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MATEMTICA II

FNIX

T R A B A J O PR C T I C O 0 1
FORMULAS BSICAS
. ( )
= (36x 2 12x + 1) dx
x3
x2
= 36 ( ) 12 ( ) + x + C
3
2
3
2
= 12x 6x + x + C
. ( + )
= 4z(z + 2)3 dz
= 4z(z 2 + 4z + 4) dz
= (4z 3 + 16z 2 + 16z) dz
z4
z3
z2
= 4 ( ) + 16 ( ) + 16 ( ) + C
4
3
2
16
= z 4 + z 3 + 8z 2 + C
3
.

= ( 3 + 3 ) d

= (31/3 + 2/3 ) d
2/3
5/3
)+(
)+C
2
5
3
3
9 2/3 3 5/3
= + +C
2
5
= 3(


u = 4x 3 8x 2 du = (12x 2 16x)dx
du
(3x 2 4x)dx =
4
du
1/2
1
1 u
)+C
= 4 = u1/2 du = (
4
4 1/2
u
1 u1/2
1
) + C = u + C
= (
4 1/2
2
=

4x 3 8x 2
+C
2

Nelson Gonzales

. ( )
u = 3 4 du = 3d
du 2
= 2 sen(u)
= sen(u) du
3
3
2
2 cos(u)
= ( cos(u)) + C =
+C
3
3
2 cos(3 4)
=
+C
3

. ( )

3
3
u = du = d
4
4
1
4 du
4
cos(u) du
= cos(u)
=
5
3
15
4
4
3
=
sen(u) + C =
sen ( ) + C
15
15
4
. .
u = sen 4 du = 4 cos 4 d
du 1
1 u4
= u3
= u3 du = ( ) + C
4
4
4 4
4
4
u
sen 4
=
+C=
+C
16
16

( )
(2x 3)2 10
10
) dx
=
dx = (1
2
(2x 3)
(2x 3)2
10
= dx
dx
(2x 3)2
u = 2x 3 du = 2dx
1 du
= dx 10 ( 2 )
= dx 5 u2 du
u 2
u1
) + C = x + 5(2x 3)1 + C
= x5(
1
5
=x+
+C
2x 3

.
u = 1 cos du = sen d
u3/2
= u du = u1/2 du =
+C
3/2
2 3
2
= u + C = (1 cos )3 + C
3
3
990 959060
799095906

MATEMTICA II


u = x 3 du = 3x 2 dx
7 3x 2 dx
7
du
=
=
6
3 5 6x
3 5 6u2
7
du
2
=
18
5 u2
6

7
=
18

1
5
[2 6

Ln

5 + u
6
5
( 6 u)]

+C

5 + 6u
6
=
Ln
+C
5 6u
365
6
[ (
)]
76

76

[Ln (

5 + 6u

)] + C
365
5 6u
730
5 + 6x 3
[Ln (
)] + C
=
180
5 6x 3
=

dt
=
2
(3t) 22
u = 3t du = 3 dt
1
du
1 1
u2
)] + C
= 2
= [ Ln (
2
3 u 2
3 4
u+2
1
u2
1
3t 2
)+C =
)+C
=
Ln (
Ln (
12
u+2
12
3t + 2



x dx
x dx
= 4
=
2
2
x 2x + 1 2
(x 2 1)2 2

u = x 2 1 du = 2x dx
1
du
1 1
u 2
)] + C
=
= [
Ln (
2
2 u2 2
2 22
u + 2
=

x 2 1 2
2
)+C
Ln (
8
x 2 1 + 2

+
u = ex du = ex dx

du
= Arctg(u) + C = Arctg(ex ) + C
1 + u2

Nelson Gonzales

FNIX

dx

1 (x 2 3x + 9)

4
4

dx
=

2
2
(1) (x 3)

2
2

3
u =x
du = dx

du
u

=
= Arcsen ( ) + C
1
2

(1) u2
2

= Arcsen(2u) + C = Arcsen(2x 3) + C

dx

41 (4x 2 + 3x + 9 )
16
16

dx

=
2

3 2
41
(

) (2x + )
4
4

u = 2x +
du = 2dx

1
du
1
u

)+C
=
= Arcsen (
2
2
2

41
(41) u2
4

1
4u

)+C
= Arcsen (
2

41

1
4
3
(2x + )) + C
= Arcsen (

2
4
41

1
8x + 3

)+C
= Arcsen (
2
41

. ( ) . ( )

x
1
x

u = Tg ( ) du = Sec 2 ( ) dx

2
2
2

u2
= 2 u du = 2 ( ) + C = u2 + C

x
1
cos x
= Tg 2 ( ) + C =
+C

2
sen x

990 959060
799095906

MATEMTICA II

+
u = a + bt 2 du = 2bt dt
1 du
1

=
=
Ln|u| + C
2b u
2b
1
=
Ln|a + bt 2 | + C
2b

( + )
+
1 (2x + 3 + 5) dx
1
5
dx
=
= dx +
2
2x + 3
2
2 2x + 3
1
5
= x + Ln|2x + 3| + C
2
4

