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Equations

Name __

Date _

Write a balanced chemical equation to represent each of the following chemical reactions.

1. iron + sulfur -+ iron(II) sulfide

2. zinc + copper(II) sulfate -+ zinc sulfate + copper

3. silver nitrate + sodium bromide -+ sodium nitrate + silver bromide

4. potassium chlorate (heated) -+ potassium chloride + oxygen

5. water ( electricity) -+ hydrogen + oxygen

6. mercury(II) oxide (heated) -+ mercury + oxygen

7. potassium iodide + lead(II) nitrate -+ lead(II) iodide + potassium nitrate

8. aluminum + oxygen -+ aluminum oxide

9. magnesium chloride + ammonium nitrate -+ magnesium nitrate + ammonium chloride

/

10. iron(III) chloride + ammonium hydroxide -+ iron(III) hydroxide + ammonium chloride

11. sodium peroxide + water -+ sodium hydroxide + oxygen

12. iron (III) oxide + carbon -+ iron + carbon monoxide

13. iron + water -+ hydrogen + iron(III) oxide

-- _____

14. i;~n(III) chloride + potassium hydroxide -+ potassium chloride + iron(III) hydroxide

15. aluminum + sulfuric acio":':Valuminum sulfate + hydrogen

16. sodium carbonate + calcium hydroxide -+ sodium hydroxide + calcium carbonate

© 1984, 1993,20011. Weston Walch, Publisher

37

(continued) @ Chemistry Problems

Equations (continued)

Name __

Date _

17. carbon dioxide + water _. carbonic acid

18. phosphorus + oxygen .... diphosphorus pentoxide

19. sodium + water _. sodium hydroxide + hydrogen

20. zinc + sulfuric acid _. zinc sulfate + hydrogen

21. aluminum sulfate + calcium hydroxide .... aluminum hydroxide + calcium sulfate

22. calcium oxide + water _. calcium hydroxide

23. iron + copper(I) nitrate _. iron(II) nitrate + copper

24. iron(II) sulfide + hydrochloric acid _. hydrogen sulfide + iron(II) chloride

25. potassium oxide + water _. potassium hydroxide

26. ammonium sulfide + lead(II) nitrate _. ammonium nitrate + lead(II) sulfide

27. mercury(II) hydroxide + phosphoric acid _. mercury(II) phosphate + water

28. potassium hydroxide + phosphoric acid _. potassium phosphate + water

29. calcium chloride + nitric acid _. calcium nitrate + hydrochloric acid

30. potassium carbonate + barium chloride _. potassium chloride + barium carbonate

31. magnesium hydroxide + sulfuric acid _. magnesium sulfate + water

32. sulfur dioxide + water _. sulfurous acid

33. sodium carbonate +hydrochloric acid _. sodium chloride + water + carbon dioxide

34. magnesium + nitric acid _. magnesium nitrate + hydrogen

© 1984, 1993,2001 1. Weston Walch, Publisher

38

(continued) @ Chemistry Problems

-- -------~.-~~~~~~---

Equations (continued)

Name __

Date _

35. aluminum + iron(III) oxide _. aluminum oxide + iron

36. potassium phosphate + magnesium chloride _. magnesium phosphate + potassium chloride

37. ammonia + oxygen _. nitrogen + water

38. calcium carbonate (heated) _. calcium oxide + carbon dioxide

39. sodium chloride + sulfuric acid _. sodium sulfate + hydrochloric acid

40. fluorine + sodium hydroxide _. sodium fluoride + oxygen + water

41. magnesium nitrate + calcium iodide _. calcium nitrate + magnesium iodide

42. aluminum sulfate + ammonium bromide _. aluminum bromide + ammonium sulfate

43. potassium fluoride + barium bromide _. barium fluoride + potassium bromide

44. copper(II) nitrate + ammonium hydroxide _. copper(II) hydroxide + ammonium nitrate

45. sodium nitrate (heated) _. sodium nitrite + oxygen

46. lead(II) hydroxide (heated) _. lead(II) monoxide + water

47. ammonia + sulfuric acid _. ammonium sulfate

48. hydrochloric acid + ammonia _. ammonium chloride

49. copper(II) sulfate + iron _. iron(II) sulfate + copper

50. aluminum + hydrochloric acid _. aluminum chloride + hydrogen

51. carbon + oxygen _. carbon dioxide

52. calcium bicarbonate + calcium hydroxide _. calcium carbonate + water

© 1984, 1993,20011. Weston Walch, Publisher

39

(continued) @ Chemistry Problems

Equations (continued)

