climate change policies
address global warming have environmental policy. Obama administration has
and Kyoto ratification
decisions. met with some success; the pledged to restore science
Kyoto Protocol, in which to the policy making process. And yet, as the authors
industrialized countries committed to reducing their of Knowledge and Environmental Policy point out, the
collective emissions, took effect in 2005 (although with- problems in connecting scientific discovery to science-
out the participation of the United States). Reversing based policy are systemic. The process — currently
the lens used by previous scholarship on the topic, structured in a futile effort to separate policy from sci-
Global Commons, Domestic Decisions explains interna- ence — is dysfunctional in many respects. William
tional action on climate change from the perspective Ascher, Toddi Steelman, and Robert Healy analyze the
of countries’ domestic politics. dysfunction and offer recommendations for incorporat-
In an effort to understand both what progress has ing formal science and other important types of knowl-
been made and why it has been so limited, experts in edge (including local knowledge and public sentiment)
comparative politics look at the experience of seven into the environmental policymaking process.
jurisdictions in deciding whether or not to ratify the The authors divide the knowledge process into
Kyoto Protocol and to pursue national climate change three functions — generation, transmission, and use —
mitigation policies. By analyzing the domestic politics and explore the key obstacles to incorporating knowl-
and international positions of the United States, edge into the making of environmental policy. Using
Australia, Russia, China, the European Union, Japan, case studies and integrating a broad literature on sci-
and Canada, the authors demonstrate clearly that ence, politics, and policy, they examine the ignorance
decisions about global policies are often made locally, or distortion of policy-relevant knowledge, the overem-
in the context of electoral and political incentives, phasis of particular concerns and the neglect of others,
the normative commitments of policymakers, and and the marginalization of certain voices.
domestic political institutions. William Ascher is Donald C. McKenna Professor of Government
and Economics at Claremont McKenna College. Toddi Steelman
CONTRIBUTORS Steinar Andresen, Inga Fritzen Buan,
is Associate Professor of Environmental and Natural Resource
Kate Crowley, Kathryn Harrison, Gørild Heggelund, Laura A. Henry,
Policy in the Department of Forestry and Environmental
Miranda A. Schreurs, Lisa McIntosh Sundstrom, Yves Tiberghien Resources at North Carolina State University. Robert Healy is
Kathryn Harrison is Professor and Lisa McIntosh Sundstrom is Professor of Environmental Policy at the Nicholas School of
Associate Professor in the Department of Political Science at the Environment and Earth Sciences and Professor of Public
the University of British Columbia. Policy Studies at the Terry Sanford School of Public Policy at
Duke University.

August — 6 x 9, 320 pp.


August — 6 x 9, 280 pp. — 2 illus.
$25.00S/£18.95 paper
$23.00S/£16.95 paper
978-0-262-51431-6
978-0-262-51437-8
$50.00S/£37.95 cloth
$46.00S/£34.95 cloth
978-0-262-01426-7
978-0-262-01437-3
American and Comparative Environmental Policy series
American and Comparative Environmental Policy series

100 Fall 2010 mitpress.mit.edu


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101
JOURNALS
architecture/design political science/international affairs