. ( + )
u = 5x du = 5 dx
1
1
au
)+C
= (eu + au ) du = (eu +
5
5
Ln a
1
a5x
)+C
= (e5x +
5
Ln a

)
. (

u = ex 3 du =
u + 3 = ex du =

ex dx

2x
(u + 3) dx
2x
dx

du
=
u + 3 2x
u du
3
) du
=
= (1
u+3
u+3
= u 3 Ln|u + 3| + C
=

ex

3 Ln |ex

3 + 3| + C

= ex 3 3 Ln |ex | + C
= ex 3 3x + C

.
+
dx
1 cos x
)(
)
= (
1 + cos x 1 cos x
1 cos x
1 cos x
) dx = (
) dx
= (
1 cos2 x
sen2 x
cos x
) dx =
= (csc 2 x
sen2 x
cos x dx
= ctg x
sen2 x
u = sen x du = cos x dx
Nelson Gonzales

FNIX
du
1
= ctg x + + C
2
u
u
du
1
= ctg x 2 = ctg x +
+C
u
sen x
= ctg x + csc x + C
= ctg x

dx
7
x
)+C
= Arctg (
3
3
3/7
+
7

7
7x
)+C
= Arctg (
3
3

( + )

= (x 5/2 + x 3 )dx =

x 3/2 x 2
+
+C
3/2 2

2x 2 x 2
2
1
=

+C =
2+C
3
2
3x 3 2x
24. Un automvil frena con una aceleracin
constante hasta detenerse si el tiempo que dura
el frenado es de 18 seg durante los que el
automvil recorre 180 m. Hallar la aceleracin.
Vf = Vo at
0 = Vo a(18)
Vo = 18a
d=

(Vo + Vf )t
2
180 =

(Vo + 0)(18)
2
Vo = 20

Vo = 18a
20 = 18a
20
a=
= 1,111 m 2
s
18
25. La pendiente en un punto P(x,y) de una curva es:
3x+1, si esta pasa por el punto (-1,2). Dar una
ecuacin de ella.
m = 3x + 1
F(x) = (3x + 1)dx
990 959060
799095906

MATEMTICA II
3x 2
+x+C
2
La curva pasa por el punto (-1;2)
3(1)2
F(1) =
+ (1) + C
2
3
2= 1+C
2
3
C=
2
La ecuacin de la curva es:
3x 2
3
F(x) =
+x+
2
2
F(x) =

26. Una partcula se mueve en el eje x con una


aceleracin de = + (aceleracin en
funcin del tiempo) si su velocidad inicial es de
6 pies/seg. y su posicin inicial es de 44 pies,
hallar la velocidad y posicin de la partcula a los
4 seg.
t = 0seg v = 6

pies
seg ; x = 44pies

v(t) = (15t + 8)dt


3

v(t) = 10 + 8t + C
3

6 = 10(0) + 8(0) + C
C = 6
3

v(t) = 10 + 8t 6
3

v(4) = 104 + 8(4) 6


pies
v(4) = 106
seg
3

x(t) = (10 + 8t 6) dt
5

x(t) = 4t + 4t 2 6t + C
5

44 = 4(0) + 4(0)2 6(0) + C


C = 44
5

x(t) = 4t + 4t 2 6t 44
5

x(4) = 4(4) + 4(4)2 6(4) 44


x(4) = 116 pies
27. Una pelota es lanzada hacia arriba con una
velocidad de 80 pies/seg. Que altura alcanza, en
cuantos seg. volver al lanzador y con que
velocidad.

Nelson Gonzales

FNIX
Vf = Vo gt
0 = 80 (32)t
t = 2,5 seg tiempo de subida
h=

(Vo + Vf )t
2
h=

(80 + 0)(2,5)
2
h = 100pies

h = 100pies
t = 5 seg tiempo total
pies
v = 80
seg

990 959060
799095906