Name __

Date _

53. hydrogen sulfide + oxygen --+ water + sulfur

54. sodium hydroxide + calcium nitrate --+ sodium nitrate + calcium hydroxide

55. potassium iodide + chlorine --+ potassium chloride + iodine

56. sulfuric acid + potassium hydroxide --+ potassium sulfate + water

57. carbon dioxide + carbon --+ carbon monoxide

58. calcium sulfate + sodium carbonate --+ calcium carbonate + sodium sulfate

59. water + diphosphorous pentoxide --+ phosphorus acid

60. aluminum + phosphoric acid --+ hydrogen + aluminum phosphate

61. ammonium chloride + sodium nitrite --+ sodium chloride + nitrogen + water

62. chlorine + sodium hydroxide --+ sodium chloride + sodium hypochlorite + water

63. lead(II) nitrate (heated) --+ lead monoxide + nitrogen dioxide + oxygen

64. mercury(I) oxide + oxygen --+ mercury(II) oxide

65. calcium oxide + magnesium chloride --+ magnesium oxide + calcium chloride

66. calcium + water --+ calcium hydroxide + hydrogen

67. chromium(III) chloride + sulfuric acid --+ chromium(III) sulfate + hydrochloric acid

68. iron(III) nitrate + ammonium hydroxide --+ iron(III) hydroxide + ammonium nitrate

69. aluminum chloride + potassium phosphate --+ aluminum phosphate + potassium chloride

© 1984, 1993,20011. Weston Walch, Publisher

(continued) (i) Chemistry Problems

40

-------------------------------- -----------

Equations (continued)

Name __

Date _

70. aluminum oxide + carbon + chlorine -+ carbon monoxide + aluminum chloride

71. copper (I) oxide + hydrochloric acid -+ copper (I) chloride + water

72. magnesium bicarbonate + hydrochloric acid -+ magnesium chloride + water + carbon dioxide

73. iron + oxygen -+ iron (III) oxide

74. silicon + water (heated) -+ silicon dioxide + hydrogen

75. iron(III) oxide + carbon monoxide -+ iron + carbon dioxide

76. calcium chloride + chromium(III) nitrate -+ calcium nitrate + chromium(III) chloride

77. zinc sulfide + oxygen -+ zinc oxide + sulfur dioxide

78. calcium phosphate + sulfuric acid -+ calcium sulfate + phosphoric acid

79. iron (III) hydroxide (heated) -+ iron(III) oxide + water

80. aluminum sulfate + sodium bicarbonate -+ aluminum hydroxide + sodium sulfate + carbon dioxide

81. calcium phosphate + silicon dioxide + carbon -+ phosphorus + calcium silicate + carbon monoxide

82. calcium oxide + sulfur dioxide -+ calcium sulfite

83. carbon dioxide + magnesium hydroxide -+ magnesium carbonate + water

84. calcium oxide + hydrochloric acid -+ calcium chloride + water

85. calcium carbonate + silicon dioxide -+ calcium silicate + carbon dioxide

86. antimony + chlorine -+ antimony trichloride

© 1984, 1993,2001 1. Weston Walch, Publisher

41

(continued) @ Chemistry Problems

Equations (continued)

Name _

Dne __

87. magnesium nitride + water -+ magnesium hydroxide + ammonia

88. arsenic + oxygen -+ arsenic(III) oxide

89. ammonium bicarbonate (heated) -+ ammonia + water + carbon dioxide

90. copper(II) oxide + ammonia -+ copper + water + nitrogen

91. ammonium dichromate (heated) -+ chromium trioxide + nitrogen + water

92. hydrogen sulfide + cadmium nitrate -+ nitric acid + cadmium sulfide

93. barium bromide + sodium phosphate -+ barium phosphate + sodium bromide

94. aluminum chloride + ammonium fluoride -+ aluminum fluoride + ammonium chloride

95. silver nitrate + potassium sulfate -+ silver sulfate + potassium nitrate

96. bismuth nitrate + calcium iodide -+ bismuth iodide + calcium nitrate

97. aluminum chromate + ammonium sulfate -+ ammonium chromate + aluminum sulfate

98. zinc nitrate + ammonium bromide -+ zinc bromide + ammonium nitrate

99. bismuth nitrate + ammonium hydroxide -+ bismuth hydroxide + ammonium nitrate

100. cadmium nitrate + sulfuric acid -+ cadmium sulfate + nitric acid

101. zinc + silver iodide -+ zinc iodide + silver

102. iron(lII) chloride + sulfuric acid -+ iron(lII) sulfate + hydrochloric acid

103. bismuth sulfate + ammonium hydroxide -+ bismuth hydroxide + ammonium sulfate

104. hydrogen iodide + oxygen -+ iodine + water

© 1984, 1993,20011. Weston Walch, Publisher

(continued) @ Chemistry Problems

42

Eq uations (continued)

