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David Maler BOOMERANG VIRTUAL AIRLINES airboomerang@noos.fr
David Maler BOOMERANG VIRTUAL AIRLINES airboomerang@noos.fr

David Maler BOOMERANG VIRTUAL AIRLINES airboomerang@noos.fr

Contents

BEFORE WE START

3

Warning

3

Writing Style

3

Tutorial Objectives

4

What you need 4

Versions & Updates 4

References

4

FLIGHT PREPARATION

5

ERJ Configuration

6

Pre-Flight Briefing

7

Our Flight Plan

7

SID Procedures

10

STAR Procedures

12

Passengers, Freight and Fuel

14

ALL ABOARD!

15

Flight Simulator Startup

15

Inspection and cockpit installation 16

19

FMS Programming 20

Instrument Presentation

Speed setup

28

Engine Start

29

Taxi

32

Takeoff 35

Climb

38

Cruise

40

Using the FMS while cruising

41

System check

42

Descent

45

Approach

50

Landing

52

Systems shutdown 54

Schedule 1: FMS advanced features

55

A> Save a flight plan

55

B> Modify a saved flight plan 57

C>

Adding waypoints

58

D> STAR procedure creation

60

E>

HOLD

procedure

65

BEFORE WE START

Warning

!
!

FOR FLIGHT SIMULATION ONLY

This tutorial cannot be used in the real life and is solely reserved to fly using Microsoft Flight Simulator.

This tutorial is Freeware and can be freely distributed provided no changes are made to it. This tutorial was originally written in French and was later translated into English. You may find some language errors so please do not hesitate to tell me if things need to be corrected. For any questions contact the author:

If you like my work, just let me know and drop me a few lines!

Writing Style

è This symbol is used when action is required from your side – eg close the doors.

þ This symbol is used when you have to monitor something - eg check the remaining fuel.

Œ • Ž
Œ
Ž

These numbers indicate a procedure that must be followed in the same order as stated.

You will see this sign when you are given a technical explanation about the plane.procedure that must be followed in the same order as stated. ! Watch out for this

!
!

Watch out for this sign, something important is going to be stated there.

The aural assistant ‘Betty’ is now talking to you: her message will appear as follows: AURAL UNIT OK . AURAL UNIT OK.

PFD

Words and abbreviations that are blue, bold and underlined are explained at the end of this tutorial in the glossary.

Paragraphs with yellow shading

means that indications are given not directly related to the simulator, a

natural conversation between you and me for example.

You will generally find a screenshot illustrating a written instruction. The screenshots are always displayed

after the instructions unless for screenshots containing a sequence of procedure ( screenshot comes first immediately followed by explanations.

) where the

Œ • Ž
Œ
Ž

Tutorial Objectives

This tutorial is targeted to flightsim users who are already familiar with MS Flight Simulator 9 and know the basic commands such as how to ‘retract the flaps’ or ‘arm the speed brakes’. It's been designed in a way that you will not need to refer to any external documentation to complete your flight. Not all commands and switches are described in this tutorial though and you may find it useful to read extra documentation quoted in the reference section just below.

The main aim of this tutorial is to take you to a pleasant flight crossing France and enjoying this great airplane made by FeelThere. Please bear in mind that I am NOT a real pilot and therefore the procedures that are explained here may not be always very realistic, it's all about a game after all isn't it? And games mean pleasure and good times! Do not hesitate to pause the simulator from time to time especially the first time you follow this tutorial. If you find any mistakes, plese report them to me: airboomerang@noos.fr

I hope you will enjoy this flight!

What you need

- the great ER145 by Feelthere - www.feelthere.com

- a recent navigation cycle (nd.exe) available on Feelthere forum - www.iemit.com/forum/

- this tutorial – best colour printed

- If you want my white textures, download and install them from www.boomerang.new.fr

- you may also visit the French AIP site www.sia.aviation-civile.gouv.fr – to get enroute and airports charts.

Versions & Updates

Please refer to www.boomerang.new.fr for the latest updates of this tutorial.

References

Feelthere official documentationfor the latest updates of this tutorial. References Bill Grabowski panel documentation Elgan Thomas ERJ145

Bill Grabowski panel documentationthis tutorial. References Feelthere official documentation Elgan Thomas ERJ145 tutorial Feelthere forums Fuel Planner

Elgan Thomas ERJ145 tutorialofficial documentation Bill Grabowski panel documentation Feelthere forums Fuel Planner addon and Navdata latest cycle

Feelthere forumsGrabowski panel documentation Elgan Thomas ERJ145 tutorial Fuel Planner addon and Navdata latest cycle by A.

Fuel Planner addon and Navdata latest cycle by A. Hermanodocumentation Elgan Thomas ERJ145 tutorial Feelthere forums Route Finder : flight plan calculation French AIP Brest

Route Finder : flight plan calculationFuel Planner addon and Navdata latest cycle by A. Hermano French AIP Brest scenery by Laurent

French AIPcycle by A. Hermano Route Finder : flight plan calculation Brest scenery by Laurent Lequantho Perpignan

Brest scenery by Laurent LequanthoA. Hermano Route Finder : flight plan calculation French AIP Perpignan scenery by Moustache www.feelthere.com

Perpignan scenery by Moustachecalculation French AIP Brest scenery by Laurent Lequantho www.feelthere.com http://fsim.com.br/project-erj/panel.html

FLIGHT PREPARATION

Flight Scenario

FLIGHT PREPARATION Flight Scenario Your mission, should you accept it: Fly part of Perpignan local rugby

Your mission, should you accept it:

Fly part of Perpignan local rugby team and staff to Brest in western France crossing the whole country.

Your aircraft today:staff to Brest in western France crossing the whole country. A brand new E mbraer R

A brand new Embraer Regional Jet (ERJ) model 145.

