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Answer Sheet: Diagnostic Test
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BOOODO 0. ©DOO®TABLE 2.1 Useful Constants
1 atornie mass unit
66 x 10” kg,
Rest mass of the proton m7 1.67 10 ky
Rest mass of the neutron 1.67 x 107 kg
Rest mass of the electron 9.1 x 10 kg
Magnitude of the electron charge 60 x 10°C
“Avogadro's number 6.02 x 10" per mal
Universal gas constant R=832 mol -K)
Boltemann’s constant y= 1.38 x 10°" YK,
Speed of light c=3x 10! mis
Planck's constant 2663 X10*J $2414 x 10% Vos
1 electron volt TeV 16x 103
‘Vacuum permitivty = 8.85 x 10" CIN -
Coulomb's law constant B= (VA yma: = 9X 10" NHI
‘Vacuum permeability Ho = 4.x 107 Whi(A - mi)
‘Magnetic constant B= We = yylan = 10" WOKA
‘Acceleration due to gravity at
Earths surface g-98mis
‘Universal gravitational constant G= 6.67 x10" mike - $)
1 atmosphere pressure 10 x 10" Nim® = 1.0 % 10° Pa
1 manometer Ox 10m
For this examination the following conventions hold:
I. All frames of reference are assumed to be inertial unless otherwise
indicated.
IL, Electrical current will follow the direction of a positive charge (conven.
tional current),
IIL For any isolated charge, the potential at infinity is taken to be equal to
zero.
IV. The work done by a thermodynamic system is defined as a positive
quantity.DIAGNOSTIC TEST
Section I
Muttiple-Choice Questions
70 questions
90 minutes
50 percent of total grade
‘Directions: For each of the questions or incomplete statements below there are five choices. In each
‘ase select the best answer or completion and fill in the corresponding oval on the answer sheet. You
‘may not use a calculator for this part.
1, Which of the following quantities is nor a
vector?
(A) Momentum
{@) Displacement
(©) Acceleration
(0) Work
© Impulse
2. A.0.05-kg ball is thrown upward from the
‘round with an initial velocity of 30 ns. At
its maximum height, the magnitude of the
balls acceleration is approximately
) Oms
(8) 10m
© 30ms
©) Sms
() Not enough information is given.
3. A projectile is launched at an angle 8 to the
horizontal with an initial velocity v. Inthe
absence of any air resistance, which of
the following statements is correct?
(A) The horizontal velocity increases and
then decreases during the flight.
(B) The horizontal velocity remains
constant.
(©) The vertical velocity remains constant.
(D) The horizontal velocity decreases and
then increases during the flight.
(©) At the projectile’s maximum height, the
accaleration vector is zero.10 DIAGNOSTIC EXAMINATION
4. Which two graphs represent one-
dimensional uniformly accelerated motion?
7
;
(a) Land Iv
(B) Wand ill
(© Tand V
(©) Wand
(©) Wand V
5, Arock is theown horizontally off ofthe top
‘of a building that is 75m above the ground.
Its observed thatthe rock lands 22 m asvay
fromm the base ofthe builling. Which of the
following would increase the time i takes
the rock to reach the ground?
Increasing the height
I, Increasing the initial horizontal velocity
TI, Tnereasing the mass of the rock
(A) Lonly
(B) M only
(©) Ml only
(D) Vand I
(©) Mand it
‘Questions 6 and 7 are based on the following
information:
[A student swings a 0.035-kg rubber stopper
attached to a string in a horizontal circle over
her head. The length of the string is 0.6m. The
stopper is cbserved to complete 10 revolutions
in 11.75,
6, What is the magnitude of the period of
revolution?
(A) 085s
(8) Li7s
(©) 3225
(D) 0658
() 117s
7. Which of the following expressions re-
presents the relationship between the
‘centripetal force F acting on the mass and
its kinetic energy &?
(A) Kir
(B) Kr
(©) 2Kir
) Kir
(&) Kr
& Which of the following statements is correet
about a projectile in flight (ncar the Earth)?
(A) Its acceleration increases during its
fig.
(B) Is acceleration decreases during its
Aight
(©) les arerlemtion decreases. then
increases, during its light.
(D) Its acceleration mereases, then
decreases, during its flight
(©) Its acceleration remains constant.
9, A 1S-newton force is applied to a mass Mf
that is adjacent to a wall, as shown, Ifthe
‘mass is 2 kilograms, the force that the wall
exerts on the mass is equal 10
(A) ON
cn. 15N
B) 2N
(© ISN
(D) 19.6N
©) 30N
GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE >10, Inthe diagram, 2 force F is applied to a
mass M at an angle @ to the horizontal, The
‘mass is moving along a flat, smooth hori-
zontal surface. What is the magnitude of the
‘normal foree?
