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AerobicbyRyanGardiner

Humanbeingsaredependentonoxygen.Cellstakeinoxygenand
expelcarbondioxide.Thesystemresponsiblefortheexchangeof
oxygenisthecardiovascularsystem.Humansthatareabletointake
oxygenmoreefficientlycandocertainthingslikerunning,swimming,
andcyclingbetter.Becausetheseactivitiesrequirerapidoxidationof
cells,theyareconsideredaerobicactivities.Aerobichealthcanbe
improvedbypracticingthesetypesofactivitiestoimprove
cardiovascularhealth.

AgebyErwinRodriguez

Ageisthedurationoftimesomeonehasbeenalive.Asorganisms
mature,theproductivityoforgansandorganssystemssteadily
diminish.Decisionsmadeatayoungeragecontributetooneshealthat
anolderage.Forexample,dietarydecisionsthataremadeatayoung
age,specificallytheamountofvitaminDandcalciumtakenincanlead
totheweakeningorstrengtheningofbonesandeventuallyleadto
osteoporosis.

AthleticsbyLexiWilliams

Athleticsistheprocessofhumansengaginginexerciseorsports
ofanykindinvolvingtheuseofskillssuchasstrength,agility,or
stamina.Themostcommontypeofathleticsisindividualsports
thatdonotinvolveequipmentsuchasrunning,jumping,walking.
Thesimplicityofthiscompetitionmakesitoneofthemostpopular
thereis.Athleticsisessentialtomaintaingoodhealth.

BodybyJordanSmith

Thebodyisacomplexstructurethatcontainsstructuressuchasthe
cardiovascularsystem,musculoskeletalsystem,andimmunesystem.The
everydaychoicesteensmaketodaycanandwillaffecttheirbodynowand
laterinlife.Nutritionhabitscanaffectthebodynegativelyandpositively.Poor
nutritionhabitsandnotengaginginphysicalactivitycanleadtodiseaseslater
inlifesuchasheartdisease.

BrainByXochiPerez

Safelyprotectedbytheskull,thebrainisavitalorganresponsibleforbody
movement,intellectualcapacityandemotion,eachcontrolledbyaspecific
section.Physicalactivityandhealthimpactsthebrain.Studiesshowthat
physicalactivityhelpsteenssleepquality.Bothsleepandphysicalactivity
helpstudentsbecomemoreactiveandfocusedinschool.Exerciseand
healthyfoodprovidesthebrainwithnutrients,whichcanhelpaperson's
behaviorimprovefromsadtohappy.

Boneby:ConnorKlotz
Bonesarehardanddensetissuesthatmakeuptheskeletalsystem.
Theyremadeofcalciumphosphateandcalciumcarbonate.Bones
alsosustaintheimmunesystem'swhitebloodcells.Manypeople
begindevelopingproblemswiththeirbonesastheyage,aresultof
previousfracturesorbrokenbonesatayoungerage.Theintakeof
calciumandvitaminDforyoungteensisextremelyessentialtohelp
preventboneproblemsinthefuture.

Calcium byRachelEdwards

Calciumisabsorbedthroughdairy,leafygreens,orsupplements.This
mineralcombineswithvitaminDtoformbonestructure.Adolescents
areadvisedtohave1,300milligramsofcalciumdaily.Calciumis
releasedthroughourbodyeveryday,thereforemustbereabsorbedto
reestablishcalciumlevel.Withoutsubstantialcalcium,bonesbeginto
deteriorateinoldage,knownasosteoporosis.Calciumisalso
necessaryinordermaintainaproperlyfunctioningheart,muscle,and
nervoussystem.

ChromosomebyAustinRau

Chromosomesarethewayinwhichgenesarepackagedinthe
nucleus,whichdefinespecificcharacteristicsinthebody.Some
examplesofthesecharacteristicswouldbesex,haircolor,and
diseasepotential.AsinglechromosomeismadefromDNA,RNA,
andaproteincalledchromatin,whichtogetherforma
chromosomeinthenucleus.Eachnucleusconsistsoftwo
genomesandineachgenometherearetwentythreepairsof
chromosomes.

CardiovascularsystembyLoganLinder

Theheart,bloodvessels,andbloodarecomponentsof
thecardiovascularsystem.Thecardiovascularsystemis
responsibleforremovingcellularwasteandreplenishing
nutrientstothecells.Theefficiencyoftheheartinthe
systemisstrengthenedbyvigorousaerobicactivitythat
requireheavybreathing.Dietcanalsopositivelyor
negativelyaffectyourcardiovascularhealth.Anexample
ofanegativeeffectduetodietarebloodclots,which
preventbloodflow.

