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DO NOT OPEN THE TEST BOOK UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD TO DO SO! Name. ae Form S 7 Ce PSAT/NMSQT" : Preliminary SAT/ National Merit Scholarship Qualifying Test Timing The PSAT/NMSQT® has five sections. You will have 25 minutes each for Sections 1-4 and 30 minutes for Section 5. Scoring For each correct answer, you receive one point. For questions you > SATURDAY, ‘omit, you receive no points. For a wrong answer to a muliple-choice _ question, you lose a quarter (4) of a point. For a wrong answer to a o esate 19, math question that is not multiple choice, you do not lose any points. (This is the authorized Guessing If you can eliminate one or more choices as wrong, you increase your fepinpeapealay chances of choosing the correct answer and earning one point. If you to scholarship and cannot eliminate any choices, move on. You can return to the question recognition programs.) later if there is time. Marking You must mark all of your answers on your answer sheet to receive Answers credit. Make sure each mark is dark and completely fils the citcle. If you erase, do so completely. You may write in the test book, but you will not receive credit for anything you write there, Checking You may check your work on a particular section if you finish it before Answers time is called, but you may not tum to any other section. DO NOT OPEN THE TEST BOOK UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD TO DO SO! Unauthorized reproduction or use of any part ofthis test is prohibited. Preliminary SAT/National Merit Scholarship Qualiffing Test cosponsored by NATIONAL MERIT o (bottegeBoara / SCHOLARSHIP CORPORATION 772059 4JPT2 o 1@ a 1 A SECTION 1 ‘Time — 25 minutes 24 Questions: (1-24) Directions: For each question in this section, select the best answer from among the choices given and fil inthe corresponding cirele on the answer sheet. Each sentence below has one of two blanks, each blank: 4. The prosecutors were so certs shat they had g indicating that something has been omitted. Beneath z nist the alleged swindle the sentence are five words oF sets of words labeled A “Tere dhockedGvhen the suspect wns = for through E. Choose the word or set of words that, when adverbial clause describes inserted in the sentence, best fits the meaning of the (A) coeeapt.. smiancad, sentence asa whole (B) sissies liberated Stone (C) defensible abolished (D) week. . portrayed Hoping to ------ the dispute, negotiators proposed © solid. acquited Freed ‘a. compromise that they felt would be —--—- to both Jalon signals an. idea + an.. le thereoF Iubor and management 3. The peiticiag was both == his past fondly while continually siivineo-achiewe his (A) enforce useful ae @) end... divisive : (© cnescome. -unatrctve @ nostic anbious (©) extend. sisfatry {C) remiscen. dong ) resolve. acceptable oooce (D) scouafabs enterprising eee (E) wistful. sesh “endngpnnacts similar ide i ‘raion panty polieshindf-——= The ro social range many polical acs o te 1060s exprestd fore the year was o their through protest marches an adverbial clause (A) ouroueebout. . boredom tieipial phrase mented describes (B) plessedith..omacement = des@ri bes) (TC) oquisccation. . justified (©) enchanted. outraze (D) Terie. wafotindad= (D) dawbifababont. cooperation (E) prognostication ..ralasone © dissatistied with. . anger but” signals opposite ideas unfortunately" siqnals a negative 7. Wassily Kattlinsky was a particularly artistin 2, For decstee ranberrp Seed coasted vardiey of iis early careerPbulhe bexan fo draw more feelin the frit with specie tention to ize, imines, colog his later years ond disse resins ds bien G cetiverate (B) restasive (©) nimble importance of flavor hear (A) gontirning de-emphasi ~ 8. The director's ----- anything outside th (E) resetivatinn ‘World of her Hlm’s protagonist 3. Bioengineer Yoky Matsuoka’s teenage curiosity abou We fives of outer characters how the hand manipulates tenis racket ee fares designing artical tas (QS arate inward setae G) absorbed —(B) reduced © foreshadowed (© veneration of. adritness {(D) suspended (B) coniradi aie aed impatience wih. desutorine’s shaphagardness rail «OS tneny shan. sidspumnsumad GO ONTOTHE NEXT PAGE > 1 ‘The passages below are followed by questions based on their content; questions following a pair of related passages may also ‘be based on the relationship between the paired passages. Answer the questions on the basis of what is stated or implied in the passages and in a introductory material that may be provided, Line 10 ‘Questions 9-10 are based on the following passage. ‘The dodo became extinct centuries ago, and fewuraces of tis flightless bind were know Agent dscns made on te sland of Maat ‘Where dodces Tied. Development has altered origina) Questions 11-12 are based on the following passage. There was nothing intrinsically new about the pl Qprah WinfreY assumed in Mera ‘Oprah's Book lub fad lis aniecedenis i what critic Lawrence Levine habitat ares, but scientists marveled to discover a rove. sd erizes ‘acultare in which planls intg a forest lake some 3,000 years avo, “IC's like term “highbrow.” Rather, she revolutionary elemeng of her Asnapshot,” said one scientist. “You set up a big camera television program had to do with how Oprah accomplished and photograph the landscape at a particular instant. 10 her of getting more people to’ ZC Oks, and t in amoment” ——— ‘Thousands of new readers who purchased hundreds of ‘thousands of books. (B)_ Unrestrained pride (C) The insistence that populernevelsarwelles— Peoeeniaarennens 10. The analogy in lines 8-12 (“It’s ... moment”) (D) Its feeus-on- persuading these-whe-usually-tisten- tag secretin erect, emphasize a discovery’s significance toread Lines N13 (©) explsin-e- photographic process: 2. : (D) roberts about extinction 1 The guotaion fr Lawrence Levine jn (E) call attention te-aneeobogioe- problem eon BD cece aaeategy eee eas a © provide support forthe author's opening claim HVE) ectelh alt a pete eed date TE) She hes telewinieat teint Opals ean tite 2. GO ONTO THE NEXT PAGE Line 10 0 ‘Questions 13-24 are based on the following passages. The followine passaves are adapted from nyo books: the shifting nature of journalism in today's world, The frst passage is from a 2006 book bv a newspaper columnist who self-publishes an Inrzmet blog; the second passage Passage 2 Ata time when practically anyone with a computer ea self-publish and claim to be a “journalist,” the meaning of a ais bing eroded poplar Sulu tid confusion about the Function of professional journalism in society. Professional journalists, some araue, are po longey is from a 2007 boo bea ural a ‘as necessary or relevant as they once were, since today all pated 50 citizens can become journalists, finding and disseminating the news themselves, So what if.shis New Media world Journalism is undergoing a transformatinn froma is governed by few standards of professional journalist rwenieth-century massmedia siuctue fo something pfasive, none oF whieh are ty Share ant wieTy Drofoundly more grassroots and democratic, I's a story, [Tepe Make way forthe far freer age ofthe citizen “THST Of change, Humans Dave always (old cach other stories, and each new era of progress has led to an expansion of storytelling. This is also a story of a. modern revolution, however, because technology has given un communications tool kit that allows anyone to become ‘a journalist at little cost and, in theory, with global reach. Nothing lke this has ever been remotely possible before In the twentieth century, making the news was almost entirely the province of journaliss, he people we covered ‘and the public relations-and marketing people who journalist. ‘These vast new powers of individual expression are indeed invigorating citizen involvement, connection, and awareness in our representative democracy, which itself depends so profoundly on free speech. The most priceless bestowed by the Internet is the enhanced freedom to communicate with our fellow citizensBullthe persuasive arguments in favor of etizen journalism, in which anyone ‘with digital skills is presumed able and equipped to report the news, also presume that effect L manipulated everyone. The economics of publishing and 65 journalism in service of the terest js moh a broadcasting created large, arrogant institutions. Call particularly difficult endeavor—that anyone can do it it Big Media, though even small-town newspapers and ‘That professional reporting, writing, broadcasting, and DES exhibit some of the phsomenn's Worst Pablshing eguirs ile kor aining beyond an bility sympions. {o use a leplop computer or a digital recorder to collect THis Media, in any event, rated the news asalecture, 7 video or sound. That one can practice journalism almost ‘We told you what the news was, You bought it, or you if it were an extracurricular hobby conducted in idle Gdn’ t, You might write usa Teter; we might print it. Or imoments you canceled your subscription or stopped watching our “This concept is missuided. Professional journalism is Shows. Itwas a world that bred complacency and arrogance anime butiple and festnology ise s no substi, con our part 75. Tor the human rigor requifed To seek out and vepor the “Tomorrow's news reporting will be more of: es Ry, imepernfeniy, and accurately. Simply conversation, a seminag. The lies will blur between Tecognizing what constitutes meaningful news and producers and consumers, changing the role of both informational context fora wide audience in an in ways we're only beginning to grasp now. The increasingly complex world, and ynderstanding how the ‘communication network itself will be a medium for 20 news starkly differs from apinion and commentary, can ‘qeryone’s voice ie an itellesal challenge that takes years of experience is evolution —from journalism as lecture 10 to iasicy Journalists must work hard to hone criti Journalism as a conversation or seminar—will oblige sills; conducting unbiased and productive interviews ‘Various communities of interest to adapt, Everyone from {eseaTching issues, whether tha involves digging into Joumalists tothe people we cover, to out sources and the 8 _—public records or Knowing where to look for vita Tormer audience must change their ways. The alternative information that may be concealed in the shadowy comers isjust more ofthe same, We can’t afford more ofthe same. of government, industry, and culture; comprehending fairly ‘Journalists will lear we are par of something new, all Sides of public issues, appreciating language and using that our readers/listeners/viewers are becoming part of the it well to express news and information as clearly as Cee Tee rnmyani eect, 9 possible Yelsuch sls ae becoming devalue. the emain importany and professionals will still be gatekeepers publie's eve and even within the established industry Fasome ways{bud the ability to shape larger conversaiong itselfLAnd[as the media industry's investment in such —and to provide COntext—will be at least as Important as professionalism lessens, so too does its vital influence the abl fo pater fats ap in democratic society, leaving the eitizenry more 495. susceptible distortion, bas, and blatant falsehoods, GO ONTO THE NEXT PAGE > Be em Ou. 16, ct ‘The author ¢1 differs from the author of Passged by viswine the fur of uals with mies optimism lites 1-4, 25-30, 27-24 UB} emusomene (C) ambivelenee- (D) prodenee ©) mperiousness ‘Which best describes the gelationship between the twopassages?———— (A) Passnge? offers an evenhundeddeser'ption 7 Situation that Passeged viewsasparely B) eer o pease tas sts that the argument in Passage 1 is based on flawed assumptions. Passage 2 emphasizes the potential negative effects of a development that Passage | treats ina positive fashion, (D) Passage 2 describes the possible consequences of a plait that Passage} propewes te implement (EB) Passage SetinentertheFretoreliat provoked the change described in Passage | “The statement in lines 4-6 (“Humans serves primarily to (A) establish-themetives for an action (B) of a trend © place a change ina broad context (D) eritieize an instinctual reaction ® Inline 12, “govered” wost nearly means (A) coneested ust leg teeseeier Fe (B) gua answer ci (Q) compensated aorside the context. © cmton storytelling”) eorrespondedsich: ‘The enms “Big Media” (line 16, Passage 1) and “New Media world” (line 51, Passage 2) zefer to media practices that the authors seas (A) benefit (B) innovetive (© smnonches (D) obsclete © oosctonste “large, ar alsa lines 14-24 “governed by feu standards... eines Into line 1a- 18, The guthor of Passage | indicates that the “worst, wv. symptoms" ines 17-18) juste OAD tebisteattel dest teetetit eet {B) a tendoney toward pelteek-eiremioss (C) a propensity for finaneiatdishenesty @ smevoggered sense a lhmporance tn stad of mecleronareen eamplacéney and arrogance” Paste | spent te aeluog” ine Misa, (A) betiecteaining dorjousnatintse @ greater parity among participants (©) onbaneed-speed of communication ® somes cerepa cee & i eee earita~ equality saicar ¢ accepted") ? (A) Admitsioatack of indignation about 2 shamefl sition (B) Inpliesthat esedaion might not be 2s (C) Satinizessrtraditions vies about joumationr © Presents a serious concem in a tone of mock indifference “Se ashad... (EB) Nokesinamoftineiee proposal that is actually revolutionary “Thoauihor of Pssaze J would most li io i evaTnanOTAT Tes 3659, Pass ("These ... speech"), sith @ complete agreement ©) )_coniplete-disagreernent ‘ (A)“a.medium for everyone's vice” ‘Which situatiog demonstrates the “priceless gift” (lines 59-60)? (A) An avid reader purchasese-bool on