DESIGN ISSUES WORLD POLICY JOURNAL


Bruce Brown, David A. Andelman, editor
Richard Buchanan,
Dennis Doordan, and World Policy Journal is a highly respected and widely cited
Victor Margolin, editors forum on international relations.
In addition to policy articles, it
The first American academic includes historical and cultural
journal to examine design essays, book reviews, profiles,
history, theory, and criticism, and reportage.
Design Issues provokes inquiry
Quarterly, ISSN 0740-2775
into the cultural and intellec- Spring/Summer/Fall/Winter
tual issues surrounding design. http://mitpressjournals.org/wpj
Special guest-edited issues
World Policy Journal is published
concentrate on particular themes, such as science and by MIT Press for the World Policy
technology studies, design research, and design critisicm. Institute.
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109 pp. per issue — 7 x 10, illustrated INTERNATIONAL SECURITY
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Sean M. Lynn-Jones and Owen R. Coté Jr., editors
GREY ROOM International Security publishes lucid, well-documented
Karen Beckman, essays on the full range of contemporary security issues. Its
Branden W. Joseph, articles address traditional policy
Reinhold Martin, issues such as war and peace, as
Tom McDonough, and well as more recent dimensions
Felicity D. Scott, editors of security, including the growing
importance of environmental,
Grey Room brings together
demographic, and humanitarian
scholarly and theoretical arti-
issues, and the rise of global
cles from the fields of archi-
terrorist networks.
tecture, art, media, and politics
to forge a cross-disciplinary Quarterly, ISSN 0162-2889
Summer/Fall/Winter/Spring
discourse uniquely relevant to contemporary concerns. In its
200 pp. per issue — 6 3/4 x 10
first eight years, Grey Room has published some of the most http://mitpressjournals.org/is
interesting and original work within these disciplines,
positioning itself at the forefront of the most current
aesthetic and critical debates. INNOVATIONS: TECHNOLOGYI
Quarterly, ISSN 1526-3819 GOVERNANCEIGLOBALIZATION
Fall/Winter/Spring/Summer
125 pp. per issue — 6 3/4 x 9 1/2, illustrated
Philip Auerswald and Iqbal Z. Quadir, editors
http://mitpressjournals.org/grey Innovations is about entrepreneurial solutions to global
challenges. The journal features cases authored by excep-
tional innovators; commentary and research from leading
academics; and essays from globally recognized executives
and political leaders. The journal
is jointly hosted at George Mason
University’s School of Public
Policy, Harvard's Kennedy
School of Government, and
MIT’s Legatum Center
for Development and
Entrepreneurship.
Quarterly, ISSN 1558-2477
Winter/Spring/Summer/Fall
112 pp. per issue — 7 x 10
http://mitpressjournals.org/itgg
102
JOURNALS
economics economics

JOURNAL OF THE REVIEW OF ECONOMICS


THE EUROPEAN AND STATISTICS
ECONOMIC Alberto Abadie, Philippe Aghion,
ASSOCIATION Michael Greenstone (on leave),
Dani Rodrik (chair), and Mark W. Watson, editors
Fabrizio Zilbotti, editor
The Review of Economics and Statistics is a distinguished
Journal of the European
general journal of applied (especially quantitative)
Economic Association replaces
economics. Edited at Harvard University’s Kennedy
the European Economic
School of Government, The
Review as the official journal
Review publishes the field’s most
of the association. Publishing
important articles in empirical
articles of the highest scien-
economics, and, from time to
tific quality, JEEA is an outlet
time, symposia devoted to a
for theoretical and empirical work of global relevance. The
single topic of methodological
journal is committed to promoting the EEA mission: the
or empirical interest.
development and application of economics as a science,
and the communication and exchange among teachers, Quarterly, ISSN 0034-6535
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Six times per year, ISSN 1542-4766 http://mitpressjournals.org/rest
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arts and humanities


THE QUARTERLY JOURNAL
OF ECONOMICS THE INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL
Robert J. Barro, Elhanan Helpman, and OF LEARNING AND MEDIA —
Lawrence F. Katz, editors
NEW FOR 2009
The Quarterly Journal of Economics is the oldest professional
journal of economics in the English language. Edited David Buckingham, Tara McPherson, and
at Harvard University’s
Katie Salen, editors
Department of Economics, The International Journal of Learning and Media (IJLM)
it covers all aspects of the is a groundbreaking online-only journal that provides an
field — from the journal’s international forum for scholars, researchers and practi-
traditional emphasis on tioners to explore the relationship between emerging forms
microtheory, to both of media and learning, in a variety of forms and settings.
empirical and theoretical Through scholarly articles, editorials, case studies, and an
macroeconomics. active online network, IJLM will publish contributions
Quarterly, ISSN 0033-5533
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Online only
http://www.ijlm.net

103
JOURNALS
arts and humanities arts and humanities

DAEDALUS THE NEW ENGLAND


Phyllis Bendell, QUARTERLY
managing editor
Linda Smith Rhoads, editor
Founded in 1955 as the
For three-quarters of a century,
Journal of the American
The New England Quarterly has
Academy of Arts and Sciences,
published the best that has been
Daedalus draws on the enor-
written on New England’s cul-
mous intellectual capacity
tural, political, and social history.
of the American Academy,
Contributions cover a range of
whose fellows are among the
time periods, from before
nation’s most prominent
European colonization to the
thinkers in the arts, sciences, and humanities. Each issue
present, and any subject germane to New England’s history.
addresses a theme with six to ten original, authoritative
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Rosalind Krauss, Annette Michelson, George Baker,
LEONARDO/ Yve-Alain Bois, Benjamin H. D. Buchloh,
Hal Foster, Denis Hollier, David Joselit,
LEONARDO Carrie Lambert-Beatty, Mignon Nixon, and
MUSIC JOURNAL Malcolm Turvey, editors
Roger F. Malina, Original, innovative, and
executive editor provocative, October presents the
Nicolas Collins, best and most current criticism
LMJ editor-in-chief about the contemporary arts,
Leonardo is the leading including film, painting, sculp-
international journal in the ture, photography, performance,
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For computer enthusiasts, musicians, composers, scientists,
cultures. Since 1967, readers
and engineers, this is the
have enjoyed high-quality visual
essential resource for contem-
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and critical dialogue.
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INDEX