Name __

Date _

105. potassium sulfate + barium chloride -+ barium sulfate + potassium chloride

106. barium sulfate + carbon -+ barium sulfide + carbon monoxide

107. aluminum oxide + hydrofluoric acid -+ aluminum fluoride + water

108. aluminum fluoride + sulfuric acid -+ aluminum sulfate + hydrogen fluoride

109. potassium iodide + hydrogen peroxide -+ potassium hydroxide + iodine

110. zinc + iron(III) sulfate -+ zinc sulfate + iron(II) sulfate

Ill. lead(II) sulfide + lead monoxide -+ lead + sulfur dioxide

112. copper + sulfuric acid -+ copper(II) sulfate + water + sulfur dioxide

113. aluminum hydroxide (heated) -+ aluminum oxide + water

114. nitrogen + hydrogen -+ ammonia

115. sodium carbonate + carbonic acid -+ sodium bicarbonate

116. silicon dioxide + hydrofluoric acid -+ water + silicon tetrafluoride

117. sodium hypochlorite -+ sodium chloride + sodium chlorate

118. sodium chlorite + chlorine -+ sodium chloride + chlorine dioxide

119. methane + sulfur dioxide (heated) -+ hydrogen sulfide + carbon dioxide + hydrogen

120. tellurous acid -+ tellurium dioxide + water

121. iron(II) selenide + hydrochloric acid -+ iron(II) chloride + hydrogen selenide

122. magnesium + nitrogen -+ magnesium nitride

© 1984, 1993,2001 1. Weston Walch, Publisher

43

(continued) ~

Chemistry Problems

Equations (continued)

Name _

Date _

123. silver cyanide + potassium -+ potassium cyanide + silver

124. copper(lI) sulfate + ammonia -+ cupriammonia sulfate

125. calcium carbide + nitrogen -+ calcium cyanamide + carbon

126. calcium cyanamide + water -+ calcium carbonate + ammonia

127. zinc arsenide + hydrochloric acid -+ arsine + zinc chloride

128. lead(II) hydroxide + sodium stannite -+ lead + sodium stannate + water

129. sodium silicate + hydrochloric acid -+ sodium chloride + silicic acid

130. boron trioxide + magnesium -+ magnesium oxide + boron

131. iron(II) cyanide + potassium cyanide -+ potassium ferro cyanide

132. sodium aluminate + ammonium chloride -+ ammonium aluminum oxide + sodium chloride

133. aluminum hydroxide + sodium hydroxide -+ sodium aluminate + water

134. tungsten + chlorine (heated) -+ tungsten hexachloride

135. calcium + ammonia -+ calcium hydride + nitrogen

136. sodium wolframate + sulfuric acid -+ sodium sulfate + tungstic acid

137. lithium hydride + water -+ lithium hydroxide + hydrogen

138. boric acid -+ tetraboric acid + water

139. zinc hydroxide + potassium hydroxide -+ potassium zincate + water

140. nickel + carbon monoxide -+ nickel carbonyl

© 1984,1993,2001 1. Weston Walch, Publisher

~

Chemistry Problems

44

Reaction Prediction

Name __

Date _

In each of the following examples:

(a) State what type of reaction is expected.

(b) Tell whether the reaction will occur or not, and why.

(c) Write the balanced equation for those reactions that do take place; write the symbols and formulas of the reactants for those reactions that do occur.

(d) Indicate whether double replacement reactions are reversible or irreversible.

1. aluminum plus hydrochloric acid
2. calcium hydroxide plus nitric acid
3. aluminum plus magnesium
4. magnesium plus zinc nitrate
5. mercury plus oxygen
6. zinc chloride plus hydrogen sulfide
7. dinitrogen pentoxide plus water
8. silver chloride plus sodium nitrate
9. sodium chlorate (heated)
10. barium nitrate plus sodium chromate
11. sodium bromide plus silver nitrate
12. calcium phosphate plus aluminum sulfate
13. zinc carbonate (heated)
14. mercury(I) sulfate plus ammonium nitrate
© 1984, 1993,2001 J. Weston Walch, Publisher 45 (continued) @ Chemistry Problems

Reaction Prediction (continued)

15. potassium plus fluorine
16. potassium nitrate plus zinc phosphate
17. lithium oxide plus water
18. sodium chloride (electrolyzed)
19. silver plus barium
20. iron(III) hydroxide plus phosphoric acid
21. sodium plus nitric acid
22. iron(III) iodide plus cupric nitrate
23. copper plus sulfuric acid
24. lead plus potassium chlorate
25. sulfur dioxide plus water
26. oxygen plus sulfur
27. sodium sulfate plus barium chloride
28. ammonium phosphate plus lithium hydroxide
29. hydrogen plus oxygen
30. mercury plus nitric acid
31. sodium oxide plus water
32. calcium carbonate plus lithium chloride
© 1984, 1993,2001 1. Weston Walch, Publisher 46 Name __