A brand new E mbraer R egional J et (ERJ) model 145. Your airline: Air Boomerang,

Your airline:

Air Boomerang, a young regional airline that operates chartered flights and regular destinations with regional jets - Embraer, Fokker 100.

destinations with regional jets - Embraer, Fokker 100. Your copilot : David your devoted mate that

Your copilot :

David your devoted mate that will ensure all communications and radio operations during the flight.

all communications and radio operations during the flight. The flight : We will start our briefing

The flight :

We will start our briefing at Perpignan airport, then move out to the aircraft to inspect it and will finally board and start our flight.

aircraft to inspect it and will finally board and start our flight. 5 / 6 7

ERJ Configuration

è Click on Start / Programs / Feelthere / ERJ configuration

è Change the options as illustrated below – these are my suggestions – not compulsory according to your

preferences. However, all references to weights in this tutorial will be in Kilos so it may be best to switch on this option.

will be in Kilos so it may be best to switch on this option. 6 /
will be in Kilos so it may be best to switch on this option. 6 /
will be in Kilos so it may be best to switch on this option. 6 /
will be in Kilos so it may be best to switch on this option. 6 /

Pre-Flight Briefing

Our Flight Plan

RouteFinder

Route generator for PC flight simulation use - NOT FOR REAL WORLD NAVIGATION (C)2005 ASA srl - Italy

Computed route from RIVESALTES (LFMP, LF) to GUIPAVAS (LFRB, LF):

 

16 fixes, 476.1 nautical miles

 

LFMP (0.0nm) -> MORIL (30.1nm) -UP84-> MONIX (55.7nm) -UP84-> TOU (88.6nm) -UN727-> AGN (111.3nm) -UN863-> SECHE (147.7nm) -UN863-> VELIN (183.7nm) -UN863-> CNA (229.0nm) -UN863-> ADILU (264.6nm) -UN863-> MANAK (271.4nm) -UN863-> TIRAV (301.1nm) -UN863-> NTS (336.1nm) - UM616-> TERPO (353.2nm) -UM616-> KORER (383.9nm) -UM616-> ARE (442.8nm) -STAR-> LFRB

(476.1nm)

 

Details:

 

ID

FREQ

TRK

DIST

Coords

Name/Remarks

LFMP

0

0

N42°44'25.59" E002°52'14.40" N43°03'57.00" E002°21'01.00" N43°20'11.00" E001°53'49.00" N43°40'51.00" E001°18'35.30" N43°53'16.90" E000°52'22.30" N44°26'19.00" E000°30'55.00" N44°58'48.00" E000°09'20.00" N45°39'34.40" W000°18'41.90" N46°07'27.00" W000°50'22.00" N46°12'48.00" W000°56'31.00" N46°35'56.00" W001°23'27.00" N47°09'39.10" W001°36'46.70" N47°20'56.00" W001°55'44.00" N47°41'06.00" W002°30'03.00" N48°19'57.50" W003°36'08.90" N48°26'52.48" W004°25'06.74"

RIVESALTES MORIL MONIX TOULOUSE AGEN SECHE VELIN COGNAC ADILU MANAK TIRAV NANTES TERPO KORER MONTS D ARREE GUIPAVAS

 

MORIL

313

30

MONIX

312

26

TOU

117.7

312

33

AGN

114.8

307

23

SECHE

339

36

VELIN

339

36

CNA

114.65

338

45

ADILU

326

36

MANAK

325

7

TIRAV

325

30

NTS

115.5

349

35

TERPO

316

17

KORER

316

31

ARE

112.5

317

59

LFRB

288

33

Tracks are magnetic, distances are in nautical miles.

 

LFMP MORIL UP84 TOU UN727 AGN UN863 NTS UM616 ARE STAR LFRB

Here is our flight plan on a map:

1. From Perpignan to Cognac CNA

our flight plan on a map: 1. From Perpignan to Cognac CNA Source : Service de

Source : Service de l’information aéronautique : http://www.sia.aviation-civile.gouv.fr/

2. From Cognac CNA to Monts d'Arrée ARE in Brittany just before entering the city of Brest area.

in Brittany just before entering the city of Brest area. Source : Service de l’information aéronautique

Source : Service de l’information aéronautique : http://www.sia.aviation-civile.gouv.fr/

SID Procedures

We will take off runway 33 as usual in Perpignan. We will then follow the north ORBIL SID then we will aim at heading 311° of PPG VOR to reach MORIL intersection.

heading 311° of PPG VOR to reach MORIL intersection. Source : Service de l’information aéronautique :

Source : Service de l’information aéronautique : http://www.sia.aviation-civile.gouv.fr/

Source : Service de l’information aéronautique : http://www.sia.aviation-civile.gouv.fr/ 1 1 / 6 7 ERJ 145

Source : Service de l’information aéronautique : http://www.sia.aviation-civile.gouv.fr/

STAR Procedures

Coming close to our arrival in Brest, we will follow ARE3B STAR from ARE VOR that will take us to BODIL intersection.

Brest STAR and regional map

take us to BODIL intersection. Brest STAR and regional map Source : Service de l’information aéronautique

Source : Service de l’information aéronautique : http://www.sia.aviation-civile.gouv.fr/

Source : Service de l’information aéronautique : http://www.sia.aviation-civile.gouv.fr/ 1 3 / 6 7 ERJ 145

Source : Service de l’information aéronautique : http://www.sia.aviation-civile.gouv.fr/

Passengers, Freight and Fuel

Please use this weight calculator sheet below to estimate our total weight and fuel.

Bear in mind that this is not a very realistic procedure and that a fuel calculator utility is also available- see the References section at the beginning of this tutorial

Today we expect 45 PAX + 600 kg of cargo.

ALL WEIGHTS ARE IN KILOS

ERJ 145 – Weight and Fuel Calculator
ERJ 145 – Weight and Fuel Calculator

ERJ 145 – Weight and Fuel Calculator

ERJ 145 – Weight and Fuel Calculator
ERJ 145 – Weight and Fuel Calculator
ERJ 145 – Weight and Fuel Calculator
ERJ 145 – Weight and Fuel Calculator

Flight information

Distance

476 nm FL360 1 h 30
476 nm
FL360
1 h 30
 

Cruise ALT

E.T.E.

Weight

TOTAL

MAX

Empty weight

12 399

Passengers

45
45

X 80

3600

Cargo

600

Staff

300

ZFW

16 899

17 900

Fuel

min.

TOTAL

MAX

A – taxi

10 90 30
10
90
30

x

1100 kg/h

183

 

B - ETE

x

1100 kg/h

1 659

 

C - ALT

x

1100 kg/h

D - reserves

x

1100 kg/h

550

E – extra

x

1100 kg/h

200

Total fuel

2 592

5 170

Gross Weight (ZFW + fuel)

 

19 491

22 000

ALL WEIGHTS ARE IN KILOS

ALL ABOARD!

Flight Simulator Startup

è Start MS Flight Simulator and create the following flight:

Aircraft: ERJ145 from FeelThere - cockpit 2D. : ERJ145 from FeelThere - cockpit 2D.

Airport: Perpignan Rivesaltes – Gate/Door G2 : Perpignan Rivesaltes – Gate/Door G2

Weather: default weather : default weather

Date & time: date does not matter but set your time to 8:30am local time . : date does not matter but set your time to 8:30am local time.

: date does not matter but set your time to 8:30am local time . 1 5

Inspection and cockpit installation

Inspection and cockpit installation è Open the passenger door by pressing Shift + E on the

è

Open the passenger door by pressing Shift + E on the keyboard as well as the cargo door SHIFT + E +

2

- luggage are on their way!

þ Inspect your aircraft and get on board!

Systems Ignition

Make sure the parking brake is set.

è Open the console by clicking on the relevant button as shown:

The parking brake must be set and horizontal:

button as shown: The parking brake must be set and horizontal: 1 6 / 6 7
button as shown: The parking brake must be set and horizontal: 1 6 / 6 7

è Close the console and open the upper panel:

è Close the console and open the upper panel: ‘ • Œ ’ • • “
‘ • Œ ’ • • “ Ž ”
Œ
Ž

è Œ è Switch on the battery by rotating the 2 knobs to AUTO Switch on the battery by rotating the 2 knobs to AUTO

AURAL UNIT OKAY!

AURAL UNIT OKAY!

Let me introduce you to Betty, your virtual electronic assistant. Her messages must always be listened to with great care as she gives important information about our aircraft.

You will notice some switches on the upper panel are lit. This Embraer use the Black Panel Logic, therefore every light will have to go off before we start.care as she gives important information about our aircraft. • è Switch on the avionics by

•

è Switch on the avionics by clicking on the buttons (light must go off).

þ The cockpit navigation instruments must now be on – PFD, MFD, EICAS

Ž
Ž

è Arm the Emergency LT by moving the switch to the ARM position.

•

è Turn the right FUEL knob to the ON position.

•

è Start the APU by rotating the knob to the START position.

þ Monitor for complete startup of the APU: indication must be 100% on the EICAS as illustrated below:

must be 100% on the EICAS as illustrated below: ‘ è Switch on the anti-ice by
‘

è Switch on the anti-ice by clicking of these two buttons – light must go off.

è

Turn the air conditioning ON by clicking on all lit buttons – 4 of them – light air conditioning ON by clicking on all lit buttons – 4 of them – light must go off.

è

No Smoking and Seat Belt signs must be ON . and Seat Belt signs must be ON.

è

Switch on the navigation lights . navigation lights.

Your upper panel should now look like this:

þ All lights are off -black panel logic

look like this: þ All lights are off - black panel logic We can start boarding

We can start boarding Passengers.

è Close the upper panel

We can start boarding Passengers. è Close the upper panel è Switch off the audio alarm

è Switch off the audio alarm by clicking on the alert indicator amber button:

audio alarm by clicking on the alert indicator amber button : 1 8 / 6 7

þ You may have noticed that the time indicated on our clock is GMT. It’s best to switch the clock to our

local time.

è Click on Clock Mode Switch as shown below to display the local time:

è
è

Instrument Presentation

Let’s start identifying the main part of our instrument panels. Try to remember their abbreviations, as they will be referred to very frequently throughout this tutorial.

• ‘ • • Œ Ž
Œ
Ž
þ Œ PFD - Primary Flight Display - on which you can find the EADI
þ
ΠPFD - Primary Flight Display - on which you can find the EADI РElectronic Altitude Direction

Indication – on top and the EHSI Electronic Horizontal Situation Indicator – at the bottom.

þ

MFD - Multi Function Display - Multi Function Display

þ

RMU - Radio Management Unit - Radio Management Unit

þ

EICAS - Engine Indication and Crew Alerting System - Engine Indication and Crew Alerting System

þ

DCP : Display Control Panel : Display Control Panel

þ

FGC - Flight Guidance Control – on which you can find the FD – flight director - Flight Guidance Control on which you can find the FD flight director – the AP Auto

Pilot

FMS Programming

We now need to set our flight plan on our FMS. We plan to takeoff at 9:00am, which means we have something like 30 minutes to complete our flight preparation.

è Open the FMS

to complete our flight preparation. è Open the FMS Let’s see how it works: 1R 1L

Let’s see how it works:

1R 1L 2R 2L 3R 3L 4R 4L scratchpad Function Keys Keyboard
1R
1L
2R
2L
3R
3L
4R
4L
scratchpad
Function Keys
Keyboard

In this tutorial, the 4 keys on the left will be referred to as

referred as to

1R, 2R,
1R,
2R,
on the left will be referred to as referred as to 1R, 2R, 3R and 4R

3R and

4R
4R
1L , 2L , 3L
1L
,
2L
,
3L

and

4L
4L

. The 4 keys on the right will be

The scratchpad is where letters and figures will be displayed when we type something of the FMS.

In case of typing mistakes, press CLR key at the bottom. The DEL key enables to delete a whole line such as a navigation point – we will use this later on.

CAUTION : The following pages heavily use screenshots. Each screenshot shows the result of the written instructions stated just before.

þ Check that all information appears in Green. Any information in RED and you will need to update the navigation database.

in RED and you will need to update the navigation database. è Press – POS INIT

è Press

POS INIT

to update the navigation database. è Press – POS INIT – LOAD è Press – FLT

LOAD

è Press

database. è Press – POS INIT – LOAD è Press – FLT PLAN è Press è

FLT PLAN

è Press

– POS INIT – LOAD è Press – FLT PLAN è Press è Type in our

è Type in our destination airport code, which is

LFRB.

scratchpad

the

You

can

now

see

the

code

in

which is LFRB . scratchpad the You can now see the code in è Press 2R

è Press

2R
2R

– DEST

the You can now see the code in è Press 2R – DEST Let's set up

Let's set up our departure now. We will get back to our flight plan just after.

è Press

DEPARTURE DEPARTURE

back to our flight plan just after. è Press – DEPARTURE è Press 3R – 33

è Press

3R
3R

33 (runway)

è Press – DEPARTURE è Press 3R – 33 (runway) The Navigation Database does not hold

The Navigation Database does not hold Perpignan SID at this time of writing, we will try to follow it manually instead. Refer to schedule 1 to learn how to create your own SID or STAR procedures.