Aaaaw to Zzzzzd: The Words of Birds, Bevis 1 Carens, The Case for Amnesty 26
Absence of Work, Haidu 20 Case for Amnesty, Carens 26
Access to Knowledge in the Age of Intellectual Property, Causing Human Actions, Aguilar 76
Krikorian 50 Cesal, Down Detour Road 22
Action, Ethics, and Responsibility, Campbell 77 Choi, Architecture at the Edge of Everything Else 23
Agar, Humanity’s End 86 Cinematic Mythmaking, Singer 56
Agony of Power, Baudrillard 44 Cinque, The Syntax of Adjectives 88
Agreement and Head Movement, Roberts 89 Circuit Design and Simulation with VHDL, second edition,
Aguilar, Causing Human Actions 76 Pedroni 91
Air, Knechtel 28 Clastres, Archeology of Violence, 46
Akmajian, Linguistics, sixth edition 87 CO2 Rising, Volk 53
Allure of Machinic Life, Johnston 70 Color for the Sciences, Koenderink 79
America Identified, Nelson 72 Comingled Code, Lerner 92
Applying Cognitive Science to Education, Reif 67 Computer Boys Take Over, Ensmenger 71
Archeology of Violence, Clastres 46 Conflicts of Conscience in Health Care, Lynch 61
Architecture at the Edge of Everything Else, Choi 23 Contending with Terrorism, Brown 98
Arguments as Relations, Bowers 88 Creating Scientific Concepts, Nersessian 67
Artwork Caught by the Tail, Baker 56 Crimp, Mixed Use, Manhattan 16
Ascher, Knowledge and Environmental Policy 100 Curio, Dynamic Faces 83
Aspray, The Internet and American Business 65 da Costa, Tactical Biopolitics 63
Atlas of Science, Börner 38 Dara Birnbaum, Demos 41
Audio Programming Book, Boulanger 79 Daston, Objectivity 51
Auditory Neuroscience, Schnupp 85 Dauvergne, The Shadows of Consumption 54
Austin, Zen-Brain Reflections 58 De Grauwe, Dimensions of Competitiveness 96
Baker, The Artwork Caught by the Tail 56 Demos, Dara Birnbaum 41
Bartlett, FashionEast 12 Denning, The Innovator’s Way 8
Baudrillard, The Agony of Power 44 Design for Ecological Democracy, Hester 54
Bechtel, Discovering Complexity 77 Designing Media, Moggridge 3
Becoming MIT, Kaiser 39 Designing Sound, Farnell 78
Bennett, The Privacy Advocates 65 Diary of an Innocent, Duvert 47
Besley, Institutional Microeconomics of Development 97 Digital Media and Democracy, Boler 62
Bevis, Aaaaw to Zzzzzd: The Words of Birds 1 Dimensions of Competitiveness, De Grauwe 96
Blum, Laws, Outlaws, and Terrorists 32 Discovering Complexity, Bechtel 77
Bogdan, Our Own Minds 74 Down Detour Road, Cesal 22
Bogost, Newsgames 5 Duvert, Diary of an Innocent 47
Bogost, Persuasive Games 62 Dynamic Coordination in the Brain, von der Malsburg 85
Bolender, The Self-Organizing Social Mind 83 Dynamic Faces, Curio 83
Boler, Digital Media and Democracy 62 Dyslexia, Learning, and the Brain, Nicolson 69
Booth, Peer Participation and Software 81 Embick, Localism versus Globalism in Morphology and
Bordowitz, General Idea 40 Phonology 89

Borgman, Scholarship in the Digital Age 66 Enaction, Stewart 76

Börner, Atlas of Science 38 Enfoldment and Infinity, Marks 11

Boulanger, The Audio Programming Book 79 English, How to See a Work of Art in Total Darkness 57

Boundaries of Babel, Moro 69 Ensmenger, The Computer Boys Take Over 71

Bowers, Arguments as Relations 88 Environmental Politics of Sacrifice, Maniates 99

Brandscapes, Klingmann 58 Erlmann, Reason and Resonance 49

Brough, Perspecta 43 25 Event-Cities 4, Tschumi 24

Brown, Contending with Terrorism 98 Failure, LeFeuvre 21

Brown, Walled States, Waning Sovereignty 48 Fairlie, Race and Entrepreneurial Success 60