Date _

(continued) @ Chemistry Problems

Reaction Prediction (continued)

33. mercury(I) sulfate plus hydrochloric acid

34. potassium nitrate (heated)

35. chlorine plus bromine

36. mercury(I) nitrate plus sodium carbonate

37. magnesium plus hydrochloric acid

38. water (electrolyzed)

39. ammonium nitrite plus barium hydroxide

40. ammonium sulfate plus calcium hydroxide

41. mercury(II) oxide (heated)

42. ammonium phosphate plus aluminum chloride

43. barium oxide plus water

44. iron(III) hydroxide plus nitric acid

45. calcium plus oxygen

46. calcium plus phosphoric acid

47. calcium chloride plus ammonium hydroxide

48. aluminum sulfide plus hydrochloric acid

49. magnesium plus sulfur

50. calcium plus aluminum chloride

© 1984, 1993,2001 J. Weston Walch, Publisher

47

Name _

Date __

(continued)

Chemistry Problems

Reaction Prediction (continued)

51. potassium hydroxide plus hydro sulfuric acid
52. sodium carbonate plus sulfuric acid
53. barium sulfate plus calcium chloride
54. silver plus mercury(I) nitrate
55. barium carbonate (heated)
56. lithium plus bromine
57. sodium chloride plus potassium chromate
58. potassium sulfide plus iron(II) nitrate
59. iodine plus ammonium fluoride
60. sodium plus calcium
61. aluminum chloride (electrolyzed)
62. lead(II) chlorate plus sodium sulfide
63. sulfur trioxide plus water
64. calcium carbonate plus hydrochloric acid
65. iron plus sodium bromide
66. ammonium acetate plus iron(II) chloride
67. silver bromide plus ammonium sulfate
68. zinc plus sulfuric acid
© 1984, 1993, ZOOI 1. Weston Walch, Publisher 48 Name __

Date _

(continued) (i) Chemistry Problems

Reaction Prediction (continued)

69. neon plus potassium
70. iron plus potassium iodide
71. lead(II) hydroxide plus hydrochloric acid
72. iron plus sulfur
73. potassium chlorate (heated)
74. oxygen plus chlorine
75. silver iodide plus iron(III) sulfide
76. iron(II) carbonate plus phosphoric acid
77. potassium iodide plus ammonium nitrate
78. potassium plus sodium nitrate (heated)
79. bromine plus sodium chloride
80. silver sulfide plus hydrochloric acid
81. magnesium nitrate plus hydrochloric acid
82. ammonia plus hydrogen chloride
83. zinc hydroxide plus sulfuric acid
84. calcium oxide plus water
85. sodium plus chlorine
86. calcium hydroxide (heated)
© 1984, 1993,2001 J. Weston Walch, Publisher 49 Name _

Date __

(continued) @ Chemistry Problems

Reaction Prediction (continued)

87. fluorine plus potassium bromide

88. ammonium hydroxide plus sulfuric acid

89. sodium chloride plus potassium nitrate

90. lead plus tin(I1) nitrate

91. carbon dioxide plus water

92. chlorine plus lithium bromide

93. lithium hydroxide plus phosphoric acid

94. potassium sulfite plus nitric acid

95. ammonium chloride plus potassium hydroxide

96. strontium carbonate plus nitric acid

97. tin plus mercury (I) nitrate

98. ammonium sulfite plus hydrochloric acid

99. magnesium carbonate plus phosphoric acid

100. aluminum sulfite plus hydrochloric acid

© 1984, 1993,2001 1. Weston Walch, Publisher

50

Name ___

Date _

@

Chemistry Problems

Appendix J (continued)

Normal Boiling Point Normal Freezing Point
Substance Boiling Point Elevation COC) Freezing Point Depression
(OC) CO C) CO C)
cyclohexane 80.7 2.75 6.5 6.54
1,2 -dibromoethane 131.7 6.61 10 12.5
ethyl alcohol 78.4 1.16 -114.6 1.99
naphthalene 218.0 5.80 80.2 6.94
water 100.0 0.52 0.0 1.86 Appendix K

Activity Series of the Elements

Metals Non-metals
lithium cobalt fluorine
rubidium nickel chlorine
potassium tin bromine
sodium lead iodine
strontium HYDROGEN sulfur
barium antimony
calcium bismuth
magnesium arsenic
aluminum copper
manganese mercury
zinc silver
chromium platinum
iron gold
cadmium © 1984,1993,2001 J. Weston Walch, Publisher

