Sei sulla pagina 1di 40

EQUIPMENT : RECTANGULAR TANK FOR DIRECT

ORIENTAL
MANUFACTURERS

DOCUMENT NO. : OMPL-DC-204


COVER PAGE

1
1
30-Apr-15
CHKD. APPD.
SNS
CP

P.O. NO.

4608183-000/7.12.050/I06

CUSTOMER

AIR LIQUIDE GODREJ

EQUIPMENT

RECTANGULAR TANK FOR DIRECT


COOILNG WATER

JOB NO.

V-505

MFR'S SERIAL NO.

001345

TOTAL PAGES
(INCL. THIS PAGE)

11

MECHANICAL DESIGN CALCULATIONS


FOR
RECTANGULAR TANK FOR DIRECT COOILNG WATER

Tag No.: 105F06


DOCUMENT NO. : OMPL-DC-204
REVISION NO. OF THIS SHEET INDICATES REVISION NO. OF ENTIRE DOCUMENT

1
0

30-Apr-15
18-Mar-15

ISSUE FOR APPROVAL


ISSUE FOR APPROVAL

SNS
SNS

CP
CP

REV.

DATE

CONTENT

CHKD

APPD

Rectangular Tank Calculation Sheet

RECTANGULAR TANK CALCULATION SHEET FOR TAG 104F04


I. DESIGN PARAMETERS:
- Code Design

: API 650 & Roark's Formulas


Pd :

- Design pressure

2169.5
=
21.28
:
100
:
ATM
:
50
C.A :
0
:
1.00
:
0.85
:
1.00
E : 2.74*E+7
= 188916350

- Design temperature
- Operating pressure
- Operating temperature
- Corrosion Allowance
- Liquid Specific Gravity
- Joint Efficiency
- Elastic Modulus

MATERIAL SPECIFICATION:
- Shell, Roof & Bottom

kg/m2
kPa
o
C

(Annexure-1)

C
mm
o

(For Shell)
(For Roof & Bottom)
psi
kPa

- Nozzle Neck
- Flange
- Pipe Fittings
- Bolts & Nuts
- Stiffeners

:
: SS 304L
Sa :
16700.1 psi
=
115143 kPa
Sb : 11022.066 psi
=
75994.47 kPa
: A 182 F 304L
: A 182 F 304L
: A 312 TP 304L
: A 193 Gr B7 / A 194 Gr. 2H
: SS 304L

TANK GEOMETRY:
- Height
- Length
- Width

H:
L:
W:

- Allowable Stress

Height (H)

- Allowable Bending Stress

Width (W)

Page 2 of 40

1500 mm
1600 mm
1400 mm

Rectangular Tank Calculation Sheet


II. DESIGN
II.1 Side Wall Plate Calculation (Height x Length)
II.1.1 Wall Thickness Calculation
(As per Roark's Formulas 7Th Ed, Table 11.4 Case 1a)

Height (H)

Length (L)

Vertical length without reinforced


Horizontal length without reinforced
Ratio,

Required thickness

a:
b:
a/b :
=
=

500 mm
533 mm
0.94
0.0444
0.2874

(Formula No.-3 of Ch. 13 -Design Of Rectangular Tank)

tr = Sqrt(*Pd*b2)/Sb) + C.A
Adopted thickness
Maximum deflection
Ymax = *Pd*b4/(E*ta3)

Stiffeners

=
ta :

4.78 mm
6.00 mm
(Formula No.-4 of Ch. 13 -Design Of Rectangular Tank)
=
1.87 mm

Ymax

1/2 ta
<
(Last para. Of Design Procedure w/o stiffner, Ch. 13
-Design Of Rectangular Tank)
1.87mm
<
3mm
Therefore, adopted thickness is satisfactory

II.1.2 Top Edge Stiffener


Ref: Formula No.-12 & 14 of Ch. 13 -Design Of Rectangular Tank
R1 = 0.03*Pd*a

0.32 kN/m

R2 = 0.32*Pd*a

3.40 kN/m

Moment inertia required: (Ref: Formula No.-9 of Ch. 13 -Design Of Rectangular Tank )
Jmin = R1*b4/(192*E*ta)
=
118.64 mm4
Moment inertia of used stiffener (angle 50x50x6):
Jx = Jy

0.0119 cm4

12.8 cm4

Therefore, Top edge stiffener is satisfactory


II.1.3 Horizontal Stiffener
Moment inertia required: (Ref: Formula No.-9 of Ch. 13 -Design Of Rectangular Tank )
Jmin = R2*b4/(192*E*ta)
=
1265.55 mm4
Moment inertia of used stiffener (angle 50x50x6):
Jx = Jy

0.1266 cm4

12.8 cm4

Therefore, Horizontal stiffener is satisfactory

Page 3 of 40

Rectangular Tank Calculation Sheet


II.1.4 Vertical Stiffener
288.70 mm

Maximum bending moment at Hy = 0.5774*amax


=
(Pg. 272 Adding vertical stiffner - Dist. For maxmium
bending moment)

Maximum bending moment: (Ref: Formula No.-16 of Ch. 13 -Design Of Rectangular Tank )
Mmax = 0.0642*Pd*b*Hy2
=
0.06 kNm
Required section modulus:
Zr = Mmax/Sa

=
=

Section modulus of used stiffener (angle 50x50x6):


Z
Therefore, Vertical stiffener is satisfactory

5.27E-07 mm3
0.53 cm3
3.61 cm3

II.2 Side Wall Plate Calculation (Height x Width)


II.2.1 Wall Thickness Calculation
(As per Roark's Formulas 7Th Ed, Table 11.4 Case 1a)

Height (H)

b b b b

Width (W)

Vertical length without reinforced


Horizontal length without reinforced
Ratio,

Stiffeners

a:
b:
a/b :
=
=

750 mm
467 mm
1.61
0.0906
0.5172

Required thickness
(Formula No.-3 of Ch. 13 -Design Of Rectangular Tank)
tr = Sqrt(*Pd*b2)/Sb) + C.A
=
5.62 mm
ta :
Adopted thickness
6.00 mm
Maximum deflection
Ymax = *Pd*b4/(E*ta3)

(Formula No.-4 of Ch. 13 -Design Of Rectangular Tank)


=
2.24 mm

Ymax

1/2 ta
<
(Last para. Of Design Procedure w/o stiffner, Ch. 13
-Design Of Rectangular Tank)
2.24mm
<
3mm
Therefore, adopted thickness is satisfactory

II.2.2 Top Edge Stiffener


Ref: Formula No.-12 & 14 of Ch. 13 -Design Of Rectangular Tank
R1 = 0.03*Pd*a

0.48 kN/m

R2 = 0.32*Pd*a

5.11 kN/m

Moment inertia required: (Ref: Formula No.-9 of Ch. 13 -Design Of Rectangular Tank )
Jmin = R1*b4/(192*E*ta)
=
104.32 mm4
Moment inertia of used stiffener (angle 50x50x6):
Jx = Jy

0.0104 cm4

12.8 cm4

Therefore, Top edge stiffener is satisfactory

Page 4 of 40

Rectangular Tank Calculation Sheet

Page 5 of 40

Rectangular Tank Calculation Sheet


II.2.3 Horizontal Stiffener
Moment inertia required: (Ref: Formula No.-9 of Ch. 13 -Design Of Rectangular Tank )
Jmin = R2*b4/(192*E*ta)
=
1112.76 mm4
Moment inertia of used stiffener (angle 50x50x6):
Jx = Jy

0.1113 cm4

12.8 cm4

Therefore, Horizontal stiffener is satisfactory


II.2.4 Vertical Stiffener
Maximum bending moment at Hy = 0.5773*amax
=
(Pg. 272 Adding vertical stiffner - Dist. For maxmium
bending moment)

432.98 mm

Maximum bending moment:(Ref: Formula No.-16 of Ch. 13 -Design Of Rectangular Tank )


Mmax = 0.0641*Pd*b*Hy2
=
0.12 kNm
Required section modulus:
Zr = Mmax/Sa
Section modulus of used stiffener (angle 50x50x6):
Z
Therefore, Vertical stiffener is satisfactory

=
=

1.04E-06 m3
1.04 cm3

3.61 cm3

II.3 Roof Plate Calculation


b

Width

(W
)

Length (L)

Loads on roof plate:


- Roof area:
- Live load:
- Roof weight:
- Roof structure weight:
- Roof Equipment weight:
- Dead load:
Total load on roof plate:
Distance without reinforced in width
Distance without reinforced in length
Ratio,

Stiffeners

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

2.24
1.5
156
100
100
1.6
3.1

m2
kPa
kg
kg
kg
kPa
kPa

a:
700 mm
b : 533.333333 mm
a/b :
1.31
=
0.0703
=
0.4194

Required thickness: (Formula No.-3 of Ch. 13 -Design Of Rectangular Tank)


tr = Sqrt(*Pd*b2)/Sb) + C.A
=
2.19 mm
ta :
Adopted thickness
6.00 mm
Maximum deflection: (Formula No.-4 of Ch. 13 -Design Of Rectangular Tank)
Ymax = *Pd*b4/(E*ta3)
=
0.43 mm
Ymax

1/2 ta
<
(Last para. Of Design Procedure w/o stiffner, Ch. 13
-Design Of Rectangular Tank)
0.43mm
<
3mm
Therefore, adopted thickness is satisfactory

Page 6 of 40

Rectangular Tank Calculation Sheet


II.4 Bottom Plate Calculation

W
idth(W
)

b b b b

Length (L)

Distance without reinforced in width


Distance without reinforced in length
Ratio,

Required thickness:
tr = Sqrt(*Pd*b2)/Sb) + C.A

Stiffeners

a:
b:
a/b :
=
=

700.000 mm
533.333 mm
1.31
0.0703
0.4194

=
5.78 mm
ta :
Adopted thickness
6.00 mm
Maximum deflection: (Formula No.-4 of Ch. 13 -Design Of Rectangular Tank)
Ymax = *Pd*b4/(E*ta3)
=
2.96 mm
Ymax

1/2 ta
<
(Last para. Of Design Procedure w/o stiffner, Ch. 13
-Design Of Rectangular Tank)
2.96mm
<
3mm
Therefore, adopted thickness is satisfactory

Page 7 of 40

Rectangular Tank Calculation Sheet

RECTANGULAR TANK CALCULATION SHEET


I. DESIGN PARAMETERS:
- Code Design

: API 650 & Roark's Formulas


Pd : Full water + 5 kPag
=
16.77 kPa
:
10 oC / AMB
:
ATM
:
50 oC
C.A :
0 mm
:
0.99
:
0.85 (For Shell)
:
1.00 (For Roof & Bottom)
E : 2.74*E+7
psi
= 199947962 kPa
retangular
:
: SS 316L
Sa :
16700.1 psi

- Design pressure
- Design temperature
- Operating pressure
- Operating temperature
- Corrosion Allowance
- Liquid Specific Gravity
- Joint Efficiency
- Elastic Modulus

