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Unidades SI

Unidades SI

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CONVERSÃO DE UNIDADES

C O M P R I M E N T O

1 m =3.281 ft =39.37 in =6.214E–4 mi =1E6 µm =1E9 nm =1E12 pm
1 ft =0.3048 m =12 in =0.333 yd 1 mi =1609 m
1 in =2.540 cm 1 Å =1E–10 m 1 ua =1.495 98E11 m
S U P E R F Í C I E 1 m
2
=10.76 ft
2

1 ft
2
=0.0929 m
2

V O L U M E
1 m
3
=35.31 ft
3
=6.102E4 in
3
=1000 L =1E6 mL=
=264.2 USgal =220.0 UKgal
1 ft
3
=0.028 32 m
3

1 USgal =3.785 dm
3

1 UKgal =4.546 dm
3

M A S S A
1 kg =1000 g =2.205 lb 1 lb =0.4536 kg =453.6 g
1 t =1 Mg =1E3 kg 1 u =1.6605E–27 kg
MASSA VOLÚMICA
1 kg/m
3
=1E–3 g/cm
3
=62.43E–3 lb/ft
3

1 lb/ft
3
=16.02 kg/m
3

1 g/cm
3
=1000 kg/m
3
=62.43 lb/ft
3

Q U A N T I D A D E
D E M A T É R I A
1 mol =2.205E–3 lbmol 1 kmol =2.205 lbmol
1 lbmol =453.6 mol
F O R Ç A
1 N =1E5 dyn =0.2248 lb
f
=0.1020 kg
f
1 lb
f
=4.448 N
1 kg
f
=9.807 N =2.205 lb
f


P R E S S Ã O

(mmHg a 0
o
C)
1 Pa =1 N/m
2
=208.9E–4 lb
f
/ft
2
=9.869E–6 atm =1.450E–4 psi =
=1.020E–5 kg
f
/cm
2

=1 E–5 bar =7.501E–3 mmHg =0.1020 kg
f
/m
2

1 bar =1E5 Pa =0.9869 atm 1 psi =1 lb
f
/in
2
=144 lb
f
/ft
2
=6895 Pa
1 atm =1.013E5 Pa =760 mmHg =2116 lb
f
/ft
2
=14.70 psi =1.033 kg
f
/cm
2

1 lb
f
/ft
2

=47.88 Pa 1 mmHg =1 Torr =133.3 Pa

E N E R G I A


Btu e cal–Unidades Termoquímicas
Btu
*
e cal
*
– Valores da Tabela
Internacional de Vapor
1 J =1E7 erg =0.7376 ft lb
f
=0.2390 cal =9.478E–4 Btu
*
=2.778E–7 kWh
1 cal =4.184 J =3.968E–3 Btu =3.966E–3 Btu
*
=0.9993 cal
*
=3.086 ft lb
f

1 cal
*
=4.187 J =3.968E–3 Btu
*
=3.971E–3 Btu =1.001 cal
1 Btu =1054 J =0.9993 Btu
*
=252.0 cal =251.8 cal
*

1 Btu
*
=1055 J =1.001 Btu =252.0 cal
*
=252.2 cal 1 kWh =3.6E6 J
1 ft lb
f
=1.286E–3 Btu =1.356 J 1 eV =1.602E–19 J
ENERGIA ESPECÍFICA
1 J /kg = 0.4299E–3 Btu/lb =0.2390 cal/kg =0.3346 ft lb
f
/lb
1 Btu
*
/lb =2.326 kJ /kg =0.5559 kcal/kg =778.2 ft lb
f
/lb
ENERGI A MOLAR
1 J /mol =0.001 kJ /mol =0.2390 cal/mol =0.4299 Btu
*
/lbmol
1 kcal/mol =4184 J /mol =1799 Btu
*
/lbmol
1 Btu
*
/lbmol =0.5559E–3 kcal/mol =2.326 J /mol
P O T Ê N C I A
(hp – unidade UK)
1 W =0.7376 ft lb
f
/s =1.341E–3 hp =3.412 Btu
*
/h =0.8598 kcal
*
/h
1 Btu
*
/s =1055 W =778.2 ft lb
f
/s =1.415 hp 1 Btu
*
/h =0.2931 W
1 hp =550.0 ft lb
f
/s =2544 Btu
*
/h =745.7 W 1 kcal/h =1.162 W
FLUXO DE ENERGIA 1 W/m
2
=0.3170 Btu
*
/(h ft
2
) 1 Btu
*
/(h ft
2
) =3.155 W/m
2