DietbyCharleneStephens

Whatoneeatsdefineshowhealthytheyare.Itaffectsones
healthtodayaswellasthefuturestateoftheirhealth.The
typesoffoodssomeoneeatseverydaycannourishtheir
bodyandcanaffecttheirphysiqueandmood.Pooreating
choicescanleadtotheriskofdiseases,obesity,ordeath.
Itsimportantthatindividualshaveabalanceddiet,factoring
inimportantcomponentssuchasprotein,calcium,and
vitamins.

DNAbyDylanGardner

DNAisamoleculethatgivesyourbodytheopportunitytogrowandexpand.The
instructionsforyourbodysgrowthandthechangesitgoesthrougharewithineverycell
passeddowntoapersonfromtheirparents.Ourbodieshave20,000genesthatarepassed
downfromgenerationtogeneration.YourDNAiswhatmakesyou,you.Itholdsyour
geneticcode,allofyourtraitswithinthesestrandsofproteinandsugar.DNAoftenholdsthe
potentialforgeneticdiseases,determiningwhich,ifanyatall,youareatriskfor.

DiseasebyParthRabadia

Everydaythehumanbodyisunderattackbydiseasewhich
threatenstodeteriorateahumanshealth.Theimmunesystemwill
trytoattackthediseaseinordertopreventillness.Ahumancanget
adiseasewhentheyarenotexercisingoreatinghealthy.Adisease
canhavesevereeffectsonahumanswellbeing,evenpreventing
participationinsomeactivities.

ExercisebyTylerLuce

Exerciseisanactivitythatincludesphysicaleffort.
Peoplewhoexercisedailyhavelowerrisksof
becomingobeseandpreventdiseases.Exercisecan
bedoinganythingthatrequiresanacceleratedheart
ratebygettingyourbodymoving.Therearemanyways
onecanengageinexercise,suchasdifferentformsof
physicalactivityorsportspractices.

EnergybyBenScott

Humansneedenergytosurviveandperformany
andalldailyactivities.Peoplegetenergyfrom
consumingfood,morespecificallythesugar,
protein,andfatinfoods.Theenergyfromsugar,
protein,andfataremeasuredinkilocalories.
AdenosineTriphosphate(ATP)isthecurrencyof
energy.ATPisachemicalsubstanceanditallows
ustousetheenergywegetfromfood.

EnvironmentbyJilianPorath

Teenscanbegreatlyaffectedbytheirenvironment.Their
settingsaremadeupofpeople,places,andeventsthat
occurintheirlife.Whensomeonessurroundingsarepoor,
especiallyateenagers,theirmentalandphysicalhealth
canbedamaged.Whenmentalandphysicalhealth
problemsariseasanadolescentthoseproblemscanlast
theirentirelife.Healthyeatingandexerciseimproves
physicalhealthandmentalhealthandinturngiveaperson
animprovedenvironment.

FitnessbySashaMazon

Fitnessistheconditionofonebeinghealthy.Oneisableto
achievethisbyparticipatinginphysicalactivity.Eatingnutritious
strengthenapersonsfocusandcomprehensionamongother
things.

FamilybyOliverHensley

Familiesareacollectionofindividualstiedtogetherwith
geneticrelationshipsandorthesharingofahousehold.
Manyteensobtaincharacteristicsthatarepasseddown
throughtheirfamily'sgenetics.Thiscanresultinchildren
carryingnegativetraitssuchasthesusceptibilitytoget
diseaseslikeobesity,diabetes,heartdiseaseandmore.

FatbyCarterCook

Substancesusedforfuelingthebodyareknownas
fat.Healthyamountsareobtainedbyingesting
nutritioussubstances.Largeorunhealthyquantities
canbefoundinsugarysubstancesandredmeat.
Twomaintypesoffataresaturatedandunsaturated,
bothgivingfuelforcells.Unsaturatedisharderto
obtaininconsiderableamounts,whilesaturatedcan
negativelyaffectcellsproductivityandreduces
effectivenessoftheimmunesystem.

GenomeBy:MikeMatticola

AgenomeisanentiresetofDNAincludingallofan
organism'sgeneticmaterial.Thesegenesdeterminea
personsphysicaltraits,suchasbonestrength,muscle
mass,skinandcolor.Thegenomefromanindividualcan
bestudiedtocreatepersonalizedmedicines,providing
guaranteedresultsinsteadoftrialanderrorwithother
medications,whichcouldbethedifferencebetweenlifeand
death.

GlucoseBy:MadalynMatosian

Glucoseisasugarfoundinplantsthatcanbeusedasenergyorfuelfor
thehumanbody.Itcanbetransferredtohumansintheformofbacteriaor
variouscarbohydrates.Glucoseactsasakeyformofenergythatwe
metabolizeconstantly.However,extraneousintakeofglucosecanslow
downourmetabolismwhichmayleadtodiseasessuchasobesityor
diabetes.

