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WISC IV INTERPRETIVE WORKSHEET

Child Name:

Date of Testing:

Age:

STEP 1 FSIQ INTERPRETATION


FSIQ

FSIQ Score

Error Range

Percentile

Verbal Description

Is the FSIQ Valid?


Index

Scaled Score & Description

VCI
PRI
WMI
PSI

( |Highest - Lowest | < 23 Points )

Is the FSIQ Valid?

If FSIQ is INVALID, is GAI Valid?

GAI Score

FSIQ/GAI/Index Range

No

( |VCI - PRI| < 23 Points )

Sum VCI+PRI to get the GAI Sum of Scales Scores and


convert it to a Standard Score with the table below

GAI SSS

Yes

Is the GAI Valid?

Error Range

Percentile

Description

> 131

Upper Extreme/Normative Strength

116 - 130

Above Average/Normative Strength

85 - 115

Average Range/Within Normal Limits

70 - 84

Below Average/Normative Weakness

< 69

Lower Extreme/Normative Weakness

Yes

No

Verbal Descriptor

STEP 2 INDEX INTERPRETATION


Are the indexes unitary?
Index

Highest
Subscale

Lowest Difference
Subscale

Unitary?
(< 5 points)

VCI
PRI
WMI
PSI

Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes

All subscales < 8 or NW?


All subscales > 12 or NS?

No
No
No
No

---For Unitary Indexes Only--Index

Index Score

Average Index Score

Client Difference

VCI
PRI
WMI
PSI
Sum of All Four Indexes =
Index

Client
Difference

Difference
Required for
Significance1

4=
Difference
Required to be
Uncommon2

VCI
PRI
WMI
PSI

Personal Strength
or Weakness?
Uncommon?

14.0
13.5
15.0
17.0

S
S
S
S

W
W
W
W

NA
NA
NA
NA

U
U
U
U

Descriptor3

LE
LE
LE
LE

BA
BA
BA
BA

WNL
WNL
WNL
WNL

1 Based on age from the table below


2 Uncommon Differences all occur at the 10% or less frequency level
3 See FSIQ/GAI/Index Range Table on Page 1

Differences Required for .05 Level Significance by Age


Age

VCI

PRI

WMI

PSI

Age

VCI

PRI

WMI

PSI

7.9

7.9

7.6

9.8

12

6.1

6.8

6.8

8.0

7.7

7.7

8.2

10.3

13

6.6

6.9

7.5

8.1

7.3

7.1

7.6

8.4

14

6.2

7.2

6.9

8.0

7.1

10.9

7.7

8.5

15

6.2

7.2

7.2

7.7

10

7.1

10.9

7.7

8.2

16

6.2

7.5

6.9

8.0

11

6.9

6.9

7.2

7.8

Based on Table 4.3 in Flanagan and Kaufman

AA
AA
AA
AA

UE
UE
UE
UE

STEP 3 - SUBTEST DISCREPANCIES


Sattler still suggests comparing subtests to either the FSIQ mean, or the VCI and PRI mean to
determine a child's personal strengths and weaknesses
Subscale
Score
Mean
Client
Difference Required
Strength
Score
Difference
for Significance1 2
Weakness
Uncommon
Similarities

(3)

S W U

Vocabulary

(3)

S W U

Comprehension

(3)

S W U

(Information)

S W U

(Word Reasoning)

S W U

Block Design

(4)

S W U

Picture Concepts

(4)

S W U

Matrix Reasoning

(3)

S W U

(Picture Completion)

S W U

Digit Span

(4)

S W U

Letter Number

(4)

S W U

(Arithmetic)

S W U

Coding

(4)

S W U

Symbol Search

(4)

S W U

(Cancellation)

Mean Used:

S W U

VCI and PRI Mean

FSIQ Mean

1 Table below includes Difference Required for Significance from whole sample
2 Numbers in parenthesis are seen in 10% or less of the sample

