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Group 3 Soil Moving Kit

Group 3 We Get Hits

Taylor Puckett
Jason Morton
William Price
Brandon Elam
Instructor: Dr. Ni Wang
Date: 5/1/2015


slide 3
Problem Statement Slide 4
Solution Approach Slide 5
Project Schedule Slide 6
Concept Design Slide 7
Material Selection Slides 8 11
Manufacturing Process Slide 12
Configuration Design Slide 13
Parametric Design Slide 14
Detail Drawing Slide 15
Assembly Drawing Slide 16
Design for X Slide 17
Economic Analysis Slide 18
Concluding Remarks Slide 19
References Slide 20


The Shovel is one of the most common tools we have. Its a tool almost
everyone uses, but is especially used by contractor and anyone who needs
to move soil. The shovel is used to help spread Blacktop, to level soil so
that concrete can be poured, moving gravel, digging holes, and even to
clean the tracks on a muddy dozer or excavator. The rake is also an
important tool because it allows soil, dirt or blacktop to be leveled out. No
one wants a lumpy drive way. The rake is also a useful tool used to break
the dirt up, move it around and can also be used to help level soil. Our
group set out to redesign and combine these tools into a more compact and
durable version using the various stages of the design process, such as
concept design, configuration design, parametric design, and detail design.

Problem Statement

Our Group decided to make a more compact, versatile, and durable design
for the Shovel, Rake, and Hoe. This will save people such as contractors
space in their tool boxes and also provide a product that will last longer
than the traditional designs. This would be especially important for
contractors who have limited space in their tool boxes or tool trailers. It
would also reduce the chance that their shovel, hoe, or rake would break on
the job, which could lead to a delay in the job getting done and cost the
contractor money.

Solution Approach

Our solution for making a more compact design was to design a

shaft/handle that had a threaded end that could be used to attach all three
heads, which where also threaded so as to be attached to the shaft. To make
the product more durable we looked at the part that is most common to
break on traditional wooden shovels, rakes or hoes, which is the
shaft/handle. We therefore decided to use a Fiberglass material for the shaft
and a strong ABS plastic for the handle, which can withstand more force
than wood and therefore make the product more durable

Project Schedule

Concept Design

Materials Selection

Because our products durability and reliability depended so much upon the
material we chose to construct it from, it was important that we choose
suitable materials. We needed material that was both strong and elastic
enough to not be brittle or break from repeated loads being applied.

For the handle, we chose to use ABS plastic. This was because of its
strength, ductility, price, and its ability to be easily recycled.

For the shaft we chose to use fiberglass, because of its high strength and

For the heads we chose to use a mild steel because of its strength, elasticity,
low cost, and its ability to be easily recycled.

ABS Plastics stress strain


Image from:

Fiberglass stress strain



Mild Steel stress strain



Manufacturing Process

Stamp press molds need to be built for the different attachments, which are
the hoe, rake, shovel and the handle that goes on the end of the shaft. These
molds will have to be designed with CAD software and then cut out of high
strength steel using a CNC machine. The molds for the hoe, rake and
shovel will need to be designed to accommodate a stamping process to
stamp press the designs out of medal. The stamped press parts will then be
welded to a special machined attachment that will allow it to attach to the
shaft handle. The handle at the end of the shaft handle will be made out of
a durable ABS plastic and will use a process known as injection molding.
The shaft handle will be made out of a high density Fiberglass and will be
the backbone of the soil moving kit.

Configuration Design

The key configuration component of this design is the

machined metal attachment that will be welded to the
attachments that make up the hoe, rake and shove. This
machined metal attachment will have threads cut into the
attachment that will thread on to the shaft handle. This will
allow the Soil Moving Kit to be versatile and making it
unique to other hand tools.

Parametric Design

The other design that we had in mind before choosing the

machined metal attachment was a push button quick
connect system. The problem with this is that it involved
tiny springs and movable parts. The cost was going to be a
lot more to manufacture and it would not be as durable as
just a machined metal attachment with threads.

Detail Drawing

Assembly Drawing

Design for X

The main thing we did to ensure that our product was both
durable and Reliable was by selecting material that was both
strong and elastic enough to not be brittle. We also looked at this
materials environmental impacts. The steel and ABS plastic are
both commonly recycled. Fiberglass has proven hard to recycle,
but a new method has been found. This method involves taking
old fiberglass and using it in cement mixtures.

Economic Analysis

Where q* is the number of units sold to break even, FC is the Fixed

Cost, r is the revenue per unit and v is the variable cost per unit.
FC per year = $200,000 r = $75
v = $35 q* = 5,000
So from our calculations, we will need to sell 5,000 units per year to break even.

Concluding Remarks

Our product improves the overall quality and versatility of tools like the
shovel, rake, and hoe. Our product will be more durable than their
traditional counter-parts and will thus have a longer life-span, reducing the
amount of waste from similar product. It will also be easier to replace the
head or handle than the standard designs, should the product eventually
break. This is a product that would likely be used by general contractors,
who would appreciate the products ability to save space as well as it's more
durable design. In the future more heads such as a mattock or pick end
could be adapted to fit on our product, increasing its usefulness and

Fiberline, Breakthrough: Recycling of Fiberglass is now reality, (Sep
14th 2010) from:
Chris Loughnane, When to use nonlinear finite element analysis, (2011)
Torsten hoglund, Frans Soetens, Jan Rothe, Jurgen Hirsch, Marc
Ryckeboer, Steinar Lundberg, Aluminum vs. Steel: Stress-strain
behaviour, (2010)
Robert J Eggert, Engineering Design 2nd Edition, (2010)