155

@

Chemistry Problems

Answer Key 179
57. ZnI2 71. SnC14 85. Sr[OHh 99. K2S203
58. FeF2 72. SeF4 86. PbS04 100. K3As04
59. NiSe 73. PBrs 87. Al(HS04)3 101. KAg( CNh
60. NaHS04 74. HgI03 88. Na2HP04 102. NaCNO
61. Li20 75. Fe2(S04)3 89. NH4Al(S04h 103. HMn04
62. CU2C03 76. NiS04 90. CuS04·5H20 104. OsCl4
63. SrC03 77. Si02 91. Pb(N03h 105. La203
64. Hg2S04 78. Li3P04 92. AuCl3 106. GeCl4
65. K2Cr207 79. K3Sb 93. Sn(OHh 107. Er(C2H302)3
66. MnO 80. HN03 94. H2C03 108. Yb203
67. NiCl2 81. Mg3N2 95. NH4Br03 109. CaH2
68. Pb(C2H302h 82. Cd(N02h 96. SeBr3 110. Fe3[Fe(CN)6h
69. Hg3N2 83. Zn(C2H302)2 97. BrI
70. Pb(OHh 84. HN02 98. Rb2C03 Equations (pp. 37-44)

1. Fe + S -+ FeS

2. Zn + CUS04 -+ ZnS04 + Cu

3. AgN03 + NaBr -+ NaN03 + AgBr

4. 2KCI03 ~ 2KCI + 302 1

5. 2H20,::::+ 2H2 + 02 1

6. 2HgO ~ 2Hg + O2 1

7. 2KI + Pb(N03h -+ PbI2 + 2KN03

8. 4AI + 302 -+ 2Al203

9. MgCl2 + 2NH4N03 -+ Mg(N03h + 2NH4CI

10. FeCl3 + 3NH40H -+ Fe(0H)3 + 3NH4CI

11. 2Na202 + 2H20 -+ 4NaOH + 02 1

12. Fe203 + 3C -+ 2Fe + 3CO 1

13. 2Fe + 3H20 -+ 3H2 1 + Fe203

14. FeCl3 + 3KOH -+ 3KCI + Fe(OH)3

15. 2AI + 3H2S04 -+ A12(S04h + 3H2 1

16. Na2C03 + Ca(OH2) -+ 2NaOH + CaC03

17. CO2 + H20 -+ H2C03

18. 4P + 502 -+ 2P20S

19. 2Na + 2HOH -+ 2NaOH + H2 1

20. Zn + H2S04 -+ ZnS04 + H? 1

21. A12(S04h + 3Ca(OHh -+ 2AI(OHh + 3CaS04

22. CaO + H20 -+ Ca(OHh

23. Fe + 2CuN03 -+ Fe(N03h + 2Cu

(continued)

180 Chemistry Problems

24. FeS + 2HCl HzS t + FeClZ

25. KZO + HZO 2KOH

26. (NH4)zS + Pb(N03)2 2NH4N03 + PbS

27. 3Hg(OHh + 2H3P04 Hg3(P04)Z + 6HzO

28. 3KOH + H3P04 K3P04 + 3H20

29. CaClz + 2 HN03 Ca(N03h + 2 HCI

30. K2C03 + BaCl2 2KCl + BaC03

31. Mg(OHh + HzS04 ..... MgS04 + 2HzO

32. SOz + H20 ..... H2S03

33. Na2C03 + 2HCI ..... 2NaCI + H20 + C02l

34. Mg + 2HN03 Mg(N03)2 + H2 1

35. 2AI + FeZ03 Al203 + 2Fe

36. 2K3P04 + 3MgCl2 ..... Mg3(P04)2 + 6KCI

37. 4NH3 + 30z ..... 2Nz 1 + 6HZO

38. CaC03 ~ CaO + CO2 1

39. 2NaCI + HZS04 Na2S04 + 2HCI

40. 2Fz + 4NaOH 4NaF + 02 1 + 2H20

41. Mg(N03h + CaI2 ..... Ca(N03)z + MgI2

42. A12(S04h + 6NH4Br ..... 2AlBr3 + 3(NH4hS04

43. 2KF + BaBrz ..... BaF2 + 2KBr

44. Cu(N03h + 2NH40H ..... Cu(OH)z + 2NH4N03

45. 2NaN03 ~ 2NaN02 + 0z 1

46. Pb(OH)z ~ PbO + HzO

47. 2NH3 + HZS04 ..... (NH4)zS04

48. HCI + NH3 NH4CI

49. CuS04 + Fe FeS04 + Cu

50. 2Al + 6HCI 2AIC13 + 3H2 1

51. C + 0z ..... CO2 1

52. Ca(HC03h + Ca(OHh ..... 2CaC03 + 2HzO

53. 2H2S + O2 ..... 2HZO + 2S

54. 2NaOH + Ca(N03)2 ..... 2NaN03 + Ca(OHh

55. 2KI + Clz ..... 2KCI + IZ

56. H2S04 + 2KOH ..... KZS04 + 2H20

57. COz + C ..... 2CO 1 '

58. CaS04 + Na2C03 ..... CaC03 + Na2S04

59. 3H20 + P20S 2H3P04

60. 2AI + 2H3P04 3Hz t + 2AIP04

61. NH4CI + NaNOz ..... NaCI + N2 1 + H20

62. Cl2 + 2NaOH ..... NaCI + NaCIO + H20

63. 2Pb(N03h ~ 2PbO + 4N02 1 + Oz 1

(continued)