F
ea
(A) Mg - Fsin@
@) Mg+Fsin@
(©) MgiF sind
{D) F sin Org,
©) Me
11, Inthe situation shown, a 2-kilogram mass is
anached by a light string over a frictionless
pulley to a 5-kilogram mass hanging betow.
‘The 2-kilogram mass rests on a frictionless
surface. Ifthe system is released, what will
be the approximate acceleration of both
asses?
[i
(A) 5 mvs?
@) 25 mis
© Wms
@) 15 ms*
(E) 20ms*
12, A mass M rests on top of a frictionless
inclined plane. Which of the following state-
‘ments is correct about the normal force
acting on the mass as the angle of elevation
increases?
(A) The normal foree ineresses.
(B) The normal force decreases.
(C) The normal force increases, then
decreases,
(D) The normal force decreases, then
increases.
(B) The normal force remains constant,
13, A 45-kilogram boy is sliding down a fric-
‘ionless hemispherical surface with a radius
Ras shown in the diagram. The boy loses
contact with the surface when he makes an
angle 8 with the horizontal, What is the
_magnitude of the normal force acting on the
boy at that instant?
4
(A) Mg
(B) Mga cos @
(©) Mgoos 0 ~ R)
(Dy Mg cos @
(0
14, A crate weighing 15 is moving along a
rough horizontal surface with a constant
velocity v. The coefficient of kinetic friction
between the crate and the surface is 0.50.
‘What is the approximate magnitude of the
force maintaining the constant velocity?
(a) ON
(B) ISN
(©) 75N
(D) 30N
©) 75N
Questions 15-17 are basedd on the graph
of force versus time shown below for a
1S-kilogram mass.
Force (N)
° 0
Tima (9)
90 100
GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE >15, What was the total impulse applied to the
‘mass for the entire 100-second interval?”
(A) 1750N
(B) 1800N.
(C) 1900 N
() 2100N
(©) 2500.
16, What was the average force applied to the
mass during the first $0 seconds?
(A) TN
(B) ISN
© 18N
(D) 21N
(E) 30N
17, Ifthe mass had an initial velocity of 4
meters per second, what was its velocity at
the end of 50 seconds?
(A), 46 mis
(B) 50 mis
(O) S4m's
(D) 60mis
(®) 66m’
18, A 10-kg object has a velocity of 2 mvs to
the right. The object is struck by # 0.05-kx
wad of putty moving to the left at 10 m/s.
‘The pully sticks to the object after the colli-
sion. Which ofthe following statements is
correct?
(A) Linear momentum is not conserved, but
‘Kinetic energy is conserved.
{B) Both linear momentum and kinetic
energy are conserved.
(©) Linear momentum is conserved, but
kinetic energy is not conserved.
(D) Neither linear momentum nor kinetic
‘energy is conserved,
(B) None of the above statements is
correct,
19. A mass m is moving with a velocity v. It
collides with and sticks to a stationary mass
‘M, Which of the following expressions rep-
resents the ratio of the initial kinetic energy
to the final kinetic energy?
mM
(B) (m+ Mm
(©) m+M
(D) m-M
AE) (n+ Myon = M
20, A Sckg mass is dropped from a height of
15 m, What will the approximate velocity of
the mass be when it 1s 10 m above the
ground?
(a) Oms
(B) 0ms
(© 200s
©) 50s
ims
21. A pulley is used to lift a 10-kilogram mass
to a height of 2 meters. If 150 newions of
‘effort was used, the work done to overcome
friction was equal t©
tA) 4d
B) 521
(© 1045
(D) 1967,
() 3004
22, Power is to work as foree is to
(A) impulse
(B) momentum
©) velocity
(D) acceleration
(B) displacement18, Which pair of forces could produce a resu
ant force of 7 newtons?
(A) 2N,6N
@)3N1N
(©) 1N,SN
(0) 4N2N
® 3N3N
14, A mass ois sitting on a wooden board. One
end of the board is elevated until at an angle
8, measured from the horizontal, the mass
‘begins to slide down the board. The cocffi-
cient of static friction, w, is given by the
expression
(A) sin
B) cos 0
(©) seo
D) und
(E) cor
28, A 20-newton force and a Mnewton force
act concurrently at a point, making an angle
‘of 37 degrees. What is the approximate
magnitude of the equilibrant for these
forces?
(A) 30N,
(B) ISN
© 1N
)5N
© 2N
26. Which of the following expressions repre-
sents tho kinetic energy of a mass M that
has a momentum p?
(A) Imig
®) Imp"
(C) 2pin
(©) pram
(©) 2pnr
27. Kepler's second law of planetery motion
28.