GeneticsBy:JonathanPadilla

Geneticsisthestudyofgenesandtheirvariations.Genesexpress
inheritedcharacteristicsthatgetpassedalongeachgeneration.
Althoughmaintainingahealthyandactivelifestyleisimportantforteen
healthandwellness,genesplayabigroleinoneshealth.Genetics
canalsopredictthelikelihoodofacertaindiseaseordisorder.

HappinessBy:EmilyShaffer

Physicalandmentalhealthareintertwined
together.Teensandadultsareintimesofhigh
stress,whichimpactstheirphysicalandmental
health.Studieshaveshownthatphysicalactivity
reducesstress,byreleasingendorphins,leading
toincreasedhappiness.Endorphinsareatypeof
brainchemicalthatsendelectricalsignals
throughoutthenervoussystem.

HabitsBy:DavidWoody

Habitsaresomethingthatonedoesinvoluntary.
Onecaneathealthyforawhileuntilithasbecome
partoftheireverydaylife.Habitscanhelpwhen
exercisingalsosomeonemaydothesameworkout
untilitbecomesmusclememory.Creatinghabitsof
exercisingandeatinghealthyisimportanttocreate
whenyoungwhichwillultimatelyhelponesphysical
health.

HeartBy:NatalyDiaz

Avitalorganinthehumancardiovascularsystem,continuously
pumpingbloodaroundthebodythroughbloodvessels,sending
oxygenthroughoutotherorgans.Bloodiscarriedtowardtheheart
throughveins,bloodcomingfromthelungstotheleftatriumis
carriedthroughpulmonaryveinswhilebloodcomingfromthebody
totherightatriumiscarriedthroughthesuperiorvenacavaand
inferiorvenacava.Keepingyourselfandyourhearthealthycan
preventheartattacksandheartdiseaseinyourfuture.

ImmuneSystembyMeganLambert

Thebodysorgansandprocessesthatprovideresistanceto
infection,toxinsandillnessesareapartoftheimmune
system.Organsincludingthethymus,lymphnodes,andbone
marrowareinchargeofprotectingthebodyfromtoxinsand
infections.Thissystemtypicallygrowsstrongerwithage.
Thosewithpoorimmunesystemsmaybemoresusceptibleto
manydifferentdiseasesandillnesses.

InfancybyKimberlyCastro

Infancyistheearlystageofdevelopment
duringahumanslifethatoftenshapesthe
personshealth.Thisstagepowerfully
influencesadolescentandadulthealthinthe
futureandcanhelppreventdiseases.Infancy
isastateofhighlevelsofmortalityduetothe
fragilityofthebodyatthisstate.

IllnessbyAlamAlvelais:

Illnessisbeinginanunhealthystateofmindandbody,
oftenassociatedwithmentaldiseasesandearlyprogressed
diseases.Illnessescanformfromunhealthyhabits,suchas
poornutrition,andearlychildhoodincidentssuchas
osteoporosis.Withoutpropercareofonesbody,illnesses
areaneasytargetforanindividual,consideringthatillness
comesinmanyformsthatcanseverelyaffectaperson's
life.

JoggingbyOliviaKucan

Joggingorrunningisapopularformofphysical
activitythatcanhelpbuildstrongbonesand
muscles,improvecardiovascularfitness,helpto
maintainahealthybodyweightandprovideoverall
healthyfitness.Whilestillyoung,joggingwill
promotehealthylifestylechoicesandhabitsinyouth,
whichwillleadtoahealthyfuture.

JointsbyDylanTagg

Jointsarepointsinthebodywheretwobonesconnect
andallowpartstomove.Theyaremadeupofcartilage
andconnectivetissueconnectedtothebonesand
musclesthroughligamentsandtendons.Jointsare
veryimportantformobility.Keepingactivewhileyoung
willstrengthenthetendonsandothercomponentsthat
makeupthejointandpreventmobilityproblemsinthe
future.

KidneybyMorganPost

Akidneyisoneoftwoorgansthatexcreteswaste
products,suchasurine,thatarearesultofthe
metabolism.Kidneysalsohelpmaintainanormalblood
pHlevel.HavinganormalbloodpHlevelkeepsproteins
fromundergoingchangeswhichwouldaffecttheir
efficiency.Kidneysareespeciallyvulnerableduring
adolescence,whendrugsandsubstancescanaffectthem
greatly.Itisimportanttokeepthemhealthyatayoung
age.

