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of the upper layer of concrete of thickness of 30 mm was proposed (Sokol and Wald, 1997)

according to the observation of experiments with concrete surface only, with poor grout
quality and with high grout quality. For analytical prediction the reduction factor of the
surface quality was observed from 1,0 till 1,55. For the proposed model the value 1,50 had
been proposed, see Figure 2.1.12 and 2.1.13, see Eq. (2.1.20).
The simplified procedure to calculate the stiffness of the component concrete in compression
and base plate in bending can be summarised in Eurocode 3 Annex J form as
kc =

E c a eq.el L
Ec a eq.el L
F
=
=
,
E 1,5 * 0 ,85 E
1,275 E

(2.1.20)

where
a eq.el
L
t
tw

the equivalent width of the T-stub, a e.el = tw + 2,5 t,


the length of the T-stub,
the flange thickness of the T-stub, the base plate thickness,
the web thickness of the T-stub, the column web or flange thickness.

2.1.4 Validation
The proposed model is validated against the tests for strength and for stiffness separately. 50
tests in total were examined in this part of study to check the concrete bearing resistance
(DEWOLF, 1978, HAWKINS, 1968). The test specimens consist of a concrete cube of size
from 150 to 330 mm with centric load acting through a steel plate. The size of the concrete
block, the size and thickness of the steel plate and the concrete strength are the main
variables.

2.10