29,
states that a planet sweeps out equal areas in
‘equal time. Which of the following state
ments is not an implication (are not implica-
tions) of thet law?
1. The angular momentum of the planet is
‘conserved.
IL, There are no external torques acting on
the planets at any time.
UL For any planet, R'/7?= kis valid and a
constant,
wi
«B)
© I
(O) Vand it
(©) Wand ut
‘A spring with a force constant k = 400 Nim
is compressed horizontally by a 10-kg mass
along a rough surface as shown below. The
spring is compressed 0.2 m, and the coeffi-
cient of kinetic friction 4 = 0.10. If the
system is released, what will be the approxi-
mate kinetic energy of the mass when the
spring is no longer compressed?
sadleheel oie] 2010”
(a) 2d
@) 6)
(©) 8s
(D) 103
(E) 125
Which of the following expressions is
equivalent to 1 watt?
) kg
(B) kg
(C) kg
(D) kg
©) kg
mis?
mis
mis
mig
ws
GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE >30. A meter stick is balanced at the 50-
‘centimeter mark as shown. Four masses are
suspended at the positions shown. What is
the magnitude, m, of the missing mass?
cece
(4020304080 7080
09 ™
(A) 100g
(B) 2002
(© 3008
{B) 400g
) 500g
Questions 31 and 32 are based on the following
information:
‘A wheel is rolling to the right with 4 constant
velocity v.
31. What is the direction of the angular velocity
vector a?
(A) Up the page
(B) Down the page
(©) Out of the page
(D) Into the page
() To the right
32, Ifthe radius of the wheel is 0.50 m and the
velocity is 5 m's, the magnitude of the
Wwheel’s angular velocity is equal to
rad.
(Ay 25
(B) 10
© 5
() 12
©) 15
s
In the diagram below, a meter stick with
length €, is attached to the wall with a fric-
tionless pivot and is free to rotate. the
stick is iniiatly horizontal and t rest and
is then released, which of the following
expressions represents the magnitude of the
forque acting on the meter stick?
(A) mgt2
@) mt
(C) mg
(D) metig
) mee
34. Two insulated containers are Gilled with
‘water. The amounts of water in the to con-
tainers are given by m, and m, respectively
(os; # mz). The initial temperatures of the
two masses of water are 7; and 7, respee~
tively (F;> .). The contents ofthe two
containers are mined together with no lose
‘of heat fo the surroundings. Which expres-
sion represents the final oquilibrium
temperature?
(A) (omnia + NT) +7)
B) (omiTs + mayen + ms)
© (nT, + mT-Vemm)
() (om; + mafXom +m)
©) (+ FMlom + ms)
GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE >‘An insulated tank contains 2.5 cubie meters
of an ideal gas under a pressure of 0.5
atmosphere. Ifthe pressure is raised to 3
atmospheres, while the temperature remains
constant, the new volume of the gas will be
(A) 25 n°
@) Sm
(©) 125m"
@) 042m
©) 037m"
36,
Which of the following graphs represents
the relationship between pressure and ab-
solute temperature for a confined ideal gas?
w
®
©
37. An ideal gas expetiences an adiabatic
change. Which of the following statements
is correct?
(A) The temperature of the gas remains the
same
(B) No work is done to the gas.
(C) The internal energy of the gas remains
the same.
(D) The entropy of the gas decreases
(&) None of the preceding statements is
correct.
38, An ideal gas is kept under constant pres-
‘sure, What change in Celsius temperature
‘must occur in order to double the volume of
the gas?
(A) 100°C
@®) 373°C
(©) 27PC
(D) The required change depends on the
starting temperature.
(B) The required change depends on the
starting volume.
‘The first law of thermodynamics states that
AQ = AU + AW. Which of the following
statements is correct?
(A) AQis the heat supplied to the system,
and AW is the work done to the system,
(B) SG is the heat supplied to the system,
and Ai is the work done by the
system.
(©) AQ is the heat supplied by the system,
and AMV is the work done to the systein.
(D) AQ is the heat supplied by the system,
and AW is the work done by the
system,
(E) None of the preceding statements is
correct.
40, The term “isobar” refers to a curve of
constant
(A) density
@) mass
(©) temperature
(D) pressure
(©) volumeFormula Sheet for Sect
Mechanics Heat and Thermodynamics
vey tar AQ = me AT
dae
Kexetwtt yal pee
4
view +2aax pV =nkT
Wapav
AU=Q48
Waves and Optics’
dsin@ = mh
= rogue, 2¢ uted om the AP Physic: ere‘Atomic and Nuclear Physics’
Bene
y= frequency, a ed onthe AP Pye exSection Il
Free-Response Questions
T questions
90 minutes
50 percent of total grade
Dinctions: Solve the following problems. Be sure to show all work, including substitutions with
Lis, nd to explain clearly. You may use a calculator for this part.
