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Ratios, Rates and Proportions I, II

The ratio of the number of red marbles to the number of white marbles is 5 : 7. The total number of the
marbles is 288. Calculate the difference between the number of white and red marbles.
A.

24

C.

120

B.

48

D.

168
[2004, No.29]

In a Mathematics class, every student is asked to draw PQR. Amirul draws PQR such that the ratio of
P : Q : R is 6 : 2 : 7. Lina draws PQR such that the ratio of P : Q : R is 3 : 2 : 5. Find
the difference in size between Q drawn by Lina and Q drawn by Amirul.
A.

C.

18

B.

12

D.

36
[2004, No.31]

Iqram drives from town P to town Q. The distance between P and Q is 360 km. He leaves P at 0930 hours
and arrives at Q at 1330 hours, on the same day. Iqram takes 1 hour longer to return from Q to P.
Calculate the average speed, in km/h, of his return journey from Q to P.
A.

40

C.

80

B.

72

D.

90
[2004, No.36]

Given that x : y = 2 : 7, calculate the value of x if y = 28.


A.

C.

B.

D.

9
[2005, No.31]

The ratio of books owned by Ahmad to the books owned by Bobby is 2 : 5. The ratio of books owned by
Bobby to the books owned by Chong is 3 : 1. Find the ratio of books that Ahmad, Bobby and Chong own.
A.

2 : 8 : 1

C.

6 : 15 : 5

B.

5 : 8 : 6

D.

10 : 15 : 3
[2005, No.35]

The diagram shows three packs of peanuts, P, Q and R. Each pack has a different mass and a difference
price.

Alisa calculated the price per gram for each pack. Which of the following statements is true ?
A.

P is cheaper than Q

C.

Q is cheaper than P

B.

Q is cheaper that R

D.

R is cheaper than Q
[2005, No.37]

The distance from Bangi to Melaka is 140 km. A bus leaves Bangi at 0830 hour. Its average speed is
80 kmh1. At what time, in the 24-hour system, does bus arrive in Melaka ?
A.

0915

C.

1005

B.

0935

D.

1015
[2005, No.39]