politics Troma Foternetreteiier: (B) Arporis fan-uses the Internetto checkihe. scoreofabacebaligeme. [C) A professional journalist maintains a Website — previously published-ecseven © Acollege student uses an Internet chet room to dae he pals of pote candids, ant institutions %E) An whether a student has plagiarized a teem paper. » (D)"communicate with our Fellow citizens” GO ONTOTHE NEXT PAGE > 23, Lines 61-72 (But... moments”) emphasize which point about the “persuasive arguments” (lines 61-62) ? (A) They are rooted in a mind-set that is inereasingly antiquated. ‘They are based on unsound assumptions about a profession (©) They influence public opinion on important (D) They overstate the ultimate benefits of a technology (©) They exaggerate the skills required to work ina certain field (MD refutation follows in lines 73-40 24, The passages tre concerned primarily with the (A) eetorsthatproveked a transformation (B) justification for dermandineserefenm (C) egtiveetioetrol an event (D) seeumiptions thet governamovarnent © potential impact of a phenomenon = situation. STOP I you finish before time is called, you may check your work on this section only. Do not turn to any other section in the test. NO TEST MATERIAL ON THIS PAGE NO TEST MATERIAL ON THIS PAGE oe ee a a o SECTION 2 ‘Time — 25 minutes 20 Questions. (2-20) Directions: For this section, solve each problem and decide which is the best of the choices given. Fill in the corresponding circle on the answer sheet. You may use any available space for scratch work (The we of sacri pera 2 allroer sed areal amber. _,| _ 3.Figures that accompany problems in tis est are intended to provide information useful in solving the problems. 3 “They are drawn as accurately as possible EXCEPT when itis sated ina specific problem thatthe figure is not 2 drawn to scale. All figures lie in a plane unless otherwise indicated. 4. nen abet qed he onal of ay finn fs snumed oe be fal el manbes for wich Sco) is areal number. : iB «C7 | db € 7 a a + | aaa 28 8) cad, Anew V= wh VeuPh — c2ea2+b2 Special Right Triangles se aumberof degen of ac nal i360 [2 te sum o he measures n depres ofthe angles of ingles 180 (,6} 2, Ina single-file ine ata ticket booth, Maggie is the Sit persoa in Tine and Claudia is the 98th pessog in ; ie-KEViTs numerical posiion in lie is. cxacly x. and_y are mbers inthe st above, whatjs ‘Reus : : 1 A aa se mee Sean, Le hulfsny between Maggie's and Claude's. Whats ‘Kevin's numerical position in line? @5 of the difference (@ 74h Toral number in Jine ) 75th ; 5 ® © Pay attention to the ® fee From Maggie +o Claudia @ sa ives! 8 7h inclusive’ 18-5641 = 43 @u adjectives! 73h : Al + Kevin + 21243 Let x=b and y= X-y2b-128 Maggie's position + 21> Kevin's position. Bot 21=77 GO ONTO THE NEXT PAGE 3 B 15 20 Acar aaTlenie ‘Whats the grea of AARC above? Sa Area of a.triang Nes (108 “r(base)(hei Fe Ors A-L~anea Ax( axes A=150 r49 24410 I. How many values of x satisfy the equation above? - In the figure above mil, Whats the value of 2? ay 35 Ef two parallel lines (B) 8 are ut iy a-sransuersal, © alrernate: nvevior angles (D) 65 are equal. “Then ay+ 30= 180 -20 -20 ay = 150 a 2 4=75 CAR PRODUCTION IN 2004 eee Ginn abe sheep afbap afeate fat United States] afin falas [Germany Htapan ® woe {3 On © Two 3 ‘D) Tee 4210 Noit j (E) More than three doesn’+. -10- G&w~ =x million cars The cet ibovg shows gar productiag for ‘and the United States in 2004, Sse ef, the three countries produced 19 million which is closest ig the ‘sats. Of the following, wi seals? dust TRANSLATE! (A) 1.00 6 175 B.. ax = apegene (D) 4.50 (E) 8.50 xe at ajust look at the answers- how many 8's in 14 = © GO ONTOTHE NEXT PAGE > 2 fe 2 1 hich the following acim shou the lengths, ‘the sides ofthe right tiansle above? ze Let asl bel, =u Bee Nea batskrnra te Lat Wa? MW, at +o = ct Values inte the giver. equations. @® tonly +bee (B) and I ont {© Land ttonly (D) Mandi only hitanaut LL. ali. 8. Oans ‘what i the yalue of $m 82 Notie ce the pautens © 2 Supasriiegiyty, a Hm+ Rea Malti both sides oF the equ Hon by 2 Bm+2k=4 ate 9. @x and & are positive integers and if x“ = 7, what is the yalue of x? ae k wt = 3? 82 T 3 ee 14 ad (E) 49 10, The produ ofS umber s=100, At Bo, maid Teer canbe Ease (A) One (8) Two (©) Thee How ‘bout BY CDCHOCDCHG +5) =- 100 GO ONTO THE NEXT PAGE o 2 0 Z |r-h|-3=6 O 1. Qeeth 26 ant 52-12 a olin othe a Be 13, Jnthe x»-plane, the point (2,66) is pn the graph of ‘which of the following lines? dusttr rhe answer ‘caution above, the yal 8 -12Simplify the he equationfirst. +3 Choites. Se © 521059 ye ax ® 9'%-hl=4 b= 3(2) 1259 or X-h=-49 b= b-heq 7la-h=-9 —b “6 tA +12 | -h=3 -h=3 he-3 he-3 12. A bus line has one bus leaving San Franciseg every 14, Set_S above consists of all positive multiples of aby, stating at 6-10 AM, ALSbad @) &: (B) 840 aM, () 9:00am, ® 9:10 AM. ® 10.00 aa SLthat are less than 100, and set T° consists ofall ul ooh unultiples of 10th are is how much Se eer g 2 median of the numbers (1 it Set T= 50 (&) 20 median. of +he numbers in Ser S=50 50-50=0 @ GO ONTOTHE NEXT PAGE ) 15, In the figure above, the circle with mudius 12 is divided inte four consmuent sectors. yj fr ‘ ind semicircles are drawp ‘onench of the four radii, is the fotal area of the shaded regions? (A) lz Stars withaplan: (B) se Grea of large circle (©) 847 pele ice Be of +0 , © Small circles equals Dm Breet ihe atid ® 4. Yegions. AtAn* | Aan Ga)’ A= 4 A= Kn* AX (6) A=36T% 2A = 236%) 2A= 72K IA = Tan Sta 16. IF j is a positive integer and the remainder when j ig sivided by 11 is, suhat is the gemainder when 3/2, igivided bv LN? @3 Ler + equal Ib because (B) 5 Os —Hee= | Remainders ® ajrazaiara = Harz = 50 5O. = 4 Remainder 6 17. ‘The graph of the function ¢ is shown in the sy-plane, above. The graph of the funetion_g (not shown) js the ‘flection of the graph of f gcrass the line y =. ‘What is the yalue of (3)? (3 Veshated 5 “What isthe valve oF O6 when X equals ane 7 ©) 9 18, Ata bookstore tats d-dollas to eopy 2 pages of text material, At this rate, in dollars, to gopy x pages of text n wt » SPS © & cross multipl ia oe a then divide © sa = o & . - os GO ONTO THE NEXT PAGE > 20 0 a © 19. Rectangle ABCD jes in the xy-coordinate plane, The endpoints of side AF are A(0,0) and B(-2.4 Wha isthe lone of side BC? Recause adjacent sides of arectangdle ar perpendicuYar a. because ndicular lines have of pase o reciprocal Stopes, the slope oF BC =+- STOP 2 and a > 0, what a*b=aa™* Divide both sides of the souatian. by ar et a % ia To simplify terms contaihins expore tits he Subtract: xpone rts when division ts involve a, ot b=a Divide both sides of the equation by hs -1 < 2 eS 6 ~s2 a If you finish before time is called, you may check your work on this section only. Do not turn to any other section in the test. NO TEST MATERIAL ON THIS PAGE 15+ 3 SECTION 3 Time — 