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Adolf Hitler - MASTER PACKET

Group Leader Directions:

1. Please rename your document with ALL group members first names and your
block with Master Packet 2 -> YOUR DICTATORS NAME.
2. You must share your document with each group member and Mrs. Babcock
( and allow for editing by all group members including
Mrs. Babcock. (click on the share button in the upper right hand corner and enter all
participants email addresses.)
Group Directions:
3. If you are using multiple sources within each box E, please make sure that YOU
4. Make sure that you are copying WORD FOR WORD from packet 1.
5. For each question, make sure that EVs 1 & 2 are 2 different pieces of
information that answer the question.
6. See the handout in Edmodo entitled Master Packet #2 Dictator Groups
Assignment Directions for additional information/directions.
Assertion 1 Idea: The Rise of Adolf Hitler
ASS 1, Q1: What was the state of Germany prior to Adolf Hitler coming to power?
Box 1 EV1:By 1923 the German mark was worthless; it took 4.2 trillion marks to make a
dollar. This disaster not only wiped out peoples savings; it also destroyed their faith in an
ordered and predictable world. Prices rose astronomically. It can be argued that the Weimar
Republic's survival for fourteen years (1919-1933) against such odds was a measure of
success. Indeed, its constitution included a bill of rights with special provisions to protect the
sanctity of marriage and the needs or the working classes. Voting rights were given to women,
the reichstag became the center of political and legislative power, and the election system
was changed to one of proportional representation rather than the simple majority system of
the kaiserreich. Also, the efforts of leaders like Gustav stresemann to solve economic
problems and cooperate with leaders of other European nations let to Germany's acceptance
by international community as a peace-loving state. The Dawes plan, named for American
banker Charles G. Dawes set up a regular payment schedule for war debts. Germany
became eligible for foreign loans to help revive the economy and thus guarantee debt
Source #: 1
Citation: Spencer, PG 75
Box 2 EV2: The Locarno Treaties, signed in Locarno, Switzerland, with france, Belgium, and
Holland, fixed the countrys western borders except for Alsace- Lorraine, returned to France
with the peace treaty. French troops left the Ruhr, and in 1926 Germany was accepted as a

member of the League of Nations. In 1928, along with fifteen other nations, Germany signed
the U.S. sponsored Kellogg-Briand Pact outlawing war as an instrument of national policy.
Internal instability rather than outside pressures or even economic problems eventually led to
the downfall of the Weimar Republic. Weimar government officials were attacked, and several
of them murdered , by Freikorps hit squads ; right- wing nationalist leaders accused those
officials of being november criminals or appeasement politicians who had engineered
Germany's defeat in the war.Under such circumstances it was probably inevitable that a new
authority figure, perhaps another Hermann pr Frederick the Great or Bismarck, would appear
to take charge of German destinies. The sudden collapse of monarchy had left nothing in its
place; the German people had no experience with the process of the accommodation of
competing interests that makes democracy possible. That world had come apart in the Great
War, and in its aftermath they were caught up in the whirl of social and economic, as well as
political, reform; without the power to carry through with the needed changes or provide the
leadership that would make their new world work. The alternative was National Socialism, with
its crude yet powerful message, articulated by as speaker who could rouse a crowd to fever
pitch and carry them unthinking toward his negative destructive goals.

Source #: 1
Citation: Spencer, PGs 76-78
Box 3 EV1: in 1930, the Nazis conducted a massive election campaign across Germany.
Hitler traveled and spoke around the country. He shook hands with voters, signed autographs,
and kissed babies. In his speeches, Hitler promised work for the unemployed, prosperity for
businesses, peace, and, most of all, a return to the past glory of Germany.

Source #: 2
Citation: Ingram, PG 56
Box 4 EV2: Early 1932, Hitler was asked to meet with brning, who wanted Hitlers support
for another seven year term for Hindenburg. Hitler refused. Instead, in February, Hitler
decided to run for president against the 84-year-old Hindenburg with the slogan, freedom and
bread. In the Presidential election, held in March 1932, Hitler received more than 11 million
votes, about 30 percent of the total. Hindenburg received almost 19 million votes, or 49
percent. Because no candidate received a majority, a runoff election was scheduled for April
10. For a month, Hitler campaigned tirelessly around the country. Hindenburg campaigned
very little. On April 19, Hitler received almost 37 percent of the vote. Hindenburg won 53
percent. Hitler had received 2 million more votes than the last time. Hindenburg had gained
fewer than one million. Hitler had lost, but the Nazis had displayed their organizational
strength and growing popularity.

