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PROYECTO:

CLIENTE:
TANQUES DE ALMACENAMIENTO
TANQUE DE ACIDO SULFURICO 13400 TM
GEOMETRIA DEL TANQUE
Ancho plancha
Longitud plancha
Cant. horiz
Cant. vert

=
=
=
=

Dimetro
Altura
Capacidad

=
=
=

2.40 m
6.00 m
12.04
7.29
23.00 m
17.500 m
7,271 m3
1,920,957 Gl

Norma
API 650
Pendiente Fondo
Pendiente . Techo
Velocidad del viento

=
=
=

Espesor del techo


Espesor del fondo
No Columnas C1 (1er anillo)
No Columnas C2 (2do anillo)
No Columna central C3

=
=
=
=
=

DATOS
Gravedad especfica del lquido
=
Margen por corrosin
=
Margen por corrosin en el fondo
=
Dimetro del tanque, D
=
Altura total del tanque, H
=
Nmero de virolas
=
Material
=
Mnimo esfuerzo de fluencia
=
Esfuerzo permisible por diseo, Sd =
Esfuerzo permisible por prueba, St =
Altura de la primera virola
=
Radio nominal del tanque, r
=
Espesor mnimo del casco
=
DISEO DEL CASCO MTODO DE 1 PIE
Espesor de diseo Esp. Prueba hidrost.
Virola
td
tt
pulg
pulg
1
1.1274
0.4443
2
1.0042
0.3819
3
0.8811
0.3196
4
0.7579
0.2572
5
0.6348
0.1948
6
0.5116
0.1325
7
0.3885
0.0701
8
0.2653
0.0077
9
0.0000
0.0000
10
0.0000
0.0000
11
0.0000
0.0000
12
0.0000
0.0000

0.033
0.063
15
24.139
0.500
0.5
12
6
1

1.84
Acido Sulfurico
1/ 4 in
1/ 4 in
75.44 pies
57.40 pies
8.00
A36
Escoger entre A36
36000 in
A131
23200 in
24900 in
95 pulg
452.64 pulg
0.25 pulg API 5.6.1.1

t
pulg
1.1274
1.0042
0.8811
0.7579
0.6348
0.5116
0.3885
0.2653
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000

t comercial Peso del casco


pulg
Kg
1.2500
43,354
1.2500
43,354
1.0000
34,683
1.0000
34,683
0.7500
26,012
0.6250
21,677
0.5000
17,342
0.5000
17,342
0.0000
0
0.0000
0
0.0000
0
0.0000
0
Peso Total casco=
238,447

PESOS
DISTRIBUCION PLANCHAS DEL TECHO
Radio desarrollo =
37.79 pies
k
=
1.10
No de planchas
=
32
Peso del techo
=
46,080 Kg

DISTRIBUCION PLANCHAS DEL FONDO


Radio desarrollo =
37.81 pies
k
=
1.10
No de planchas =
32
Peso del fondo
=
46,080 Kg

VIGUETAS Vg1
VIGUETAS Vg2
VIGUETAS Vg3

COLUMNA C1
COLUMNA C2
COLUMNA C3

=
=
=

8,503 Kg
5,237 Kg
1,968 Kg

Pgina 1

=
=
=

17,816 Kg
8,908 Kg
1,485 Kg

VIGAS PRINCIPALES
V1
=
V2
=
ACCESORIOS
=

CAPITEL
VIGA TOPE

1,084 Kg
524 Kg
5,644 Kg
69,041

=
=

152 Kg
872 Kg

PESO TK VACIO =

382,799 Kg

DISEO DEL CASCO MTODO DE ALTURA VARIABLE


td

Virola
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12

tt

1.1598430244 0.4660742006
4.6812723157

Pgina 2

1.1598

t comercial Peso del casco


1.2500

43,354

API 5.4.4
API 5.10.4.1
mph
Km/h
in
in

Peso del casco


Kg

Kg

Pgina 3

Peso del casco


No cumple t1t>tpt
No Cumple t1d>tpd
L
431.7537964 ^
L/H
7.521843143
x1
32.75611524
x2
5595.132655
x3
24.31242509
K
1.206338346
C
0.097476179
x
24.31242509
tdx