25 minutes 24 Questions, (25-48) circle on the answer sheet Directions: For each question in this section, select the best answer from among the choices given and fill n the coresponding Each sentence below has one or two blanks, each blank indicating that something has been omitted. Beneath the sentence are five words or sets of words labeled A through E. Choose the word or set of words that, when inserted in the sentence, best fits the meaning of the sentence as a whole. Example: Hoping to —---~ the dispute, negotiators proposed ‘a compromise that they felt would be --—- to both labor and management. (A) enforce .. useful (B) end divisive (© overcome ,. unauractive (D) extend .. satisfactory (&) resolve .. acceptable ©0006 colon signals an idea and anexample thereat Si. Wally¥s tone was ----Oiit reflected the deeply biter ‘nd long-standing resentment he felt town (A) blithe (B) fretful (©) rami (D) whimsical © rancorous! colon signals an idea and an é thereof $8. In the contemporary World, messages about products are tru jvertising has increasingly filled ‘up ihe spaces in people's daily Tives, (A) inclusive @ ubiquitous (C) soporitie (©) capricious (E) incisive, ubiquitous ~ pervasive 29. Thdliie of E. L. Kontgsburg’s novel Father's Arcane Daughter suggests that primary chao of he bok ig Of the boo! is—- (A)invidious (B) imperturbable (C) dotorous tie (E) solicitous arcane « mw imilar ideas os gad connects simular ideas. early 1980s, exhibits. prominent. powerful (B) prolific. . elassient (©) imaginative. shorttved (©) rehuctent.. popular (©) bletent.. sobs colon signals an ideo and an. example thereof 26. He ws tastnod. = presdent ever feed ie covapen indeed Oss Tae ben so wel ike (A) revolutionary @ popular (C) fragal (D) qualified (E) sullen GO ONTO THE NEXT PAGE > Line w 3 333@3 ‘The passages below are followed by questions based on their content; questions following a pair of related passages may also be based on the relationship between the paired passages. Answer the questions on the basis of what is stated or implied passages and in any introductory material that may be provided. in the Questions 30-33 are based on the following passages. Passage L Colleges are giving new meaning to being “in the zone.” ‘These days that could mem aiteespecCh zoTe—-a par of campus sanctioned specifically forthe sor of angry ‘protests that tore through campuses inthe 1960S, he ‘idea of feticting protests to a few areas of campus sounds, biLtoo convenient, that’s precisely the point. And some sludents aren't happy about it 2 srontal he Posts Pelove that universities are simply exercising their rights as property owners to Festict the time, place, and manner of certain protests. Under this philosophy, a student has no more right to post a yer on the wall of the student union building than on the door of| neighbor's house. Passage 2 ‘Many students recognize that th speech Zones” is not the creation of areas for free speech, ‘pot anelimination ofthe right to discuss the issues Seon fee heat a ca ea you're granted permission to say it A certain university permits you to distribute Myers, but you must remain in Alesignated area; this rule makes yering impossible, since tistribution requires moving around, The good news is tha Some students are rejecting this doublespéate gant of a7. 30, Both passages uke which poin? (A) epeciiccampuesmovemant has provoked a Teeklash fom college administrators © A centan camps poliey has led to discontent among some students, (©) Avoesin st ins apset-conae ame epmacs (D) Thodendomtdicut pliers an importaneaspest of fee speech, (E) Tho needforfenspeee culicighthedangess that such speech sometimes presents (@) lines 6-Z 23-25 31. The author of Passage? would most ikely make \whiel point about the definition in Tines 2, Pasage | Capat 108) (A) Itreflets a sound ntereatation ofa concept (B) le demonstrates the necoeshypoF weatof- restietions. eect sina of a pe. ) It acknowledges the complsitiret orm (B). ltreveas te a (co) Mhelleepaaiegrantn of F reedond 32 The statement fa Citthe, Spin) suggests primarily (hat free-speech zon the ineress of college 2 minster ‘a. bit +60 convenient ) (E) ao-4-good-solutien to a common problem at many 33. The “students” referred to in line 7, Passage 1, would (A) grated: (B) tnetersteneine (©) amusement disapproval (E) contusion GO ONTO THE NEXT PAGE Line wo 1s os Fa 3 3 Questions 34-40 are based on the following passage. Diis passage is qdapted from a 2001 book writs by a noted professor of physics and astron: is also a popular science writer ‘The physician-essavist Lewis Thomas once bluntly asgerted that “The greatest ofall the accomplishments of twentieth-ccniury science has been tie Gucovertot nance Soe think bat Peano SGSSTTE THOT thatthe culmination of our greatest century of scientific discovery should be the confirmation of our ignorance. How didl such a thing come about? ‘When we thought we lived on a globe at the center ofa sphere of stars just up there on the dome of night, ‘We could easily believe that a complete inventory of the universe's contents was possible, The cosmos was proportioned to a haman scale, created specifically for our domicile. Presumably, since the universe was made for us, it contained nothing beyond the ken of our senses) Buthe {elescopic observations of the great astronomers —Galileo Salilei, William Herschel, Harlow Shapley, Edwin Hubble and many others revealed stars in uncountable number: stars that served no apparent purpose it the human scheme of things since they could not be seen by human e} lubble Space Telescope’s Deep Field photographs 3 galaxies as numerous as snowhlakes ina storm, each with ‘uncountable planets, strange geographies, and, possibly. biologies and intelligences. To live in such 2 universe is. to admit that the human mir Will never iow everyting "The philosopher Kart Popper wrote that™The more we learn about the world, and the deeper our learning, the more conscious, specific, and articulate will be our knowledge of ‘what we do not know, our knowledge of our ignorance. For this, indeed, isthe main source of our ignorance —the fact that our knowledge can be only finite, while our ignorance must necessarily be infinite,” "An important question t0 ask is, Are we hum sychologically prepared to be citizens of the Mill Some of us are frightened by the vast spaces of our ‘ignorance and Seek refuge in the human-centered universe of the ancients. Others are exhilarated by the opportunities for further discovery, For the new vistas that will surely ‘open before us. The discovery of our ignorance should not be construed as a negative thing, Jenorance is a vesse ‘Waiting to be filled, permission for growth, 2 ground for ihe electrifying encounter with mystery, 18. 