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WorldWarIIGroupCenters

Center1:OverallReading
Directions:Thisstationistobecompletelyindependent.Youaretoreadthereadingbelowand
completethetasksandquestionsprovided.

Tasks:
Highlightthemainideas
Circlewordsunknown
Summarizeparagraphsinthemargins

JapansPacificCampaign

(modifiedfromWorldHistory,PatternsofInteractionsTextbook)

SurpriseAttackonPearlHarbor:ByOctober1940,AmericanshadcrackedoneofthecodesthattheJapanese
usedinsendingsecretmessages.Therefore,theywerewellawareofJapaneseplansforSoutheastAsia.If
JapanconqueredEuropeancoloniesthere,itcouldalsothreatentheAmericancontrolledPhilippineIslandsand
Guam.TostoptheJapaneseadvance,theU.SgovernmentsentaidtostrengthenChineseresistance.And
whentheJapaneseoverranFrenchIndochinaVietnam,Cambodia,andLaosin1941,Rooseveltcutoffoil
shipmentstoJapan.
Despiteanoilshortage,theJapanesecontinuedtheirconquests.TheyhopedtocatchtheEuropean
colonialpowersandtheUnitedStatesbysurprise.SotheyplannedmassiveattacksonBritishandDutch
coloniesinSoutheastAsiaandonAmericanoutpostsinthePacificatthesametime,AdmiralIsorokuYamamoto,
Japansgreatestnavalstrategist,alsocalledforanattackontheU.SfleetinHawaii.Itwas,hesaid,adagger
pointedatJapansthroatandmustbedestroyed.
DayofInfamy:EarlyinthemorningofDecember7,1941,AmericansailorsatPearlHarborinHawaiiawoketo
theroarofexplosives.AJapaneseattackwasunderway!U.Smilitaryleadershadknownfromacoded
Japanesemessagethatanattackmightcome.Buttheydidnotknowwhenorwhereitwouldoccur.Within
twohours,theJapanesehadsunkordamaged19ships,including8battleships,mooredinPearlHarbor.More
than2,300Americanwerekilledwithover1,100wounded.NewsoftheattackstunnedtheAmericanpeople.
Thenextday,PresidentRooseveltaddressedCongress.December7,1941,hedeclared,wasadatewhichwill
liveininfamy.CongressquicklyacceptedhisrequestforadeclarationofwaronJapananditsallies.
AlmostatthesametimeofthePearlHarborattack,theJapaneselaunchedbombingraidsontheBritish
colonyofHongKongandAmericancontrolledGuamandWakeIslands.Theyalsolandedaninvasionforcein
Thailand.TheJapanesedriveforaPacificempirewasunderway.
TheAlliesStrikeBack:Afterastringofvictories,theJapaneseseemedunbeatable.Nonetheless,the
AlliesmainlyAmericanandAustralianswereanxioustostrikebackinthePacific.TheUnitedStatesin
particularwantedrevengeforPearlHarbor.InApril1942,sixteenB25bombersunderthecommandof
LieutenantColonelJamesH.DoolittlebombedTokyoandseveralotherJapanesecities.Thebombsdidlittle
damage.Theraid,however,madeanimportantandpsychologicalpointtobothAmericansandJapanese:Japan
wasvulnerabletoattack.
TheAlliesTurntheTide:DoolittlesraidonJapanraisedAmericanmoraleandshooktheconfidenceofsomein
Japan.AsoneJapanesecitizennoted,Westartedtodoubtthatwewereinvincible.Inaddition,some
Japaneseworriedthatdefendingandcontrollingavastempirehadcausedthemtospreadtheirresourcestoo
thin.