Answer Key 181

64. 2Hg20 + 02 -+ 4HgO

65. CaO + MgC12 -+ MgO + CaC12

66. Ca + 2H20 -+ Ca(OHh + H2 1

67. 2CrC13 + 3HzS04 -+ Crz(S04h + 6HCl

68. Fe(N03h + 3NH40H -+ Fe(OH)3 + 3NH4N03

69. AICl3 + K3P04 -+ AIP04 + 3KCI

70. AIz03 + 3C + 3CIz -+ 3CO 1 + 2AICl3

71. CuzO + 2HCI-+ 2CuCI + HZO

72. Mg(HC03)z + 2HCI -+ MgClz + 2HzO + 2COz 1

73. 4Fe + 30z -+ 2Fez03

74. Si + 2HzO ~ sio, + 2Hz 1

75. FeZ03 + 3CO -+ 2Fe + 3COz 1

76. 3CaCIz + 2Cr(N03h -+ 3Ca(N03)z + 2CrCl3

77. 2ZnS + 30z -+ 2ZnO + 2S0z 1

78. Ca3(P04)z + 3HzS04 -+ 3CaS04 + 2H3P04

79. 2Fe(OHh ~ FeZ03 + 3HzO

80. AlzS3 + 6NaHC03 -+ 2AI(OH)3 + 3NazS04 + 6COz 1

81. Ca3(P04)Z + 3SiOz + 5C -+ 2P + 3CaSi03 + 5CO 1

82. CaO + SOz -+ CaS03

83. COz + Mg(OH)z -+ MgC03 + HzO

84. CaO + 2HCI -+ CaClz + HZO

85. CaC03 + SiOZ -+ CaSi03 + coz 1

86. 2Sb + 3Clz -+ 2SbCl3

87. Mg3N2 + 6H20 -+ 3Mg(OH)z + 2NH31

88. 4As + 30z -+ 2Asz03

89. NH4HC03 ~ NH31 + HzO 1 + co, 1

90. 3CuO + 2NH3 -+ 3Cu + 3HzO + Nz 1

91. (NH4)zCrZ07 ~ CrZ03 + Nz 1 + 4HzO

92. HzS + Cd(N03)z -+ 2HN03 + CdS

93. 3BaBrz + 2Na3P04 -+ Ba3(P04h + 6NaBr

94. AICl3 + 3NH4F -+ AIF3 + 3NH4CI

95. 2AgN03 + KZS04 -+ AgZS04 + 2KN03

96. 2Bi(N03h + 3CaIz -+ 2Bil3 + 3Ca(N03)z

97. Alz(Cr04)3 + 3(NH4)zS04 -+ 3(NH4)zCr04 + Alz(S04h

98. Zn(N03)z + 2NH4Br -+ ZnBrz + 2NH4N03

99. Bi(N03)3 + 3NH40H -+ Bi(OHh + 3NH4N03

100. Cd(N03h + HZS04 -+ CdS04 + 2HN03 10 1. Zn + 2AgI -+ ZnI z + 2Ag

102. 2FeCl3 + 3HzS04 -+ FeZ(S04)3 + 6HCl

103. Bi2(S04)3 + 6NH40H -+ 2Bi(OH)3 + 3(NH4)zS04

[continued)

