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Chapter 16 Eleventh Chords Eleventh chords are created in theory by adding a perfect sievanth interval to an ex'sting ninth chord. In practice, however, there are. excoptions: Major ninth and dominant ninth chords: Secause the perfec eleventh is 2 minor nintn interval above the major third degree of each of these chores, end because this interval is generally considered harsh or dissonant tothe eax, the elevanth fe raised a half step to reduce the dissonance. The name of the chord is then changed lo reftect this alferaton, ‘becoming "ma9(t}" or “2(41)" to call attention to this change. Fig. 2: raising the eleventh itis not really an eleventh chord at ll, But rathor a “euspended fourth’ chord (called “suse or simply “cus"). Fig, 4: replacing tho third with the fourth Crus cons Cis Cras cous cissus Summary of rules for chords containing elevenths: 4. Chores with major thirds use #14 2. Chords with minor thirds usa natural 1) 8. Chores with no thirds are actually “sus” chords, NOTE: On chord charts, the syimbo! for the dominant eleventh chord, such aa G11, is ‘actually intended to representa dominant ninth sued chord, or GSsus. The misuse of the dominant eleventh chord symool is extremely common, Seri), umoraberelenerval Cma9¢3il) cual) Minor ninth and minor ninth ((5) chords: Bacause these chor contain @ minor thir, the extreme dissonance is ot present, 0 no altraton ofthe elovonih is required. Fig. t minor eleventh and minor eleventh (5) chores Cait exits) mitt costs) Ropiacing the third withthe fourth: I the thi-d ofthe chord is replaced by the eleventh,