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BEAM DEFLECTION FORMULAE

BEAM TYPE

SLOPE AT FREE END

DEFLECTION AT ANY SECTION IN TERMS OF x

MAXIMUM DEFLECTION

1.

Cantilever Beam – Concentrated load P at the free end

 
θ= Pl 2 2 EI   y = Px 6 EI 2 ( 3 l

θ=

Pl

2

2

EI

 

y

=

Px

6 EI

2

(

3

l

x

)

 

δ

max

=

Pl

3

3

EI

 

2.

Cantilever Beam – Concentrated load P at any point

 
  Pa 2   y = 2 Px 6 EI ( 3 a − x
 

Pa

2

 

y

=

2

Px

6

EI

(

3

a

x

)

for

 

0

<

x

<

a

 

Pa

2

 

θ=

2

EI

y

=

2

Pa

6

EI

(

3

x

a

)

for

a

<

x

<

l

δ

max

=

6 EI

(

3 l

a

)

3.

Cantilever Beam – Uniformly distributed load ω (N/m)

 
θ= ω 6 l 3 EI   y = ω 2 x 24 EI (

θ=

ω

6

l

3

EI

 

y

=

ω

2

x

24 EI

(

x

2

+

6

l

2

4

lx

)

 

δ

max

=

4

l

ω

8

EI

 

4.

Cantilever Beam – Uniformly varying load: Maximum intensity ω o (N/m)

 
  ω l 3   ω x 2 3   2 2 3   ω
 

ω

l

3

 

ω x

2

3

 

2

2

3

 

ω l

4

 

θ=

o

24 EI

y

=

o

120

lEI

(

10

l

 

10

l

x

+

5

lx

 

x

)

 

δ

max

=

o

30 EI

 

5.

Cantilever Beam – Couple moment M at the free end

 
θ= Ml EI   y =   2 Mx 2 EI     δ max

θ=

Ml

EI

 

y =

 

2

Mx

2 EI

   

δ

max

=

2

Ml

2

EI

 

BEAM DEFLECTION FORMULAS

BEAM TYPE

SLOPE AT ENDS

DEFLECTION AT ANY SECTION IN TERMS OF x

 

MAXIMUM AND CENTER DEFLECTION

6.

Beam Simply Supported at Ends – Concentrated load P at the center

 
Pl 2   = Px ⎛ 3 l 2 − 2 ⎞   for 0

Pl

2

 

=

Px

3

l

2

2

 

for

0

<

<

l

   

Pl

3

 

θ=θ =

1

2

16

EI

 

y

12

EI

4

x

   

x

 

2

 

δ

max

=

48 EI

 

7.

Beam Simply Supported at Ends – Concentrated load P at any point

 
     

Pbx

2

2

2

)

         
θ= 1 ( Pb l 6 2 − lEI b 2 ) ( l y

θ=

1

(

Pb l

6

2

lEI

b

2

)

(

l

y x

=

6

lEI

Pb

l

b

for

0

<

x

<

a

δ

max

=

Pb

(

l

2

b

2

) 3 2

9 3 lEI
9
3 lEI

at

x =

( 2 2 l −b ) 3
(
2
2
l
−b
)
3

θ =

2

Pab

(2

l

6

lEI

b

)

y

= (

6 lEI

⎢ ⎣

b

x

a

)

3

+

(

l

2

b

2

)

x

x

3

⎥ ⎦

δ=

Pb

(

3

l

2

4

b

2

)

at the center, if

a > b

   

for

a

<

x

<

l

48 EI

 

8.

Beam Simply Supported at Ends – Uniformly distributed load ω (N/m)

 
ω l 3     ω x ( 3   2 3 )    

ω

l

3

   

ω

x

(

3

 

2

3

)

   

5

ω l

4

θ=θ =

 

y

=

l

2

lx

 

+

x

 

δ

=

 

1

2

24

EI

 

24 EI

   

max

384 EI

 

9.

Beam Simply Supported at Ends – Couple moment M at the right end

 
       

Ml

2

l

  θ= 1 Ml     M lx ⎛ 2 ⎞     δ max
 

θ=

1

Ml

   

Mlx

2

   

δ

max

=

9 3 EI
9
3 EI

at

x =

3
3
 

6

EI

1

x

 
 

θ =

2

Ml

3

EI

y =

6 EI

 

l

2

 

δ =

Ml

2

16 EI

at the center

 

10. Beam Simply Supported at Ends – Uniformly varying load: Maximum intensity ω o (N/m)

 
  7 ω l 3     ω l 4
 

7 ω l

3

   

ω l

4

θ=

o

 

δ

= 0.00652

 

o

at x = 0.519l

1

360 EI

ω l

3

 

y

=

ω x

o

360

lEI

(

7

l

4

10

l

2

2

x

+

3

x

4

)

 

max

ω l

4

EI

θ =

2

o

45 EI

   

δ = 0.00651

o

EI

at the center