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Assignment 2 (To be submitted; on A4 size sheets)

1. Given a small source of spherical waves in air, at a radial distance of 10 cm compute the

difference in the phase angle between pressure and particle velocity for 10 Hz, 100 Hz, 1 kHz and 10 kHz. Compute the magnitude of the specific acoustic impedance for each frequency at this location.

2. A 1 kHz plane wave in water of 50 Pa effective (rms) pressure is incident normally on the water-

air boundary. (a) What is the effective pressure of the plane wave transmitted into the air? (b) What is the intensity of incident wave in the water and of the wave transmitted into the air? (c) Express, as a decibel reduction, the ratio of the intensity of the transmitted wave in air to that of the incident wave in water.

3. Plot the pressure reflection and transmission coefficients and the intensity reflection and

transmission coefficients for normal incidence of a plane wave on a fluid-fluid boundary for 0 <

r 1 /r 2 < 10. Comment on the results for r 1 /r 2 =0, r 1 /r 2 = 1, and r 1 /r 2

4. For a 2 kHz plane wave in water impinging normally on a steel plate of 1.5 cm thickness, (a)

What is transmission loss, expressed in dB, through the steel plate into water on the opposite side? (b) What is the power reflection coefficient of this plate? (c) Repeat (a) and (b) for a 1.5 cm thick slab of sponge rubber having a density of 500 kg/m 3 and a longitudinal wave speed of 1000 m/s.

∞.

Problems for practice (Not to be submitted)

5. At some location, the pressure amplitude and particle speed of 100 Hz sound wave in air are

measured to be 2 Pa and 0.0100 m/s. Assuming that this is a spherical wave, find the distance from the source. What additional measurements could be made at this same place to determine the

direction of the source?

6. Find the specific acoustic impedance for a standing wave = sin exp().

7. A wall reflects plane waves like a normally reacting surface of normal specific impedance, =

1 + , where r 1 is the characteristic impedance of the air, and is the air density of the wall (kg/m 2 ). Derive a general equation for the power reflection coefficient as a function of incident

angle . For = 2 kg/m 2 , compute and plot the power reflection coefficient at 100 Hz as a function of .

8. (a) What must be the thickness of, and the speed of the sound in, a plastic layer having a density

of 1500 kg/m 3 if it is to transmit plane waves at 20 kHz from water into steel with no reflection?

(b) What would be the intensity reflection coefficient back into the water for normally incident waves impinging on an infinitely thick layer of this plastic?

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