MATERIAL SPECIFICATION:
- Shell, Roof & Bottom
- Allowable Stress

=
:
:
:
:
:

- Nozzle Neck
- Flange
- Pipe Fittings
- Bolts & Nuts
- Stiffeners
TANK GEOMETRY:
- Height
- Length
- Width

115143 kPa
A 182 F 316L
A 182 F 316L
A 312 TP 316L
A 193 Gr B7 / A 194 Gr 2
SS 316L

Height (H)

H:
L:
W:

Width (W)

Page 8 of 40

1200 mm
1100 mm
1000 mm

Rectangular Tank Calculation Sheet

Page 9 of 40

Rectangular Tank Calculation Sheet


II. DESIGN
II.1 Side Wall Plate Calculation (Height x Length)
II.1.1 Wall Thickness Calculation
(As per Roark's Formulas 7Th Ed, Table 11.4 Case 1a)

Height (H)

Stiffeners

Length (L)

Vertical length without reinforced


Horizontal length without reinforced
Ratio,

Required thickness
tr = Sqrt(*Pd*b2)/Sa) + C.A

a:
b:
a/b :
=
=

600 mm
550 mm
1.09
0.0522
0.3278

=
ta :

3.80 mm
6.00 mm

1.86 mm

II.1.2 Top Edge Stiffener


R1 = 0.03*Pd*a

0.30 kN/m

R2 = 0.32*Pd*a

3.22 kN/m

Adopted thickness
Maximum deflection
Ymax = *Pd*b4/(E*ta3)
Ymax

1/2 ta

<
1.86mm
<
3mm
Therefore, adopted thickness is satisfactory

Moment inertia required:


Jmin = R1*b4/(192*E*ta)

=
=

Moment inertia of used stiffener (angle 50x50x8):


Jx = Jy
=
Therefore, Top edge stiffener is satisfactory
II.1.3 Horizontal Stiffener
Moment inertia required:
Jmin = R2*b4/(192*E*ta)

=
=

Moment inertia of used stiffener (angle 50x50x8):


Jx = Jy
=
Therefore, Horizontal stiffener is satisfactory

Page 10 of 40

119.93 mm4
0.0120 cm4
16.3 cm4

1279.29 mm4
0.1279 cm4
16.3 cm4

Rectangular Tank Calculation Sheet

Page 11 of 40

Rectangular Tank Calculation Sheet


II.1.4 Vertical Stiffener
Maximum bending moment at Hy = 0.5773*amax

Maximum bending moment:


Mmax = 0.0641*Pd*b*Hy2

0.07 kNm

=
=

6.16E-07 mm3
0.62 cm3

Required section modulus:


Zr = Mmax/Sa

346.38 mm

Section modulus of used stiffener (angle 50x50x8):


Z
=
Therefore, Vertical stiffener is satisfactory

4.68 cm3

II.2 Side Wall Plate Calculation (Height x Width)


II.2.1 Wall Thickness Calculation
(As per Roark's Formulas 7Th Ed, Table 11.4 Case 1a)

Height (H)

b b b b

Stiffeners

Width (W)

Vertical length without reinforced


Horizontal length without reinforced
Ratio,

Required thickness
tr = Sqrt(*Pd*b2)/Sa) + C.A

a:
b:
a/b :
=
=

600 mm
500 mm
1.20
0.062
0.376

=
ta :

3.70 mm
6.00 mm

1.50 mm

II.2.2 Top Edge Stiffener


R1 = 0.03*Pd*a

0.30 kN/m

R2 = 0.32*Pd*a

3.22 kN/m

Adopted thickness
Maximum deflection
Ymax = *Pd*b4/(E*ta3)
Ymax

1/2 ta

<
1.5mm
<
3mm
Therefore, adopted thickness is satisfactory

Moment inertia required:


Jmin = R1*b4/(192*E*ta)

=
=

Moment inertia of used stiffener (angle 50x50x8):


Jx = Jy
=
Therefore, Top edge stiffener is satisfactory

Page 12 of 40

81.92 mm4
0.0082 cm4
16.3 cm4

Rectangular Tank Calculation Sheet

II.2.3 Horizontal Stiffener


Moment inertia required:
Jmin = R2*b4/(192*E*ta)

=
=

873.77 mm4
0.0874 cm4

Moment inertia of used stiffener (angle 50x50x8):


Jx = Jy
=
Therefore, Horizontal stiffener is satisfactory

16.3 cm4

II.2.4 Vertical Stiffener


Maximum bending moment at Hy = 0.5773*amax

Maximum bending moment:


Mmax = 0.0641*Pd*b*Hy2

0.06 kNm

=
=

5.60E-07 mm3
0.56 cm3

Required section modulus:


Zr = Mmax/Sa

346.38 mm

Section modulus of used stiffener (angle 50x50x8):


Z
=
Therefore, Vertical stiffener is satisfactory

4.68 cm3

II.3 Roof Plate Calculation


b

Width

(W
)

Stiffeners

Length (L)

Loads on roof plate:


- Roof area:
- Live load:
- Roof weight:
- Roof structure weight:
- Roof Equipment weight:
- Dead load:
Total load on roof plate:
Distance without reinforced in width
Distance without reinforced in length
Ratio,

Required thickness:
tr = Sqrt(*Pd*b2)/Sa) + C.A
Adopted thickness
Maximum deflection:
Ymax = *Pd*b4/(E*ta3)

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

1.1
1.5
102
100
100
2.7
4.2

m2
kPa
kg
kg
kg
kPa
kPa

a:
b:
a/b :
=
=

500 mm
550 mm
0.91
0.0444
0.2874

=
ta :

1.78 mm
6.00 mm

0.39 mm

Page 13 of 40

Assumed
Assumed
Assumed

Rectangular Tank Calculation Sheet


Ymax

1/2 ta
<
0.39mm
<
3mm
Therefore, adopted thickness is satisfactory

Page 14 of 40

Rectangular Tank Calculation Sheet


II.4 Bottom Plate Calculation

W
idth(W
)

b b b b

Stiffeners

Length (L)

Distance without reinforced in width


Distance without reinforced in length
Ratio,

Required thickness:
tr = Sqrt(*Pd*b2)/Sa) + C.A

a:
b:
a/b :
=
=

500 mm
550 mm
0.91
0.0444
0.2874

=
ta :

3.56 mm
6.00 mm

1.58 mm

Adopted thickness
Maximum deflection:
Ymax = *Pd*b4/(E*ta3)
Ymax

1/2 ta
<
1.58mm
<
3mm
Therefore, adopted thickness is satisfactory

Page 15 of 40

Rectangular Tank Calculation Sheet

Page 16 of 40

Rectangular Tank Calculation Sheet

TANK CALCULATION SHEET


I. DESIGN PARAMETERS:
- Code Design

: API 650 & Roark's Formulas


Pd : Full water + 5 kPag
=
24.62 kPa
:
60 oC / AMB
:
ATM
o
:
27 C
C.A :
0 mm
:
1.00
:
0.85 (For Shell)
:
1.00 (For Roof & Bottom)
E : 2.9*E+7
psi
= 199947962 kPa
retangular
:
: SS 316L
Sa :
16700 psi

- Design pressure
- Design temperature
- Operating pressure
- Operating temperature
- Corrosion Allowance
- Liquid Specific Gravity
- Joint Efficiency
- Elastic Modulus

MATERIAL SPECIFICATION:
- Shell, Roof & Bottom
- Allowable Stress

=
:
:
:
:
:

- Nozzle Neck
- Flange
- Pipe Fittings
- Bolts & Nuts
- Stiffeners
TANK GEOMETRY:
- Height
- Length
- Width

115142 kPa
A 182 F 316L
A 182 F 316L
A 312 TP 316L
A 193 Gr B8M / A 194 Gr 8M
SS 316L

Height (H)

H:
L:
W:

Width (W)

Page 17 of 40

2000 mm
5700 mm
1250 mm

Rectangular Tank Calculation Sheet

Page 18 of 40

Rectangular Tank Calculation Sheet


II. DESIGN
II.1 Side Wall Plate Calculation (Height x Length)
II.1.1 Wall Thickness Calculation
(As per Roark's Formulas 7Th Ed, Table 11.4 Case 1a)

Height (H)

Stiffeners

Length (L)

Vertical length without reinforced


Horizontal length without reinforced
Ratio,

Required thickness
tr = Sqrt(*Pd*b2)/Sa) + C.A

a:
b:
a/b :
=
=

667 mm
633 mm
1.05
0.0487
0.3096

=
ta :

5.15 mm
8.00 mm

1.88 mm

II.1.2 Top Edge Stiffener


R1 = 0.03*Pd*a

0.49 kN/m

R2 = 0.32*Pd*a

5.25 kN/m

Adopted thickness
Maximum deflection
Ymax = *Pd*b4/(E*ta3)
Ymax

1/2 ta

<
1.88mm
<
4mm
Therefore, adopted thickness is satisfactory

Moment inertia required:


Jmin = R1*b4/(192*E*ta)

=
=

Moment inertia of used stiffener (angle 65x65x6):


Jx = Jy
=
Therefore, Top edge stiffener is satisfactory
II.1.3 Horizontal Stiffener
Moment inertia required:
Jmin = R2*b4/(192*E*ta)

=
=

Moment inertia of used stiffener (angle 65x65x6):


Jx = Jy
=
Therefore, Horizontal stiffener is satisfactory

Page 19 of 40

257.95 mm4
0.0258 cm4
29.4 cm4

2751.49 mm4
0.2751 cm4
29.4 cm4

Rectangular Tank Calculation Sheet

Page 20 of 40

Rectangular Tank Calculation Sheet


II.1.4 Vertical Stiffener
Maximum bending moment at Hy = 0.5773*amax

Maximum bending moment:


Mmax = 0.0641*Pd*b*Hy2

0.15 kNm

=
=

1.29E-06 mm3
1.29 cm3

Required section modulus:


Zr = Mmax/Sa

384.87 mm

Section modulus of used stiffener (angle 65x65x6):


Z
=
Therefore, Vertical stiffener is satisfactory

6.26 cm3

II.2 Side Wall Plate Calculation (Height x Width)


II.2.1 Wall Thickness Calculation
(As per Roark's Formulas 7Th Ed, Table 11.4 Case 1a)

Height (H)

b b b b

Stiffeners

Width (W)

Vertical length without reinforced


Horizontal length without reinforced
Ratio,

Required thickness
tr = Sqrt(*Pd*b2)/Sa) + C.A

a:
b:
a/b :
=
=

667 mm
625 mm
1.07
0.0504
0.3185

=
ta :

5.16 mm
8.00 mm

1.85 mm

II.2.2 Top Edge Stiffener


R1 = 0.03*Pd*a

0.49 kN/m

R2 = 0.32*Pd*a

5.25 kN/m

Adopted thickness
Maximum deflection
Ymax = *Pd*b4/(E*ta3)
Ymax

1/2 ta

<
1.85mm
<
4mm
Therefore, adopted thickness is satisfactory

Moment inertia required:


Jmin = R1*b4/(192*E*ta)

=
=

Moment inertia of used stiffener (angle 65x65x6):


Jx = Jy
=
Therefore, Top edge stiffener is satisfactory

Page 21 of 40

244.64 mm4
0.0245 cm4
29.4 cm4

Rectangular Tank Calculation Sheet

II.2.3 Horizontal Stiffener


Moment inertia required:
Jmin = R2*b4/(192*E*ta)

=
=

2609.51 mm4
0.2610 cm4

Moment inertia of used stiffener (angle 65x65x6):


Jx = Jy
=
Therefore, Horizontal stiffener is satisfactory

29.4 cm4

II.2.4 Vertical Stiffener


Maximum bending moment at Hy = 0.5773*amax

Maximum bending moment:


Mmax = 0.0641*Pd*b*Hy2

0.15 kNm

=
=

1.27E-06 mm3
1.27 cm3

Required section modulus:


Zr = Mmax/Sa

384.87 mm

Section modulus of used stiffener (angle 65x65x6):


Z
=
Therefore, Vertical stiffener is satisfactory

6.26 cm3

II.3 Roof Plate Calculation


b

Width

(W
)

Stiffeners

Length (L)

Loads on roof plate:


- Roof area:
- Live load:
- Roof weight:
- Roof structure weight:
- Roof Equipment weight:
- Dead load:
Total load on roof plate:
Distance without reinforced in width
Distance without reinforced in length
Ratio,

Required thickness:
tr = Sqrt(*Pd*b2)/Sa) + C.A
Adopted thickness
Maximum deflection:
Ymax = *Pd*b4/(E*ta3)

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

7.125
1.5
386
116
120
0.9
2.4

m2
kPa
kg
kg
kg
kPa
kPa

a:
b:
a/b :
=
=

1250 mm
712.5 mm
1.75
0.0989
0.5559

=
ta :

2.40 mm
6.00 mm

1.39 mm

Page 22 of 40

Rectangular Tank Calculation Sheet


Ymax

1/2 ta
<
1.39mm
<
3mm
Therefore, adopted thickness is satisfactory

Page 23 of 40

Rectangular Tank Calculation Sheet


II.4 Bottom Plate Calculation

W
idth(W
)

b b b b

Stiffeners

Length (L)

Distance without reinforced in width


Distance without reinforced in length
Ratio,

Required thickness:
tr = Sqrt(*Pd*b2)/Sa) + C.A

a:
b:
a/b :
=
=

625 mm
633 mm
0.99
0.0435
0.283

=
ta :

4.93 mm
8.00 mm

1.68 mm

Adopted thickness
Maximum deflection:
Ymax = *Pd*b4/(E*ta3)
Ymax

1/2 ta
<
1.68mm
<
4mm
Therefore, adopted thickness is satisfactory

Page 24 of 40

Rectangular Tank Calculation Sheet

Page 25 of 40

Rectangular Tank Calculation Sheet

TANK CALCULATION SHEET


I. DESIGN PARAMETERS:
- Code Design

: API 650 & Roark's Formulas


Pd : Full water + 5 kPag
=
24.62 kPa
:
60 oC / AMB
:
ATM
o
:
27 C
C.A :
0 mm
:
1.00
:
0.85 (For Shell)
:
1.00 (For Roof & Bottom)
E : 2.9*E+7
psi
= 199947962 kPa
retangular
:
: SS 316L
Sa :
16700 psi

- Design pressure
- Design temperature
- Operating pressure
- Operating temperature
- Corrosion Allowance
- Liquid Specific Gravity
- Joint Efficiency
- Elastic Modulus

MATERIAL SPECIFICATION:
- Shell, Roof & Bottom
- Allowable Stress

=
:
:
:
:
:

- Nozzle Neck
- Flange
- Pipe Fittings
- Bolts & Nuts
- Stiffeners
TANK GEOMETRY:
- Height
- Length
- Width

115142 kPa
A 182 F 316L
A 182 F 316L
A 312 TP 316L
A 193 Gr B8M / A 194 Gr 8M
SS 316L

Height (H)

H:
L:
W:

Width (W)

Page 26 of 40

2000 mm
2100 mm
1250 mm

Rectangular Tank Calculation Sheet


II. DESIGN
II.1 Side Wall Plate Calculation (Height x Length)
II.1.1 Wall Thickness Calculation
(As per Roark's Formulas 7Th Ed, Table 11.4 Case 1a)

Height (H)

Stiffeners

Length (L)

Vertical length without reinforced


Horizontal length without reinforced
Ratio,

Required thickness
tr = Sqrt(*Pd*b2)/Sa) + C.A

a:
b:
a/b :
=
=

500.0 mm
525 mm
0.95
0.0401
0.2652

=
ta :

3.95 mm
6.00 mm

1.74 mm

II.1.2 Top Edge Stiffener


R1 = 0.03*Pd*a

0.37 kN/m

R2 = 0.32*Pd*a

3.94 kN/m

Adopted thickness
Maximum deflection
Ymax = *Pd*b4/(E*ta3)
Ymax

1/2 ta

<
1.74mm
<
3mm
Therefore, adopted thickness is satisfactory

Moment inertia required:


Jmin = R1*b4/(192*E*ta)

=
=

Moment inertia of used stiffener (Flat bar 65x6):


Jx = Jy

121.80 mm4
0.0122 cm4
13.7 cm4

Therefore, Top edge stiffener is satisfactory


II.1.3 Horizontal Stiffener
Moment inertia required:
Jmin = R2*b4/(192*E*ta)