KungFubyCanaanDellaVecchia

Unlikemanyothermartialarts,KungFuisanaerobic,working
cardioandendurancebasedfightingstyle.Thisisopposedtoan
anaerobicart,whichexclusivelyworksstrength.KungFu
originatedinChinaandprovidesmanystrengthandendurance
relatedexercises.Aspectsofmentaldisciplineandoverallmental
healtharealsoimplementedinmostmartialarts.

KalebyCanaanDellaVecchia

Kaleisaleafygreenaswellasasuperfoodthatis
richinfiber,whichcleansyourcolonandhelpsfood
movefasterthroughyourintestines.Kalecontains
vitaminsA,C,K,andfolate,avariationofvitaminB
necessaryforbraindevelopment.Protein,which
helpsallpartsofthecellfunctionproperly,mayalso
befoundwithinthepropertiesofkale.

LifestylebyKiraMcKessonandMayaSaulino

Decisionsmadefromapersonsdevelopingyears
determinethefuturehealthofanindividualorgroupof
persons.Thesedecisionscanconsistofphysical
fitness/activity,choiceofdiet,substance/drugabuse,and
anysocialorpersonalinteraction.Poorlifestylechoicescan
negativelyaffectoverallhealthandmayleadtodisease,
whilegoodlifestylechoiceswillleadtoahealthylife.

LipidsbyKiraMcKessonandMayaSaulino

Lipidsarekeystructuralcomponentsofalivingcell
comprisedofcarbohydratesandfats.Acertainamount
oflipidsisvitaltoahealthylifestyle.Havingtoomany
ortoolittlemaycauseanumberofdisordersand
abnormalitiesincholesterollevels(amountoffatin
blood).

LongevitybyKiraMcKessonandMayaSaulino

Thedurationorlengthoflifeofalivingthingiscalled
longevity.Humansthatdevelophealthyhabits,exercise
regularlyandfueltheirbodywithnutritiousfoodaremore
likelytolivealongerandfullerlife.Superfoodsthat
contributetoincreasedlifeincludeblueberries,spinach,fish
andbroccoli.Dietcanbothpositivelyandnegativelyaffect
oneslife.

MuscularSystembyZachPaine

Themuscularsystemismadeupofallthemusclesofthe
body,collectivelyallowingmovement,posture,andcirculation.
Withoutthemuscularsystem,wewouldntbeabletoeven
moveletalonestayinshape.Differenttypesofmuscles,such
asvisceral,cardiac,andskeletal,areresponsiblefordifferent
functionsinthebody.Musclecanbebuiltupthroughvigorous
exercise.

MetabolismbyChrisBerarducci

Metabolismisachemicalprocessthatsustainslife
bybreakingdownsubstancesinanorganism.Itis
activeeverysecondofourlives,keepingusina
healthierstate.Exercisecanchangemetabolismby
makingitworkfasterwiththeheart.Without
metabolism,wewouldnothaveenergyormaintain
weighteasily.Metabolismisaffectedbythe
healthinessofthefoodthatoneeats.

MentalHealthbyHopeGolden

Apersonsmentalhealthdetermineshowsecuretheir
emotionalstateandmentalwellbeingis.Poormental
healthcancausehighlevelsofdistressinan
individual.Thisdistresscanleadtooverallfrustration
abouttheindividual'sviewofthemselvesandothers.
Itcancauseconditionssuchaspanicattacksand
highcholesterol.Onesfutureaspirationscanbe
impairedbylowselfesteem.

N
NeurologybyStefanStojanovic

Theareainbiologyandmedicinethatstudiestheorganicdisorders
ofnerves,anatomy,functions,andthenervoussystem.Itisvery
importantbecauseitcontrolsemotionsthatcancausepeopleto
developunhealthyeatingandexercisehabits.Ifonedevelops
unhealthyeatingandfitnesshabits,itcouldleadtomanyhealth
issuesincludingheartattacksorstroke.

NervousSystembySeanRusso

Thenervoussystemisagroupofcellsthatsendimpulsesthroughout
thebody.Itsvitaltoahealthybody,whenonedetectsaninjurywhile
exercising.Italsohelpsdetectfoodthatisnottypicallydigested,such
asveryprocessedfoodinapersonwhodoesnotusuallyconsume
processedfood.

NucleusbyAnayeliVasquez

Aroundedstructureboundbyadoublemembraneiscalledanucleus.An
organelleincellswithanucleuswhichhaveDNA,includesalllivingthings.The
nucleuscontrolsactivityofthecell.Itsessentialtohumanlifebecauseitcontains
geneticinformationthatallowstraitstobepasseddownanddetermineones
physicalcharacteristics.

ObesityByDenzelBeasley

Obesityisamedicaltermdescribinganexcessive
amountofbodyfat.Obesitymeansoneis
overweightfortheirheightorsize.30.034.9body
massindexisconsideredobese.Obesityalsocan
leadtochronicdiseases,likeheartdisease,
stroke,arthritis,diabetes,evensomeformsof
cancer.Beingphysicallyactivealongwitha
properdietcancureorpreventobesity.

