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Einsteins birth

Quotes: "Albert Einstein was born on March 14, 1879, in Ulm, Germany, but he grew
up and obtained his early education in Munich. He was not a child prodigy; in fact,
he was unable to speak fluently at age nine. Finding profound joy, liberation, and
security in contemplating the laws of nature, already at age five he had experienced
a deep feeling of wonder when puzzling over the invisible, yet definite, force
directing the needle of a compass."
Paraphrasing: Einstein was born March 14, 1879 in ulm germany. He had an
education in munich but was not a genius. He couldnt even speak fluently at age 9.
At this age however he was already very curious.
Source: "Albert Einstein (1879-1955)." Albert Einstein (1879-1955). N.p., n.d. Web.
18 Mar. 2015.
Second education
Quotes: "Einstein's formal secondary education was abruptly terminated at 16. He
found life in school intolerable, and just as he was scheming to find a way to leave
without impairing his chances for entering the university, his teacher expelled him
for the negative effects his rebellious attitude was having on the morale of his
classmates.Einstein tried to enter the Federal Institute of Technology (FIT) in Zurich,
Switzerland, but his knowledge of nonmathematical disciplines was not equal to
that of mathematics, and he failed the entrance examination. On the advice of the
principal, he thereupon first obtained his diploma at the Cantonal School in Aarau,
and in 1896 he was automatically admitted into the FIT. There he came to realize
that his deepest interest and facility lay in physics, both experimental and
theoretical, rather than in mathematics."
Paraphrasing: Einstein sropped out at 16 because he didnt ike the strict rules. He
was expelled however attempted to get addmitted to the Federal Institution of
Technology due to the fact that he failed the entrance exam. However he went to
the catonal school of aarau and he graduated to immediately be admitted to (FIT)
and after he graduated he was married, had to children and began writing his most
famous papers.
Einsteins uprising
Quotes: "These papers made Einstein famous, and universities soon began
competing for his services. In 1909, after serving as a lecturer at the University of
Bern, Einstein was called as an associate professor to the University of Zurich. Two
years later, he was appointed a full professor at the German University in Prague.
Within another year and a half, Einstein became a full professor at the FIT. Finally, in
1913 the well-known scientists Max Planck and Walter Nernst traveled to Zurich to
persuade Einstein to accept a lucrative research professorship at the University of

Berlin, as well as full membership in the Prussian Academy of Science. He accepted


their offer in 1914, quipping: "The Germans are gambling on me as they would on a
prize hen. I do not really know myself whether I shall ever really lay another egg.""
Paraphrasing: These papers soon made Einstein famous and universities soon
began competing for Ensteins help. He accepted a partnership to a university and
began working there until he got a full time teaching position at FIT.
The man
Quotes: "Fellow physicists were always struck with Einstein's uncanny ability to
penetrate to the heart of a complex problem, to instantly see the physical
significance of a complex mathematical result. Both in his scientific and in his
personal life, he was utterly independent, a trait that manifested itself in his
approach to scientific problems, in his unconventional dress, in his relationships with
family and friends, and in his aloofness from university and governmental politics (in
spite of his intense social consciousness). Einstein loved to discuss scientific
problems with friends, but he was, fundamentally a "horse for single harness.""
Paraphrasing: Einstein was a very independent person who was easily able to to
figure out complex problems. He enjoyed talking to family but overall he was very
independent.
Philosophy
Quotes: "Einstein's belief in strict causality was closely related to his profound belief
in the harmony of nature. That nature can be understood rationally, in mathematical
terms, never ceased to evoke a deep--one might say, religious--feeling of
admiration in him. "The most incomprehensible thing about the world," he once
wrote, "is that it is comprehensible." How do we discover the basic laws and
concepts of nature? Einstein argued that while we learn certain features of the world
from experience, the free inventive capacity of the human mind is required to
formulate physical theories. No logical link exists between the world of experience
and the world of theory. Once a theory has been formulated, however, it must be
"simple" (or, perhaps, "esthetically pleasing") and agree with experiment. One such
esthetically pleasing and fully confirmed theory is the special theory of relativity.
When Einstein was informed of D.C. Miller's experiments, which seemed to
contradict the special theory by demanding the reinstatement of the ether, he
expressed his belief in the spuriousness of Miller's results--and therefore in the
harmoniousness of nature--with another of his famous aphorisms, "God is subtle,
but he is not malicious.""
Paraphrasing: He belived the mind has to develop theorys from personal experience
and they have to be "estetically" pleasing.
Einsteins god