Pgina 4

Pgina 5

Pgina 6

Pgina 7

Pgina 8

Pgina 9

Pgina 10

Pgina 11

Pgina 12

Pgina 13

Pgina 14

Pgina 15

Pgina 16

Pgina 17

Pgina 18

Pgina 19

Pgina 20

Pgina 21

Pgina 22

Pgina 23

Pgina 24

Pgina 25

Pgina 26

Pgina 27

Pgina 28

Pgina 29

Pgina 30

Pgina 31

Pgina 32

Pgina 33

Pgina 34

Pgina 35

Pgina 36

Pgina 37

Pgina 38

Pgina 39

Pgina 40

CARGAS DE DISEO PARA ESTRUCTURA SOPORTE DEL TECHO


Carga muerta
Carga viva

=
10.21 lb/pie2
=
20 lb/pie2
W = 30.20833333 lb/pie2

VIGUETAS DE TECHO (RAFTERS)


Espesor min alma
b
Espaciamiento max. anillo exterior
Espaciamiento max. anillo interior
arriostres viguetas anillos

=
=
=
=

0.17 in
10.57 pies
6.28 pies
5.50 pies
0.75 pies

API 5.10.3.2
API 5.10.4
API 5.10.4
(API 3.10.4.4 Versin anterior)
(API 3.10.4.4 Versin anterior)

Distancia entre columna C1 y casco


Distancia entre columna C1 y C2
Distancia entre columna C2 y C3
No de viguetas anillo exterior
No de viguetas anillo intermedio
No de viguetas anillo interior
Espaciamiento real anillo exterior
Espaciamiento real anillo intermedio
Espaciamiento real anillo interior

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

12.58 pies
12.58 pies
12.58 pies
38
29
15
3.29 pies
2.63 pies
2.63 pies

No de viguetas anillo exterior, real


=
No de viguetas anillo intermedio, real =
No de viguetas anillo interior, real
=

VIGUETAS RADIALES
Luz de la vigueta
Luz no arriostrada de la vigueta
Perfil seleccionado
Peso propio de vigueta
I
d/Af
Sx
d
A
bf
tf
Aweb
h
tw
w1
w2
R1
R2
V
Mmax
D max.
D perm.
Flexin
Fb (debe ser menor de 20,000)
S (debe ser menor que Sx)
Corte
V/A
Vadm

Vg1(anillo exterior)
=
12.58 pies
=
6.29 pies
= C 12 x 20,7
=
20.70 lb/pie
=
129.00 in4
=
8.13
=
21.50 in3
=
12.00 in
=
6.09 in2
=
3.00 in
=
0.50 in
=
3.09 in2
=
11.00 in
=
0.31 in
=
120.14 lb/pie
=
100.15 lb/pie
=
713.75 lb
=
671.84 lb
=
713.75 lb
=
2,184.06 lb-pie
=
0.02 in
=
0.75 in

Vg2(anillo intermedio) Vg3(anillo interior)


12.58 pies
12.58
6.29
6.29
C 10 x 15.3
C 8 x 11.5
15.30 lb/pie
11.50
67.40 in4
32.60
8.81
9.08
13.50 in3
8.14
10.00 in
8.00
4.49 in2
3.38
2.60 in
2.25
0.44 in
0.39
2.22 in2
1.63
9.13 in
7.22
0.24 in
0.22
94.75 lb/pie
91.09
94.89 lb/pie
11.50
596.27 lb
406.09
596.57 lb
239.21
596.57 lb
406.09
1,875.69 lb-pie
1,035.52
0.03 in
0.03
0.75 in
0.75

=
=

19,555.04
1.34 in3

18,045.69
1.25 in3

17,509.09
0.71

=
=

230.99 lb/in2
51,408.22 lb

268.38 lb/in2
36,093.20 lb

249.90
27,564.22

Pgina 2]

Pgina 2]

72
60
30

g3(anillo interior)
pies
pies
lb/pie
in4
in3
in
in2
in
in
in2
in
in
lb/pie
lb/pie
lb
lb
lb
lb-pie
in
in

in3
lb/in2
lb

Pgina 2]

Pgina 2]

Vigas principales

DISEO DE VIGAS PRINCIPALES


Forma del anillo 1
Nmero de lados
Radio crculo circunscrito 1
Radio crculo circunscrito 2

= Dodecgono
Forma del anillo 2
=
12
Nmero de lados
=
7,667 mm =
25.15 ft
=
3,833 mm =
12.58 ft

No de viguetas Vg1 soportadas


No de viguetas Vg2 soportadas
Distancia entre Vg1
Distancia entre R y 1era Vg1
Distancia entre Vg2
Distancia entre R y 1era Vg2

