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History of

Subcontinent
Chapter # 2

Advent of Muslims in
Subcontinent

Muhammad Bin Qasim


(711)
Raja Dahir and Pirates
Hajaj bin Yousuf governor
of east part of Arab empire
Muhammad Bin Qasim was
nephew of Hajaj Bin Yousuf

Mahmud Ghazni
Son of Subugtagin
Interested in central Asia and its trade
routes
Mahmud Ghazni and Jayapala (Hindu shahi)
2010 conquered Punjab
1025 raid on Somnath

Muhammad Ghori
Conquest Khurasan
1192 A.D captured Delhi
Faught against Rajput

He appointed Qutbuddin Aibak as


viceroy of subcontinent .

Slave dynasty
(1206-90)

Qutubuddin Aibuk (1206-10)


He was slave
Become trusted general
After his masters death
he was not supported
by people of Ghazni
Lived in Lahore in last
days

Altamash (1211-36)
Son-in-law of Qutubuddin Aibuk
Maintained Delhis control (Holding
Punjab and Sindh regions)
Welcomed people fleeted from Mongol

Razia Sultana (1236-40)


Daughter of Altmash
Given charge of Delhi
Adminsitration
Turkish Governors
She joined forces of
rebellions
She was killed by
robbers in 1240

Khilji Dynasty

Jalaluddin Khilji (1290-6)


Governor General of Punjab
Many fights against Mongols
When become administrator, reach
to peace

Alauddin Khilji (1296-1316)


Nephew of Jallaludin Khilji
He dealt with Mongols
Bold and ambiguous

Tughlaq Dynasty (13201412)

Muhammad Bin Tughlaq


(1325-51)
Son of Giasusdin Tughlaq
Moved center from Delhi to south
Deogin (daultabad)
Ibin Batuta (traveler and religious
scholar)

Timur Lang
1398
Son of minor chief
Ambitious to conquer
Mongol empire for Islam.
10 year rule in Transoxiana
Relied on Muslim religious
leaders to administer his
towns.
Respect for Muslims

Struggle of Delhi, it was


destroyed and people were
slaughtered and enslaved
He is famous for destruction
and constructions
Died 1405

Sayyid Dynasty (141451)

Khizr Khan
Delhi control
dwindled
His son was Mubaruk
Shah struggled to
defend Delhi from
Gakkars.
During third sayyid
ruler, Multan became
independent of Delhi

Bahlul Lodhi
1479: reannexed
northern
subcontinent
He was
unsuccessful in
conquering Multan

Ibrahim Lodhi (1517-26)

Afghan
Defeated by Mughals
Son of Sikandar Lodhi
Faced number of rebellions
Ibrahim died in the Battle of
Panipat (1526) against
Babur

Mughal
Dynasty