Difference Required for Significance at .05 Level


Subtest

Mean of 3
Index Subtests

Mean of 4
Index Subtests

Mean of 5
Index Subtests

Mean of 15
Subtests

Similarities

2.23

2.46

2.65

3.22

Vocabulary

2.11

2.28

2.43

3.22

Comprehension

2.41

2.73

2.96

3.06

2.51

2.70

3.64

2.81

3.01

3.40

(Information)
(Word Reasoning)
Block Design

2.22

2.47

2.88

Picture Concepts

2.38

2.70

2.80

Matrix Reasoning

2.09

2.27

2.85

2.57

3.70

(Picture Completion)
Digit Span

2.05

3.83

Letter Number

1.95

3.40

(Arithmetic)

2.03

3.88

Coding

2.46

3.30

Symbol Search

2.61

3.01

(Cancellation)

2.63

3.78

Flanagan and Kaufman's Planned Comparisons


Cluster 1

Cluster 2

Gf
MR PCn A

Gv
BD PCm

Actual
Difference Required to
Difference
be Uncommon

Are These Unitary Factors? (< 5 points)


Gf highest score - lowest score
Yes No
Gv highest score - lowest score
Yes No

Scaled
Scores
Sum Scaled
Scores

Standard
Scores*

When Gf (Fluid Reasoning) is higher, it may


indicate the child has good verbal reasoning ability
and can solve problems most easily when they are
able to translate visual into verbal material

Gf nonverbal
MR PCn

Gv
BD PCm

Sig

Non

Are These Unitary Factors? (< 5 points)


Gf nonverbal highest score - lowest score
Yes No
Gv highest score - lowest score
Yes No

Sum Scaled
Scores

Needed - 21

When Gv (Visual Reasoning) is higher, it may indicate the


child has good basic visual skills, but difficulty using visual
information, as when making predictions based on charts and
graphs, and integrating visual information to solve a problem

Scaled
Scores

Standard
Scores*

Strength?

Needed - 24

Sig

Non

When Gf nonverbal (Nonverbal Fluid Reasoning) is When Gv (Visual Reasoning) is higher, it may indicate that
higher, it may indicate that the child may learn
the child has a good basic visual skills, but has difficulty
best when new information is organized with
using visual information, as when making predictions based
graphics, charts, drawings, etc...
on charts and graphs, and integrating visual information to
solve a problem

Gf nonverbal
MR PCn

Gf verbal
SI WR

Are These Unitary Factors? (< 5 points)


Gf nonverbal highest score - lowest score
Yes No
Gv verbal highest score - lowest score
Yes No

Scaled
Scores
Sum Scaled
Scores

Standard
Scores*

Needed - 24

Sig

Non

When Gf nonverbal (Nonverbal Fluid Reasoning) is When Gf verbal (Verbal Fluid Reasoning) is higher, it may
higher, it may indicate that the child may learn
indicate the child can reason most easily with verbally-based
best when new information is organized with
material; they may do well with "lecture format" classes, so
graphics, charts, drawings, etc...
long as they do not include too many pictures, charts, and
graphs

Gc lexical
WR VO

Gc general
CO IN

Are These Unitary Factors? (< 5 points)


Gc lexical highest score - lowest score
Yes No
Gc general highest score - lowest score
Yes No

Scaled
Scores
Sum Scaled
Scores
Standard
Scores*

When Gc lexical (Crystalized Lexical Knowledge) is


higher, it may indicate that the child can reason
with words, but has limited factual information;
writing may be hard because they know the words
to use, but have little to say, and can read but not
understand important points

Needed - 17

Sig

Non

When Gc general (General Crystalized Knowledge) is higher,


it may indicate that the child has good factual knowledge,
but difficulty with words; this may mean that on writing
assignments, the child knows what to say that does not know
how to say it, and may be able to read and understand
familiar topics but have difficulty with novel material

Gc LTM
IN VO

Gsm WM
LN DSp

Are These Unitary Factors? (< 5 points)


