Sei sulla pagina 1di 13

Fracture Modeling Petrel 2010

Fracture Modeling
Intro

Theorethical
Background

Modeling Fracture
Parameters

Building Fracture
Model

Import/Display

QC and use Fracture


Attribute Data

Initial Data
Analysis

Upscaling

Fracture model with


Multiple Fracture Drivers

Simulation

QC and Use Fracture Attribute Data


Overview
Use of Imported fracture attributes
Add and Edit well attributes
Derived attributes (Dip/Azimuth)

Create and use Stereonets


Display various attributes
Analyze Fracture Sets

Interactive Filters
Create
Use actively filter to assign new Fracture Sets

Visualize Fractures in 3D using filters

QC and Use Fracture Attribute Data


The use of Imported Fracture attributes
Imported attributes
Fracture attributes can be analysed and then imported into Petrel.
Use of attributes:
- Display (3D / Well Section)
- Analyze in Stereonet
- Generate new attributes

QC and Use Fracture Attribute Data


Structural Dip removal 1. Investigate
Analyze data in Stereonet
Stereonet will automatically plot
the dip and azimuth values from
the fracture points

Investigate structural Dip


Investigate fracture dips relative to a
structural surface / 3D grid. Rotate back
the dip angle and dip azimuth

QC and Use Fracture Attribute Data


Structural Dip removal 2. Generate new Dip/Azimuth Attributes
Remove structural Dip
New Fracture attributes can be generated in Petrel:
Right-click on Attributes folder,
Insert new attribute. Select
Derived attribute.

Select Dip and azimuth and


drop in the Surface or a 3D
grid

Relative
Creates new Dip angle and Dip azimuth
relative to surface or 3D Grid based on the
existing dip/azimuth

Before Rotation

QC and Use Fracture Attribute Data


Structural Dip removal 3. Display the rotated data in Stereonet
Stereonet display
Switch between original Dip/Azimuth and pre-deformation Dip/Azimuth
Before Rotation

After Rotation
Current visual space
Original Dip and azimuth (italic);
can be changed to new attributes
(regular) by a right-click option.

QC and Use Fracture Attribute Data


Fracture Sets Identify
Fracture sets must be separated out so they can
be modeled with individual parameters. These
can be seen from FMI images depending on how
they behave, their orientation and dip.

FMI Image
Dynamic
Normalization

Open Fracture
Cemented Fracture
Enhanced Fracture
Induced Fracture

FMI Image
Static
Normalization

Cross Bedding
Bedding

0 Hole Azimuth2

True Dip (deg)

Conjugate Fractures

Open Fractures
Strike stereogram

Deviation 120

GR

15

QC and Use Fracture Attribute Data


Create Fracture Sets Alt. 1: Calculator
Make new Fracture set using filter selection

Update the Fracture Set with a new set

QC and Use Fracture Attribute Data


Create Fracture Sets Alt. 2: Discrete Filter Assignment
Make new Fracture sets using Filter
assignment
1. Insert a new Discrete attribute.
2. Rename and use Fracture set as Template.

3. Right-click the new Frac set attribute and select


Create filter from the drop-down menu.
4. Draw a selection in the Stereonet using
Freehand draw.

5. Right-click the created filter folder and select


Assign a new value to the filtered points.
6. Display the Frac set Filter as attribute in the
Stereonet, and use the toggles to filter away data.

QC and Use Fracture Attribute Data


Fracture Sets Display in 3D
3D display
Using Fracture set as color

Stereonet display
Fracture set filter
selection

3D display (filter)
Fracture set filter
selection applied

QC and Use Fracture Attribute Data


Rose Diagrams as Log signatures
Rose diagrams on maps
Rose diagrams can be displayed on maps to get an idea of lateral variation of Dip or Strike
of fracture points. A well section has to be created first, then the related Well section
template should be displayed as Log signature on a map.
1. Well section template
Set up a well section template using only
Rose diagrams.

QC and Use Fracture Attribute Data


Log signatures on Maps
2. Wells > Settings
In the Log signatures tab
related to the wells folder,
chose the correct Template
and set parameters.
3. Display Map
Dispaly a Map window with
wells using log signatures.

EXERCISES
Module 4

P.132 - 148