=
=
=
=
=
=

6
5
2.17 ft
1.085 ft
2.6 ft
1.3 ft

Espesor min alma


Espaciamiento max. anillo exterior
Espaciamiento max. anillo interior
arriostres viguetas

=
=
=
=

0.17 in
6.28 ft
5.50 ft
0.75 in

VIGAS PRINCIPALES
Luz de la viga
Luz no arriostrada de la viga
Perfil seleccionado
Peso propio de vigueta
I
d/Af
Sx
d
A
bf
tf
Aweb
h
tw
R1
R2
V
Mmax
D max.
D perm.
Fb
S
V/A

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

= Hexgono
=
6

V1

V2
No de viguetas Vg2 soportadas
No de viguetas Vg3 soportadas
Distancia entre Vg2
Distancia entre R y 1era Vg2
Distancia entre Vg3
Distancia entre R y 1era Vg3

=
=
=
=
=
=

10
5
1.26
0.63
2.52
1.26

API 3.10.4.3 / 3.10.3.2


API 5.10.4
API 5.10.4
API 5.10.4

V1
13.02 ft
6.51
C 10 x 15.3
15.30 lb/ft
67.40 in4
8.81
13.50 in3
10.00 in
4.49 in2
2.60 in
0.44 in
2.22 in2
9.13 in
0.24 in
3,506.00 lb
3,506.00 lb
3,506.00 lb
15,245.00 lb-ft
0.29 in
0.78 in
17,435.85
10.49 in3
1,577.29 psi

Pgina 45

V2
12.58
6.29
C 10 x 15.3
15.30
67.40
8.81
13.50
10.00
4.49
2.60
0.44
2.22
9.13
0.24
3,998.00
3,998.00
3,998.00
12,719.00
0.25
0.75
18,045.69
8.46
1,798.63

Vigas principales

Control
N de viguetasreal
vg1
vg2
vg3

diseo
38
29
15

ft
ft
ft
ft

ft

3968.496

lb/ft
in4
in3
in
in2
in
in
in2
in
in
lb
lb
lb
lb-ft
in
in
in3
psi

Pgina 46

viguetas soportadas
72
60
30

Momentos

Momentos debido a Pe y Pi
V1
V2
Debido a Pe Debido a Pi Debido a Pe Debido a Pi
1
3,107
3,377
2,043
2
2,187
1,556
2,625
1,019
3
729
0
1,873
0
4
0
0
1,122
0
5
0
0
370
0
6
0
0
0
0
7
0
0
0
0
8
0
0
0
0
9
0
0
0
0
10
0
0
0
0
11
0
0
0
0
12
0
0
0
0
2,916
4,663
9,366
3,062

Pgina 47

Perfiles

PERFILES ESTANDAR AMERICANO


Incluye perfiles Precor
Nmero de perfil seleccionado =
(introducir cero si no existe)
Vg1 C 12 x 20,7
20.7 129
Vg2 C 10 x 15.3
15.3 67.4
Vg3 C 8 x 11.5
11.5 32.6
V1 C 10 x 15.3
15.3 67.4
V2 C 10 x 15.3
15.3 67.4
Designacin
1C 3 x 6
2C 3 x 6
3 C 3 x 4,1
4 C 4 x 5.4
5 C 4 x 7.25
6 C 5 x 6.7
7C 5 x 9
8 C 6 x 8.2
9 C 6 x 10.5
10 C 6 x 13
11 C 7 x 9.8
12 C 7 x 12.25
13 C 7 x 14.75
14 C 8 x 11.5
15 C 8 x 13.75
16 C 8 x 18.75
17 C 9 x 13.4
18 C 9 x 15
19 C 9 x 20
20 C 10 x 15.3
21 C 10 x 20
22 C 10 x 25
23 C 10 x 30
24 C 12 x 20,7
25 C 12 x 25
26 C 12 x 30
27 C 15 x 33,9
28 C 15 x 40
29 C 15 x 50
30 W 8 X 18
31 W 8 X 24
32 W 8 X 31
33 W 10 x 22
34 W 10 x 33
35 W 10 x 49
36 W 12 x 26
37 W 12 x 65
38 W 14 x 30
39 W 16 x 36
40 W 16 x 67
41 W 18 x 55

W/ft
lb/ft
6.00
5.00
4.10
5.40
7.25
6.70
9.00
8.20
10.50
13.00
9.80
12.25
14.75
11.50
13.75
18.75
13.40
15.00
20.00
15.30
20.00
25.00
30.00
20.70
25.00
30.00
33.90
40.00
50.00
18.00
24.00
31.00
22.00
33.00
49.00
26.00
65.00
30.00
36.00
67.00
55.00

