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Impact of the Internet on Russian adolescents and young adults

in the context of the development of the Russian information space


Tsymbalenko Sergey, Moscow,
President of the creative association YNPRESS
Doctor of Education
Summery
The article is devoted to the problem of the Internet development influence on
Russian adolescents. The author characterizes the tendencies of teen
communicative interaction in the global network. So, the interindividual
communication turns into social networks. It is revealed interactive forms of
teenagers and adults with the Internet.
Keywords: I-net activity, media space, I-net generation, global children, child's
subculture, computer literacy, digitized reality, net addiction, media literacy.
Summary of case study
Children of Russia entered a stage of mass Internet. according
survey, 93% of respondents use this channel of communication
regardless of where they live.
Among the sources of information from the late 1990s, leading
interpersonal channels, social experience of Russian teenagers
learn primarily through communication with peers and adults in
generational and inter-generational dialogue. On The Internet
formed an analogue of interpersonal interaction in the form of
social networks.
The most important characteristic of the modern younger
generation is active in the information space,
the desire to become an equal subject in the intergenerational
communication. Today's children are not only formed in part
collective intelligence society (noosphere), but also an indicator
global process related to information - both positive
and negative trends. They are much more intense and fully mastered
in the information space; a situation where, as
Mead argued, the younger generation can serve as a subject,
Expert tumors processes in society. Custom
Internet Activity younger generations, according to experts,
one of the important indicators of the pace of building the information
society in our country.
It can be stated that in the last three or four years children
Russia entered the stage of mass Internet. According to the survey, 93%
of respondents use this channel of communication, regardless of
place of residence. They have an impact on the rest on the side of
Internet portion of their peers. In 1998, their number does not exceed 20%,
2005 - 51.8%
Important comparisons. According to the research group of zirconium
every day or almost every day surf the internet and only 37%

never go 46% (in the study group - 7%). this confirms


concluded that children, adolescents and young adults may be called Internet
generation to another, the new media medium.
Do not use the Internet younger age group 10-12 years
(47.3% of children without the Internet), probably by
objective reasons, and 24% of respondents 15 years, which can be
attributed to the protest group against hobbies Internet, since when
desire at that age kids are going online. wherein
young men make up the majority in the group against the Internet: 68.3%
said they did not use the Internet (girls - 31.7). these guys
live not only in rural areas where it may be due to technical
reasons, but also in a big city (35.4%).
Comparison of those adolescents who use and do not use
Internet in 2012 revealed the following. Internet children significantly
communicate more with peers (70.3% vs. 43.9%), with parents
(29.9% vs. 22%), walking in circles and sections (33.9% vs. 25.6%), walking
dating (25.7% vs. 7.3%). Thus, it refutes the view
that the Internet reduces the actual living space. Children who
do not use the Internet or reject it, have one important
advantage - more reading books (46.3% vs. 34%), which
the structure of leisure in second place after the computer games (48.8%).
Books in their second position and when obtaining meaningful information
after school and teachers. The fact that children without the Internet even more
addicted to computer games (48.8% vs. 47.8%), too
significant figure. Internet-less children watch TV
(45.1% vs. 56.8%), more than reading newspapers and magazines (30.5% vs.
20%), listening to the radio (29.3% vs. 13.3%). It can be assumed that adolescents
without the Internet more interested in sports, because information
of it is almost three times more significant - 10.5% versus 29%. information about
Other hobbies are also in demand - 19.4%. For online children
much more important information about the lives of friends and acquaintances
(11.9%
vs. 3.2%), of relatives and friends (10.4% vs. 4.8%), that is, communication
develop empathy, more focused on the other.
The study showed the following features and trends
communicative interactions in adolescents and young adults
modern information space of Russian society.
The Internet as a media environment and habitat
younger generation
The entry of young Russians in the Internet space, according to
According to the interview, changed not only the sources of information,
media environment, but also their whole lifestyle. Teens are not just
Internet live through it. This habitat, way
life with the assistance of information technology.
The younger generation well ahead of lives on this

