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CellCityAnalogy

Floatingaroundinthecytoplasmaresmallstructurescalledorganelles.Liketheorgansinyour
ownbody,eachonecarriesoutaspecificfunctionnecessaryforthecelltosurvive.Imaginethe
cellasaminiaturecity.Theorganellesmightrepresentcompanies,placesorpartsofthecity
becausetheyeachhavesimilarjobs.BelowarethedescriptionsofimportantpartsoftheCellCity:
A. City Limits/Police Department - control what goes in and out of the city
B. Road System - Allows for movement throughout the city.
C. City Hall - Controls all the activities of the city.
D. City Auditor/Clerk - Stores all the records of the city and passes them on as the city grows.
E. City Planning Office - A place in the city hall where plans are made for the construction of the city.
F. Construction Company - Builds structures for the city.
G. Delivery Van - delivers products made at the construction company to other locations in the city.
H. Food Processing Plant - Processes large quantities of food entering the city into smaller packages that can
be used more easily.
I. Warehouse - Stores materials needed by the city.
J. Power Company - Produces energy for the city.
K.SolarPowerPlantUsesthesunsenergytoproducepowerforthecity.

DirectionsAsyoumovethroughthisworksheet,seeifyoucanmatchtheimportantpartsofthecity
listedabovetothespecificorganellesfoundincells.Besuretowriteneatly,andincomplete
sentences.
1.Thenucleusisalarge,round/ovalstructureusuallylocatednearthecenterofthecell.Itisthe
controlcenterforalltheactivitiesofthecell.
a.WhatcompanyorplacedoesthenucleusresembleinaCellCity?

b.Whydoyouthinkso?

2.Thecellmembraneisathin,flexibleenvelopethatsurroundsthecell.Itallowsthecellto
changeshapeandcontrolswhatgoesintoandoutofthecell.
a.WhatcompanyorplacedoesthecellmembraneresembleinaCellCity?

b.Whydoyouthinkso?

3.Theendoplasmicreticulumconsistsofanetworkoftubelikepassagewaysthatproteinsfrom
theribosomesaretransportedthrough.
a.WhatcompanyorplacedoestheendoplasmicreticulumresembleinaCellCity?

b.Whydoyouthinkso?

4.TheribosomesaresmallgrainlikebodiesmademostlyofRNAandproducedinthenucleolus.
Proteinsareconstructedattheribosomes.
a.WhatcompanyorplacedotheribosomesresembleinaCellCity?

b.Whydoyouthinkso?

5.Thenucleolusisasmall,denseobjectfondinthemiddleofthenucleus.ItmakestheRNAfor
thecell.
a.WhatcompanyorplacedoesthenucleolusresembleinaCellCity?

b.Whydoyouthinkso?

6.Thejellylikeareabetweenthenucleusandthecellmembraneiscalledthecytoplasm.Ithelps
organellesmovethroughoutthecell.
a.WhatcompanyorplacedoesthecytoplasmresembleinaCellCity?

b.Whydoyouthinkso?

7.Themitochondriaaretinybeanshapedstructuresinthecytoplasmwithasmoothouter
membrane,andagreatlyfoldedinnermembrane.Theysupplytheenergyforthecellby
transformingsugarsintoenergy.
a.WhatcompanyorplacedoesthemitochondriaresembleinaCellCity?

b.Whydoyouthinkso?

8.Thechromosomesarerodshapedbodiesfoundinthenucleus.TheyaremadeofDNAand
protein.Theycontainalltheinformationtorunthecell.Theyalsopassonthehereditarytraitsof
thecelltonewcells.
a.WhatcompanyorplacedothechromosomesresembleinaCellCity?

b.Whydoyouthinkso?

9.Thechloroplastisanoval,greenstructurefoundinthecytoplasm.Itcontainschlorophyll.It
capturesthesunsenergyandusesittoproducesugarsinaprocesscalledphotosynthesis.
a.WhatcompanyorplacedothechloroplastsresembleinaCellCity?

b.Whydoyouthinkso?

10.Thelysosomesaresmallroundstructuresfoundinthecytoplasm.Theycontaindigestive
enzymesthatbreakdownlargefoodparticlesintosugarsandothersimplesubstances.
a.WhatcompanyorplacedothelysosomesresembleinaCellCity?

b.Whydoyouthinkso?

11.Thevacuoleisalarge,roundsacfoundinthecytoplasm.Itstoreswater,food,wastes,orother
materialsneededbythecell.
a.WhatcompanyorplacedoesthevacuoleresembleinaCellCity?

a.Whydoyouthinkso?

Part I: Cell
Onaplainpieceofpaper,youwillsketch,color,andlabelaplantoranimalcell.Includeallthecell
partswehavediscussedinclass.Useyoursciencebook,anynotesyouhave,andanycellworksheets
you'vedoneforhelp.

Cell Sketch Rubric Criteria


1Sketchedonplainpaper
2Coloredwithcoloredpencils
3Sketchiscorrectlyshapedandlabeledasacertaintypeofcell
4Includesacellmembrane(andifplantacellwall)
5Includescytoplasm
6Includesnucleus
7IncludesNuclearmembrane
8IncludesChromosomes
9Includesnucleolus
10Includesendoplasmicreticulum
11Includesribosomes
12includesmitochondria
13Includesvacuoles
14Includeslysosomes(ifanimalcell)orchloroplastsifplantcell

Poor Average Excellent


1
2
3
1
2
3
1
2
3
1
2
3
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

Total Points: (42) ________


Part II: City
Onaplainpieceofpaper,youwillsketch,color,andlabelacity.Eachpartofthecitywillbelabeledwith
itsnameandthenameofthecellorganellethathasasimilarfunction.
Criteria
Poor Average Excellent
1Sketchedonplainpaper
1
2
3
2Coloredwithcoloredpencils
1
2
3
3Sketchisofcity
1
2
3
4Includesanalogyofcellmembrane(andcellwallifplant).
1
2
3
5Includesanalogyofcytoplasm
6Includesanalogyofnucleus
7Includesanalogyofnuclearmembrane
8Includesanalogyofchromosomes
9Includesanalogyofnucleolus
10Includesanalogyofendoplasmicreticulum

1
1
1
1
1
1

2
2
2
2
2
2

3
3
3
3
3
3

11Includesanalogyofribosomes
12Includesanalogyofmitochondria
13Includesanalogyofvacuole
14Includesanalogyoflysosomes(ifanimalcell)orchloroplasts
(ifplantcell)

1
1
1
1

2
2
2
2

3
3
3
3

City Points: (42) _____

Part III: Mobile Construction


Onaplainpieceofpaper,youwillsketch,color,andlabelacity.Eachpartofthecitywillbe
labeledwithitsnameandthenameofthecellorganellethathasasimilarfunction.Useyour
cellcityworksheetasaresourceforhelp.
Criteria
1Gluescellandcitytooppositesidesof
constructionpaper
2Punchedattopanda20cmpiecestring
insertedtohang
3Completesyes/nocolumnoftherubric
4Putsnameandperiodonmobileand
attachesrubricwithpaperclip
5.Neatness

Poor
1

Average
2

Excellent
3

Construction Points: (16) ________


Total Project Points: (100) _________

Web Cell Resources:


http://www.biopic.co.uk/cellcity/index.htm
http://biology.unm.edu/ccouncil/Biology_124/Summaries/Cell.html
http://www.cellsalive.com/cells/cell_model.htm
http://www.ibiblio.org/virtualcell/tour/cell/cell.htm