è

Press

è Press - ACTIVATE We now need to type our waypoints. è Type the first waypoint

- ACTIVATE

è Press - ACTIVATE We now need to type our waypoints. è Type the first waypoint

We now need to type our waypoints.

è Type the first waypoint MORIL

to type our waypoints. è Type the first waypoint MORIL è Press to store the value

è Press

to store the valueour waypoints. è Type the first waypoint MORIL è Press è Type the next point: UP84.TOU

Type the first waypoint MORIL è Press to store the value è Type the next point:

è Type the next point: UP84.TOU

Press to store the value è Type the next point: UP84.TOU è Press 3L è Press
è Press 3L è Press then type the next
è
Press
3L
è
Press
then
type
the
next

point UN727.AGN

Press 3L è Press then type the next point UN727.AGN è Press to store the value

è

Press

to store the valueè Press then type the next point UN727.AGN è Press è Type the next point UN863.NTS

type the next point UN727.AGN è Press to store the value è Type the next point

è Type the next point UN863.NTS

è Press to store the value è Type the next point UN863.NTS 2 2 / 6

è Press

to store the valueè Press è Press we can type our next point UM616.ARE 3 times to reach page

è Press to store the value è Press we can type our next point UM616.ARE 3
è Press to store the value è Press we can type our next point UM616.ARE 3

è Press

we can type our next point UM616.ARE

3 times to reach page 5 where

type our next point UM616.ARE 3 times to reach page 5 where è Press 1L Let’s

è Press

1L
1L
point UM616.ARE 3 times to reach page 5 where è Press 1L Let’s deal with our

Let’s deal with our arrival now.

è Press NAV

Press 1L Let’s deal with our arrival now. è Press NAV è Press 3R to choose
Press 1L Let’s deal with our arrival now. è Press NAV è Press 3R to choose

è Press

3R
3R

to choose ARRIVAL

arrival now. è Press NAV è Press 3R to choose ARRIVAL è Press to select our

è Press

to select our runwayè Press NAV è Press 3R to choose ARRIVAL è Press è Choose runway 26L by

Press 3R to choose ARRIVAL è Press to select our runway è Choose runway 26L by

è Choose runway 26L by clicking

3L
3L
to select our runway è Choose runway 26L by clicking 3L è Press to get back

è Press

to get back to the ARRIVAL page

by clicking 3L è Press to get back to the ARRIVAL page to choose the STAR

to choose the STAR

è Press

to get back to the ARRIVAL page to choose the STAR è Press 2 3 /
 

è

Press

4L
4L

- ACTIVATE

è

Press

1L
1L

- ARE3B

 
 
 
 

Our flight plan is now complete.

 

è Click on PREV and NEXT to check the different pages to see if everything is ok.

to check the different pages to see if everything is ok. Let’s have a look at

Let’s have a look at our flight plan on the map of the MFD.

 
B1 B2 B3 B4 B5 B6
B1
B2
B3
B4
B5
B6

è On the MFD, click on

B2
B2

- MFD then

B3
B3

- JSTK.

è Click on

B2
B2

- SKP to move to the next waypoint. Click on

B3
B3

- RCL to get back to the previous waypoint.

è Adjust the zoom by rotating the knob as illustrated on the bottom right corner just above.

è Once everything reviewed, do not forget to come back to the first waypoint by clicking several times on

B3

– RCL. Once achieved, click twice on

B1

- RTN to get back to the MFD initial display.

Let’s get to PERF INIT data : altitude, weight, fuel,

Let’s get to PERF INIT data : altitude, weight, fuel,

etc.

Let’s get to PERF INIT data : altitude, weight, fuel, etc.

è Press

4R
4R

- PERF INIT

: altitude, weight, fuel, etc. è Press 4R - PERF INIT è Press Page 2 shows

è Press

weight, fuel, etc. è Press 4R - PERF INIT è Press Page 2 shows speeds related
weight, fuel, etc. è Press 4R - PERF INIT è Press Page 2 shows speeds related

Page 2 shows speeds related to CLIMB, CRUISE and DESCENT. We can leave this as it is.

è Press

CRUISE and DESCENT . We can leave this as it is. è Press On page 3,
CRUISE and DESCENT . We can leave this as it is. è Press On page 3,

On page 3, this is where we could increase our reserves or fuel necessary for takeoff. We’re going to leave those values as they are.

è Press

We’re going to leave those values as they are. è Press We need to change two
We’re going to leave those values as they are. è Press We need to change two

We need to change two things on this page – the transition altitude which is 5,000 ft @ Perpignan and our Cruise Altitude which will be be 36,000 ft or FL360 today.

è Type 5000 in the scratchpad then press

è Type 36000 then press

2L
2L
1L
1L

Page 4 should now look like this:

36000 then press 2L 1L Page 4 should now look like this: è Press Last page

è Press

then press 2L 1L Page 4 should now look like this: è Press Last page is
then press 2L 1L Page 4 should now look like this: è Press Last page is

Last page is about the weight and fuel of our aircraft. Remember that we calculated this on the ‘Freight, Passenger and Fuel’ page of this tutorial. We were just confirmed that we have 45 passengers on board.

è Click on Aircraft / Weight and fuel menu of Flight Simulator and choose Modify weight. Change the

values to get to a total weight of 4500 as illustrated below:

to get to a total weight of 4500 as illustrated below: We also previously calculated that

We also previously calculated that we needed 2,592 kilos of fuel for this flight.

è Change the quantity of fuel so that you reach these figures. In this example, I modified both tanks @

51% of their total capacity which gives a total weight of 2,638 kilos. It is slightly more that we wanted but it’s better to have more than less!

that we wanted but it’s better to have more than less! þ Check that the gross

þ Check that the gross weight does not exceed the Max Takeoff Weight:

the gross weight does not exceed the Max Takeoff Weight: è Click OK to get back

è Click OK to get back to our flight and FMS programming.

è Type

GAUGE

in

the fuel

quantity then

press

2L
2L

-

è Type in 600 for cargo then press

3L
3L

è Type in 45/80 - 45 passengers @ 80Kg each -

then press

1R
1R

þ Check the gross weight as indicated below. Today we have something close to 19,5 tons:

below. Today we have something close to 19,5 tons: è Press - CONFIRM INIT è Press

è Press

- CONFIRM INIT CONFIRM INIT

something close to 19,5 tons: è Press - CONFIRM INIT è Press – PERF DATA .