T E M P E R A T U R A
1 K (∆T) =1
o
C =1.8
o
R =1.8
o
F t/
o
C =(5/9) (t/
o
F - 32)
T/K =t/
o
C +273.15 =(5/9) (t/
o
F +459.67) =(5/9) T/
o
R
T/
o
R =1.8 T/K =t/
o
F +459.67 =1.8 (t/
o
C +273.15) t/
o
F =1.8 t/
o
C +32
C O N D U T I V I D A D E
T É R M I C A
1 W/(m K) =0.8598 kcal
*
/(m h K) =0.5778 Btu
*
/(ft h
o
F) =4.018 lb ft/(s
3

o
F)
1 Btu
*
/(ft h
o
F) =1.731 W/(m K)
1 lb
f
/(s
o
F) =1.914E–2 cal/(s cm K) =4.626 Btu
*
/(ft h
o
) =8.007 W/(m K)
C O E F I C I E N T E
DE TRANSFERÊNCIA
D E C A L O R
1 W/(m
2
K) =0.8598 kcal
*
/(m
2
h K) =0.1761 Btu
*
/(ft
2
h
o
F)
1 kcal
*
/(m
2
h K) =1.163 W/(m
2
K) =0.2048 Btu
*
/(ft
2
h
o
F)
1 Btu
*
/(ft
2
h
o
F) =5.678 W/(m
2
K)
CAPACI. CALORÍFICA
E E N T R O P I A
E S P E C Í F I C A S
1 J /(kg K) =0.2388E–3 Btu
*
/(lb
o
R) =0.2388 cal
*
/(kg K)
1 kcal
*
/(kg K) =1Btu
*
/(lb
o
R) =4.187 kJ /(kg K)
1 cal/(g
o
C) =1 Btu/(lb
o
F) 1 cal
*
/(g K) =1Btu
*
/(lb
o
R)
Cp E E N T R O P I A
M O L A R E S
1 J /(mol K) =0.2388 Btu
*
/(lbmol
o
F)
1 cal
*
/(mol
o
C) =1 Btu
*
/(lbmol
o
F) =4.187 J /(mol K)


V I S C O S I D A D E
D I N Â M I C A
1 Pa s =1 kg/(m s) =10 P =1000 cP =2419 lb/(ft h) =0.6720 lb/(ft s)
1 P =1 g/(cm s) =0.1 Pa s =100 cP 1 lb/(ft h) =4.134E–4 Pa s
1 lb/(ft s) =1.488 Pa s
CAUDAL VOLÚMICO
1 m
3
/s =3600 m
3
/h =35.31 ft
3
/s =2119 ft
3
/min =
=264.2 USgal/s =220.0 UKgal/s
1 ft
3
/min =471.9E–6 m
3
/s =1.699 m
3
/h 1 USgal/s =3.785 dm
3
/s
C A U D A L MOL A R 1 mol/s = 60 mol/min =3600 mol/h =2.205E–3 lbmol/s =7.937 lbmol/h
F L U X O M O L A R
1 mol/(m
2
s) = 0.7373 lbmol/(ft
2
h)
1 lbmol/(ft
2
h) =1.356 mol/(m
2
s)
C A U D A L M Á S S I C O
1 kg/s =60 kg/min =1000 g/s =2.205 lb/s =7937 lb/h
1 lb/min =0.4536 kg/min =27.22 kg/h =7.560E–3 kg/s =0.016 67 lb/s
F L U X O MÁ S S I C O 1 kg/(m
2
s) =737.3 lb/(ft
2
h) 1 lb/(ft
2
h) =1.356E–3 kg/(m
2
s)
C O N C E N T R A Ç Ã O
1 mol/m
3
=1E–3 mol/dm
3
=1E–3 mol/L =1 mmol/L =62.43 E–6 lbmol/ft
3

