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Conference:XIIIBrazilModelUnitedNations

COMMITTEE:CounterTerrorism
QUESTIONOF:DefiningInternationalTerrorism
MainSubmittedby:TheUnitedStatesofAmerica
CoSubmittedby:

TheCounterTerrorismCommittee,

Welcoming
all the states present in this session of the Counter Terrorism Committee, which
servesthepurposeofdiscussingthematterofdefininginternationalterrorism,

Regarding
the issue of terrorism to be one of the most crucial troubles faced by the
internationalc
ommunitytoday,

R
ecognizing
that this concern is just as important to a numberoffellowUNmembersasitis
tothedelegationoftheUnitedStatesofAmerica,

Alarmed by
the recurring occurrence of terrorist threats throughout the globe and concerned
forthewellbeingandsafetyofthestatesattacked,

Further deploring
the Charlie Hebdo incident, which took place in January 7th, 2015, in
Paris,France,

Recalling
past terrorist attacks, specifically the ones which took place on September 11,
2001,whichtookplaceinNewYorkCity,USA,

Bearing in mind the lives the lives lost in terrorist attacks such as the ones listed in the
previousclauses,

Having examined the Security Councils Resolution


1566
(2004), whi
ch took important
measuresinaddressingsimilarissuestotheonestackledbythiscommittee,

Noting
that the distinction between regular criminaloffensesandterroristacts mustbemade,
and that ones motives, whether political, ideological, or religious, are part of what define a
terroristactassuch,

Viewing with appreciation the past efforts made by the international community in order to
establishaninternationaldefinitionfortheconceptofterrorism,

1. Deeply deplores
, in the strongest terms, all acts of terrorism irrespective of their
motivation, whenever and by whomsoever committed, as one of the most serious
threatstopeaceandsecurity

2. Takes note
that a viable universal definition of terrorism must take into account the
overarchingelementsthatmakeupexistinginterpretations

3. Declares
that a terroristactconsistsofanyaction,including,butnotlimitedtotheuse
offorceorviolence,
a. Committedby,
i.
Any person or persons acting on behalf of or in connection with any
organization,
ii.
AnyState,
1. Outsideofthecontextofadeclaredwar,
a. Exception shall be made to a state that takes action
toward a person or organization to which evidence
strongly indicates its affiliation with any person or
organization determined as terrorist and/or having
committedsuchviolentactsthemselves,
2. Directly targeting any civilians or noncombatants within the
contextofadeclaredwar,
b. Creating:
i.
Seriousviolenceagainstanyciviliansornoncombatants,
ii.
Seriousdamagetoproperty,
iii.
S
eriousrisktothehealthorsafetyofthepublic,
c. Undertaken to intimidate a government or civilian populace with the purpose
ofadvancingacauseofoneofthefollowingorsimilarnatures:
i.
Political,
ii.
Religious,
iii.
Ideological,
iv.
Ethnic,
v. Racial

4. Further declares that any individual or organization that commits an act of terrorism,
as defined by clause 3, should automatically be recognized as a terrorist or terrorist
organization

5. Calls upon the CounterTerrorism Committee to reconvene in the set time of five(5)
years subsequent to the passing of this resolution with the intent of reevaluating and
enhancing,ifneedbe,thedefinitionhereinestablished

6. Reiterates its call


upon States to cooperate fully in the fight against terrorism,
especially with those States where or against whose citizens terrorist acts are
committed,inaccordancewiththeirobligationsunderinternationallaw,inorderto:
a. Find, deny safe haven, and bring to justice, on the basis of the principle to
extradite or prosecute, any person who, supports, facilitates, participates or
attempts to participate in the financing, planning, preparation or commission
ofterroristactsorprovidessafehavens

i.

Notes that any State that refuses to comply with such measures is
cooperating with terrorist activity, and should thus be recognized as a
supporterofsuchinternationallyrecognizedterroristorganizations

7. Declares that for a terrorist organization to be fullyrecognizedbytheUnitedNations


assuch,throughthedefinitionhereinestablished,itshall:
a. (1)Beappointedasapossibleterroristorganizationby:
i.
TheSecretaryGeneral,or
ii.
OneofthemembersoftheCounterTerrorismCommittee,
b. (2) Be thoroughly evaluated by the members of the CounterTerrorism
Committee on one of its sessions as to whether such organization meets the
criteria established in clause 3, and if so,beappointedtotheSecurityCouncil
forofficialrecognitionassuch,
c. (3) Be thoroughly evulated by the members of SecurityCouncilastowhether
such criteria have been fully met, and, if so, officially recognize such
organizationasaterroristentity,whichwouldthen,
i.
Allow for the establishmentof moreeffectivecounterterroristpolicies
toward such organization in all
the United Nations and relevant
specialized agencies, organizations, and bodies, as well as any other
internationalandintergovernmentalorganizations
,
ii.
ObligetheSecurityCouncilto:
1. Take executive measures that would directly counter the
activityofsuchorganization,
2. Appoint any and all leaders of such organization to the
International Criminal Court for their participation in the
commissionofterroristacts

8. Calls upon the Security Council to impose economic sanctions on Statesthatsupport


by any means, directly or indirectly, any internationally recognized terrorist
organization or any individuals or other organizations that finance, plan, sponsor,
support,orcommitterroristacts

9. Urges allStatestopromoteandtakethe necessarystepsforthefullimplementation of


this resolution, in accordance with their responsibilities under the Charter of the
UnitedNations

10. Decides
toremainactivelyseizedofthematter.