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Biology Cornell Notes: Active Transport & HomeostasisDATE:

 

STUDY QUESTIONS:

NOTES:

What is Active Transport?

Active Transport

 

(DOK1)

 

Molecules move across the membrane their

 

How does a cell move substances against its concentration gradient?

(Low to High)

is required.

 

2 Types:

 

(DOK2)

1. Protein Pumps

2. Bulk Transport

Compare and contrast protein pumps and bulk transport. (DOK3)

Protein Pumps

Transport small molecules and ions AGAINST their concentration

 

gradients (

)

using

Bulk Transport

 

Larger molecules (proteins, starch) are transported by

 
 

Endocytosis: vesicles move substances

Exocytosis: vesicles move substances

Special Types of Endocytosis:

 

Phagocytosis:

Pinocytosis:

 

Homeostasis

Homeo=

 

Stasis=

The process by which an

 
 

is kept in

 

,

or stable, in spite of changes in the

external environment.

 

Examples:

 

Internal Temperature (sweating removes excess body heat)

Water Balance (kidneys adjust water amount in urine)

A physical response to stress (breathing & heart rate increases, pupils dialate, sweating)

SUMMARY: