Sei sulla pagina 1di 12

PRACTICA N1

Problema 1:

B1 = 30m
B3=30m
h1 =?
h3=?
e1 = 0
e3=0.90m
H1-2 = 0.05kg-m/kg

B2=30m
h2=0.90m
e2=1.40m
H2-3=0.05kg-m/kg

En I: subcrtico

NF1

En II: crtico

NF=1

En III: Supercrtico

Vc
ghc

NF1

Si en II es CRTICO, entonces: hc = h2

De flujo critico 1=

Vc
ghc

1=

Vc
(10)(0.90)

h2=0.90m

Vc=3m/s= V2

Q=VA= V2 A2=(3)(30)(0.90)

q2=

81
30

Q=81m3/s

q2=2.7m2/s

Emin= E2

Si h2 =hc

Emin= hc +

Vc 2
2g

H1= z1

p1 1V12

g
2g

E1= h1

1V12
2g

(1.10)(3)2
= 2(10)

= z1 h1

1V12
2g

E2=1.395kg-m/kg

pero:

z1=0

H1= E1

H2= z2 h2

H1- H1-2= H2
E1-0.05= H2

2V22
2g

H2= e2+ E2

H2=1.40+1.395=2.795 kg-m/kg
E1-0.05= H2
E1-0.05=2.795
V2
E1= h1 21 g1

= h1

(q)12
2

2gh1

E1= H1=2.845 kg-m/kg

2.845= h1

(1.10)(2.7)2

Q1

h1=2.80m

2(10)

81

V1= A = (30)(2.80)
1

V1=0.964 m/s

3V32
H3= z3 h3
2g

H2- H2-3= H3

3q32
H3= (e2 e3 ) h3
2gh32

2.795-0.05= H3

2.745= 0.5 h3

H3=2.745 kg-m/kg

(1.10)(2.7)2

H3=0.420m

Q3

V3= A

Problema 2:

81

V3= (30)(0.420)

V3=6.429 m/s

2(10)(h32 )

B1 = 2.80m
B3=2.80m
h1 =1.15m
h3=?
e1 = 0
H1-2 = 0.05kg-m/kg
Q=6.210m3/S

B2=2.80m
h2=0.90m
e2=0.325m
H2-3=0.05kg-m/kg

A1= (b+zh) h= (2.80+0.15)1.15=3.39m2

Q1

V1 = A =
1
Q1

q1= T =
1

6.210
3.39

V1=1.83 m/s

6.210
3.10

H1= z1 h1

H1= 1.15

1V12
2g

q1=2.003m2/s

pero:

(1.20)(1.83)2
2(10)

H2=H1-H1-2 = 1.35-0.05

z1=0

H2= 1.3 kg-m/kg

Q2

q2= T =
2

6.210
2.80

V2
H2= z2 h2 22 g2

= h2

(q)22
2gh2

h2

(1.20)(2.218)2
2(10)(h22 )

h2=1.01m

Q2

6.210

V2 = A = (1.01)(2.80)

V2=2.20 m/s

H2- H2-3= H3

1.3-0.05=1.25= H3

3V32
H3= z3 h3
2g

H3= 0.325 h3

Q3

6.210

2(10)h3

2gh3

h3=0.53m

V3=4.18 m/s

PRACTICA N 2
Problema 1:

3q 32

(1.20)(2.2118)2

V3= A = (0.53)(2.80)
3

H3= e3 h3

B1 = 100m
B3=30m
h1 =?
e1 = 0
e3=0.90m
H1-2 = 0.00kg-m/kg
=1.20
1 =1.10

B 2=30m
h2=0.90m
e2=1.40m
H2-3=0.00kg-m/kg

h3=?
3

2 =1.30

hc: suponemos que el tramo 2 es la parte en estado critico (seccin)

hc = 0.90 m

h2 = 0.90
Vc: como critico NF = 1
N.F = V/ (gD)/

como V= Vc

Entonces:
Vc =

g (B + Zh) h
(B+2Zh)

Vc = 2.53 m/s = V2

q2= Q/ T2

q2 = (V2xA2)/ T2

Obtenemos:

q2 = v2 x (B2+Z2 x h2) h2
(B2+2Z2 x h2)

Hallamos Q =???
q2 =

Q = q2 x T2 donde: q2

(B2+Z2xh2)
T2
Q = 24.81 m/seg

h3 =????
H1 = H3
H1 = Z3 + h3 + V3
2g
2.72 = .50 + h3 + V3
2g
2.22 = h3 +

(0.65) (24.81)
(900 h3 + 60 h3 + h34)

Entonces tenemos la siguiente ecuacin:

- h35 - 57.78 h34 - 766.8 h3 + 1998 h3 - (0.65x 24.81)
Tenemos que

h3 = 0.48 m.

Hallando la V3 =??
V3 = Q/A3 = (24.81)/(B3 + Z3 x h3) h3

V3 = 1.70 m/seg

Hallamos H1 =???
H1 - H1-2 = H2
H1 = (1.40) + (1.90) + (1.30) (2.53)
2(10)
H1 = 2.72 Kg m/ Kg

Entonces por formula tenemos:

H1 = Z1 + h1+ g1
2gh1
h1 = 2.72 m

Hallando V1 =?????
V1 = Q/ (B1 x h1)

V1 = 0.91 m/seg

Luego obtenemos: H2 = H1
Tambin sabes que:

H2 = 2.72 Kg m/ Kg

H3 = H1
H3 = 2.72 Kg m/ Kg

Problema 2:
Datos N

Distancia
(m)

(m)

1
2
3
4
5

0
0.5
4.55
6.45
8.35

0.8
1.2
1.5
1.6
0.95

puntual vi
m/s
0.25
0.8
0.95
1.25
1.1

Vi(m/s) Ai(m)

Qi=Vi*Ai(m/s)

Vi

Vi

Vi*A

Vi*A

0.25

0.275

0.0563

0.0156 0.0625

0.0035

0.0141

0.80

2.857

3.0855

0.5120

1.9747

2.4684

.95

4.334

4.1177

0.8574 0.9025

3.7162

3.9118

1.25
1.10

2.862
1.057

3.5773
1.1626

1.9531 1.5625
1.3310
1.4

5.5896
1.4067

4.4717
1.2788

Coriolis Boussinesq

1.12

1.04

Entonces tenemos:

La A = 12.3350 (m).
La Q = 11.9993 (m/s).
La Vi* A = 12.6907.
La Vi* A = 12.1447.

V = Q/A = 11.9993/12.3350 = 0.973 m/s.

= Vi*A / (V*A) = 1.12
= Vi*A/ (V *A) = 1.04
Problema 3:

0.64

T1 = 3.10m
T3=2.30m =B3
h1 =1.15m
e1 = 0
e3=0.35m
H1-2 = 0.00kg-m/kg
1 =1.20
Q1

V1= A
1

V1=

A1=

T2=2.30m=B2
h2=?
e2=0
H2-3 =0.10kg-m/kg 3 =1.10
2 =1.30

2
2
T
(3.10)(1.15)=2.38m2
1 h1=
3
3

8.210
2.38

Q1

q1= T =
1

h3=?

V1= 3.45 m/s

8.210
3.10

H1= z1 h1

q1=2.65m2/s

1V12
2g

1.15

(1.20)(3.45)2
2(10)

H1=1.86kg-m/kg

Para 2:
Q2

q2= T =
2

8.210
2.30

H1- H1-2= H2

H2= z2 h2

1.86= h2

2V22
2g

q2=3.57m2/s

H1=H2=1.86kg-m/kg

H1-2=0

H2= e2 h2

(1.30)(3.57)2
2(10)(h2 )2

2q 22
2gh2

h2= 0.96 m

Q2

8.210

V2= A = (2.30)(0.96)

V2=3.72m/s

Para 3:
H2 - H2-3 = H3

q3=

8.210
2.30

T3

H2 - 0.1= H3
1.86-0.1= H3

q2=3.57m2/s

V2
H3= z3 h3 23 g3

3q 32

H3= e3 h3

1.76= 0.35 h3

Q2

2gh3

(1.10)(3.57)2

H3= 0.71 m

2(10)(h3 )2

8.210

V3= A = (2.30)(0.71)

V3=5.03m/s

NF1=
*NF1=

*NF2=

V1

D= 3 1.15=0.77

gD1
3.45
(10)(0.77)

V2
gh2

V3

H3=1.76kg-m/kg

* NF3= gh =
3

=1.24

3.72

supercritico

(10)(0.96)

=1.2 supercritico

5.03
(10)(0.71)

=1.89 supercritico

hay hc ni Vc.