182 Chemistry Problems

104. 4HI + O2 -+ 212 + 2H20

105. K2S04 + BaCl2 -+ BaS04 + 2KCI

106. BaS04 + 4C -+ BaS + 4CO 1

107. Al203 + 6HF -+ 2AIF3 + 3H20

108. 2AIF3 + 3H2S04 -+ A12(S04h + 6HF 1

109. 2KI + H202 -+ 2KOH + 12

110. Zn + FeZ(S04)3 -+ ZnS04 + 2FeS04

111. PbS + 2PbO -+ 3Pb + sOz 1

112. Cu + 2H2S04 -+ CUS04 + 2HzO + SOz 1

113. 2AI(OH)3 ~ Al203 + 3H20

114. Nz + 3H2 -+ 2NH31

115. Na2C03 + H2C03 -+ 2NaHC03

116. Si02 + 4HF -+ 2H20 + SiF4l

117. 3NaCIO -+ 2NaCI + NaCI03

lIS. 2NaCIOz + Clz -+ 2NaCI + 2CIOZ 1

119. CH4+SOz ~ HzSl +COzl +Hzl

120. HzTe03 -+Te02l + HzO

121. FeSe + 2HCI-+ FeClz + HzSe 1

122. 3Mg + Nz -+ Mg3N2

123. AgCN + K -+ KCN + Ag

124. CUS04 + 4NH3 -+ Cu(NH3)4S04

125. CaCz + NZ -+ CaCN2 + C

126. CaCNz + 3HzO -+ CaC03 + 2NH3l

127. Zn3AsZ + 6HCI-+ 2AsH3l + 3ZnCIz

12S. Pb(OH)z + NazSnOz -+ Pb + NaZSn03 + H20

129. NaZSi03 + 2HCI-+ 2NaCI + HzSi03

130. BZ03 + 3Mg -+ 3MgO + 2B

131. Fe(CN)z + 4KCN -+ K4Fe(CN)6

132. NaAI02 + NH4CI + NH4AI02 + NaCI

133. AI(OHh + 3NaOH -+ Na3AI03 + 3H20

134. W + 3Clz ~ WCl6

135. 3Ca + 2NH3 -+ 3CaHz + Nz l

136. Na2W04 + HZS04 -+ Na2S04 + H2W04

137. LiH + H20 -+ LiOH + Hzl 13S. 4H3B03 -+ HzB407 + 5HzO

139. Zn(OH)z + 2KOH -+ KzZnOz + 2HzO

140. Ni + 4CO -+ Ni(CO)4

----------~------.-.----

Answer Key 183

Reaction Prediction (pp. 45-50)

In the following problems, the answers are given in this order:

(a) Type of reaction: S = synthesis; D = decomposition; SR = single replacement;

DR = double replacement

(b) Yes or no, as to whether the reaction occurs (c) Balanced equation for those that do

For double replacement reactions, any product listed in Appendix L as P, I, A, or a is regarded as insoluble; any reactant listed as P is regarded as soluble.