Source #: 2
Citation: Ingram, Pgs 57-58
Box 5 EV1:EV: approved As political events became more chaotic, wealthy industrialists
pushed to have HItler take power. Papen, who still hoped to become a dictator, wanted to end
schleichers role in the government. On January 4, 1933, Hitler met with Papen. The two men
agreed to work together to make Hitler the chancellor, with Papen as Vice-chancellor. In early
1933, Hitler, Papen, Hindenburgs son, oskar, and Gring held a secret meeting. Hitler
convinced Oskar von Hindenburg to support him. Papen also pledged loyalty to Hitler. On
January 28, Schleicher resigned under pressure. on January 30, President Hindenburg gave
his support to Hitler as chancellor.It was about noon when Hitler was sworn into office. He was
driven down the street, cheered by thousands of Germans. Among those who cheered for
Hitler was Eva Braun, a young photographers assistant from Munich, whom Hitler had met in
1929. The two became companions for the rest of their lives. On the evening of January 30,
1933, thousands of SA and SS members stood in front of the chancellors residence. Each
man held a burning torch that flickered on the red and white Nazi Banners. Men, women, and
children waited to see the new chancellor. People listened to accounts of the event on the
radio. Finally, Hitler appeared before the adoring crowd. It is almost like a dream a fairy tale,
Joseph Goebbels wrote in his diary. The new reign of hitler and the Nazis Quickly became
known as the Third Reich.
Source #: 2
Citation: Ingram, PGs 62 and 63
Box 6 EV2: By July 1932, Hitler had enough support to run for president of Germany, though
he lost the election to Paul von Hindenburg. However, on January 30, 1933, Hindenburg
appointed Hitler as Chancellor of Germany. Within a year and a half, Hitler was able to take
over both the position of president and chancellor and combine them into one position of
supreme leader, the Fhrer. After legally gaining power in Germany, Hitler quickly began
solidifying his position by putting those that disagreed with him into concentration camps. He
created massive amounts of propaganda that strengthened German pride by blaming all their
problems on Communists and Jews.

Source #: 9
Citation: About Education

Assertion 2 Idea: DICTATORS NAMEs Maintenance of Power

ASS 2, Q1: How did Adolf Hitler improve/take steps to improve the economy?
Box 7 EV1:Once internal control was assured, Hitler began mobilizing Germany's resources
for military conquest and racial domination of the land masses of central and eastern Europe.
He put Germanys 6 million unemployed to work on a vast rearmament and building program,
coupled with a propaganda campaign to prepare the nation for war.

Source #: 4
Citation: Encyclopedia of World Biography
Box 8 EV2: Once in power, Hitler oversaw one of the greatest expansions of industrial
production ever seen. the German economy achieved near full employment and greatly
expanded its economic and industrial base. Hitler also oversaw one of the largest construction
of dozens of dams, autobahns, railroads, and other civil improvements. Hitler's health
initiatives for ethnic Germans were successful and progressive. Hitler's policies emphasised
the importance of family life: men were the breadwinners, womens priorities being church,
kitchen and children.
Source #: 10
Citation: About Nazism
Box 9 EV1:
Citation: AUTHOR, PG #
Box 10 EV2:
Citation: AUTHOR, PG #

Assertion 3: Adolf Hitlers Fall From Power

ASS 3, Q1: When did things begin to go terribly wrong for Adolf Hitler?
Box 11 EV1:EV: Under the codename Operation Barbarossa, Nazi Germany invaded the
Soviet Union on June 22, 1941, in the largest German military operation of World War 2. The
destruction of the perceived Communist threat to Germany, and the seizure of prime land
within Soviet borders for long-term German settlement had been a core policy of the Nazi
movement since the 1920s. In july 1940, just weeks after the german conquest of France and
the Low Countries, Hitler decided to attack the Soviet Union within the following year. On
December 18, 1940, he signed Directive 21 (code-named Operation Barbarossa), the first
operational order for the invasion of the Soviet Union. From the beginning of operational
planning, German military and police authorities intended to wage a war of annihilation against
the Communist state as well as the Jews of the Soviet Union, whom they characterized as the
forming the racial basis for the soviet state.During the winter and spring months of 1941,
officials of the Army High Command (Oberkommando Des Heeres-OKH) and the Reich
Security Main Office (Reichssicherheitshauptamt-RSHA) negotiated arrangements for the
deployment of special units (Einsatzgruppen) of the Security Police and the Security Service
(Sicherheitsdienst-SD) behind the front lines to physically annihilate Jews, Communists and
other persons deemed to be dangerous to the establishment of long term German rule on
Soviet territory. With 134 Divisions at full fighting strength and 73 more divisions for
deployment behind the front, German forces invaded the Soviet Union on June 22, 1941, less
than two years after the German-Soviet Pact was signed. Three army groups, including more
than three million German soldiers, supported by 650,000 troops from Germanys allies
(Finland and Romania), and later augmented by units from Italy, Croatia, Slovakia and
Hungary, attacked the Soviet Union across a broad front, from the western powers of the
German troop buildup along its western border. Germany and its Axis partners thus achieved
almost complete tactical surprise. Much of the existing Soviet air force was destroyed on the
ground; the Soviet armies were initially overwhelmed. German units encircled millions of
Soviet soldiers, who, cut off from supplies and reinforcements, had few options other than to
surrender. As the German army advanced deep into Soviet territory, SS and police units
followed the troops. The first to arrive were the Einsatzgruppen of the Security Police and the
SD, Which the RSHA tasked with Identifying and eliminating persons who might organize and
implement resistance to the German occupation forces, identifying and concentrating groups
of people who were hostile to German rule in the East, establishing intelligence networks,
and securing key documentation and facilities. Often known as mobile killing units, the
Einsatzgruppen initiated mass-murder operations, primarily against Jewish males, officials of
the Communist Party and State and Soviet Roma, and, often with assistance from German
Army personnel, established ghettos and other holding facilities to concentrate large numbers
of Soviet Jews. Beginning in late July with the arrival of Himmlers representatives, the Higher
SS and Police Leaders and significant reinforcement, the SS and police, supported by locally