1 lbmol/ft
3
=16.02 mol/dm
3

RESIST. ESP. (BOLO) 1 m/kg =1.488 ft/lb 1 ft/lb =0.6720 m/kg
D I F U S I V I D A D E
1 m
2
/s =1E4 cm
2
/s =3.875E4 ft
2
/h =3600 m
2
/h
1 ft
2
/h =2.581E–5 m
2
/s =0.2581 stoke
1 cm
2
/s =1 stoke =100 cstoke =1E–4 m
2
/s =3.875 ft
2
/h
V E L O C I D A D E
D E
R E A C Ç Ã O
1 mol/(m
3
s) =1E–3 mol/(dm
3
s) =60 mol/(m
3
min) =0.2247 lbmol/(ft
3
h) =
=62.43E–6 lbmol/(ft
3
s) =1E–3 kmol/(m
3
s)
1 lbmol/(ft
3
s) =16.02 kmol/(m
3
s)
1 lbmol/(ft
3
h) =4.450 mol/(m
3
s) =2.778E–4 lbmol/(ft
3
s)


D E B A S E
kg (massa – quilograma), m (comprimento – metro), s (tempo – segundo),
mol (quantidade de matéria – mole), K (temperatura – kelvin),
A (corrente eléctrica – ampere), cd (intensidade luminosa – candela).


UNIDADES
S I

D E R I V A D A S
N [=kg m/s
2
], Pa [=N/m
2
=kg/(ms
2
)], J [=N m=Pa m
3
=kg m
2
/s
2
], W [=J/s],
Hz [=1/s], C [=A s], V [=J/C =kg m
2
/(A s
3
)], Ω [=V/A =kg m
2
/(A
2
s
3
)],

(Exemplos)
F [=C/V =A
2
s
4
/(kg m
2
)] – farad, S [=1/Ω] – siemens, T [=V s/m
2
] – tesla.
Submúltiplos→ d (deci), c (centi), m (mili), µ (micro), n (nano), p (pico), f (fento), a (ato), z (zepto), y (iocto).
Mú l t i p l o s → da (deca), h (hecto), k (quilo), M (mega), G (giga), T (tera), P (peta), E (exa), Z (zeta), Y (iota).

R = 8.3145 Pa m
3
/(mol K) = 8.3145 J /(mol K) =
=0.082 057 L atm/(mol K) =8314.5 J /(kmol K) =
=1.9872 cal/(mol K) =0.730 24 ft
3
atm/(lbmol
o
R) =
=1545.3 ft lb
f
/(lbmol
o
R) =10.732 psi ft
3
/(lbmol
o
R) =
=1.3144 ft
3
atm/(lbmol K) =82.057 cm
3
atm/(mol K) =
=0.082 057 m
3
atm/(kmol K) =1.9872 Btu/(lbmol
o
R)
ESFERA : V =4 π r
3
/ 3 =π d
3
/ 6
S =4 π r
2
=π d
2


CÍRCULO : A =π r
2
=π d
2
/4 =0.25 π d
2


CIRCUNFERÊNCIA : L =2 π r =π d
NA =6.022 14E23/mol =6.022 14E26/kmol (Avogadro)
g =9.806 65 m/s
2
=32.17 ft/s
2

(aceleração da gravidade)
h =6.626 076E–34 J s (Planck)
εo =8.854E–12 F/m (permitividade do vazio)
1 / ( 4 π εo ) = 8.988E9 m/F
F =96 485.3 C/mol =96 485.3E3 C/kmol (Faraday)
k =1.3807E–23 J /K (Boltzmann)
c =2.997 92E8 m/s (velocidade da luz no vazio)
µo =4π1E–7 H/m =12.566E–7 H/m (permeabilidade)
V
m
=22.414 dm
3
/mol (volume molar ideal PTN)

Método de Simpson:

a
b
f(x) dx =(h / 3) [fo +4 (f1+f3 +f5 +...) +2 (f2 +f4 +...) +fm] m =(b - a) / h é par
Método dos Trapézios:

a
b
f(x) dx = ( h / 2 ) [ fo +2 ( f1+f2 +f3 +f4 +... ) +fm ] (m pode ser par ou ímpar)

v5.2 eng. jmp um, deb. outubro, 2005

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