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CELL ORGANELLE NOTES

Biology 2015/2016
Mrs. Marshall

PLASMA (CELL) MEMBRANE


Picture

Function
Regulates what
enters and leaves the
cell in order to
maintain homeostasis

Found in?
All Prokaryotes and
Eukaryotes

CELL WALL
Picture

Function
Provides support
and protection for
the cell

Found in?
Prokaryotes and
Plants only!

NUCLEUS
Picture

Function
The control center
of the cell and
dictates what all
of the other
organelles do.
Stores the DNA

Found in?
Eukaryotes only

NUCLEOLUS
Picture

Function
Dense region in
nucleus where
ribosomes are
made

Found in?
Eukaryotes only

NUCLEAR ENVELOPE
Picture

Function
Separates DNA
from cytoplasm.
Openings called
pores allow some
materials to enter
and leave the
nucleus

Found in?
Eukaryotes only

CYTOPLASM
Picture

Function
Gel like substance
inside the cell
Holds the internal
components of cells
in place and
protects them from
damage

Found in?
All Prokaryotes and
Eukaryotes

RIBOSOMES
Picture

Function
Make proteins in
the cell
Tiny bodies
attached to the ER
and found free in
the cytoplasm.

Found in?
All Prokaryotes and
Eukaryotes

GOLGI APPARATUS
Picture

Function
Stacked
membranes that
receive, store,
package and
secrete proteins
transported in
vesicles

Found in?
All Eukaryotes

VESICLES
Picture

Function
Small, round sacs
that transport
proteins from the
Golgi apparatus

Found in?
Eukaryotes Animal

ROUGH ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM


Picture

Function

Found in?

Transport system of Eukaryotes Plants


the cell:
and Animal
Contains numerous
ribosomes on the
surface

SMOOTH ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM


Picture

Function

Found in?

Similar in
Eukaryotes Plants
appearance to
and Animal
round ER but
without ribosomes.
Produces lipids
involved in carb.
metabolism and
detoxification of
drugs and poison

MITOCHONDRION OR MITOCHONDRIA
Picture

Function
They generate the
energy that our
cells need to do
their jobs
(Cell Respiration)

Found in?
Eukaryotes Plants
and Animal

CHLOROPLAST
Picture

Function
Photosynthesis.
Take in sun energy
and convert it to
chemical energy

Found in?
Eukaryotes Plants
only

CENTRAL VACUOLE
Picture

Function
Hold material and
waste

Found in?
Eukaryotes Plants
only

LYSOSOME
Picture

Function
Small, round
structures that
contain enzymes
used in digestion

Found in?
Eukaryotes Plants
and animals

FLAGELLUM
Picture

Function
Whip like tail used
for movement

Found in?
Prokaryotes and
sperm cell (animal)

CILIA
Picture

Function

Found in?

Movement in
Prokaryotes and
bacteria and
Eukaryote (Animal)
moving liquids
along lung tissue in
animals