è Press

PERF DATA . PERF DATA.

tons: è Press - CONFIRM INIT è Press – PERF DATA . FMS forecast is 1h16

FMS forecast is 1h16 of flight time - ETE.

è Press

. FMS forecast is 1h16 of flight time - ETE . è Press Our flight will
. FMS forecast is 1h16 of flight time - ETE . è Press Our flight will

Our flight will be 477nm long and our landing weight will be around 18,2 tons. We will need this weight to calculate our landing speed later.

è Press

4R
4R

TAKEOFF

calculate our landing speed later. è Press 4R – TAKEOFF We need to type the speed

We need to type the speed and direction of the wind. There is no wind today in Perpignan.

è Type in 0/0 in the scratchpad then press

2R
2R
Perpignan. è Type in 0/0 in the scratchpad then press 2R è Press FPL to get

è Press FPL to get back to our flight plan.

è Close the FMS

Press FPL to get back to our flight plan. è Close the FMS 2 7 /

Speed setup

Speed setup è On the MFD , press B2 – MFD then press B2 - SPD

è On the MFD, press

B2
B2

– MFD then press

B2
B2

- SPD. Here is what you get:

B2 – MFD then press B2 - SPD . Here is what you get: Use the

Use the reference speed table below to calculate our speed. Today our weight is 19.5 tons:

WEIGHT

       

(tons)

V1

VR

V2

VFS

14

113

122

128

142

14,5

113

122

127

145

15

113

121

126

147

15,5

113

121

126

150

16

114

121

125

152

16,5

116

123

127

154

17

119

126

129

156

17,5

122

128

131

158

18

124

130

133

160

18,5

127

132

135

163

19

129

134

137

165

19,5

132

136

138

167

20

134

138

140

169

20,5

137

140

142

171

21

139

142

144

173

21,5

141

144

146

175

22

143

146

148

177

We need to set up 4 speeds:

- V1 - magenta colour is when we decide whether to carry on or stop our take off.

- VR – blue colour is when we can ROTATE ! and take off.

- V2 – white colour is when we reach our safety speed to take off,

- AP – green colour is the best speed for climbing.

- AP – green colour is the best speed for climbing. è Click on - V1

è Click on

- V1 to select the first speed. to select the first speed.

þ A white frame must appear around V1.

è Click on the jog dial as shown above to select V1 - 132 knots.

è Repeat this for VR, V2 et AP by selecting the speed indicated on the table the page before.

þ You should get this :

on the table the page before. þ You should get this : è Click on -

è Click on

- RTN to get back to the initial page of the MFD . to get back to the initial page of the MFD.

Engine Start

All passengers have now boarded – can’t you hear them singing?

è Close all doors using Shift + E for main door and SHIFT + E + 2 for cargo.

þ Check the MFD: all doors must be green.

2 for cargo. þ Check the MFD : all doors must be green. We have now

We have now our clearance to start off the engines. As there are no pushing back facilities at Perpignan Airport, we can start immediately.

è Open the overhead panel

è Open the overhead panel “ Ž • • ‘ • Œ è Œ Turn the
“ Ž • • ‘ • Œ
Ž
Œ
è Open the overhead panel “ Ž • • ‘ • Œ è Œ Turn the

è Œ Turn the Red Beacon on to warn the ground staff that we are about to start the engines.

•

è Press the APU BLEED button that should lit- you should also hear the APU engine starting.

Ž
Ž

è Check the Ignition Settings knobs that must be on AUTO.

•

è Turn the left fuel pump knob to the ON position.

•

è Right-click on engine n°2 protective cover to open it and move the knob to the START position. Right-

click again to move the protective cover back to the knob.

þ Engine n°2 is now starting automatically. Check on the EICAS

the % value of engine 2 : engine starts at 23% then stabilizes at

65%.

è Repeat n°

•

to start engine n°1.

stabilizes at 65%. è Repeat n° • to start engine n°1. ‘ è Once both engines
‘

è Once both engines started, switch the electric pumps on to the AUTO position.

’

è Press APU BLEED switch (

•

) to turn it off.

“

è Switch off the APU completely by pressing the STOP button first then move the knob to the OFF

position.

þ ENG NO TO DATA alarm should blink on the EICAS.

è Close the overhead panel and cut the alarm by clicking on the yellow button.

panel and cut the alarm by clicking on the yellow button. 3 0 / 6 7

þ Check the EICAS, on which one single indication should remain - ENG NO

TO DATA (Engine No Takeoff Data) which means we will now have to set the FADEC for takeoff.

which means we will now have to set the FADEC for takeoff. è Open again the

è Open again the overhead panel.

Œ •
Œ
Œ
Œ

è Press once Take off Data Store button to select takeoff mode.

þ Check for a little triangle next to T/O MODE on the MFD which means the

line is now selected.

T/O MODE on the MFD which means the line is now selected. • è Turn this
•

è Turn this knob so as to change the desired mode. In our case we will keep it default - T/O-1.

Œ
Œ

è Press again Take off Data Store button to select the outside temperature.

þ REF TO TEMP line is now selected.

•

è Turn the knob either left or right to change the selected temperature. Today outside temperature is

15°C.

Œ
Œ

è Press Take off Data Store button once again to select REF A-ICE.

•

è Turn the knob to either activate or deactivate this mode. We will leave it to OFF.

Œ
Œ

è Press Take off Data Store one last time to complete the FADEC setting.

þ All EICAS indications referring to the engines should now appear in blue. ENG NO TO DATA should

also disappear from the EICAS.

in blue. ENG NO TO DATA should also disappear from the EICAS. 3 1 / 6
in blue. ENG NO TO DATA should also disappear from the EICAS. 3 1 / 6

Taxi

We have just received our clearance for taxi.

è Open the overhead panel and switch on the TAXI

lights.

è Close the overhead panel.

and switch on the TAXI lights. è Close the overhead panel. è Open the console Œ

è Open the console

lights. è Close the overhead panel. è Open the console Œ è • Ž è Œ
Œ
Œ

è

• Ž
Ž
Close the overhead panel. è Open the console Œ è • Ž è Œ Release the

è Œ Release the GUST LOCK – click within the red area.

•

è Activate the TOGA (Take-Off / Go Around) – click within the red area

þ Take a look at the PFD : ROL ç TO is now displayed in green and the magenta horizontal bar goes up

to 15° as illustrated below:

Ž
Ž

è Release the parking brake.