Slowly,theAlliesbegantoturnthetideofwar.EarlyinMay1942,anAmericanfleetwithAustralian
supportinterceptedaJapanesestrikeforceheadedforPortMoresbyinNewGuinea.Thiscityhouseda
criticalAlliedairbase.ControloftheairbasewouldputtheJapaneseineasystrikingdistanceofAustralia.
InthebattlethefollowedtheBattleoftheCoralSeabothsidesusedanewkindofnavalwarfare.
Theopposingshipsdidnotfireasingleshot.Infact,theyoftencouldnotseeonanother.Instead,airplanes
takingofffromhugeaircraftcarriersattackedtheyships.TheAlliessufferedmorelossesinshipsandtroops
thandidtheJapanese.However,theBattleoftheCoralSeawassomethingofavictory,fortheAllieshad
stoppedJapanssouthwardadvance.
TheBattleofMidway:JapannexttargetedMidwayIsland,some1,500mileswestofHawaii,thelocationofakey
Americanairfield.ThankstoAlliedcodebreakers,AdmiralChesterNimitz,commanderinchiefoftheU.SPacific
Fleet,knewthatahugeJapaneseforcewasheadingtowardMidway.AdmiralYamamotohimselfwasincommand
oftheJapanesefleet.HehopedthattheattackonMidwaywoulddrawthewholeoftheU.SPacificFleetfrom
PearlHarbortodefendtheisland.
OnJune4,withAmericanforceshiddenbeyondthehorizon,NimitzallowedtheJapanesetobegintheir
assaultontheisland.AsthefirstJapaneseplanesgotintotheair,Americanplanesswoopedintoattackthe
Japanesefleet.ManyJapaneseplaneswerestillonthedecksoftheaircraftcarriers.Thestrategywasa
success.Americanpilotsdestroyed332Japaneseplanes,allfouraircraftcarriers,andonesupportship.
Yamamotoorderedhiscrippledfleettowithdraw.ByJune,1942,thebattlewasover.TheBattleofMidway
turnedthetideofwarinthePacific

Questions:
1. WhymighttheAmericanssendtheirentirePacificFleettodefendMidwayIsland?
________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________
2. WhathappenedonDecember7,1941?
________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________
3. HowwilltheAlliesStrikeBack?
________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________
4. WhatwouldhappenattheBattleofMidway?
________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________

Center2:Vocabulary
Directions:Inyourgroupcompletealloftheactivitiesbelow.Aftercompletingtheactivities
belowusingthewordwall/whiteboardsortthewordspicturesandpeopleintothosecategories
forWorldWarII.

Writeasentenceusingeachofthefollowingwordsonthelinesprovided.
Annex____________________________________________________
________________________________________________________
Propaganda_________________________________________________
________________________________________________________
Final
S
olution_________________________________________________
________________________________________________________
Axis
P
ower_________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________

CompletethefollowingWordConnection/WordSummaries

H___________________
O___________________
L___________________
O___________________
C___________________
A___________________
U___________________
S___________________
T___________________

H___________________
I___________________
T___________________

L___________________
E___________________
R___________________

Center3:CauseandEffect
Directions:Usethetwodifferentcolorcardsandsortthemintotheircorrectplaces.When
finishedsorting,checkthemwiththeanswerkeyprovided.Aftergettingthemsortedand
copieddowncorrectly,answerthequestionsbelowonthem.

Cause

Effect

BattleofMidway

AttheBattleofStalingrad,Germanywould
haveover90,000troopswhowerestarving
andfrostbittenbythecoldweather

TheAtomicBombswouldbeinvented

Japanwillsurrenderafterthebombingof
HiroshimaandNagasaki

Germansarebeingcontrolledbypropaganda
thatisdistributedbyAdolfHitlerandthe
Nazis

TheAtomicBombswouldbedroppedon
NagasakiandHiroshima

WorldWarIIhasnowofficiallyended.

Questions:
1. Summarizethecauseandeffectsintwosentences.
________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________
2. Placetheeventsonatimelineintheorderthatyouthinktheyhappenedandthenexplain
whyyouthinktheyhappenedinthatorder.