Büttcher, Information Retrieval 91 Farah, Neuroethics 86

Campbell, Action, Ethics, and Responsibility 77 Farmer, A Linguistics Workbook 87


Farnell, Designing Sound 78
FashionEast, Bartlett 12
108
INDEX

Feenstra, Product Variety and the Gains from International Japan’s Bubble, Deflation, and Long-term Stagnation,
Trade 93 Kashyap 94
Fields, Genetic Twists of Fate 7 Jin, Korea’s Online Gaming Empire 81
Flanagin, Kids and Credibility 81 Johnston, The Allure of Machinic Life 70
Flinn, The Minimum Wage and Labor Market Outcomes 94 Josephson, Lenin’s Laureate 34
Food Justice, Gottlieb 29 Kaiser, Becoming MIT 39
Freud's Mexico, Gallo 15 Kashyap, Japan’s Bubble, Deflation, and Long-term
Frey, Happiness 60 Stagnation 94

From Betamax to Blockbuster, Greenberg 55 Kennedy, Macroeconomic Essentials, third edition 93

Gallo, Freud's Mexico 15 Kids and Credibility, Flanagin 81

Gallo, Mexican Modernity 57 Klingmann, Brandscapes 58

Gans, Parentonomics 52 Knechtel, Air 28

General Idea, Bordowitz 40 Knowledge and Environmental Policy, Ascher 100

Genetic Twists of Fate, Fields 7 Koenderink, Color for the Sciences 79

Ghosal, Reforming Rules and Regulations 97 Korea's Online Gaming Empire, Jin 81

Gilman, No Precedent, No Plan 35 Krikorian, Access to Knowledge in the Age of Intellectual


Property 50
Global Commons, Domestic Decisions, Harrison 100
Last Seen Entering the Biltmore, Indiana 42
Good Faith Collaboration, Reagle 36
Laughter, Parvulescu 14
Gorman, Trading Zones and Interactional Expertise 73
Lavin, Push Comes to Shove 13
Gottlieb, Food Justice 29
Laws, Outlaws, and Terrorists, Blum 32
Grau, MediaArtHistories 63
Lécuyer, Makers of the Microchip 37
Great Migrator, Ikegami 19
LeFeuvre, Failure 21
Greenberg, From Betamax to Blockbuster 55
Lenin’s Laureate, Josephson 34
Groys, History Becomes Form 18
Lerner, Sacrifice Zones 30
Guattari, The Machinic Unconscious 45
Lerner, The Comingled Code 92
Guillot, How to Catch a Robot Rat 6
Ling, New Tech, New Ties 53
Haidu, The Absence of Work 20
Linguistics Workbook, Farmer 87
Happiness, Frey 60
Linguistics, sixth edition, Akmajian 87
Harper, Texture 10
Living with Complexity, Norman 4
Harrison, Global Commons, Domestic Decisions 100
Localism versus Globalism in Morphology and Phonology,
Hayes, Health Informatics 74 Embick 89
Health Informatics, Hayes 74 Lukic, NONOBJECT 2
Helmholtz, Meulders 33 Lynch, Conflicts of Conscience in Health Care 61
Hester, Design for Ecological Democracy 54 Machinic Unconscious, Guattari 45
History Becomes Form, Groys 18 Mackenzie, Wirelessness 80
Honest Signals, Pentland 52 Macroeconomic Essentials, third edition, Kennedy 93
Horn, Reconceptualizing the Industrial Revolution 73 Makers of the Microchip, Lécuyer 37
How to Catch a Robot Rat, Guillot 6 Maniates, The Environmental Politics of Sacrifice 99
How to See a Work of Art in Total Darkness, English 57 Marks, Enfoldment and Infinity 11
Humanity's End, Agar 86 Marr, Vision 84
Iiyoshi, Opening Up Education 55 Mastrandrea, Preparing for Climate Change 27
Ikegami, The Great Migrator 19 MediaArtHistories, Grau 63
Indiana, Last Seen Entering the Biltmore 42 Medical Malpractice, Sloan 61
Indirect Side of Direct Investment, Mintz 96 Mehlenbacher, Instruction and Technology 80
Information Retrieval, Büttcher 91 Memory Process, Nalbantian 84
Innovator's Way, Denning 8 Meulders, Helmholtz 33
Insatiable Curiosity, Nowotny 66 Mexican Modernity, Gallo 57
Institutional Dynamics, Young 98 Minimum Wages, Neumark 59
Institutional Microeconomics of Development, Besley 97 Mintz, The Indirect Side of Direct Investment 96
Instruction and Technology, Mehlenbacher 80 Mixed Use, Manhattan, Crimp 16
Internet and American Business, Aspray 65 Moggridge, Designing Media 3