OsteoporosisbyNicholasRidley

Acommonbonedisease,osteoporosis,reducesthe
densityofbonesinthebody,increasingtheriskof
damageinbones.Themostcommoncausesforthisis
thelackofcalciumorvitaminD,genetics,substance
abuse,orareductionofhormonesinthebody.
Osteoporosiscanbeeasilypreventedthroughlivinga
healthylifestyleregularexerciseandproperamountsof
nutrients.

OxygenbyNicholasRidley

Anaturalelement,oxygenisoneofthefouressentialcomponents
forlifeonearth.Foundinnearlyeveryproteinandeverycellis
oxygen.Beingusedineveryfunctionofthehumanbody,itiscrucial
tohumanhealth.Havingalackofoxygencanleadtotrouble
thinking,whilehavingsufficientoxygenwillimprovementalclarity
andmovement.

ProteinbySavannahPipp

Proteinsarelarge,complexmoleculesthatserveasvitalnutrients
usedasanenergysourcebythebody.Proteinsfunctionasbody
tissuethatmakeupmostofahumanorganism,alsocarrying
oxygenthroughtheblood.Ahighinproteindiet,includingeggs,
poultry,nuts,seafood,redmeat,anddairyisessentialforahealthy
andpositivelifestyle.

PreventionbyJakeMurphy

Preventionistheactofhinderingor
stoppingathreatorpotentialthreat.
Differentvirusesordiseasesprevent
specificorgansormusclesfromworking.
Theimmunesystem'sjobistoprevent
virusesfromcompromisingapersons
wellbeing.Takingactiontodayto
improveoneshealthcanpreventthe
riskofdiseaselaterinlife.

PhysicalEducationbyLucerito

Physicaleducationisteachingothersabouttheimportanceof
havingahealthylife.Thistopicisnotonlyimportantfor
adolescents,butalsoforadultsbecausetheconsequencesof
notknowingcanleadtolonglastingdisease.Thebenefits
physicaleducationcanprovideknowledgeandskills.These
skillsincludeabilitytocommunicatewithothers,building
motorskills,beingacriticalandcreativethinker.

QualitativebyJulianCervantesandMcCallChristiansen
Studyingdatabyrecordingthequality,description,ortraitsofan
observationisknownasqualitativedata.Forexample,moodscanbe
measuredthroughqualitativemeansafterperformingmentaland
physicalexercises.Moodscannotbemeasuredonanumericalscale,
butinsteadwithqualityresponses.Onecananalyzetheresponses
underasingularconceptbygroupingthemintocategoricalsections.

QuantitativebyJulianCervantes

Quantitativedataisstudyingdatausingvaluesthatcan
bemeasuredinanumericalform.Forexample,
exercisingcanberecordedinaquantitativestudy,by
observingthenumericalvaluesofeachpersonsmile
time,pushupcount,andheartrate.Thegathereddata
canbeusedtodevelopevenmorefindings,includingthe
mean,standarddeviation,quartiles,andzscore.

QuadricepsbyMcCallChristiansen

Anextensormuscleinthelegcomprisedoffourpartsiscalleda
quadricep.Thisconnectstothecalftohelpthebodyperformleg
movements.Altogether,thesemusclesfunctionandcontributeto
exercise,includingrunning,swimming,andcycling.Workingoutthis
musclecanbebeneficialtoonescardiovascularhealthand
improvingthelowerbodysphysicalcapacity.

RNAbyEmilyDavis
RNAistheabbreviationforribonucleicacid.Astrandof
moleculeslocatedinacell,RNAhasmanydifferenttypesof
moleculesfordifferentfunctionsinthebody.DifferentRNA
strandscancarrygeneticinformationforproteins,diseases,
andregulatingcells.WithoutRNA,proteinswouldnotbeable
tofunctionproperlyandcellswouldbecomecancerous.

RunningbyMikaylaElliot

Running,atypeofcardioworkouthelpstheheart
andbodybecomestronger.Runningreducesthe
riskofheartattacks,highcholesterol,diabetes,and
otherheartdiseases.Itisalsoabigfactorto
becominghealthyandphysicallyfit,andcanserve
asausefuloutlettostressandnegativeemotions.

RespiratorySystem

TherespiratorysystemIsresponsibleforsupplyingyourbodywithoxygen
andexpellingcarbondioxide.Manyteensexperimentwithcigarettesand
drugswhichcandamageyourrespiratorysystem,makingbreathingmore
difficult.Thismeansthatlessoxygenisadmittedintothebloodstream,
allowingothersystemslessenergytoperformproperly.

