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Robotic Drive

trains Systems
BY: ERICA & DUSTIN
OCTOBER 6TH/2015

Direct drive systems:

have one motor for each motive device on the robot. There is no
energy transference system, as the motor is directly connected.

denoting or relating to mechanical


parts driven directly by a motor,
without a belt or other device to
transmit power.
Each motive device on the robot has
its own motor.
Example; A conventional motor has
direct drive.

Advantages of Belt Drive:

Belt drives are simple are economical.

They dont require Parallel shafts.

Belts drives are provided with overload and jam protection.

Noise and vibration are damped out. Machinery life is increased


because load fluctuations are shock-absorbed.

They are lubrication-free. They require less maintenance cost.

Belt drives are highly efficient in use (up to 98%, usually 95%).

They are very economical, when distance between shafts is very


large.

Belt Drive:

uses wheels with a groove on the edge. Belts fit into the groove
and friction turns the belt when the pulley is rotated (some belts
have teeth that fit into lateral grooves in the wheel). Typically,
two wheels are connected by a belt in this fashion. One wheel is
connected to the drive motor and the second wheel is attached
to the axle. The mechanical advantage results from the ratio of
the different diameters of the wheels.

a mechanism in which power is


transmitted by a continuous
flexible belt.
Using the grooves in the belt
with the belt sprocket it is
moving because the groves are
moving with it. Making the
engine move/run.

Chain Drive:

are similar to belt drives. The difference lies in the use of a


sprocket (toothed wheel) instead of grooved wheel and the use of
a chain instead of a belt. As in the belt drive two wheels are
connected by a chain, and the mechanical advantage results
from the ratio of the different diameters or the ratio of the
different numbers of teeth on the sprockets.

a mechanism in which power is


transmitted from an engine, typically
to the wheels of a vehicle or a boat's
propeller, by means of a moving
endless chain.
The chain continuously goes around
and around using the chain and the
sprocket. It is in a continuous
motion. Making it move/run.
This is used in the rear end of
vehicles which makes the axel and
wheels turn.

Geared Drives:

are similar again, using teethed wheels, but direct connection


between the wheels occurs. The mechanical advantage is
calculated from the ratio of the different numbers of teeth on the
gears.

a toothed wheel that engages with another toothed wheel or with


a rack in order to change the speed or direction of transmitted
motion

a mechanism for transmitting motion by gears, esp. for a specific


purpose

The gears are all connected And continuously moving with the
teeth of the gears. Making it move/run.