=
=

Moment inertia of used stiffener (Flat bar 65x6):


Jx = Jy

Therefore, Horizontal stiffener is satisfactory

Page 27 of 40

1299.20 mm4
0.1299 cm4
13.7 cm4

Rectangular Tank Calculation Sheet

II.1.4 Vertical Stiffener


Maximum bending moment at Hy = 0.5773*amax

Maximum bending moment:


Mmax = 0.0641*Pd*b*Hy2

0.07 kNm

=
=

6.00E-07 mm3
0.60 cm3

Required section modulus:


Zr = Mmax/Sa

288.65 mm

Section modulus of used stiffener (Flat bar 65x6):


Z
=
Therefore, Vertical stiffener is satisfactory

4.2 cm3

II.2 Side Wall Plate Calculation (Height x Width)


II.2.1 Wall Thickness Calculation
(As per Roark's Formulas 7Th Ed, Table 11.4 Case 1a)

Height (H)

b b b b

Stiffeners

Width (W)

Vertical length without reinforced


Horizontal length without reinforced
Ratio,

Required thickness
tr = Sqrt(*Pd*b2)/Sa) + C.A

a:
b:
a/b :
=
=

500 mm
417 mm
1.20
0.0616
0.3762

=
ta :

3.74 mm
6.00 mm

1.06 mm

II.2.2 Top Edge Stiffener


R1 = 0.03*Pd*a

0.37 kN/m

R2 = 0.32*Pd*a

3.94 kN/m

Adopted thickness
Maximum deflection
Ymax = *Pd*b4/(E*ta3)
Ymax

1/2 ta
<
1.06mm
<
3mm
Therefore, adopted thickness is satisfactory

Moment inertia required:


Jmin = R1*b4/(192*E*ta)

=
=

Moment inertia of used stiffener (Flat bar 65x6):


Page 28 of 40

48.32 mm4
0.0048 cm4

Rectangular Tank Calculation Sheet


Jx = Jy

13.7 cm4

Therefore, Top edge stiffener is satisfactory

II.2.3 Horizontal Stiffener


Moment inertia required:
Jmin = R2*b4/(192*E*ta)

515.46 mm4
0.0515 cm4

=
=

Moment inertia of used stiffener (Flat bar 65x6):


Jx = Jy

13.7 cm4

II.2.4 Vertical Stiffener


Maximum bending moment at Hy = 0.5773*amax

288.65 mm

Maximum bending moment:


Mmax = 0.0641*Pd*b*Hy2

0.05 kNm

=
=

4.76E-07 mm3
0.48 cm3

Therefore, Horizontal stiffener is satisfactory

Required section modulus:


Zr = Mmax/Sa

Section modulus of used stiffener (Flat bar 65x6):


Z
=
Therefore, Vertical stiffener is satisfactory

4.2 cm3

II.3 Roof Plate Calculation


b

Width

(W
)

Stiffeners

Length (L)

Loads on roof plate:


- Roof area:
- Live load:
- Roof weight:
- Roof structure weight:
- Roof Equipment weight:
- Dead load:
Total load on roof plate:
Distance without reinforced in width
Distance without reinforced in length
Ratio,

Required thickness:
tr = Sqrt(*Pd*b2)/Sa) + C.A
Adopted thickness

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

2.625
1.5
174
116
120
1.5
3.0

m2
kPa
kg
kg
kg
kPa
kPa

a:
b:
a/b :
=
=

1250 mm
700 mm
1.79
0.1011
0.5662

=
ta :

2.70 mm
6.00 mm

Page 29 of 40

Rectangular Tank Calculation Sheet


Maximum deflection:
Ymax = *Pd*b4/(E*ta3)
Ymax

1.70 mm

1/2 ta

<
1.7mm
<
3mm
Therefore, adopted thickness is satisfactory

II.4 Bottom Plate Calculation

W
idth(W
)

b b b b

Stiffeners

Length (L)

Distance without reinforced in width


Distance without reinforced in length
Ratio,

Required thickness:
tr = Sqrt(*Pd*b2)/Sa) + C.A

a:
b:
a/b :
=
=

625 mm
525 mm
1.19
0.0607
0.3718

=
ta :

4.68 mm
8.00 mm

1.11 mm

Adopted thickness
Maximum deflection:
Ymax = *Pd*b4/(E*ta3)
Ymax

1/2 ta
<
1.11mm
<
4mm
Therefore, adopted thickness is satisfactory

Page 30 of 40

Rectangular Tank Calculation Sheet

Page 31 of 40

DESIGN CALCULATION SHEET FOR TAG 104F07


Design Calculation For Top Portion Of The Tank
I. Inputs :
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11

LENGTH OF RECTANGULAR TANK


WIDTH OF RECANGULAR TANK
HEIGHT OF RECTANGULAR TANK
THICKNESS OF MATERIAL USED
CORROSION ALLOWANCE
APPROXIMATE WEIGHT OF STRUCTURE
AND AND NOZZLES
MATERAIL OF CONSTRUCTION OF THE
TANK
DENSITY OF THE MATERIAL OF TANK
DENSITY OF THE OPERATING LIQUID
ELASTIC MODULUS OF THE MATERIAL
YIELD STRESS OF THE MOC

13 ALLOWABLE BENDING STRESS

L
W
H
t
c

790
790
595
5
0

mm
mm
mm
mm
mm

Ws

400

Kg

SA-240 Typ 304L

c
w
E
Sy
b

8000
1000
19264.00
1757.9

kg/m3
kg/m3
kg/mm2
kg/cm2

1160.2

kg/cm2

Calculation:
Rectangular tanks are designed for static head of the liquid. No internal or external pressure is
considered. In order to satisfy thickness requireement, external stiffeners are provided so that the
tank plates do not buckle under the stress developed due to no liquid head.
Total Volume of the tank

V=

L W H
371339500
0.37

Empty weight of the tank with 5 mm thickness

We =

275

Weight of the liquid in the tank

Wl =

Total weight of tank with liquid

W=

V x w
371
We + Wl + Ws
1074

mm3
m3
kg

kg
kg

The Analysis of the tank shell will be done in three parts;1 Thickness requirement for the top of the tank
2 Thickness requirement for the length of the tank
This thickness analysis would be followed by the check for structural requirement for stiffener.
The structural calculation for the adequacy of the structure for lifting of the tank and for operating
condition with full liquid along with adequacy check for the lifting lug shall conclude the calculations.

