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The Human Reproductive

System
TEK 7.12B: Identify the main functions of
the human organism, including the
reproductive and endocrine system.

Lets pre assess !

Before
Agree/Disagree

1
.

Statement

The male reproductive system is a system of


tubes, containers and oddly shaped organs.

In the reproductive system tubes function


2. as pathways of transport while containers
function as storage vessels .
If either the structure or function of either
3. male or female reproductive system is
flawed over many generations this can
cause lower numbers within the species.
4. The function of ovaries and the testes is
similar to produce the reproductive cells.

After
Agree/Disagree

MY CHAMPS:
Conversation: Level 0 or 1 (whisper)
Help:
Raise your hand
Activity: Listen and take notes
Movement: None
Participation: Listen and take notes

Humans reproductive systems can be divided


into two parts which serve the overall function
of the repro system:
internal
reproductive organs
- testes produce sperm
- ovaries produce eggs
external genetalia
- penis

BASIC CONTINUATION OF THE


SPECIES
Sperm and egg must join

to form zygote.

WHAT structures are involved to


produce another human?
Male reproductive system &
Female reproductive system

The MALE Reproductive System


Major Structures and
Functions

What are TUBES in this picturewhat do


tubes dodeliver, store, or produce?
What structures look like CONTAINTERSwhat do containers do? Store, deliver

A. Males begin to produce sperm during


puberty, the adolescent stage of
development when changes in the body
make reproduction possible.
B. At this time, the concentration of the
hormone testosterone is high enough to
stimulate sperm production.
C. Testes are found in an external sack
called the scrotum. The cooler
temperatures outside the body are
necessary for healthy sperm production
and storage.

Sperms are produced in the testes.


Sperm may live stored in the
epididymis for several days.
In a male, both urine and sperm are
delivered out of the body through the
urethra not at the same time thanks
to the prostate gland.

Semen is the combination of sperm


and seminal fluids
BETWEEN 100 AND 200 MILLION
SPERM ARE PRESENT IN 1 ml OF
SEMEN OR ABOUT 5 MILLION SPERM
PER DROP!
1st period stopped

Use the Hand-out


to copy the rest of
the notes

The MALE Reproductive System


Major Structures and
Functions

Function of Penis

The penis is the


male
reproductive
organ that
makes it
possible for
sperm to be
delivered.

Testis

The testis are


responsible for
making
testosterone, the
primary male sex
hormone, and for
generating sperm.

Scrotum
The

scrotum
has a
protective
function and
acts as a
climate control
system for the
testes.

Epididymus
It

functions in
the transport
and storage of
the sperm cells
that are
produced in the
testes.

Prostate

The prostate gland


contributes additional
fluid to the ejaculate
(semen). Prostate
fluids also help to
nourish the sperm.

2nd Period stopped

Seminal Vesicles

The seminal vesicles


produce a sugar-rich
fluid (fructose) that
provides sperm with
a source of energy
and helps with the
sperms motility
(ability to move).

Urethra

The urethra is the tube


that carries urine from
the bladder and semen
to outside of the body.

Write the name of the male reproductive


structure in the appropriate column: penis,
testis, scrotum, epididymus, prostate, seminal
vesicles, urethra
Production

Storage

Delivery

Penis delivers
Testes- produce
Scrotum store
Epididymis- deliver, store
prostate gland produce
seminal vesicle produce
Urethra delivers

Read the notes with a partner


or by yourself; you may not
use notes on the assessment

Assessment in
5 minutes

Assessment Male Reproductive


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

What is the function of testes?


What is the function of urethra?
List structures that help in
producing sperm.
List structures that help in
delivering sperm.
List structures that help in storing
sperm.

FEMALE
REPRODUCTIVE
SYSTEM
Major structures
Function of structures

Copy notes in ISN


Female Reproductive System

The eggs are produced and stored in the


ovary. Then it travels through the fallopian
tubes where they will meet with a sperm.
A fertilized egg will enter into the uterus
where it will attach to the lining wall and
be nourished for the next 36 weeks.
As the mass of the fetus increases the
muscle known as the cervix will tighten
and then just before birth it will loosen or
dilate. The fetus will then move through
the vagina or birth canal to experience
birth.

During her lifetime fewer than 500 eggs


will actually be released, averaging one
egg about every 28 days.
At birth a female is born with all the eggs
she will ever release. There is no
production of eggs after birth. They are
produced and then stored in the ovaries.

The release of eggs also known as


Ovulation begins at puberty (around 12
years) and then when the egg supply is
gone they enter Menopause (around 50
years). Reproduction ability is over at
that time in a females life.

Use the Hand-out


to copy the rest of
the notes

Major structures and functions


1. PRODUCE eggs
2. STORE eggs

Copy notes on
the hand-out

3. RECEIVE sperm
4. PROVIDE environment for NEW
organism/structure to develop safely
5. DELIVER the NEW organism/structure once
it is ready to survive in a BIGGER, NEWER,
more DANGEROUS environment

Function of Ovaries
Produce

eggs and
hormones such as
estrogen and
progesterone.

Function of Fallopian tube

Egg travels to
uterus through
the tube and here
it is fertilized
(egg plus sperm).

Function of Uterus
Fertilized

egg
is implanted
Nourish the
developing
fetus

Function of cervix

To allow flow of
menstrual blood
from the uterus
into the vagina,
and direct the
sperms into the
uterus.

Function of Vagina

Birth Canal
through which a
fetus comes out.

Write the name of the female reproductive


structure in the appropriate column: uterus,
fallopian tube, cervix, vagina, ovary using the
diagram on the hand-out
Function
produce

Function store

Function
receive

Function
provide

Function
deliver

Were you correct ?


Ovary produce and store
Fallopian tube store and receive
Uterus provide
Cervix deliver
Vagina deliver and receive

Study the Hand-out for 3 minutes (female


reproductive system)

What if the ovaries are not functioning ?


What if the testes are too warm and the
sperm dies ?
What if medications or environmental
conditions alter the production of egg or
sperm, how will this impact the future of
mankind ?

Assessment Female Reproductive


System (In your ISN)
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

What is the function of the ovaries?


What is the function of the fallopian
tube?
Which structures does the receiving
part?
Which structure provide for the
development of fetus?
List all the structures involved with
female reproductive system.

What is the function of the ovaries?


Produce egg and hormones
2. What is the function of the fallopian tube?
1.

1.

Egg is fertilized here

Which structures does the receiving part?


1. Vagina and Fallopian tube
4. Which structure provide for the
development of fetus?
1. Uterus
5. List all the structures involved with female
reproductive system.
3.

http://www.visembryo.com/baby/index.html
http://www.human-body-facts.com/reproduct
ive-disease.html

http://www.kingcounty.gov/healthservices/h
ealth/personal/famplan/educators/flash.asp
x
scroll down to reproductive system
http://www.kscience.co.uk/revision/reprod
uction/nervous_worksheets.htm
womb service