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Hypertension

Ellenor Chance BSN, RN, FNP-s

Hypertension
Hypertension is chronic elevation of the blood

pressure with in the arteries, requiring the


heart to work harder to circulate blood to vital
organs.
Primary (essential) or Secondary
95% of all cases of hypertension are primary

or essential

Hypertension
Major public health

challenge because it
affects millions of
Americans.
Increases the risk of
developing heart
disease, CKF, and
stroke.

$47.5 billion dollars

spent annually in
direct medical
expenses.
$3.5 billion is spent

yearly in loss of
productivity.

Risk Factors
Modifiable

Obesity
Sedentary lifestyle
High Sodium intake
Cigarette Smoking
Excessive consumption of

alcohol.

Non Modifiable

Age
Gender
Race
Heredity

Prevalence
Affects 1 in 3 adults
Highest incidence among AA women (47.0%)
AA Men 44.6%
Non-Hispanic white men 33.4%
Non-Hispanic white females 30.7%
Mexican American men 30.1%
Mexican American women 28.8%

Diagnosis

Video

References
Bakris, G., Black,H., Cushman, W., Green,L., Izzo, J., Materson, B., Oparil,

S. (2004). Th seventh report of the joint national committee on the


prevention, detection, evaluation, and treatment of high blood pressure.
Retrieved from:
http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/guidelines/hypertension/express.pdf
Buttaro, T. M, Trybulski, J., Bailey, P.P., & Sandberg-Cook. (2013).

Hypertension. Primary care a collaborative practice (4th ed.). (p. 556-571).


St. Louis Missouri: Mosby Elsevier
Center for Disease Control and Prevention. (2013). High blood pressure.
Retrieved from:
http://www.cdc.gov/bloodpressure/
Center for Disease Control and Prevention. (2013). High blood pressure
risk factors. Retrieved from: http://www.cdc.gov/bloodpressure/facts.htm
Fitzgerald, M. A. (2011). Hypertension treatment update: Focus on direct
renin