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5-4-3-2-1 C-A-P-T-I-O-N-S

5 questions to answer
Include the 5 Ws and 1 H
4 parts to a caption
Lead in, background, quote, and photo credit
3 types of information
Include Before, During, and After Information
2 sentences past tense
Last 2 sentences in PAST tense
1 sentence present tense
1st sentence in PRESENT tense
CAPTIONS REQUIREMENTS
Start your captions with one of the ways listed below. The first sentence needs
to tell who is in the picture, what they are doing, when they are doing it, why
they are doing it, and how they are doing it.
The second sentence needs to tell more specific information about what
happened before, during and after the picture was taken. For sports, you have
to find out how the person in the pictures did after the picture was taken, and
how he/she did for the year.
Captions need to be three sentences. It is good to end in a quote from the
person in the picture BUT it needs to relate to the picture and what they are
doing in the picture.

Just remember: CAP

PIG DAD

Common Noun

(Person, place or thing)


Example: Desks lined the halls as senior Josh Wilson walks into the Principals
office on the last day of school.

Adjective

(Descriptive word)
Example: Blue and yellow streamers hang from the ceiling as the junior class
decorates their halls for Homecoming.

Participle

(an ing word as a verb)


Example: Chewing five hot dogs, junior Scott Mayo makes fun of all of the hot
dog eating participants who try to catch up to his record.

Preposition

(anything that can fill this blank: the plane flew ______ the

clouds)
about
toward
on top of
in front of
beside
against
up
over
like
during
at
without
to

behind
above
under
onto
inside
between
along
upon
past
near
except
before
through

from

on

below
in
across
beneath
underneath
after
out of
until
instead of
outside
by
into
among
down
with
around
since
within
of
through
for
of

Example: With intense determination, the varsity team pushes through the line
to score the winning touchdown in the last seconds of the game.

Infinitive

(TO)
Example: To win the spirit stick, the freshman class screams loudly and claps
their hands to make the most noise of all the classes.

Gerund

(-ing word in noun formfollowed by a verb)


Example: Chewing is a hard task for senior Katie Smith as she tries to eat five
hot dogs at once at the homecoming bonfire.

Dependent Clause
after
although
as
as if
because of
before
even if
even though
if
in order to
so
since
though
unless
until
whatever
when
whenever
whereas
whether
while
due to
Example: Because of the large amounts of rain that fell over the weekend,
students play in the mud in the ditch in front of the school.

Adverb

(modifies a verbusually an ly word)


Example: Slowly approaching the podium, sophomore Sally Simmons swallows
the lump in her throat and prepares to read her speech.

Direct Quote

Example: Being crowned Homecoming Queen was the most amazing


experience. I felt honored to have been voted by the whole school, senior
Teresa Tomlin said.