Quotes: "This frequent use of God's name in Einstein's speeches and writings
provides us with a feeling for his religious convictions. He once stated explicitly, "I
believe in Spinoza's God who reveals himself in the harmony of all being, not in a
God who concerns himself with the fate and actions of men." It is not difficult to see
that this credo is consistent with his statement that the "less knowledge a scholar
possesses, the farther he feels from God. But the greater his knowledge, the nearer
is his approach to God." Since Einstein's God manifested Himself in the harmony of
the universe, no conflict could exist between religion and science for Einstein."
Paraphrasing: Einstein did frequently speak of god but he beleived in a god that is
the harmony of being and didnt concern himself with the actions of men. he
believed the smarter you are the closer you should get to a god and without
intelligence its hard to be close to him.
Career in America
Quotes: "On several occasions, Einstein had visited the California Institute of
Technology, and on his last trip to the United States, Abraham Flexner offered
Einstein--on Einstein's terms--a position in the newly conceived and funded Institute
for Advanced Studies in Princeton. He went there in 1933.Einstein played a key role
(1939) in mobilizing the resources necessary to construct the atomic bomb by
signing a famous letter to President Franklin D. Roosevelt that had been drafted by
Leo Szilard and E.P. Wigner. When Einstein's famous equation E=mc2 was finally
demonstrated in the most awesome and terrifying way by using the bomb to
destroy Hiroshima in 1945, Einstein, the pacifist and humanitarian, was deeply
shocked and distressed; for a long time he could only utter "Horrible, horrible." On
April 18, 1955, Einstein died in Princeton."
E=Mc^2
Quotes: "Also in 1905, Einstein proved that his theory predicted that energy E and
mass m are entirely interconvertible according to his famous equation, E=mc2.For
observational confirmation of his general theory of relativity, Einstein boldly
predicted the gravitational red shift and the deflection of starlight (an amended
value), as well as the quantitative explanation of U. J. J. Leverrier's long-unexplained
observation that the perihelion of the planet Mercury precesses about the sun at the
rate of 43 seconds of arc per century. In addition, Einstein in 1916 predicted the
existence of gravitational waves. Turning to cosmological problems the following
year, Einstein found a solution to his field equations consistent with the picture (the
Einstein universe) that the universe is static, approximately uniformly filled with a
finite amount of matter, and finite but unbounded (in the same sense that the
surface area of a smooth globe is finite but has no beginning or end)."
Paraphrasing: Einstein finally had proved his famous E=Mc^2 theory worked.
AMerica actually got hold of this and used it to build the atomic bomb. At a speech
about this all he could utter was "Horrible,Horrible."

Theory of Brownian Motion


Quotes: "In Brownian motion (first observed in 1827 by the Scottish botanist Robert
Brown), small particles suspended in a viscous liquid such as water undergo a rapid,
irregular motion. Einstein, unaware of Brown's earlier observations, concluded from
his theoretical studies that such a motion must exist. Guided by the thought that if
the liquid in which the particles are suspended consists of atoms or molecules they
should collide with the particles and set them into motion, he found that while the
particle's motion is irregular, fluctuating back and forth, it will in time nevertheless
experience a net forward displacement. Einstein proved that this net forward
displacement of the suspended particles is directly related to the number of
molecules per gram atomic weight. This point created a good deal of skepticism
toward Einstein's theory at the time he developed it (1905 to 1906), but when it was
fully confirmed, many of the skeptics were converted. Brownian motion is regarded
as one of the most direct proofs of the existence of atoms."
Paraphrasing: Einstein proved the theory of Brownian motion to be true. This was
the theory that everything is made up of moving particles.
Light Quanta and Wave-Particle delay
Quotes: "The most common misconceptions concerning Einstein's introduction of his
revolutionary light quantum (light particle) hypothesis in 1905 are that he simply
applied Planck's quantum hypothesis of 1900 to radiation and that he introduced
light quanta to "explain" the photoelectric effect discovered in 1887 by Heinrich
Hertz and thoroughly investigated in 1902 by Philipp Lenard. Neither of these
assertions is accurate. Einstein's arguments for his light quantum hypothesis--that
under certain circumstances radiant energy (light) behaves as if it consists not of
waves but of particles of energy proportional to their frequencies--were absolutely
fundamental and, as in the case of his theory of Brownian motion, based on his own
insights into the foundations of thermodynamics and statistical mechanics.
Furthermore, it was only after presenting strong arguments for the necessity of his
light quantum hypothesis that Einstein pursued its experimental consequences. One
of several such consequences was the photoelectric effect, the experiment in which
high frequency ultraviolet light is used to eject electrons from thin metal plates. In
particular, Einstein assumed that a single quantum of light transfers its entire
energy to a single electron in the metal plate. The famous equation he derived was
fully consistent with Lenard's observation that the energy of the ejected electrons
depends only on the frequency of the ultraviolet light and not on its intensity.
Einstein was not disturbed by the fact that this apparently contradicts James Clerk
Maxwell's classic electromagnetic wave theory of light, because he realized that
good reasons existed to doubt the universal validity of Maxwell's theory."
Paraphrasing: Einstein Theorized that radiation was not made of waves but actually
made of particles

Comment: He also did experiments to prove this so people havent really tried to
prove him wrong.