34. Which best characterizes the claim, made by Thomas in lines S-7C"The greatest. Tenorance”) 7 (A) Theeitersies 2 comventionsharasmant (B) Ie stbiemstead (C) Ke njectsexpertoninion Te makes a counterintuitive point {B) Hontradits empirical findings. 35. As used in Hines 7 and 39, “thing” most nearly means, (A) sbjeet dust plug in each of the (B) een answer Zhaices Into © dnckpnen lines, Zand 39 — (D) ebsestor Consider the Context (E) possession: ‘The second paragraph (lines 8-31) serves primarily 10 (A) highlight the ever-growing interest in distant galaxies (B) omphosizeshe genius ofsomectiheworkiion astronomer — (©) reveal whey-seioneeedentinn irserementiah aecount for how a new way of thinking came about (B) oaplainhonetechnoloay-helpsteanhanee , leteonebeete i CD) Start With the "But"in line 14 "37. The image of “snowflakes in a story” (line 21) iFised To convey a sense ol 36. A) excessive wrbeonae ® infinite mukinde “as numerous as” (©) isingtioriontation (D) cmselopinebeetin (E) wendrousniqueness 38. The attitude ynderlying the stay 3. ae veers sls anes ing) one of (A) dismay (B) arrogance (C) exuberance (D) sieprive acceptance “ admit that the human mtind will never Kned every thing GO ONTO THE NEXT PAGE > ” 3 39, The author suggests that those “prepared to 40. The aor views he prospect of living inthe age that becitizens of the Milley Way" (line 33) 08 Foros Sisovery af eer onoransy” line 38) wth ‘haratetized chiefly by = g intellectual adventurousness —[7NAS 373k (B) wanparabinabence UB) technologie! sophistication (© eclorindifferenee (C) ideologicntsoticerity (D) sidging-acceptanee: (D) neve sete caver hopefulness —1irees 39-41 a GO ONTO THE NEXT PAGE > Line w 0 3 Questions 41-48 are based on the following passage. Adapted from a 2002 novel by an Indian American author this passage is about a woman from Darjeeling, India, who Is tiving in New York Cin Aloka Gupta gazed dawn from the window of her apagtment at the srav-brown bustle of Manhattan's Fifty- second Stree, er thouehs turning to her childhood home And the family-owned tea plantation ja Darjeeling. Urged on bythe chlT ofthe shor autumn days he ea plans ere nev forming thie hid fash of tender shin Teen lending a {antalizing fragrance to the erisp mountain ai. Eight veafs earlier Tet We and Tove, Tike te bumnbteboes ‘Tinting Trom bod te bod, Gu been entwined with those, bushes, "The cold jumble of glass, concrete, chrome. and steel betore her now siood in eruel contrast to the allure of that idyllic time, As she tumed away, the final divorce papers, legal sized and offieiously stamped with the seal of the state of New York and the day's date, stared agcusingly from the top of her writing desk. ‘She sank down in frontof her desk, pushed the divorce papers aside, and picked up the current issue of Manhattan, India, Three vears ago, she'd landed a journalis’s postion ‘Tillie publication, primarily because of her master’s degree in English and high school teaching experience. The idely read weekly reported news and events of interes) (0 the flourishing Indian American community scattered throughout New York and its environs. Subscribers devoured the newsweekly from cover to cover, passed it 10 friends, talked about it over chai latte, and sent clippings back home. Aloka wrote feature articles and reveled in the challenge of touching the emotions of the readers, ‘She lipped to page three of this week's edition. The o 45. Li 3 ‘a ® © wo) (E) rejection of certain customs ines 21-27 (“The widely . 47. distinction beswaen bisteriealeree confluence of particular cultures” Manhastarz India” repetitionof bahaviorsl pater Location of a popularnebghborbood home”) suagest 48. that the Indian American community yiews: ote di fanhaston, Ta ® compelling source of information = lines L4-2T @B) ee a (C) confusing bersge of auvice (D) tial meanro entertainment (E) biteriveetreminderothome 46, The details provided in fines 29:31 Senne Pape) nica ‘Slaka’scolummis (A) eiveanepast (B) idiosyncraic : © conspicuous ~clearly visible (D) despandal (B) cotieovsiaal (C) “entire top half of the pag STOP in Jines 44-18 (“Their faces... mistake"), the, owl arrived immigrants are character (A) unhappy but power (B) nostalgic but ambitiets (©) cekwletingand discontented © sisiet and melanchoti (E) angeyandvengeta Lines 62-66 “Tru to «offer sugges that he most ikely Ask Seva rest reader's wo being forgotten by ta gale sem indie wou (A) toting herstemmly co work harder at adapting to her new community and to siop-dwelliag ones ® in Manhattan © rerwnirng her that many people who have moved to Manhattan tain sttong relationships with their fiends back home (©) explaining in eurfaldtet the peychologica fiesta leaving a formerly Comfortable (BE) dismissing herconcersasizinial because there are So many technological means of communicating svth people around the world O advice a aad might off “source of hope and wisdar? Hf you finish before time is called, you may check your work on this section only. Do not turn to any other section in the test, 21 NO TEST MATERIAL ON THIS PAGE (22 4o0004o00004 SECTION 4 ‘Time — 25 minutes 18 Questions 21:38) | Reman vase fore oe Notes 1, The use of a calculator is permitted. 2, All numbers used are real numbers. 3, Figures that accompany problems in this test are intended to provide information useful in solving the problem, They are drawn as accurately as possible EXCEPT when itis stated in a specific problem that the figure is not drawn to scale, All figures lie in a plane unless otherwise indicated. 4, Unless otherwise specified, the domain of any function fis assumed to be the set of all real numbers x for which (fis) is real number Reference Information Special Right Triangles ‘The number of degrees of are in a citele is 360. ‘The sum of the measures in degrees of the angles of a tra ale is 180. 9, b> 0, and g = 2b, whatis the € waeofa? face @® 6 TRANSLATE: b>O=sbis positive ) 3 wa 22, Inthe figure above, how many different nes that are parallel to line £ can be drawn through point P ? b=3 (A) None a eee Bee a=2D=b (D) Three (E) More than three © ©) © GO ONTOTHE NEXT PAGE > 4000040000 4 MAXIMUM LENGTH OF TIME DIVERS. CAN SAFELY REMAIN UNDERWATER AT VARIOUS DEPTHS 40 3 60 70 80 90 Jog 110 120 130 Depth (fee the g1aph ahove shows the maximum Jength of tim, rs can safely remain underwater al vatious depibs According tothe graph, which ofthe following best, “aporoximates the woop the maxim Fenath of ie divers can safely remain ata depth of (A) 20 minutes 100 minutes (B) mines — 25 minutes (©) 50 minutes © eine lo eantes (E100 minutes 24, In the x»-plane, the origin is the midpoing of has coordinates (2.3), ‘what seament AB, isthe gs ol () 3 midpoint forraula for “x” = Xt Xe (D) 2 a © 3 Atk -9 © - cross multipl ‘aexeo F 3 a a xe-d or dust TRANSLATE +o a diagram. 24 X" of the midpoint 28.