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# PRECALCULUS

## FINAL REVIEW PACKET

NAME_________________________________________________
PRECALCULUS FINAL EXAM REVIEW PACKET

Period:________

PART I: Fill in the blanks using the words, expressions or numbers in the box. Answers do not repeat.
/2
sec (/3)
even

f(x) = csc x
(, )
[ 1, 1]
Vertical asymptote
f(x) = |x + 2| 1
odd

increasing
log(x + y)
f(x) = |x 1| + 2
inverse

0, 5
1
(2, 5)
y-intercept

2
exponential
[ 1 , 5]
amplitude
log23 = 8
domain
2x3
decreasing
period
0

(5, 2)
cos1(/3)
Horizontal asymptote
f(x) = sin1(x)
2/3
(0, )
(2, )
log28 = 3
range
log (xy)

## 1) The period of f(x) = tan x is _________.

2) The domain of f(x) = log (x + 2) is ________________.
3) The graph of f(x) = |x 5| is ____________________ in the interval (, 5).
4) The ____________________of () = 3 is [3, ).
5) The inverse function of f(x) = sin x is ______________________.
6) After a vertical translation of 1 unit down and a horizontal translation of 2 units left, the function
f(x) = |x| will have the equation __________________________.
7) Regarding symmetry, the function f(x) = x4 is _______________.
8) The ____________________ of f(x) = 4cos (3x) is 4.
9) () =

5
+4

has a ___________________________at x = 4.

## 10) The x-intercepts of the graph of f(x) = x2 5x are _____________________.

11) The period of the curve given by y = 2sin(3x 1) is equal to ________.

PRECALCULUS

## 12) The range of f(x) = ln x is _____________________.

13) The ____________________ of f(x) = 4cos (2x) is .
14) The maximum value of f(x) = (x + 7)2 is ______________.
15) The graph of f(x) = 3x is ___________________________ in all its domain.
16) The function f(x) = x2 is called _____________________ and the function f(x) = 2x is called
_______________________.
17) The range of f(x) = 2sin x + 3 is _________________.
18) f(x) = x3 x is an example of an ________________ function because f(x) = f(x).
19) The __________________ function of f(x) = 3x is g(x) = log3 (x).
20) The range of f(x) = ex is ____________________.
21) Given that cos(/3) = 1/2, the value of __________________ is 2.
22) For x, y > 0: log x + log y = ______________________________________.
23) The range of f(x) = cos(4x) is ___________________________.
24) The vertex of the graph of f(x) = (x 2)2 + 5 is _____________.
25) The ________________________ of the graph of f(x) = (0.5)x is 1.
26) The logarithmic form of the expression 23 = 8 is _________________________.
27) The _________________ of f (x) = x2 4 is [4, ).
28) The reciprocal function of f(x) = sin x is _________________________.
29) The function f(x) = 5x + 3 has a __________________________ at y = 3.
1

0

PRECALCULUS

## FINAL REVIEW PACKET

PART II Answer all questions on separate paper SHOWING ALL YOUR WORK (graphs can be sketched on
the XY-planes provided in the questions that require graphing).
Graph the following functions and identify the following key features:
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

## State the parent function.

Describe the transformation of the new function from its parent function.
State domain and range.
Write the intervals in which the graph is increasing/decreasing.
Find the x- and y-intercepts.

1. () = + 3 2

2.

f ( x) x 2 3

Write the equation of the new function after it has been transformed, given f ( x) x
3. Reflected about the x-axis and shifted down three units.
4. Shifted up 5 units and to the right 7.

5.

() = 2

() = 2 3

6.

() = 2

() = ( 7)2 5

PRECALCULUS

7.

() = {

+ 1
4

if < 0
if 0

8. () = {

||
2 + 3

if 3
if > 3

## Evaluate the function for the given values.

9. () = {

||
2 + 3

2
if 0
10. () = {
2 7 if > 0

if 3
if > 3

a. f(2)

c. g(4)

b. f(3)

d. g(0)

Using the horizontal line test, are the following functions one-to-one?
11. y = x2

12. y = x2 +7

14. (f + g)(x)

15. (f g)(x)
17. ( )()

13. y = 2x +5

PRECALCULUS

## Find the inverse.

2
19. ()= 3

18. () = 5 2

20. Verify that the following functions are inverses using compositions.
1
()=
3

() = 3 2 + 1, 0

a. lim + =
b. lim =
2

c. lim+ =
1

d. lim =
1

## Solve the following quadratic equations by any methods you choose

22. (3 + 5)( 3) = 0

23. 2 + 5 = 0

24. 2 + 8 + 16 = 0

25. 2 + 3 28 = 0

26. 3 2 + 2 133 = 0

27. 13 + 2 = 12

## 28. For the function in standard form: f(x) = x2 + 10x + 14

a) What are the coordinates of the vertex of the parabola?

PRECALCULUS

## FINAL REVIEW PACKET

29. An object is projected vertically upward. Its distance D in feet above the ground after t seconds is
given by
D(t)= 16t2 + 144t + 100
a) What are the coordinates of the vertex of the parabola?