109
INDEX

Moro, The Boundaries of Babel 69 Roberts, Agreement and Head Movement 89


Mueller, Networks and States 72 Robinson, New Realisms: 1957-1962 17
Music and Probability, Temperley 64 Robotics, Trinkle 90
Nalbantian, The Memory Process 84 Rowlands, The New Science of the Mind 75
Neither Sun nor Death, Sloterdijk 43 Sacrifice Zones, Lerner 30
Nelson, America Identified 72 Sandholm, Population Games and Evolutionary Dynamics 95
Nersessian, Creating Scientific Concepts 67 Schnupp, Auditory Neuroscience 85
Networks and States, Mueller 72 Scholarship in the Digital Age, Borgman 66
Networks of the Brain, Sporns 82 Self-Organizing Social Mind, Bolender 83
Neumark, Minimum Wages 59 Shadows of Consumption, Dauvergne 54
Neumark, VOICE 78 Shubik, The Theory of Money and Financial Institutions,
Neuroethics, Farah 86 Volume 3 95

New Realisms: 1957-1962, Robinson 17 Simchi-Levi, Operations Rules 9

New Science of the Mind, Rowlands 75 Singer, Cinematic Mythmaking 56

New Tech, New Ties, Ling 53 Sloan, Medical Malpractice 61

Newsgames, Bogost 5 Sloterdijk, Neither Sun nor Death 43

Nicolson, Dyslexia, Learning, and the Brain 69 Smil, Prime Movers of Globalization 31

No Precedent, No Plan, Gilman 35 Social Modeling for Requirements Engineering, Yu 90

NONOBJECT, Lukic 2 Spielmann, Video 64

Norman, Living with Complexity 4 Sporns, Networks of the Brain 82

Nowotny, Insatiable Curiosity 66 Stewart, Enaction 76

Objectivity, Daston 51 Stueber, Rediscovering Empathy 68

Opening Up Education, Iiyoshi 55 Syntax of Adjectives, Cinque 88

Operations Rules, Simchi-Levi 9 Tactical Biopolitics, da Costa 63

Origins of Human Communication, Tomasello 68 Temperley, Music and Probability 64

Our Own Minds, Bogdan 74 Texture, Harper 10

Parentonomics, Gans 52 The Minimum Wage and Labor Market Outcomes, Flinn 94

Parvulescu, Laughter 14 Theory of Money and Financial Institutions, Volume 3,


Shubik 95
Pecchi, Revisiting Keynes 59
3D Shape, Pizlo 70
Pedroni, Circuit Design and Simulation with VHDL,
second edition 91 Tomasello, Origins of Human Communication 68

Peer Participation and Software, Booth 81 Trading Zones and Interactional Expertise, Gorman 73

Pentland, Honest Signals 52 Trinkle, Robotics 90

Perspecta 43, Brough 25 Tschumi, Event-Cities 4 24

Persuasive Games, Bogost 62 Video, Spielmann 64

Pizlo, 3D Shape 70 Vision, Marr 84

Population Games and Evolutionary Dynamics, Sandholm 95 VOICE, Neumark 78

Preparing for Climate Change, Mastrandrea 27 Volk, CO2 Rising 53

Prime Movers of Globalization, Smil 31 von der Malsburg, Dynamic Coordination in the Brain 85

Privacy Advocates, Bennett 65 Walled States, Waning Sovereignty, Brown 48

Product Variety and the Gains from International Trade, Wirelessness, Mackenzie 80
Feenstra 93 Young, Institutional Dynamics 98
Push Comes to Shove, Lavin 13 Yu, Social Modeling for Requirements Engineering 90
Race and Entrepreneurial Success, Fairlie 60 Zen-Brain Reflections, Austin 58
Reagle, Good Faith Collaboration 36
Reason and Resonance, Erlmann 49
Reconceptualizing the Industrial Revolution, Horn 73
Rediscovering Empathy, Stueber 68
Reforming Rules and Regulations, Ghosal 97
Reif, Applying Cognitive Science to Education 67
Revisiting Keynes, Pecchi 59

110
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bioethics 61, 86
business 8-9, 52, 65
cognitive science 52, 67-68, 70, 74-76
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vision 70, 83-84
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