model using the decision-making communication with peers


and adults. In addition to real communication - an online communication,
that the vast majority of adolescents, as shown by mass
survey and interview in the first place. Teens who have
technical feasibility are in continuous contact with the web
friends, even on school breaks and lessons.
There is a constant expansion of the information and
Lebensraum young Russians. modern Internet
generation can be described as global children who
unlimited possibilities of obtaining and processing information,
knowledge. In this case, due to the open and comprehensive information
Internet children became virtually independent of adults in obtaining
they are interested in information and knowledge. In 2005, 31.7% of respondents
noted that they were unable to find the information they need, then in 2012
year - 22% of it.
Clearly apparent desire to teens
self-selection of information channels and forms of reception
information.
Internet restructure information space
Russian teens. Finding information in the aggregate
used a diverse range of communication sources and
mechanisms that form the media environment. In 1998 and 2005, the first
place came interpersonal channels of information (peers, parents,
teacher), then in 2012, well ahead of the lead
computer resources, Internet - 72%. This two-fold increase compared with 2005
(30.9%).
Thus there is a devaluation of most of the existing
media in the minds of teenagers. occurred
reduction in number of meaningful choice for teens sources
information on average from 6 in 1998 to 3.5 in 2012. Many say one
important source of information for them - the Internet.
Television, no longer, as once, to dominate the relevant channels
information (fifth place after the Internet, friends, teachers / schools
parents), begins to play a role in informing the spontaneous channel
entertainment, ranking second after the live communication with
peers, while down from 76, 7% (1998) to 56% (2012).
Internet incorporates and integrates other channels into a single
media environment. Most often, teenagers do not enter the sources themselves in
their
original form, and in the relevant and interesting for them to pieces.
The main characteristics of the modern state
information space are fluidity, diffuse,
randomness. Channels of communication information and also depend on
the effect of non-uniform social environment that preserves
a variety of media culture.

The study clearly showed that among the sources of


Information from the late 1990s, leading interpersonal channels
social experience of Russian teenagers learn mainly
through communication with peers and adults in generational and
intergenerational (in the immediate vicinity) dialogue. communication
among peers at the same time is a defining and
priority.
The second fracture occurs at the moment as the formation
new generation of computer technology which Internet
become decisive. It is found both in leisure and
in obtaining meaningful for children, adolescents and youth information.
The second wave is characterized in that the formed web
analogue of interpersonal interaction in the form of social networking.
In this case, between the virtual and interpersonal communication have
intertransitions place that mark and adolescents themselves, and experts.
This unified communication system entities, both individual and
group.
Thus, the recorded change of the young person
communication system, and therefore in society. Young audience funds
mass communication ceases to be a passive object
inform. The most important characteristic of the modern
the younger generation is active in information
space, the desire to become an equal subject in
intergenerational communication. The younger generation shows
himself as a subject, an active creator of the information space.
Communication among peers, family, school and other inner circle stands manner
and form of selection, expert
estimates give some sense of the information, the new generation
information based internalized individually. informing
significantly supplemented mutual information and mutual
as a result of communication. Digesting the information in the "pot"
identity, its transformation into intrapersonal and interpersonal
communication enables new experiences
livelihoods of subjects, determines the picture of the world and life
meanings of a particular person, where the subculture of the reference group
is a leading and mostly socializing. resulting in
formed a different living environment.
Children subculture began entering Russian channel
adolescents in human culture. This conclusion is confirmed by the
answer additional questions research 1998/2005/2012 years .: "What
you and your peers know what you do not know your parents? "Only 10%
1998, 16.8% in 2005 and 20% in 2012. The answer to this question:
It'S Nothing. The largest group of responses for closed from
foreign life of adolescents, such as "peers who drink,
smoke "," that we fight to the blood, "" that matter "of