## b) Is the vertex a minimum or maximum? Explain.

30. The half-life of Po-218 is three minutes. How much of a 2-gram sample remains after 15 minutes?
Suppose you wanted to buy some of this isotope, and it required half an hour for it to reach you. How
much should you order if you need to use 0.1 gram of this material? Write an equation and solve.

31.

log5 25 = 2

32.

log8 2 = 1/3

34.

8-1 = 1/8

33.

53 = 125

a) log6 36

b) log9 81

d) log 10

e) ln ()

c) log3 (1/27)

f) e ln 7

Solve for x:
36. 5x+4 = 52x5

38.

log 5 ( 10) = 2

39.

log 3 35 =

PRECALCULUS

## FINAL REVIEW PACKET

2

40. = 34

41. 3(2 ) = 42

42. 2(325 ) 4 = 11

43. 2 3 + 2 = 0

## 44. log4 x + log4 (x + 6) = log4 (x2 + 4)

45. A bacterial culture starts with 500 bacteria and doubles in size every hour.
a) How many bacteria are there after 3 hours?
b) Write a function B(t) to represent the number of bacteria after t hours.
c) Estimate when the population reaches 100,000 bacteria.

46. On a college campus of 5000 students, one student comes back from vacation with a contagious flu
virus. The spread of the virus is modeled by:
=

5000
1 + 4999 0.8

0,

## where y is the total number of students infected after t days.

a) How many students are infected after 5 days?
b) If the colleges policy is to cancel classes if 40% or more of the students are infected, after how

## many days will the college cancel classes?

47. Find the value of each trigonometric ratio in the following triangle:

Sin C =
Cos C =
Tan C =

Csc C =
Sec C =
Cot C =

PRECALCULUS

## Find the missing side. Round to the nearest tenth.

48.

49.

Convert each degree measure into radians and each radian measure into degrees.
50. 190

51. 225

52.

7
8

53.

54.

32

55.

3
5

56.

45

57.

135

58.

## Use multiple-angle formulas

Find the exact values of sin 2u and cos 2u.
5

4 3
61. sin u = 7, 0 < u < 2
62. cos u = 5, 2 < u < 2

63. Evaluate the sine, cosine, and tangent of the angle without using a calculator.
7
7
a) 60
)
)
c)
2
6
4

3
4

PRECALCULUS

## 64. Find the period and amplitude.

3

a) = 5 cos
b) = sin
2
2

c) = 3.4 sin(2)

d) = 4 cos (

)
2

65. Write the equation of a sine curve with amplitude of 3, a period of 2, a horizontal shift of /2 to the
right, and a vertical shift upward of 1 unit.

66. An airplane flies at an altitude of 8 miles toward a point directly over an observer, as shown in the
picture below. Find the angle of elevation if x = 12.5 miles.

67. A company that produces snowboards which are seasonal products, forecasts monthly sales for
one year to be

## = 74.50 + 43.75 cos (6 )

where S is the sales in thousands of units, and t is the time in months, with t = 1 corresponding to
January.
a) Find the number of snowboards sold in March.
b) Determine the months of maximum and minimum sales (Hint: graph the function).
Evaluate the following without a calculator. Be sure your answer is in the correct range.
68)

sin (150)

69)

arcsin(

3
)
2

70) tan-1(

3
)
3

PRECALCULUS

## FINAL REVIEW PACKET

10

71. A student looks out of a second-story school window and sees the top of the school flagpole at an
angle of elevation of 22. The student is 18 ft above the ground and 50 ft from the flagpole. Find the
height of the flagpole.

73. If sin x =

12
13

74.

2 sin x 1 = 0

75.

tan x + 1 = 0

## Verify the identity. Show all work.

79.

81.

(1 cos2x)(tan2x + 1) = tan2x

sin4 cos 4
=1
sin2 cos 2

80.

82.

1
1
+ tan =
tan
sin cos

PRECALCULUS

## FINAL REVIEW PACKET

11

Find the exact values of sine and cosine of the angle, using a Sum or Difference formula.
83. 285

84. 345

85. /12

Use the Law of Sines to solve the triangle. If two solutions exist, find both.
86. A = 32, B = 50, a = 16

## Use the Law of Cosines to solve the triangle

90.

.
91.

92. The initial point of a vector is (8, 3) and the terminal point is (1, 5). Write the component form of
the vector and find its magnitude.

PRECALCULUS

## FINAL REVIEW PACKET

12

93. A ship leaves port with a heading of N 35 E and travels 9 miles. The ship then turns due east and
travels 2.4 miles. How far is the ship from the port and what is its bearing?

## Write the expression as the sine or cosine of an angle.

94. sin 130cos50 + cos 130sin50
95. cos45cos120 - sin45sin120

Find the exact value of the trigonometric function given that sin u = and cos v = if cos u>0
and sin v<0.
96. sin(u+v)
97. sin (u-v)
98. cos (u+v)
99. cos (u-v)

## 101. sin ( x) = sin x

102. A plane leaves the airport with a heading of 20 traveling at 500 mph. The wind is blowing with a
bearing of 120 at a speed of 35 mph. What is the actual velocity and heading of the plane?