@ xo == 62 0. which of the following products, must be positive? (A) (x= D(e~6) (B) (x + Y(e +6) ©) (x-2)(e+3) (D) (x #2)(x+3) ® (e+ 0-3) X*-X-0>O0 TRANSLATE X*=-X=6 is positive In. other ‘tgords” by Fastoring (X+2)(X-3) must be positive. GO ONTOTHE NEXT PAGE ) o aoe et oe eS 26. @ ® © o) © Cc 7 joint P (pot shown) isin the interior of ectansle D ABCD above, which of the following must be tus? AP < AB ap< Ac In length the ap< BC hypotenuse of a. AP> AC right triangle must AP> BC be“the. longest side. thousands place -3passibilities~ 4,b0r8 veds plane - 3 ee after'di ae count in Thousands wie ‘Tens place - 0: after disc ead fuumbers zed alread units placa! ~ J pessibili ia atter Pema ennek a ibilities alres prrs & Kx 2xla1e 28, When the larger of two integers is added to twice the smaller tess, the costs these When the smaller integer is subtmacted fot integer. Which ofthe following gguld-be the aer Again, just TRANSLATE ! Let 1= larger integer Let a= smaller integer A+ an=ad-a ta + A+aas al aA By oO () 20 © Bast TRANSLATE back into English. The larger integer isa mulfiple of 3. GO ONTOTHE NEXT PAGE > oO 40000 (/ Directions for Student-Produced Response Questions 40000 4 Each of the remaining 10 questions requires you fo solve the problem and enter your answer by marking the circles in the special grid, as shown in the examples below. You may use any available Space for scratch work. 1 2 Answer: 201 Answer: 5 Answer 2.5 ihr pean ee, inores 2 21.15 2)0)1}/2)/0) 1 Fraction |S allo felle) & af te” lBlelok oxime [alBlBlal falBlBlo @|@/@ @/@l@] point a gle @Q/Q ) |Q1Q| QIQ|Q1Q) @ 3 Q Qe 8 QQ|@|® @|8|/9 @ @/2/2 ovtin +4 [9919] a/ola/s [3 | a 5 S1Ola gi) BIBER) @/O/O|0 G1O|O/O in ny clumps Derang B/a|lo alalala (Galina iment ted ab DO|O|®© [o}fO} {0} blank. «Mark no more than one cic in any column, Decimal Answers If ‘i © Because the answer sheet will be machit scored, you will receive credit only ifthe are filled in correctly. ‘Although not required, itis suggested that you ‘write your answer in the boxes atthe top oF the columns to help you fill in the circles aceur Some problems may have more than one correct answer. In such cases, grid only one answer. © No question has a negative answer Mixed numbers such as 35 must be gridded as 3.50r7/2. 0 Pt gridded, is will be Gop tas, an answer such 2s 0.6666, ‘your result as .666 oF 667. A less a ‘such as .66 or .67 will be scored Acceptable ways to grid 3 are: | but it must id. For example, if you obtain ‘you should record curate value incorrect. JOOO O@E 217 2161616 61617 2a lalallala Soleo aise aioli (Sisisis| esisi3 Q9/@| [9/99] |OQ|9/a|o als) ess) Ese 2,5,1Lab, 29, aihesequcnse axe the Gist send each cn js Lmore than twice the preceding term, Mie bee? dust TRANSLATE | tae a2arl=23 b 2A faiths 4btte4T Answer: 47 Answer: 7 26 For a children’s party, Livia purchased one coloring book ‘and one box of cravons for every Achlsaa Each coloring hook cox $2.00 and gach bos ‘ofcravons cost $3.00, If Livia spent total of $27.00, on these purchases, then she bought crayons and for how shany z dren? ‘solorine beaks Just TRANSLATE Let C= qunier of Children. Aer a(S)=2: = Cras * 3e =iT os GO ONTO THE NEXT PAGE > Zuo eG 5. what isthe value of Notice the relarionshi between the given a. the “asked-For.” X-$56 i+ Xe ee 7 Answer: 7 ve 32, The shaded figure above consists equilateral triangles @ihe square ength 6, whay is thefperimete The peRiMeter of the shaded ic of snus and fae of ee 2 4ooou4 33, White givin back w alles ion the highway and dis aLanassnes soe ores gerfoul orth ess housd Finally she deltihe highway and dro an average speed in bales pero tebe howe formula: Total Distance Total Time. iGomattes Aye =sa.5 © miles Answer: 52.5 Zod, Note: Figure not drawn to scale, 3M. Inthe re above, @yK = KL, g@=b, d =e, and is the value oLx? ~ Entriangle (The sum of the measures oF Figure consists of eight sides 7 : $rbre the egai lateral Viangls. | he "IS sga*"" ine Bxb=48 Tn triangle JRL 40+22=1380 Anawer: 48 onc +heorer> es =40 Jatrar=lio Alors) = a Using ie heaseaere nara a oes XS eA X=NO GO ONTO THE NEXT PAGE > guations. Answer: 10 -27- Dm 35, In the xy-plane above, the graphs of y= 1. 12 intersect. as shown, Whats the yale Y=kx™ A point ane Sar =hx™ is (al) 36. On the pumber line above, the tick marks are gqually spies WDi20 wha s hegaueols’ Distance between paints Can be expressed with ee on. —xX=4x- i xt “aR axe" 5x20 X(ax-S)=O 2x-5=0 +5 +5 AXA BR. a 2 ad +X Re Answer:3- ord.s 40000 4 37. The greg of one face of a rectangular solid is 120 square inches, and the area of another fave of the same sol is 110 square inches phe length. in inches. of each edge of the solid js an intew ‘gne possible volume. in ofa Ti Area of rectangle= N + “, length x wid h eo Te Tf area = 120, dimensions could he JoxId I area. = 110, dimensions could be loxll Therefore, Volume = length x width x height = Ax 1oxu=13 Also 240 and bLOO Answers! /320,2040,6b00 238. A bowl contains a total of 200 marbles, of which 100 afe ted and 100 are blue Pho marbles ase added, andQPyo blve marbles are eemoved, how many marbles should be removed so that the probability of raving a blue marble at random from the bowl Let J.= number of red marbles removed at ae 10. 0- i Gross multiply, simp try 500-52 = 200-20 200 +52 F200 +r5R tsax Answer: 75 STOP Ifyou finish before time is called, you may check your work on this section only. Do not turn to any other section in the test. NO TEST MATERIAL ON THIS PAGE E19. b =5 285 SECTION 5 ‘Time — 30 minutes 39 Questions (1-39) Directions: For each question in this section, select the best answer from among the choices given and fill in the corresponding citele on the answer sheet ‘The following sentences test correctness and effectiveness of expression. Part of each sentence or the entire sentence is underlined; beneath each sentence are five ways of phrasing the underlined material, Choice A repeats the original phrasing; the other four choices are different. IF you think the original phrasing produces a better sentence than any ofthe alternatives, select choice Az if not, select ‘one of the other choices. In making your selection, follow the requirements of standard written English: that is, pay attention to grammar, choice of words, sentence construction, and punctuation. Your selection should result in the most effective sentence—clear and precise, without awkwardness or ambiguity. EXAMPLE: Laura Ingalls Wilder published her first book old and she was sixty-five years old then when she was sixty-five at age sixty-five years old upon the reaching of sixty-five years atthe time when she was sixty-five O@Oe 1. The fans of Kenyan runner Catherine Nderebs nicknamed her to be Catherine the Great because she is one of the most successful female marathoners in history. (A) Ndereba nicknamed her t-b> i Se md har aap SC idereba nicknamed her (D) Néereba, they nicknamed her to be redundant subj