I
in4
2.07
1.85
1.66
3.85
4.59
7.49
8.90
13.10
15.20
17.40
21.30
24.20
27.20
32.60
36.10
44.00
47.90
51.00
60.90
67.40
78.90
91.20
103
129
144
162
315
349
404
62
83
110
118
170
272
204
533
291
448
954
890

8.13
8.81
9.08
8.81
8.81
d/Af
6.87
7.32
7.78
8.52
7.84
8.93
8.29
9.10
8.59
8.10
9.14
8.71
8.31
9.08
8.75
8.12
8.95
8.76
8.22
8.81
8.36
7.94
7.55
8.13
7.85
7.55
6.79
6.56
6.21
4.70
3.05
2.30
4.91
2.81
1.78
4.95
1.67
5.34
5.28
2.40
3.82

Vg1
24
21.5
13.5
8.14
13.5
13.5

Vg2
20
12
10
8
10
10

Vg3
14
6.09
4.49
3.38
4.49
4.49

V1
20
3
2.6
2.25
2.6
2.6

V2
20
0.500
0.436
0.39
0.436
0.436

0.3125
0.24
0.22
0.24
0.24

Sx
in3
1.38
1.24
1.10
1.93
2.29
3.00
3.56
4.38
5.06
5.80
6.08
6.93
7.78
8.14
9.03
11.0
10.6
11.3
13.5
13.5
15.8
18.2
20.7
21.5
24.1
27.0
42.0
46.5
53.8
15.2
20.9
27.5
23.2
35.0
54.6
33.4
87.9
42.0
56.5
117.0
98.3

d
in
3.00
3.00
3.00
4.00
4.00
5.00
5.00
6.00
6.00
6.00
7.00
7.00
7.00
8.00
8.00
8.00
9.00
9.00
9.00
10.00
10.00
10.00
10.00
12.00
12.00
12.00
15.00
15.00
15.00
8.14
7.93
8.00
10.17
9.73
9.98
12.22
12.12
13.84
15.86
16.33
18.11

A
in2
1.76
1.47
1.21
1.59
2.13
1.97
2.64
2.40
3.09
3.83
2.87
3.60
4.33
3.38
4.04
5.51
3.94
4.41
5.88
4.49
5.88
7.35
8.82
6.09
7.35
8.82
9.96
11.80
14.70
5.26
7.08
9.13
6.49
9.71
14.40
7.65
19.10
8.85
10.60
19.70
16.20

bf
in
1.60
1.50
1.41
1.58
1.72
1.75
1.89
1.92
2.00
2.16
2.09
2.19
2.30
2.25
2.34
2.53
2.43
2.49
2.65
2.60
2.74
2.89
3.00
3.00
3.00
3.17
3.38
3.50
3.72
5.25
6.50
8.00
5.75
7.96
10.00
6.49
12.00
6.73
6.99
10.24
7.53

tf
in
0.250
0.250
0.250
0.296
0.313
0.313
0.313
0.343
0.343
0.343
0.366
0.366
0.366
0.390
0.390
0.390
0.413
0.413
0.413
0.436
0.436
0.436
0.436
0.500
0.500
0.500
0.625
0.625
0.625
0.333
0.400
0.435
0.360
0.435
0.560
0.380
0.605
0.385
0.430
0.665
0.630

tw
in
0.356
0.250
0.188
0.188
0.313
0.188
0.313
0.188
0.313
0.437
0.210
0.313
0.419
0.220
0.303
0.487
0.233
0.285
0.438
0.240
0.375
0.500
0.673
0.313
0.375
0.500
0.375
0.500
0.688
0.230
0.245
0.285
0.240
0.290
0.340
0.230
0.390
0.270
0.295
0.395
0.390

Pgina 48

Perfiles

PERFILES ESTANDAR AMERICANO


Incluye perfiles Precor
Nmero de perfil seleccionado =
(introducir cero si no existe)
Vg1 C 12 x 20,7
20.7 129
Vg2 C 10 x 15.3
15.3 67.4
Vg3 C 8 x 11.5
11.5 32.6
V1 C 10 x 15.3
15.3 67.4
V2 C 10 x 15.3
15.3 67.4
Designacin

