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Review

Chapter 5&6

Chapter 5: Imperialism

Review
Europeans were exploring the whole world
and crea5ng colonies in dierent areas in
order to take advantage of their resources
and make tons of money


Europeans started taking over Africa and Asia
in the 1800s
Set up colonies in these parts of the world for
trading or resources
Berlin Conference they divide up the map of
Africa (without consul5ng anyone from Africa)

Map of Empires by 1914

Colonizing Africa
Then they started carving up Africa into
colonies for themselves as well and taking
over their land
Only Ethiopia and Liberia were not conquered
by the early 20th century

**Consequences for African


Popula5ons**
(see p. 190-192 for more info)

Generally posi:ve

Harmful

Western technology and


medicine
Western educa5on and
ideas (democracy)
Changes to the con5nents
layout
New ports
Railways
Planta5ons

Economic exploita5on
Loss of culture, tradi5ons
and religion from
Europeans mission to
civilize
Slavery
Discrimina5on
Loss of land and means of
survival
Dependence on European
money and goods

Review of Chapter 6:
Rights and Freedoms

In this chapter:
Jewish people lost all of their rights in Nazi
Germany
India and the African colonies won their
independence
Black people in both the United States and
South Africa fought against segrega5on
Women obtained several rights, including the
right to vote

th
20 Century

WWI
Russian Revolu5on
Roaring Twen5es
Great Depression
WWII
Cold War
Fall of the Berlin Wall

Holocaust
Jews were stripped of their rights under Nazi
Germany by the Nuremberg Laws
Considered to be vermin
Restricted movement
Imprisoned
Forced labour
Killed

Ins5tu5onalized Racism

Womens Rights
Womens rights advanced as a
result of the wars because they
were needed to vote and work on
the home front while all of the
men were away at war

This results in major changes for
them afer the war

DECONOLIZATION IN INDIA AND


AFRICA

Na5ons in India, Southeast Asia, & Africa gained


independence from imperialists (decoloniza5on)

Order of Events
World War Two
Decoloniza5on of India
Bandung Conference (to promote Asian and
African independence)
Decoloniza5on of several African na5ons

Decoloniza5on in India
India achieves
independence from
Great Britain in 1947
afer protests following
WWII.

Becomes India and
Pakistan

Gandhi was a leader in
this prac5cing civil
disobedience which
means protes5ng non-
violently

Bandung Conference
First large scale mee5ng of African and Asian
countries in 1955 (India, Pakistan, Indonesia,
etc.) 25 countries par5cipated
Promo5ng the end of colonialism, saying that it is
evil and unjust
Support for freedom and independence asking
that it be recognized by European oppressors

Decoloniza5on in Africa
During the 1950s and 1960s many of the
colonized countries in Africa will also achieve
independence from Europeans
Many involve bloodshed and ethnic rivalries
(s5ll a major issue in Africa today)

Change and Con5nuity


Changes in Africa and Asia

Con:nuity in Africa and Asia

Many colonies became


independent through
decoloniza5on
New countries and states
were created
More self-government and
freedom from outsiders

Some African and Asian


countries are s5ll
underdeveloped
Some are s5ll dependent on
European support
S5ll many ethnic wars over
borders and territories

Apartheid
SOUTH AFRICA:
Apartheid laws
created strict
racial
segrega5on
between
blacks &
whites

Nelson Mandela
In 1964, Mandela was arrested & given a life sentence for
opposing apartheid laws
In the 1980s, many foreign na5ons refused to trade with
South Africa in protest of apartheid

South African parliament


repealed all apartheid laws &
announced the rst mul5racial
elec5on in 1994

Mandela elected president!

CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT


" a series of social and poli5cal movements
whose goal was to end segrega5on and
discrimina5on against black Americans and
aord them full civil rights and equality
Time period is 1955-1968 arguable.

Mar5n Luther King Jr.


I HAVE A DREAM
Uses non-violent protests like Gandhi
(marches, sit-ins, speeches, bus boycon, etc.)
Assassinated

Gay Rights
Many changes in the late 20th century
Ongoing struggle in the 21st century