S
StressbyAllieChazen

Stressisachemicalreactiontoemotionaldistressina
personslife.Itcanaffectteensphysicallyaswellas
mentally.Stresscaneruptintomoreemotionalorphysical
disruptionssuchasdepressioniftheydontmanageit.
Treatmentstartsbybeingawareofsymptomsthentaking
actionwhichcanincludemeditating,therapyorremoving
stressfulsituationsfromdailylife.

SkeletalSystembyJaredDavis

Theskeletalsystemisthestructureofcalciumsuppliedbonesthat
makeuptheinteriorsupportsystemforhumans.Moderateexercise
atanappropriateagemakesforhealthybones.Whenapersons
bodyisntcapableofdoingcertainactivities,itcanresultinlasting
bonedamage.Foroptimalskeletalhealth,consumeagoodamount
ofcalciumandvitaminDalongwithexercise.

SleepbyIanCourtney
Sleepisthestateofmusclerelaxationthat
mammalsusetoconserveenergy.While
asleep,thebodyregeneratesitselfand
repairstissues,growsmuscle,and
synthesizesprotein.Sleepincreases
adolescentsgrowthrateandisalsovery
crucialaspectforteenstofunctionproperly,
whoneedabout81/2hours.Lackofsleep
leadstolimitationsinlearning,
concentration,andfocus.

TeenagerbyBelleBarreiroSeiden,QuinnPear,
andMikeyKnowles

Adolescentsages1319whoareofteninfluencedby
socialmedia,currenttrends,andthepeoplewho
surroundthemduringthesetimesofdevelopment.These
influences,aswellasstressandamountsofphysical
activity,impacttheirphysicalandmentalhealthdaily.
Exerciseiscrucialduringtheseyearsbecauseboth
malesandfemalesareinatransformativetimeofgrowth.

TimeManagementbyBelleBarreiroSeiden,QuinnPear,
andMikeyKnowles

Prioritizationoftimeaddressingproductivityandefficiencydefines
timemanagement.Ithelpsstudentsbalanceschoolworkand
activities.Whensomeoneisabletomanagetheirtimewellcan
reducestress,andhelpimmunesystemfightoffviruses,bacteria,
anddiseases.Eatingright,exercisingregularly,andgettingenough
sleephavemajorbenefits,aslistedaboveandlowertheriskof
mentalhealthdisorders.

TransformationbyBelleBarreiroSeiden,Quinn
Pear,andMikeyKnowles

Thestagesofpubertyfoundinteensbeginsbetween
1016yearsold.Thistransformationofanadolescent
changesboththephysicalandmentalaspectsoftheir
body.Thisdrasticchangeresultsintheneedformoreof
essentialnutrientsthataidinchangeanddevelopmentof
thebody.Someoftheseessentialnutrientsinclude:
calcium,omega3,vitamins,zinc,iron,andprotein.

UpsetbyChrisMuoz

Beingupsetisanemotionandastateofmentality.Some
causescouldbeanunexpectedresultofasituation,such
assomeone'semotionalstatebeingharmed.Beingupset
shouldntbeoverlooked,itcouldoverwhelmoneand
possiblyprovokeirrationalthoughtsandlowselfesteem.
Thiscanaffectonesphysicalhealth,makingthemmore
susceptibletodisease.Physicalactivitycanalsohelp
improveonesmentalhealthandmood.

UltrasoundbyDianaRothman

Anultrasoundisamachinethatreadssoundwavescreated
andrecapturedbyahandhelddevice.Thisproceduredoes
notrequireentryintothebodyandallowsfortheobservation
ofabnormalchanges.Ultrasoundsareusedtodiagnose
bodilyproblemsinearlystageswithoutpotentialrisks.This
isespeciallyusefulfordetectingheartrelatedissueslike
arterialblockage.

UnderweightbyBilalSalinggih

Underweightisaconditioninwhichapersonsbodyweightis
significantlybelowwhatisconsideredhealthy,usuallyassociatedwith
otherconditionssuchasmalnutrition,anorexia,andosteoporosis.
Underweightisaconcernforadolescents,whoareintheirmostcritical
partofmentalandphysicaldevelopment.Onecangainweightby
increasingtheircalorieintake,workingout,andeatingfoodrichin
nutrition.

VitaminsbyAlanaHey

Organicsubstancesofmanydifferentvarietiescalled
vitaminsareusedforgrowth,tomaintainhealthandaidwith
disordersinteensandadults.Vitaminsaretakenseparately
becauseourbodiesareunabletocreatecertainnutrientswe
need.VitaminCbenefitstheimmunesystem,vitaminD
helpsbonehealth.Vitaminsfromthefoodsweeatevery
day,suchasmilk,beansandfruit.