et ©) Needs, icknuming herparticiple, WOT a. verb t “306 (Gy stemng they have begun te study of B+ Bilets oF partieipial plarasest 2. According to scientific theory, the gravitational force of black holes is so powerful that itp in surrounding stars that it pulls @ teria itis (C) emditcould pull@armge in rmeanin (D) for thermo pulllach aPagreementt + ©) 00, (BB+ iS Fragmented ideas 3. In recent years, Psmall numberof social scents who have begun to stuy fame, ranking it among other personal goals, measuring its psychological effects, and characterizing its seekers. (A) sciendists who have begun io sudyetative Clause (B) sciemists beginning the study of © scientists have begun to study {D) scientists, having begun studying ‘edundant bject 4. When Spain officially enfered te American Revolution by them declaring war on Great Brit Louisiana's govemor Don Bernardo de Galvez demanded the surtenderof British forts along the Mississippi River. (A). Revolution by thera declaring Revolution by declaring (C) Revolution, thermdecl: i (D) Revoluion a decarng OAS CES ton. (©) Revolution itdesed Foret ian a (AxOgarunds “Ore SP mee demand possessive Pronouns ‘b GO ONTO THE NEXT PAGE > 5@ 5. Recent genetic research may help explain sweets craved by some people more than oO 2 ico Ohl janction “Alhbush Dorothy Parker is best known for her poetry fiat stones which ets eras pola 4 mskapeces wie ofthe 1920s, envi salsa done others 1a $S1VE {R) emsciacnenteczs weia meme ERE (4) sreconeling waraine dons tng} ea they are by others do some people crave sweets more than othe some people crave sweets more than others do 8 6, temas a dim, old-fashioned chamber covered with dust, shrouded in cobvwebygjt vas crowded with antiques (8) tas cowed wth anges GOPUEA (B) swith antiques crowding it (c) 8 the Army Corps of Engineers completely reversed the river's direction so that it flowed toward the Mississippi River. 9 completely reversed (B) has completely reversed incorrect tense (© completely reversing (D) will completely reverse |NCOrrect terse {6 avin compels evened 1 (C+E) participles, WOT verbs. and crowded with antiques ber ineorrens-(B) dutscreenviting was also done by Spe cs eet at yd and it was crowded with ‘vig pa and antiques crowded it \ paral jor. having also been a screenwriter cortpar. she was also a sereenwiter (E) some people who crave sweets more than other arate Ibe she was also a screenwriter nee Conjunction. 9, Readers and erties were astonished By the novel Love in the Time of Choleregjt represented 2 radical departure from Gabriel Gareta Mrquez’ earlier work (A) itrepresented (B) twas represent (D) this represents (E) and representingdan (AR*D) Comma. 5| eee ciple. ithem China: historical documents indicate them living on the banks of the Yellow River three thousand years ago. (A) indicate them ting Qarearead der (B) indicating that they iceparriciph leNore Verb 9 indicate that they lived (D) indicate them to have livedat ol (E) indicate they have lived pameana eer GO ONTOTHE NEXT PAGE > 11. When she moved to New York, the Native American storyteller Te Ata wanted to perform before new audiences, particularly ones with little previous exposure to Native American culture cones with 2 ifomehad lack, oF agrecrent (C) vith quotas @) vin phrases oF, (©) havind "Todification. 12, Room 411 at the Pera Palace Hotel is now named for the British mystery writer Agatha Christi where she ofien stayed on her visits to Istanbul, Turks (A) which is where she offen stayed (B) where she had often stayed © sho often stayed there (D) having stayed there often « Cac dambigueus phrases of mo. 13, Before putting clothes into the washing machine, they should first be sorted into whites and colors. (A) putting clothes SV deanglinne (C) clothes beine-pet ras @: © ccloties are put - (E) clothes were put jNCorve+ Tarse )_she hadofien stayed there 2O PLUME SPli ce, od Fcation. singular 14. Many people believe that cure ents on fos fuels poses a threat not only to the envigonment but. also threaten the country’s economic wellbeing. (A) also threaten (B) also threatens: " © aweParalle) construction (D) are also testing () isalsoa threat to TEESE sas Dickens’ novels and hon cy BALaasathy i he tnagres ment © iis demonstrated by the fact that Dar tclly demonstrated ath : {D) were in fact demonstrated insof spwordiness {canbe demstrwed by the facto (ero) incarrect tense too 6. The Komodo drogon, aol. ooded anim. asks ithe te al bay epee (A) a cold-blooded animal, basks in the sun to raise (B) cold-blooded animal, it basks in the sun to nise its Ved urcdant Subject (©) which isa cold-blooded animal. basking inthe suntonise its Fragment {D) being a cold-blooded afimal. Basks inthe sun to raise their © being a cold-blooded animal, basks in the sun vo nse is, (eedlocks af pronoun sakes se) agreement “32 GO ONTO THE NEXT PAGE > 17. Comprising eighteen self-contained but interconnected, 19. The city’s zon ‘ommission has met several times Sonics Lovise Enesh won the National Book Cris to discuss the paring garage propos, which many rol Avan for her novel Love Meine i 198 tnembers publicly support but didnt yet make a final decision, (A) Louise Enitich won the National Book Critics Circle Award for her novel Love Medicine (A) did not yet makeingorrect tense. Louise Endrich’s pove] Love Medicine won the (B) have not yet made)lack oF National Book Critics Circle Award 1) tune veto mkeSubject-verb aqreerterct (C) the National Book Critics Circle Award was given ‘has not yet made {0 Louise Erdrich for her novel Lave Medicine (E) hningsetjermkanbiguous medification (D) they gave Louise Erdrich the National Book Crities Cirele Award for her novel Love 20, Asteroids are difficult for astronomers to spot. they Medicine move more rapidly than other celestial bodies and are (E) the novel Love Medicine, which won Louise fainter than other objects in space. Erdrich the National Book Criies Circle Awar : G.eesddanaling aloe le Avarrag Ment (9) 10 spor, hey move COMMA SPlice o iC adengling participial construction.