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RESEARCH PAPER TEMPLATE

North American University Education Department M.Ed. in EDLE & CUIN EDUC 5324: INTEGRATING TECHNOLOGY INTO EDUCATION

Name: NAZIFE AKTAS

Date: 9/22/2015

Topic Selected:

What are the Educational uses of Facebook or other social media?(e.g. twitter) (K-12 or higher education)

1. LITERATURE REVIEW:

What does the literature/research say about this issue/topic? By using NAU Library or Online Search engines, conduct a literature review.

You need to include 5 different sources (book, journal article, web article etc.) in your review. Try to use current sources as much as possible.

You need to summarize and synthesize your sources by discussing a common theme or issue.

You don't need to critique your sources

You don't need to evaluate your sources (if the sources are trustworthy, weather the author has a bias or not)

You need to provide background information such as history and definitions

Brief Literature Review:

In the past few decades, the online communication has changed dramatically. With the invention of social media people can communicate with others, share ideas, information, pictures and videos at a very high rate. Since technology became a vital part of our life, every day, vast amount of people including both students and educators are spending many hours in social media. Facebook and YouTube are the most popular one among students; however, educators/adults are using Twitter, Linkedn and The Educator’s PLN as well. This review of existing literature will focus on educational uses of social media as a professional development and a communication tool. According to Killion (2011), if teachers expect to implement 21st-century learning in classrooms to prepare students to succeed in today’s globally connected and emergent world, teachers must develop their own expertise with new learning technologies. Twitter and Educator; PLN (Personal Learning Network) became an effective tool of professional development by supporting the idea of connection, collaboration and reflection. Social networking such as Twitter, Pinterest provide educators a new format of professional development. With these social networks, educators can share information, exchange conversations and connect with the fields professional anywhere and anytime.

For example, The Educator’s PLN, the social network that was created for educators that now connects nearly 12,000 professionals and hosts approximately 700 educational videos, more than 100 groups, and more than 800 blogs. By nature, social media is a place to make connections and interact with others. Its core strength is predicated on the fact that connections and interactions are easier than previously imagined. Many teachers have taken to Twitter to form communities that share resources, discuss strategies, and highlight best practices. Two great examples are #inquirychat for inquiry-based learning and #isedchat for independent school faculty and staff. These chats serve as hubs for like-minded professionals not only to share ideas, but also to make connections with other educators across the globe. The level of engagement varies from deep discussions on pedagogical theory to passive consumption of shared resources. The varying degrees of interactivity reflect individuals engaging in different ways, often based on personal learning styles: some are connectors, some are thinkers, some are doers, some are cultivators, and more. The richness of this community stems from its diversity and the ease in which these strengths can be utilized.(Ames, 2015)

The other way to use social media in educational field is to create a communication between both students and parents. In his article Rocco (2013) explains that the first and most important reason to integrate social media into the educational world is to improve communication with your stakeholders. Social Media apps and resources have provided educators a plethora of options when communicating with their stakeholders. The vast majority of them are free. Our schools and school districts have many events and activities that can be communicated to the community that make Social Media communication valuable.

According to Baskwill (2013) today’s teachers are increasingly turning to a variety of digital technologies to make communication with parents easier and more current. Social- media tools, such as Facebook and Twitter, are helping teachers keep parents and other community members informed. Teachers are encouraged to go where the parents are; more parents are apt to be on Facebook or Twitter every day, whereas they might check the class webpage only once in a while or when reminded. In her book named “Attention Grabbing Skills for Involving Parents in their Children’s Learning”, Baskwill also mentions that Facebook allows you to share class news and information with the parents of your students. You can create a private parents’ group for your class and share information only with the parents of your students. Types of information you might share: details of upcoming field trips, school closings (scheduled or unforeseen), special events or parties, pictures of student projects, students’ published writing, etc. Facebook has a feature that allows you to post updates that parents will see immediately when they log onto their page. You can post information that pertains to homeworkfor example, “Don’t forget that the Science Fair project is due on Wednesday”—to clarify a new policy, or to detail directions for an assignment. Parents can also send you a private message to ask questions about homework or to ask for a meeting. Parents who might be uncomfortable asking questions in person might feel more at home when using this medium.

Social networking is a dicey tool that while allowing teacher to increase the level of communication using a recognizable social media format, possesses inherently a high risk of distraction. As a means for disseminating information and exhibiting and sharing the skills and talents of the students (through weblogs, for example), social networking can

undoubtedly support the teacher-parent-student partnership. (Ramasubbu,2015)

2.

REFLECTION:

What is your personal opinion on this issue? Do you agree with the research? If you agree or disagree, please explain why?

Provide examples/experiences regarding this issue from school perspective or If you are not working in a school, from your profession. Be specific with your examples. You can mention software/hardware names, specific methods that you plan to use, etc.

How would you implement this research in your career? (At least 1 paragraph)

Reflection:

I was interested with this topic from two different perspectives; one as a parent and the other as an educator. It is obvious that learning is a process that occurs through connections and conversation. However, it should not be limited around four walls or during a designated time. Therefore, social media became popular among most people since it offers a limitless opportunity to connect with many different people and engage in ideas and information from around the world. As a parent of three students, I receive a lot of information through social platforms, such as twitter and Facebook from my kids’ school. Therefore, I don’t stay behind in terms of what is going on at their school. Even though I don’t like my kids spending a lot of time on social media, I definitely like to use these tools for educational purposes. Educators, including me are implementing technologies and social media to increase student’s success and interest in school settings. We are also using social media tools, such as Twitter and Facebook, to communicate with parents and the community since it allows us to share class news, important dates, events, and pictures with ease. We also use these effective tools for professional development purposes. Social media allows us to have continues conversations about our experiences, ideas and maybe difficulties that we face. For me, during my first year of college counselling, social media has connected me to many professionals, ideas, conversations, and resources. It changed my mind about the way of learning and teaching. It should happen whenever and wherever we need it. If we use social network in a positive way, it can be an extraordinary educational tool. Thanks to social media for making learning/teaching possible anywhere and anytime….

3.

REFERENCES:

Cite at least 5 References in APA.

You may use http://www.citationmachine.net/apa/cite-a-journal for citing your sources in APA style.

References:

Ames, L. (2015, August 10). What Can Social Media Teach Us About Professional Development? - edSocialMedia. Retrieved September 22, 2015.

Baskwill, J. (2013). Attention grabbing tools for involving parents in their children's learning (p. 112). Pembroke.

Killion, J. (2011). The changing face of professional development. Edge: The Latest Information for the Education Practitioner, 6(5), 3-19.

Ramasubbu, S. (2015, January 15). Using Technology to Enable Parent Teacher Communication. Retrieved September 21, 2015

Rocco, S. (2013, January 27). 5 Reasons for Social Media Communication In Education - edSocialMedia. Retrieved September 22, 2015.