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Mathematics Form 1

Chapter 2.3
By Kelvin

Prime number
Determining Prime Numbers
1. Aprime numberis awhole number that can
only be divided by itself and 1.
2. Thus, 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17,... are prime
numbers.
3. The first prime number is 2.
4. To determine whether a given number is a
prime number, carry out the following steps.

Steps 1: Divide the given number by prime


numberswhose squares are less than it.
Steps 2: If the given number cannot be
divided exactly byall the prime numbers,
than it is a prime number.
Worked example
Determine whether each of the following is
a prime numbers or not.
(a) 45 (b) 73

Solution

Worked example
List all the prime numbers between 30 and
60.
Solution
Write down all the odd numbers between
30and 60 and then cross out all the
numbers divisible by 3, 5, 7.
31,33,35, 37,39, 41, 43,45,47,49,51,
53,55, 57, 59

Therefore, the prime numbers between 30


and 60 are 31, 37, 41, 43, 47, 53 and 59.

Worked example
Find the sum of all theprime numbers
which are less than 10.
Solution
Prime numbers which are less than 10 are
2, 3, 5and 7.
Therefore, its sum = 2+ 3 +5 +7 = 17

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