VaccinebyJoshuaLundblade

Vaccinesaremedicalsubstancesusedasa
pretreatmenttopreventcontractingaspecific
illnessessuchasdiseasesandvirusesinteensand
adults.Administeredatyoungages,themainpurpose
istoinformtheimmunesystembeforehandand
strengthenagainstthesetypesofdiseasesby
producingantibodies.Thismakesoneimmunetothe
diseasespecifictothevaccine.

VascularSystembyMykaelaBarnes

Thevascularsystemconsistsofarteriesandvesselsthatcarrybloodfrom
theheartthroughoutthebody.Thevascularsystemisresponsiblefor
regulatingtemperature,transportingnutrients,andmaintaininganoverall
balanceoffluids.Ifpoorexercise,eating,andsmokinghabitsaredeveloped
atayoungage,individualsaremoresusceptibletovasculardisease,which
cancauseheartattacks,strokes,andaneurysms.

WellnessByBrendaArellano

Thestateoffullphysical,mental,andsocialhealth,and
comfortconstitutesaswellness.Wellnessisaconstant
actionofchangeandgrowth.Therearesevenequalparts
tothewellnesscycle:occupational,emotional,spiritual,
environmental,physical,social,andintellectual.Teenscan
reachthebesthealthlevelbybeingawareofhowto
maintaineachofthedimensionsofwellness.

WeightManagementByAlekseiStojanovic

Weightmanagementistheactionorprocessofeating
certainfoodsordieting.Itsaboutengagingincertain
exercisestotogaintoloseormaintainonesweight.A
healthyweightcanpreventchronicdiseasesdirectly
influencedbycardiovascularhealth.Overweightor
underweightbodiesaremoreinfluencedbydiseases
suchasheartdisease,strokes,highbloodpressure,
andosteoarthritis.

WillPowerAlekseiStojanovic

Willpoweristheactionorpsychologicalidea
ofcarryingoutonesintentionsforaspecific
reason.Theseintentionsinmostcaseshave
todowithhealthylifestyleandhealthchoices.
Willpoweristhoughtofasamentalmuscle
thatstrengthenseverytimeonespure
intentionsovercometemptationlikesmoking,
drinking,eatingjunkfood,andsittingonthe
couchinsteadofexercising.

X,Y

XRaybyBrylerBarnhillandNoahWilfert

Xraysuseelectromagneticradiationtoseethrough
structuresofthebodyandthencreateimagesofthe
structures.Throughthis,doctorsareabletoseethesize,
shapeandlocationofbones.Onecanseetheamountof
calciuminyourbonesfatandmuscles.Whilebeing
active,childrenandteenscaninjurethemselves,an
XRayisusedtodiagnosetheinjury.

YogabyAlannaOzun

Yogaisaphysical,mental,andspiritual
practice.Itiscomposedofaseriesof
differentexercisesandposes,aimingto
promotephysicalandmentalwellness.Doing
yogaimprovesflexibility,relaxesmuscles,and
helpstofocusthemind.Likeanytypeof
physicalactivity,yogareleasesendorphinsin
thebrain,whichhelptoimprovemoodand
relievestress.

Zone,HealthyFitnessbySerinaChavez,SeanMcBride,&
CammiElliott

Oftendescribedbyonesage,gender,andactivitylevels,theHealthy
FitnessZoneisanideallevelofhealthonestrivestobein.Ratherthan
comparingapersontoothers,oneiscomparedtoageneral
predeterminedlevel.Inschools,teensandadolescentsshould
participateinphysicalactivityandeducationtoreachtheselevelsin
ordertobeconsideredhealthy.

ZenbySerinaChavez,SeanMcBride,&
CammiElliott

Thestateofmindorlifethathonorscompletepeace
andenlightenment,zenisusuallyacquiredthrough
repeatedmeditationandyoga.Zenisviewedas
mentalhealthandisencouragedinthosewhoare
oftenstressed.Achievingzenthroughmeditationis
anidealandrecommendedtoolformaintaininga
healthymindinteensoradolescents.

WorksCited:

A
http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/aerobics?&o=100074&s=t
http://www.sciencedaily.com/articles/a/aerobic_exercise.htm
http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/age
http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/athletics
B
http://www.mayoclinic.org/healthyliving/fitness/indepth/exercise/art20048389?pg=1
http://well.blogs.nytimes.com/2014/04/02/howexercisecanhelpyoulivelonger/?_r=0
http://www.fitday.com/fitnessarticles/fitness/exercises/whyexercisebooststheimmunesyste
m.html#b
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/teenbrain/
http://www.urmc.rochester.edu/encyclopedia/content.aspx?ContentTypeID=160&ContentID=3
5
http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/bonediseases.html
http://bones.ame.nd.edu/factsheet1.pdf
C
http://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/CalciumHealthProfessional/#h2
http://www.niams.nih.gov/Health_Info/Bone/Bone_Health/Nutrition/
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK22256/
http://www.genome.gov/26524120
http://www.innerbody.com/anatomy/cardiovascularmale
http://healthyliving.azcentral.com/listbenefitscardiovascularendurance6457.html
http://www.medicinenet.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=11059