1 Thickness requirement for the top/base of tank


As per Roark's formula for stress and strain ,Seventh Edition, Table 11.4, Page 508, Case No.8 For
a rectangular plate with all edges fixed and load distributed uniformly over the entire plate
The base of the tank can be assumed too be a plate with uniform loading.
Total vertical load on the bottom plate
Total area of the bottom plate

Hence the load per unit area of the plkate

Wl =
Ab =
Ab =
Ab =

371
LXW
624100
0.6241

kg

q=
q=

Wl/Ab
595
0.000595

a=

L/2
395

mm

W/2
395

mm

mm2
m2

kg/m2
kg/mm2

Divide length in 3 parts and width in 2 parts


The maxmium unstiffened length becomes

The maxmium unstiffened width becomes

Hence the ratio of length to width


Interpolating the value for a/b = 1.143

b=

a/b =

1.000

1 =

0.308

2 =
=

0.139
0.014

Hence from this value an as per Roark's equation for stress, as per the case mentioned above,
Maximum bending stress at the centre of long
edge
=

Induced stress at the centre

-1qb2/t2

-1142982.981

kg/m2

-114.2982981

kg/cm2

2qb2/t2
514676.547
51.5

kg/m2
kg/cm2

Since the induced stress is less then the allowable stress the provided thickness with the stiffener
ring arrangment is accepted.
Maximum deflection of the plate

Y=

Considering the allowable deflection as a/324

Yall =

-qb4/Et3
-0.08

mm

1.22

mm

Since the deflection caused is less than the allowable deflection, design is acceptable.

2 Thickness requirement for the length/width of the tank


Since the static pressure increases downwards, more stiffing would be required at the
part of the tank. The static pressure along the length is given the relation.
Where

Ps =

h
h:-height of the element
:-density of liquid

Hence in the case, for a height of 1200mm, the static pressure increses from 0 kg/m 2 at top to 1200
kg/m2 at the bottom of the tank.
Again in the case the length would be divided into 2 parts and height into 2 parts.
Thus,the unstiffened length becomes

a=
b=

L/2
395.00
H/2
297.5

mm
mm

Now for the height, we go as per the following distribution


Bottom Section =

1200

kg/m2

As per Roark's formula for stress and strain 7th edition table 11.4, case 8d
For a rectangular plate fix on all sides with uniformly decreasing load parallel to side plate.
The following value can be tabulated
a/b =
1.33
1 =
0.513
2 =

0.122

3 =

0.082

4 =

0.126

5 =
=

0.178
0.011

Maximum bending stress induced at the vertical centre

b = -1qb2/t2

Maximum bending stress induced at the horizontal centre

b = -5qb2/t3

Section
-1qb2/t2

Bottom
-108.01

kg/cm2

2 2

2qb /t

25.73

kg/cm2

-3qb2/t2

-17.33

kg/cm2

4qb2/t2

26.64

kg/cm2

-37.59
0.02
1.22

kg/cm2
mm
mm

-5qb /t

2 2

y = qb /Et
L /324
4

The Maximum stress generated in the plate

max =

108.01

kg/cm2

Design allowable stress

b =

1160.2

kg/cm2

Since the induced stress in the plate is less than the allowable, the provided thickness and
stiffening is safe.
Provided plates are safe in deflection check.

Design Calculation For Bottom Portion Of The Tank


I. Inputs :
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11

LENGTH OF RECTANGULAR TANK


WIDTH OF RECANGULAR TANK
HEIGHT OF RECTANGULAR TANK
THICKNESS OF MATERIAL USED
CORROSION ALLOWANCE
APPROXIMATE WEIGHT OF STRUCTURE
AND AND NOZZLES
MATERAIL OF CONSTRUCTION OF THE
TANK
DENSITY OF THE MATERIAL OF TANK
DENSITY OF THE OPERATING LIQUID
ELASTIC MODULUS OF THE MATERIAL
YIELD STRESS OF THE MOC

13 ALLOWABLE BENDING STRESS

L
W
H
t
c

790
790
370
5
0

mm
mm
mm
mm
mm

Ws

300

Kg

SA-240 Typ 304L

c
w
E
Sy
b

8000
1000
19264.00
1757.9

kg/m3
kg/m3
kg/mm2
kg/cm2

1160.2

kg/cm2

Calculation:
Rectangular tanks are designed for static head of the liquid. No internal or external pressure is
considered. In order to satisfy thickness requireement, external stiffeners are provided so that the
tank plates do not buckle under the stress developed due to no liquid head.
Total Volume of the tank

V=

L W H
230917000
0.23

Empty weight of the tank with 5 mm thickness

We =

275

Weight of the liquid in the tank

Wl =

Total weight of tank with liquid

W=

V x w
231
We + Wl + Ws
833

mm3
m3
kg

kg
kg

The Analysis of the tank shell will be done in three parts;1 Thickness requirement for the top of the tank
2 Thickness requirement for the length of the tank
This thickness analysis would be followed by the check for structural requirement for stiffener.
The structural calculation for the adequacy of the structure for lifting of the tank and for operating
condition with full liquid along with adequacy check for the lifting lug shall conclude the calculations.