1. SR; yes; 2Al + 6HCl ..... 2AICl3 + 3Hz

2. DR; yes; Ca(OHh + 2HN03 ..... Ca(N03h + 2HzO

3. S; no

4. SR; yes; Mg + Zn(N03)z ..... Mg(N03h + Zn !

5. S; yes; 2Hg + Oz ..... 2HgO

6. DR; yes; ZnClz + HzS 2HCI + ZnS !

7. S; yes; NzOs + HzO 2NH03

8. DR; no; AgCI !

9. D; yes; 2NaCI03 ~ 2NaCI + 30z1

10. DR; yes; Ba(N03)z + NaZCr04 ..... BaCr04 I + 2NaN03

11. DR; yes; NaBr + AgN03 ..... NaN03 + AgBr !

12. DR; yes; Ca3(P04h + Alz(S04)3 ..... 3CaS04 + 2AlP04 !

13. D; yes; ZnC03 ~ ZnO + cOzl

14. DR; yes; Hg2S04 + 2NH4N03 ~ (NH4)zS04 + 2HgN03

15. S; yes; 2K + F2 ..... 2KF

16. DR; no; Zn3(P04h !

17. S; yes; Li20 + H20 ..... 2LiOH

18. D; yes; 2NaCI -:::::;' 2Na + ci, 1

19. S; no

20. DR; yes; Fe(OH)3 + H3P04 ..... FeP04 I + 3HzO

21. SR; yes; 2Na + 2HN03 ..... 2NaN03 + H21

22. DR; yes; 2Fel3 + 3Cu(N03h ..... 2Fe(N03h + 3CuI2 (decomposes in water)

23. SR; no

24. SR; no

25. S; yes; SOz + H20 ~ HZS03

26. S; yes; S + 02 ..... S02 1

27. DR; yes; Na2S04 + BaCl2 ..... BaS04 ! + 2NaCI

28. DR; yes; (NH4)3P04 + 3LiOH ..... Li3P04 + 3NH40H ( ..... 3NH3 1 + 3HzO )

29. S; yes; 2H2 + 02 ..... 2H20

30. SR; no

31. S; yes; NazO + H20 ..... 2NaOH

32. DR; yes; CaC03 + 2LiCl ~ Li2C03 + CaCl2 (continued)

33. DR; yes; Hg2S04 + 2HCl ~ H2S04 + 2HgCl

34. D; yes; 2KN03 ~ 2KN02 + 02 t

35. S; may occur under certain conditions; C12 + Br2 -. 2BrCl

36. DR; yes; 2HgN03 + Na2C03 -. 2NaN03 + Hg2C03 !

37. SR; yes; Mg + 2HC1-. MgC12 + H2 I

38. D; yes; 2H20 ~ 2H2 t + 02 t

39. DR; yes; 2NH4N02 + Ba(OH)2 ...... 2NH40H( ...... 2NH3 r + 2H20 ) + Ba(N02h

40. DR; yes; (NH4hS04 + Ca(OHh -. 2NH40H ( 2NH3 t + 2H20 ) + CaS04

41. D; yes; 2HgO A 2Hg + O2 t

42. DR; yes; (NH4)3P04 + AICl3 ...... AIP04 I + 3NH4CI

43. S; yes; BaO + H20 -. Ba(OHh

44. DR; yes; Fe(OH)3 + 3HN03 -. Fe(N03)3 + 3H20

45. S; yes; 2Ca + 02 ...... 2CaO

46. SR; yes; 3Ca + 2H3P04 ...... Ca3(P04)2 + 3H2 r

47. DR; yes; CaCl2 + 2NH40HF Ca(OH)2 + 2NH4CI

48. DR; yes; provided the Al2S3 is added as a solid; Al2S3 does not exist in water solution;

AlzS3 + 6HCI -. 2AICl3 + 3H2S r

49. S; yes; Mg + S ...... MgS

50. SR; yes; 3Ca + 2AICl3 -. 3CaCl2 + 2AI

51. DR; yes; 2KOH + H2S -. 2HzO + K2S

52. DR; yes; Na2C03 + H2S04 ...... Na2S04 + H2C03(H20 + CO2 r )

53. DR; no; BaS04 !

54. SR; no

55. D; yes; BaC03 A BaO + CO2 t

56. S; yes; 2Li + Br2 ...... 2LiBr

57. DR; yes; 2NaCI + K2Cr04 F NazCr04 + 2KCI

58. DR; yes; KzS + Fe(N03)z ...... FeS ! + 2KN03

59. SR; no

60. S; no

61. D; yes; 2AICl3 ~ 2AI + 3Cl2 t

62. DR; yes; Pb(CI03h + NazS -. PbS! + 2NaCI03

63. S; yes, although there are practical difficulties; S03 + H20 ...... H2S04

64. DR; yes; CaC03 + 2HCI ...... CeCl- + HzC03 ( ...... H20 + CO2 T )

65. SR; no

66. DR; yes; 2NH4C2H302 + FeCl2 F 2NH4CI + Fe(C2H302h

67. DR; no; AgBr !

68. SR; yes; Zn + H2S04 ...... ZnS04 + H2 r

69. S; no

70. SR; no

71. DR; yes; Pb(OH)Z + 2HCI ...... PbCl2 + 2HZO

(continued)

184 Chemistry Problems

Answer Key 185

72. S; yes; Fe + S -+ FeS

73. D; yes; 2KCI03 ~ 302 t + 2KCI

74. S; under special circumstances, yes; Cl2 + 202 -+ 2CI02

75. DR; no; AgI !

76. DR; yes; 3FeC03 + 2H3P04 -+ Fe3(P04h ! + 3H2C03 (-+ 3H20 + 3C02t )

77. DR; yes; KI + NH4N03 == KN03 + NH4I

78. SR; yes; K + NaN03 ~ Na + KN03

79. SR; no

80. DR; yes; Ag2S + 2HCI-+ 2AgCI I + H2S T

81. DR; yes; Mg(N03h + 2HCI == 2NH03 + MgCl2

82. S; yes; NH3 + HCI-+ NH4Cl

83. DR; yes; Zn(OHh + H2S04 -+ ZnS04 + 2H20

84. S; yes; CaO + H20 -+ Ca(OHh

85. S; yes; 2Na + Cl2 -+ 2NaCI

86. D; yes; Ca(OHh A CaO + H20

87. SR; yes; F2 + 2KBr -+ 2KF + Br2

88. DR; yes; 2NH40H + H2S04 -+ (NH4hS04 + 2H20

89. DR; yes; NaCI + KN03 ~ NaN03 + KCI

90. SR; no

91. S; yes; CO2 + H20 ~ H2C03

92. SR; yes; Cl2 + 2LiBr -+ 2LiCI + Br2

93. DR; yes; 3LiOH + H3P04 -+ Li3P04 + 3H20

94. DR; yes; K2S03 + 2HN03 -+ 2KN03 + H2S03 (-+ H20 + S02t )

95. DR; yes; NH4Cl + KOH -+ KCI + NH40H( -+ NH3t + H20)

96. DR; yes; SrC03 + 2HN03 -+ Sr(N03h + H2C03 (-+ H20 + C02t )

97. SR; yes; Sn + 2HgN03 -+ Sn(N03h + 2Hg

98. DR; yes; (NH4)2S03 + 2HCI-+ 2NH4CI + H2S03 (-+ H20 + S02 t )

99. DR; yes; 3MgC03 + 2H3P04 -+ Mg3(P04)2 + 3H2C03 (-+ 3H20 + 3C02 t )

100. DR; yes; AI2(S03)3 + 6HCI-+ 2AICl3 + 3H2S03 (-+ 3H20 + 3C02 t )