D
http://www.takingcharge.csh.umn.edu/enhanceyourwellbeing/health/dietnutrition/whatdietn
utrition
http://www.fitness.gov/eathealthy/whyisitimportant/
http://www.thefreedictionary.com/DNA
http://www.merriamwebster.com/dictionary/disease

E
http://www.merriamwebster.com/dictionary/exercise
http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/environment

F
http://www.healthline.com/health/depression/mentalfitness
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Physical_fitness
http://www.genesinlife.org/genesyourhealth/howdogenesimpacthealthanddisease

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK19932/
http://www.myfoodrecord.com/terms/fat.html

G
http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/handbook/hgp/genome
http://www.precisionnutrition.com/researchreviewfructosevsglucose
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Glucose#Energy_source
https://www.google.com/#q=genetics+definition
H
http://www.medicinenet.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=55001
http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/habit
http://www.sciencekids.co.nz/sciencefacts/humanbody/heart.html

I
www.oxforddictionaries.com/us/definition/english/immunesystemand
www.kidshealth.org/parent/general/body_basics/immune.html#
http://www.merriamwebster.com/dictionary/infancy
http://www.merriamwebster.com/dictionary/illness
J
http://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/bhcv2/bhcarticles.nsf/pages/Running_and_jogging?open
http://www.medicinenet.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=4074
K
http://www.webmd.com/foodrecipes/kalenutritionandcooking
L
http://www.merriamwebster.com/dictionary/lifestyle
http://medicaldictionary.thefreedictionary.com/lifestyle
http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/lipid
http://www.merriamwebster.com/dictionary/longevity

M
http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/muscular+system
http://www.innerbody.com/image/musfov.html#fulldescription
http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/us/definition/american_english/metabolism?searchDictCod
e=all
http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/english/mentalhealth

N
http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/us/definition/american_english/neurology?q=Neurology

http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/us/definition/american_english/nervoussystem?q=nervous
+system
http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/us/definition/american_english/nucleus?searchDictCode=a

O
http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/obesity.html
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0001400/

P
http://www.medicinenet.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=6554
http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/nutritionsource/whatshouldyoueat/protein/
http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/prevention
http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/physical+education

Q
http://www.merriamwebster.com/dictionary/qualitative
http://www.merriamwebster.com/dictionary/quantitative
http://www.merriamwebster.com/dictionary/quadriceps

R
http://www.rnasociety.org/about/whatisrna/
http://exercise.about.com/cs/cardioworkouts/a/cardio101.htm
http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/running
http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/respiratory+system
http://www.merriamwebster.com/dictionary/respiratory%20system

S
http://www.psychologytoday.com/basics/stress
http://www.innerbody.com/image/skelfov.html#fulldescription
http://healthysleep.med.harvard.edu/healthy/matters/benefitsofsleep/whydowesleep

T
http://www.merriamwebster.com/dictionary/teenage
http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/time+management
http://www.merriamwebster.com/dictionary/transformation
www.medicinenet.com/puberty/article.htm

U
http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/upset
http://www.merriamwebster.com/dictionary/ultrasound
http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003336.htm
http://www.mayoclinic.org/testsprocedures/ultrasound/basics/definition/prc20020341
http://www.mayoclinic.org/healthyliving/nutritionandhealthyeating/expertanswers/underwei
ght/faq20058429

V
http://www.merriamwebster.com/dictionary/vitami
http://www.merriamwebster.com/dictionary/vaccine?show=0&t=1417545624
http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/healthlibrary/conditions/cardiovascular_diseases/overview_of
_the_vascular_system_85,P08254/
http://www.vascularcures.org/aboutvasculardisease/howtopreventvasculardisease

W
http://www.surgeryencyclopedia.com/StWr/WeightManagement.html
http://www.apa.org/helpcenter/willpowerliving.aspx

X
http://www.healthofchildren.com/UZ/XRays.html
http://www.infoplease.com/encyclopedia/science/xrayapplicationsxrays.html
http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/xrays.html

Y
http://www.thefreedictionary.com/yoga
http://www.webmd.com/fitnessexercise/tc/yogatopicoverview
http://yoga.org.nz/whatisyoga/yoga_definition.htm
Z
http://www.fitnessgram.net/faqs/parentsfaqenglish
http://www.merriamwebster.com/dictionary/zen