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1) Para expresar finalidad de una accin

(=in order to, so as to, so that)
I study hard to pass my exams.
2) Preposicin
I go to school from 8:25 to 2:35
Im used to study in the afternoon.

3) To + infinitive
I want to break free. (Queens song)
Its easy to do.
To speak English is very useful.
4. Ir a en espaol
5. Imperativo

1) Para expresar finalidad de una accin

(=in order to, so as to, so that):
* I study hard to pass the Bachillerato and be
able to go to university.
*The tongue is a muscle in the mouth (that is)
used to talk and taste.
(= The tongue is a muscle for talking and
tasting.) (Ms comn para definir uso de

2) Preposicin
De tiempo (= hasta)
We have classes from 8:25 to / until / till 2:35
De direccin: Con un verbo de movimiento +
to / into (=a / hacia). To go, walk, run into =
entrar, entrar caminando, entrar corriendo).
I go to school by foot. (Voy al colegio a pi.)
We went into the classroom a little late. (Entramos
en el aula un poco tarde.)
The dog ran into the room. El perro entr corriendo
en la habitacin.

CD + to CI (= a + CI)
He gave a kiss to Mary (to her) on her cheek.
(Le di un beso a Mary en la mejilla.)
Remember: Not to use to if the CI goes right
after the verb:
He gave Mary a kiss.
I helped my friend with his/her homework.
He told me that he would be late. = Me dijo
que vendra tarde.
Excepcin: He said to me that he would be
late. = Me dijo que vendra tarde.

To+ v-ing
Despus de ciertos verbos y expresiones
I am looking forward to hearing from you.
I never get used to getting up so early.
Im not used to studying in the evening.

3) To + infinitive
Despus de ciertos verbos

I want to be free. (I want to break free. Queens song)

They prefer to go home.

You ought to go to the doctor.
If I pass Bachillerato, Ill be able to register in college.
Dogs are not allowed to swim in the swimming pool.
I have to tidy my room. / We dont have to turn in the
I used to celebrate Thanksgiving when I lived in the
States. / My dad used to play marbles as a child.
I would like to have some rest; Im very tired.
I love to lay in the sun. (Tb. I love playing in the


Con la expression: It is (was/were) + adj +

(for + nombre / pronombre objeto) + to +
It is difficult (for me) to write in English.
It was exciting (for Tom) to travel to a foreign
It is better to stay than to leave. (Es major
quedarse que marcharse.)

Sujeto de una oracin

To speak English is very useful nowadays.
(= Speaking English is very useful ) (ms
Sometimes, a slight difference in meaningexists. The
infinitive may suggest a future, predicted or imagined
activity while a gerund suggests an ongoing, existing,
habitual activity.

Es comn en citas (quotes)

To tryandfailisbetterthanto havenevertriedatall

4. Ir a en espaol
Cuando queremos decir ir a hacer algo, en
ingls se unen las dos actividades con and:
I need to go and buy some clothing. (Necesito ir
a comprar ropa.)
Im going to the library and study. (Voy a ir a la
biblioteca a estudiar.)
Ir a hacer una actividad deportiva.
I usually go running in the evening. Usualmente
voy a correr por las tardes.
5. Imperativo indirecto
My mom wants me to go back home early.
My mom wants me not to go back home late.