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simplicity it is proposed to make no compensation for the fact that the concrete block is not

infinite.
From the strength procedure the effective with of a T-stub is calculated as

a eq.str = t w + 2 c = t w + 2 t

3 f

M0

(2.1.19)

Based on test, see Figure 2.1.7 - 2.1.8, and FE simulation, see Figure 2.1.9, it may occur that
the value of a eq.str is also a sufficient good approximation for the width of the equivalent rigid
plate as the expression based on elastic deformation only. If this is the case, it has a practical
advantage for the application by designers. However, in the model a eq.str will become
dependent on strength properties of steel in concrete, which is not the case in the elastic stage,
On Figure 2.1.6 is shown the influence of the base plate steel quality for particular example
on the concrete quality - deformation diagram for flexible plate t = tw = 20 mm,
Leff = 300 mm, F = 1000 kN. From the diagram it can be seen that the difference between
aeq.el = tw + 2,5 t and a eq.str = tw + 2 c is limited.

Deformation, mm

a eq.str

0,25

for strength, S 235


for strength, S 275

0,20

for strength, S 355


0,15

F = 1000 kN
t w = 20 mm
t = 20 mm

0,10

a eq.el

L = 300 mm

elastic model,
S 235, S 275, S 355

0,05

0,00

Concrete, f ck
, MPa
10

15

20

25

30

35

40

Figure 2.1.6 Comparison of the prediction of the effective width on concrete - deformation
diagram for particular example for unlimited concrete block kj = 5, base plate and web
thickness 20 mm, L = 300 mm, force F = 1000 kN
The concrete surface quality is affecting the stiffness of this component. Based on the tests
Alma and Bijlaard, (1980), Sokol and Wald, (1997). The reduction of modulus of elasticity
2.9