recruited auxiliares, began to physically annihilate entire Jewish communities in the Soviet
Union.Success both on the military front and in the Soviet Jews contributed to Hitler's decision
to deport German Jews to the occupied Soviet Jews beginning on October 15, 1941, initiating
what would become Final Solution policy: the physical annihilation of the European Jews.
Despite catastrophic losses in the first six weeks of the war, the Soviet Union failed to collapse
as anticipated by the Nazi leadership and the German military commanders. In mid-August
1941, Soviet resistance stiffened, knocking the Germans off of their unrealistic timetable.
Nevertheless, by late september 1941, German forces reached the gates of leningrad in the
north. They took Smolensk in the center and Dnepropetrovsk (Dnipropetrovsk) in Ukraine.
They spilled into the Crimean Peninsula in the south. German units reached the outskirts of
Moscow in early December. Yet after months or campaigning, the German army was
exhausted. Having expected a rapid Soviet collapse, German planners had failed to equip
their troops for winter warfare. Expecting their military personnel to live off the land of a
conquered Soviet Union at the expense of the indigenous population, which in German
calculations, would starve to death in the millions, German planners had failed to provide
sufficient food and medicines. worse still, German troops, advancing rapidly, outran their
supply lines, rendering thinly defended flanks vulnerable to Soviet counterattack along the
1,000 mile stretch from Berlin to Moscow. On December 6, 1941, the Soviet Union launched a
major counterattack against the center of the front, driving the Germans back from Moscow in
chaos. Only weeks later were the Germans able to stabilize the front east of Smolensk. In the
summer of 1942, Germany resumed the offensive with a massive attack to the south and
southeast toward the city of stalingrad (Volgograd) on the Volga River and toward the oil fields
of the Caucasus. As the Germans reached the outskirts of Stalingrad and approached Groznyj
(Groznyy) in the Caucasus , approximately 120 miles from the shores of the Caspian Sea in
September 1942, the German domination of Europe reached its furthest geographical

Source #: 6
Citation: The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
Box 12 EV2: After months of fierce fighting and heavy casualties, German forces (numbering
no only about 91,000 surviving soldiers) surrender at Stalingrad on the Volga.
Soviet forces launched a counteroffensive against the Germans arrayed at stalingrad in midNovember 1942. They quickly encircled an entire German army, more than 220,000 soldiers.
In february 1943, after months of fierce fighting and heavy casualties, the offensive, liberation
most of the Ukraine, and virtually all of Russia and eastern Belorussia during 1943. The battle
for the city of Stalingrad proved a decisive psychological turning point, ending a string of
German victories in the summer of 1942 and beginning the long retreat westward. Germany
proved unable to defeat the Soviet Union, which together with Great Britain and the United
States, seized the initiative from Germany. Germany became embroiled in a long war, leading
ultimately to its defeat in May 1945.

Citation: The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

ASS 3, Q2: How did Adolf Hitler die?
Box 13 EV1: Der Fuhrer, Adolf Hitler, dictator of Germany, burrowed away in a refurbished airraid shelter, consumes a cyanide capsule, then shoots himself with a pistol, on this day in
1945, as his 1,000-year Reich collapses above him. Hitler had repaired to his bunker on
January 16, after deciding to remain Berlin for the last great siege of the war. At his side were
Eva Braun, whom he married only two days before their double suicide, and his dog an
Alsatian named Blondi. Warned by officers that the Russians were only a day or so from
overtaking the chancellery and urged to escape to Berchtesgaden, a small town in the
Bavarian Alps where Hitler owned a home, the dictator instead chose suicide. It is believed
that both he and his wife swallowed cyanide capsules (which had been tested for their efficacy
on his beloved dog and her pups).For good measure, he shot himself with his service pistol.
A German court finally officially declared Hitler dead, but not until 1956

Source #: 8
Box 14 EV2: The remains of Adolf Hitler were burned in 1970 by Soviet KGB agents and
thrown into a river in Germany on direct orders from the spy agencys chief.
Source #: 10
Citation: CNN NEWS