school affairs, sex. In 2012, a new area of ignorance,


distinguishes the older and younger generations: computer literacy,
modern information technology, Internet
Information technology, especially the Internet, divided
reality into two spheres: the natural and digitized. they Are
complementary and mutually conditioning effect on
communicating vessels. Developments and changes in one of them
balanced information on the influence of the other.
The younger generation is in the present, information on
future interest 3%, the past is hardly mentioned. interview
confirmed that the typical teenager today rather wants to be
adult, independent. Teenagers, according to a study
accept and assimilate, consciously or spontaneously information if
it is relevant, emotionally charged, based on a specific
experience similar age social groups and links
knowledge of the real fate of reference for these people. interest in
present in adolescents specific. It is important to know, especially of
themselves and their friends, about teenage society and its subculture - and not
only know, but to make this subculture his.
Information environment becomes dependent on the identity of the
child and society, the impact of the Internet is not straightforward and
unidirectional, it is associated with life among adolescents, their
real interests, pursuits. Internet and generally
information space are a continuation, strengthening
personal and group space. media environment itself
"Adjusted" for personal and group interests may converge and expand depending
on the subjects of social activity.
Potentially it has limitless possibilities of information,
that subjects can use. On the one hand, this new
opportunities for self-realization and self-actualization, and on the other hand, it is
can be deployed not only in a positive direction.
Virtualization - a platform for the development of imagination and
experimentation, but can occur simultaneously mixing and
Even the substitution of virtual and reality of life. Worldwide and
freedom of choice provide an opportunity for an infinite
increase knowledge and contacts, but is required for this new qualities and
mechanisms of self-organization, self-education.
Time and nature of the stay of the younger generation on the Internet
Characteristic activity of the younger generation is
stay of children and adolescents on the Internet, which is much
higher than in adults. The basic range identified by the
in-depth interviews: from 1 to 5 pm daily. Stock Research
Internet Development confirm these data: only one-fifth
teen spends more than 21 hours per week (3 hours a day) on the Internet.
This is one of a group of young Internet users. The second group includes

every eighth student, who replied that he "lives in


Internet. "This expression combines and the time that they are there
carried out, taking away even from his sleep and nutrition, and personal
significance of it.
Have forecast that the residence time will increase due to new
technical means.
Expert analysis revealed factors that
determine the time spent on the Internet:
1. Technical and financial accessibility of the Internet for
durables.
2. The attraction of the content on the Internet, especially in
the case of social networks and online games.
3. The role of the Internet as a comprehensive tool that allows to read
newspapers and books, watch TV shows and movies.
4. The role of the Internet in the educational activity.
5. Availability of free time itself.
6. Structure of free time, the presence of other interests and
classes.
7. Control of parents.
8. Self.
According to experts, children of school age more than others
categories of users need to stay on the Internet for
realization of their needs and interests, limited expansion
the school and learning processes among obitaniya.Fond Internet Development
concluded that in the context of
Information Society survival values begin
replaced by the values of self-realization. The Internet is becoming
conductor of these values. In the life of a child because of his status is not
can fulfill your potential, and the Internet provides such opportunities.
Widely used by teenagers opportunities
information and communication and creative activity,
self in this activity. It takes the scale
national children's movement. Social self-actualization at
This is poorly developed due to lack of demand for the state and
society.
Today's Internet, as shown by the study of the dynamics of
Communications of the younger generation from 1998 to 2012. equalizes
the possibility of different gender groups and ceases to depend on
place of residence.
Recreational forms of communication and the Internet
Much of the information and the social experience of adolescents
learn without realizing it, using attractive for them channels
communication and information during leisure time. These channels provide
the opportunity to influence the attitudes and behavior of the younger generation.
In the first place - socializing with friends (68%) should be noted

the growing importance of leisure activities related to computers and


Internet%). Computer games (49%) and the exchange of information on
Internet (48%) occupy a leading position in the overall sample after
direct communication. Information communication thanks
Internet has increased significantly - almost four times compared
even with 2005 (12.2%). Recreational resources that young
users receive additional access through the Internet, take
considerable time in the structure of activities - up to 10 hours on weekends and
Vacation days.
Leisure activities%
Spend time with friends 69
Watching TV 56
Play computer games 48
Exchange information over a computer network 47
Talk on the phone 36
Listening to a tape recorder, player, player 35
I read the book 35
Communicate in a circle, sections, clubs and other unions 33
Traveling on the computer network 33
Go to the movies 31
I spend time with their parents and other adults 29
Watch video 26Vstrechayus with a girl (girl) boy (boys) 25
Read newspapers and magazines 21
Listen to the radio 15
I go to the theater, concerts, museums 14
Table 1. Distribution of answers to the question "What do you most often engaged
in
free time? "(in% of respondents, N = 1215, more than one answer)
By themselves, the new information technologies, such as notice
experts, enhance the effect of a new toy, which at the stage of development
embedded in the leisure, occupies a significant place. This period should not be
confused with Internet addiction, he transitory, though it may be
long.
Great concern in society, especially among parents and
teachers, is the threat of Internet addiction adolescents. However,
According to experts, one should not confuse Internet addiction and passionate
enthusiasm for the World Wide Web. About Internet addiction can