2 Thickness requirement for the length/width of the tank


Since the static pressure increases downwards, more stiffing would be required at the
part of the tank. The static pressure along the length is given the relation.
Where

Ps =

h
h:-height of the element
:-density of liquid

Hence in the case, for a height of 1200mm, the static pressure increses from 0 kg/m 2 at top to 395
kg/m2 at the bottom of the tank.
Again in the case the length would be divided into 2 parts and height into 2 parts.
Thus,the unstiffened length becomes

a=
b=

L/2
395.00
H/2
370

mm
mm

Now for the height, we go as per the following distribution


Bottom Section =

1200

kg/m2

As per Roark's formula for stress and strain 7th edition table 11.4, case 8d
For a rectangular plate fix on all sides with uniformly decreasing load parallel to side plate.
The following value can be tabulated
a/b =
1.07
1 =
0.264
2 =

0.093

3 =

0.076

4 =

0.089

5 =
=

0.161
0.008

Maximum bending stress induced at the vertical centre

b = -1qb2/t2

Maximum bending stress induced at the horizontal centre

b = -5qb2/t3

Section
-1qb2/t2

Bottom
-53.54

kg/cm2

2 2

2qb /t

18.87

kg/cm2

-3qb2/t2

-15.32

kg/cm2

4qb2/t2

17.96

kg/cm2

-32.67
0.02
1.22

kg/cm2
mm
mm

-5qb /t

2 2

y = qb /Et
L /324
4

The Maximum stress generated in the plate

max =

53.54

kg/cm2

Design allowable stress

b =

1160.2

kg/cm2

Since the induced stress in the plate is less than the allowable, the provided thickness and
stiffening is safe.
Provided plates are safe in deflection check.

WIND LOAD CALCULATION


As per IS-875 Part3

Basic wind speed for the site

Vb =

Risk Factor
Terrain Fctor
Topography Factor
Overall height of vessel

k1 =
k2 =
k3 =
H=

Design wind speed

Vz =

The Effective Wind Pressure

Pz =

The area exposed to the wind along length/width Al =

Total wind force acting on along length

Fl =

44
158.4
1.07
1.05
1
1470
k1*k2*k3*Vb

m/sec
km/hr

49.4

m/sec

0.6 x Vz2
1466.23

N/m2

L H
1.176

m2

Al * Pz
1724.29

Total wind force acting on along width

Hence the maximum of the wind load

wind moment

Fw =

Pw =

Mw =

mm

Aw * Pz
689.20

Fl
1724.29

258.4

kg-m

SEISMIC LOAD CALCULATION


As per 1893 part 4,2005
Total weight of the tank full of liquid
Seismic zone as specified by the client

W=
Z=

1074
III

Zone Factor as per Annex. A in accordance


to Table 2 of IS 1893 Part I

Z=

0.16

Sa/g =

2.5

I=

1.5

R=

Ah =

Z/2 Sa/g
R/I
0.10

Spectral acceleration coefficient as in


Annex. B : (Max)
Importance factor as per Table 2 of IS 1893
Response reduction factor as per table 3 of
IS 1893

Hence the horizontal seismic coefficient

Ah =

kg

The total seismic force acting on the vessel

Fs =

W Ah
107.38 kg

Thus the maximum of wind and seismic

Fh =

max(Pw,Fs)
175.77 kg
mm

CG from the bottom of vessel =


The vertical effect of wind/ seismic force F

870
=
=
=

Fh (CG distance from bottom/


distance between support)
193.6 kg
1898.9 N

ANCHOR CHAIR CALCULATION


Anchor Gusset
(Pressure Vessel Book, By Bednar)
No. Of Gusset
Load On Each Gusset
Height Of the Gusset
Width Of The Gusset
Distance Between Gusset
Gusset Angle
Dimesion a of base plate
Force bearing width of base plate

N=
f=
h=
d=
b=
=
a=

2
949.45
400
350
175
51
235
100

N
mm
mm
mm
degree
mm
mm

(Client to confirm)

MOC of Gusset IS 2062 Gr. B


Yield Stress
Allowable compressive stress

Yield Stress

Sy =

240 MPa

Allowanle Compressive Strength = 0.45 x


Sy

Sa =

108 MPa

MOC of Base plate IS 2062 Gr. B


240 MPa
Yield Stress

Fy =

Compressive Strength of the structure


(Client To Confirm)

fc =

Provided Bottom Plate Thickness


Corroded Bottom Plate Thickness

t=
tc =

Required Gusset Thickness =

34809.12 Psi
10 MPa
1450.38 Psi
16 mm
16 mm

f(3d-b) / (Sa*b^2 sina^2)


0.56

mm

Hence the Provided thickness is Sufficient.

Since the base plate has to accommodate one or more anchor bolt therefore we are analyzing the
base plate as a uniformly loaded rectangular plate with one edge free and three supported.
when b/d =
Therefore =
Uniform load

0.5
0.12 (From Roark's formula table 11.4 case no. 7d)
q=

F/db
0.081

N/mm2

Max. stress to base plate (S) : = qb2/tc2


N/mm2
4.64
Which is less than allowable compressive stress 108 N/mm 2
Therefore the provided base plate is safe

dgswuf