Gc LTM highest score - lowest score
Yes No
Gs WM highest score - lowest score
Yes No

Scaled
Scores
Sum Scaled
Scores

Standard
Scores*

When Glc LTM (Long-Term Memory) is higher, it


may indicate that the child has adequate factual
knowledge through repeated practice with familiar
topics, but when learning new material has
difficulty holding information in short-term
memory long enough to understand the "big
picture"

Gc LTM
IN VO

Gf verbal
SI WR

Non

Are These Unitary Factors? (< 5 points)


Gc LTM highest score - lowest score
Yes No
Gf verbal highest score - lowest score
Yes No

Sum Scaled
Scores

Sig

When Gsm WM (Short-Term Memory or Working Memory) is


higher, it may indicate that the child can learn new
information, but has difficulty recalling it with a delay; others
may say they know information immediately after studying,
but forget it the next day. They likely are not forgetting, but
rather are not learning it in a way that they can later recall

Scaled
Scores

Standard
Scores*

Needed - 24

Needed - 17

Sig

Non

When Glc LTM (Long-Term Memory) is higher, it


When Gf verbal (Verbal Fluid Reasoning) is higher, it may
may indicate that the child has adequate factual
indicate the child can reason most easily with verbally-based
knowledge through repeated practice with familiar material, but may have little information to reason with
topics, but has difficulty using new information
* See Tables 1 through 8 to convert Sum Scaled Scores into Standard Scores

Sattler's Suggested Scale Score Descriptors


Scaled
Score

Description

Percentile
Range

Scaled
Score

Description

Percentile
Range

1 to 4

Exceptional weakness
Very poorly developed
Far below average

1st to 2nd

13 to 15

Strength
Well developed
Above average

84th to 95th

5 to 7

Weakness
Poorly developed
Below average

5th to 16th

16 to 19

Exceptional strength
Very well developed
Superior

98th to 99th

8 to 12

Average

25th to 75th

Average Digits Recalled by Age


Age

DSpan
Forwards

6-8

9-14

15-16

Recalled By

50-75%

DSpan
Backwards
3
4

%tile

50-75%

5
R Niolon

Sums of Scaled Scores to Cluster Standard Scores


Table 1 Gf (Fluid Reasoning)
SSS
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16

Stand
Score
50
52
54
55
57
59
61
62
64
66
67
69
71
73

%tile

SSS

<1
<1
<1
<1
<1
<1
<1
1
1
1
1
2
3
3

17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30

Stand
Score
75
77
78
80
82
84
86
88
90
92
94
96
98
100

%tile

SSS

5
6
7
9
12
14
17
21
25
29
35
40
45
50

31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44

Stand
Score
102
104
106
109
111
113
115
117
119
121
123
125
127
129

%tile

SSS

55
62
65
73
77
81
84
87
89
92
93
95
97
97

45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57

Stand
Score
131
132
134
136
137
139
141
142
144
146
147
149
150

%tile
98
98
99
99
99
>99
>99
>99
>99
>99
>99
>99
>99

95% Conf = + 8

Table 2 Gv (Visual Reasoning)


SSS
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11

Stand
Score
50
53
56
59
62
65
67
70
72
75

%tile

SSS

<1
<1
<1
<1
1
1
1
2
3
5

12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21

Stand
Score
78
80
83
86
88
91
94
97
100
103

%tile

SSS

7
9
13
17
21
27
35
43
50
57

22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31

Stand
Score
106
108
111
114
117
120
123
126
130
133

%tile

SSS

65
71
77
83
87
91
93
96
98
99

32
33
34
35
36
37
38

Stand
Score
106
109
112
115
118
121
124
127
130
133

%tile

SSS

65
73
79
84
88
92
95
97
98
99

32
33
34
35
36
37
38

Stand
Score
105
108
111
113
116
120
123
126
129
132

%tile

SSS

65
71
77
81
86
91
93
96
97
98

32
33
34
35
36
37
38

Table 3 Gf nonverbal (Nonverbal Fluid Reasoning)