15° as illustrated below: Ž è Release the parking brake. è Close the console and move

è Close the console and move gently the throttle up to start moving the plane. Adjust thrust during taxi to

maintain low speed. Do not over speed 15 KTS.

TAXI

We are now heading to runway 33.

è On the DCP, click on FMS button to select it as our navigation source. Turn also the two knobs to the

FMS position.

source. Turn also the two knobs to the FMS position. þ Take a look at the

þ Take a look at the EHSI on the PFD. Information is now displayed in magenta, which acknowledges that our FMS has been selected as our navigation source. The first waypoint is displayed –MORIL- as well as its distance - 30 nautical miles. The ground speed is also displayed - 14 KTS in this example.

ground speed is also displayed - 14 KTS in this example. è Lower the flaps to

è Lower the flaps to 9° position and check their position on the EICAS

to 9° position and check their position on the EICAS è Raise the TRIM until the

è Raise the TRIM until the green arrow gets to the green zone as displayed below.

the green arrow gets to the green zone as displayed below. è Press TO CONFIG button

è Press TO CONFIG button on the console as shown on the next page.

TAKE OFF - OKAY ! ! Betty might tell you something else, if so please
TAKE OFF - OKAY ! ! Betty might tell you something else, if so please
TAKE OFF - OKAY ! ! Betty might tell you something else, if so please
TAKE OFF - OKAY !

TAKE OFF - OKAY !

!
!

Betty might tell you something else, if so please review what you missed.

TAKE OFF - TRIM!

TAKE OFF - TRIM!

TAKE OFF - FLAPS!! Betty might tell you something else, if so please review what you missed. TAKE OFF

TAKE OFF - BRAKES!

TAKE OFF - BRAKES!

è On the FGC, rotate the altitude selection wheel to select 5,000 feet

(Right clicking on the wheel will change the altitude faster)

clicking on the wheel will change the altitude faster) è On the RMU , Press 4L

è On the RMU, Press

4L
4L

twice to activate TCAS.

þ TA/RA indication is now displayed.

1L 2L
1L
2L

è Change the RANGE of the TCAS if required by pressing – set to 12 nautical miles in this example.

5L
5L
3L 4L
3L
4L

è

Press

6L
6L

to choose to display either NORMAL, ABOVE or

5L 6L
5L
6L

BELOW traffic.

either NORMAL , ABOVE or 5L 6L BELOW traffic. è Engage the parking brake once aligned

è Engage the parking brake once aligned on the runway to prevent the plane from moving while we

make the final preparation for takeoff.

.

END OF TAXI

aligned on the runway to prevent the plane from moving while we make the final preparation

Takeoff

We are now on runway 33 ready for takeoff

Takeoff We are now on runway 33 ready for takeoff è Switch on the Landing lights

è Switch on the Landing lights and the STROBE and switch off the Taxi lights.

è Open the FADEC window

and switch off the Taxi lights. è Open the FADEC window è Press the T/O button

è Press the T/O button to select takeoff thrust.

window è Press the T/O button to select takeoff thrust. þ Check on the EICAS the

þ Check on the EICAS the little T blue sign that will limit maximum thrust to avoid engine damage while takeoff.

will limit maximum thrust to avoid engine damage while takeoff. 3 5 / 6 7 ERJ

Let’s take advantage of the low traffic on this airport to take our time to understand how the FGC - Flight Guidance Control works on this aircraft. You can pause the simulator if you like.

!
!

Our FGC is quite different from the other jets and we must make sure that we fully understand its logic if we don’t want to crash or make our passengers sick.

• Œ Ž
Œ
Ž
þ Œ First thing to do is to choose one of the two Autopilot by
þ
ΠFirst thing to do is to choose one of the two Autopilot by pressing the CPL (Coupling) button. Being

seated on the left side as the captain of this aircraft, choose the left autopilot. Check for the green arrow pointing to your direction to the left. Also take a look at the PFD where the green arrow between ROL and TO points out to your direction.

Second thing to do is to check that the Flight Director ( FD ) is on. You cannot use the autopilot Flight Director (FD) is on. You cannot use the autopilot

without using the FD. Check that the green light on FD1 is on.

è

Ž
Ž

Third, align the heading bug HDG onto our current heading, which in this case is 330° by pressing the

centre of the heading selection wheel.

þ Check on the PFD that the blue heading bug matches our current heading. We can also visually check this on the MFD.

heading. We can also visually check this on the MFD. ! Always monitor the result of
heading. We can also visually check this on the MFD. ! Always monitor the result of
!
!

Always monitor the result of your action on the PFD after activating a command on the FGC to double-check your action.

þ Also check the display of the PFD. Active modes are displayed in green. Armed modes appear in white.

In this example, lateral active mode is ROL, which is good for takeoff. Active vertical mode is TO for takeoff.

No lateral mode is armed for the moment whereas ASEL is our vertical armed mode. ASEL stands for Altitude selection, which means that our aircraft will reach the selected altitude of 5,000 feet.

ROL lateral active mode

Pilot in command

TO vertical active mode

active mode Pilot in command TO vertical active mode ASEL armed vertical mode TAKEOFF! è Move
active mode Pilot in command TO vertical active mode ASEL armed vertical mode TAKEOFF! è Move

ASEL armed vertical mode

TAKEOFF!

è Move the throttle to full thrust and maintain the aircraft aligned onto the runway.

þ Check the engine thrust on the EICAS.

è When reaching VR speed, rotate by gently pulling the joystick. Monitor your PFD and try to maintain the

magenta bar aligned as illustrated below:

è Raise the gear when airborne

ROTATE!

illustrated below: è Raise the gear when airborne ROTATE! è Press CLB thrust mode to reduce

è Press CLB thrust mode to reduce thrust.

airborne ROTATE! è Press CLB thrust mode to reduce thrust. 3 7 / 6 7 ERJ

Climb

è Push the AP button of the FGC along with HDG FLC to make those modes active.

!
!

Leave the joystick alone!

If you fly using a joystick, do not touch it after engaging the autopilot because it remains active and could alter the automatic heading and vertical speed of the flight computer.

þ The aircraft should now fly by herself heading to 330° and climb to the selected altitude of 5,000 feet.

è Raise the flaps completely when passing VREF or AP speed indicator.

completely when passing VREF or AP speed indicator. è Arm LNAV mode by pressing the NAV

è Arm LNAV mode by pressing the NAV button.

