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The Crusades Chart

First Crusade

Second Crusade

Third Crusade

Fourth Crusade

Dates/Range

1096- 1099

1147-1149

1189-1192

1202-1204

Participants
(name and
description)

Alexius Comnenus I:
Byzantine Emperor who
sent envoys to the Pope
requesting military support
Urban: travelled to france
to address the church
concil and reunite the
eastern orthodox and
roman catholic church
Robert: sanctioned the
establishment

-Pope Eugenius III


-King Louis VII

-Fredrick Barbarossa of
the Holey Roman Empire
- died soon after
joining the other two to
journey to the Middle
East.
-Philip Augustus of
France
-Began the Saladin
Tithe with Richard to fund
the Crusade.
- After arguing with
Richard, he returned
home and left the
crusade.
-Richard the Lion
Hearted of England
- Carried out the
crusades alone when the
others returned home or
died.

-Pope Innocent III


Called a new crusade
to regain the Holy Land
-Dandola
The doge; The ruler of
Venice
-Geoffroi de Villehardouin
A noble man form
Champagne who
participated in the sack of
Constantinople

Fredrick moved his


troops through Hungary.
He drowned however and
most of the troops
returned. Philip and
Richard met in Sicily,
where they fought. They
argued in Palestine and
Philip returned home.

French knights assembled


in Venice then went to
capture Zara as payment
to the doge for passage.
Then, they attacked
Constantinople, which
inevitably fell.

Journey/Route
(include an
image)
F
rom Clermont in France to
Nicea and then through
the middle east, and

Both France and


Italy tried to send
their army against
the Crusades but
failed

-Saladin

Moslem who
conquered Iraq,
Syria, and Egypt,
conquered the
Crusaders

Saladin invaded
Jerusalem and
surrounded the
Crusaders, the
Crusaders fell to the
Moslems

jerusalem

Richard sieged Acre and


took it a few years later.

Specific Objective

Aid the Christians in the


east and liberate the holy
land from the infidels.

To take the land back


from the Crusaders.

To gain back Jerusalem


and expand holdings in
the Middle East.

To regain the Holy Land


and capture Zara for the
doge as payment for
entering their land.

Miscellaneous
Information

The Crusadors invaded


Jerusalem.

Muslims capture
Jerusalem.

After the siege, Richard


signed a treaty with
Saladin that guaranteed
Christians safety and
access to the city.

After capturing
Constantinople, great
riches were discovered.
The attack stoked the
bitter relationship between
the Latin and Greek
churches.

On the way back from


Acre, Richard was
captured by Leopold of
Austria and held for a
huge ransom.
Outcome positive:

The Crusadors remained


in the holy land and
developed better
Relationships with the
Muslims.

The land was taken back


from the Crusaders

The Europeans took


Acre.

Zara and Constantinople


where captured.

Outcome
negative:

Many people died and


regretted their decisions
during the harsh journeys,
and they did not take back

The Christians lost their


land to the Moslems

Little was accomplished


and the divides between
the major powers in
Europe were highlighted.

It set in motion the fall of


the Byzantine empire

the Holy Land.


As a whole:
Positive: Some of the Holy Land was regained. The city of Constantinople/capital of the Byzantine empire was captured and lay in
the hands of the Christians. Trade increased between the middle east and Europe.
Negative: Land was lost to the Muslims. Tensions rose between nationalities, lots of people died. The Muslims gained land. The
weaknesses of the rifts formed that lasted for centuries. Alliances and conflicts began which would carry on until the first World War.
With the capture of Constantinople, the fall of the Byzantine Empire began. The Christians failed in their original purpose of bringing
the Holy Land under Christian control.
Argument: Crusaders were motivated by their search for adventure. Third Crusade. Location: Acre