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Chapter 5: The Air

Around Us.
Form 1
CONTENTS.

 5.1 The composition of air.


 5.2 The properties of oxygen and carbon dioxide.
 5.3 Oxygen is needed for respiration.
 5.5 Air pollution.
 5.6 The importance of keeping the air clean.

5.1 The Composition of Air.
Air is colorless.
Wind is a moving air.

Ø

Air is a mixture.
Air contain various type of element
such as OXYGEN and NITROGEN.
Other elements are:
ØArgon
ØXenon
ØNeon
ØKrypton
ØHelium

Comparison Between Oxygen
and Carbon Dioxide.
Oxygen
 Carbon Dioxide

 Soluble in water.  Soluble in water.


 Not soluble.  Very soluble.
 Support burning.  Does not support burning.
 Oxygen is a natural gas.  It is an acidic gas.
 Lime water do not change  Lime water turn chalky.
colour.  Change the colour of the
 Do not effect the indicator from red to
bicarbonate indicator. yellow.


5.3 Oxygen is needed for
respiration.
Inhaled air Exhaled air

Oxygen 21 % 16 %

Carbon Dioxide 0.03 % 4%

Nitrogen 78 % 78 %

Water Vapour Less More


5.5 Air Pollution
Air Pollution Source Effect
Smoke particles and Cigarette smoke Haze

Soot.
Dust. Forest fire
Construction sites. Breathing difficulties.
Lung cancer,
Cement plants.
Carbon Monoxide. Cigarette smoke. coughing, and and
Causes tiredness
Sulphur dioxide Smoke from
Burning motor
of coal. asthma.
many
Damagemore.
the lung cell.
Chlorofluorocarbon(C vehicle.
Aerosol spray. Kills plants.
Damage the ozone
FC)
Oxide of nitrogen Electronic factories.
Smoke from motor layer.
Form acid rain.
vehicle.
Some of the step to control
the pollution.

The of smoking must be stopped.


Motorist should use unleaded petrol.
Factories should filter the smoke
before it release it.
The End