“ G insp: sey move Christopher Marlowe or Mary Herbert were the trie (6) losucitbecmse they moveineorr, punctuation authors of the works sttibuted to Shakespeare 1D) spain hem, due mo Paabiguous Fee modifivarion. (A) wsrethe trveguthors, (B) are the trve authors (C) were truly the author vas the true author CE) was eal the puthors : (D either. ..0r..d ersands sind subyect-verb agreemen: i GO ONTOTHE NEXT PAGE ) grammar and usage errors. Each sentence contains either than one error. The error, if there is one, is underlined. and lettered. Ifthe sentence contains an error, select the ‘one underlined part that must be changed to make the sentence correct. Ifthe written Er EXAMPLE: ‘The other delegates and him immediately a BG accepted the resolution drafted D neutral states, No error E a single error or no error at all, No sentence contains more lence is correct, select choive E. In choosing answers, follow the requirements of standard |. Although deserts have a reputation for barsenness, A FEES secs spon s vrety tetera including animals that contol body temperature by c D staying hidden during daylight hours. No error E . What is usually eatled the flower of a sunflower plant i ised oF is scaly heed Soma punrous Howes B crowded together. No error 3. The union Marathon running is so physically. demanding ame elite runners often recuperate after a race by taking c a two- or three-week break, di hich they do ot run at all, No error E J. Atihe cost of a nickel a ride, the firs roller coaster at x Coney Island amusement park its Fifteen 3 hunde-llarcons gc ae days, No error that robots designed to perform simple mechanical tasks are Noerror E re effective than those as criticized the company’s officers S for engagin B in what it says are unfair labor practices: in response, the managers claim that the demands of C D the union are unreasonable. No error GO ONTO THE NEXT PAGE > 27. After all four reviewers had voted toaccept the article a for publication, recommending only a few minor revisions. the cid? Mees A autor of te D collective decision. No error E 28, ‘The survey she ‘that nationwide there are more ble ot anal sub leant college graduates this year BRA RE OT os caioual job marten vary considerably. No error Dd E [AS microprocessors become increas a B fast and powerful, cell phones can perform tasks that only c a few years pd REPRESS impossible. Nocrtor “oO 30. presumed ABEEDe sine uni96s, wen eee cc amearthquake caused it to erupt, Arenal Volcano c is now the most active volcano in Costa Rica cabaret Noerror E “356 singular, antecedent e-cmulis the largest bird native to Australia and, A with a eight thet can exe B a. ea i ti a tier Pent nc six feet, the second Noerror 32. Many animals that are alleged to have mind-rea a capabilities aewally rely not on mental telepathy but B fo ancy signa i huis na O Noesror éorrect idiom E 33. Contributing to such publications as Life and Ladies’ er Home Journal, Esther Bubley was one of only a few B ere ose wee wre stew pom cone estan Rhasagesp lige Cc oun- noun aq reement magazines. NO Sar E 34. ‘The health benefits of engi its OF thonsthe health, penetlls.g exerci Re that fs interise... E GO ONTO THE NEXT PAGE > Cc 5@ — 5 oo 5e5 Directions: ‘The follow essay. Some parts of the pa massage is an early draft of an need to be rewritten. Read the passage and select the best answers for the «questions that follow. Some questions are about particular Sentences of parts of sentences and ask you to improve Sentence structure of word choice. Other questions ask you to consider organization and development. In choosing answers, follow the requirements of standard written English ‘Questions 35-39 refer to the following passage. (1) Lam proud to call myself a bievele commuter 2).Last year, I decided to drag my old bike out of the ‘garage, (3) The reason was my frustration with the taflic ‘congestion on my drive to work. (4) My original goal was, Simply to see whether biking might be faster than driving ) Not only did f confirm this, but as time went on F also began to feap some unexpected benetits from my new activity (6) Before very long, biking had jmproved my healt my mood, and even my social Iife, (7) I didn’t feel these effects immediately, though. (8) Since I was accustomed neither to vigorous exercise nor to na busy roads on abicycle. st fel (9) Within 3 Meck threore [ound hat the trek had become not oly ‘much easier but actually quite fun. (10) | would arrive at work with a huge grin on my face, exhilarated by my brisk ride pasta line of stagnant ears. (11) Lalso find that Tam) getting stronger. (12) The regular exercise made me feel ‘confident and energized, and I even slept better at night. (13) In addition, [developed a new cixcle of fiends after ‘meeting other bike commuters at a local eycling shop. (14) Together with my fellow cyclists, I've been belping to alleviate traffic jams on our streets and zeduce. the exhaust fumes that pollute our at (as) With less pollution and traffic congestion, everyone in our town enjoys a cleaner, less stressful environment. 35. Incontest, of the following would be the, to revise and combine sentences 2.and 3 ——————————— slow) Last year, [decided to drag my old bike out of the garage. The reason was my frustration with the traffic congestion on my drive to work. (A) Last year, pessawag I decided to drag my old bike cout ofthe garage because I was frustrated with the traffic eongestion on my drive to work Last year, after becoming frustrated with the traffic congestion on my drive to work, I decided to drag my old bike out of the garage. ) Prespeesious-saael had become so frustrated with the TaTTe congestion on my drive to work that Tdecided to drag my old bike out of the garage. (D) sag last year, out of frustration with the trafic “Fongestion on my drive to work, I decided to diag my old bike out ofthe (E) Bocauss-of this feastatiosvith the traffic congestioT oy drive to work, I decided last year that | would drag my old bike out ofthe ac. Se erate fates eme MNO SHANE effectivel Sarre oe “his” ja semense Sy FeprOTICE De) ? [Not onty did. Jconfion this, bu as time went on Jalsa, Tegan to reap some unexpected benefis from my new. etivity, (A) aay-suspicions about motorists (B) the predietion-of the bike commuters (C) whatthay hadtokbmeatworle really was faster that SRP EL Ta ehreasea i inthe 37. dco Ger SHOT ie following would bestreplay “thereforein-senience 9 (reproduced below Vthin aweek, therefore, found that the trek had become.not only much easier but actually quite fu however &B) for instance (C) itseems: (D) of course (E) moreover a piiguevenas atransitional wore si apm Is ey 2 osite idea to th Saedin Serttence 2 GO ONTO THE NEXT PAGE > 38. Incontext, which is the best way to deal with 39. Ln context, where should the following sentence b sentence LL (reproduced Below) faced mee also find that Fam getting stronger. Another unexpected benefit involved something that Thad never really given muich thought to before: conibuiing 10 the good of the community (A) Leave it as itis (B) Add “Inexplicably,” to the beginning of the sentence (A) Immediately before sentence § (©) Change “also” to “even” (B) Immediately before sentence 9 © Change dt Fa ond awa {C) Immediately before sentence 11 AB), Change “am getting” to “have suddenly become” Immediately before sentence 1 (D) Past tense matches thetense —(E) Immediately before sentence 15 of other verbs in. the Passage. STOP If you finish before time is called, you may check your work on this section only. Do not turn to any other section in the test. -3T NO TEST MATERIAL ON THIS PAGE NO TEST MATERIAL ON THIS PAGE