W/ft
lb/ft
42 Ca 150 x 75 x 4 9.85
43 C 150 x 75 x 4, 6.87
44 Ca 125 x 75 x 4 8.33
45 Ca 200 x 50 x 4 7.58
46 Ca 200 x 75 x 3 6.11
47 Ca 200 x 75 x 4 8.93
48 Ca 225 x 50 x 3 5.51
49 Ca 225 x 50 x 4 8.18
50 Ca 225 x 75 x 3 6.51
51 Ca 225 x 75 x 4 9.54
52 Ca 250 x 50 x 3 5.91
53 Ca 250 x 50 x 4 8.78
54 Ca 250 x 75 x 3 6.91
55 Ca 250 x 75 x 4 10.14

I
in4
12.67
11.31
18.22
19.16
17.52
25.01
17.70
25.63
23.13
33.11
22.93
33.30
29.70
42.60

8.13
8.81
9.08
8.81
8.81
d/Af
8.47
11.29
9.88
15.05
16.93
11.29
25.40
16.93
19.05
12.70
28.22
18.81
21.17
14.11

Vg1
24
21.5
13.5
8.14
13.5
13.5

Vg2
20
12
10
8
10
10

Vg3
14
6.09
4.49
3.38
4.49
4.49

V1
20
3
2.6
2.25
2.6
2.6

V2
20
0.500
0.436
0.39
0.436
0.436

0.3125
0.24
0.22
0.24
0.24

Sx
in3
4.22
3.77
5.21
4.79
4.38
6.25
3.93
5.70
5.14
7.35
4.59
6.66
5.94
8.52

d
in
6.00
6.00
7.00
8.00
8.00
8.00
9.00
9.00
9.00
9.00
10.00
10.00
10.00
10.00

A
in2
2.27
2.02
2.45
2.23
1.80
2.63
1.62
2.41
1.92
2.81
1.74
2.58
2.03
2.98

bf
in
3.00
3.00
3.00
2.00
3.00
3.00
2.00
2.00
3.00
3.00
2.00
2.00
3.00
3.00

tf
in
0.177
0.177
0.177
0.177
0.118
0.177
0.118
0.177
0.118
0.177
0.118
0.177
0.118
0.177

tw
in
0.177
0.177
0.177
0.177
0.118
0.177
0.118
0.177
0.118
0.177
0.118
0.177
0.118
0.177

Pgina 49

PRECOR
PRECOR
PRECOR
PRECOR
PRECOR
PRECOR
PRECOR
PRECOR
PRECOR
PRECOR
PRECOR
PRECOR
PRECOR
PRECOR

Perfiles

Control para seleccin


Fb
Sx
S
19555.04

21.5

1.34

18045.69

13.5

1.25

17509.09

8.14

0.71

17435.85

13.5

10.49

18045.69

13.5

8.46

Perfiles existentes en el mercado nacional


Perfiles no comerciales en el Per

Pgina 50

Perfiles

Control para seleccin


Fb
Sx
S
19555.04

21.5

1.34

18045.69

13.5

1.25

17509.09

8.14

0.71

17435.85

13.5

10.49

18045.69

13.5

8.46

PRECOR
PRECOR
PRECOR
PRECOR
PRECOR
PRECOR
PRECOR
PRECOR
PRECOR
PRECOR
PRECOR
PRECOR
PRECOR
PRECOR

Pgina 51

DISEO DE LA COLUMNA C1 (1er ANILLO)

DISEO DE LA COLUMNA C2 (2do ANILLO)

Pv
L roof
L bottom
L
Dia. tubo
Schedule
r
L/r
t/R
Y
Cc
Fa max
Fa

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

Pv
L roof
L bottom
L
Dia. tubo
Schedule
r
L/r
t/R
Y
Cc
Fa max
Fa

Pv
L roof
L bottom
L
Dia. tubo
Schedule
r
L/r
t/R
Y
Cc
Fa max
Fa

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

P
Ancho viga
Esp. entre vigas

=
=
=

Cri
r
re
Dia mnimo
Dia. real
Peso capitel

=
=
=
=
=
=

7,012.00 lb
0.72 m
0.38 m
18.60 m
12.00 in
40.00
4.37 in
167.63
0.02
1.00
129.23
7,326.37 psi
445.58 psi
Cumple!
DISEO DE LA COLUMNA CENTRAL C3

11,162.54 lb
0.72 m
0.38 m
18.60 m
12.00 in
40.00
4.37 in
167.63
0.02
1.00
129.23
7,326.37 psi
709.33 psi
Cumple!
DISEO DEL CAPITEL CENTRAL
7,176.35 lb
2.25 in
1.13 in
3.38 in
101.25 in
16.11 in
19.11 in
38.23
48.00 in
151.73 kg

2.38 pie
1.24 pie
61.02 pie

202.54 Kg

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

7,996.00 lb
0.72 m
0.38 m
18.60 m
12.00 in
40.00
4.37 in
167.63
0.02
1.00
129.23
7,326.37 psi
508.11 psi
Cumple!

