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Fishing Harvesting Techniques

http://www.fishonline.org/methods

Name Fish
Harvesting
Technique
Rod and Line

Where Used/ Used


For

Economic
Benefits/Pitfalls

Environmental
Benefits/Pitfalls

To catch fish in any


body of water.

Traps

To catch fish in any


body of water.
In seabed, to catch
fish.
Used in sea bed to
catch fish
Used in sea bed to
herd fish
Used in different depths of

Local fishermen
benefit. High tech
fishing is competition.
Can be used in any way
possible.
Large amount of fish
caught.
Easy to catch fish.

No EB. Too many people are


fishing and harming the
environment.
No EB. Traps pollute the ocean
and harm the environment.
No EB. Fish cant escape
them.
No EB. Fish are being
disturbed & electrified
No EB. Fish are being caught.

Trawl Nets
Beam Trawl
Demersal Otter
Trawl
Separator Trawls

water to catch cod, plaice fish

Dive-caught

Used in deep waters


to collect lobster,
abalone, seaweed,
sponges and reef
dwelling fish

Dredging

Used for harvesting


oysters, clams and
scallops from the
seabed.
Used in seabed to
capture bivalves,
razorshell, cockles

Hydraulic
dredges
Drift Net

Fish Farming
Gill or Fixed Nets

Use of Explosives

In high seas NE, to


catch wide range of
fish.
Farm marine,
freshwater organisms
Used in seabed, to
capture a size range of
fish.
Used on coral reefs to
capture fish.

Easy way to catch fish.


Can be used to catch
two different types of
fish.
Local divers make profit
out of what is caught
when scuba diving.
They might have
competitors with high
tech fishing techniques
Numerous of dredges
caught. depending on
the

No EB. Adult fish targeted &


shrimp are also being caught.

Catches different
species

No EB. Removes fish


populations, disturbs
sediment with consequences
for other species living there
The ban keeps some species
safe. Baltic fishing is still
allowed.
No EB. Production of fishmeal
used to feed farmed fish.
No EB. Certain sizes of fish
are targeted.

Large amounts of fish


caught. Ban was
placed.
Most fish we eat come
from fish farms.
Large amounts of fish
caught Oldest from of
fishing.
Particularly destructive
method of fishing.
Prohibited in many
regions

One of the least damaging


fishing methods. Fish and
other organism are being
caught and taken away from
their environment.
No EB. Oysters cant escape

No EB. Shock waves kill fish


50m radius, corral reefs have
been reduced .

Handline

Trolling

Industrial Fishing

Long-lining

Used in stationary or
moving boats to catch
different fish.
Towing baited hooks or
lures through the
water to capture of
pelagic species.
Fishery of small fish all
around the ocean.

Line near the water


surface, used to catch
different species, size
of fish.

High quality fish are


caught. Oldest fishing
methods.
Species of high
individual value are
caught.

No EB. Cod, mackerel, squid


and tuna are targeted.

Manufacture of fish oil


and meal is produced.
Product is becoming
extinct.
One of the most fuelefficient catching
methods.

No EB. Removals of large


quantities of species from the
base of the food chain are
being removed.
No EB. Albatross, other sea
birds species are in danger.

No EB. Tuna, wahoo, Dorado,


barracuda and salmon are
being caught.