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UNDER WATER CONCRETING

By :

Selvaraj
Yogeswaren
Mohamad Afiq
Hezam Ali
Logaswaran
Under Water Concreting
Under Water Concreting
Under Water Concreting
 …Method’s…

Anti-washout Admixtures (AWA)


Anti-washout Admixtures
(AWA)

 What are they ?


 Characteristics
 Uses
 Advantages
 Disadvantages
 Examples
What are they…?
 Viscosity – modifying admixture
 Consist of long molecule chains
 Cellulose derivatives (most common)
› Welan hum
› Hydropupropyl methyl cellulose
What are they…?
 Non – cellulose derivatives
› Polyethylene Oxide
Characteristics…

 Improve cohesiveness
› Resists bleeding
› Reduce Segregation
› Results in minimal loss of fines
Tremies…
 Placement Method’s

› Bucket Placement
› Tremie
 Wet pipe
Dry pipe
Tremies…
Tremies…

 Mixtures for under water placement.


Mixture for under water
concrete…
 Anything that improves workability
should be considered
 Slump approximately 7in.
 MSA should be approx 1.5in – 2.0in
 FA should be 45% of total aggregate
 Use air-entraining admixture
Methods…
 Concrete Bagwork
 Grounting preplaced aggregate
 Concrete mixed conventionally
 Placement by Jercuie
Problems
 Segregation of FA from CA
 Water pollution from contact between
fresh concrete and surrounding water
 Increased water cement ratio
 Washout
Uses
 Concrete in large, underwater
placements
› Offshore platforms
› Docks
› Harbors
› Bridge Structures

Advantages
 Workability is improved
 Set time, cure time, shrinkage & creep
are not affected
 Reduced chloride ion permeability
Disadvantages
 Reduction in elastic modulus 80% -
100% of original
 Reduction in strength
› Compressive 75% - 100% of original
› Fexural 84% - 100%

Example
Hydrocem - Properties
 Power admixture
 Increases cohesiveness while
maintaining high workability
 Increases strength up to 39 times the
strength under water without
admixture
Hydrocem – Test Results
All other variables constant
 Strengthof concrete outside of water
after 28 days.

› Sample 1 : 35% stronger than sample 2


All other variables constant
 Strength
of concrete underwater after
28 days

› Sample 2 : 39 times stronger than


sample 1
Mellose
Mellose
Mellose
 Cellulose based admixture

 Used by Koren Company on the
Kwangan Great Bridge
Reomac UW - 450
 Properties

 More Information

 Testing
Reomac UW - 450
Reomac UW – 450 Properties
 Cellulose based admixture
 No affect on slump or setting time
 Useful for mortar or grouting where
mixtures have a high water cement
ratio
 Lessens strength when used out of
water
 Increases strength when used
underwater
Reomac UW – 450 More
Information
 Air-entrainingadmixtures may be
necessary to achieve desired air
content
 Pozzalans & WRAs are recommended to
achieves maximum result.
 Should be placed by pump ortremie.
Reomac UW – 450 Testing


 Washout test – Determines relative
amount of cement lost when concrete
is exposed to a large amount of
water.
Some Of The Example Of
Under Water Concreting
Thank You