2.38 pie
1.24 pie
61.02 pie

322.42 Kg

Por flexin
M
=
56,589.53 lb-in
b
=
101.25 in
t
=
0.16 in
t real
=
0.50 in
Verificacin por corte
OK
Fv
=
14,400.00 psi
fv
=
141.76 psi
fv<Fv,Correcto!

Pgina 3]

2.38
1.24
61.02

230.96

pie
pie
pie

Kg

Pgina 3]

Pgina 3]

Tubos

5S
10S
20
30
40
STD
60
80
XS
100
120
140
160
XXS
Nominal
pipe
size
0.5
0.75
1
1.25
1.5
2
2.5
3
3.5
4
4.5
5
6
7
8
9
10

3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
Outside
diameter,
in
0.84
1.05
1.315
1.66
1.9
2.375
2.875
3.5
4
4.5
5
5.563
6.625
7.675
8.625
9.625
10.75

Column No
SCHEDULE
PIPE DIA
THICKNESS
OD
DI
A
I
r
Weight lb/ft

1
40
12
0.406
12.75
11.938
15.74
300.29
4.37
53.53

2
40
12
0.406
12.75
11.938
15.74
300.29
4.37
53.53

3
40
12
0.406
12.75
11.938
15.74
300.29
4.37
53.53

5S
0.065
0.065
0.065
0.065
0.065
0.065
0.083
0.083
0.083
0.083

10S
0.083
0.083
0.109
0.109
0.109
0.109
0.12
0.12
0.12
0.12

20

30

0.109
0.109

0.134
0.134

0.109

0.148

0.25

0.277

0.322

0.134

0.165

0.25

0.307

0.365

in
in
in
in2
in4

40
0.109
0.113
0.133
0.14
0.145
0.154
0.203
0.216
0.226
0.237
0.258
0.28

Pgina 55

STD
0.109
0.113
0.133
0.14
0.145
0.154
0.203
0.216
0.226
0.237
0.247
0.258
0.28
0.301
0.322
0.342
0.365

60

80
0.147
0.154
0.179
0.191
0.2
0.218
0.276
0.3
0.318
0.337
0.375
0.432

0.406

0.5

0.5

0.593

Extra
heavy
0.147
0.154
0.179
0.191
0.2
0.218
0.276
0.3
0.318
0.337
0.355
0.375
0.432
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5

Tubos

11
12
14
16
18
20
24
30
32
34
36
42
48

11.75
12.75
14
16
18
20
24
30
32
34
36
42
48

0.165

0.18

0.25

0.312
0.312
0.312
0.312

0.25
0.312
0.312
0.312
0.375
0.375
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5

0.33
0.375
0.375
0.437
0.5
0.562
0.625
0.625
0.625
0.625

Pgina 56

0.406
0.437
0.5
0.562
0.593
0.687
0.75
0.688
0.688
0.75
0.75

0.375
0.375
0.375
0.375
0.375
0.375
0.375
0.375
0.375
0.375
0.375
0.375
0.375

0.562
0.593
0.656
0.75
0.812
0.968

0.687
0.75
0.843
0.937
1.031
1.218

0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5

0.5
0.5

Tubos

100

120

140

160
0.187
0.218
0.25
0.25
0.281
0.343
0.375
0.437

0.437

0.531

0.5
0.562

0.625
0.718

0.593

0.718

0.812

0.906

0.718

0.843

1.125

Double
extra
heavy
0.294
0.308
0.358
0.382
0.4
0.436
0.552
0.6
0.636
0.674
0.71
0.75
0.864
0.875
0.875

ft
0.027
0.025
0.023
0.022
0.021
0.019
0.018
0.018
0.017
0.016
0.015
0.014
0.014

Pgina 57

Tubos

0.843
0.937
1.031
1.156
1.28
1.531

1
1.093
1.218
1.375
1.5
1.812

1.125
1.25
1.437
1.562
1.75
2.062

1.312
1.406
1.593
1.781
1.968
2.343

0.013
0.013
0.013
0.012
0.012
0.012
0.011
0.011
0.011
0.011
0.011
0.011

Pgina 58

Materiales

Permissible Plate Materials and Allowable Stresses


(Pounds per Square Inch)