þ NAV should light and HDG also remains lit.

button. þ NAV should light and HDG also remains lit. Turn the HDG wheel selector to

Turn the HDG wheel selector to achieve a new heading of 300°

the HDG wheel selector to achieve a new heading of 300 ° þ It is now

þ It is now time to quickly analyze what the PFD is telling

us. We have just taken off and we can already see a lot on it:

- The active navigation mode is FMS: we know this because the information is displayed in magenta colour.

- The next waypoint is MORIL which is 26.5 nm ahead of us

- Our ground speed is 192 KTS.

- We are climbing to 5,000 feet at 3,300 feet/minute.

- The autopilot is ON (AP). HDG and CLB are active, LNAV and ASEL are armed.

( AP ). HDG and CLB are active, LNAV and ASEL are armed. 3 8 /

è Increase our selected altitude to 10,000 feet by rotating the ASEL knob.

þ At around 7,000 feet, the FMS should capture our programmed route. LNAV mode should become

active and displayed in green on the PFD while HDG light on the button goes off on the FGC.

PFD while HDG light on the button goes off on the FGC . è Increase the

è Increase the selected altitude to 36,000 feet using the ASEL knob.

è Passing 10,000 feet, switch off the landing lights as well as the seat belt sign.

Et voilà! We have now completed the biggest part of our work. The FGC is now dealing with navigation and our work will be to monitor our instruments to check that everything goes fine.

Autopilot vertical modes: FLC and VS In this type of aircraft, FLC mode is generally

Autopilot vertical modes: FLC and VS

In this type of aircraft, FLC mode is generally used for climbing up to 10,000 feet. This mode automatically adjusts vertical speed to maintain a maximum air speed of 250 kts. Passing 10,000 feet, FLC mode will adjust vertical speed to reach Mach 0.56. VS mode is used when constant vertical speed is required - 2,000 feet / minute for example.

In case of turbulence, it is best to use VS instead of FLC mode.

BUZZ - BUZZ - BUZZ

BUZZ - BUZZ - BUZZ

þ You will hear 3 buzz when reaching ASEL less 1,000 feet, i.e. 35,000 feet in our case. This is to warn us

that we are about to reach our cruising altitude. It has taken 20 minutes so far for our aircraft to reach our

cruising altitude.

Cruise

þ When reaching cruising altitude, make sure the aircraft levels off at 36,000 feet and that vertical speed

green arrow points to 0. ALT mode is now the active vertical mode:

arrow points to 0. ALT mode is now the active vertical mode: è At 36,000 feet

è At 36,000 feet, press CRZ (CRUISE) as illustrated below.

At 36,000 feet , press CRZ (CRUISE) as illustrated below. þ Engine thrust will reduce automatically.

þ Engine thrust will reduce automatically. Depending on winds, speed will carry on increasing and we must

continuously check it as there are no auto throttles on this aircraft.

!
!

No auto-throttles

Always adjust thrust to avoid over speeding. The SPD mode on the FGC panel does not maintain airspeed while cruising.

Using the FMS while cruising

Using the FMS while cruising è Open the FMS and click on PROG On page 1

è Open the FMS and click on PROG

the FMS while cruising è Open the FMS and click on PROG On page 1 of

On page 1 of PROGRESS, we can see that:

- The next waypoint to reach is AGN – magenta colour. It is 10nm ahead of us and we should reach it within 1 minute approximately.

- We will reach our destination (runway 26L of Brest) within 377nm or 56 minutes in-flight.

è Press NEXT to move to the next page:

in-flight. è Press NEXT to move to the next page: On page 2, we can see

On page 2, we can see that:

- We are flying at maximum cruising speed (MMO)

- Top of Climb TOC is passed (PAST)

- Top of Descent TOD, i.e. when we have to start descending,

will take place in 29 minutes after flying 217nm. Vertical speed at that time will have to be set to 2,600 feet/minute.

è Press FLP to monitor our flight plan progress:

è Press FLP to monitor our flight plan progress: - AGN in yellow is where we

- AGN in yellow is where we come from

- SECHE in magenta is where we are heading to

- VELIN in green is the next waypoint of our flight plan.

PROG and FPL buttons are the only ones of the FMS that we will use during cruising. Do not hesitate to press them every time you want to know where we are. It is a good thing to leave the FMS window open while cruising so as not to miss our TOD.

System check

Let’s take advantage of this time to review the different systems of our aircraft. We will monitor all this using the PFD and MFD.

EHSI full / arc ModeWe will monitor all this using the PFD and MFD . è Press EHSI full /arc

è Press EHSI full /arc mode button of the DCP to change the display of the EHSI on the PFD. The next

button to its right (Ground speed / time to go) enables to toggle display between ground speed (GSPD) and the estimated time (ET) needed to reach our next waypoint.

the estimated time ( ET ) needed to reach our next waypoint. MFD System menu B1
the estimated time ( ET ) needed to reach our next waypoint. MFD System menu B1
the estimated time ( ET ) needed to reach our next waypoint. MFD System menu B1

MFD System menuthe estimated time ( ET ) needed to reach our next waypoint. B1 B2 B3 B4

B1 B2 B3 B4 B5 B6
B1
B2
B3
B4
B5
B6

è Press

– SYS to check the different systems of the aircraft. to check the different systems of the aircraft.

þ T/O page is default (takeoff). We know it is Takeoff page that is currently displayed because the T/O indication is white framed. On this page, we can check that all doors are secure.

è Press B3 temperature.
è Press
B3
temperature.

- ECS/AI to access information about oxygen and

è Press

the remaining fuel.

- FUEL to check the fuel level. TOTAL in kilos gives us to check the fuel level. TOTAL in kilos gives us

fuel. - FUEL to check the fuel level. TOTAL in kilos gives us 4 2 /
fuel. - FUEL to check the fuel level. TOTAL in kilos gives us 4 2 /
fuel. - FUEL to check the fuel level. TOTAL in kilos gives us 4 2 /
!
!

WATCH OUT FOR THE FUEL BUTTON

Do not press again

refuel the tanks to 100%. This is obviously not very realistic and is not something we want.

again would

B4
B4

– FUEL while on the fuel page. Pressing

B4
B4

è Press

B5
B5

- HYD to check the hydraulic systems.

è Press B5 - HYD to check the hydraulic systems.

è Finally press

B6
B6

- ELEC to get to the electric systems page.