Center4:PrimarySources/Visuals
Directions:Answerallofthequestionsbasedontheresourcesprovidedwithyourgroup.
Reminders!
Answerthequestionsbasedonthecorrect
Resourcesgiven.
Makesuretoanswereverythingincomplete
sentences.
Everyoneinthegroupneedstohelporyou
willworkbyyourselvesfromnowon.
Questions:
1. Whatwillbeusedforthefirsttimeduringthiswar?
________________________________________________________
2. Wasthisthemostdestructivewarever?
a. Yes
b. No
Explain____________________________________________________
3. Whendidthewaractuallystart?
________________________________________________________
4. WhatwouldbethedateandeventthatpeoplethinkwasthestartofWorldWarII?
________________________________________________________
5. Describethenewmechanizedtypeofwarthatwouldbecreatedatthistime.
________________________________________________________
6. HowwouldGermanyattackGreatBritain?
________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________
7. Whatquote/posterwouldbecreatedduringWorldWarII?
________________________________________________________
8. Whywould1941beabigyearintheworld?
________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________
9. Whatdayin1941willliveininfamyandwhy?
________________________________________________________
10. WhatdidArgentinadoduringthewar?
________________________________________________________
11. Whatwasthehungerplan?
________________________________________________________
12. Explainthetopicsnotaskedinthequestionsabovefromthevideo.
________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________

Center5:Timeline
Directions:Putthedatesinchronologicalorderandthenwritethemdownonthetimelinebelow.
Aftercompletingthistaskanswerthequestionsbelow.

Questions:
1. Basedonthetimelineabove,whathappenedfirst?
________________________________________________________
2. Whathappenedin1942?
________________________________________________________
3. WhatyearwastheBattleofBritain?
________________________________________________________
4. WhatyearwouldItalyinvadeEthiopia?
________________________________________________________
5. WhywouldItalyinvadeEthiopia?
________________________________________________________
6. WhywouldJapanfinallysurrender?
________________________________________________________
Center6:NoteTaking
Directions:Fillinthechartbelowbasedonthereadinggivenbysummarizeeachtopic.
JapaneseInternmentCampsintheU.S
Wherewerethey?

Whywouldwehavethem?

Lifeinthecamps?

Aboutthecamps

AtomicBombs
Whereweretheydropped?

Whateffectsdidthebombshaveoneveryoneslives?

Whatdoesthephotographatthebottomofthepage
mean?

Listthreefactsfromthepagenotalreadymentioned
above.

BattleofMidway

TurningpointofthewarinthePacific

AttheBattleofStalingrad,Germanywould
haveover90,000troopswhowerestarving
andfrostbittenbythecoldweather

Germanywillsurrenderduringthisbattle.(notthe
waronlythesinglebattle)

TheAtomicBombswouldbeinvented

TheUnitedStateswouldusethesetolevel
HiroshimaandNagasakiinordertoforceJapanto
surrender.

Japanwillsurrenderafterthebombingof
HiroshimaandNagasaki

WorldWarIIwillofficiallydone.

Germansarebeingcontrolledbypropaganda ThenightofBrokenGlassorKristallnachtwillbe
thatisdistributedbyAdolfHitlerandthe thenightwhenJewishSynagoguesandbusinesses
Nazis
willbedestroyedandburned

TheAtomicBombswouldbedroppedon
NagasakiandHiroshima

Closeto200,000peoplewilldie,theground
temperaturewillrisetoover7,000degrees,
hurricanewindswillstretchover980milesperhr.

WorldWarIIhasnowofficiallyended.

Rebuildingawartornworldwillnowstartandtake
alotofmoneyandtime.


1939GermanyinvadesPoland

1935ItalyinvadesEthiopia

1933AdolfHitlerbecomeChancellorofGermany

June,1942:AlliesdefeatJapaninthebattleofMidway

September,1943:ItalySurrenderstotheAllies

April30,1945:AdolfHitlercommitssuicide

June1940:BattleofBritainwouldtakeplace

September,1945:JapansurrendersendingWW11