SSS
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11

Stand
Score
50
53
55
58
61
64
67
69
71
74

%tile

SSS

<1
<1
<1
<1
<1
1
1
2
3
4

12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21

Stand
Score
77
79
82
85
88
91
94
97
100
103

%tile

SSS

6
8
12
16
21
27
35
43
50
57

22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31

Table 4 Gf verbal (Verbal Fluid Reasoning)


SSS
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11

Stand
Score
50
52
55
58
61
63
66
69
72
75

%tile

SSS

<1
<1
<1
<1
<1
1
1
2
3
5

12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21

Stand
Score
78
81
84
86
89
92
94
97
100
102

%tile

SSS

7
11
14
17
21
29
35
43
50
55

22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31

Stand
Score
135
138
140
143
145
148
150

%tile
99
99
>99
>99
>99
>99
>99

95% Conf = + 8

Stand
Score
135
138
140
143
145
148
150

%tile
99
99
>99
>99
>99
>99
>99

95% Conf = + 8

Stand
Score
135
137
140
142
145
147
150

%tile
99
99
>99
>99
>99
>99
>99

95% Conf = + 8

Table 5 Gc lexical (Crystalized Lexical Knowledge)


SSS
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11

Stand
Score
50
53
56
59
62
65
68
71
74
76

%tile

SSS

<1
<1
<1
<1
1
1
2
3
4
5

12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21

Stand
Score
79
81
84
86
89
91
94
96
99
102

%tile

SSS

8
11
14
17
21
27
35
40
48
55

22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31

Stand
Score
105
108
110
113
116
120
123
126
129
132

%tile

SSS

65
71
75
81
86
91
93
96
97
98

32
33
34
35
36
37
38

Stand
Score
105
108
111
114
117
120
123
126
129
131

%tile

SSS

65
71
77
83
87
91
93
96
97
98

32
33
34
35
36
37
38

Stand
Score
105
108
111
113
116
119
122
125
127
130

%tile

SSS

65
71
77
81
86
89
92
95
97
98

32
33
34
35
36
37
38

Stand
Score
104
107
110
113
116
120
123
126
129
132

%tile

SSS

62
67
75
81
86
91
94
96
97
98

32
33
34
35
36
37
38

Table 6 Gc general (General Crystalized Knowledge)


SSS
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11

Stand
Score
50
53
56
59
62
65
68
71
73
76

%tile

SSS

<1
<1
<1
<1
1
1
2
3
3
5

12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21

Stand
Score
78
81
83
85
88
91
94
97
99
102

%tile

SSS

7
11
13
16
21
27
35
43
48
55

22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31

Table 7 Gc LTM (Long-Term Memory/Retrieval)


SSS
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11

Stand
Score
50
54
57
60
63
66
69
72
74
77

%tile

SSS

<1
<1
<1
<1
1
1
2
3
3
6

12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21

Stand
Score
79
81
84
87
89
91
94
97
99
102

%tile

SSS

8
11
14
19
21
27
35
43
48
55

22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31

%tile

SSS

6
9
13
17
21
27
35
43
48
55

22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31

Table 8 Standard Scores for Gsm WM


SSS
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11

Stand
Score
50
52
54
56
59
62
65
68
71
74

%tile

SSS

<1
<1
<1
<1
<1
1
1
2
3
4

12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21

Stand
Score
77
80
83
86
88
91
94
97
99
102

Stand
Score
135
137
140
142
145
147
150

%tile
99
99
>99
>99
>99
>99
>99

95% Conf = + 8

Stand
Score
133
136
139
142
145
148
150

%tile
99
99
>99
>99
>99
>99
>99

95% Conf = + 8

Stand
Score
133
136
138
141
144
148
150

%tile
99
99
99
>99
>99
>99
>99

95% Conf = + 8

Stand
Score
135
138
141
144
146
148
150

%tile
99
99
>99
>99
>99
>99
>99

95% Conf = + 8