Plate
Specification
Grade
A131
C
A36

Minimum
Yield
Strength
30000
36000

Minimum
Tensile
Strength
55000
58000

Product
Hydrostatic
Design
Test
Stress Sd
Stress St
20000
22500
23200
24900

Pgina 59

ESTABILIDAD DEL TANQUE DEBIDO A LA PRESION DEL VIENTO


Presin
Velocidad del viento
Presin corregida
Fuerza del viento
Momento de volteo Mw
Mpi
Peso cilindro s/m.corros.
Peso muerto
W
Mdl = (W*D/2)

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

18.00 lb/pie2
15 m/h
0.28 lb/pie2
1,218 lb
34,953 Lb-pie
0.00
462,551 lb
120,356 lb
582,906 lb
21,987,232 lb-pie

WL
1.25*HL*D*Gespecifica
wL
Mf peso del liquido

=
=
=
=

2,725 (lbf/pie)
4,980
645,832 lbf
24,360,778 Lb-pie

0.6Mw + Mpi < Mdl/1.5


Mw+0.4Mpi < (Md+Mf)/2

API 5.2.1(k)

Cumple
Cumple

El tanque no requiere anclajes

Presin sobre el techo


Presin corregida
U
Espaciamiento max. Anclajes
Cantidad min. de anclajes
Cantidad de diseo de pernos
Espaciamiento real
Tensin en el perno
Dimetro pernos de anclaje
Esfuerzo a la tensin

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

30 lb/pie2
0.46875 lb/pie2
No aplica
lbf
10 ft
No aplica
0 (Colocar a criterio)
No aplica
No aplica
0 (Colocar a criterio)
No Aplica
No hay anclajes

Pgina 2

Ingresar un # mayor a 4

DISEO SISMICO
A) ESTABILIDAD AL VOLTEO
D/H
=
1.31
Site Class
=
B API E.4.4
Parmetro de aceleracin, periodo de 1seg S 1
=
0.60
Parmetros de aceleracin, cortos periodos Ss
=
1.50
Coeficiente de Aceleracin Fa
1.00 Tabla E-1
Coeficiente de Velocidad Fv
=
1.00 Tabla E-2
Parmetro de aceleracin segn ASCE 7 SDS
=
1.00 %g
Coeficiente de Importancia I
=
1.00 Tabla E-5
Factor de reduccin para el modo inductivo Rwi
=
4.00 Table E-4
Coeficiente de aceleracin impulsivo Ai
Peso total del contenido del tanque Wp
Peso de la porcin impulsiva del liquido Wi
Altura de accin de la fuerza impulsiva Xi
Peso total del cilindro Ws
Altura del centro de gravdad del cilindro Xs
Peso total del techo Wr
Altura del centro de gravedad del techo Xr
Factor de escala del nivel de diseo Q
Coeficiente para ajustar la aceleracin espectral K
Facotr de reduccin para el modo convectivo Rwc
Aceleracin espectral en cualquier periodo Sa
Ks

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

0.25 Cumple!
29,458,291 lb
21,018,070 API E.6.1.1
21.61 API E.6.1.2
525,775 lb
25.55 ft
101,606 lb
58.19 ft
0.67 API E.4.6.1
1.50

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12

1.25
1.25
1.00
1.00
0.75
0.63

h(ft)

4.92
14.76
19.68
27.55
26.57
27.06

0.50 51.17
0.50 59.04
0.00 0.00
0.00 0.00
0.00 0.00
0.00 0.00
6.88

25.58
29.52
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
175.64

2.00 Table E-4


0.40 %g

0.58 lb-ft

(API E.4.5.2)

5.04 s

(API E.4.5.2)

4.00 s

(API E.4.6.1)

Periodo de transicin para perodos mas largosT L

Parametro de Aceleracin espectral SD1


Coeficiente de aceleracin convectivo Ac
Peso de la porcin convectiva del liquido Wc
Altura de accin de la fuerza convectiva Xc
Momento de volteo Mrw

=
=
=
=
=

119,507,406 ft-lb

Peso del techo actuando en el cilindro wrs

18.31 lbf/ft

Peso del tanque y del techo especifico wt

2,236.76 lbf/ft

Coeficiente de Aceleracin vertical Av

0.00 %g

Fuerza resistente a la volcadura en el anillo wa

=
=

5,776.63 Cumple
10,198.62

0.40 %g
0.05 Cumple!
8,838,203 lb/ft
39.22 ft

(API E.6.1.1)
(API E.6.1.2)