1. Inthe arrangement shown, a spring with a force constant kis attached to a vertical wall. The
ser end of the spring is attached to a mass m that rests on a rough horizontal surface. The
soefficient of kinetic friction for the mass and the surface is i. A light string is attached to m
and passed over a frictionless pulley to an overhanging mass M. The system is initially at rest. If
mass AY is released, it will fall a distance 4 until coming to rest.
oo
(@) Wirite an expression for the conservation of energy as it applies fo this situation.
() In terms of m, M, g, 4, and k, derive an expression for the coefficient of kinetic friction j.
(©) If = 1000 newtons per meter, m= 0.5 kilogram, M= 1.5 kilograms, and h = 0.04 moter,
| caloulate the value of 1.2. A rigid rod with a mass of 20 kilograms and a length ¢ is attached to a wall by means of a
frictionless pivot as shown, A. mass of 5 kilograms is hung from the middle of the rou, and a
fight string is attached to the free end. The string is attached to the wall, making an angle of 25°
to the horizontal. The system is in equilibrium.
20k9
Es]
(a) Draw a free body diagram for the rod, and label all forces involved.
(b) Determine the magnitude of the tension .
(©) Determine the magnitude snd direetion of the reaction force R acting at the pivot,
3. (a) A projectile is fired straight up with an initial velocity v and reaches a maximum height of
4500 km. Neglecting any air resistance, find the magnitude of the initial velocity
(b) Show that while in 2 circular orbit about the Earth, the satellite's total energy Z is given by
the expression
Clem
2
where M = mass of the satellite; Me = mass of the Earth =
Earth = 6.4 x 10° m; h = altitude; r= Ry + h.
(©) State Kepler's three laws of planetary motion,
(@) Explain how you can use Kepler’ third law to determine the mass of the Earth using only
the orbital period and mean distance of the orbiting satellite,
radius of the4. The following data were collected by a student wo measured the period of pendulum by
changing its length. A constant mass was used,
length (m) Period (3)
Te
010 0.68
os 083
020 0.96
025 108,
030 Lis
035 127
040 136
04s 144
9.50 132
(@) Using the grid below, make a graph of length versus period for this data, Be sure to label the
axes and use an appropriate scale for your values
(©) Based on the shape of your gra
pendulum in words.
(©) Using the data, determine the value of the constant of proportionality for this relationship.
‘You must describe your method for arriving at this value
(@) Using the known equation for the period of a simple pendulum, determine the expected
value for this coefficient assuming that the experiment was performed near the surface of the
Earth
state the relationship between the length and period of the
GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE D>5, Anclectron is accelerated across 3 1200-volt potential difference, as shown inthe diagram,
‘Upon sezching the other sie, the electron enters a downward elestre field of uniform sent
Fe 1000 newtons per coulomb, The length of the second region, containing the cleetric field, is
1.2 meters.
tK>
1200 _
= ¥] = 000 we
° »
120
Foster eee
(a) How much work is done to move the electron seross the potential difference region?
(b) What is the velocity of the electron as it enters the electric field region?
(6) Neglecting any gravitational effects, the clestron is deflected away feom its straight path
Derive an expression for the deflected distance h in terms ofthe mass of the electron, its
Charge. the fength ofthe region €, and its entrance velocity v. Assume constant horizontal
velocity
(@) Using he known value of each quantity, calculate the magnitude of the deflected distance
6. The threshold frequency fora photoelectric metal is 2.5 x 10" hertz. Electromagnetic radiation
swith 2 Wavelength of 50 nanometers is incident on the surface of the metal,
(a) What is the frequency of the radiation?
(@) {f the total energy ofthe radiation is equal to 9.945 x 10" joules, how many photons are
associated with this radiation?
(©) What is the work function for this metal?
(a) What isthe maximum Kinetic energy, in joules and electron vot, forthe emited electrons?
(@) What is the stopping potential for the emitted electrons?
(() Explain the relationship between maximum Kinetic energy and intensity,7. A rectangular block of height 20 cm is suspended by a thin wire of negligible mass. A spring,
balance is attached to the wire. In air, the scale reads 400 N, but only 250 N when itis fully
submerged in a tank of water (neglect the density of the air)
Witer
(2) Find the density and volume of the block.
(6) The diagram below shows a representation of the block when itis completely submerged.
raw, label, and indicate the magnitude of all ofthe forces acting on the block in this
conkition,
(©) If the block is slowly raised upward, describe the changes that take place in the gravitational
potential energy of both the block and the water.
STOP
‘THIS IS THE END OF SECTION IL
YOU MAY USE ANY REMAINING TIME TO CHECK YOUR WORK IN THIS SECTION,

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