è Finally press B6 - ELEC to get to the electric systems page.
B1
B1

è RTN to get back to the initial page of the MFD.

Press

B2
B2

è MFD

Press

B2
B2

è SPDS to see the Speed page then

Press

B3 – JSTK to move from waypoint to waypoint on the
B3
B3

– JSTK to move from waypoint to waypoint on the

flight plan map (see page 26).

– DATA are used to filter the level of information

displayed on the map. In this example, every information available is displayed: we can see information about our flight plan (DATA) in magenta, surrounding airports (APT) in blue and navigation aids (NAV) in green.

- NAV APT and and

B5
B5

– MAINT is inop. is inop.

aids ( NAV ) in green. - NAV APT and B5 – MAINT is inop. þ

þ

aids ( NAV ) in green. - NAV APT and B5 – MAINT is inop. þ

43 / 67

ERJ 145 tutorial v. 1 - 03/06/2005

è Press B1 - RTN þ – CKLST and B3 B5 – WX are inop.
è Press
B1
- RTN
þ – CKLST and
B3
B5
– WX are inop.
è – TCAS to display the surrounding traffic.
Press
B4
è – TCAS to display the surrounding traffic. Press B4 B6 è - PLAN to display
B6
B6

è - PLAN to display our flight plan oriented to the north. Press

Press

flight plan display.

B6
B6
oriented to the north. Press Press flight plan display. B6 again to get back to the

again to get back to the initial

Descent

þ On the FMS, press PROG then NEXT to move to page 2. Top Of Descent (TOD) will start in 22nm or 3

minutes : we’d better hurry!

) will start in 22nm or 3 minutes : we’d better hurry! þ Click on FPL

þ Click on FPL button of the FMS and make a note of the various altitudes to reach as we will progress on

our flight plan:

Waypoint

Altitude to

Distance

reach

TERPO

36,000

 

KORER

26,800

59

nm

ARE

8,100

16

nm

ARE16

3,000

6 nm

BODIL

2,000

 

è Turn the ASEL knob of the FGC to select 26,800 feet. Check the ASEL value in blue on the PFD :

26,800 feet . Check the ASEL value in blue on the PFD : è Let's also

è Let's also modify the Decision Height altitude for landing which in Brest is 520 feet. Turn the knob as

illustrated below to set 520.

is 520 feet. Turn the knob as illustrated below to set 520. 4 5 / 6
is 520 feet. Turn the knob as illustrated below to set 520. 4 5 / 6

è Let's setup our reference speed for landing right now. Remember that our FMS had forecast a landing

weight of around 18 tons at the beginning of the flight.

LANDING SPEED TABLE – FLAPS 45°

Weights

VFS

Vref45

Vga9

Target

(kilos)

21744

175

136

166

140+

21291

174

135

164

140+

20838

172

134

162

140+

20385

170

132

161

140+

19932

169

131

160

140+

19479

167

130

158

140

19026

165

128

156

138

18573

163

127

154

137

18120

161

126

153

136

17667

159

124

151

134

17214

157

123

149

133

16761

155

121

147

131

16308

154

120

145

130

15855

151

118

143

128

15402

14*

117

142

127

14949

147

115

140

125

14496

145

114

137

124

14043

143

114

135

124

13590

140

114

133

124

13137

138

114

131

124

12684

136

114

129

124

VFS

Optimal Approach Speed. To be set on V1.

Vref45

Reference Speed for landing with flaps 45°. To be set on VR.

Vga9

TO/GA security speed with flaps 9°. To be set on V2.

Target

Landing Speed Target = Vref45 + 10 knots. To be set on AP.

è On the MFD, press

B2
B2

- MFD then press

B2
B2

- SPD. Type in the reference speeds. You should get this :

- SPD . Type in the reference speeds. You should get this : See page 30

See page 30 – in case you forget how to set up speeds.

þ Watch out for the FMS indications – PROG page 2 as well the MDF so as to not overshoot the TOD!

page 2 as well the MDF so as to not overshoot the TOD ! è When

è When reaching TOD, push FLC on the FGC to start descent.

è Reduce thrust to avoid over speed.

OVERSPEED! OVERSPEED!

OVERSPEED! OVERSPEED!

þ Check the vertical speed on the PFD:

OVERSPEED! þ Check the vertical speed on the PFD : ! We have now a little
!
!

We have now a little problem: the aircraft is not descending fast enough: the little magenta triangle is far too low. Ideally it should be next to the horizontal white line facing the current altitude. We now have to increase our vertical speed.

è To solve this problem, press VS mode on the FGC and increase the vertical speed by rotating the SPD

button. In this example, the vertical speed is set to 2,600 feet / minute.

example, the vertical speed is set to 2,600 feet / minute. Beware! Increasing the vertical speed
example, the vertical speed is set to 2,600 feet / minute. Beware! Increasing the vertical speed

Beware! Increasing the vertical speed will also increase the air speed of the aircraft. Reduce thrust if required to lower speed.

While descending, we are going to input the ILS frequency for our landing in Brest.

Ž Œ •
Ž
Œ
è Œ Press to select NAV1 of the RMU

è Œ Press

to select NAV1 of the RMU RMU

•

è Tune ILS frequency to 109.9

Ž
Ž

è Press

1R
1R

of the RMU to activate the frequency.

We are now getting close to KORER. Our next waypoint is ARE where we have to achieve 8,100 feet.

waypoint is ARE where we have to achieve 8,100 feet . è Set altitude to 8,100

è Set altitude to 8,100 feet using the ASEL knob on the FGC.

Passing KORER, we carry on our descent for around 60NM.

è Reduce vertical speed using the SPD button to establish 1,800 feet/minute (VS mode on the FGC

should be selected).

We are now approaching 12,000 feet.

è Start reducing thrust to achieve 250 KTS at 10,000 feet so that Betty will not shout at us!

è Switch the seat belt signal on.

è Use the speed brakes if necessary to slow down the aircraft.

Use the speed brakes if necessary to slow down the aircraft. 4 8 / 6 7

We are now passing 10,000 feet

è Switch on the landing lights on the overhead panel.

è Do not over speed 250 KTS.

þ Look for the next waypoint to reach on the FMS which is ARE16. Turn the ASEL knob to 3,000 feet.

FMS which is ARE16. Turn the ASEL knob to 3,000 feet. è Reduce speed to 240

è Reduce speed to 240 KTS.

We are now a few miles away from ARE and we are about to start our approach.