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Youth Gangs and Violence

1. The topic of this article is about Youth Gangs and Youth Violence. This
article helps distinguish the variables if they are gang related or not. Such as
Violence, Education, Drugs and Location.
It helps determine the reason for joining groups, if they differ
depending on the nature of the group and if the significant number of fights
are actually gang related.
2. The research question is, "What is the relationship between youth gangs
and youth violence?" Considering surrounding problems. Such as activities,
locations, membership, experience and conflict. The study is trying to figure
out the differences between a gang member and non member.
3. The research design used Methodology. They created a questionnaire
aimed to gather data about what kind of youth groups in the area use drugs
and alcohol. Also to see social behaviors, if they have experienced violence,
racism, and why do they join groups or gangs.
There are two perspectives. Indirect perspective experience the
violence and Direct perspective are those who engage in violent acts. The
questionnaire had two questions. Do you consider your group of friends to be
a gang? Are you a member of a gang? This will help distinguish gang
members and non members, which is the Funneling Technique. They sent
this questionnaire out to 7 high schools to students in grades 10-12. 743
surveys were returned.
4. Many things were found. Focusing on Conflict and Violence. They found
everyone fights, but they fight for different reasons. 56% have fought against
only 1 person. 44% fought against many. 7 out of 10 witnessed a fight
recently. Gang members and non members are similar and different. They
both have been in a fight but they fight for a certain reason.
5. What was discovered is Gang members reported to being involved in big
groups. More than half had more than 15 members in their group. Large
groups had older members. Gang members are anti social and engage in
criminal acts. Where they are located are usually in parks, cities and street
based. The reason for their membership is for protection, status, and illegal
activities. They are most likely male. They have experienced violence and

conflicts. They use drugs on a daily basis. Their experience in school is that
they were isolated and high on truancy.
For non gang members, their groups were medium. Peers were based
on their age. They are social and do recreational activities. They are usually
located in their own homes or homes of others, malls and beaches. Their
reason for being in a group would be for friendship and belonging. Both male
and female are involved. Have experienced violence could of been victim or
perpetrator. They use only soft drugs. Their experience in school was good,
they do well and enjoy school.
6. My opinion on the article was that it was very interesting. I was very
interested in the Funneling Technique that was used to separate the gang
members from the non members. Before reading this article I thought that
Gang members would try to join gangs to feel belonging, but after reading it.
Gang members are looking for status and protection. I thought that Gang
members would be all about fighting and conflict but even non members
deal with a lot of fighting. It just is the reason for the fight. Gang members
would fight over turf or color. Everyone, gang member or not has
experienced violence and racism.
What I would do differently is ask other questions. More likely students
wouldn't want to state that they are a gang member even if the
questionnaire was anonymous. Or even just watch the students for a couple
months to see what kind of person a gang member is compared to a non
member.

7. This is the link to the article.


http://s3.amazonaws.com/academia.edu.documents/30352710/Youth_Gangs_
and_Youth_Violence_Charting_the_Key_Dimensions.pdf?
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e=obrmJUxcWgL%2FPhTLPT0sxyvxAQI%3D&response-contentdisposition=inline