(API E.6.1.3)
(API E.6.2.1.1)

5,776.63

Carga de volcadura por presin interna wint

=
0.00 lbf/ft
Ratio de anclaje J
=
2.62
CONCLUSION SEGN API E.6.2.1.1.1:
J>1.54 El Tanque es inestable al volteo y requiere anclajes
VERIFICACION POR COMPRESION
Clculo de la Mxima Fuerza de Comprensin Longitudinal en la base del casco:
Para J <=0.785:
Mximo esfuerzo de compresin longitudinal s
Para 0.785<J <=1.54:

No aplica

Pgina 3

lb/pie2

txh

3.94
11.81
19.68
27.55
35.42
43.30

=
=

Periodo natural convectivo Tc

1.28HDG
Fuerza resistente a la volcadura en el anillo wa

Vir t(in)

(API E 6.2.2)

Mximo esfuerzo de compresin longitudinal s


Para J>1.54:

Mximo esfuerzo de compresin longitudinal s

No aplica

lb/pie2

(API E 6.2.2)

2,414.00 lb/pie2

(API E 6.2.2)

Mximo esfuerzo de compresin admisible en el casco:


GHD2/t2
=
601,081.10
Mximo esfuerzo de compresin admisible Fc
=
11,468.41 lb/pulg2
Correcto, s no excede a Fc
Correcto! Fc es menor que 0.5Fy (18,000 lb/pulg2)
ANCLAJES
Espaciamiento mximo entre pernos de anclaje
Cantidad mnima de pernos de anclaje
Cantidad de diseo pernos de anclaje
Espaciamiento real
Tensin del perno de anclaje SAE 1045
P AB
Dimetro de los pernos de anclaje
Esfuerzo a la tensin (Debe se menor a 0,8*Fy)

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

Pgina 3

(API E 6.2.2)
(API E 6.2.2)

10 pies
(API 3.12.3, E.7.1.2)
24.00 pernos
Cumple #pernos >6
35.00 (Colocar a criterio)
6.77 pies
Correcto!
165,864 lb
Fy=45,000 lb/pulg2
2.5 in
(Colocar a criterio)
33,790 Correcto!<=36,000 lb/pulg2

Viga tope

VIGAS TOPE E INTERMEDIA CONTRA EL VIENTO

Viga tope
Mdulo de seccin Z =

0.51 in3 a
=
2.5 in
b
=
2.5 in
a
t
=
0.25 in
t shell =
0.25 in
c
=
0.5 in
L
=
7
A
=
4.125
c1
= 3.61364
c2
= 1.38636
I
= 15.9077 in4
S
=
4.40 in3
= 2 L 2 1/2 x 2 1/2 x 1/4
(API 5.9.3.1)
=
871.78 Kg
=
60 in (API 5.9.5)

Usar
Peso
Distancia soportes
Vigas intermedias
Altura maxima sin
atiesador = 1831.381 ft

Wtr
1=
2=
3=
4=
5=
6=
7=
8=
9=
10 =
11 =
12 =

60.08 in
60.08 in
67.18 in
67.18 in
77.57 in
84.97 in
95.00 in
95.00 in
0.00 in
0.00 in
0.00 in
0.00 in
607.05 in

Altura transformada
50.59 ft
Ht>Htr luego no lleva viga intermedia
Numero de anillos
No aplica
N
No aplica
htr separacion transf. No aplica

Pgina 4

t shell

VIGAS TOPE E INTERMEDIA CONTRA EL VIENTO

Viga tope
Mdulo de seccin Z =

0.51 in3 a
b
t
t shell
c
L
A
c1
c2
I
S
= L 3 x 3 x 1/4
=
527.65 Kg
=
72 in

Usar
Peso
Distancia soportes
Vigas intermedias
Altura maxima sin
atiezador Ht =

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

3 in
3 in
0.25 in
0.1875 in
0.25 in
6.25
2.60938
1.85348
1.14652
4.51989 in4
2.44 in3

892.14 ft

Wtr
1=
2=
3=
4=
5=
6=
7=
8=
9=
10 =
11 =
12 =

60.08 in
60.08 in
67.18 in
67.18 in
77.57 in
84.97 in
95.00 in
95.00 in
0.00 in
0.00 in
0.00 in
0.00 in
607.05 in

Altura transformada
50.59 ft
Ht>Htr luego no lleva viga intermedia
Numero de anillos
No aplica
N
No aplica
htr separacion transf. No aplica

Pgina 4

c
a

t shell